Military Review

Option "MLRS" of the RPG-7 - some aspects of the appearance and use

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On social networks, photos of an easy installation with a claim to MLRS appeared. A feature of this complex was that it was based on RPG-7 anti-tank grenade launchers. Military Review decided to study the causes of the installation and its analogues, as well as where and under what circumstances they appeared.


Option "MLRS" of the RPG-7 - some aspects of the appearance and use


Modern warfare, often represented as a battle of the latest technology, in fact, extremely rarely becomes one. The issue of creating weapons systems with the help of the existing one is increasingly coming to the forefront of local conflicts. weapons and improvised means.

One of the simplest means of enhancing firepower is multiple launch rocket systems. They are quite simple to use and cheap, on the one hand. On the other hand, thanks to such systems, it is possible to provide effective suppression of enemy firing points, to strike at areas, and also, due to the mobility of such complexes, quickly provide support in different sectors of the front.




There are at least two problems left. The first is that, as a rule, these systems are mounted on large trucks and have a caliber of 122 mm, which is often redundant to support small detachments and advanced units. Secondly, it is still too expensive. In the case of local conflicts, savings are literally on each cartridge. And then light anti-tank weapons come onto the scene, which, when combined into a single system, can become a model of light (and cheap) MLRS.

One of the first light complex MLRS, assembled from improvised anti-tank weapons, was tested by the Americans. As a basis, they chose the "bazooka". The soldiers of the 505 airborne regiment used such an installation assembled from the 6 "bazooka": it was mounted on their jeep - on a wooden frame.



The Iran-Iraq war was a difficult test for Tehran. The country was not ready for it. As a result, the Iranians suffered tangible losses, and were often forced to use extreme methods of warfare: for example, “living waves”. Losses with such methods of warfare were enormous. The quality of training was often low, most of the manpower was poorly trained recruits.

The additional burden was the sanctions imposed on Tehran and restrictions on the supply of weapons. Because of them, Iran, well armed enough, but not able to replenish the weapons lost during the fighting, had to use systems assembled from improvised means.

The name of this installation could not be found - apparently, it was released either in a single copy or in an extremely small batch. Moreover, the RPG-7 in this way was also almost never used. but almost does not mean quite. There is a country where such an unusual volley fire system was produced in series.



At the 20 anniversary of the independence of Armenia, the local company Garni-Ler Scientific and Production Association demonstrated its vision of a light MLRS. At the parade in Yerevan, the N-2 installation was shown. Its main version is mounted on the chassis of the GAZ-3308 Sadko car (however, there is also a towed version). Managed in the desired direction manually, range ± 30 deg. in azimuth and -5 - + 50 degrees. by the corner of the place. With the help of an electric remote control, launch can be carried out both in volley and single.

The range is up to 1300 m. As ammunition, they are used as TB-1 rocket-propelled grenades with a thermobaric warhead produced by Armenia, or high-explosive fragmentation OG-7. For some time, the system was offered for export by the Defense Industry Administration, but no contract information was found on N-2.

Ukraine also tried


The mini-version of such a system was also used by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Their installation, consisting of paired 4 x RPGs, flashed in hostilities in the Donbass at the beginning of the 2018 year.



Judging by the small number of such systems, they are mainly used as an attempt to replace the standard MLRS with the cheapest possible countries, which have both financial difficulties and problems with the training of soldiers serving weapons.
Photos used:
1175.blogfa.com, US Department of Defense, RA Ministry of Defense
42 comments
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  1. Fedor Sokolov
    Fedor Sokolov 26 August 2019 14: 03
    +2
    In short MLRS for the poor.
  2. svp67
    svp67 26 August 2019 14: 08
    +6
    It is not reasonable to put such a "underdos" on a truck, knowing that it has a maximum range of 1300 meters, the target is too good. But a jeep will do. I wonder who either thought of so "Bumblebees" to group and use?
    1. Fedor Sokolov
      Fedor Sokolov 26 August 2019 14: 32
      0
      RPO "Bumblebee" is a point impact weapon! Shmalnul in the window of a building or other fortification of the enemy and suppressed the firing point, it is not suitable for work on squares.
      1. Mik13
        Mik13 26 August 2019 16: 21
        0
        Quote: Fedor Sokolov
        RPO "Bumblebee" is a point impact weapon! Shmalnul in the window of a building or other fortification of the enemy and suppressed the firing point, it is not suitable for work on squares.

        Yes, yes, of course. Especially when you consider that the accuracy of the RPO does not allow you to get into the window from a distance of 100 meters, not to mention the embrasure.
        1. Fedor Sokolov
          Fedor Sokolov 26 August 2019 16: 26
          -1
          Well, from drunken eyes you can miss from ten meters!
          1. Mik13
            Mik13 26 August 2019 16: 54
            +7
            Quote: Mik13
            .... RPO accuracy does not allow you to get into the window from a distance of 100 meters, not to mention the embrasure.

            Quote: Fedor Sokolov
            Well, from drunken eyes you can miss from ten meters!


            In fact, this funny moment was already discussed in the topic of the murder of Mikhail Tolstoy. There Mr. Romanov burned with napalm ...

            So, the accuracy of the product -
            Accuracy of firing at a range of 200m:
            Wb ............... 0,35m
            In ................ 0,50m

            (proof: http://www.kbptula.ru/ru/razrabotki-kbp/strelkovo
            -pushechnoe-i-granatometnoe-vooruzhenieognemety / r
            po-shmel)

            Just in case, Vb and Vv are 25% of hits:



            Moreover, this is practically "technical" accuracy - which is provided by the ammunition. There are also shooter errors, curve sight, weather conditions, etc.

            In addition, the population of the firing point, as a rule, very actively protests against getting into any thermobaric muck and enthusiasts with elongated green pipes try to shoot very hard in advance. Unlike RPO, PKM allows you to confidently upset an enthusiast from a distance of 600 meters ...

            It is very convenient to deal with embrasures and other firing points with the help of anti-tank guided missiles with the warhead of warheads, or even with the usual cumulative one. What in reality happens regularly.
            1. Shurik70
              Shurik70 26 August 2019 22: 16
              0
              I remembered an old anecdote "Of six trunks, but a flock of crows - it's impossible to miss"
      2. svp67
        svp67 26 August 2019 16: 40
        +2
        Quote: Fyodor Sokolov
        it is not suitable for work on the areas.

        Yeah, and RPG-7 is a ready-made weapon of mass destruction.
        Quote: Fyodor Sokolov
        it is not suitable for work on the areas.

        Bumblebee volume-detonating ammunition, yes, released by a "pack"? Why is that?
      3. DMB_95
        DMB_95 26 August 2019 17: 50
        0
        "Bumblebees" are probably more expensive than RPGs. Every teenager knows how to handle RPGs now on BV, and "Bumblebee" is a little more complicated and a little more expensive.
        1. svp67
          svp67 26 August 2019 18: 26
          +1
          Quote: DMB_95
          and "Bumblebee" is a little more complicated and a little more expensive.

          Nevertheless, as a deterrent weapon, a salvo of such a package is much more powerful
        2. race
          race 27 August 2019 20: 58
          0
          Quote: DMB_95
          "Bumblebees" are probably more expensive than RPGs. Every teenager knows how to handle RPGs now on BV, and "Bumblebee" is a little more complicated and a little more expensive.

          But in any case, much cheaper than the BM-21, Pinocchio or Solntsepeka.
    2. NKT
      NKT 26 August 2019 17: 21
      +2
      So there is an analogue on the tracks - Pinocchio.
      1. Fedor Sokolov
        Fedor Sokolov 26 August 2019 17: 48
        0
        "Bumblebee" is much weaker than TOC, they cannot even be compared for completely different purposes, the maximum effect of RPO is achieved through its application in closed rooms.
        1. NKT
          NKT 26 August 2019 17: 52
          +1
          Yes, no one is trying to compare. My comment is addressed to svp67 on the account “group Bumblebee and use”.
    3. Observer2014
      Observer2014 26 August 2019 18: 00
      -1
      svp67 (Sergei) hi
      Interestingly, who either thought of so "Bumblebees" to group and use?
      No, you are the first. yesBut don’t take me as a partner. I won’t go. Assemble in a heap yourself. Direct yourself. Make a volley yourself too. Maybe you can get anywhere. But it will fly back in quicker than shoot out. But from anything. But not from a pistol. laughing Moreover, that night that day .. This is an individual guidance weapon, so to speak. And mini-PSZO from this shaitan to sculpt pipes. It’s unsafe. Literally
    4. race
      race 27 August 2019 21: 20
      0
      Quote: svp67
      It is not reasonable to put such a "underdos" on a truck, knowing that it has a maximum range of 1300 meters, the target is too good. But a jeep will do. I wonder who either thought of so "Bumblebees" to group and use?

      Why "Bumblebees"? Imagine a MLRS assembled in this way, for example, from the RPG-29 "Vampire". Caliber 105 mm. Or from RPG-28 "Cranberry", caliber 125 mm. With a thermobaric ammunition in terms of fire effect, it will be comparable to a salvo of the same number of shells from the BM-21 Grad.
    5. Aleksandr
      Aleksandr 28 August 2019 05: 36
      0
      The tasks are different. As practice shows, a jeep is the most mobile combat unit, and if we take into account not only cumulative ammunition, but such as a fragment or thermobaric. then firepower + mobility will give a tremendous result, of course, at short distances. and as a rule we are talking about a couple of three hundred meters.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 26 August 2019 14: 10
    +2
    In short ersatz .... at the expense of accuracy of getting very big doubts.
    1. Grigory_45
      Grigory_45 26 August 2019 14: 15
      +1
      Quote: rocket757
      at the expense of accuracy hit very big doubts

      accuracy in this case is out of the question. Shooting in the squares, "somewhere in the wrong direction"
    2. AU Ivanov.
      AU Ivanov. 26 August 2019 14: 19
      +2
      At the end of the war, the Germans made such prodigies from panzer shreks. At least in Berlin, such artisanal anti-tank MLRS were seen.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 26 August 2019 14: 26
        0
        Yes, everything, when it burns, they come up with different ersatz-wunderwafles.
  4. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 26 August 2019 14: 16
    +3
    Screw the 82nd mines through the adapters, and into the jeep. Volley, and drape ... Partisan artillery ...
  5. Avior
    Avior 26 August 2019 14: 27
    +1
    The advantage of such an installation is lowering the requirements for the carrier, there is no return.
    The minus is a small radius of action, in the zone reachable for small arms, all the more so since you can run into any disguised watch or post that is moved forward and disguised.
    An enemy machine gun from such an installation will make a sieve in a very short time.
    1. race
      race 27 August 2019 21: 08
      0
      Quote: Avior
      The advantage of such an installation is lowering the requirements for the carrier, there is no return.
      The minus is a small radius of action, in the zone reachable for small arms, all the more so since you can run into any disguised watch or post that is moved forward and disguised.
      An enemy machine gun from such an installation will make a sieve in a very short time.

      And if you look at it from the other side: first, the accuracy of shooting from the gun carriage will be higher than from the shoulder; secondly, due to the use of a gun carriage, the firing range can be increased, and in this way to fire from the zone inaccessible to the enemy's small arms. Also, don't forget about "closed" positions.
      1. Avior
        Avior 28 August 2019 07: 44
        -1
        It is somehow strange to speak of accuracy in relation to the RSZO.
        For accuracy, a single launcher would be attached
        1. race
          race 28 August 2019 21: 19
          0
          Is it really necessary to make a full salvo of all the barrels? You can do single starts, and the use of a multi-barrel installation, in this case, increases the rate of fire. So, multi-barrel installation is only a plus compared to single-barrel. The only negative is the large mass of the installation, compared with a single-barrel.
          1. Avior
            Avior 28 August 2019 21: 25
            0
            such an unprotected car has no chance of a few aimed shots.
            riddled
            1. race
              race 28 August 2019 21: 29
              0
              Yes, where does the car? Such an installation can be installed on anything, or you can transfer it on your hands. A truck, in this case, is just one of the options for transporting the installation.
              1. Avior
                Avior 28 August 2019 22: 06
                0
                on hand- even worse, as long as you take it out and install it, they will shoot everyone, the machine quickly does it at least ..
                9 launchers with grenades is 70-100kg, plus the same amount of construction, you can’t apply it, it’s easier to adapt to one launcher bipod or machine, if you really want to, and take as much as you need.
                On an armored personnel carrier or something else armored, then an automatic grenade launcher then.
                1. race
                  race 28 August 2019 22: 18
                  0
                  In any case: if they do this, then someone needs it.
                  1. Avior
                    Avior 28 August 2019 22: 31
                    +1
                    or they believe that it is necessary. Again, under what tactics of application.
                    and design is tied to tactics.
                    and not necessarily all kinds of partisans, there are also quite army versions. For example, the manual, as you wrote, American jet M202A1 FLASH.
                    Here's what he looks like in an old movie featuring a former tank driver and governor of an American state. smile

                    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/M202A1_FLASH
                    Can shoot solo or in one gulp
                    hi
  6. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 26 August 2019 14: 51
    +1
    One successful shot of a well-trained grenade launcher can do more than such an installation.
    Of course, she can bring a lot of rustle, crush the enemy and make her panic. Nine RPGs ... but will nine grenade launchers be more useful on the battlefield? There are nine of them more difficult and costly to turn off the battle. And adapted to the terrain, they can attack much sharper.
    1. Grigory_45
      Grigory_45 26 August 2019 15: 53
      -1
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      One successful shot of a well-trained grenade launcher can do more than such an installation

      Quote: Thunderbolt
      Will nine grenade launchers be more useful on the battlefield?

      Much more useful.
      But this attitude was created by those with a different mentality. The point is to come, quickly flap towards the enemy, and just as quickly get out of place. In the spirit of the Middle East Alabahs
    2. race
      race 27 August 2019 21: 10
      0
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      One successful shot of a well-trained grenade launcher can do more than such an installation.
      Of course, she can bring a lot of rustle, crush the enemy and make her panic. Nine RPGs ... but will nine grenade launchers be more useful on the battlefield? There are nine of them more difficult and costly to turn off the battle. And adapted to the terrain, they can attack much sharper.

      Nine well-trained grenade launchers, and for the use of such MLRS wisely one sensible artilleryman is enough.
  7. Lord of the Sith
    Lord of the Sith 26 August 2019 14: 55
    -1
    As for me, this is a collective farm at the level of the dense Papuans.
  8. Strashila
    Strashila 26 August 2019 15: 17
    0
    Yes, the main thing here is to rinse off during time.
  9. Sarduor
    Sarduor 26 August 2019 16: 02
    0
    In the Russian Federation, 80 mm RSZOs based on a pickup truck for the airborne troops have recently been introduced. Not artisanal crafts, but the development of design bureaus. It is strange that the author did not write.
  10. Ros 56
    Ros 56 26 August 2019 16: 11
    +1
    This is what the Armenians of the Shaitan Arba created. All right, for lack of stamp, we write in simple. And whoever gets into it will not care what the hooves are thrown away from the Super Tornado or from the old RPG-7.
  11. Oquzyurd
    Oquzyurd 26 August 2019 18: 13
    +1
    Armenian trucks and on them "MLRS" at the parade lol Apparently this is for the rear, as a detachment, they are shugging their own so as not to leave a position, because they don’t shine on the front line because they are a large target, and the firing range is at the level of spitting. laughing
  12. APASUS
    APASUS 26 August 2019 19: 14
    0
    And what is the aiming system for this battery? In fact, a child prodigy, to hit the city buildings without aiming, in real battle zero sense
  13. cat Rusich
    cat Rusich 26 August 2019 21: 47
    -1
    residents of Ukraine wassat and the rest I can suggest to put the head of the RPG-7 shot on the handle of the BSL and throw it like a "spear". By the way, I saw a video in which "atoshniks wassat "F-1 or RGD-5 fired from a slingshot ... a great slingshot. fool
  14. garri-lin
    garri-lin 27 August 2019 11: 08
    0
    A mortar with trained calculation is more effective.