Military Review

"Nagmashot" and others. Israeli armored personnel carriers on tank chassis

In the past, the Israel Defense Forces had a significant amount tanks "Shot" - British Centurion. By the beginning of the eighties, the combat qualities of such equipment ceased to fully meet the requirements. In this regard, it was decided to rebuild the tanks in other vehicles. The first result of this project was the heavy Nagmashot armored personnel carrier. Then, a number of samples for various purposes were created on its basis.

"Nagmashot" and others. Israeli armored personnel carriers on tank chassis
BTR "Nagmashot" in the basic configuration. Photo

"Nagmashot" and other armored personnel carriers

The first heavy armored personnel carrier based on the Israeli Centurion appeared in the 1982 of the armored personnel carrier ("Nagmash") on the basis of the "Shota" and was called the "Nagmashot". Subsequently, the names formed for the other models of equipment according to the same pattern.

The Nagmashot project involved the removal of the tower and the liberation of the central part of the tank hull. The hull was equipped with a new armored superstructure with sight gauges, arms mounts, etc. Inside the former tank, an airborne squad was organized with eight seats. Own reservation and attachments ensured protection against small arms weapons and some anti-tank systems. Own weapons could include several machine guns in open installations.

Armored personnel carriers "Nagmashot" were used in several operations and generally confirmed the correctness of the basic concept. However, the need for improvements was shown. In the late eighties, the Nagmakhon armored personnel carrier appeared, distinguished by the composition of the defense. The safety of the crew and the landing was increased due to the newer dynamic protection and additional reservation of the bottom.

"Nachmagon-Kasman" with a characteristic superstructure. On the superstructure, support rods for lattice screens are visible. Wikimedia Commons Photos

"Nagmakhon" became the basis for two modifications. BTR "Nagmakhon-Kasman" was equipped with a new cabin. It was made in the form of a high superstructure with glazing and four machine gun installations around the perimeter. The cabin did not have open areas, which allowed the use of armored personnel carriers in the city.

In the early nineties appeared armored car "Nakpadon" for a similar purpose. While maintaining the chassis and the main features of the layout, it was distinguished by a different composition of protection. For her, a new version of the closed cabin was developed. Frontal and side projection covered with a new multilayer dynamic protection. The rear of the side screens with DZ was raised and provided protection for the landing. It was alleged that the Nakpadon could withstand the shelling of the RPG-7.

According to various sources, in the early eighties, the Nagmashot armored personnel carrier was built before the 200. Subsequently, part of this technique was rebuilt according to new models or underwent modernization. Subsequent models of armored personnel carriers were rebuilt from existing tanks or manufactured by remaking older infantry armored vehicles. This fact and the general atmosphere of secrecy in the IDF do not make it possible to accurately assess the number of heavy armored personnel carriers launched and operated.

Armored personnel carrier "Nakpadon" with characteristic protection of an onboard projection. Wikimedia Commons Photos

As it exploited, the industry carried out the modernization of technology in one way or another. The composition of equipment and weapons was changing. Additional remedies also appeared. So, in the Nagmakhon project, electronic warfare tools were introduced to suppress the control channels of explosive devices. At the same time, the C1-3030 instantaneous smoke curtain system was introduced.

"Nagmashot" and other samples based on the "Shot" tank participated in all major operations and conflicts, starting from 1982-83. In general, such a technique showed itself well and coped with the tasks. Heavy armored personnel carriers showed all their advantages over equipment of a similar purpose, which has less powerful protection.

Engineering technology

In the early nineties on the platform "Nagmashot" developed a promising multi-purpose engineering machine "Puma" - the name was formed by abbreviation of the Israeli term IMR. During the development of the project, the chassis of the base tank was changed; it was improved using developments on the latest MBT projects. Otherwise, Puma was as similar as possible to previous developments. The armored cabin was again used to protect the crew, machine gun installations, various protective equipment, etc.

Nakpadon Pylon with open bow hatch. Photo

To solve engineering problems, Puma can use additional equipment of various types. EW tools are used to suppress control channels or mine explosions, mounted trawls and the Karpet remote mine clearance system with special ammunition for volumetric explosion.

Especially for special-purpose engineering units, a variant of the existing armored vehicle called the Nakpadon Pylon was developed. The design of a frontal reservation differs from the basic sample of such an armored personnel carrier. The right side of the forehead in front of the driver's seat remained the same, while the left became a large liftable hatch. Using this hatch, the crew gets more convenient access to objects in front of the machine, which simplifies the solution of engineering problems.

Special Samples

A chassis with tank armor can be used as a carrier of one or another equipment for solving special problems. An interesting example of this approach is the Nagmapop reconnaissance vehicle. One of its main elements is the optical-electronic complex IAI POP, which is reflected in the title.

A telescopic mast with target equipment is mounted on the roof of an armored vehicle of this type. Using a mast to a height of not less than 25-30 m, the POP or Keshet radar-optical equipment unit is raised. Inside the protected compartment are control devices for such equipment. Calculation of the Nagmapop machine monitors the surrounding area and should provide data on the targets found. The range of the complex in open space is tens of kilometers.

IRM "Puma". Wikimedia Commons Photos

According to various sources, the Nagmapop serial samples appeared at the beginning of the 2000s. Due to the special role, such a technique was not required in large quantities. Probably only a few cars were built, then distributed between different parts of the IDF.

Economical approach

AOI received the first Centurion / Shot tanks at the very end of the fifties. The last batch of British technology arrived at 1973. In total, approx. 1100 armored vehicles in the original configuration. Tanks had to participate in all the major conflicts of that time; their opponents were mainly Soviet-made armored vehicles.

By the beginning of the eighties, the Shot tanks of all major modifications had become obsolete. This problem was solved by repair and modernization, but in the long term, such equipment would have to be abandoned. It was then that the idea of ​​rebuilding tanks into the equipment of other classes appeared - first of all, into heavy armored personnel carriers.

Reconnaissance vehicle "Nagmapop". Figure from the parts catalog, AOI

In the new role, the outdated chassis proved to be the best. The Centurion’s defense was inadequate in the fight against tanks, but it allowed a sharp increase in infantry safety. In addition, there was an opportunity to save on purchases of completely new equipment.

Using this approach, since the beginning of the eighties, Israel has created a number of armored vehicles for various purposes. At first, the BTR and other vehicles were built on the basis of the Shot tank, and almost simultaneously with them appeared equipment based on the captured T-55. In the past decade, modern Israeli-made tanks have become the basis for similar designs.

According to various sources, now in the AOI fleet there are several hundred heavy armored personnel carriers and similar vehicles of other types. At the end of the last decade, a new BTR "Namer" was built, built on the chassis of the Merkava tank. Due to mass production, he soon became the main example of his class in the army. Nevertheless, the operation of older machines based on the Shota is still ongoing. Apparently, they will be used until the final development of the resource.

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  1. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 29 August 2019 06: 54
    PUMA will for a long time be the main machine of engineering parts. The reservists so until the end of the next decade.
    1. Civil
      Civil 29 August 2019 08: 17
      In local wars, a good topic, but not for coverage in the steppe.
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 29 August 2019 18: 01
        Quote: Civil
        In local wars, a good topic, but not for coverage in the steppe.

        split your war into sectors and get a lot of "local" wars which add up to a "big" war.
        your logic is not entirely clear.

        ps "steppe coverage" is what they do in non-local wars?
  2. Kars
    Kars 29 August 2019 07: 41
    Brutal look. In principle, the normal practice of obtaining heavy infantry fighting vehicles in the USSR would not be a hindrance in Afghanistan, especially since the chassis could also be taken from the 54 / 55. As in Israel, an askharid of trophies was done.
    1. Bodipancher
      Bodipancher 29 August 2019 09: 37
      Old tanks are generally a great platform. You can make self-propelled mortars, put the ZSU-23 on a remotely controlled module, and this is the finished Terminator. Heavy armored personnel carrier. In urban areas, irreplaceable cars would be. Moreover, without special capital expenditures, it will be clearly faster than expecting new projects.
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 29 August 2019 11: 25
        The cars are old, the problems are also old.
      2. Per se.
        Per se. 29 August 2019 11: 52
        Quote: Bodypuncher
        Old tanks are generally a great platform.
        Yes, T-72 stocks would come in handy. A variety of combat vehicles have long been manufactured on the basis of the T-72 - the MTU-72 bridge-laying machine, the TOS-1 Buratino flamethrower system, the IMR-3M demolition vehicle, the Berloga radio and chemical reconnaissance vehicle, the BREM-1 evacuation and recovery vehicle BMR-3M mine clearing vehicle, BMO-T flamethrower fighting vehicle, a tank support combat vehicle (BMPT), 152 mm self-propelled guns "Msta-S" were created. This is the most successful platform, technological, well-proven, relatively cheap.

        A successful and well-developed base was used in other countries of the former Warsaw Pact, and not only, for example, in South Africa, the ZA-72 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun was created on the T-35 chassis, but by the French company GIAT 155 mm SAU.
        BMPT in conjunction with a heavy armored personnel carrier (for example, a modified BMO-T) and there will be a tandem BMP, divided by specialization in fire support and transport functions, on a single tank base.
      3. Po-tzan
        Po-tzan 22 January 2020 18: 32
        was the same BTR-T
    2. Zeev Zeev
      Zeev Zeev 29 August 2019 12: 07
  3. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 29 August 2019 14: 47
    I saw a cougar. There are a lot of Akhzarites. Centurions saw already withdrawn from the army. But they were still being repaired by technicians and supported.
    The armored personnel carrier on the basis of Centurion did not see.
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 29 August 2019 17: 24
      Alexei, what about the weapons for self-defense? Or, except for personal weapons, nothing was put on the car? ??
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 29 August 2019 18: 06
        They put a couple of machine guns.
  4. Saxahorse
    Saxahorse 29 August 2019 22: 16
    So I remember "I blinded him from what was" (c) laughing

    An armored personnel carrier from an old tank is of course so-so, but since the chassis is free, then why not adapt it to something useful. And obviously there will be more benefit from all kinds of engineering vehicles; the layout of the tank is inconvenient for landing. Except for the BTR Namer of course. But this monster will enter anyone into thoughtfulness with one of its own weight.
    1. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 30 August 2019 07: 56
      Quote: Saxahorse
      An armored personnel carrier from an old tank is of course so-so, but since the chassis is free, then why not adapt it to something useful.

      Well, the Arabs didn’t push the tanks into the parking lot themselves. it was necessary to politely quote and motivate
  5. Cats
    Cats 30 August 2019 15: 20
    It is strange that in Israel, on the basis of old tanks, they did not create their own analogue of BMPT (or BMOP - as you like). By and large, for a long time it was already possible to make several types of combat modules, for similar equipment, with different composition of weapons, and run in real combat conditions.
  6. kplayer
    kplayer 2 September 2019 05: 03
    It is originally in fur. parts of the IDF are something engineer-sapper or reconnaissance patrol (engineer squad and patrol-patrol group with optoelectronic or radio technical reconnaissance units), not for the infantry squad. IMHO.
  7. sh3roman
    sh3roman 8 September 2019 18: 20
    Jews, well done, they consider their soldiers to be people, and not like ours, consumables
  8. aleksandaravin
    aleksandaravin 12 September 2019 11: 44
    Basically this Recycling Old and Trophy Tanks IDF! It was actively used, and used in Hamas and FATHland! Against Hezbollah no way - burn, sir!