Military Review

German tanks of the second world war

74
Since the mid-1930s, the German military in accordance with their adopted concept of warfare (“Blitzkrieg”) in determining development requirements tanks the main emphasis was not on the firepower of the tank, but on its maneuverability in order to ensure deep breakthroughs, encirclement and destruction of the enemy. To this end, the development and production of light tanks Pz.Kpfw.I and Pz.Kpfw.II and somewhat later medium tanks Pz.Kpfw.III and Pz.Kpfw.IV. began.




With the outbreak of World War II, German tanks successfully fought with enemy tanks, but with the advent of more advanced German tanks in the anti-Hitler coalition, Germany had to abandon light tanks and concentrate on developing medium and then heavy tanks first.

Medium Tank Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf. (G, H, J, L, M)


The medium tank Pz.Kpfw.III was developed in the 1935 year as part of the accepted concept of warfare as an effective means of combating enemy tanks, and until the 1943 year it was the main tank of the Wehrmacht. Produced from 1937 to 1943 years, a total of 5691 tank was released. Before the war, modifications of the Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf tank were produced. (A, B, C, D, E, F). And during the war period 1940-1943 years of modification Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf. (G, H, J, L, M).

The tanks of the first batch of Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.A had a “classic German” layout with a transmission in the nose of the tank, weighing 15,4 tons, a crew of five people, with bullet-proof protection with an armor thickness of 10-15 mm, with a short-barreled 37-mm KwK gun 36 L / 46,5 and three 7,92-mm machine guns MG-34, an engine with 250 horsepower, providing 35 km / h highway speed and 165 km range. Before the war and during the war he underwent a number of modifications. Of the main changes to the war on the Ausf.E modification, the main reservation was brought to 30 mm and an engine with 300 horsepower was installed.

German tanks of the second world war

Medium Tank Pz.Kpfw.III


In 1940, the modification of the Pz.Kpfw.III Ausf.G tank was launched into serial production, in which a short-barreled 50-mm KwK38 L / 42 gun was installed on the tank, since the long-barreled gun was not yet brought up and one was installed instead of two coaxial machine guns. The weight of the tank increased to 19,8 tons.

On the modification of Ausf.H, produced since the end of the 1940 year, the main difference was the strengthening of the reservation. The turret feed was made of a single bent armor plate with a thickness of 30 mm and an additional armor plate with a thickness of 30 mm was welded onto the front of the hull, while the forehead protection of the hull increased to 60 mm.

On the modification of Ausf.J, produced since March 1941, the main difference was to increase the protection of the forehead of the case. The thickness of the main armor plate has been increased to 50 mm, and since December 1941 the long-barreled 50-mm KwK 39 L / 60 gun with increased armor penetration has been installed.

On the Ausf.L modification, the forehead protection of the hull and turret is increased to 70 mm due to the installation of additional armor plates with a thickness of 20 mm, the weight of the tank increased to 22,7 tons.

The Ausf.M modification, produced since October 1942, did not differ much, six mortars were installed on the sides of the tower to launch smoke grenades, the ammunition load of the gun was increased, and an anti-aircraft machine gun mount was placed on the commander’s turret.

Modifications Ausf.N, produced since July 1943 year, installed short-barreled 75-mm gun KwK 37 L / 24, similarly used on tanks Pz. Kpfw.IV Ausf. (A - F1), the weight of the tank increased to 23 tons.

With the outbreak of war, Pz.Kpfw.III successfully opposed French light tanks, medium D2, S35 and heavy B1bis, it lost, its 37-mm guns could not penetrate the armor of these tanks. The same situation was with the British light and medium tanks of pre-war production, with insufficient armor and equipped with light weapons. But since the end of the 1941, the British army in the battles in North Africa has already been saturated with more advanced tanks Mk II Matilda II, MK.III Valentine, Mk.VI Crusader and the American M3 / M5 General Stuart and Pz.Kpfw.III began to lose them. Nevertheless, the German army often won in tank battles thanks to a more competent combination of tanks and artillery both in offensive and defense.

On the Eastern Front in the 1941 year, Pz.Kpfw.III I tanks in tank divisions comprised from 25% to 34% of the total number of tanks and, on the whole, they were equivalent opponents of most Soviet tanks. In terms of armament, maneuverability and armor protection, he had significant superiority only over the T-26, the BT-7 was inferior to him in armor protection, and the T-28 and KV in maneuverability, but in all characteristics Pz.Kpfw.III was weaker than the T-34.

At the same time, Pz.Kpfw.III surpassed all Soviet tanks in the best visibility conditions from the tank, the quantity and quality of observation devices, the reliability of the engine, transmission and chassis, as well as a more successful distribution of duties between crew members. These circumstances, in the absence of superiority in the tactical and technical characteristics, allowed Pz.Kpfw.III in most cases to emerge victorious in tank duels. However, when meeting with the T-34, and even more so with the KV-1, this is not easy to achieve, since a German tank gun could penetrate the armor of Soviet tanks only from a distance of no more than 300 m.

Given that in the 1941 year, Pz.Kpfw.III formed the basis of the German tank forces and did not far surpass the Soviet tanks, which were several times larger in their characteristics, Germany took great risks in attacking the USSR. And only tactical superiority in the use of tank formations allowed the German command to win convincing victories at the initial stage of the war. Since the 1943 of the year, the main load in the confrontation with Soviet tanks passed to the Pz.Kpfw.IV with the long-barreled 75-mm gun, and the Pz.Kpfw.III began to play a supporting role, while they still accounted for about half of the Wehrmacht tanks on the Eastern Front.

In general, the Pz.Kpfw.III was a reliable easy-to-operate machine with a high level of crew comfort and its modernization potential at the beginning of the war was quite sufficient. But, despite the reliability and adaptability of the tank, the volume of its turret box was insufficient to accommodate a more powerful gun, and in 1943 it was discontinued.

Medium Tank Pz.Kpfw.IV


The Pz.Kpfw.IV tank was developed in 1937 in addition to the Pz.Kpfw.III tank as a fire support tank with a longer-range cannon with a powerful fragmentation shell capable of hitting anti-tank defenses beyond the reach of other tanks. The most massive Wehrmacht tank, mass-produced from 1937 to 1945 years, all were released 8686 tanks of various modifications. Modifications of the tank Ausf.A, B, C were produced before the war. modifications of Ausf. (D, E, F, G, H, J) during World War II.

The Pz.Kpfw.IV tank also had a “classic German” layout with a front transmission and a crew of five. With the weight of the modification of the Ausf tank. With 19,0 tons, it had low armor protection, the thickness of the armor of the forehead of the hull and turret was 30 mm, and the sides were only 15 mm.

The hull and turret of the tank were welded and did not differ in the rational inclination of the armored plates. A large number of hatches facilitated the landing of the crew and access to various mechanisms, but at the same time reduced the strength of the hull. The tower was multi-faceted and made it possible to upgrade the armament of the tank. On the roof of the tower behind the commander’s turret was installed with five viewing devices. The tower could be rotated manually and with the help of an electric drive. The tank provided good living conditions and visibility to the tank crew, and there were perfect observation and aiming devices perfect at that time.

The main armament on the first modifications of the tank consisted of a short-barreled 75-mm KwK.37 L / 24 gun and additional armament from two 7,92-mm MG-34 machine guns, one paired with a gun, the other directional in the hull.

As a power plant, the Maybach HL 120TR engine with an output of 300 l was used. sec., providing a speed of 40 km / h and a range of 200 km.

The modification of the Ausf.D tank, produced from the 1940 of the year, was distinguished by the enhanced armor protection of the sides to 20-mm and additional 30-mm armor of the forehead of the hull and turret.


Medium Tank Pz.Kpfw.IV D


On the modification of the Ausf.E tank, manufactured since the end of the 1940 year, according to the results of the Polish campaign, the thickness of the front sheet was increased to 50 mm and an additional 20-mm protection was installed on the sides of the hull. The weight of the tank increased to 21 tons.

On the modification of the tank Ausf. F, issued since 1941 year, reservation has been changed. Instead of the hinged armor of the forehead of the hull and turret, the thickness of the main armor plates was increased to 50 mm, and the thickness of the sides of the hull and turret was increased to 30 mm.

On the modification of the Ausf.G tank, manufactured since 1942, the short-barreled 75-mm gun was replaced by the long-barreled 75-mm gun KwK 40 L / 43 and the frontal armor of the hull was reinforced with additional 30mm armor plates, while the weight of the tank increased to 23,5 tons. This was due to the fact that in a collision on the Eastern Front with the Soviet T-34 and KV-1, German anti-tank guns could not penetrate their armor, and the 76-mm Soviet guns penetrated the armor of German tanks at almost any real combat distance.

The modification of the Ausf.N tank, which has been produced since the spring of 1943, changed the reservation, instead of additional 30-mm armor plates on the forehead of the tank body, the thickness of the main armor plates was increased to 80-mm and hinged anti-cumulative screens from 5-mm armor plates were introduced. A more powerful 75-mm KwK 40 L / 48 gun was also installed.


Medium tank Pz.Kpfw.IV N


Modification of the tank Ausf.J, issued since June 1944 year, was aimed at reducing the cost and simplification of the production of the tank. The tower’s electric drive and auxiliary engine with generator were removed from the tank, an additional fuel tank was installed, and the hull roof was strengthened by installing additional 16-mm armor plates. the weight of the tank increased to 25 tons.


Medium Tank Pz.Kpfw.IV J


Unlike the Pz.Kpfw.III tank, which was created as an effective anti-tank weapon, the Pz.Kpfw.IV tank was created in addition to the Pz.Kpfw.III and was considered as an assault artillery support tank, designed to fight not with tanks, but with fire enemy points.

It should also be noted that Pz.Kpfw.IV was developed within the framework of the “blitzkrieg” concept and the main attention was paid to its mobility, while firepower and protection were insufficient at the time of the creation of the tank. The short-barreled gun with a low initial velocity of armor-piercing projectile and the weak thickness of the frontal armor, on the first modifications only 15 (30) mm, made the Pz.Kpfw.IV an easy target for anti-tank artillery and enemy tanks.

Nevertheless, the tank Pz.Kpfw.IV turned out to be a long-lived and survived not only tanks of pre-war development, but also a number of tanks developed and produced in series during the Second World War. The sharply increased combat characteristics of the tank during its modernization, which led to the installation of a long-barreled gun and increased frontal armor to 80 mm, made it a versatile tank capable of performing a wide range of tasks.

It turned out to be a reliable and easily controlled machine and was actively used by the Wehrmacht from the beginning to the end of World War II. However, the mobility of the tank in the last overweight versions was clearly unsatisfactory and, as a result, by the end of the war Pz.Kpfw.IV was seriously inferior in its characteristics to the main medium tanks of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. Moreover, German industry was unable to organize its mass production and in the quantitative ratio he also lost. During the war, the irretrievable loss of the Wehrmacht in the tanks Pz.Kpfw.IV amounted to 7636 tanks.

Before the start of World War II, Pz.Kpfw.IV made up less than 10% of the Wehrmacht's tank fleet, nevertheless, it successfully fought with the tanks of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. With the installation of a long-barrel 75-mm gun, he confidently opposed the T-34-76 and almost all American and English tanks at most real battle distances. With the advent of the T-1944-34 in the 85 year and the modifications of the American M4 General Sherman with the 76mm gun, significantly exceeding Pz. IV and striking him from a distance of 1500-2000 meters, he finally began to lose in the tank confrontation.

Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.V "Panther"


The Pz.Kpfw.V Panther tank was developed in 1941-1942 as a response to the appearance of the Soviet T-34 tank. Serially produced since the 1943 year, a total of 5995 tanks were produced.

The layout of the tank was a "classic German" with a front transmission, outwardly it was very similar to the T-34. The crew of the tank was 5 man, the hull and turret design was assembled from armored plates connected “in a thorn” and with a double weld. Armor plates were installed at an angle to increase armor resistance in the same way as on the T-34. A commander’s cupola was installed on the roof of the tower, the hatches of the driver and radio operator were placed on the roof of the hull and did not weaken the upper frontal sheet.


Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.V "Panther"


With the weight of the 44,8 ton tank, it had good security, the thickness of the armor of the forehead of the hull top 80 mm, the bottom 60 mm, the sides top 50 mm, the bottom 40 mm, the forehead of the tower 110 mm, the sides and the roof of the tower 45 mm, the roof of the hull 17 mm, the bottom 17 -30 mm.

The armament of the tank consisted of a long-barreled 75-mm KwK 42 L / 70 gun and two 7,92-mm MG-34 machine guns, one coaxial with a cannon, the other directional.

As the power plant, the Maybach HL 230 P30 engine with 700 horsepower was used, providing a speed on the 55 highway km / h and a cruising range of 250 km. The option of installing a diesel engine was being worked out, but it was abandoned due to the shortage of diesel fuel needed for submarines.

The chassis on each side contained eight track rollers, staggered in two rows with an individual torsion bar suspension, the front and rear pairs of rollers had hydraulic shock absorbers, the drive wheel was front-mounted.

The concept of the Pz.Kpfw.V tank no longer reflected the concept of the Blitzkrieg, but the defensive military doctrine of Germany. After the fighting on the fronts of World War II, the main attention was paid to the protection of the tank and its firepower while limiting mobility due to the heavy weight of the tank.

The first experience in the combat use of Pz.Kpfw.V tanks on the Kursk Bulge revealed both the strengths and weaknesses of this tank. This batch of tanks was notable for their low reliability and non-combat losses from malfunctions were very high. Among the advantages of the new tank, German tankers noted reliable protection of the frontal projection of the hull, which at that time was invulnerable to all tank and anti-tank Soviet guns, a powerful gun that allowed to hit all Soviet tanks and self-propelled guns in the forehead and good sighting devices.

However, the protection of the remaining projections of the tank was vulnerable to the fire of 76,2-mm and 45-mm tank and anti-tank guns at the main battle distances. The main weakness of the tank was its relatively thin side armor. Best of all, the tank showed itself in active defense, actions from ambushes, destruction of advancing enemy tanks from great distances, counterattacks, when the influence of weakness of the side armor was minimized.

The tank had a number of undoubted advantages - good smoothness of operation, large volume of the fighting compartment, increasing crew crew comfort, high-quality optics, high rate of fire, large ammunition load and high armor penetration of the KwK 42 gun. In the 1943 year, the armor penetration of the cannon shells ensured the defeat of any tank of the anti-Hitler coalition countries that fought then at distances up to 2000 m.

On the other hand, in the 1944 year the situation changed, new types of tanks and artillery shells of the 100, 122 and 152 mm calibers were adopted for the armies of the USSR, the USA and England, which literally broke through the Pz.Kpfw.V armor that became extremely fragile.

The tank’s drawbacks were also its high height due to the need to transmit torque from the engine to the transmission units via cardan shafts under the floor of the fighting compartment, the transmission units and drive wheels were more vulnerable due to their location in the frontal part of the vehicle, which was most exposed to shelling, complexity and unreliability " chess "running gear. The dirt that accumulated between the road wheels often froze in winter and completely immobilized the tank. To replace damaged inner track rollers from the inner row, it was necessary to dismantle from a third to half of the outer rollers, which took several hours.

Only Soviet KV-85, IS-1, IS-2, and American M26 Pershing tanks can act as Pz.Kpfw.V analogues. M26 was a belated reaction to the appearance of Pz.Kpfw.V, but in terms of its basic characteristics, it corresponded to the level of Pz.Kpfw.V and could withstand it on equal terms. He began to enter the troops in small numbers only in February 1945 and did not play a serious role in the battles of World War II.


American tank M26 "Pershing"


The Soviet IS-2 heavy tank, with all the external similarities in its overall dimensions and Panther, was used not as the main tank, but as a breakthrough tank with a different balance of armor and weapons. In particular, much attention was paid to good on-board booking and fire power against unarmored targets. The power of the 122-mm gun in the IS-2 was almost twice as high as that of the 75-mm gun KwK 42, but the armor penetration was quite comparable. In general, both tanks were well adapted to destroy other tanks.


Soviet heavy tank IS-2


In England, only towards the end of the war were they able to create some kind of alternative to the Pz.Kpfw.V in the form of the A34 Comet tank. Launched at the end of the 1944 of the year, the A34 Comet, armed with an 76,2-mm tank gun, yielding somewhat less in the armor of the Pz.Kpfw.V, weighed 10 tons less and had higher firepower and maneuverability.


English tank A34 Comet


Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger


In accordance with the concept of “blitzkrieg” in the German army at the first stage there was no place for heavy tanks. The medium tanks Pz.Kpfw.III and Pz.Kpfw.IV were quite comfortable with the military. Since the end of the 30's, the development of such a tank was carried out, but due to the lack of demand for a tank of this class, no one was particularly interested in them. With the attack on the Soviet Union and the clash with the Soviet T-34 and KV-1, it became clear that the Pz.Kpfw.III and Pz.Kpfw.IV were seriously inferior to them and the need arose to develop a more advanced tank. Work in this direction was intensified and in the 1941 year the Pz.Kpfw.VI tank was developed, the main purpose of which was to fight against enemy tanks. In the 1942 year, he began to enter the army, for the 1942-1944 years, 1357 tanks Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger were released.

The tank was a "classic German" layout with a front transmission. The crew of the tank was 5 man, the driver and radio operator were located in front of the hull. commander, gunner and loader in the tower. The commander’s cupola was installed on the roof of the tower.


Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger


The hull and turret were welded from armor plates, mounted mainly vertically without tilt angles. Armored plates docked using the dovetail method and connected by welding. With a weight of 56,9 tons, the tank had high armor protection, the thickness of the armor of the forehead of the hull top and bottom 100 mm, the middle of 63 mm, the sides of the bottom 63 mm, the top of 80 mm, the forehead of the tower 100 mm, the sides of the tower 80 mm and the roof of the tower 28 mm, the armor plates of the 90 gun -200 mm, roof and bottom 28 mm.

The armament of the tank consisted of a long-barreled 88-mm KwK 36 L / 56 gun and two 7,92-mm MG-34 machine guns, one coaxial with a cannon, the other directional.

As a power plant, a Maybach 700 horsepower engine was used. and semi-automatic gearbox. The tank was easily controlled with the help of a helm, and gear shifting was carried out without much effort. The power plant provided speed on the 40 km / h highway and 170 km range.

The chassis on each side contained eight "staggered" large-diameter track rollers arranged in two rows with an individual torsion bar suspension and a front wheel drive. There were two types of caterpillars on the tank, a transport one with a width of 520 mm and a combat one with a width of 725 mm.

The firepower of Pz.Kpfw.VI with an 88mm gun before the appearance of the Soviet IS-1 allowed to destroy any tank of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition at any combat distance, and only tanks of the IS-1 and IS-2 series had armor that allowed them to withstand the shelling from KwK 36 from the frontal angles and medium distances.

Pz.Kpfw.VI in the 1943 year had the most powerful reservation and not a single tank could hit it. Soviet 45-mm, English 40-mm and American 37-mm guns did not penetrate it even at extremely close combat distance, 76,2-mm Soviet guns could penetrate the side armor of Pz.Kpfw.VI from distances not exceeding 300 m. T-34 -85 pierced his frontal armor from a distance of 800-1000 meters. Only at the end of the war was the saturation of the armies of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition with heavy 100-mm, 122-mm and 152-mm guns made it possible to effectively combat Pz.Kpfw.VI.

The positive sides of the tank include easy control of a very heavy machine and good smoothness, provided by a torsion bar suspension with a "staggered" arrangement of track rollers. At the same time, this design of the undercarriage in winter and off-road conditions was unreliable, the dirt that accumulated between the rollers during the night froze so that the tank was immobilized, and replacing damaged rollers from the inner rows was a tedious and lengthy procedure. The heavy weight significantly limited the capabilities of the tank, since off-road the vehicle’s transmission turned out to be overloaded and quickly failed.

The tank was expensive and difficult to manufacture and had a low maintainability of the chassis. Due to the heavy weight of the tank, it was difficult to transport by rail, as there were fears of damage to the bridges on which the cars moved.

Among the tanks of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition Pz.Kpfw.VI there were no worthy opponents. In terms of firepower and security, it was superior to the Soviet KV-1, and in terms of mobility they were approximately equal. Only at the end of the 1943 year, with the adoption of the IS-2, an equivalent rival appeared. In general, inferior to the IS-2 in terms of security and firepower, Pz.Kpfw.VI beat him in technical rate of fire at minimum combat distances.

Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger II "Royal Tiger"


The Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger II tank was developed in the 1943 of the year as a tank destroyer and entered the army from January 1944 of the year. It was the most powerful tank that took part in the Second World War. In total, up to the end of the war 487 of such tanks were produced.

Tiger II retained the layout of the Tiger I tank with all its pros and cons. The crew also remained in the amount of five people. The hull design was changed; the slanted arrangement of armor was used, as on the Panther tank.

The weight of the tank increased to 69,8 tons, while the tank had excellent protection, the thickness of the armor of the forehead of the hull top 150 mm, the bottom of 120 mm, the sides of the 80 mm, the forehead of the tower 180 mm, the sides of the tower 80 mm, the roof of the tower 40 mm, the bottom 25-40 mm , roof housing 40 mm.


Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VI Tiger II "Royal Tiger"


The armament of the tank consisted of a new long-barreled 88-mm gun KwK 43 L / 71 and two 7,92-mm machine guns MG-34.

The power plant was borrowed from the Tiger I. The Maybach engine with 700 horsepower was installed, providing 38 km / h highway speed and 170 km range.

The undercarriage was also borrowed from the Tiger I tank, only another track roller was added and the track width was increased to 818mm.

The penetration of the 88-mm KwK 43 gun ensured the Tiger II defeat of any tank in the battles of World War II. Even booking the most protected tanks, such as the American M26, the English Churchill and the Soviet IS-2, provided them with virtually no protection at real battle distances.

The frontal projection of the tank, despite the significant thickness of the armored plates and their inclined location, was by no means invulnerable. This was due to a decrease in alloying additives in the material of armor plates due to the loss by Germany of a number of deposits of non-ferrous metals, especially nickel. The sides of the tank were even more vulnerable, the 85-mm Soviet guns D-5T and C-53 pierced them from a distance of 1000-1500 m, the American 76-mm gun M1 hit on board from a distance of 1000-1700 m, and the Soviet 76,2-mm guns ZIS-3 and F-34 hit him aboard at best with 200 meters.

In a duel battle, the Tiger II exceeded all tanks both in terms of armor and in accuracy and armor penetration of guns. However, such head-to-head collisions were very rare and Soviet tankers tried to conduct a maneuvering battle, for which the Tiger II was the least suitable. Acting on the defensive, from ambushes, like a tank destroyer, he was extremely dangerous for Soviet tankmen and could destroy several tanks before he was discovered and rendered harmless. As for the allied armored vehicles, the American and British tanks could not effectively resist the Tiger II and the allies most often used against it Aviation.

The increase in tank weight led to an extreme overload of the power plant and chassis and a sharp decrease in their reliability. Constant failures led to the fact that about a third of the tanks failed even on the march. Low driving performance and unreliability Tiger II almost completely leveled its advantages in firepower and armor.

In terms of firepower and defense, the Tiger II was one of the strongest tanks of the period of World War II. However, the numerous shortcomings of its design, especially in the power plant and chassis, the enormous weight, low reliability, as well as the operational-tactical situation, which did not allow to fully use the advantages of the tank, determined the overall rather low potential of the machine.

Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VIII "Maus"


On Hitler's initiative, in 1943, the development of an extra-heavy breakthrough tank with the highest possible defense began. At the end of 1943, the first instance of the tank would be made. which, surprisingly, when running around the factory yard, showed good controllability and the fundamental possibility of creating such a super tank. Due to the lack of capacity for production, its mass production did not start; only two copies of the tank were made.


Heavy tank Pz.Kpfw.VIII "Maus"


The tank was a classic configuration weighing 188 tons with a crew of 6 people, armed with two twin cannons in the turret - 128-mm KwK-44 L / 55 and 75-mm KwK-40 L / 36,6 and one 7,92-mm machine gun MG-34.

The tank had powerful armor, the thickness of the armor of the forehead of the hull 200 mm, the sides of the hull bottom 105 mm, the top 185 mm, the forehead of the tower 220 mm, the sides and the stern of the tower 210 mm, the roof and the bottom of 50-105 mm.

The power plant consisted of a Daimler-Benz MV 509 aircraft engine with 1250 horsepower. and an electric transmission with two generators and two electric motors, providing speed on the highway 20 km / h and range 160 km. Caterpillars with a width of 1100 mm provided the tank with a quite acceptable ground pressure of 1,6 kg / sq. cm.

In battle, the Pz.Kpfw.VIII Maus tank was not tested. As the army of the Soviet Union approached in April 1945, two samples of the tank were detonated, one of the two samples was assembled and now it is on display at the Armored Museum in Kubinka.

During the Second World War, German designers were able to develop, and the German industry to organize serial production of a line of medium and heavy tanks, which in their characteristics are not inferior, but in many ways superior to the tanks of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. On the fronts of this war, German tanks confronted their opponents on equal tanks, and German tankers often won battles when using tanks with worse performance due to more advanced tactics of their use.
Author:
Photos used:
avatars.mds.yandex.net, s1.1zoom.ru/big3/518, eastcoastarmory.com
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  1. Kars
    Kars 16 August 2019 18: 13 New
    +9
    Review article.
    Can holivar about the best tank to arrange wow)))
    1. dvina71
      dvina71 16 August 2019 18: 20 New
      26
      Quote: Kars
      Can holivar about the best tank to arrange wow)))

      What for? The best tank parked in the capital of the vanquished ..
      1. Kars
        Kars 16 August 2019 18: 22 New
        14
        American tanks also parked in Berlin. And even as part of the Soviet army
        1. dvina71
          dvina71 16 August 2019 18: 24 New
          -4
          Quote: Kars
          American tanks also parked in Berlin. And even as part of the Soviet army

          Well, and we will fill them .. in proportion to the number of troops .., something tells me .. equivalent to the error? Not?
        2. sabakina
          sabakina 16 August 2019 20: 12 New
          +1
          Quote: Kars
          American tanks also parked in Berlin. And even as part of the Soviet army

          Ppi, passing in September 1945 of the year at the IS-3 parade, our "sworn" jaw dropped. And they realized that we did not have enough time to defile all over Germany.
          1. 2 Level Advisor
            2 Level Advisor 16 August 2019 20: 22 New
            -3
            for some reason I’m sure that even before the parade they knew about IS-3, therefore they were in a hurry to occupy their part of Germany
            1. sabakina
              sabakina 16 August 2019 21: 16 New
              +8
              Quote: 2 level advisor
              for some reason I’m sure that before the parade they knew about IS-3,

              Then why did their jaw drop? Do not confuse those times with today! For the minusers!

              For those who do not understand at a glance!
              https://ok.ru/video/951453172
              1. dvina71
                dvina71 16 August 2019 22: 39 New
                +6
                Yeah ... the British Comets at that parade .. opposite the IS-3 it’s the same as the powder of the same name against the royal vodka ..
              2. jjj
                jjj 18 August 2019 18: 53 New
                0
                When I first saw these shots, I was also amazed. And there were still no medium T-44 tanks.
            2. dvina71
              dvina71 16 August 2019 22: 41 New
              +6
              Quote: 2 level advisor
              in a hurry to occupy their part of Germany

              Not .. In Yalta, everyone decided .. Berlin took ours, but sawed off a piece to the Allies ..
        3. Trapperxnumx
          Trapperxnumx 20 August 2019 11: 41 New
          0
          Quote: Kars
          American tanks also parked in Berlin. And even as part of the Soviet army

          So they were also among the best) But only with a red star. With white, they immediately lost part of their combat potential and capabilities)))
    2. bubalik
      bubalik 16 August 2019 20: 19 New
      19
      Can holivar about the best tank to arrange wow)))
      ,,, for this, Kaptsov’s article should be written in the style Panzerwaffe shame and degeneration winked then spin laughing I agree, the devil knows how to get an audience smile
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 17 August 2019 07: 28 New
        +7
        I have a double opinion on the work of the respected Author ....
        if we take his work in the aspect of the education of the layman, then the article is a plus. If you start looking for a twist in it - then sadness ..... for an advanced audience of VO. To be honest, it's easier for me to take Katorin's encyclopedia off the shelf ...
        Draw your own conclusions, for the work of Yuri, I definitely thank you, but also the wish, “I won’t believe that you don’t have“ sweets ”for“ little mustachioed and bald guys from VO ”no matter how you’ve been almost a half century in the subject! So - we demand "raisins."
        Regards, Kote!
    3. dumkopff
      dumkopff 17 August 2019 08: 49 New
      +3
      You can also open a local holivarchik by elements. For example:
      1. Diesel fuel and its shortage (there were also such disputes). With the transition to German tank engines in general and why they were gasoline.
      2. The rationality of using chess suspension (there were such disputes here). Lumps in winter vs smoothness and the need for "short".
      3. The tactics of application and the rationality of creating "anti-tank" tanks. If it was supposed to work mainly from an ambush, wouldn’t it be cheaper to print much lighter and cheaper anti-tank self-propelled guns under the same weapon (I suspect that there were also such disputes).
      4. As a continuation of the previous paragraph. But wasn’t it better to equip the Germans with their tanks less "anti-tank", but more universal (in terms of also working on infantry) with 105 mm caliber guns. And there were such disputes - I do not know.
      5. The rationality of using inclined / vertical armor (there were such disputes here).
      Etc. etc.
      IMHO. It would be funny if someone wrote a review article on articles.
      The question is so-and-so: the article is so-and-so from such-and-such a number, the holivar in the comments is attached - the most valuable from comrades are once and twice. Continuation of disputes in articles: one, two, and ad infinitum.
      1. Kars
        Kars 17 August 2019 09: 57 New
        +1
        About chess suspension, in my opinion this is an obsessive fail.
    4. yehat
      yehat 19 August 2019 12: 14 New
      +1
      I would still divide German tanks into 2 periods - projects started before 41 years and tanks already developed after.
      the first to list for a long time, just offer to list those who did not enter the second group
      in the second group - self-propelled guns hatzer, yagdpanzer4, yagdpanthera, yagdtiger
      Tiger-2 tanks, Panther, Mouse, E25, E50 and E75 projects.
      air defense installations like koelion and virblevind
      the rest are all in the first group, including t3 (e ... m), tiger-1, T4 (from c to h and j), ferdinadnd, stormtiger, stug3, etc.
      there is still a group of ersatz like remade French and Soviet tanks, marders with Soviet guns.
      I can miss a couple of important models from the 2nd group - do not hit hard on the kidneys.
      In my opinion, pushing all the tanks in one pile is not true - they are radically different.
  2. eagle
    eagle owl 16 August 2019 18: 44 New
    15
    In general, the "gloomy Teutonic genius." On the one hand - like breakthrough models. On the other hand, the notorious "long conveyor" that the Americans still consider the main reason for the Wehrmacht's defeat - if against one, but very good tank, the enemy makes the 10 34-ok worse at the same time with the same effort - 1 Tiger is not a tenant . Again, in the 41, they were convinced that the superprotected HF is not a panacea, since there is no way at all. And they make Panthers, I’m driving for an hour - I’ll take two ... On the same rake. They could not do the medium tank, the panther, as the author noted, was heavy in weight, although in all other respects the medium was clearly thought of as medium ...
    The Germans ... A good head, sorry for the fool, "Maxim Perepelitsa"
    1. armata_armata
      armata_armata 16 August 2019 19: 01 New
      -4
      The Germans ... A good head, sorry for the fool, "Maxim Perepelitsa"

      And forgive my dear friend, where would the Germans get so many people and synthetic gasoline on an analogue of the t-34 which could be stamped in thousands?
      1. eagle
        eagle owl 16 August 2019 19: 19 New
        +8
        Thousands of stamped tanks and could give the opportunity for a breakthrough to oil. And if you think so - then the Tigers are not riveting - horse-drawn guns - they do not need gasoline. The Sturmtigers can be recalled here - that means the Tigers with the Panthers is a defensive concept, and how do the Sturmtigers get into it? Again the gloomy German genius ...
        1. armata_armata
          armata_armata 16 August 2019 19: 21 New
          -5
          Thousands of stamped tanks and could give the opportunity for a breakthrough to oil

          Could not, there would be tanks, tankers only weren’t enough for them
          And if you think so - then the Tigers are not riveting - horse-drawn guns - they do not need gas

          Nath, so as not to rivet thousands of t-34 on which there are no resources
          1. eagle
            eagle owl 16 August 2019 19: 45 New
            +1
            So no matter ... Armor in the last years of the war is cardboard. And so and so. At the same time, clumsy monsters are riveted, which are easier to get into than in a brisk medium tank. That is, a rake, complicated also by myopia - they see no problems.
            There are generally a lot of interesting things. This tsimmerit for some reason ... The USSR does not remember something then massive magnetic mines
            1. armata_armata
              armata_armata 16 August 2019 19: 48 New
              +1
              So no matter ... Armor in the last years of the war is cardboard. And so and so. At the same time, clumsy monsters are riveted, which are easier to get into than in a brisk medium tank.

              These slow-moving monsters brought a couple of brisk ones from ambushes (sometimes even a dozen) at the same time manpower and guns, and after the bk ended they were blown up by their crew so that they wouldn’t get to the enemy ...
              . That is, a rake, complicated also by myopia - they see no problems.

              There was no problem, just a modern layman playing enough of the tanks does not present a real picture of that war, that's all
            2. Alf
              Alf 16 August 2019 22: 05 New
              +5
              Quote: Uhu
              This tsimmerit for some reason ...

              But you can earn extra.
        2. goose
          goose 10 September 2019 11: 20 New
          0
          Quote: Uhu
          horse-drawn guns - they don’t need gasoline.

          Well, the whole of the Second World War the Germans drove horses. By horse equipping the army, the Wehrmacht was in 1st place in the world in 1941.
          1. eagle
            eagle owl 8 October 2019 13: 43 New
            0
            Good words - "horseback", I'll take it into service good
            But in general - this was precisely what the Wehrmacht provided for such mobility ... It’s clear that it’s more interesting to talk about the tanks of Guderian and Goth, but the tank armada itself - as before the cavalry - is capable of giving a thrush. but don’t take for example a bridgehead - infantry is needed, infantry) And the Germans had precisely horseization and helped to consolidate the success of the fast Heinz. He ran fast, and behind him pehtur with artillery - and pick them out try
            1. goose
              goose 8 October 2019 17: 08 New
              0
              Quote: Uhu
              He ran fast, and behind him pehtur with artillery - and pick them out try

              Not even guns — convoys, personal belongings, food, all this went without lagging behind the infantry, and the combat readiness of the units did not fall. Moreover, the horses were good, European, large, which could carry a large load.
      2. burigaz2010
        burigaz2010 17 August 2019 06: 59 New
        +8
        [quote] [/ quote] And forgive my dear friend, but where did the USSR take people to the crew of the T34? Or, again, will you yell about 100500 milenos of Russian barbarians? For reference, count the population of the USSR and Germany, just don’t forget almost the whole of Europe that fought for the Germans! And the Germans had enough fuel for it before the start of the mass bombing! So urgently learn materiel!
        1. armata_armata
          armata_armata 18 August 2019 07: 20 New
          -5
          And forgive my dear friend, but where did the USSR take people to the crew of the T34? Or, again, will you yell about 100500 milenos of Russian barbarians? For reference, count the population of the USSR and Germany, just don’t forget almost the whole of Europe that fought for the Germans! And the Germans had enough fuel for it before the start of the mass bombing! So urgently learn materiel!

          Another miraculous miracle from WOT, well, tell us how from the captured peoples of Europe everyone fled to the Wehrmacht, that not all that half the saboteurs were, but how to blather it, how not to blather ...
          Probably because of the lack of gasoline, the Wehrmacht 50 000 t-34 did not contain lol
          ps Modern disadvantages from the VO would definitely lead Germany to victory, but only in the WOT and not elsewhere
          1. goose
            goose 10 September 2019 11: 26 New
            0
            Quote: armata_armata
            Probably because of the lack of gasoline, the Wehrmacht 50 000 t-34 did not contain

            And in the Red Army there were so many tanks?
            You probably didn’t read the Wehrmacht’s choice of a large repair strategy; as a result, the repair parts were several times larger than in the Red Army. The USSR chose a minor repair strategy in parts with an emphasis on the production of new tanks. Industry and tank design were more suitable for such a strategy. Therefore, the Germans formally have fewer destroyed tanks, because all were smashed into Germany or France for overhaul. The USSR did not have logistic opportunities for such expensive tricks.
    2. sabakina
      sabakina 16 August 2019 20: 59 New
      +2
      Quote: Uhu
      The Germans ... A good head, sorry for the fool, "Maxim Perepelitsa"

  3. Prisoner
    Prisoner 16 August 2019 19: 35 New
    +1
    Who won the best tank. What tanks in Europe stood and stood on a pedestal? Here is a mustache!
    1. 2 Level Advisor
      2 Level Advisor 16 August 2019 20: 29 New
      0
      and if not with slogans, but with the brain to think, yes with analysis? and the barbarians who ravaged Rome had better horses, therefore they won, and who won the better? and footcloths and food and radio stations? a little primitive logic .. that the tiger that t-34- masterpieces, each in its own niche ..
  4. Alex013
    Alex013 16 August 2019 19: 36 New
    +5
    Four of them fought enough ... from Iraq to Yugoslavia 90's
  5. Grossvater
    Grossvater 16 August 2019 19: 36 New
    +6
    What is the article about? Collected infa from Murzilka.
    No attempt at analysis.
    Lyapov full. At the beginning of the war, German tanks were never intended to fight against enemy tanks.
    The Comet’s gun was weaker than the Panther’s. The author safely confuses the 17 foot of Firefly and Archer with a shortened Comet weapon. The Comet Cannon in its initial speed corresponds very closely to the KWK 40.
    In general, there’s nothing to talk about. ZIS With 53, if it was stronger than KWK 40, it is very insignificant. In any case, the difference in muzzle energy was completely compensated by the quality of the shells. 76 graph paper Sherman generally ballistic twin German 48 caliber gun.
    It would be interesting to know what such 100 are; 122; 152 mm guns were in service with the "Countries of the anti-Hitler coalition." We had a hundredth only with us, and the 48-line and the 6-inch are also only with the Red Army and, obviously, the author does not know this, with the Wehrmacht.
    1. maxcor1974
      maxcor1974 16 August 2019 21: 04 New
      +8
      A review article. VO is read not only by experts, but also by people for the first time delving into the topic, and it is designed for them. And for a deeper familiarization, there is special literature, the volume of which exceeds this format.
      1. mat-vey
        mat-vey 17 August 2019 07: 33 New
        +1
        "but also people for the first time delving into the topic, it is designed for them." - and why immediately treat them with myths?
    2. mat-vey
      mat-vey 17 August 2019 07: 29 New
      0
      Yes, here myths that are hackneyed except for mistakes are the most vivid about the “Tiger” .... It seems that in May 1941 just wanted to get acquainted with the T-34 and KV, and the “Tiger” was already being launched and it was like a breakthrough tank.
      1. svp67
        svp67 17 August 2019 07: 40 New
        0
        Quote: mat-vey
        It seems that in May 1941 only wanted to get acquainted with the T-34 and KV, and the Tiger was already being launched, and it was just like a breakthrough tank.

        Yeah, just the Germans had already "met" the English "Matilda" and this "acquaintance" impressed them
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 17 August 2019 07: 45 New
          0
          It seems like the French were impressed.
          1. svp67
            svp67 17 August 2019 11: 54 New
            +1
            Quote: mat-vey
            It seems like the French were impressed.

            The French, after the 1940 year, left the stage, together with France, but the English remained opponents and we had to learn to fight them. What the Germans did. Starting to design new tanks, as well as the development of new anti-tank weapons, with great capabilities for armor penetration.
            1. mat-vey
              mat-vey 17 August 2019 13: 26 New
              0
              Only now the technical characteristics of the Germans approved a new breakthrough tank right after they met the French tanks and as a result of the company as a whole. And that was in May 1941 of the year.
              1. svp67
                svp67 17 August 2019 13: 38 New
                +5
                Quote: mat-vey
                after meeting with French tanks and the result of the company as a whole

                Yeah, and they "did not notice" the British tanks there?
                "... On May 20 of 1940, Lord Gort, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, ordered the counterattack of the advancing German forces in the Arras area. The next morning, the British task force of Franklin, consisting of the 5 and 50 infantry divisions, supported by 74 1 tanks army armored brigade and units of the 3-th French mechanized division, launched a counterattack that fell on the rear of the 7-th German tank division Rommel. These forces were too small to achieve a decisive result, but, nevertheless, the Germans pone Whether heavy losses. The German 37-mm anti-tank guns could not stop, "Matilda" and only entering into battle all the artillery, and the first 88-mm anti-aircraft guns, Rommel managed to detain the British ... "

                Matilda II, lined with Arras.
                1. mat-vey
                  mat-vey 17 August 2019 13: 57 New
                  0
                  "Tiger" was made as a tank breakthrough long-term defense.
                  "The main purpose of the tank of the future tank was considered to be the breakthrough of the enemy’s long-term defense. It was assumed that the infantry divisions would have about 20 of such tanks. These vehicles were needed as an armored ram that would allow the use of more lightly armored tanks."
                  1. svp67
                    svp67 17 August 2019 14: 03 New
                    +1
                    Quote: mat-vey
                    "Tiger" was made as a tank breakthrough long-term defense.

                    That's right, we have a similar technique was called "tanks of high-quality gain." It remains only to recall that the Germans chose exactly the best anti-tank guns of the 88 caliber for its armament, that is, putting anti-tank properties at the forefront and prepared it to fight far from the French tanks.
                    1. mat-vey
                      mat-vey 17 August 2019 14: 10 New
                      0
                      7,5 cm had "anti-tank properties" higher. In the future, it was generally planned to install 10,5 cm guns to improve the fight against fortifications. And 8,8 cm was kind of like a temporary option with an improved high-explosive (compared to 7,5 cm) projectile, but as it turned out not much it is better .
                      1. svp67
                        svp67 17 August 2019 14: 16 New
                        +1
                        Quote: mat-vey
                        .In the future, it was generally planned to install 10,5 cm guns to improve the fight against fortifications

                        Nevertheless, On the "Royal Tiger" put a more powerful 88 ...
                      2. mat-vey
                        mat-vey 17 August 2019 14: 20 New
                        +1
                        And it was no longer up to the “prospects”. And the tank crews had the “Tigers”, that the “Panthers” constantly whined, that they did not have a normal “land mine” against infantry and fortifications.
                        PySy seems to be used as a cumulative 8,8 more often than a regular landmine.
                        It seems like they made a breakthrough tank, but something incomprehensible happened.
                      3. svp67
                        svp67 17 August 2019 14: 26 New
                        0
                        Quote: mat-vey
                        It seems like they made a breakthrough tank, but something incomprehensible happened.

                        The most interesting thing is that they are still continuing to do this
                      4. mat-vey
                        mat-vey 17 August 2019 14: 27 New
                        0
                        Now the main means of "breakthrough" nuclear weapons.
                      5. svp67
                        svp67 17 August 2019 14: 50 New
                        +1
                        Quote: mat-vey
                        Now the main means of "breakthrough" nuclear weapons.

                        It was, now it is rapidly changing to the WTO
  • Thrifty
    Thrifty 16 August 2019 19: 39 New
    +4
    The author, in fact, simply listed the tanks, but could have specifically walked by type and model! So maybe about German aviation he could write a micro review about nothing! And about the fleet. ..No details in the article! !!
  • Catfish
    Catfish 16 August 2019 20: 55 New
    +9
    Something the author completely ignored German light tanks. But when Hitler started the war, there was an overwhelming majority of them in the Wehrmacht.
    But the absolutely worthless “Mouse” took an honorable place in the article, where would it be without him. request




    1. Catfish
      Catfish 16 August 2019 21: 09 New
      +2
      From top to bottom: TI, T-II, 36 (t), 38 (t), TI (C, E, D, E). soldier
      1. Solo2503
        Solo2503 16 August 2019 21: 54 New
        +2
        And the 3 drawing is not 35 (t) by the hour?
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 16 August 2019 21: 58 New
          +1
          Yeah, I have a typo. Thanks for the amendment. hi
  • Plague doctor
    Plague doctor 16 August 2019 21: 38 New
    +4
    The Germans had to rivet to the maximum Pz.Kpfw.IV, a kind of soldier’s tank, and the Tiger, despite the best tank gun, good armor was defenseless against artillery, aircraft due to its slowness. Raw Panther with a bunch of childhood diseases and as a result of breakdowns, too, was nothing interesting.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 16 August 2019 21: 44 New
      +5
      A good definition was chosen for the T-IV, a colleague, namely a "tank soldier" like our "thirty-four". hi
      1. Alf
        Alf 16 August 2019 22: 08 New
        +3
        Quote: Sea Cat
        A good definition was chosen for the T-IV, a colleague, namely a "tank soldier" like our "thirty-four". hi

        And there was a variant of the T-4, equipped with a Panther gun. This would be a really deadly adversary. The gun is powerful, mobility is good, there is reliability and MUCH can be done.
        1. armata_armata
          armata_armata 17 August 2019 00: 18 New
          +1
          And there was a variant of the T-4, equipped with a Panther gun. This would be a really deadly adversary. The gun is powerful, mobility is good, there is reliability and MUCH can be done.

          Only a small problem was that the T-4 after installing a new turret with a cannon from a panther (it couldn’t fit into the old 75 mm long barrel), the chassis collapsed, unable to withstand the load ...
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 17 August 2019 01: 43 New
            0
            Collapsed immediately after installation, due to the weight of the turret with a gun? Their design engineers were half-educated and did not calculate the weight and load in advance?
            1. armata_armata
              armata_armata 17 August 2019 11: 46 New
              -2
              Collapsed immediately after installation, due to the weight of the turret with a gun?

              After I tried to ride a range with this gun
              Their design engineers were half-educated and did not calculate the weight and load in advance?

              Their engineers thought like some of the above and tried to cram into the unbearable
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 18 August 2019 17: 48 New
                -1
                Their engineers thought like some of the above


                I see Toto, neither for the whole war, nor for decades later, they have not produced anything worthwhile. laughing
                1. armata_armata
                  armata_armata 19 August 2019 12: 38 New
                  0
                  I see Toto, neither for the whole war, nor for decades later, they have not produced anything worthwhile.

                  Let’s think the first ballistic missiles of the USSR were a copy of the V-2, and the worthless Nazi Von Braun designed in Saturn which he delivered the Americans into space lol
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 18 August 2019 23: 38 New
      +1
      "The Germans had to rivet to the maximum Pz.Kpfw.IV, a kind of tank soldier," ///
      ----
      The Pz.Kpfw.IV chassis did not draw the weight of the armor that was needed
      set from 43 years. And a heavier turret with a larger caliber gun
      it was impossible to establish. The tank has exhausted itself.
      The tiger and Panther started up for a reason.
  • mik193
    mik193 17 August 2019 14: 23 New
    +1
    I dare to correct it. On Pz.IV tanks, a 75-mm long-barreled cannon with a length of 43 calibres began to be installed with modification F, after which they began to divide this modification into two parts F1 and F2, respectively, with short-barreled and long-barreled guns. The 48-caliber gun began to be installed with modification G.
  • BAI
    BAI 17 August 2019 21: 57 New
    0
    Considering the means of fighting German tanks, the author never remembered the true "St. John's wort" - SU-100.
    1. bk0010
      bk0010 18 August 2019 13: 49 New
      0
      SU-100 appeared late (February 45), was widely noted only at the Balaton.
  • bistrov.
    bistrov. 19 August 2019 06: 55 New
    0
    "... T-3 came out victorious ...." Nonsense., How can 37 mm. cannon come out "winner" over the 45 mm. cannon that most Soviet tanks were armed with
    The reason here is different, in the organization, that's all. As soon as strict discipline and order appeared in the troops of the Red Army, neither the Panthers, nor the Tigers, nor the Mickey Mouse helped the Nazis ...
  • yehat
    yehat 19 August 2019 17: 22 New
    0
    Quote: Uhu
    In general, the "gloomy Teutonic genius." On the one hand - like breakthrough models. On the other hand, the notorious "long conveyor" that the Americans still consider the main reason for the Wehrmacht's defeat - if against one, but very good tank, the enemy makes the 10 34-ok worse at the same time with the same effort - 1 Tiger is not a tenant . Again, in the 41, they were convinced that the superprotected HF is not a panacea, since there is no way at all. And they make Panthers, I’m driving for an hour - I’ll take two ... On the same rake. They could not do the medium tank, the panther, as the author noted, was heavy in weight, although in all other respects the medium was clearly thought of as medium ...
    The Germans ... A good head, sorry for the fool, "Maxim Perepelitsa"

    the panther was raw and not without jambs (half-blind in comparison with a tiger or t3)
    but when she was finished in 44, she showed herself perfectly.
    as for sq, what do you mean? kv-1a, kv-1e, kv-1s? These are very different cars.
  • yehat
    yehat 19 August 2019 17: 26 New
    +1
    Quote: bistrov.
    "... T-3 came out victorious ...." Nonsense., How can 37 mm. cannon come out "winner" over the 45 mm. cannon that most Soviet tanks were armed with

    very simple. A good anti-caliber projectile, 30mm armor (up to 50) against BT bulletproof armor, better quality armor steel than the Red Army expected to meet, better crew conditions and tactics.
    It so happened that our bt-5, bt-7 and t26 couldn’t penetrate t3 in the forehead, and he punched them from any distance.
    With a high firing rate of 37mm guns, this is already tin. But even worse, the infantry divisions were literally flooded with hundreds of trunks of 37mm guns and these guns were mastered for many years.
    They literally mowed BT who tried to attack without fiction in the forehead.
  • yehat
    yehat 19 August 2019 17: 31 New
    0
    Quote: bk0010
    SU-100 appeared late (February 45), was widely noted only at the Balaton.

    I don’t know how she marked. I looked at all the photos of the tanks crashed there - at least 2/3 of them were hit by conventional cannons (57 and 76 mm) in the sides (literally everyone got 5-10 hits on board). On the forehead there are lined, but mainly Su-122 or Su-152 with large armor breaks, and very few traces of hits of the Su-100.
    my grandfather was there, but fired from a mortar.
  • yehat
    yehat 19 August 2019 17: 41 New
    0
    Quote: Kars
    Can holivar about the best tank to arrange wow)))

    tank the best in everything just can not be
    You can arrange a competition in niches for specialization.
    for example, the best light tank (I would call a stuart)
    the best average general purpose (here equal Bodalovo between t4, t34 and Sherman (m. s-35))
    the best light tank destroyer (hatzer, marder, su-76, m10, etc.)
    the best tank destroyer (su-100, yardpenter, etc.)
    best pt support (I consider su-122 or shtug-3 or hellcat to be the best)
    the best heavy tank (spores like is2 or churchil7 or tiger-1 or tiger-2 or pershing or b1-bis or kv-1)
    the best artesau (in my opinion, American M12 or Hummel)
    the best tank against tanks (in my opinion, the dispute between panther, roof, comet, t4f2, firefly, t34-57, matilda-2, etc.)

    moreover, it is possible to deduce absolutely the best, but it is possible at the time of appearance or in how I managed to enter the war.
  • aleksandaravin
    aleksandaravin 21 August 2019 12: 18 New
    0
    For the Germans - Good tactics (not Strategy), Good Technique! But Always Little and Late!
  • yehat
    yehat 21 August 2019 13: 18 New
    0
    Quote: aleksandaravin
    For the Germans - Good tactics (not Strategy), Good Technique! But Always Little and Late!

    but here I would not agree. they put the tiger in a very timely manner
    Following the results of 4 years, the modernization of T41 was also very timely.
    shtug-3 turned into 3g on time too.
    strategy is also on top. The only problem I consider is that they essentially profiled active work on tanks in the years 40-41, poorly investing in tank production.
    They were late with the modernization of tanks to attack the USSR.
    Only the panther and, to a certain extent, the yagdpanther were late to the front from the new ones.