Military Review

Rocket and Space Center "Progress"

9
This time, the crew of the Polygon program of the T24 TV channel went to Samara to see for themselves how the Progress rocket and space center, one of the largest and most modern enterprises in the Russian space industry, works.




Progress Engine


History The enterprise began in Moscow more than a century ago with the first Russian production of bicycles manufactured in the 1894 year at the Duks factory. Already in the 1910 year, the first Russian airship Krechet and the first Russian production aircraft Farman were built there for the first time. After 9 years, Dux became an aircraft factory. During the Great Patriotic War, the latter was engaged in the production of Il-2 attack aircraft, which brought him fame. In 1958, by the decision of the government, the company changed its profile from aviation to space, and already after 2, the plant was a whole headquarters for rocket production.

To date, Samara-made missiles have the highest reliability indicator in the world among rocket technology, it is 98%. Of course, only the best of the best specialists in this field could achieve such a result. Famous designers and scientists came out of the walls of Progress. It is on them to this day that production is held today. In particular honor of the dynasty. Today, the third generation of a missile center in Samara is now crossing the threshold of the entrance.

"Progress" produces more than 20 "Unions" per year, hundreds of enterprises across Russia are working on their creation. The Soyuz rocket delivers spacecraft and vehicles into orbit. Today it is the only means of launch on the ISS in the world. Samara rockets will start from the Baikanur and Plesetsk cosmodromes and are also launched from the Guiana Space Center and Vostochny Cosmodrome.

At gunpoint of satellites


Today, the most advanced Russian spacecraft are also being created within the walls of Progress, more than a thousand different satellites, for example, Resurs-DK and Resurs-P, have left the plant’s shops. They were created for detailed observation of our planet and are already in full swing in orbit, supplying us with pictures of river spills, volcanic eruptions, as well as collecting important information for agriculture. When creating optical systems, jewelry accuracy is needed. The satellite equipment contains optoelectronic converters that turn the image into an electrical signal. Thanks to this, you can take pictures of the Earth from a height of more than 400 km with a resolution of 1 meter.

The workshops in which such converters are being manufactured are closely monitored, and cleanliness is maintained, as in the operating room. The entire volume of air passes through special filters and changes every quarter of an hour. The smallest speck of dust on the matrix can lead to huge spots in the pictures. This is precisely the case when a micron component is decisive in the operation of a satellite.

Scientific devices


In addition to rockets and satellites, scientific devices, such as Photon and Bion, are also being created within the walls of Progress. Outwardly, they are very similar and represent a round capsule, which is filled with scientific instruments. Upon returning from space, the apparatus does not burn out in dense layers of the atmosphere. All experiments are returning to Earth.

The Bion biological satellite has a life support system, it maintains a certain temperature, pressure and oxygen, since the main passengers of the Bion are living organisms that help scientists figure out how weightlessness affects them. In addition, these data are necessary for planning future travels to the moon and Mars. Before the flight, all satellites are checked on a special stand base, which creates conditions identical to the space environment - sharp temperature changes, vacuum, and also simulate the shaking that occurs when the device is put into orbit.

All these tests are carried out to verify the reliability of the entire apparatus during its normal operation, that is, at the moment when it is in outer space and performs the main tasks that are assigned to it. All systems undergo rigorous testing - from the head fairing to the separation of the spacecraft and rocket stages. Progress specialists not only develop all devices, they also take an active part in managing them in orbit. For example, the devices planned for shooting objects, after work, reset all the data to reception points. There are several of these in Russia; they are scattered from west to east. The results of the spacecraft on the "Progress" see immediately. As soon as the data is received, they are immediately transferred to the processing center. This helps scientists a lot, for example, in assessing fire hazardous areas, because from the image you can track the objects that are most exposed to fire.

Today, about 20 thousand people are working at Progress. Some of the workers are the true legends of the national cosmonautics, Heroes of Russia, Heroes of labor, honored testers of space technology. They continue to work on the creation of launch vehicles and spacecraft, as well as mastering modern technologies.

9 comments
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  1. Chaldon48
    Chaldon48 24 August 2019 05: 58
    -2
    It is interesting whether due consideration is given to the supply of equipment for this unique pre-adoption or the enthusiasm of employees, something that makes up for so far.
    1. Ilya-spb
      Ilya-spb 24 August 2019 06: 18
      +2
      I am proud!

      Russia needs as many high-tech enterprises as possible.

      And I’ll answer yes to your question. There will be no details.
  2. Greg Miller
    Greg Miller 24 August 2019 08: 41
    -3
    The main thing is that Progress does not repeat the fate of the Tushinsky machine-building plant, the very one where the Burans were once built ...
    1. ultra
      ultra 24 August 2019 09: 55
      +2
      Quote: Greg Miller
      The main thing is that Progress does not repeat its fate.

      Of course, it will not "repeat", our state is doing everything to repeat itself, starting with secondary education, education, ending with the appointment of "very" effective munagers. wassat
  3. ultra
    ultra 24 August 2019 09: 58
    0
    Korolev's "seven" is of course a good rocket, production has been completed, debugged. But I think you can't sit on the developments of the past for so long.
  4. bubalik
    bubalik 24 August 2019 10: 43
    +2
    ,,, this is all good, but the cuts continue. Do not think that I am "throwing on the fan", but the activities of the plant need to be illuminated from all sides.

    According to the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Migration Policy of the Samara Region, the reduction in the staff of the RCC "Progress", which began this winter, will continue further. The management of the enterprise announced the dismissal of more than 800 employees. According to the regional Ministry of Labor, by mid-summer, 333 people will lose their jobs.

    Samara investigators are checking the circumstances of the death of a 28-year-old employee of the Progress RCC, whose body was found on February 18 on the territory of the enterprise. According to preliminary information, the engineer took his own life after the announcement of the upcoming reduction.

    The leadership of the Samara Rocket and Space Center "Progress" announced to the regional Ministry of Labor the dismissal of another 315 employees. As it became known, this will happen in November 2019 of the year.
    1. ultra
      ultra 24 August 2019 12: 13
      0
      In the space industry, we have a systemic crisis and it is directly related to the systemic crisis of the state. And, in my opinion, the current government is not able to change anything.
      1. nickname7
        nickname7 3 October 2019 16: 14
        0
        We have a systemic crisis in the space industry

        But it seems the next space race is beginning, India launches moon rovers, Japan too.
  5. Shahno
    Shahno 24 August 2019 12: 16
    0
    In general, it is tempting after such an article to fly to former colleagues in Samara, to ask what and how in reality ... sad