Military Review

220 years ago Suvorov defeated the French under Novi

29
Italian campaign of Suvorov. 220 years ago, 15 of August 1799 of the year, the great Russian commander Suvorov defeated the French army at Novi. Russian-Austrian troops could finish off the French army in the Genoese Riviera and create the conditions for a campaign in France. However, Vienna did not use the extremely advantageous situation for the final defeat of the enemy.


220 years ago Suvorov defeated the French under Novi

The battle of Novi. A. Kotzebue


Almost all of Italy was freed from the French, and the Austrian government hastened to get rid of the Russians. Great Britain, concerned about the successes of the Russian army and fleet, also desired the removal of Russian forces from Italy. The Italian campaign was completed, and the Russian miraculous heroes of Suvorov were thrown into Switzerland.

The general setting


Ushakov squadron successfully operated in southern Italy. The Russian squadron headed for the Kingdom of Naples, occupied by French troops. The garrison of Brindisi fled without a fight. Then the Russian naval commander landed under the command of Lieutenant Commander Belly at Bari. Attaching several thousand Calabrian rebels to himself, Belli's detachment crossed Italy and went to Naples. The French troops that had come forward were defeated. The Russians took Fort Villeno, covering the approaches to Naples. 3 June fell Naples. The Italian monarchists began repression against the Republicans, but the Russian sailors stopped the reprisals.

The landing of Russian troops and their successful actions contributed to the growth of the national liberation movement. Locals warmly welcomed the Russians and created militias for a joint struggle with the invaders. At the request of the British and the instruction of Suvorov, Ushakov sent Rear Admiral Pustoshkin’s detachment to besiege the city of Ancon, on which the French troops of MacDonald and Moreau relied. Ancon was blocked and an Austrian detachment approached the fortress under the command of Freilich. The actions of the Ushakov squadron ended with the landing for the occupation of Rome. The successes of the Russian sailors in southern Italy contributed to the actions of our forces in northern Italy.

After the defeat at Trebbia, the French army retreated to the Genoese Riviera. The Austrians did not give the Russian commander in chief to finish off the enemy. Hofkrigsrat banned offensive operations until the surrender of Mantua, which was besieged by the Austrian Corps of the Region. Suvorov located the army in the region of Alessandria (Alexandria). Under his command there were about 40 - 50 thousand people. About 25 thousand soldiers were located at the borders of Savoy and Switzerland, 5 thousand people - at Tuscany and 30 thousand troops besieged Mantua. The Russian commander was preparing an offensive with the goal of completely defeating the French in Italy. However, the Austrian high command demanded that he first of all focus his efforts on the capture of Mantua, and other citadel fortresses - Alessandria, Tortona, Koni, etc. As a result, a whole month passed in inaction. This annoyed Suvorov very much, and he did not hide his anger. His relationship with the Austrian leadership finally deteriorated.

Party plans


The Austrian gofkrigsrat (the highest military council) tied the initiative of Alexander Suvorov. He was forced to postpone the offensive. On 2 on July 1799, he developed the first offensive plan. The Russian commander was planning to enter Tuscany and Rome to establish contact with the fleet. The second operation to occupy Genoa and the third - Nice. In July, the Alexandria Citadel and Mantova were captured, Fort Serravale was captured. This changed the situation at the front and made it possible to concentrate efforts on the main line. The freed Corps Corps reinforced Suvorov's army.

19 July, Suvorov introduced a new plan. He planned before winter to take Nice and the chain of the Savoy mountains. Going to Genoa via Novi and Aqui, then from Genoa to Nice - meant to lead a difficult mountain war. Therefore, the Commander-in-Chief proposed to advance through the Tend Pass to Nice to cut off the French in Genoa and force them to leave the area and, if successful, cut off the enemy’s escape route. In accordance with this plan, regrouping of troops began. Rebinder’s corps arrived to Russia, which allowed them to assemble a powerful offensive group. The corps was led by Rosenberg. The main forces of the army (over 51 thousand people with 95 guns) were located between Alessandria and Tortona. Alexander Vasilievich intended to speak on 4 on August 1799. However, on 30 on July he received information about the French army’s performance under the command of Joubert, whom the Directory appointed together Moro and MacDonald.

Taking a break, the French came to their senses. Due to the heavy defeats that the French troops suffered from Suvorov, the loss of northern Italy, the Italian theater became the main thing for Paris. The French government had to take emergency measures to protect France from invasion. It was planned to form a new army for the defense of the Alps from Savoy and Dauphine. The directory created a new Italian army (about 45 thousand people) from the remnants of the armies of Moro and MacDonald, sent reinforcements. Moreau was ordered to launch a counterattack and defeat Suvorov’s army, regain control of northern Italy, and lift the siege of Mantua. Moreau, reasonably considering this task impossible, planned to act on defense, closing mountain crossings from Italy to France. For this, there was enough strength. However, the Directory did not like the defensive strategy. Moro removed. The young, talented General Barthelemy Joubert, a participant in the Italian campaign of Napoleon, who was considered one of the best commanders of the republic, was appointed the new commander in chief.

The French commander went on the offensive. Joubert had erroneous information that the Russian-Austrian troops were scattered over a wide area and was going to break them with a sudden blow of concentrated forces. The French moved in two columns. The French were going to attack the Russians at Tertz, but they were not there. Continuing the movement, the troops of Joubert on 2 of August reached the boundary of the Lemme River. Francoville had the left French flank, Serravalle had the extreme right. The French had to go down to the plain, north of Novi, in order to fight the Russians. However, when the French army descended from the mountains, the French commander in chief found that he had made a major mistake. Superior Allied forces awaited the enemy in well-trained positions. Potsolo Formigaro was the vanguard of Bagration and Miloradovich, a few miles, at Rivalta - the troops of Melas and Derfelden, on the river. Obre is the Austrian corps of the Land and Belgard, and in the rear of Tortona - the Rosenberg Corps.

Attacking the allies on the move was suicide, and shamefully stepping back, in front of the enemy. Almost all generals offered to retreat to Genoa. Joubert refused, but doubts remained. The French army regrouped and prepared for defense in strong positions. They occupied the last spurs of the Apennines, between the valleys of the rivers Skrivia and Aubrey. The terrain was elevated, rugged, convenient for defense. The city of Novi had stone fortifications. True, the escape routes were difficult, the rear was cut by rivers and ravines. On the left wing near the village of Pasturan were the divisions of Lemoine and Pear, behind them there was a reserve - the divisions of Klozel and Partuno (17 thousand soldiers). The center of the position was occupied by the Labusier division, the Cauchy brigade and the Watren division (12 thousand people). On the right wing were the divisions of Saint-Cyr, Gardanne, Dombrowski and reserve. In total, the French army numbered about 40 thousand people, it occupied the front in 20 km. An important role was played by the city of Novi, through which the escape routes passed.

Suvorov at this time was preparing for active defense. The advance detachments were to conduct reconnaissance in battle and retreat in front of superior forces, luring the French into the valley. The vanguards of Rosenberg and Derfelden were given the task of resisting the French at Vigitsolla and Rivalta. All other troops were located in the depths of the position and acted on the basis of the movement of the enemy, striking from the front and bypassing. Thus, the advanced units had to start the battle, determine the intentions of the enemy, then the main forces came into action. Suvorov’s troops were located echelons in depth, which made it possible to introduce new forces into the battle as necessary.

The Russian commander in chief, making sure that the enemy did not dare to attack, ordered 4 (15) on August 1799 to launch a general offensive on Novi with troops from the left flank under the command of Bagration, Miloradovich and Derfelden. The strike group was to be supported by the reserves of Melas and Rosenberg. As a result, 32,5 thousand people were concentrated. The right flank, led by General Krai (17 thousand people) conducted an auxiliary operation, distracting the enemy in the direction of a secondary strike.


French commander Barthelemy Joubert (1769 - 1799). Source: https://ru.wikipedia.org


Battle


In the early morning of August 4 (15), General Krai struck the left wing of the French. The Austrians attacked from the march, while the rest of the Union Army at the beginning of the battle were out of sight of the French. This misled Joubert, who considered that he could defeat part of the Allied army before the approach of the main forces. Austrian columns squeezed the division of Lemoine and began to develop an offensive along the Lemme River. The French commander personally led a counterattack and was mortally wounded by a stray bullet, the army was led by General Moreau. He transferred the entire infantry reserve and part of the forces from the right flank (more than 8 thousand people) to the left flank. Having concentrated more than 20 thousand people here, the French stopped the Austrians, but thereby weakened the right flank, where Suvorov dealt the main blow.

At 8 in the morning, Suvorov’s troops struck the enemy’s right wing. Having ordered the Territory to resume the offensive on the right flank of the Union Army, the Commander-in-Chief moved the vanguard of Bagration and Miloradovich to Novi. Here the divisions of Gardant and Saint-Cyr defended. The French repulsed three attacks of Bagration, they were in the center much more than expected. During the third attack, Watren's French division descended from the mountains and attacked the left flank of Bagration. Russian avant-garde squeezed. Then Suvorov threw Derfelden's troops into battle. The French division was driven back and shackled by part of the fresh Russian-Austrian troops. After that, our troops personally led by Suvorov threw the enemy in the center until Novi. After a stubborn battle, the French retreated behind the city fortifications. The stone walls of the city withstood volleys of field cannons. They could not take the city on the move. The edge on the right flank could not advance.

At 13 hours, the Russian commander-in-chief suspended the advance until the reserves approach. After the approach of the units, Melas Suvorov ordered Krai to resume attacks on the enemy's left flank, Bagration, Miloradovich and Derfelden to oppose Novi, and Melas to strike the French on the right flank from Rivalta, bypassing the Watren division. Rosenberg was to take the position of Melas. In accordance with the instructions of the commander, the allies again went on the offensive. Melas moved slowly and only by 15 did he begin to cover Watren's right flag. Moreau could not prevent this, since all reserves were used on the left flank of the French army. True, Melas sent a part of his forces to Serrevalle, which weakened his strength. However, the general blow was so strong that the French could not stand it and began to retreat. By 17 hours, our troops had taken Novi.

The center of the French army was completely defeated. Watren’s division, which for a long time fettered the forces of the Allies, was surrounded and capitulated after stubborn resistance. The main forces of the French army on the left wing were threatened by encirclement and complete destruction. To save the army from death, Moreau gave the order for a retreat, which, under the simultaneous attack of the Allies from the front and flank, under artillery shelling, quickly turned into flight. Only part of the forces of Saint-Cyr was able in relative order to retreat to Gavi. The onset of the night saved the French from total annihilation. Both sides fought valiantly, but the victory went to a better-managed allied army. 5 (16) on August Rosenberg's reserve corps continued to pursue the enemy. During the retreat, the French suffered significant losses. However, the Austrians did not allow Suvorov to develop an offensive and finish off the enemy army in the area of ​​Genoa. He was stopped.

The French army was defeated and, according to various estimates, lost up to 7 to 10 thousand people only killed, and over 4 thousand prisoners, 39 guns (all artillery of Joubert), the entire convoy and supplies. On 5 of August, during the persecution, several thousand French fled, deserted. Allied losses - according to various sources, about 6 - 8 thousand people killed and wounded. Most of the losses fell on the Austrians. Russian troops, despite the fierce battle in the center, when the French repelled four attacks, lost less than 2 thousand people killed and wounded.

The remnants of Moreau's army fled to the Genoese Riviera. The French could no longer even defend mountain passes. The Allies could effortlessly complete the completion of the liberation of Italy and create the conditions for an attack on France. However, Vienna did not use this opportunity (which ultimately leads Austria to a military-political disaster), fearing the growing influence of Russia in Western Europe. In France itself, the battle of Novi and the loss of almost all of Italy were the last straw for the Directory regime. In Paris, they made bets for how long Suvorov would reach the French capital. Soon, in the wake of hatred for the rotten regime through power, General Napoleon will come to power through a coup.

The Russian sovereign Pavel for Novi ordered that the prince of Italia, Count Suvorov-Rymniksky, be given to all the military honors even in the presence of the tsar, similar to those given to the person of His Imperial Majesty. The Sardinian king for the liberation of Piedmont marked the Russian commander with the rank of field marshal of the Piedmontese army, a grand of the kingdom of Sardin, with the hereditary title of prince and "brother" of the king. In England, the great commander was honored. Only in Vienna remained cold to this brilliant victory. The Austrian emperor and gofkrigsrat continued to send comments and reproaches.


Map Source: http://bse.sci-lib.com


The end of the Italian campaign


The battle of Novi was the last in the Italian campaign. Relations between the allies at this time deteriorated to such an extent that they decided to act independently. Austrians and British insisted on the removal of Russian from Italy. The Austrians had to continue operations in Italy, and Suvorov’s troops move to Switzerland. The Austrians in every possible way rushed our troops, while repairing obstacles at every turn, disrupting supplies. As a result, the Swiss campaign had to be postponed for two weeks. "Having squeezed out the juice I need for Italy, they throw me behind the Alps, and for a week now I’ve been more feverish from the poison of Vienna politics." - the great Russian man spoke about this.

Meanwhile, the Austrian Archduke Karl, who was in Switzerland, left there without waiting for the arrival of Suvorov, and left to the mercy of fate the Russian 30 thousand corps of Rimsky-Korsakov. This betrayal led to the defeat of the Russian corps. On 28 on August Suvorov’s army advanced from Alessandria on a new campaign.

Thus, despite all the intrigues of Vienna, Suvorov completed the task. He defeated the French army three times, a strong and skilled enemy, with brave soldiers and a brilliant general. Within a few weeks he liberated a vast country, captured and blocked all cities and fortresses. And all in the conditions that the Vienna court in every way interfered with the Russian commander. And Suvorov himself was 69 years old. However, he overcame all difficulties.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Italian campaign of Suvorov

Why was Suvorov in Italy
Italian campaign of Suvorov
Victory of Suvorov on the Adda River
Victories of the Russian army in Italy
"Lure!" How Suvorov destroyed MacDonald's army
29 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Sertorius
    Sertorius 14 August 2019 05: 47
    +4
    The most difficult, but nevertheless magnificent victory of the Russian and Austrian armies in that company. The genius of Suvorov even forced the Austrians to act brilliantly. Already in the next company, all these Molasses, Krai, shamefully surrender to Bonaparte all the advantages won by Suvorov.
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 14 August 2019 07: 07
      +4
      Quote: Sertorius
      Already in the next company, all these Molasses, Krai, shamefully surrender to Bonaparte all the advantages won by Suvorov.

      Do not be upset. All these Molasses and Krais will disappear. Napoleon will remain in the cognac, cake and phrase, which is attributed to him:
      People who do not want to feed their army will soon be forced to feed someone else's.

      Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov will remain in the memory of his descendants as a commander who does not know defeat and the author of "The Science of Victory".
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 14 August 2019 13: 07
        0
        "Napoleon will remain in cognac, cake and the phrase attributed to him" ...
        With this phrase you obviously outlined your own knowledge of Napoleon?
        Because the estimates of the descendants, including in Russia, are significantly different.
        1. depressant
          depressant 14 August 2019 21: 29
          0
          And also, according to historians, Suvorov was a kind landowner. He dearly loved his peasants and they answered him with the same love.
          1. Kenxnumx
            Kenxnumx 14 August 2019 21: 53
            -3
            I married them in bulk. Here it is happiness - no sweets with champagne for you. In a column, two in length were built and in church
    2. Kenxnumx
      Kenxnumx 14 August 2019 21: 34
      -3
      Suvorov was great. Without a doubt, but
      This battle was not a masterpiece at all.
      1) Suvorov began the battle without any plan, at least not one was discovered.
      2) Suvorov did not use all available troops, he could increase the number of thousands by 20, which would lead to the complete destruction of the enemy
      3) Joubert not only scattered his troops, but also managed to deprive their commander at the beginning of the battle.
      4) The main role was played by the troops of the Territory, which, having no numerical advantage, nevertheless managed to draw upon themselves all the enemy’s reserves with a dashing attack
      5) By the way, the Austrians had Suvorov much more than the Russians.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 14 August 2019 08: 12
    -1
    Thus, despite all the intrigues of Vienna, Suvorov completed the task. He defeated the French army three times, a strong and skilled enemy, with brave soldiers and a brilliant general. Within a few weeks he liberated a vast country, captured and blocked all cities and fortresses.

    A brilliant victory!

    There was a magnificent and wonderful chance to end the aggressor and prevent the Corsican monster from appearing, which plunged the world into disaster.
    Alas, despite all the efforts of Russia, this did not happen ....

    Although today Switzerland and Italy honor the memory about his liberator, the great Suvorov
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 14 August 2019 12: 47
      -3
      Napoleon brought progress by many people shaking mossy feudalism of the countries of Europe
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 14 August 2019 13: 29
        +1
        Quote: Kronos
        Napoleon brought progress to many people

        Millions of dead, wounded, refugees, depopulated countries, destroyed economies — I don’t know such signs — progress
        1. Sunstorm
          Sunstorm 14 August 2019 16: 09
          0
          Quote: Olgovich
          Millions of dead, wounded, refugees, depopulated countries, destroyed economies — I don’t know such signs — progress

          You don’t know exactly? And I’ll hint at WWII and WWII, too, by the way, have made progress .. especially in terms of mass killings, and if you look at Germany this way, during the period of victories it even grew economically ... And the USA, in general, added a lot to the economy and influence after WWII and especially WWII. A specific plus from Napoleon’s wars is the spread of the ideas of revolution around the world, and even if there hadn’t been Napoleon, the German principalities would have remained divided ... Again, for the United States, Napoleon’s activities also brought many advantages.
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 15 August 2019 07: 00
            0
            Quote: Sunstorm
            A concrete plus from the wars of Napoleon is the spread of the ideas of revolution throughout the world, and even if Napoleon hadn’t, the German principalities would have remained divided.

            This is a minus.
            It would be worthless. Napoleon in the unification of Germany by no means
            Quote: Sunstorm
            And I will hint at WWII and WWII, too, by the way brought progress

            List: 1.2.3 and so on.
            1. Sunstorm
              Sunstorm 15 August 2019 07: 18
              0
              Quote: Olgovich
              List: 1.2.3 and so on.

              So I already did it to you
              Quote: Sunstorm
              And the United States, in general, added very much to the economy and influence after the WWII and especially WWII.
              Do you really want me to paint all this on the example of the United States or can you see it yourself? No, I understand your point of view. But you forget that "to whom the war and to whom the mother is native." "if it has disappeared somewhere, it has arrived somewhere."
              About Germany "In 1805, under pressure from France, the German Confederation was created from a number of West German states, and then the Rhine Union of 36 states. The legal basis of this union was the Rhine Union Act, in which one side was represented by the Union's protector" Emperor of the French "Napoleon, and the other - the German princes. " This is certainly not in any way a step towards unity yeah .... Naturally Minus right?
              In the Rhine German regions, serfdom, class privileges of the nobility and clergy were abolished, the French civil code of 1804 was enacted, the judicial system was reorganized ... Is there a terrible regression?
              The Union Act of 1815 became the basis for the creation of a new German state association - the German Union ... minus, minus, minus .. Definitely?
              The Union Act of 1815 provided for the adoption of constitutions in the German states .... is this generally a minus and a regression ... is it better without a constitution than with it? Do you have enough facts or should I continue?
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 15 August 2019 09: 12
                0
                Quote: Sunstorm
                So I already did it to you
                Quote: Sunstorm
                А USA in general, they added very much to the economy and influence after the WWII and especially WWII.

                1. It was not the United States that was discussed, but Europe, not the WWII, but Napoleon:
                Kronos Yesterday, 12:47
                -1
                Napoleon brought progress by many people shaking mossy feudalism of countries Europe..
                ...
                Quote: Sunstorm
                About Germany "In 1805, under pressure from France, the German Confederation was created from a number of West German states, and then the Rhine Union of 36 states. The legal basis of this union was the Rhine Union Act, in which one side was represented by the Union's protector" Emperor of the French "Napoleon, and the other - the German princes. " This is certainly not in any way a step towards unity yeah .... Naturally Minus right?

                Holy Roman Empire (since 1512 - Holy Roman Empire German nation; lat Sacrum Imperium Romanum Nationis Germanicae or Sacrum Imperium Romanum Nationis Teutonicae, German Heiliges römisches reich German Nation) is a supranational union of Italian, German, Balkan, Frankish and West Slavic states and peoples, which existed from 962 to 1806. At its peak, the empire included: Germany, which was its core.
                SRI, existing until 1806 and was the basis of the unification of Germany.
                Quote: Sunstorm
                In the Rhine German regions, serfdom, class privileges of the nobility and clergy were abolished, the French civil code of 1804 was enacted, the judicial system was reorganized ... Is there a terrible regression?

                Yeah, without him this would not have happened. Terrible human losses, ruin is the result of Napoleon's aggression. The result is a rebellion against him ALL, despite
                serfdom, class privileges of the nobility and clergy, enacted by
                Quote: Sunstorm
                The Union Act of 1815 became the basis for the creation of a new German state association - the German Union ..

                What does it have to do with ... Napoleon?
                Quote: Sunstorm
                Do you have enough facts or should I continue?

                Continue of course yes
                1. Sunstorm
                  Sunstorm 15 August 2019 14: 43
                  0
                  1) Hmm
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  It was not the United States that was discussed, but Europe, not the WWII, but Napoleon:

                  Quote: Olgovich
                  Millions of dead, wounded, refugees, depopulated countries, destroyed economies — I don’t know such signs — progress

                  Were the signs of progress in actions / consequences discussed? So I added to the Napoleonic Wars and WWII and WWII .. or you say that WWII and WWII did not bring
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  Millions of dead, wounded, refugees, depopulated countries, destroyed economies — I don’t know such signs — progress

                  You began to leave somewhere in the steppe) Apparently together with a horse?)
                  2)
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  Yeah, without him this would not have happened. Terrible human losses, ruin is the result of Napoleon's aggression. The result is a rebellion against him ALL, despite

                  Quote: Olgovich
                  It would be worthless. Napoleon in the unification of Germany by no means
                  Agree on your two thoughts?) And then in one case, WOULD nothing for you and in the second?)
                  3)
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  What does it have to do with ... Napoleon?

                  Quote: Sunstorm
                  The Union Act of 1815 became the basis for the creation of a new German state association - the German Union ..

                  That was nothing to do with, in fact, he did not personally participate in it and did not organize it, but this Union Act is the result of the end of the Napoleonic Wars, part of the Vienna system, so to speak, which arose as a result of the victory of the coalition as well as the UN (Yalta-Potsdam system) that arose as a result of the victory of the coalition or the League of Nations (Versailles-Washington system).
                  4) you see what kind of dissonance we have and if I continue to throw up problems the situation will only get complicated, let's solve these issues for now. And the main one, what are we arguing about?) See paragraph 1)
                  1. Olgovich
                    Olgovich 15 August 2019 15: 04
                    -1
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    So I added to the Napoleonic Wars and WWII and WWII .. or you say that WWII and WWII did not bring

                    Progress was ALL time — and without wars — and very good: the same code of Napoleon, the abolition of the fortress of law in France, the result of the war? .
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    You began to leave somewhere in the steppe) Apparently together with a horse?)

                    All in discussion
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    Agree on your two thoughts?) And then in one case, WOULD nothing for you and in the second?)

                    Please, it is possible without: "Yeah, without him it WAS all the same "
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    She didn’t have anything to do with it, he personally did not participate in it and did not organize it, but this Union Act is the result the end of the Napoleonic Wars,

                    Yeah: then let's start with the Punic Wars: the history of Europe and its outcome.
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    you see what kind of dissonance we have and if I continue to throw up problems the situation will only get complicated

                    toss-toss
                    Quote: Sunstorm
                    And the main one, what are we arguing about?) See paragraph 1)

                    cm p1
      2. Ivan Muscovit
        Ivan Muscovit 14 August 2019 13: 33
        +4
        No need to idealize Napoleon: first of all, he was an aggressor. Progress is a good thing, but obviously not on the bayonets of foreign invaders. But - and aggression benefited: because of it, the conquered peoples finally began to form a national identity)
    2. Ivan Muscovit
      Ivan Muscovit 14 August 2019 13: 26
      +2
      Russia, first of all, pushed back the complete domination of France in Europe, which logically led to aggression against Russia. And it was right: we were buying time. But "thanks" is the tenth thing, hoping for them is a stupid task))
    3. Phil77
      Phil77 14 August 2019 18: 02
      +2
      Dear Andrei, hello, you write correctly, there was a chance. But ... did the allies fail again? Doesn't it seem to you that the constant headache of our state is in some strange choice of allies. By the residual principle?
    4. Kenxnumx
      Kenxnumx 14 August 2019 21: 35
      0
      Suvorov freed Switzerland? And how did he do it
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 15 August 2019 08: 03
        0
        Quote: Ken71
        Suvorov freed Switzerland?

        No. But he freed. That was the purpose of the hike.
  3. Ekzutor
    Ekzutor 14 August 2019 08: 53
    +4
    Here's how to be friends with the Austrians.
    But the genius of Suvorov overcame everything
    A great victory!
    1. Brutan
      Brutan 14 August 2019 11: 21
      +3
      Yes, Suvorov at the end of his life gave out masterpieces
      Thanks for the interesting article!
    2. Kenxnumx
      Kenxnumx 14 August 2019 21: 36
      -2
      True, the Austrians in his army were much more than Russian
  4. Bagatur
    Bagatur 14 August 2019 12: 21
    0
    Russia fought to crawl Austria and England ... I don’t understand where vygoda for Russia is.
    1. Ivan Muscovit
      Ivan Muscovit 14 August 2019 13: 11
      +1
      The benefit is quite tangible, by the way, if you pay attention to geopolitics. For Russia, the excessive strengthening of one of the European countries was always dangerous: having strengthened in Europe and subjugating other countries, the new "empires" turned their gaze to the East. Both Napoleon and Hitler acted according to the same scheme: it would be naive to believe that they abandoned their plans.
      1. Bagatur
        Bagatur 14 August 2019 16: 21
        +1
        And tell me please .. Until Napoleon 1812 whose empire attacked Russia from the West? Lyakhi 1612 ... is unserious. Sweden? But the Great Northern War Peter himself began ...
        1. Kenxnumx
          Kenxnumx 14 August 2019 21: 20
          +2
          Lyahi is serious. Then they were a very militarily strong state. Plus they had a controversial but legitimacy
  5. Aleksey Aleksandrovich
    Aleksey Aleksandrovich 14 August 2019 12: 35
    +3
    As a result, the profit from the victories of the Russian army was reaped by the so-called allies, and the Russian emperor Paul began to seek an alliance with Napoleon, for which he actually paid with his life. Russia eventually paid the ruin of 1812.
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 14 August 2019 12: 47
      0
      did what he was looking for correctly