Military Review

Space Odyssey

33

Through the horizon


For all history The ISS cosmonautics is the most high-tech space project. This is a unique scientific laboratory located in near-Earth space orbit, which allows space experiments to be carried out in zero gravity. It moves around the earth at a speed of 8 kilometers per second. This is 100 times faster than the speed of a regular car. Its height is slightly more than 400 kilometers. The construction of the station began in 1998 and today it is the largest scientific and technical project of our time, created in orbit. It involves 14 countries. Russia is one of the main ones. It was our country that brought into near-Earth orbit the first element of the ISS - the 20-ton functional-cargo block Zarya, in the creation of which 240 Russian enterprises participated. At the assembly stage of the Zarya station, it connected the remaining elements of the ISS, ensured their power supply, and also controlled the station's motion and supported its orbit.




Zero Gravity Science Laboratory


The ISS is still under construction and is being assembled sequentially on a modular basis. At the moment, the station consists of 16 core modules. Its weight is more than 400 tons, the maximum length is 109 meters, the width is more than 73's, and the internal volume exceeds 900 cubic meters. The ISS Russian segment today consists of five modules - two axial: the Zarya functional cargo block and the Zvezda service module, as well as three side modules: the Pirs docking compartment and two small Search modules, and "Dawn". Various cargoes are stored inside the Zarya module, and it is also equipped with life support systems, docking, power supply and control systems. An impressive part of the equipment, including jet engines for station orbit correction, fuel tanks and solar panels, are located on the outside of the module. Another Russian small research module “Dawn” is docked to “Dawn”, shortened MIM-1. The Pirs docking compartment serves as a docking port for the Russian SOYUZ manned spacecraft and the PROGRESS trucks, which basically supply the station with everything necessary. The latter delivers water, gas, food for the crew to the station, both for Russian and American, as well as equipment for scientific experiments and spare parts for the ISS onboard systems.

In order for the station to be able to maneuver, space trucks regularly deliver jet fuel to the ISS, which are available only in the Russian segment. The ISS orbit is constantly changing. Due to friction against a rarefied atmosphere, gradual braking and a decrease in height occur. All arriving ships help the propulsion system to raise the height of the station due to its engines. The orbit correction occurs for several purposes at once: to bring transport ships, including manned and cargo ones, to the dock, as well as to avoid fragments of space debris.

Russian manned ships of the UNION are not only a means of transporting crews, but are also used as orbital rescue ships. Four such ships fly to the station and back every year - the most reliable in the program. For the entire time the MSC has been operating, over 100 Russian spacecraft have moored to its board. In total, 230 people visited the station.

Guardians of the galaxy


The crew works as a team. There is no division into American and Russian. This tradition has developed since the time of the first crew of the ISS and remains to this day. This approach is very correct - if an emergency occurs, someone alone must make decisions and give commands. The central flight control post is based in the Russian segment, in the Zvezda service module. It houses life support systems, as well as an energy and information center. From Earth, flight control is continuously conducted from two centers: Russian and American.

Usually at the station no more than six people work simultaneously. On the ISS they live according to the coordinated time. The difference with Moscow: - 3 hours. The working day is strictly regulated: 9 hours of work, of which 2,5 hours are physical exercises. The crew communicates with the ground control center using video conferencing, they can call relatives and friends directly from the station, thanks to the Internet connection.

Onboard the ISS there are more than 800 units of scientific equipment. The crew is mainly engaged in biomedical and technical research, as well as conducting scientific programs. For example, in 6 months, astronauts in microgravity have time to conduct up to 50 experiments. The results of their research are actively used in medicine, biotechnology, ecology and many other fields.
In the coming years, Russia plans to launch three more modules for the ISS: the Nuclear Wharf, the science-energy and multi-purpose laboratory module Nauka. They will additionally provide the Russian segment and the station with electricity, oxygen and controls, as well as allow the crew to conduct even more scientific experiments. The ISS is expected to operate in orbit until 2024. Perhaps it is on the basis of the new modules that a national orbital station will be created.

33 comments
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 15 August 2019 05: 36
    +5
    The crew works as a team. There is no division into American and Russian.

    Friendship is friendship and the space toilet is separate ... and doubts are tearing me about a hole in the hull of the Russian segment of the ISS ... what kind of enemy made a hole.
    1. Vasily Ponomarev
      Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 05: 59
      -2
      have long been confirmed that nakosyachil at the stage of work
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 15 August 2019 06: 01
        +2
        have long been confirmed that nakosyachil at the stage of work

        I don’t believe ... to go through a multi-stage test ... and even fly into space with such a hole without noticing it ... I do not believe it is purely rational.
        1. Vasily Ponomarev
          Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 06: 03
          0
          https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://news.rambler.ru/tech/40722970-prosverlil-ne-tuda-nayden-chelovek-prodyryavivshiy-soyuz/amp/&ved=2ahUKEwjFy-PG8YPkAhXSxMQBHU5YAt0QFjAHegQIAhAB&usg=AOvVaw2A63tb-j4lva7lptfYUx0p&ampcf=1
          1. Same lech
            Same lech 15 August 2019 06: 04
            +1
            Rambler ... a dubious source ... slop everyone dumps there.
            1. Vasily Ponomarev
              Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 06: 05
              +1
              I agree, I just wanted to find information, I need to look for sources there
            2. Vasily Ponomarev
              Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 06: 08
              +1
              estimate, looked at the news, it turns out they have not yet found the culprit, apparently they notice traces
              1. Aerodrome
                Aerodrome 15 August 2019 06: 29
                0
                what experiments are being conducted on board the ISS was not disclosed ... the rumor was that our astronauts refused to get sperm for the benefit of science, (but this is not accurate) lol
                1. Same lech
                  Same lech 15 August 2019 06: 41
                  +2
                  our astronauts refused to get sperm for the benefit of science, (but this is not accurate)

                  And then I was racking my brain why this American was breaking into our space toilet.
              2. demo
                demo 15 August 2019 06: 35
                +1
                The Americans always do this - at first they will do it, and then they think how to evade responsibility.
                The Boeing story over Ukraine is a prime example.
                1. Vasily Ponomarev
                  Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 07: 14
                  -4
                  But what about Boeing?
                  1. Lipchanin
                    Lipchanin 15 August 2019 08: 30
                    0
                    Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
                    But what about Boeing?

                    There are two options.
                    Or a short memory, or in 2014 you still weren’t in the world request
                    1. Vasily Ponomarev
                      Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 08: 42
                      +1
                      so what did the USA do there that they want to evade responsibility?
                      1. Lipchanin
                        Lipchanin 15 August 2019 09: 05
                        +1
                        Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
                        so what did the USA do there that they want to evade responsibility?

                        Concealment of evidence capable of convicting a criminal.
                        Well, or a similar article in any UK
                      2. Vasily Ponomarev
                        Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 09: 41
                        +1
                        what evidence and how do they hide it? do not get it wrong I was not interested in the topic, therefore I am interested to ask you
                      3. Lipchanin
                        Lipchanin 15 August 2019 09: 56
                        -1
                        Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
                        what evidence and how do they hide it?

                        "We have proof, but we will not show it to you" Evidence of the one who shot down the Boeing
                        Nobody pulled their tongue.
                      4. Blacksmith 55
                        Blacksmith 55 15 August 2019 13: 57
                        0
                        The main fault of the USA is that they immediately appointed the guilty party, without waiting for the investigation.
                        And whoever they point to is automatically guilty. And different "pugs" immediately begin to bark.
                        Space images were not shown, although they promised.
                    2. demo
                      demo 15 August 2019 09: 02
                      +1
                      You, dear, not a relative, for an hour that Ponomarev, who was a people's deputy, then lectured in Skolkovo, and then holding down the loot received undeservedly fled to the United States?
                      And then somehow inspired by your INNOCENT and SIMPLE questions.
                      1. Vasily Ponomarev
                        Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 09: 38
                        0
                        eh if if dreaming is not harmful
                  2. Ros 56
                    Ros 56 15 August 2019 08: 32
                    0
                    Fell. And together with people. Didn't you hear? Probably been on Mars.
                    1. Vasily Ponomarev
                      Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 08: 41
                      -2
                      so where does the United States?
                      1. Ros 56
                        Ros 56 15 August 2019 08: 45
                        +2
                        In short, not a single major villainy in the world is done without the participation of the stripes. And do not pretend that this is an unknown fact. Dig deeper and see donkey ears or the trunk of an elephant.
                      2. Vasily Ponomarev
                        Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 09: 40
                        +1
                        so what exactly did they do? just blaming someone is stupid too
                      3. Lipchanin
                        Lipchanin 15 August 2019 09: 57
                        -1
                        Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
                        just blaming someone is stupid too

                        Tell the Dutch
                    2. Lipchanin
                      Lipchanin 15 August 2019 09: 06
                      0
                      Quote: Ros 56
                      Probably been on Mars.

                      Channels deepened
                2. Chit
                  Chit 13 November 2019 01: 22
                  -11
                  I'm interested too.
                  What's up with the Boeing?
                  Has the International Commission of Inquiry made a final conclusion? So he seemed to be only preliminary so far. And for some reason, it’s not in favor of Russia. In any case, the names of the suspects were not American.
                  Was there a trial? The court issued a verdict?
                  On what grounds do you say that Americans want to evade responsibility?
                  Do you have specific facts on hand? Confirmed by an international commission?
                  Kindly voice them.
                  What's up with the Boeing?
      2. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 15 August 2019 09: 37
        +1
        Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
        have long been confirmed that nakosyachil at the stage of work

        Do not read liberal newspapers at lunch, do not listen to the "matzo of Moscow", but live your own mind, if there is, of course.
        1. Vasily Ponomarev
          Vasily Ponomarev 15 August 2019 09: 39
          0
          Well, what do you think happened, even though you are rude to me, I’m not offended
          1. Mavrikiy
            Mavrikiy 15 August 2019 09: 47
            +1
            Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
            Well, what do you think happened, even though you are rude to me, I’m not offended

            Tolerant and democratic, not supposed to be offended. But I apologize, I'm sorry, my fault, I lost my temper.
            In the case, our cosmonauts are gullible as children: "all people are brothers", turned away, did not look, and the creepy astronauts are insidious, they have full pockets of nails and buttons. feel and no options.
      3. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 15 August 2019 09: 42
        +1
        Quote: Vasily Ponomarev
        have long been confirmed that nakosyachil at the stage of work

        Who confirmed Vasya the switchman or the USA?
  2. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 15 August 2019 09: 33
    0
    Fuck with her, with the ISS, she has a host, the Americans. You need to do your own. Americans use our research and technology against us. Do we need this?
    1. bistrov.
      bistrov. 15 August 2019 11: 15
      0
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      she has a master, the Americans.

      And why did you decide?
  3. aleks.29ru
    aleks.29ru 15 August 2019 10: 30
    +1
    To work as cabmen and scavengers - is the fate of Roscosmos? Stop cooperation until the sanctions are lifted. They look at the Minister of Defense through the porthole. Does it hurt me alone for a power?