Military Review

In the United States are preparing a new Shuttle. Spaceplane Dream Chaser

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Today in the United States, work is underway to create new spacecraft. Several private companies are implementing their own projects in this area at once. On 14 on August 2019 of the year, Sierra Nevada Corporation published an official press release according to which the company’s cargo space shuttle will go into space for the first time in 2021. It is planned to use the Vulcan launch vehicle as a launch vehicle. The main difference between the new Dream Chaser spacecraft from the Shuttle and the Soviet Buran will be folding wings, which will launch the spacecraft inside the head fairing of the launch vehicle.




Initially, the new Dream Chaser spacecraft was developed in a manned version. With the help of the shuttle, the Americans expected to deliver their astronauts aboard the ISS. But after the accident in the first flight in 2013 in September of next year, the project did not receive the necessary funding from NASA, falling out of the number of participants in the Commercial Crew Program, contracts for which went to SpaceX and Boeing, which offered their options for manned spacecraft Dragon V2 and CST- 100 Starliner respectively. After that, Sierra Nevada Corporation decided to switch to creating a transport version of the shuttle. It was in this capacity that the company was one of the three winners of the competition for the second phase of the supply of the ISS Commercial Crew Program 2. Within the framework of this program, Dream Chaser space planes will carry out six flights to the International Space Station by 2024.

There is no doubt that Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) is implementing its project. Today, SNC, founded back in 1963, is one of the three most innovative US space companies. In addition, SNC is well established in the market of civilian, military and commercial solutions and is a top-level supplier for the US Air Force, as well as one of the fastest growing companies in America.

Sierra Nevada Corporation has found a replacement for the Atlas 5 rocket with Russian RD-180 engines


According to a published press release, representatives of the American company Sierra Nevada Corporation decided on a launch rocket that will be used for the first six launches of the space shuttle Dream Chaser (Eng. “Dream Runner”) aboard the International Space Station. The cargo spacecraft will be launched using the Vulcan rocket, which is being developed by another American company, the United Launch Alliance (ULA). At the same time, SNC emphasizes that a wide range of conventional missiles that are already on the market can be used to launch a transport spacecraft. For example, the Atlas 5 rocket, on which the Russian RD-180 engine is installed, was previously considered a possible carrier.


Spacecraft Dream Chaser and Vulcan booster


SNC notes that they opted for ULA because of their close cooperation in the implementation of the Dream Chaser space project, and also because of the reputation that the United Launch Alliance has in particular in the field of flight safety and punctuality of launches. ULA is a joint space enterprise owned by two giants of American industry - Boeing and Lockheed Martin. The combined legacy of these corporations in aircraft and space exploration is enormous. ULA, which was established in December 2006, boasts the successful launch of more than 130 satellites, which provide global communications, observation of the Earth’s surface, and solve various scientific problems.

ULA uses three main types of launch vehicles to launch various payloads into space: Atlas-5, Delta-2 and Delta-4. Moreover, both of these families of rockets have been used by Americans for more than half a century. In this regard, the Vulcan heavy-duty carrier rocket will replace the Atlas-5 rocket. Work on the successor of the Atlas rocket, the first stage of which a Russian-made RD-180 engine is installed, has been underway in the United States since 2014. A new missile project is being created as part of public-private partnerships. According to plans, the first flight of the new Vulcan launch vehicle should take place in April 2021 of the year. In the new rocket, fundamentally new American-made engines will be at the first stage, we are talking about BE-4 methane-oxygen engines. It is the use of liquefied natural gas (methane) instead of kerosene as fuel that is an innovative feature of this rocket engine.

It is already known that the new American Vulcan launch vehicle will be two-stage. To launch heavy loads into orbit, the rocket configuration allows the installation of up to 6 solid-state side accelerators. It is expected that the most load-carrying version of the Vulcan rocket will be able to deliver payloads weighing up to 34,9 tons into orbit. At the same time, a version of the launch vehicle with 4 solid-fuel boosters, two engines located in the second stage and a five-meter head fairing will be used to send the Dream Chaser spacecraft into space.



Spacecraft Dream Chaser and its features


If the new American rocket is still at the design and creation stage of the first flight model, which will not be launched earlier than 2021, the work on the Dream Chaser spaceship has advanced much further. A new spacecraft from SNC engineers has long been in the testing phase. The first flight tests of the novelty began in the 2013 year, though the very first flight ended in disrepair for the device. When landing, the nose landing gear did not come out, and the spaceplane was seriously damaged. As a result, the first successful landing of the spacecraft at the airfield took place only at the end of the 2017 year.

According to the project, Dream Chaser is a spacecraft returned to Earth, made according to the space plan. When creating a new multipurpose space transport vehicle, the developers used design solutions that were previously implemented in the design of the American spacecraft HL-20 and a large series of its predecessors, including X-20 Dyna-Сор, Northrop M2-F2, Northrop M2-F3, Northrop HL-10, Martin X-24A and X-24B, the first of which began to be tested back in the 60 years of the last century. Initially, it was planned to create a manned version of the ship, designed to deliver 2-7 astronauts and cargo into orbit, but at the moment, work is underway on an unmanned version of the shuttle in the cargo version.

The new ship will provide the ability to deliver goods to low Earth orbit and the subsequent return home. Unlike other spaceships that land in a parachute fashion, the new spacecraft will land in an airplane on the runway. It is planned that all six shuttles launched under the CRS-2 program will land at the Kennedy Space Center on the strip that was built to land the previous Space Shuttle.



The new American space shuttle Dream Chaser will be able to deliver up to 5500 kg of various cargoes onboard the ISS, as well as return approximately 1750 kg of payload back to Earth. Due to the ability to land on the runway, and not at sea, the goods delivered to Earth from the spacecraft can be unloaded very quickly. This is especially important for various scientific programs and is especially useful when conducting biological experiments. Structurally, the shuttle will consist of two parts: the spacecraft itself and the additional auxiliary cargo module docked with it, which will be located in the aft part of the device. A distinctive feature of the Dream Chaser will be folding wings. Such a technical solution is necessary in order to place the ship inside the head fairing of the rocket, whose diameter does not exceed 5 meters. This method of launching the ship into orbit distinguishes the new spaceplane from its American predecessor, the Space Shuttle and the Soviet Buran.

It is worth noting that in the Soviet Union a spacecraft similar in design and launch method was developed, known as the BOR-4 (unmanned orbital rocket plane) or Cosmos-1374. It was an experimental unmanned spacecraft, which was a scaled-down (approximately 1: 2) copy of the Spiral orbital aircraft. In the USSR, from 1982 to 1984, 6 successful launches of this spacecraft were carried out, in which the ship was launched into various orbits up to 225 km high. The device, which is modest in size, like the modern American Dream Chaser spacecraft, was launched into orbit inside the head fairing of the launch vehicle. Tests and experiments carried out in the USSR as part of the BOR-4 program made it possible to finally solve all the existing problems of thermal protection of the "main star" of the Soviet space program - the Buran orbital rocket-launching ship.
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  1. Greenwood
    Greenwood 19 August 2019 05: 21
    +2
    in the Soviet Union, a spacecraft similar in construction and launch method was developed, known as the BOR-4 (unmanned orbital rocket plane) or Cosmos-1374. It was an experimental unmanned spacecraft, which was a scaled-down (about 1: 2) copy of the Spiral orbital plane.
    Eh, but in the end neither BOR-4, nor "Spiral", nor "Buran". But there is a lawyer Rogozin, riding on a trampoline. crying
    1. Mestny
      Mestny 19 August 2019 10: 15
      -2
      When the communists sold the USSR no Rogozin and was not around.
      1. yehat
        yehat 19 August 2019 11: 46
        +5
        let's not confuse people with parblet and communists.
        if Chubais and Stalin are the same communists, then I definitely don’t understand something.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 19 August 2019 23: 05
          +2
          A bit crafty article: The Dream Chaser spacecraft is not a Shuttle. Shuttle flight principle is completely different. This ship flying fuel tank. У Shuttle No Booster negative So, the Americans are restoring the prototype not of the Shuttle, but of the Buran, which had its own launch vehicle - Energia! However, this comparison is also not correct! Let's compare the thrust of "Energy" and the carrier, which is "going" (and this is the key word) to deliver the Dream Chaser into orbit. Dwarf vs. Colossus! So we can judge the "achievements" of the United States 50 years ago, which were already practically in the USSR. recourse
        2. Chaldon48
          Chaldon48 6 October 2019 15: 57
          0
          In any sufficiently large community of people there will always be those who, for the time being, without showing their numbers and pretending to be social activists, will in fact pursue their narrow-interest interests. Simply put, these are hidden thieves, they have neither honor nor conscience, their whole purpose is to seize and run away.
          1. yehat
            yehat 8 October 2019 11: 08
            0
            in any society that is regulated, there are enough mechanisms that do not allow the thieves to disperse. For example, in my homeland, if someone stole without even getting caught, it still quickly became clear who was doing it. "local committees" were active and interviewed people.
      2. Blackmokona
        Blackmokona 19 August 2019 12: 41
        0
        So Rogozin was also a communist then.
        In 1988, he graduated with honors from the Economics Department of the University of Marxism-Leninism at the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU. [2]
      3. Campanella
        Campanella 23 September 2019 12: 56
        0
        You have to be objective, the Communists would never surrender to the USSR, but geeks-adaptors and leaked everything!
    2. Simargl
      Simargl 19 August 2019 18: 55
      -2
      Quote: Greenwood
      But there is a lawyer Rogozin, jumping on a trampoline.
      He is a magazine.
  2. mavrus
    mavrus 19 August 2019 06: 48
    +5
    Quote: Greenwood
    in the Soviet Union, a spacecraft similar in construction and launch method was developed, known as the BOR-4 (unmanned orbital rocket plane) or Cosmos-1374. It was an experimental unmanned spacecraft, which was a scaled-down (about 1: 2) copy of the Spiral orbital plane.
    Eh, but in the end neither BOR-4, nor "Spiral", nor "Buran". But there is a lawyer Rogozin, riding on a trampoline. crying

    And where does Rogozin? When they themselves, in the early 90s, threw all this (and not only this) into a landfill. "Democracy" wanted, so "slurp it with spoons." Do you want to destroy a new country? Forward with the "bulk-sable" to the "Russian maydaun".
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 19 August 2019 09: 58
      +6
      Quote: mavrus
      "Democracy" wanted, so "slurp it with spoons."
      I didn’t want to.
      Quote: mavrus
      Do you want to destroy a new country? Forward with the "bulk-sable" to the "Russian maydaun".
      What are you going to destroy? We already have "democracy". lol
    2. mat-vey
      mat-vey 19 August 2019 15: 57
      +3
      Just in August 1991, they classically turned the Maidan - I congratulate you on your anniversary.
  3. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 19 August 2019 07: 15
    +8
    a similar thing was being developed in the Soviet Union ...
    BOR-4
    Dream Chaser ...
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 19 August 2019 12: 39
      +3
      Vladimir, you failed to "discover America". If our media did not suffer from a propaganda bias, and our readers were capable of independently searching for information, they would know that the Americans do not even hide the Soviet roots of Dream Chaser.
      For example, take one of the world's most popular news and analytical online publications - Ars Technica.
      On January 18, 2016, the publication published an article "NASA's newest cargo spacecraft began life as a Soviet space plane" (NASA's new cargo spacecraft began life as a Soviet space plane - I am translating it literally).
      Further in the text: "Last week when NASA awarded Sierra Nevada a contract to develop its Dream Chaser vehicle for cargo delivery to the International Space Station, it validated a design that dates back half a century. This particular winged vehicle concept marked the Soviet Union's first attempt to develop a space plane and now, in an ironic twist of history, the Soviet design may help the United States to commercialize space.
      The Dream Chaser traces its heritage to the BOR series "Unmanned orbital rocket plane," or uncrewed orbital rocket plane of lifting bodies, which themselves were derived from a 1965 space plane concept, the Soviet MiG-105. The BOR-1 was first tested in 1969, launching to an altitude of 100 km as the Soviets sought to study various heat shields for a winged vehicle. "
      I won’t translate, those who are not familiar with the language of a potential adversary can use Google.
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 19 August 2019 15: 34
        +2
        And I'm not Christopher Columbus! No. And I do not pretend to other people's laurels! stop Gave only "information for thought"! fool
      2. tarakan
        tarakan 19 August 2019 15: 48
        0
        Google translator can only be read under beer in exchange for anegdotov))))
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 19 August 2019 15: 50
          0
          Google translator can only be read under beer in exchange for anecdotes
          Here, some authors write articles using this Google Guide.
        2. TANKISTONE
          TANKISTONE 24 September 2019 14: 32
          0
          Here, google translation: “Last week, when NASA signed a contract with Sierra Nevada to develop its Dream Chaser car to deliver cargo to the International Space Station, it approved a project that dates back half a century. This concept of a cruise ship marked the first attempt by the Soviet Union to develop a space plane, and now, ironically, Soviet design can help the United States commercialize space.
          Dream Chaser originates from the BOR series “Unmanned Orbital Rocket Launch”, or an orbital rocket with an uncontrolled plane of lifting bodies, which themselves were obtained from the concept of a 1965 space plane, the Soviet MiG-105. "The BOR-1 was first tested in 1969, launched at an altitude of 100 km when the Soviets sought to study various heat shields for a winged vehicle."
          Source of translation: https://www.google.de/search?q=deutsch-russisch%20%C3%BCbersetzung%20online%20kostenlos&rct=j
      3. mister-red
        mister-red 23 September 2019 13: 21
        0
        The question is that young people don’t know this, but it looks like the Americans will do a new cool ship. So that's it.
    2. tarakan
      tarakan 19 August 2019 15: 46
      +1
      Although they are "radishes" but brought to mind and launched, I swear but respect)))))
  4. arkadiyssk
    arkadiyssk 19 August 2019 07: 28
    0
    Quote: mavrus
    ...
    And where does Rogozin? When they themselves, in the early 90s, threw all this (and not only this) into a landfill. "Democracy" wanted, so "slurp it with spoons." Do you want to destroy a new country? Forward with the "bulk-sable" to the "Russian maydaun".

    And how was it not to throw in the trash? Do you understand what was happening in the cosmonautics of the USSR in 80 years and earlier? The USSR launched 100-110 missiles per year! And the United States for 15-20. Those. 150 satellites were thrown, which fell down after half a year, a year, a half and a new one. It was a crowd of snickering experimenters who quite seriously believed that it was easier to launch 4 Bohr models than to conduct some kind of research on the ground and then launch one final one. Or a Venus exploration program - just to get a chance to fly, they would launch 1 identical devices one after another every 2-2 years, in the hope that they would definitely sit down now. It was crazy spending free money, it could not fail to crash down to the ground.
    1. Vladimir16
      Vladimir16 19 August 2019 09: 09
      +3
      Quote: arkadiyssk
      Do you understand what was happening in the cosmonautics of the USSR in 80 years and earlier?

      Yes, we understand.
      First satellite.
      The first astronaut.
      The first woman in space.
      The first spacewalk.
      The first lunar rover.
      The first soil of the moon on earth.
      The first launch of a reusable ship in unmanned mode.

      Well, let me remind you that now man flies into space only with the help of Russian rockets that were born precisely in the eighties and earlier in the USSR.

      And then the greed of the communist elite devoured the country of the Soviets.
      And as a result of your admiration for mattresses and spitting in Russian people.

      Why are you on a Russian site and chatting with Russians? After all, is there an English-speaking paradise abroad? Sverbit? laughing
      1. Noose
        Noose 19 August 2019 10: 42
        +9
        And now please provide a list of achievements in space of the Russian superpower from 1992 to today
        1. yehat
          yehat 19 August 2019 11: 53
          +11
          drowned, burned the station, dropped 3 protons, 7 explosions at launch only in recent years, reduced a number of space productions from a unique elemental base to design kb. As for the scientific base, with the exception of a few narrow topics,
          most of the practical developments are at the level of the 60s
        2. tarakan
          tarakan 19 August 2019 15: 51
          0
          Unfortunately only fireworks
      2. Mestny
        Mestny 19 August 2019 11: 05
        -3
        He is not about this, but about the stupid spending of folk money.
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 19 August 2019 12: 47
          +5
          Quote: Mestny
          He is not about this, but about the stupid spending of folk money.

          And now how are they used?
          It used to be sensible, non-sensible, and the allocated money for astronautics was used in astronautics.
      3. Simargl
        Simargl 19 August 2019 19: 14
        -1
        Quote: Vladimir16
        Yes, we understand.
        First satellite.
        The first astronaut.
        The first woman in space.
        The first spacewalk.
        The first lunar rover.
        The first soil of the moon on earth.
        The first launch of a reusable ship in unmanned mode.

        So they can also fend off:
        The first photo of the planet from the suborbital launch - 1946 !!! year,
        Tread on the moon (do not like it - deny it elsewhere)
        Crowds in space (still not equal in the number of astronauts and astronauts,
        The shuttle is also automatic - there you just have to press a button to open the chassis, but if you miss a moment - the automation will handle it.

        N-1 could not be launched precisely for the reason indicated arkadiyssk: they didn’t test the equipment properly, the electronics was ... was ...
        1. mister-red
          mister-red 23 September 2019 13: 35
          0
          The first photo of the planet from a suborbital launch - 1946 !!! year
          FAA-2
          Tread on the moon
          Werner von Braun)
          shuttle
          as it turned out to be a dead end. Although technically very cool
          N-1 could not be launched precisely for the reason indicated by arkadiyssk

          This is a consequence, the reason is poor financing. The stands were abandoned forcibly.

          Real achievements in space in the USA
          1. Mariner-4
          2. Pioneer 10.
          3. Voyagers
          4. Hubble
          5. Mars rovers
          6. own part on the ISS
          1. Simargl
            Simargl 23 September 2019 18: 13
            0
            Quote: mister-red
            FAA-2
            Werner von Braun)
            Without money and political will, and the FAU-2 with a camera would not have taken off, and the FB launched firecrackers.

            Quote: mister-red
            This is a consequence, the reason is poor financing. The stands were abandoned forcibly.
            Rather hurry. In any case, the result of miscalculations (if UR would be taken as a basis - everything, most likely ... would ... work ... would ...) and violations of the R&D regulations.

            Quote: mister-red
            Real achievements in space in the USA
            FB them all before this in one helmet painted?
  5. eagle owl
    eagle owl 19 August 2019 08: 15
    -3
    Forward and with the song, another cut. Shuttles and Buran were not abandoned due to technical flaws - the concept as a whole was unprofitable. Even in principle. The fact that they are launching a fundamentally unprofitable concept again ... It says that all that the USA can do now is to cut the budget
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 19 August 2019 08: 37
      +2
      Large shuttles were abandoned, as were all large spacecraft in general. If anything. Not shuttles, too, chopped up programs requiring large missiles. Now only SLS is sawing by the efforts of the entire budget and lobbying in the Senate / Congress, straining the entire Boeing network.

      Small ones fly themselves. wink Right now X-37В - in orbit conducting some secret-interesting actions.


      The spaceplanes that are launched by medium-sized missiles are quite marketable. For the cost of the output is equal to = the cost of the output of any other device or satellite. The cost of landing is lower. The amount of damage after landing is lower. Especially when it comes to unmanned vehicles, where control is less thorough, for safety and duplication.
      1. Vladimir16
        Vladimir16 19 August 2019 09: 24
        +2
        Quote: donavi49
        The spaceplanes that are launched by medium-sized missiles are quite marketable.

        Probably, but the fact is a stubborn thing - now people fly into space on disposable ships.

        And it’s pointless to talk about satellites - why drag in space along with the satellite also junk which then needs to be returned to the earth?

        The military may need a shuttle.
        But talking about market affairs with the military is simply stupid because the military is solving other problems. They do not earn loot, but they provide the country's security.
        1. donavi49
          donavi49 19 August 2019 10: 06
          +8
          1) This is a cargo shuttle. NASA did not give money for the manned man. Analogue of Dragon, Zingus and Kounotori.
          2) The point is that the usual Atlas / Falcon / Volcano rocket - which is in serial production and has a lot of launches per year, is suitable for putting such a shuttle into orbit. Do not need a special and expensive system like the Space Shuttle. Even simpler - DreamChaser = it's just a load for the rocket. SpaceStatl = this is a single and unique system that cannot be used in any other capacity and consists of 2 boosters, a huge tank and a Shuttle propulsion system powered by this tank.
          3) This device is manufactured as part of the second stage of supply to the ISS - the CRS-2 program.

          He brings to the ISS 5000kg cargo in an airtight compartment and 500kg in leaky. This is the #2 indicator for today, after the Japanese barrel Kounotori, which threw 6680kg to a record start.

          With the ISS he returns 1800kg in an airtight compartment + kakulka in the atmosphere for 3400kg of cargo that must be disposed of. This is the second figure in the world, after Dragon with a record return in 2180kg.

          However, the Shuttle will be even more reusable than Dragon. Plus, a return to the airfield will allow you to pick up perishable goods very quickly, which Dragon cannot provide for now.

          The cost of starting Tsingus or Kounotori +/- will be like the DreamChaser. The Mask is cheaper due to pH. But Lockheed (who is positive about redeeming the corporation) lobbied for his rocket (the Volcano is being developed by Lockheed).
      2. tarakan
        tarakan 19 August 2019 15: 55
        -1
        You convert my thoughts into text .... (damn Russian forgot) translated)))))) donavi49 ento you
  6. arkadiyssk
    arkadiyssk 19 August 2019 08: 50
    +3
    Quote: Uhu
    Forward and with the song, another cut. Shuttles and Buran were not abandoned due to technical flaws - the concept as a whole was unprofitable. Even in principle. The fact that they are launching a fundamentally unprofitable concept again ... It says that all that the USA can do now is to cut the budget

    Well, they refused the Shuttle because it was expensive, but at least it worked. And they refused Buran because it was dust in the eyes, for the sake of "catching up with America!" cosplay shuttle. The Americans were able to shove 3 of the coolest main engines RS-25 inside the Shuttle and after launching, they only lost a huge can of fuel, which is not particularly a pity. The side boosters and the ship itself with propulsion engines were returned to them, and the USSR could not make the same small and powerful hydrogen tanks, therefore only maneuverable engines were left on Buran, and for the sake of putting it into space, they created a mega rocket Energy, which was completely lost. As a result, Buran came out with a miserable likeness of the Shuttle and the launch cost several times more expensive than the Shuttle. But visually it looked like they had "caught up with America." Nothing has changed since then, it's the same farce in the Russian Space Agency.
    1. Mestny
      Mestny 19 August 2019 11: 08
      -6
      Half of yours says that Roskosmos does nothing at all. the other half does, but it's all cartoons.
      You decide there, otherwise it turns out # Crimean bridge.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. bk0010
      bk0010 19 August 2019 23: 53
      +2
      All wrong. Both the Shuttle and Buran were created to serve a group of expensive shock satellites (well, actually the Shuttle was originally created to serve a huge space station, but the station was eaten by blacks, and the military got into the Shuttle program with extraordinary requirements). After deciding on the non-militarization of outer space, they did not have any sane tasks left. But the United States by that time had no other carriers and ships left (Delta 2 was made in 89, and then got used to it or something), so they exploited the Shuttle, which needed to carry another 25 tons of rocket planes to put 70 tons of cargo into orbit. The result was a pretty disastrous program: out of the planned 500 launches, 135 were completed, 2 ships were covered for 5, the cost of launch in 2010 reached $ 775 million. Moreover, they worked literally 4 times on the profile when the Hubble was repaired. Buran was made this way because the customer wanted a reusable ship, and industry was a heavy carrier. Everyone got his own.
    3. mister-red
      mister-red 12 October 2019 20: 22
      0
      A very and very amateurish look. I think cheat the cost of starting the entire system was not more expensive than that of the Shuttle. And then, after the abandonment of Buran, there would remain a 100-ton rocket, which no one now has. And the Americans were left with almost nothing. And by the way, on that rocket it was possible to launch something else, except Buran. Could the American side accelerators and tank of tanks bring something to space on their own? The question is rhetorical. Protso actually needed a rocket, but Buran did not. It was necessary to bring and launch BOR its Zenith.
    4. Biodred
      Biodred 19 June 2020 20: 47
      0
      You, sir, are dissembling. It's not about the engines. The point is in completely different concepts of "Space shuttle" and "Energia-Buran". For the shuttle, the payload is only what will fit inside. For us, "Buran" was itself a payload. And when it was not needed (and the "birdie" is really not always needed), "Energia" could - depending on the layout option - bring up to 200 tons of payload to LEO.
  7. Proctologist
    Proctologist 19 August 2019 09: 29
    +1
    There was similar material - of course, without the latest updates on the topic! I remember that one of the Soviet developers of BOR-4 was very happy to learn that the car would still fly, albeit from the United States. And the work of his life will not be poher in the form of a rotting prototype. It is his daughter who is mentioned in the article.

    Interestingly, the Americans have a device with similar functionality, the secret X-37.

    And now his direct competitor appears from a private company ...

    https://topwar.ru/91420-the-washington-post-u-samogo-intriguyuschego-kosmicheskogo-apparata-ameriki-est-neveroyatnye-korni-vremen-holodnoy-voyny.html
  8. Last centurion
    Last centurion 19 August 2019 12: 51
    +1
    on a planet where there is an atmosphere it is foolish not to use wings for flight. on a planet where resources are exhaustible, it's stupid not to make things reusable. on a planet where everyone is building capitalism, it is stupid not to make minimal purchases (new ships) at the expense of reusable structures. having driven "into the forest" all the parasites who build disposable structures and who need to be fed so that they build a one-time use every time. That is why the concepts from Mask and such shuttles are the future. There will be methane, there will be cheap reusability. And backward countries will also fly on kerosene ... burning the entire structure and keeping a bunch of people to build more and more "matches" in the age of "lighters"
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  9. mister-red
    mister-red 12 October 2019 20: 17
    0
    One thing is not clear to me - why should he fold his wings and put him in a fairing, which will also weigh a lot? If it can come back, then what is the problem of starting in the clear? When we were still running around with the idea of ​​Clipper (it’s a pity that we did not finish it), at the start it seems no fairings were provided.
    Who knows what's up?
  10. Nick
    Nick 15 October 2019 23: 10
    0
    Along the way, the Americans stole the same "bast shoe" that was developed by our famous designer G.E. Lozino-Lozinsky. At least, judging by the photo, the form is practically one-to-one with the Lozino-Lozinsky product.