Military Review

The response of the Northern Fleet to the construction of the Globus III radar was not long in coming. What is happening near Vardø?

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Confirmed in May 2019 information about the start of work on the construction of the antenna post of the radar of the Missile Attack Warning System Globus III and updating the element base of the similar AN / FPS-129 radar “Have Stare” (“Globus II”) in the Norwegian fishing village of Vardø met with quite justified and harsh rhetoric in the Russian Foreign Ministry.




The deployment and updating of the element base of the Have Stare family of radars on the island of Vardø poses a number of strategic threats to the Russian Navy and VKS


On May 23, 2019, the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, convicting Norwegian military intelligence of providing information on the strategic aerospace situation over the Arctic region recorded by the Globus II radar to the US Air Force command, announced the implementation of a number of significant countermeasures against this object, which is one of the key elements of the American missile defense system in the conventional European theater of operations. And there is nothing surprising in such belligerent pathetics, because it is well known that the radar systems of the AN / FPS-129 family, although they are not the best in terms of noise immunity, reflector parabolic antenna arrays, their peak power of 200+ kW and centimeter X-band operation determines filigree accurate determination of the effective scattering surface (EPR) of most promising means of aerospace attack of the North fleet Russian Navy and Russian Aerospace Forces undergoing full-scale tests in the stratosphere over the Barents and Kara Seas.

Let us describe the essence of the problem in a more technically sophisticated plane: Globus II / III will be able to easily determine the “radar portraits” (EPR) of the following types of tested missile weapons and aircraft:

- promising anti-aircraft missiles 9М96Е2 / DM during firing tests of the Redut naval air defense systems deployed on multipurpose frigates of the 1 rank of the Admiral Gorshkov ave. 22350;

- 3M30 Bulava-30 solid propellant ballistic missiles included in the ammunition of strategic missile submarine cruisers of the 955 class (Borey class) and undergoing regular missile tests with the launch from the Barents Sea and the destruction of the Kura target range in Kamchatka;

- supersonic and hypersonic anti-ship missiles 3М55 "Onyx" and 3М22 "Zircon" during firing tests with a "mixed" flight path profile, providing for the RCC to reach altitudes from 8 to 15 km on the marching portion of the path (this is the exact portion of the viewing area “Globe-2” and “Globe-3” radars);

- various types of promising strike reconnaissance UAVs of the Aerospace Forces of Russia, barring over the Arctic region as part of the erupted "Arctic race" between Russia, the USA, Denmark, Norway, Canada and the United Kingdom.

It is logical to assume that the definition of "radar portraits" (effective reflective surface) of the above promising types of Russian weapons will allow specialists from the US Air Force Research Laboratory to create the appropriate digital nomenclature of EPR patterns for these products to further facilitate their identification using AWACS AWACS aircraft, as well as via the AN / APG-77 / 81 airborne radars of the F-22A and F-35A fighters and NATO Joint Air Force fighter radars. Therefore, the Globus II / III radar missile launchers deployed in the vicinity of the Norwegian village of Vardø are quite capable of revealing a number of critical technologies for Russian missile weapons that are being tested in the airspace of the Arctic region. Not to mention the fact that under the radiolucent fairing of the Globe-3, there may be an order of magnitude more noise-protected AFAR radar GBR-P, capable of selecting targets even against the background of interference counteraction from the Khibiny electronic warfare systems. And this is a real threat to the national security of the Russian Federation.

The answer was not long in coming


The first serious warning to Oslo and Washington was made long before the loud statement by Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova. We are talking about the February testing of a conditional anti-radar strike on the Globus II radar, carried out by a unit of Su-24M naval front-line bombers aviation Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy. This event seriously puzzled senior representatives of the Norwegian military intelligence, including Morten Haga Lunde, the director of the agency. However, the suspension of the construction of the antenna post of the Globus III radar 50 km from the Murmansk region did not follow.

As a result, the Northern Fleet command had no choice but to take on a more weighty countermeasure, consisting in relocating the battery of the long-range coastal anti-ship complex 3K60 “Bal” to the Sredniy Peninsula, located 60 km from the Finnish Norwegian fule (province) and 65 km from Vardø. Since that moment, the operational-tactical alignment on the Kola Peninsula has undergone a number of serious changes.

Despite the subsonic flight speed in 850 — 1020 km / h and an effective scattering surface of the order of 0,1 sq. m, anti-ship missiles 3М24У (Х-35У) can be equipped with upgraded active-passive radar seeker ARGS-35 with the additionally introduced detection and “capture” mode of not only surface targets, but also radio-contrast (radio-emitting) stationary coastal objects (including radars “G” 2 / 3 ").

At the same time, the use of the ARGS-35 passive mode of operation in combination with a radio altimeter and an inertial navigation system will allow the X-35U missiles to “sneak up” to the Globes along ultra-low altitude trajectories (3-7 m above the wave crest), without revealing their own location using radio equipment NATO-based Air Force Intelligence (RTR RC-135V / W aircraft, etc.); in this case, guidance can be carried out directly on the radiation of the Globus-2 / 3 radars. More importantly, flying Uranus at extremely low altitudes will create a number of difficulties for intercepting them with the Patriot PAC-3 missile defense systems, which can be used to cover the island of Vardø, because it is well known about the “chronic disease” of AN / MPQ-53 / 65, which consists in the impossibility of "capture" targets at altitudes less than 30 m.

Of course, target designation of MIM-104F PAC-3MSE anti-missiles on our X-35 Uranus can be issued by E-3C Sentry DRLO aircraft using the Link-16 channel, but this is not all clear. Firstly, for this AWACS will have to approach the Murmansk region at a distance of 250 km (it is at such a distance that their "mushroom" AN / APY-2 radars are capable of detecting a "swarm" of X-35У anti-ship missiles). But this is bad luck: such a rapprochement is fraught for E-3B / C crews entering the affected areas of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile regiments and C-300В4 systems (250 and 350 km, respectively), as well as MiG-31BM interceptors with P-37 missiles on the suspension nodes covering the objects of the Northern Fleet. Secondly, the Link-16 network channels can be suppressed through the combined use of the Krasuha-4, Resident and Diabazole electronic warfare systems. And what can I say here, when the reflection of a conventional salvo from the 32 anti-ship missile system of the X-35U launched from the island of the Middle Division of the Bal complex, the air defense systems deployed on Vardø Island will have only 4 minutes left!
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 19 August 2019 15: 10
    +14
    They are enemies, that’s the whole story! Take on the sight and all business!
    In short, the goal of the first stage, if that!
    1. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 19 August 2019 20: 40
      +30
      Quote: rocket757
      They are enemies, that’s the whole story! Take on the sight and all business!
      In short, the goal of the first stage, if that!

      The goal is the target, "partners" and do not count on the longevity of these radars in the event of the hour "X".
      This is about taking critical data from the types of our weapons during test launches in peacetime, when you can’t just shoot like that. It remains only to suppress, although by this we also issue the parameters of our jammers ... Comrades are for us and it means something like that, our own, we must intensely place it near the US coast!
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 19 August 2019 21: 23
        +1
        Quote: Starover_Z
        This is about taking critical data from the types of our weapons during test launches in peacetime, when you can’t just shoot like that.

        There are such concerns .... fortunately, our country is large and they will not recognize anything critical without real espionage / betrayal.
      2. meGrail
        meGrail 20 August 2019 13: 13
        +13
        Hmm, the answer is true urya. I’m not reading an article, I’m just scolding it.
        But in fact - they built a radar for reconnaissance, with which they can know about the tests.
        What "We take aim at all business" ?? "In short, the goal of the first stage, if that" ???
        Sadness takes from such "commentators"
      3. Constructor68
        Constructor68 20 August 2019 16: 34
        +2
        In principle, it is possible with the help of additional reflectors to change the reflection pattern of our objects in the radio spectrum
      4. tol100v
        tol100v 20 August 2019 17: 12
        0
        Quote: Starover_Z
        and it means something similar, one’s own, must be intensely placed close to the US coast!

        We don’t know very much! Maybe it's for the best. It is not in vain that Russia has written off a big debt to Cuba! And what is behind this you can only guess! But we, accustomed to reading between the lines of editorials, can assume that everything is going the right way!
  2. K-50
    K-50 19 August 2019 15: 13
    +10
    Well, if the Norgs do not value their lives before the flag in their hands and a shroud on their neck.
    They would have watched neutrality, you look and would have lived more. Well, if they don’t want to, then they’ll meet at the top, there the devils were missing for work .. lol
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 20 August 2019 03: 59
      +3
      Quote: K-50
      Well, if the Norgs do not value their lives before the flag in their hands and a shroud on their neck.
      The same phrase can be addressed hypothetically to some Cubans or Venezuelans.
      Quote: K-50
      They would have watched neutrality, you look and would have lived more.
      But is something threatening their lives in the near future?
      1. K-50
        K-50 20 August 2019 08: 48
        -3
        Quote: Greenwood
        But is something threatening their lives in the near future?

        Any country that has deployed Ping Dos weapons on its territory and aimed at Russia essentially signs a "ticket" for itself to the next world. Because how to guess and predict when overseas clowns "blow off the roof" and they please OWN interests will start a "small victorious war" is not given to anyone. But the result will be the same - a glass desert in the territory from where we can be threatened. hi
        1. tol100v
          tol100v 20 August 2019 17: 19
          -1
          Quote: K-50
          But there will be one result - a glass desert in the territory from which they can threaten us.

          Yes addresses and appearances are known and they understand it! And they begin the next round of the arms race in the hope of once again driving Russia into a financial corner, as was the case with the USSR! But ...., this time this trick will not work! And the fakir is not the same, and the audience was cured of gullibility !!!
    2. Chaldon48
      Chaldon48 20 August 2019 14: 38
      +1
      All this during the war, and in peacetime, as ours did not frighten them, the principle: "Vaska listens and eats" will work.
      1. Vlad.by
        Vlad.by 21 August 2019 11: 25
        0
        Come on you! EW has not been canceled. We will train to hammer in obstacles, and they will rebuild from them.
        And the trials will take their course. They will not remove anything critical in interference.
  3. d1975
    d1975 19 August 2019 15: 16
    0
    Well, this is finally the asymmetric answer! Keep it up, it's time to move on from words to deeds. hi
  4. Amateur
    Amateur 19 August 2019 15: 34
    +1
    Everything is clear about the radar. Does he have any object-based air defense / missile defense?
    And what can I say here when the reflection of a conventional salvo of 32 X-35U anti-ship missiles launched from the island of the Middle Division of the Bal complex has only 4 minutes of air defense deployed on Vardø Island!

    And where will they be launched? By radar? For other purposes?
    In general, there are many numbers as always ...
  5. EnGenius
    EnGenius 19 August 2019 16: 09
    +6
    It’s easier to put a MLRS or Iskander at the border to hit the radar. And the X-35 attack option will remain standby and less effective.
    1. Alexey Almaatinets
      Alexey Almaatinets 20 August 2019 15: 52
      +4
      It’s simpler: cover with a line of self-propelled guns “Coalition” - firing range up to 80 km. Whatever air defense system the radar protects, it will not intercept shells, and it will not be lured into radar traps.
  6. We_smart
    We_smart 19 August 2019 16: 11
    +16
    to reveal a number of critical technologies of domestic missile weapons being tested in the airspace of the Arctic region


    So what is the result of the counteraction?
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 19 August 2019 16: 44
      +2
      As usual nothing but varnishing
    2. Old tanker
      Old tanker 19 August 2019 17: 40
      +7
      It'S Nothing!
      Once again, they stupidly threatened with a fist and all.
    3. Antokha
      Antokha 20 August 2019 12: 18
      +6
      Yes, what is still to be done with scanning the radio portraits of our planes and missiles, which the author said at the beginning? After all, it will occur in peacetime, and not when we can destroy the radar.
  7. Thrifty
    Thrifty 19 August 2019 16: 31
    +2
    They are surrounding Russia more and more! It is necessary to "torment" these radars of the Norwegians by irradiating them with microwave radiation, so that NATO members would not have a calm life.
  8. Military Specialist
    Military Specialist 19 August 2019 16: 47
    +11
    The Globus-type radar (Vardø) together with the AN / FPS-108 Cobra Dane (Shemiya Island) radar form a closed observation route for the test and planned launches of our ICBMs (SLBMs). The Globes control the ascending sections of the trajectory, while the Cobra controls the middle and descending, including the entry of payloads into the atmosphere. However, tests of real new combat equipment are carried out along the internal route and are not accessible by these radars. But in general, the dynamics of missile launch, stage separation and payload separation can be studied.
    1. Petrol cutter
      Petrol cutter 19 August 2019 20: 09
      0
      Honestly, I didn’t understand anything. Do we have an answer to Chamberlain or not?!. If in short ...
  9. Undecim
    Undecim 19 August 2019 17: 09
    +26
    Deputy Politician Damantsev in his style. A lot of words, a lot of pathos, a minimum of content.
    The only thing that the author forgot was to tell the readers, how are they going to oppose the work of the Norwegian radars? Because "the redeployment of the battery of the long-range coastal anti-ship complex 3K60" Ball "to the Sredny peninsula" cannot affect the operation of the Norwegian radar in any way due to the absence of a state of war between Norway and Russia. That is, the Norwegians will calmly define “radar portraits,” and the Northern Fleet will threaten them with a fist in the form of “the 3K60 Ball anti-ship complex on the Sredniy Peninsula.” And what, the Norwegians will get scared and turn off the radars?
    1. cormorant
      cormorant 19 August 2019 18: 55
      +5
      And why not put something powerful from electronic warfare on the Rybachy Peninsula. Is there really nothing suitable to disable electronics for them. Do not actually bomb them.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 19 August 2019 19: 33
        +11
        On what basis will you disable the radar of a foreign state?
        Officially, "Globes" are designed to monitor space objects and collect scientific information and have nothing to do with the American missile defense system.
        There is no documentary (I emphasize - documentary) evidence that the Globes are used to track objects on the territory of Russia.
        That is, putting the Globe out of action is formally an act of international aggression.
        1. cormorant
          cormorant 19 August 2019 20: 18
          +12
          Well, after all, no one bothers to put a similar-looking "peaceful" station, which will officially monitor the signals of deep space. And the fact that it creates the strongest interference with the "Globes", well, it's the features of the equipment. Even the penguins will not know what is hidden under the domes.
        2. DenZ
          DenZ 19 August 2019 21: 28
          -1
          Quote: Undecim
          There is no documentary (I emphasize - documentary) evidence that the Globes are used to track objects on the territory of Russia.
          Is it possible to document the fact that the Glossy irradiated our aircraft missiles and other things, is it technically impossible? I think that this can be done if you want.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 19 August 2019 21: 46
            +4
            The first "Globus" was built in the 1950s. Do you think that you haven't wanted to?
  10. Old tanker
    Old tanker 19 August 2019 17: 38
    +20
    I do not understand the author’s enthusiasm?
    In peacetime, as the portraits of our IOS and BR were reading, they will continue to read them, and even with an additional radar. After all, we are not going to start a war by destroying these radars in one gulp of “Points”. fool
    So moving the battery of this complex to s, it's just our bunch in a puddle. request
  11. Ingenegr
    Ingenegr 19 August 2019 17: 45
    +4
    The style subtly resembles Tom Clancy with his artistic inferences. It seems interesting, but the feeling of a kind of "attraction" does not leave.
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 20 August 2019 04: 01
      +1
      The author apparently wanted to fight.
  12. E.S.
    E.S. 19 August 2019 18: 11
    -4
    It is good that the enemy radar in the range of not only the Kyrgyz Republic MD, but even large-caliber MLRS. It follows that if something happens, the radar will break long before it gives out the target’s route for interception.
    And the fact that he will look after everything that happens is not very good. But the good thing is that the radar is stationary and, again, close, then the peepers can see a lot of things that actually do not exist
  13. Old26
    Old26 19 August 2019 18: 57
    +4
    Two phrases
    on the commencement of work on the construction of the antenna post of the radar of the Globus III missile attack warning system and updating of the element base of the similar radar AN / FPS-129 “Have Stare” (“Globus II”)

    и
    3M30 Bulava-30 solid-fuel ballistic missiles included in the ammunition of strategic missile submarine cruisers, pr. 955 (Borey class) and undergoing regular throwing trials with the launch from the Barents Sea and the defeat of the Kura target range in Kamchatka;

    was enough not to read further and the author of the article became clear

    Quote: Kronos
    As usual nothing but varnishing

    good

    Quote: E.S.
    It is good that the enemy radar in the range of not only the Kyrgyz Republic MD, but even large-caliber MLRS. It follows that if something happens, the radar will break long before it gives out the target’s route for interception.

    This is not a firing radar. so they won’t be able to give anything to anyone
  14. Rostislav
    Rostislav 19 August 2019 19: 06
    +7
    There, it is not the battery that needs to be relocated, but the jamming station is more powerful.
  15. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 19 August 2019 20: 02
    0
    Upon reading the article I, an amateur in these matters, had the following impression. The enemy does not sleep, but at the same time we do not sleep.
  16. eaglet
    eaglet 19 August 2019 21: 14
    -2
    Damantsev's style is visible almost from the first paragraph ... in my opinion, the article is about nothing, intelligence how it worked and will work ... the curses are spying on - we hide it and vice versa ... it's just a pity that on VO, more and more articles do not neither "practical" nor theoretical sense ... boring and sad ...
    1. vik669
      vik669 20 August 2019 00: 10
      +1
      Damantsev's style is visible practically from the first paragraph - he writes "murzilki" for himself like readers!
  17. bmv04636
    bmv04636 19 August 2019 21: 28
    -6
    Oh another great target for a dagger
  18. Georgievic
    Georgievic 19 August 2019 21: 49
    0
    The Jews would have spoiled without any doubts and all that business! And here - democracy (liberalism)!
    1. Al Asad
      Al Asad 20 August 2019 00: 30
      0
      I would look at the Jews, who are uncovering something in the territory of a state bound by a collective security treaty.
      If Syria lying in ruins is bombed periodically with the tacit consent of Russia (such as an ally of Syria, if that) then this does not mean anything
      Israeli Air Force Twitter would only remain on Twitter and on exercises
      1. Antokha
        Antokha 20 August 2019 12: 22
        0
        And every time Jews say that they bomb only Iranians, and those from Lebanon.
  19. Doctor
    Doctor 19 August 2019 22: 36
    +1
    Slowly getting involved in a new race.
  20. Old26
    Old26 19 August 2019 23: 59
    +4
    Quote: Georgievic
    The Jews would have spoiled without any doubts and all that business! And here - democracy (liberalism)!

    Even the Jews do not hedge anything on the territory of other countries, especially without explanation, if they are not at war with this country.
    Is Russia at war with Norway? So on the basis of what it is possible to strike a radar station, even if it is engaged in reconnaissance in Russia?
    Following this logic, NATO may without reason to gouge our station Voronezh in the Kaliningrad region

    Quote: Rostislav
    There, it is not the battery that needs to be relocated, but the jamming station is more powerful.

    You will have to score a two hundred kilowatt station ...

    Quote: Benzorez
    Upon reading the article I, an amateur in these matters, had the following impression. The enemy does not sleep, but at the same time we do not sleep.

    So it was, is and will be. But only in the VO usually there are requirements to strike at such objects. However, no one thinks about the second side of the coin. About our such stations.

    Quote: bmv04636
    Oh another great target for a dagger

    Why not for the "Voevoda"?
  21. vik669
    vik669 20 August 2019 00: 07
    0
    Oh, these tales, oh, these storytellers!
  22. Normal ok
    Normal ok 20 August 2019 02: 52
    +5
    From the article:
    As a result, the Northern Fleet command had no other choice but to go on to implement a more weighty countermeasure consisting in relocating the battery of the long-range coastal anti-ship complex 3K60 "Bal" to the Sredniy Peninsula,

    Well, what is the "weight of measure" here? Globus will work constantly, even in peacetime. Ball missiles can only be used in the military.
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 August 2019 06: 55
      +1
      Quote: Normal ok
      Globus will work constantly, even in peacetime. Ball missiles can only be used in the military.

      Yes, yes ... but will that "Globe" work in wartime, after the use of "Ball"
  23. Shteffan
    Shteffan 20 August 2019 05: 08
    +2
    Why should I build a nearby jammer with a peak 200 + kW and turn it on during testing?
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 August 2019 06: 57
      +1
      Quote: Steffan
      Why should I build a nearby jammer with a peak 200 + kW and turn it on during testing?

      Specially - no, but to use the "Chinese experience" and establish that something similar in a couple of coastal "collective farms", "to ensure their national economic activities" you can try
  24. minus
    minus 20 August 2019 07: 47
    +2
    * It is logical to assume that the definition of "radar portraits" (effective reflective surface) of the above promising types of Russian weapons will allow specialists from the US Air Force Research Laboratory to create an appropriate digital nomenclature of EPR patterns for these products to further facilitate .... * And what prevents you from changing the EPR during testing ??? To put the same fresnel lenses or paint perfectly reflective ???? Stanno ..... And use flight profiles that do not correspond to real ones in military products ...
  25. meandr51
    meandr51 20 August 2019 11: 49
    +2
    It is enough to pay for the massive demonstrations of the "green" and "myzamir". In parallel, no one bothers to arrange a small short circuit in the right place of the radar circuit. The fire will write off everything. The cheapest and most adequate answer.
  26. Antokha
    Antokha 20 August 2019 12: 24
    +2
    The Americans have economic measures, we also need to learn to apply sanctions against the weaknesses of any country.
  27. Ttht
    Ttht 20 August 2019 23: 08
    -1
    I’m just terribly interested in what the person who made such decisions in Norway, Poland, and other Baltic states was hoping / hoping for ...
    This is to release on the offensive, forward the tank column, the bus and hope that it will survive, after the first salvo ....
    That's where citizens rallies raise time !!! That's where people are considered consumables !!!
  28. Dedok
    Dedok 21 August 2019 09: 58
    0
    and to put electronic warfare equipment directly along the border, so that "everyone would be good" - is someone forbidden to us?
    or do we not have them?
    or will these radars also scan electronic warfare?
  29. Tolik_74
    Tolik_74 21 August 2019 11: 01
    0
    Something like this needs to be installed at 50 km from Fashishton, then mattress pendotki from Natasha sang in a different way
  30. Spambox
    Spambox 21 August 2019 15: 43
    0
    I guessed the author of the article on the first 3 notes, oh no paragraphs))) the article is interesting but there are too many TTX listings, this kills the whole process of absorbing information, but + put
  31. Romanist
    Romanist 21 August 2019 18: 35
    0
    So you need to drive false samples under the enemy radar. Let the false signatures be removed. For one, you can work out mechanisms to counter their radar. In war, cunning is no less important than naked power
  32. Oleg133
    Oleg133 23 August 2019 15: 40
    0
    Quote: Tol100v
    It is not in vain that Russia has written off a big debt to Cuba! And what is behind this you can only guess!

    Behind this is the usual Soviet-Russian: "At least someone - just not Russian."
    And there are countless examples.