Military Review

Suren Kasparyan. Hero-gunner who destroyed five German tanks in one battle

32
August 15 marks the 95th anniversary of the birth of Hero of the Soviet Union Suren Akopovich Kasparyan. The brave Soviet gunner in one of the battles knocked out five of his guns at once tanks the enemy. And this is only one of the exploits of Suren Akopovich during the war.




Fight on the Magnushevsky bridgehead


In August 1944, Soviet troops pushed the Nazis to the west. The troops of the 1 Belorussian Front under the command of the Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky carried out the Lublin-Brest offensive operation, liberating the western regions of Belarus from invaders.

At the very beginning of August, units of the 8 Guards Army, commanded by Colonel General Vasily Ivanovich Chuykov, crossed the Vistula and occupied a site on the left bank of the river. So they ended up in the area of ​​the city of Magnuszew, which is 60 kilometers from Warsaw.

Crossings were made by engineering units, and by the end of the day 1 August 1944, units of the 25, 35, 57 and 79 Guards Rifle Divisions were transferred to the left bank of the Vistula. Soviet soldiers managed to expand the occupied bridgehead to 15 kilometers in front and to 5 kilometers in depth.



Already on August 2-4, units of the 8-th Guards Army managed to completely occupy Magnushev and expand the bridgehead to 44 kilometers along the front and to 15 kilometers in depth. So the site occupied by Soviet troops was named Magnushevsky bridgehead.

The fights were fierce. Already on August 5, the Nazis launched a counterattack, throwing 2 tank and 1 infantry divisions into Soviet positions. Hitlerites covered from the air aviation - Luftwaffe aircraft made up to 600 sorties per day, attacking the positions of the Soviet troops.

Later, Marshal Rokossovsky recalled that the defenders of the Magnushevsky bridgehead as part of the Lublin-Brest operation had a particularly difficult time. And the most outstanding role in the victory of the Soviet troops belonged to the army commander, Colonel General Vasily Ivanovich Chuykov, one of the most talented Soviet military leaders.

I must say bluntly that we managed to defend it largely because the defense was led by the commander of the 8th Guards Army Vasily Ivanovich Chuykov. He was there all the time, in hell itself. True and the front command did everything to provide timely assistance to the fighting forces with front-line means and aviation,

- wrote later Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky.

The command was forced to send the 8-th Panzer Corps of the 16-th Panzer Army, the 2-th Infantry Division and the 3-th Panzer Brigade of the 1-th Army of the Polish Army to help the 1 Guards Army. From the air, Soviet troops and Polish soldiers covered the planes of the 6 and 16 air armies. As a result, despite the fierce onslaught of the Nazis, the Soviet and Polish soldiers managed to repel their attacks and retain the Magnushevsky bridgehead. The importance of the Magnushevsky bridgehead was once again confirmed during the Warsaw-Poznan operation of the 1945 of the year - in January of the 1945 of the year, it was from this bridgehead that the troops of the 1 Belorussian Front delivered powerful blows to the positions of the Nazis who were trying to defend the territory of Poland from the advancing Soviet units.



On August 20 of 1944, during the next fights on the bridgehead, Hitler's command threw infantry and 40 medium and heavy tanks into Soviet positions. 19 tanks attacked the firing point of the 86 Guards Separate Fighter-Anti-Tank Division of the 82 Guards Rifle Division of the 8 Guards Army.

The gunner at the point was Guard Sergeant Suren Kasparyan. Five days earlier, on 15 of August, he was only twenty years old. But the young man had already had a year of war and almost two years of service in the ranks of the Red Army.

Guy from Karabakh


Suren Akopovich Kasparyan was born on August 15 1924 of the year. That is, he belonged to the generation most affected by the war - it was his peers who made up the bulk of the conscripts and young Soviet lieutenants. It was them who were born in the early twenties of the twentieth century that this “terrible war” most “thinned”. Yesterday’s tenth graders, students, young workers, Soviet boys and girls went to the front. And not everyone managed to survive.

By the way, the Armenians have proven themselves during the years of World War II. To this day, people's memory keeps the names of the famous Soviet military leaders Baghramyan, Babajanyan, brave heroes Gukas Madoyan, Garegin Balayan, Sergey Oganov, Lazar Chapchakhov, an amazing intelligence officer Gevork Vartanyan and many other outstanding children of the Armenian people. Many of the Armenians gave their lives on the fronts of World War II, defending their homeland, the Soviet Union, from the enemy. Among the Armenians - heroes of the Great Patriotic War, the artilleryman Suren Akopovich Kasparyan also occupies an honorable place.

The Karabakh Armenian, Suren was from the village of Kylyzhbakh, Stepanakert district of Nagorno-Karabakh. His parents, simple peasants, soon moved to permanent residence in Tashkent - the capital of the Uzbek SSR. There, in those years, industry was actively developing and labor was required. In Tashkent, young Suren graduated from high school on the basis of 7 classes, after which he got a job as a turner at the Gorky Tashkent shoe factory. In general, Suren went along the standard path of the Soviet working boy - a typical representative of his generation.

Suren Kasparyan. Hero-gunner who destroyed five German tanks in one battle


In Tashkent, the young man met the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. But since he was not yet 18 years old, Suren was not drafted into the army. It only became operational in the Red Army a year and a half after the German attack on the Soviet Union - in December 1942. He was sent to study in the regimental school of artillery gunners, after which Suren received the rank of sergeant and in October 1943 of the year he was sent to the front, as part of the army.

Sergeant Kasparyan served as a gunner in the very 86 Guards Separate Anti-Tank Fighter Division of the 82 Guards Rifle Division of the 8 Guards Army, General Chuikov, who fought fierce battles on the Magnushevsky Square in August 1944. In battles on the bridgehead, the young man also met his second anniversary in his life - he was twenty years old. But Sergeant Kasparian 15 met this date on August at the Magnushevsky bridgehead, in the hardest battles with enemy troops.

One vs tanks


The Nazis tried to knock out Soviet soldiers from captured positions, using the power of tank units thrown at Magnushevsky bridgehead. It seemed to them that heavy German tanks would be able to crush the Soviet units and free the captured area from the Soviet infantry.

19 enemy tanks moved into battle on the gunpoint of Sergeant Kasparyan. The Soviet sergeant entered into an unequal battle with superior enemy forces. But the first shot from the gun he managed to knock out an enemy tank. The armored monster caught fire, which inspired the gunner and he continued to fire at Hitler’s vehicles advancing on him.

Four more German Tiger tanks flashed one after another. Hitler's officers, confident that they would be able to suppress the resistance of the Soviet guns, doubted the success of the offensive - they saw what happened to five of the nineteen tanks thrown into the offensive. Thus, Kasparyan knocked out a quarter of all the tanks advancing on him. And the Nazis began to retreat, which inspired the Soviet soldiers who switched to a counterattack.

But one of the tanks managed to get to the gun point with several shots and destroy the gun. Sergeant Suren Kasparyan was seriously injured. But in this state, he remained on the battlefield until the commander ordered to transfer the wounded warrior to the rear. The feat of the sergeant-gunner became an impressive example of the military courage of Soviet soldiers. Regardless of nationality, Soviet soldiers died, were injured, but fought to the last, freeing their native land from Nazi invaders.

The award sheet of Sergeant Kasparyan was personally signed by the commander of the 8 Guards Army, Colonel General Chuykov. In the document, the commander noted that the sergeant, with his feat, inspired the infantrymen to move forward, as a result of which the bridgehead in the Vistula area was captured and expanded. Sergeant Kasparyan was presented to the high rank of a Hero of the Soviet Union and on November 18 of November 1944, by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, was awarded the Gold Star of a Hero.



Suren Akopovich got it quite deservedly, because he made a real feat - he managed not to get lost and knocked out five Nazi tanks from one gun. Unconditional evidence of the sergeant’s courage was the fact that even the wounded, he did not leave his position.

After the war


Hero of the Soviet Union Suren Kasparyan continued to serve in the Red Army until 1947, when he was demobilized. After the war and demobilization, Suren Kasparyan returned to his native Tashkent, worked at a local garment factory. A simple and modest man, he returned to a peaceful life - the very one for which he fought and for which millions of his contemporaries gave their lives.

But in 1951, he was again drafted into the Soviet Army, graduated from courses at the Rostov Artillery School, and in 1952, from lieutenant courses at the Odessa Artillery School named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze, after which he received officer epaulets. Suren Kasparyan continued his service in the army until the 1956 of the year, when he entered the reserve with the rank of captain.

After leaving the reserve, Suren Kasparyan moved to the Armenian SSR, to its capital Yerevan, where he got a job as a foreman at the Yerevan Automobile Plant. He honestly lived and worked at the factory until his retirement. Suren Akopovich Kasparyan died on 3 on January 1994, before he reached his seventieth birthday.

The life and feat of Suren Kasparyan is another evidence of the international participation of Soviet citizens in the Great Patriotic War. The victory over Nazi Germany was forged by joint efforts, the joint blood of all Soviet people - Armenians and Azerbaijanis, Russians and Jews, Ukrainians and Tatars, Uzbeks and Kyrgyz. Each Soviet people made its own individual contribution to the great cause of liberating the country from German invaders.

Today, in some of the former Soviet republics, nationalists who reject the Soviet Union raised their heads historyarguing about an imaginary "Soviet occupation". But denying the great role of the USSR, including in the formation of their own states, they spit on their own history, insult the memory of the heroes of their own peoples, who side by side, shoulder to shoulder stood against the invaders, together built a single state - one of the strongest world powers.
Author:
Photos used:
ruspekh.ru
32 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 15 August 2019 06: 30 New
    +9
    so far, human memory keeps the names of the famous Soviet military leaders Baghramyan, Babajanyan

    They are from one unique Armenian village in Karabakh, like aircraft designer Mikoyan, several more generals and heroes of the Soviet Union.
    All Armenians fled from there today ....
    In sequence blazed four more German tanks of type "Tiger»
    . recourse
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 15 August 2019 06: 50 New
      +7
      that’s what comrades need to be proud of!
    2. Pedrodepackes
      Pedrodepackes 15 August 2019 07: 46 New
      +5
      Quote: Olgovich
      In the battle on the gunpoint of Sergeant Kasparyan

      But with the first shot from the gun he managed to knock out an enemy tank .... which inspired the gunner and he continued to fire at Hitler’s vehicles advancing on him.
      I didn’t understand something, but was he the only one? I understand that the story of one of ... but somehow pushing the others for the sake of sticking out the feat of one is not good.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 15 August 2019 08: 21 New
        +7
        Quote: Pedrodepackes
        I didn’t understand something, but was he the only one? I understand that the story of one of ... but somehow pushing the others for the sake of sticking out the feat of one is not good.

        And that too.
        Some doubt that the Tigers burned
      2. Seal
        Seal 15 August 2019 10: 10 New
        +8
        The sergeant Dmitry Zabarov commanded the gun. For this battle he was presented for awarding the Order of Lenin. But they approved the awarding of only the Order of the Red Banner.


        By the way, V.I. Chuykov did not even remember the name of Kasparyan. From the memoirs of V.I. Chuykov.
        In the morning, a battle broke out.
        The regiments of the 47th Guards Rifle Division barely managed to take their positions when enemy tanks rushed at them. 19 tanks moved to the infantry positions from the flank. There stood a well-camouflaged anti-tank gun of senior sergeant Dmitry Zabarov. Having let the tanks down 300 meters, the crew opened fire and, on the first shot, set fire to one tank. The Nazis turned to enter from the other side. Gunner Tsaren Kasparyan took advantage of this. Two shots - and another heavy tank froze on the spot, and a minute later a third caught fire. The Nazis tried to break through a frontal strike, but the gunners did not flinch. They knocked out two more tanks.

        During the battle, gunner Kasparyan, charging Kutsenko and castle Mashenkin were wounded, but did not move away from the gun.

        The infantrymen fought bravely with tanks.
        1. genisis
          genisis 16 August 2019 16: 19 New
          0
          By the way, in this version of Chuikov’s memoirs http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/chuykov2/03.html Kasparyan’s name is Karen. So your speculation, about whether Chuikov remembered the name or did not remember, turned out to be a dummy again. However, do you get used to it?

          "In the morning a fight broke out.

          The regiments of the 47th Guards Rifle Division barely managed to take their positions when enemy tanks rushed at them. 19 tanks moved to the infantry positions from the flank. There stood a well-camouflaged anti-tank gun of senior sergeant Dmitry Zabarov. Having let them down 300 meters, the crew opened fire and on the first shot set fire to one tank. The Nazis turned to enter from the other side. Gunner Karen Kasparyan took advantage of this. Two shots - and another heavy tank froze on the spot, and another minute later a third caught fire. The Nazis tried to break through a frontal blow, but the gunners did not flinch. They knocked out two more tanks.

          During the battle, gunner Kasparyan, loader Kutsenko and castle Mashenkin were wounded, but did not move away from the gun. "
    3. the finish
      the finish 16 August 2019 20: 35 New
      +3
      Mikoyan is from another village of Sanahin in Armenia, and Baghramyan and many others from a truly unique village in Karabakh Chardakhlu.
    4. genisis
      genisis 19 August 2019 21: 45 New
      0
      Where did the Armenians “escape” from? From Chardahlu? This is the name of the native village of Baghramyan and Babajanyan. It was from this village that Azerbaijan began to increase pressure in 1987, which ultimately led to an armed confrontation. And the memorial to the heroes of the Chardakhlins was instantly destroyed. The Armenians didn’t run away, they were simply squeezed out of their native places.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 15 August 2019 07: 59 New
    +2
    Just a man, just a Hero, eternal glory to the defenders of OUR MOTHERLAND
  3. BAI
    BAI 15 August 2019 09: 38 New
    +5
    Four more German Tiger tanks flashed one after another.

    1. Most likely not the Tigers, but the T-IV.
    The award sheet of Sergeant Kasparyan was personally signed by the commander of the 8th Guards Army, Colonel General Chuykov.

    Unfortunately, neither in the Memory of the people, nor on the Feat of the people, this document is. There is only an anniversary award of the Order of the Great Patriotic War.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 15 August 2019 11: 23 New
      +5
      Most likely not the Tigers, but the T-IV.
      ,, in this sector against the 82nd Guards Rifle Division operated German 19TD and TD SS "G.Gering". For 19 TDs, I can say that as of 01.09.1944/XNUMX/XNUMX they had:
      Pz IV -62 of which under repair 37
      Pz V -53 of which are under repair 12.


  4. BAI
    BAI 15 August 2019 09: 46 New
    +2
    There is still a similar feat. In 1941. But there the main character is a finesman. Therefore - forgotten. Also an artilleryman, also one:
    In the German column - 59 tanks, dozens of machine gunners and motorcyclists.
    ......
    For 2.5 hours of battle, Nikolai Sirotinin repulsed all enemy attacks, destroying 11 tanks, 7 armored vehicles, 57 soldiers and officers.
    .........
    After the war, Sirotinin was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the XNUMXst degree. But the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was not presented.


    All the same, it was a penalty.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 August 2019 11: 06 New
      +4
      Quote: BAI
      There is still a similar feat. In 1941. But there the main character is a finesman. Therefore - forgotten. Also a gunner, also alone

      With Sirotinin, the story is rather murky. Because it is not clear how he ended up in that place and at that time, from which guns he was firing, and who the Germans were, on whose evidence the legend rests.
      And most importantly - exactly at the same time and in the same place, the 2nd battalion of the 409th rifle regiment of the 137th rifle division (600 men, 12 machine guns, 4 45-mm anti-tank vehicles and a "stray" 122-mm howitzer) fought commanded by Captain Kim. And about the course of that battle, both documentary evidence and memories have been preserved - and from both sides.
      1. bubalik
        bubalik 15 August 2019 11: 43 New
        +1
        With Sirotinin, the story is quite muddy
        hi Have you read about V. Ogurtsov?
    2. Fitter65
      Fitter65 15 August 2019 13: 19 New
      12
      Quote: BAI
      There is still a similar feat. In 1941. But there the main character is a finesman.
      From the beginning we study history, read, study historical documents
      The formation of penal battalions and companies and barrage units was laid by order No. 227 of the People's Commissar of Defense (NPO) of the USSR I.V. Stalin July 28, 1942

      And then we write about the "penalty box" from 1941, so as not to look as if a flock of well-fed crows flew over you ... hi
      1. BAI
        BAI 15 August 2019 16: 00 New
        +1
        And until 1942, there were no mistakes and no one (especially the encircled people) was sent into battle to "redeem"?
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 16 August 2019 00: 51 New
          +3
          Quote: BAI
          And until 1942, there were no mistakes and no one (especially the encircled people) was sent into battle to "redeem"?

          And again, read the story, look at the documents of that time, and find out how many people were sent for reformation, how many were detained, and so on. And then in your alternative story again it turns out that the Red Army consisted of 50% of fines and 50% of those who drove them into battle.
          1. BAI
            BAI 16 August 2019 09: 04 New
            0
            But we don’t need about everyone, we’re talking about one specific person.
            1. Fitter65
              Fitter65 16 August 2019 12: 12 New
              +2
              Quote: BAI
              But we don’t need about everyone, we’re talking about one specific person.

              And what do historical documents say about this one particular person? By what tribunal was he (?) Convicted, under what article for how long, where was he ordered to serve his sentence? Let's take more specifics, rather than throwing the digested oats onto the fan.
  5. The comment was deleted.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. Seal
    Seal 15 August 2019 10: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: Olgovich
    They are from one unique Armenian village in Karabakh, like aircraft designer Mikoyan, several more generals and heroes of the Soviet Union.
    The question is how good for the state is such a way of nominating to leading posts through fraternity, when one, who has advanced and managed to gain a foothold, drags fellow countrymen along with him.
    Take the Dnepropetrovsk clan of our dear Leonid Ilyich.
    Dnepropetrovsk clan - a financial and political group formed by the principle fraternity Dnepropetrovsk, where at the beginning of his political career, Brezhnev worked. In the last years of the existence of the USSR, almost half of the representatives of the executive branch in Ukraine were from Dnepropetrovsk. A kind of founding fathers of the clan were Leonid Brezhnev and Vladimir Shcherbitsky. The clan included the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR N. A. Tikhonov, Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU A. P. Kirilenko, Minister of the Interior N. A. Shchelokov, Assistant Secretary General A. I. Blatov, Secretary General Secretary G. E. Tsukanov, etc.
    1. Oquzyurd
      Oquzyurd 15 August 2019 21: 01 New
      -1
      "The question is, how good is this method of promotion to leading posts for the state, through fellowship," This process among Armenians continues to this day, as during the Second World War, nothing has changed.
  7. Seal
    Seal 15 August 2019 10: 35 New
    +2
    Quote: Cetron
    How much you feel like throwing shit
    Or maybe it just didn’t have to be produced in such huge volumes?
  8. The comment was deleted.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. The comment was deleted.
  9. CosmoKot
    CosmoKot 15 August 2019 22: 08 New
    -1
    Another glassmaker / panfilovec
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 16 August 2019 00: 53 New
      +1
      Excuse me, STAKNOVETS, who is this?
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Seal
    Seal 19 August 2019 10: 42 New
    0
    Quote: genisis
    Kasparyan's name is Karen. So your speculation, about whether Chuikov remembered the name or did not remember, turned out to be a dummy again. However, do you get used to it?
    What a terrible dislike you have for me. Because of this hostility, you wrote (above), and you do not even understand that you wrote something against yourself. I noticed that V.I. Chuikov not only didn’t write anything at the performance of Suren Kasparyan, but even didn’t remember his name, since in his memoirs he wrote his name as “Tsaren”. And you also presented that in another version of his memoirs V.I. Chuikov called Suren - Karen.
    So, it turns out that V.I. Chuykov used two versions of the name of Kasparyan in two versions of his memoirs and none was correct. With what I congratulate you. However, are you used to it? hi
    1. genisis
      genisis 19 August 2019 16: 50 New
      0
      You almost correctly wrote about hostility. Only this is also a squeamish dislike. Squeamish about your resourcefulness, deceit and unprincipledness.
      Firstly, there are no two versions of Vasily Chuykov’s memoirs. Where did you get your passage, I do not know, you did not give a link.
      Secondly, what about the fact that Vasily Ivanovich incorrectly remembered the Armenian name? How did he pronounce the name of Kasparyan, how did the feat accomplished by Kasparyan somehow change?
  12. Seal
    Seal 19 August 2019 10: 58 New
    0
    Quote: genisis
    Your enchanting nonsense about Gukas Madoyan should be correctly called not "analysis", but clinical delirium of an inflamed consciousness.
    Actually, according to you, this is not my "enchanting nonsense", but of a whole detachment of Rostov-on-Don search engines, who recovered the course of those battles almost minute by minute, indicating who and where was, who retreated where.
    As the detachment, led by Madoyan, did not retreat to the territory of the Bread Factory.

    Madoyan did not leave any dying comrades, who later, from your speculations, finished off and burned the Nazis.

    https://mius-front.livejournal.com/8161.html
    Storming Rostov. Madoyan. Fiery days.
    From the afire of the Main Station on the afternoon of February 11, with the help of the train depot drivers, the surviving fighters of the Madoyan group crossed the foundry and tender shops of the steam engine repair plant. Beyond the strong walls of the imperial building, a circular defense was quickly organized. The infantrymen counted every grenade, cherished every cartridge. Having hardly beaten off yet another attack of German submachine gunners and flamethrowers, our soldiers decide to make a breakthrough on the night of February 12. Hiding the seriously wounded in the deep cellars of the workshops, Having collected all the available ammunition at dawn, the fighters of the 159th in full growth went on the attack. Ahead of his comrades, Lieutenant Madoyan was walking with an automatic rifle in his hands, captain Shundenko, deputy commander of the brigade’s political department agitator, was nearby. In the morning with heavy losses Madoyan’s detachment managed to break through the river Temernik to Bratsky Lane and gain a foothold in the territory of bakery No. 1. The fighters had no strength or ammunition to move on.

    So, the search engines noted that Hiding the seriously wounded in the deep basements of the workshops.
    Now we are reasoning. A detachment of Madoyan hid the seriously wounded and left. Who came to that place where he left and where he hid the seriously wounded? Germans came !!!
    There are no more news about the seriously wounded commanders of the 2 battalions left by Madoyan in the history of the war.
    What does this mean ?
    I have already explained 25 times about Baghramyan. And the complaints were to him not only from me, but from IV Stalin.
    Now about this:
    So long ago, in the memoirs of completely different people it is written how this actually happened.
    Really? And what kind of memoirs have you dug up, let me curiosity?
    Can you cite at least one author who, in his memoirs, would touch upon this topic, namely, "what time did you arrive at the location of the Headquarters of the Southwestern Front of Baghramyan and the operational and encryption departments. We are waiting, sir. Although, I suspect that you will again have how is always lol .
    1. genisis
      genisis 19 August 2019 16: 59 New
      0
      Now, as for the search engines you are linking to. They did not answer me, on the basis of which they suggested that the detachment, led by Madoyan, had withdrawn to the territory of the bakery. As for you, you also cannot confirm your slander in any way. At the same time, the entire test of the search engines you refer to is imbued with respect for both Gukas Madoyan and his fighters. Most recently, the last of the soldiers of the detachment of Madoyan passed away. Every year, on the anniversary of the liberation of Rostov-on-Don from the Nazis, participants in those events gathered at the railway station and remembered the past. For all this time, no one doubted that the events of those days described many times contain inaccuracies. And it was written on this topic a lot. And only you, who organically hates everything Armenian, are ready to slander everything and everything that a person with an Armenian surname has to do. Such a position can not cause anything but disgust.
      And what claims did JV Stalin have against Baghramyan?
      Purkayev’s memoirs say when the operations department arrived. You know this very well without me.
      But this doesn’t seem to you true, because Purkaev, who was there, does not know, and such a “magnitude” as you know for sure.
      1. Seal
        Seal 20 August 2019 14: 20 New
        0
        And what claims did JV Stalin have against Baghramyan?

        Directive letter to the Military Council of the Southwestern Front on June 26, 1942
        Here in Moscow, members of the Defense Committee and people from the General Staff decided to remove Comrade Comrade Chief of Staff of the Southwestern Front. Baghramyan. Comrade Baghramyan does not satisfy the Headquarters not only as the chief of staff, called upon to strengthen communications and leadership of the armies, but does not satisfy the Headquarters even as a simple informant, obliged to honestly and truthfully report to the Headquarters about the situation at the front. Moreover, Comrade Baghramyan was unable to learn a lesson from the catastrophe that erupted on the Southwestern Front. Over the course of any three weeks, the Southwestern Front, thanks to its frivolity, not only lost the half-won Kharkov operation, but managed to surrender to the enemy 18–20 divisions.
        This is a catastrophe which, by its detrimental results, is tantamount to a catastrophe with Rennenkampf and Samsonov in East Prussia. After all that happened comrade. Baghramyan could, if he wanted to, learn a lesson and learn something. Unfortunately, this is not yet visible. Now, as before the disaster, the connection between the headquarters and the armies remains unsatisfactory, the information is poor, orders are given to the armies with a delay, the withdrawal of units also occurs with a delay, as a result of which our regiments and divisions are now surrounded just like they were two weeks ago .
        I think this should be done away with. True, you greatly sympathize and highly value Comrade Baghramyan. I think, however, that you are mistaken here, as in many other things.
        We are sending you temporarily as Commander-in-Chief, Deputy Chief of the General Staff Comrade Butina, who knows your front and can do a great service.
        Comrade Baghramyan is appointed Chief of Staff of the 28th Army. If comrade If Baghramyan shows himself on the good side as the chief of staff of the army, I will raise the question of giving him the opportunity to move on.
        It is clear that this is not only a matter of Comrade. The Bagramians. We are also talking about the mistakes of all members of the Military Council and, above all, Comrade. Tymoshenko and comrade Khrushchev. If we told the country in its entirety about the disaster — with the loss of 18–20 divisions that the front has survived and continues to experience, I’m afraid that you would be very cool. Therefore, you must take into account the mistakes you made and take all measures to ensure that from now on they do not take place.
        The main task of the front today is to firmly hold in their hands the eastern bank of the river. Oskol and the northern bank of the river. Seversky Donets, hold at all costs, whatever the cost. All of you, members of the Military Council, will be responsible for the integrity and safety of all our positions on the eastern shore of Oskol, on the northern shore of the Seversky Donets and other sectors of the front.
        We decided to help you and give you six fighter brigades (without divisions), one tank corps, two regiments of RS, several regiments of anti-tank artillery, 800 anti-tank rifles. We can’t give rifle divisions, since we don’t have ready for battle.
        I wish you success
        J. Stalin
      2. Seal
        Seal 20 August 2019 14: 48 New
        0
        Purkayev’s memoirs say when the operations department arrived. You know this very well without me.
        But this doesn’t seem to you true, because Purkaev, who was there, does not know, and such a “magnitude” as you know for sure.
        Wow. It turns out that M.A. Purkaev left his memoirs? And did you find them? fool Share rather with the people lol
        I believe that, being in your repertoire, you are distorting again and Purkaev’s memoirs call him written answers of the Pokrovsky Commission.
        We look at the answers of M.A. Purkaev:

        M.A. Purkaev notes the time of his arrival and the fact that Baghramyan remained with the main column.

        By the way, Baghramyan himself writes in his memoirs that
        According to our calculations, it was not only difficult, but also too noticeable to transport all front-line control by road. Therefore, it was decided to use the railway. The district commander ordered the train to be sent from Kiev in the evening of June 20, and the main headquarters convoy in the morning of the next day.
        “What about the troops?” I asked the chief of staff.
        - So far, an order has been received only regarding the district administrative apparatus. And you need to, without wasting time, prepare all the documentation on the district’s operational plan, including the state border cover plan, and send it by train to the General Staff no later than June XNUMX by train. After that, together with your department, you will follow us in motor vehicles so that you can be at the place in Tarnopol no later than seven in the morning of June twenty-second.
        Naturally, I expressed surprise that the command leaves for the command post without an operations department: after all, if something happens, it will not be able to command troops without at hand either officer operators or secret communication specialists. But the proposal to leave two or three commanders with me, and the others, headed by my deputy, to be sent simultaneously with the Military Council, was not approved by Purkaev. This is not necessary, he explained: by the morning of June 22 the operations department will already be in Tarnopol, and before that it is unlikely to be needed.
        “So everything is going according to plan,” the general impatiently waved his hand, making it clear that there was nothing to waste time talking.
        In the evening of June 20, we spent departing by train, and in the middle of the next day - leaving by car.

        Personally, I get the impression that Baghramyan says that all the bosses left before him. And that no M.A. Purkaev goes with him, he doesn’t go in front of him.
        On Saturday, we finished sending all urgent documents to Moscow. Several buses and trucks drove up to the entrance of the district headquarters. The soldiers and commanders quickly loaded documents, maps, tables, chairs, typewriters. They worked cheerfully, jokes were heard, laughter.
        It was still light when our convoy crossed the crowded city blocks and got out onto the Zhitomir highway. I was driving a car in the head of the column. He skimmed through the newspapers, which he couldn’t look into during the day. There was nothing alarming on the pages.
        Before we reached Zhitomir, we heard intermittent signals from the car that was following me. I ordered the driver to curb and stop. It turned out: several cars got up due to various malfunctions. Several times during the night, it was necessary to stop the convoy. Unexpected delays disrupted the march schedule. A threat was brewing that by 7 a.m. I would not be able to bring my convoy to Tarnopol.

        Baghramyan calmly commands the convoy, which would not have been possible if the elder chief, General M.A. Purkaev, had been in the convoy.
        So, M.A. Purkaev noted (now I am not considering, honestly noted or not) the time of his arrival in Tarnopol, as well as the time of arrival of the encryption department. M.A. Purkaev does not even stutter about the time of arrival of Baghramyan and his operational department. But, nevertheless, the genesis writes that:
        Purkayev’s memoirs say when the operations department arrived

        And what I supposedly know is hi
        You know this very well without me.

        And M.A. Purkayev does not write, and I do not know.
        One can, of course, assume that the operational department and Baghramyan himself arrived along with the encryption department. But M.A. Purkaev in his answers to the questions of the Pokrovsky Commission for some reason does not write this.
        Well, it goes without saying that you must understand that when answering questions from the Pokrovsky Commission, each of the respondents weighed every word 100 times. After all, it was possible to lose not only the epaulette, but also the head. Therefore, we know only from this answer that the encryption department arrived before 6 a.m. No other evidence.
        Even Baghramyan writes that:
        We arrived ahead of schedule - at seven in the morning.

        The expression: "at the seventh hour" means that it was already six o'clock. This means that even if we believe M.A. Purkaev that Cryptogram Comrade Komkov was sent about 6 hoursin, that means the cipher department could not arrive "at seven o'clock in the morning."
        Although I believe that Purkayev (in answers to questions) and Baghramyan (in memoirs) are saving himself.
        Moreover, Komkov could not refute anything either, since he died on July 18, 1951
  13. Seal
    Seal 20 August 2019 13: 23 New
    0
    Quote: genisis
    Only this is also a squeamish dislike. Squeamish about your resourcefulness, deceit and unprincipledness.
    Mutually. I have exactly the same feelings. Even squared.
    Essentially.
    I had a specific remark at this point in the article.
    The award sheet of Sergeant Kasparyan was personally signed by the commander of the 8th Guards Army, Colonel General Chuykov. In the document, the commander notedthat the sergeant, with his feat, inspired the infantrymen to move forward, as a result of which the bridgehead in the Vistula area was captured and expanded.

    I showed that the commander did not note anything. He just signed. In confirmation of the fact that the commander did not note anything, I modestly remarked that V.I. Chuikov did not even remember the name of Kaspryan. But what you wanted to prove is I don’t know.
    Secondly, what about the fact that Vasily Ivanovich incorrectly remembered the Armenian name? How did he pronounce the name of Kasparyan, how did the feat accomplished by Kasparyan somehow change?

    That is the question. The feat was accomplished by gun crew, and not even the crew commander became the Hero of the USSR. And nowhere is it exactly said how many tanks Kasparyan himself knocked out. Yes, from the fact that he is a gunner, you can write down all the wrecked tanks on him. But then it turns out that the commanders of gun crews in battles seem to have nothing to do with it. Note that it clearly does not follow from the documents and memoirs of V.I. Chuikov that it was Kasparyan who knocked out all the tanks.
    There stood a well-camouflaged anti-tank gun of senior sergeant Dmitry Zabarov. Letting them down 300 meters, calculation opened fire and from the first shot one tank was set on fire. The Nazis turned to enter from the other side. Gunner Karen Kasparyan took advantage of this. Two shots - and another heavy tank froze on the spot, and another minute later a third caught fire. The Nazis tried to break through a frontal strike, but the gunners did not flinch. They knocked out two more tanks.

    During the battle gunner Kasparyan, charging Kutsenko and castle Mashenkin were wounded, but did not move away from the gun

    At first, the "calculation" opened fire. It is quite possible that the first shots were directed by the gun commander himself. It is also quite possible that, being wounded, Kasparyan did not move away from the gun, but again it is quite possible that the crew commander was aiming the gun after Kasparyan was wounded.
    That is, in this award, we again see the notorious principle of proletarian internationalism. When you need to reward not only on the fact of a feat, but also on the order, taking into account nationality.
  14. Seal
    Seal 20 August 2019 14: 03 New
    0
    Quote: genisis
    As for you, you also cannot confirm your slander in any way.

    It’s strange. The search engines did not answer you, and for some reason is my slander? But I did not add a single word to the texture that they restored. I just commented. hi
    At the same time, the entire test of the search engines you refer to is imbued with respect for both Gukas Madoyan and his fighters.

    And what is wrong ? Search engines honestly worked within the framework of Madoyan’s existing theory of achievement. But ... a bit overdone. Dug too deep hi And the feat turned into a zilch. And even a crime.
    And you demand to stop digging and leave everything as it was, albeit in a deceitful, but in the monumental bronzelovstvo familiar to you and to all. Such a position can cause nothing but disgust.
    But there is not only the work of search engines.
    We look .... The Journal of Fighting

    We look at a specific page.

    So, it is written in black and white that the Germans again occupied both the station and the adjacent area, and our troops were on the border of the Don River and south of the city of Rostov. That is, our troops retreated to the south bank of the Don, where they occupied the defenses.
    But in relation to G. Madoyan they are now writing that:
    Member of the Great Patriotic War since June 1941. The battalion of the 159th Infantry Brigade (28th Army, Southern Front), under the command of Senior Lieutenant Ghukas Madoyan, occupied the railway junction on the night of February 8, 1943 - part of the Rostov-on-Don station, and in the morning led the combined detachment of the brigade, with which from 8 to 14 February 1943 defended the Rostov station. For six days of heroic defense, the detachment of G.K. Madoyan repelled forty-three enemy attacks, but kept the station until reinforcements arrived.

    However, in practice.
    1) Not his battalion occupied the railway junction, but three battalions, one of which was commanded by G. Madoyan, occupied the railway junction.
    2) The station was not kept, but left.