Military Review

Advantages and disadvantages of “Kleshch-G” mine layer

11
At the end of June, at the Army-2019 forum, NPK Uralvagonzavod presented for the first time three promising universal mine loaders developed as part of the Kleshch-G experimental design work. In the future, such equipment may come into service with engineering units and simplify the installation of minefields. The real future of the proposed vehicles is still unknown, but it is already possible to evaluate them and determine their value for the troops.



Heavy obstacle UMP-G. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com


Family "Tick-G"


The goal of the Kleshch-G development center was to create the appearance of a promising universal mine layer (UMZ) as a whole, as well as to study its individual elements. Using the created solutions, we developed three versions of remote mining machines based on different chassis and with some differences in capabilities.

The largest representative of the new family is the UMP-G armored car. It is built on nodes tanks T-72 and T-90 and differs from other samples in large mass and size. UMZ-G mounted nine launchers for 270 universal mine cassettes. The mass of such a trap is 43,5 tons, mobility remained at the level of the main tanks.

The middle layer is designated as UMZ-K and is built on the basis of an armored car with a three-axle chassis "Asteys-70202-0000310". Such a machine with a curb weight of 18,7 t carries six units with 180 cassettes. In terms of mobility, UMZ-K is comparable to trucks.

The lightest example of the Kleshch-G development center is the UMZ-T machine. It was built on a two-axle chassis "Typhoon-Airborne" and equipped with two launchers with ammunition from 60 cartridges. The curb weight is less than 14,5 t. Driveability remains at the standard.


The average UMZ-K trap. Photo NPK Uralvagonzavod / t-digest.ru


UMZ "Kleshch-G" is intended for the installation of mines of loose air, incl. on the path of the enemy troops. Through the use of universal cartridges, they can use mines of different types and for different purposes. A common feature of all samples is the use of modern controls that provide work with mines. With the help of on-board communications, the trap is included in the Unified Tactical Link Management System. Through it, the reception of commands for mining and the sending of the barrier form to the command is carried out.

Unification Benefits


As part of the Kleshch-G development center, a set of tools and instruments for mining was developed, suitable for use on different chassis. The creation of such a unified kit can be considered the main advantage of the project. The customer is given the opportunity to select the desired chassis and place on it the optimal set of systems from the Kleshch-G kit. A similar project potential has already been shown with the help of three UMPs on different chassis. In the future, new models of this kind may appear, again demonstrating the benefits of unification.

It should also be noted that the launchers of the new barriers are as similar as possible to the equipment of older vehicles. Compatibility with existing cassettes of remote mining systems is maintained. Thus, the re-equipment of engineering parts will not lead to problems in the production and supply of ammunition.

Two of the three prototypes shown are built on existing chassis with minimal refinement. The third chassis is newly developed, but makes the most of the components and assemblies of serial tanks. It is only a question of the production equipment of new models, which in the future should ensure the unification of army vehicles for various purposes.

Performance Characteristics


UMZ of the Kleshch-G line receive unified launchers with 30 cells for each cartridge. The unit is equipped with an electric start-up control system and programmers for entering data into fuses min. Preparation and firing of mines are controlled from the operator's console.


UMP-T based on the Typhoon-Airborne armored car. Photo NPK Uralvagonzavod / t-digest.ru


The installation is capable of firing the contents of the cassettes one at a time, in series or in one gulp. The emission of mines is ensured at a distance of at least 40 m. The presented UMPs set mines in the rear hemisphere, both in the traffic lane and on either side of it. With universal containers, mines of different types are used. Volley volumes, minefield sizes, etc. depend on the model of the mine.

On-board equipment provides launch control, as well as collects data on mining and prepares an electronic minefield form. This information is automatically sent to the command.

From the point of view of the principles of operation and the main characteristics of mining, the Kleshch-G product does not differ much from the UMZ production choke on the ZiL-131 chassis. Advantages over the older model are provided by new chassis, control systems and other components. In addition, it is necessary to note the difference in the age of the samples and the use of modern technology in the Kleshch-G project.

Side effect


Two of the three barriers of the new family are based on the already known armored cars. The third sample, UMP-G, was made on the basis of the original tracked chassis, which is based on developments in MBT. This model of equipment presented by NPK Uralvagonzavod may also be of interest in isolation from Kleshch-G development center.


Launchers on the UMZ-G trap. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com


Based on the tank chassis, a multi-purpose armored platform was built, suitable for the installation of various means and systems. The power units and chassis of the tanks probably did not undergo drastic changes. At the same time, they used a new building with Br4 level protection that can withstand shelling from an automatic machine using armor-piercing bullets. The resulting machine has a large cargo area with perimeter protection and is distinguished by a certain carrying capacity margin while maintaining tank mobility.

Such a tracked armored vehicle can be used not only as a UMP. On its basis, you can build a protected vehicle for personnel, commanders or the wounded, and also use it to install the necessary equipment - from radio stations to various weapons. The relatively high performance characteristics of such samples will again be supplemented by the advantages of unification.

Fly in the Ointment


However, the shown results of the Kleshch-G development center have not only pluses. You can find reasons for criticism, affecting all the main components of the demonstrated technology. It is curious that such disadvantages of cars turn out to be the “reverse side” of their obvious advantages.

The unification of the ammunition used by existing means of remote mining leads to the absence of a significant increase in performance. Advantages over serial UMP with six launchers have only the UMZ-G tracked vehicle carrying 270 cartridges with mines. UMZ-K, according to its ammunition capacity, is comparable to the old model, and UMP-T is inferior to it.


UMZ universal minefields during exercises. Photo Russianarms.ru


Operated UMPs are built on a well-developed automobile chassis, while Kleshch-G development center offers equipment based on new platforms, including those that have not yet reached serial production. Armored vehicles "Typhoon-Airborne Forces" and "Asteis" have not yet received wide distribution in our army, and the base for UMP-G is still under testing. As a result, the early introduction of new barriers may lead to the de-standardization of the fleet of engineering troops. The positive consequences of using such chassis will only appear in the distant future, when the proportion of modern cars increases.

Anticipated future


Presented at the end of June, three types of universal mine loaders have pros and cons. They cannot be called ideal, but they are not a failure. In the proposed form, such a technique may be of interest to the troops, but the need for certain modifications cannot be ruled out.

Available information about the Kleshch-G development center suggests that work on the new UMP is not yet completed, and the equipment is not ready for commissioning. It is possible that in the course of further development various changes of various scales will be introduced into the project. Probably the improvement of all the main components of the equipment and its equipment, aimed at getting rid of existing shortcomings.

In the medium term, Klesch-G family barriers will be able to enter state trials that show their real potential and compliance with army requirements. If the checks are successful, the armament of the engineering troops will receive new models of remote mining systems with a number of characteristic advantages.
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  1. Grits
    Grits 22 August 2019 05: 19
    -5
    Anyway, when it was necessary to start.
    1. YOUR
      YOUR 22 August 2019 06: 37
      +2
      What does it mean to start? Mines in the army have always been. It was GMZ-Z, I-52. Yes, in the last photo, an old UMZ-3 mine layer. All their difference is only in the chassis. And so are the same devices for shooting mines. I don’t know, helicopter loaders were removed from service, but there were such. There are rockets for Grad, Tornado with mine cassettes.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 22 August 2019 07: 32
        +3
        Quote: YOUR
        What does it mean to start?

        Begin to put Soviet development on an adequate chassis.
        Speaking of ZIL-131, which are being actively withdrawn from the troops, it is impossible to talk about unification. Rather the opposite

        Quote: YOUR
        And so are the same devices for shooting mines.

        The devices are different. Mine cartridges are the same. For devices starting with the portable mining kit PKM-1, which can already be used at the platoon level, ending with the helicopter VSM-1

        Quote: YOUR
        I don’t know, helicopter loaders were removed from service

        They didn't take it off. Even the old VMP-2s are in service (mine spreaders) And they are trained to use https://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/[email protected]
        (Helicopters of the Central Military District work out air mining of tank dangerous directions)

        Quote: YOUR
        There are rockets for Grad, Tornado with mine cassettes.

        But there are none. Remote mining artillery ammunition unified with dist. mining only for mines used. Cassettes are different.
  2. garri-lin
    garri-lin 22 August 2019 12: 05
    +1
    And minus flew shoals. It's a shame that an ignorant person seeing a minus under a competent comment will perceive it as a fraud and will be misleading.
  3. infantryman2020
    infantryman2020 22 August 2019 13: 26
    0
    Nobody wants to start counting money.
    A modernized MT-LB as a base would be a great solution. And there would be no problems with unification.
    But on this option you won’t earn, yes ...
    1. SKS_PRO
      SKS_PRO 22 August 2019 14: 10
      0
      And at what MT-LB factories are currently being produced?
      1. infantryman2020
        infantryman2020 23 August 2019 07: 27
        0
        They do not need to be produced. The park is huge. It is enough to start restoration repair with modernization.
  4. Vovanya
    Vovanya 22 August 2019 14: 35
    +1
    Again, the same rake as at the GMZ. The purpose of such vehicles, basically, is a mobile detachment of obstacles, which should be in the positional area, and all vehicles in anticipation should be camouflaged with nets, and, upon a signal, quickly go to the planned mining lines. But ... take off the mask. a network from a car, which has everything that can be sticking up, especially in the rain, when the mask. the network is too heavy, it won't work quickly. And to camouflage or charge the cassettes, you also need to pull on or remove the net. Therefore, I expect deep "gratitude" from the crews to the developers.
  5. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 22 August 2019 18: 00
    0
    It is not clear about UMP-G: it seems there is an armored board, but it does not completely cover the launcher, resp. almost useless.

    Or remove it, then the tank base is not needed, MTLB is enough, or build up the side, making it possible to set up barriers under enemy fire. Although the enemy will probably not shoot at the barrage from machine guns ...
  6. cat Rusich
    cat Rusich 22 August 2019 23: 11
    0
    I can only express my personal opinion. Mine layers, if possible, should be made on such a "base" that can be easily disguised (made up) to resemble conventional cargo vehicles. An example of an UMP is to cover it with an ordinary awning, so that from the side it looks like an ordinary truck. Perhaps the launcher for cassettes can fit completely in the MT-LB case ... hi
  7. Private-K
    Private-K 24 August 2019 09: 21
    0
    SW Ryabov! You were very verbose, but managed not to highlight the main details.
    1. All of these base machines are armored! That is, their operators have at least some combat stability from artillery fire and riflemen. Among them, the UMP at the tank base has the best indicators of protection - it is not afraid of even close explosions of 152-mm PA shells.
    And here it should be pointed out that taking into account the characteristic Soviet-Russian tactics for engineering tools for the quick installation of MP (POS created at all levels), the security parameter is a rather important factor.
    2. The main thing in UMP is not the base, but itself a container with mines and a set of controls (including cartographic electronic fixation of the parameters of the installed minefield). No one and nothing interferes with installing these containers and controls on any other, suitable for carrying capacity and satisfying passability of the base chassis. (For example, I would like to see UMP on the chassis of the BMP-3 - 6 containers should fit in.)