Military Review

In the first combat operation, Alpha saved the US Embassy from destruction

24
The first combat operation of the legendary Alpha group was the rescue of the American embassy in Moscow from an explosion. About this with reference to the former leader of the group, retired Major General Gennady Zaitsev, write RIA News.




The Alpha Group is one of the most famous - and at the same time the most secret - units of the power structures of Russia. For decades, the legendary unit has been involved in operations that saved thousands of lives.

Often the first “Group A” baptisms of fire are called the assault on Amin’s palace in Afghanistan in December 1979. However, the former unit commander, retired major general Gennady Zaitsev, considers participation in the rescue of the American embassy from a bomb explosion as such.

Zaitsev revealed the details of the operation on the eve of his 85 anniversary. The officer considers the miracle that the operation ended without casualties on the part of the participants or embassy staff.

The embassy captured the insane with a bomb


On 28 of March 1979 of the year, insane Yuri Vlasenko entered the territory of the American diplomatic mission. He carried a home-made bomb into the embassy, ​​which he threatened to detonate if he was not secured travel to the United States.

According to the memoirs of Gennady Zaitsev, Vlasenko constantly held his finger on the trigger rod. A mentally ill person was ready to detonate an explosive device at any time.

The situation was complicated by the fact that everything happened, de jure, in the territory of another state, which was also in a state of "cold war" with the USSR. Any step on the territory of the embassy should have been agreed at the highest level. Permission to apply weapons It was agreed both with representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union and with representatives of the United States diplomatic service.

The explosion could destroy the embassy


The Alfovites received orders to hit the offender with shots in the shoulder and forearm of the right hand. It was expected that a mentally ill extremist will release a trigger pull that drives the device. However, things did not go as expected.

After the shots, Yuri Vlasenko was injured, after which he could not immediately put the device into operation, but they did not disable the criminal. Vlasenko ran into one of the rooms and detonated a bomb there. The criminal received mortal wounds, from which he later died.

Zaitsev claims that fortunate coincidence, the three-section WU did not work completely. In the first part there was a powder charge, in the second part - trotyl, in the third - picric acid. According to experts, if the last charge worked, the building of the American diplomatic mission would be partially destroyed.
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  1. usr01
    usr01 11 September 2019 12: 43 New
    -1
    In vain they saved ... It was necessary for the "schizo" to issue a suitable bomb.
    1. 777-3-59-97
      777-3-59-97 11 September 2019 13: 00 New
      -5
      It was necessary to issue a “schizo” a suitable bomb

      Propaganda of terrorism however. 205.2 Article. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
      1. Shurik70
        Shurik70 11 September 2019 13: 31 New
        +7
        Quote: usr01
        In vain they saved ... It was necessary for the "schizo" to issue a suitable bomb.

        On March 29th, 1979, my parents drove me to my grandmother in Yaroslavl. Passing through Moscow.
        Would blow up the embassy - could block the stations. You bastard. Because of him, he could not get to grandma
        angry
    2. Greenwood
      Greenwood 11 September 2019 13: 19 New
      +2
      Well, the embassy building would have exploded, people would have died, possibly Soviet citizens. Relations with the United States would be further aggravated. Would it be easier for you?
    3. armata_armata
      armata_armata 11 September 2019 13: 46 New
      -1
      In vain they saved ... It was necessary for the "schizo" to issue a suitable bomb.

      Well, the embassy could be left, but diplomats with the "terrorist" had to be taken to the woods and left in private winked
      Relations with the United States would be further aggravated

      The tragedy of the century laughing
      1. Greenwood
        Greenwood 11 September 2019 15: 47 New
        -1
        Did diplomats personally do anything bad to you?
    4. Jack O'Neill
      Jack O'Neill 11 September 2019 14: 24 New
      0
      In vain they saved ... It was necessary for the "schizo" to issue a suitable bomb.

      And how many Soviet citizens would die both at the embassy and near it? Would you sacrifice them just to make the Americans explode?
      However, for this you need to put in the hospital ...
      And yes - this is the propaganda of terrorism. Be careful and do not dig another hole, because you yourself will please it.
      1. Greenwood
        Greenwood 11 September 2019 15: 49 New
        -3
        Here, for some, hatred of the United States has grown into a stage of paranoid schizophrenia. It is necessary to be treated in general.
        1. Jack O'Neill
          Jack O'Neill 11 September 2019 16: 48 New
          -1
          Here, for some, hatred of the United States has grown into a stage of paranoid schizophrenia. It is necessary to be treated in general.

          Yes, I also noticed this.
  2. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 11 September 2019 12: 44 New
    0
    Roughly worked. It is necessary to bring down deafly, but not to risk. If life was so bad for a freak, then give the plane. repeat
    1. Pavel57
      Pavel57 11 September 2019 13: 58 New
      +1
      The installation was wounded, and it worked, although after the wound it was possible to bring down.
  3. Nycomed
    Nycomed 11 September 2019 12: 44 New
    -2
    The poor embassy ... crying And WU carried and fired from a grenade launcher and "bugs" stuffed, but still did not move. sad
    1. Thrall
      Thrall 11 September 2019 12: 52 New
      +5
      Quote: Nycomed
      but they won’t move at all

      So adopt the Belarusian experience. We turn off the sewer and ... smile
  4. Zeev Zeev
    Zeev Zeev 11 September 2019 13: 03 New
    +1
    In how. This is how much melinite must be in the bomb to partially destroy the building?
    1. Sergey M. Karasev
      Sergey M. Karasev 11 September 2019 14: 48 New
      +1
      Differently. Depends on the size of the room, the distance from the point of detonation to the walls and floors, thickness, material and quality of walls and floors, charge configuration. For example, if there is a cumulative notch, half a kilo is enough for the eyes to break through the floor or the supporting wall. Essentially, if you install the charge close to the destructible wall with a recess.
      1. Zeev Zeev
        Zeev Zeev 11 September 2019 14: 55 New
        +1
        Even a gap in the bearing wall will not cause any damage to the building. To do this, make a couple of supporting structures. So it’s impossible to demolish a building with a bomb of even five to seven kg.
        1. Sergey M. Karasev
          Sergey M. Karasev 11 September 2019 15: 21 New
          +1
          A wall or floor break is already considered a partial destruction of the building. But this is so far as.
          But, in general, we don’t know where exactly this crazy man exploded, and if there was not a critical point nearby whose destruction would cause a domino effect with the collapse of half of the embassy.
  5. NKT
    NKT 11 September 2019 13: 24 New
    0
    "Alfovtsy" received the order to hit the criminal shots in the shoulder and forearm of the right hand. It was expected that a mentally ill extremist will release a trigger pull that drives the device. However, things did not go as expected.


    Why did you have to take such a risk? Why not defeat?
  6. bogart047
    bogart047 11 September 2019 13: 40 New
    0
    looks like a failure, though not complete. They shoot at the base of the skull so that they do not have time
  7. SERGEY SERGEEVICS
    SERGEY SERGEEVICS 11 September 2019 13: 51 New
    +2
    The Alpha fighters have always carried their service with dignity, despite all the difficulties that sometimes face the front.
  8. sir_obs
    sir_obs 11 September 2019 14: 28 New
    +5
    the territory of the American diplomatic mission penetrated the insane Yuri Vlasenko. He did not carry the embassy bomb on the embassy’s territory, which he threatened to detonate if he was not secured travel to the United States.


    As it is in American way, to threaten with a bomb for any reason and without, He should have been immediately taken to the states with special honor and immediately upon arrival be elected to Congress.
  9. Old26
    Old26 11 September 2019 20: 17 New
    +1
    Such headlines always touch me. would the building be destroyed? Well, the maximum would have knocked out windows, doors, worked all the APU completely. Destroying a multi-story building with the help of APU weighing a couple kilograms is certainly cool

    Quote: armata_armata
    The tragedy of the century

    Did you live that year? Can you imagine how such an attack of ge could end only for people, but for the country (at least the USSR, at least the USA). The result of such an explosion could be precisely the tragedy of millions. Countries looked at each other through a slot of sights. And how would the US behave in this situation is not given to predict

    Quote: Mavrikiy
    Roughly worked. It is necessary to bring down deafly, but not to risk. If life was so bad for a freak, then give the plane. repeat

    I listened to this speech by Zaitsev several years ago (in the sense of this event). There the problem was that this trigger system could have worked it out of place, because in agony, or already being dead, he could pull his hand. This option was considered, but the decision was made, which was implemented

    Quote: Zeev Zeev
    In how. This is how much melinite must be in the bomb to partially destroy the building?

    Do not pay attention to the title. It, as always, does not match the text. On the resource, it has become a tradition. The louder the title, the more likely it is that the note is about nothing

    Quote: Sergey Karasev
    Differently. Depends on the size of the room, the distance from the point of detonation to the walls and floors, thickness, material and quality of walls and floors, charge configuration. For example, if there is a cumulative notch, half a kilo is enough for the eyes to break through the floor or the supporting wall. Essentially, if you install the charge close to the destructible wall with a recess.

    Sergey! That type had a homemade product assembled from what it was. Gunpowder, tol, picric acid. It is not even known whether this three-section structure could completely explode.
    1. Sergey M. Karasev
      Sergey M. Karasev 12 September 2019 14: 56 New
      0
      Sergey! That type had a homemade product assembled from what it was. Gunpowder, tol, picric acid. It is not even known whether this three-section structure could completely explode.

      IMHO, the psycho made a mistake trying to detonate the tol with burning gunpowder. Gunpowder is generally not TRS, but for TNT in particular. Tol has high knock resistance to heat and flame. During the war, sappers, for lack of firewood, smelted potbelly stoves with tossing sabers without being blown up. It would be better if the psycho directly tried to detonate melinite with gunpowder, here the probability of an explosion is greater, but there is still no guarantee.
      On the other hand, since he had melinitis, it means he knew chemistry, since he managed to synthesize it. Or he had a chemist among close friends. After all, melinite has not been produced since the war, and its shelf life is small. But he was not an explosive and had no friends of explosives.
  10. Monar
    Monar 11 September 2019 20: 42 New
    0
    the building of the American diplomatic mission would be partially destroyed.
    Would the glass fly out and damage the furniture? Well, not 100 kilos, he carried on himself.