A new wheeled armored car for the Airborne Forces was developed from 2015. The aim of the project was to create a multi-purpose armored vehicle capable of transporting people and goods, as well as carrying a variety of weapons. The armored car had to meet the requirements of parachute landing. In the future, such a model could become one of the new platforms for the construction of new airborne equipment.
An experienced armored car under the name K4386 "Typhoon-Airborne" was first shown in 2017. Subsequently, the equipment passed the necessary tests. In addition, the development of the platform continued with the advent of new specialized designs. Part of the technology of the resulting family has already been tested and is preparing for adoption. According to the last news, mass delivery of serial K4386 in various configurations will begin next year.
"Typhoon-Airborne" received a single-volume armored vehicle with combined protection, corresponding to 5 class GOST R 50963-96. Explosion protection 6 kg of TNT under the wheel or 4 kg under the bottom. The design provides all the basic means and methods of protecting the crew from the negative effects of the explosion. In particular, the crew and the landing are placed in energy-absorbing seats.
The armored car is equipped with a KAMAZ-650.10-350 engine with 350 horsepower. and automatic transmission. The suspension is made on the basis of hydropneumatic shock absorbers. The maximum speed of the car reaches 100 km / h, power reserve - 1200 km. The combat weight of the armored car in the basic configuration is 13,5 tons.
The main body volume can be equipped with the required units - landing chairs, ammunition stacking or special equipment. A sunroof is provided on the roof, which can also be used as a seat for the combat module. Thus, the architecture of the armored car has some elements of modularity, which corresponds to modern views on the goals and objectives of armored vehicles.
In the basic configuration, the "Typhoon-Airborne Forces" is an armored vehicle for transportation, capable of transporting people and some goods. In this case, the habitable compartment is equipped with eight seats, including the driver and commander. Access to the inside of the machine is provided by three doors on the sides and in the stern.
One of the first armored vehicles K4386-air defense. Machine guns are visible; missile is stored inside the hull. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com
The sunroof can be equipped with different weapons. Initially, the possibility of installing an open turret with a machine gun of normal or large caliber was mentioned. Also, the installation of an automatic grenade launcher was not ruled out.
Later, the K4386 armored car with the BM-30-D cannon and machine-gun combat module came out for testing. This product is a closed turret with an 30-mm 2A42 gun and a PKTM machine gun. Search for targets and fire control is carried out using a full-blown block of optoelectronic equipment. DBM BM-30-D is completely mounted outside the armored housing and does not take away internal volumes. With such a module "Typhoon-Airborne" passes the necessary tests.
It is alleged that the armored car can carry any other DBMS with different arms, designed to solve different problems. For their installation, a standard overhead is used, and connection to the on-board systems is carried out via unified interfaces.
Of particular interest is the K4386-air defense combat vehicle. This modification of the armored car is equipped with an open installation with a heavy machine gun, and also carries the necessary communication and control equipment. The crew includes three Verba MANPADS with a stock of missiles. Missile and machine gun weapons must ensure the destruction of various air targets in the near zone.
Artillery armored car
This year, the Army-2019 forum for the first time showed a prototype self-propelled mortar 2С41 "Drok", built on the basis of "Typhoon-Airborne." The development of this project began several years ago, and now it is brought to the test stage.
“Drok” loses the bulk of the equipment of the airborne compartment, instead of which stacking for mines and other units are mounted. On a standard pursuit, a combat module is placed with a removable 82-mm mortar on recoil devices. The mortar complex carries ammunition from 60 rounds and is equipped to develop a rate of fire up to 15 rounds / min. Armament is controlled by digital means with remote control. 82-mm gun provides firing at a range of 6 km.
Additional weapons "Droka" consists of a DBM with a PKTM machine gun and a set of smoke grenade launchers. The optoelectronic equipment of the module can be used for reconnaissance purposes.
While the self-propelled mortar 2С41 "Drok" is being tested, but in the future it is planned to bring it to adoption. The presence of such a machine will ensure an increase in the combat effectiveness of the airborne units. The unification of a self-propelled mortar with other armored cars on the chassis will give obvious advantages.
Also at the Army-2019 forum, the first premiere of three promising engineering vehicles from the Kleshch-G code family was held at once. The aim of this project is to create universal mine loaders for land units. One of the presented models of equipment, UMP-T, is built on a substantially modified wheeled chassis "Typhoon-Airborne."
The K4386 full-time armored hull in the new project is deprived of the aft landing compartment, instead of which an open platform with armored sides is organized. It houses two universal launchers for mine cassettes. UMP-T carries 60 cartridges; the number of mines depends on their type. Modern means of mine shooting control are used, which also provide mining mapping.
After the exhibition, UMP-T and other representatives of the Kleshch-G family went to the test. The results of the checks are still unknown, but there are reasons for optimistic forecasts. It should be expected that upon successful completion of all necessary tests UMP-T will enter service. Most likely, equipment based on the "Typhoon-Airborne" will go to the landing units.
This year, for the first time, they showed the MTR-K technical reconnaissance vehicle built at the K4386 base. This sample is intended for technical units. His goal will be to search for damaged equipment on the battlefield and assess its condition, followed by the implementation of the necessary work or the involvement of other vehicles.
MTR-K is equipped with its own surveillance system and unmanned aerial vehicle. There are also radiation and chemical reconnaissance facilities. The MTR-K crew will be able to carry out part of the assistance work independently; in other cases, it will have to cause an ARV with the desired characteristics.
Now the technical intelligence machine is in testing. The completion of inspections is scheduled for next year. Then MTR-K can be taken into service.
Multipurpose and many-sided
According to recent reports, tests of the K4386 Typhoon-Airborne armored car are coming to an end and will be completed before the beginning of next year. In 2020, it is planned to launch a full-fledged series with the transfer of airborne vehicles. At the same time, the list of modifications planned for release has not yet been specified.
Machine technical intelligence MTR-K. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru
The main operator of the armored cars will be the airborne troops for which they were developed. However, "Typhoons-Airborne" can find application in other structures. Recently it became known that the 12 e Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense, working with nuclear weapons, showed interest in such machines. As part of its fleet of vehicles, there are various samples of automobile and military equipment, and in the near future the delivery of new K4386 is expected.
Apparently, after the launch of the series, the most massive modification of the "Typhoon-Airborne" will be an armored car for transporting personnel with machine gun or cannon weapons. Other options will be produced in smaller quantities that meet customer requirements. All these processes will lead to the re-equipment of the airborne forces, and with the maximum unification of new equipment.
The development, development and testing of the K4386 Typhoon-VDV armored car took several years - the first information about the project appeared in 2015, and mass production will begin only in 2020. However, this time was not wasted. Russian industry has created not only an armored car with high performance, but also a number of its modifications for various purposes. Thus, even before the start of a full-fledged service, Typhoon-Airborne Forces managed to establish itself well as a platform for various equipment.