Military Review

A new flight data recording system has been created for aviation in Russia

23
The new registration system for airplanes and helicopters is ready for use on funds created by Russian aircraft manufacturing companies. We are talking about products KRET, which was developed by the experts of the concern on an initiative basis.


A new flight data recording system has been created for aviation in Russia


This MCP-1 is a small-sized registration system with the presence of a combined registrar MP-1. A unit for registering flight information, a parametric recorder, and flight recorders are combined in a single building. This integration approach allows to reduce both the dimensions and the weight of the data recording system.

Certification tests were carried out using the MCP-1 on a Mi-8 helicopter (more precisely, the Mi-8MTV).

In addition to the aforementioned combined small-sized recorder, the MCP-1 includes an acoustic underwater beacon (PAM-6k), a microphone device (UMD-3), a control and indication panel PUI-3. The software MCP-1 can be modified for its use on absolutely any means of civil aviation. No additional hardware.

Unlike previous versions of flight information recording systems, this has a mass of about 5,2 kg. The information stream for reading data by a computer goes through the Ethernet bus 10BASE-T / 100BASE-TX, the data transfer rate is 5 MB / s.

Flight information has received additional protection. The mentioned underwater acoustic beacon allows in case of emergency to detect the registration system with a high degree of accuracy.

In aviation on-board registration systems of the previous generation to date, many shortcomings have manifested themselves. Among other things - a high probability of losing a significant part of the data in the case of thermal, electromagnetic effects. In addition, this is the probability of loss of the writing modules themselves if it is at a depth. And also - a sophisticated search for recorders who are not located in a single building with a high degree of strength.
Photos used:
KRET
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  1. Nycomed
    Nycomed 17 September 2019 14: 18
    +1
    For a long time the necessary weight!
  2. Nikolay87
    Nikolay87 17 September 2019 14: 30
    +3
    Is it, like, a new "black box", only more functional?
    1. iouris
      iouris 17 September 2019 23: 57
      +1
      The previously used method of recording and storing flight information was created in the pre-digital era. Today the flash drive provides registration of huge amounts of data with the highest possible accuracy. At the same time, information retrieval from the aircraft became possible "by air". Back in the mid-1980s, the Magyars stuck a Toshiba microcircuit into the SARPP-12GM case and registered all the parameters in digital form, and then processed it on a PC on a 286th processor. Not so much time has passed ... It is known that the Russians harness for sooooo long. And then they don't go anywhere.
      1. KTA
        KTA 22 September 2019 13: 56
        0
        We have accumulated on-board information on solid media for 20 years now. But there were no ARPPs left, even on the L-39. Information can now be processed directly, on the taxi, you can even not write off.
        Harnessed for a long time and left
  3. shura7782
    shura7782 17 September 2019 16: 24
    0
    Such an integration approach allows to reduce both the dimensions and the weight of the data recording system.
    I would like to know, at least by how much and in comparison with what. It is also not clear how in one block there are systems that are serviced by different specialists.
    Phrase
    ....... which was developed by the experts of the concern on an initiative basis.
    This can also be understood as a rationalization proposal, which is up to serial production as to the moon.
    In general, what is not a proposal in an article is so immediately a question. And for people who are not initiated, as always, the impression is that we are ahead of the rest. Material in this form should not be submitted for discussion ..
    1. Piramidon
      Piramidon 17 September 2019 18: 43
      0
      Quote: shura7782
      Such an integration approach allows to reduce both the dimensions and the weight of the data recording system.
      I would like to know, at least by how much and in comparison with what. It is also not clear how in one block there are systems that are serviced by different specialists.

      The recorders were always serviced by experts from the objective control group (somewhere by instrument controllers). The combination of a speech and a parametric recorder in one block excludes the presence of a speech recorder and, as a consequence, minus its mass.
      1. shura7782
        shura7782 17 September 2019 20: 01
        -1
        Quote: Piramidon
        Combination

        It is not written here that speech information is recorded (MS-61) and that it is then reproduced (MN-61).
        If the principle of information accumulation is the same digital, then if the entire block is covered, all information is covered. The Turkish example in VO is known.
        Next.
        the recorders were serviced by specialists from the objective control group (somewhere by instrument controllers).
        Recorders were never served by the OK team. The system service is handled by the AO group. , and the GOK only somewhere charges the cassettes with film. It also writes off, processes and decodes information. Accordingly, MS-61 is a REO zone. By the way, the acoustic beacon is also a REO. And that turns out to be three in one. I had to repeatedly dig holes, but that everything would remain intact I did not see.
        1. Piramidon
          Piramidon 17 September 2019 20: 05
          0
          Quote: shura7782
          It is not written here that voice information is recorded

          Read carefully again
          MCP-1 is a small-sized registration system with the presence of a combined recorder MP-1. A unit for registering flight information, a parametric recorder, is combined in a single building flight recorders.

          Who will serve him in such an integrated version, I think, will be determined in the instructions of the IAS. It is possible that it will be fully entrusted to the GOK.
          1. shura7782
            shura7782 17 September 2019 20: 42
            0
            Well, I’ll clarify the question. You probably already know the answer, if so famously minus. Recorded voice information analog or digital?
            Quote: Piramidon
            It is possible that it will be fully entrusted to the GOK.

            I really doubt the last assumption because the mine is a regimental group. And she is not engaged in the service of aircraft equipment. This is the area of ​​responsibility of the ITS squadron. It seems to me that you should know this very well.
            1. Piramidon
              Piramidon 17 September 2019 21: 55
              0
              Quote: shura7782
              I really doubt the last assumption

              Neither you nor I can know who will be entrusted with the maintenance of a completely new system. I just assumed. For example, we checked the propellers and engine blades on all planes of the regiment by TEC specialists. Perhaps in the case of recorders some kind of special group will be created. Wait and see. First you need to implement this system. hi
              1. shura7782
                shura7782 17 September 2019 22: 57
                0
                For example, we checked propellers and engine blades on all planes of the regiment by TEC specialists. Perhaps in the case of recorders some special group will be created
                Why is it possible !? In TEC, we had a diagnostic group of diabetes, which worked together with the GOK.
                Quote: Piramidon
                First you need to implement this system.

                And here I agree.
                Just for information that this invention is far from the last "completely new" in a series of recent similar developments. Also note that it was made for the naval helicopter version only. Well, and most importantly, there is no technical task with the specific requirements of the Ministry of Defense. The reduced weight is great., But three in one, as an operator I think it is doubtful .. By this analogy, one onboard computer could be installed on all aircraft systems (ACS, sighting navigation system, engine automation, etc.).
                Weight would definitely decrease, but would reliability and vitality increase? Despite the fact that the version of the idea is logical and at first glance original. Of course not.
  4. K-36
    K-36 17 September 2019 16: 50
    +1
    Has the Almighty still heard my prayers?
    Here I learned that MSR-1 was developed and manufactured by the Smolensk Research and Production Enterprise "Izmeritel".
    https://www.aviaport.ru/digest/2019/05/17/588425.html
    Quote: "The unique salvage drives of the system provide the identification of the scene for the early deployment of the rescue operation. They can be separated from the helicopter in distress in the water area, and, while remaining afloat, transmit a distress signal to the international satellite system Cospas-Sarsat to determine the coordinates of the incident, - said the first deputy general director of KRET JSC Vladimir Zverev. - To drive the search and rescue helicopters, the rescued drives are also equipped with a short-range radio transmitter.
    Unfortunately, I didn’t find any information that the MCP-1 was shooting off from the aircraft (upon receipt by this aircraft of an overload exceeding its physical strength limits). AND I'm on This firing off (at the moment of impact on the ground / water) I categorically insist !!! am
    soldier
    1. Piramidon
      Piramidon 17 September 2019 18: 30
      0
      Quote: K-36
      Unfortunately, I didn’t find any information that the MCP-1 was shooting off from the aircraft (upon receipt by this aircraft of an overload exceeding its physical strength limits). And I categorically insist on this shooting (at the moment of impact on the ground / water) !!!

      I support. + also that the thrown float with a radio beacon is attached.
  5. Donetsk2019
    Donetsk2019 17 September 2019 18: 24
    +2
    But is it not optimal to connect sensors to a smartphone? It would be smaller in size, less weight, and the data exchange rate would be 10-20 times higher, a convenient graphical interface, touch screen, LTE / GSM compatibility, and the ability to work with GPS.
  6. K-36
    K-36 17 September 2019 18: 37
    0
    Quote: Piramidon
    Quote: K-36
    Unfortunately, I didn’t find any information that the MCP-1 was shooting off from the aircraft (upon receipt by this aircraft of an overload exceeding its physical strength limits). And I categorically insist on this shooting (at the moment of impact on the ground / water) !!!

    I support. + more so that the discarded beacon float is attached.


    So he seems to be "waterfowl" already (according to the statement of the chief designer of the product). And the emergency radio beacon was also mentioned in it. Take a closer look at the link I posted above.
    Yours faithfully, hi
    1. Piramidon
      Piramidon 17 September 2019 19: 55
      0
      Quote: K-36
      So he seems to be "waterfowl" already (according to the statement of the chief designer of the product

      Until I found that he is waterfowl. Just that;
      is included in MCP-1 acoustic underwater beacon (PAM-6k)

      That is, I understand that you need to look for it underwater acoustic means that are not heard on the surface. Something like this. request hi
  7. K-36
    K-36 17 September 2019 22: 07
    0
    Quote: Piramidon
    Quote: K-36
    So he seems to be "waterfowl" already (according to the statement of the chief designer of the product

    Until I found that he is waterfowl. Just that;
    is included in MCP-1 acoustic underwater beacon (PAM-6k)

    That is, I understand that you need to look for it underwater acoustic means that are not heard on the surface. Something like this. request hi

    Read the link I have finally posted
    https://www.aviaport.ru/digest/2019/05/17/588425.html
  8. iouris
    iouris 17 September 2019 23: 44
    0
    What is this concept of "aircraft"? Gugel only links to this source. If everyone starts to introduce their own concepts without defining them, then we will soon cease to understand the meaning of the message.