Decade of the Unified State Examination in Russia

In 2019, 10 years passed, when the mandatory unified testing system was introduced, better known in Russia as the Unified State Exam (single state exam), becoming the main form of testing students' knowledge for all educational institutions. However, during all this time, heated debates and discussions regarding the format of the exam, its effectiveness, and the need for Russian graduates do not cease.




What is the attitude to the exam among school students now? How much does tutoring with families of future graduates cost? Why are students less willing to go to school every year? Teachers and parents of schoolchildren, representatives of the scientific and political environment are trying to answer these questions.

Experts are trying to figure out whether the decrease in the interest of schoolchildren in the lessons is connected with the fact that today schools have stopped creating a creative atmosphere, turning the process into a banal dragging of children to the exam tests?

Why did the exam turn into a childhood nightmare? Can we talk about the objectivity and effectiveness of the unified state exam, if every year students have the opportunity to use cheat sheets during the exam?

We present a letter of revelation from a Moscow graduate about his attitude to the state certification system called the Unified State Examination.

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  1. Chaldon48 12 August 2019 05: 36 New
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    In Soviet times, thinking teachers sought to instill not only an interest in creativity, but also to teach the ability to learn.
    1. Old Michael 12 August 2019 06: 47 New
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      Chaldon: I would put another plus for the nickname (in the internet more often there are "cheldons").
      1. Chaldon48 12 August 2019 09: 09 New
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        Chaldon, this is a tribute to my grandfather, he proudly pronounced this word with emphasis on the first syllable.
    2. serg.shishkov2015 12 August 2019 08: 33 New
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      Offend, Vadim! I taught children in Russia, but I did the same! 14 years - geography, life safety, nature studies and a little agricultural labor
      1. Chaldon48 12 August 2019 09: 25 New
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        I graduated from NGPI in 1976, this year they introduced universal education, so then many said that is
        Made 10 classroom education compulsory. I was sent to the Northern Novosibirsk region. Work at the school turned into a real hell, because of the students tractor and other vocational schools. They stubbornly did not want to know anything other than their future profession, and they terribly interfered, sometimes with frankly hooligan ways, to engage in others. That is why I, from chemistry teachers, retrained as a technologist chemist, and I do not regret it, although working at one "closed" enterprise undermined my health
        1. serg.shishkov2015 12 August 2019 09: 43 New
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          I am a teacher of biology and chemistry by education, I graduated from the AGPI in 1993, they, A, P, Gaidara, left school ,,, a long history, ,, left, but still would have left because of the HIGH, I understand your problems - the school where he worked was located in the area where, after the closure of the Gulag, the former camps that built the city settled and most of the city’s gangsters known in the dashing 90s left this area, 11 years by mail, a parcel, plus one - I’m losing weight, but I’m not ashamed of work, and at school I became a living legend, nicknames Superpups and The Walking Encyclopedia
    3. Vend 12 August 2019 10: 13 New
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      Quote: Chaldon48
      In Soviet times, thinking teachers sought to instill not only an interest in creativity, but also to teach the ability to learn.

      It’s just that there weren’t so many of them, mainly they worked according to the manuals, the question and answer that the student should give were written.
      1. Chaldon48 12 August 2019 12: 23 New
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        Alas, in any business there are people who work creatively, and full of people who care about only salary. And here it is very important that these people for their bosses, if they encourage creative work, things flourish, no stalls and creative people run away, they are usually bright personalities, they hope to find an application for their abilities in another place, and those who are weaker decide that it’s better to be like everyone else, that is, please the boss and not lean out.
  2. Far B 12 August 2019 05: 46 New
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    Why ten years ??? My stepdaughter in 2007 already passed the exam. Vladivostok, if cho.
    1. Voyager 12 August 2019 06: 06 New
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      That's right, but the first 2 years since 2007 were trial ones. At this time, tests passed exams mainly only in the Russian language, and then everyone was guaranteed a passing “triple” score with a poor result. From the very beginning, the Unified State Examination swore at this, but there was still hope that the experiment would remain so.
      1. bubalik 12 August 2019 11: 17 New
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        ,,, the first USE 2001g Republic of Chuvashia, Mari El, Yakutia, Samara and Rostov regions.
        The younger brother-in-law fell under the first wave.
        In 2002, an experiment to introduce a unified state exam was already held in 16 regions of the country. He was handed over by graduates of 8400 schools; admission according to the estimates obtained at the USE was conducted at 117 universities.
    2. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 12 August 2019 06: 41 New
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      Quote: Far In
      Why ten years ??? My stepdaughter in 2007 already passed the exam. Vladivostok, if cho.

      Even earlier in 2006, there were already the first test lots in some schools.
    3. Greenwood 12 August 2019 09: 23 New
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      In the Primorsky Territory in 2007, the exam was not yet. Darkin delayed the process, as far as I remember. Since 2008, only introduced.
      1. Far B 12 August 2019 09: 36 New
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        Something was missing?))) Vladivostok, 46th school, which is next to the stadium and city traffic police))) I don’t need to tell)
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. 3vs
    3vs 12 August 2019 05: 57 New
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    As Alexey Ilyich Osipov said, quoting Comrade Plutarch:
    “A student is not a vessel to be filled, but a torch to be ignited.”
    And the teacher must be a flame capable of lighting this torch.
    And this is a rarity!
    1. alex007i 12 August 2019 06: 06 New
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      “A student is not a vessel to be filled, but a torch to be ignited.”

      I very much agree - mind and reason are two different things.
      1. lucul 12 August 2019 12: 10 New
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        “A student is not a vessel to be filled, but a torch to be ignited.”

        This is if you prepare a man-creator, then you need to light the torch, and if you prepare a man-consumer, then just fill the vessel.
        I very much agree - mind and reason are two different things.

        ))))
        The mind allows you to brilliantly get out of difficult situations, and the mind allows you not to get into them)))
  5. Vadim T. 12 August 2019 06: 35 New
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    After the collapse of the USSR, the "fit" of the education system to the requirements of the new social system began. Moreover, this happened not only in the Russian Federation, but throughout the post-Soviet space. In Russia, a single state exam was introduced, in Ukraine - an external independent test. I have been working at the school since the 1980's, and before my eyes the Soviet education system was transformed into the current one. In short: then the school provided knowledge and educated, now it provides educational services. Huge overloads, stresses, variability (read-confusion) of programs and textbooks have become commonplace. If in the USSR each textbook passed strict selection and withstood several reprints, now people who have not worked for a day write them. Their task is to master budgets. Teachers are overwhelmed with paperwork and get a beggarly salary. To survive, many talented educators leave education. The status of a teacher has also changed dramatically. If in the USSR they were proud of the title of teacher, now this word is a synonym for a loser.
    Well, and if closer to the topic ... In the Soviet school there were oral and written exams. The children were not afraid of them, because lively communication with a teacher, whom they know well, was the best guarantee against stress. During the oral examination, the teacher during the informal conversation had the opportunity to qualitatively test the student's knowledge. The same system was in admission to universities. The examination committee worked with applicants "live", selecting the really best. Now universities do not receive an applicant, but a "pig in a poke." Whether he has the ability to learn according to the chosen profile or not, it is already revealed during the training itself.
    The graduation class at the school is a separate song: instead of preparing in all subjects, children learn only 3-4, in which they will pass testing. Plus huge costs for tutors. And stress, stress, stress. According to statistics, if in the 1 class 90% of children arrive healthy, then at the exit from school healthy only 10%. The rest have various diseases. And they were acquired during training at school. This is the result of educational "reforms", and the exam, unfortunately, is only the tip of the iceberg ...
    1. vel1163 12 August 2019 07: 52 New
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      Yes, verbally, you could pull out a pet, and poke it on a writing-pad in your notebook. And tutoring at universities with 100% admission. And stress, graduation and then entrance exams. And the stupid people dragged them to the 8th grade. Three years in one classroom. They entered only one university and now three. I passed the Unified State Exam sent documents and that's all. Remarkably!
      1. igorbrsv 12 August 2019 08: 15 New
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        Well, pets weren’t taken from anywhere, if they weren’t relatives or something. For example, I wrote correctly. Composed not bad. But he flatly refused to learn poetry and did not read the classics (if Gogol was not counted, well, a few more), although he did not complain about memory. I was "pulled" by literature, geography and biology. He loved physics, mathematics, geometry, computer science ...
        But the exam passes all sorts of frames
      2. Far B 12 August 2019 09: 54 New
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        And now the proud sons of the mountains are coming from the Caucasus with one hundred percent result in the Russian language through the most objective Unified State Examination)))
        And tutoring in general has become practically a profession (with very good incomes, by the way), but without any guarantees of receipt at all)))
        And now stupid people are dragging by how much in vain to an incomplete average, so this hasn’t gone anywhere))) Do you propose disposing of them?
        Something somehow you have with claims is not right word.
      3. orcinus 12 August 2019 10: 03 New
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        I have a father, the son of a worker and storekeeper, who had served several years at one time, graduated from high school with a medal, became a master of sports, entered and graduated from medical school, defended his dissertation in Soviet times. Mother, daughter of a nurse, single mother, school and institute (entered without tutors) with medals. I would have looked like now with such a social start they have made their way. In Soviet times, the education system was that of secondary, higher that was one of the social elevators.
        1. Nyrobsky 12 August 2019 11: 11 New
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          Quote: orcinus
          In Soviet times, the education system was that of secondary, higher that was one of the social elevators.

          In Finland, with some changes, the Soviet education system was taken as the basis, as a result of which the level of education in this country is the highest and highest quality in Europe. Secondary and higher education is given there for free, textbooks are free. There is an additional “voluntary” year of study during which the student who has expressed a desire to continue his studies receives education in those subjects that he needs for his future profession. In Finland there is no exam. In our country, having abandoned the Soviet system, education was turned into a mess, with the optimization of schools, universities and teaching staff, geared towards the process of "standardization of thinking" and the production of the army of "professionals" useless for the development of science and the state - psychologists, sociologists, lawyers, political scientists, designers, etc., eliminating the appearance of geniuses creating advanced technologies. The great "tyrants" Lenin and Stalin considered the elimination of illiteracy and universal education as the primary task, opening the huts of the reading rooms and schools in the farthest villages in order to raise a creator person, now the "great reformers" are closing libraries and schools, growing a consumer person.
          PS- "The result of the optimization was the reduction since 2001 of the number of kindergartens from 51 to 48 thousand, rural schools - from 46 to 24 thousand, urban - from 23 to 18 thousand units,"
    2. Underwater hunter
      Underwater hunter 12 August 2019 09: 11 New
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      Quote: Vadim T.
      If in the USSR each textbook passed strict selection and withstood several reprints, now people who haven’t worked for a day write them

      In our country this can not only be attributed to education, people occupy the highest managerial positions, but they do not understand the subject at all. (Journalist - Cosmos, etc., a lot of examples, almost everything is out of place)
      Quote: Vadim T.
      This is the result of educational "reforms", and the exam, unfortunately, is only the tip of the iceberg ...

      Yes, we are already reaping the results and this is only the beginning .. flowers, berries in five to ten years will begin.
  6. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 12 August 2019 06: 53 New
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    It’s time for a long time to abandon this exam, still it does not bear anything worthwhile. And it's time to return the outgoing exams. Those people from the West who distributed the exam in our country, they do not use it in practice, only with the exception of special schools.
    1. AU Ivanov. 12 August 2019 10: 33 New
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      Return corruption component? Exams, in fact, were an auction for the sale of coveted points.
      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 12 August 2019 11: 58 New
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        And what this corruption component is about, that they gave people the right knowledge and they could openly show, demonstrate them in practice, and with the help of the Unified State Examination they try to lead people to a standstill and with the help of this, many fates collapse. It seems that the propaganda has worked well, that already exams, began to be considered a corruption component. And what about those countries who promoted the USE, they will not accept them at the state level in their own country, but use them only in special schools. Because, they perfectly understand what a similar initiative can lead to.
        1. AU Ivanov. 12 August 2019 13: 02 New
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          What is the corruption component? The fact that any exam result, both final and introductory, could be bought. Without any knowledge, a certain amount of money is enough. Additional lessons for a particular teacher, all sorts of "preparatory courses" at the price of a wing from an airplane or even a banal envelope with money.
          1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 12 August 2019 13: 09 New
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            As well as now, who passes the exam again.
        2. servant. 12 August 2019 17: 41 New
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          But don’t you know how to pass exams in schools and universities before the introduction of the exam? England, France? Germany? Do you think they have no centralized examinations in the form of tests?
          1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 08: 31 New
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            Of course, there is only in special schools.
            1. servant. 13 August 2019 08: 33 New
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              Nonsense! Google to help you! If it is called from them not ehe but a centralized exam, then this does not change the essence))
              1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 08: 44 New
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                That's exactly what Bullshit is on your part if you decide to refute the information where is the evidence, etc. only at the state level, and not this nonsense about Google, I also have to look for something, it’s ridiculous even when it comes to that, then write, and you can leave this nonsense about Google.
                1. servant. 13 August 2019 08: 50 New
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                  Have you made a statement about special schools? So prove your case, you made an unproven statement and demand that I refute your Wishlist? Links to sources claiming that centralized exams are conducted in the USA, England, France in Germany only in special schools please)) And what are special schools in these countries, explain using links. You are not a troll and are responsible for your words?
                  1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 08: 54 New
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                    And what's the catch, to write what I already wrote to you. In short, all for now, when you learn to write correctly, then you can write to me, and now only one nonsense comes from you.
                    1. servant. 13 August 2019 09: 00 New
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                      I understand you))) This is called heard ringing))) Study the question before making statements)) And if you are asked to back up your statement with evidence, then at least do not merge like a snotty youth.
                      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 09: 13 New
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                        MUTUALLY, I already wrote to you above, you will have concrete evidence at the state level and then write links. And so you steered from the answer and merged and began to write the same thing that I wrote to you. As long as you get only blah, blah and another nonsense.
                      2. servant. 13 August 2019 09: 18 New
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                        The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
                      3. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 09: 24 New
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                        You started to refute my words, without giving any evidence, and at the same time wrote a search in Google for proof of what nonsense in general.
                      4. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 12: 57 New
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                        Quote: serviceman.
                        The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))

                        https://zen.yandex.ru/media/detyshcool/pochemu-vse-strany-krome-rossii-otkazalis-ot-ege--5ba1386d9b866900acd95283 Вот вам опровержение того что, на Западе не сдают ЕГЭ на государственном уровне, а только в спец.школах.
                      5. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 20 New
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                        Yandex Zen from homebodies)))) The resource of your level)))
                      6. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 21 New
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                        I chose it specially for people like you. You don’t take more.
                      7. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 24 New
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                        No, homebodies are your level))) Do not disgrace your narrow mind)) Study the question before cheeks from the importance of inflating)))
                      8. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 26 New
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                        It is clear that you and I didn’t answer the question, I steered from the answer, doing floods.
                  2. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 23 New
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                    Bolobol you where your rebuttal.
                  3. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 28 New
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                    So far there is nothing to refute, your statements backed by links to tabloid resources can only convince grandmothers on a bench)))
                  4. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 30 New
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                    You do not go away from the answer, where is the refutation of my words. You are a troll and a bolobol.
                  5. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 35 New
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                    I’m not going to refute your fantasies))) That's when you post the facts in the form of links to the education departments of the countries you specified, then I either apologize or deny. Weak?))
                  6. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 41 New
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                    It will be a lot of honor for you to give you these links to these articles. First, give me a refutation, and then you will see it later.
  7. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 09: 18 New
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    And learn to write adequately, so you will keep correspondence with your parents. That's when you learn this then write. And so only a boy of the 5th grade can write in that tone.
  8. servant. 13 August 2019 09: 19 New
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    As I understand it, you are a student of the 6th grade with your knowledge))) Victim of the ege?)))
  9. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 12: 38 New
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    Where are you again steering from the answer, if the peasant is so responsible for your words and give an example of the fact that you began to refute my words and do not answer my own questions with my own words, and so far you are only dealing with floods of morbidity.
  10. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 07 New
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    https://www.pravda.ru/society/1301661-volinets/
    It’s better to read here, it will be more clear for you. Here’s what is supposed for special schools.
  • SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 12: 44 New
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    In this case, you are trying to refute my words without providing evidence, and you tell me to look for these proofs refuting Google, it’s really some kind of nonsense. You are the next troll.
    1. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 26 New
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      Do not ascribe to me your troll merits))) I do not back up my nonsense with articles of the same poorly educated homebodies))
      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 28 New
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        Because you do not pull on your level of homebodies for more.
      2. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 31 New
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        You called a homebody to testify to your delirium)))
      3. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 42 New
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        Well, you read the homebody and bring them as evidence of your high knowledge of life beyond the hill))) For grandmothers on the bench, read such articles))) They will appreciate)))
      4. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 44 New
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        The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
        Reply
      5. servant. 13 August 2019 13: 44 New
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        The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
        Reply
      6. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 53 New
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        You didn’t answer the question, do trolling, all for now, then sit yourself something there then prove it, you bastard.
  • SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 13: 35 New
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    Bolobol, when will you answer the question?
  • servant. 13 August 2019 13: 44 New
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    The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
    Reply
  • servant. 13 August 2019 13: 44 New
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    The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
    Reply
  • servant. 13 August 2019 13: 45 New
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    The drain is not counted! You made statements about special schools, not me! Justify, at least Wikipedia, if you can’t do anything more!)) I realized that you voiced someone’s nonsense, I asked you to prove this nonsense, you understood that you can’t prove it and try to merge without losing your face))) Manly!)))) Dodge if unable to answer for your allegations))
    Reply
    1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 14: 05 New
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      And what's the catch, in my own words I should write. SIDY THEN AND PROVEN TO YOURSELF THAT YOU ARE NOT A TROLL.
    2. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 14: 07 New
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      You will be responsible for your words, or you can be considered a bolobol.
    3. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 14: 08 New
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      All clear. you bastard, then sit yourself to prove something there. Bye bolobol.
    4. servant. 13 August 2019 16: 55 New
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      Yes, calm down already)) Well, you don’t have enough mind to confirm your words with facts))) Relax, read books, you can get smarter)) While a fan of homebodies))
    5. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 17: 56 New
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      You always write from your own experience, but as practice has shown, this did not help you. I moved away from the answer and did not answer for my words, in a word you are a pain-giver.
    6. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 13 August 2019 18: 42 New
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      What do you like about arranging this whole circus? You write without insults and in a normal way, you were the first to start this whole circus, and people will respond to you right away.
  • Old Michael 12 August 2019 06: 55 New
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    Only the lazy did not raise the problem. And the video itself is miserable.
  • Old Michael 12 August 2019 07: 35 New
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    And the teacher who graduated from our class "lit us up" so that to this day we are friends, although we have left for different cities and towns. She was our class teacher only in the last year of school, but until now a delegation is going to her every year (at least three to five former students) with a cake and flowers for Teacher’s birthday and day. Next year she will be 85. And I remember her very young, fervent and loving us, like her children (well, she also torn us the same way, without embarrassment, like a parent). Kowtow, Galina Alexandrovna!
    1. Mordvin 3 13 August 2019 18: 47 New
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      Quote: OldMichael
      Kowtow, Galina Alexandrovna!

      Ay, we also had Galina Aleksandrovna ... Albitskaya. Great teacher and just a good woman ... yes
  • Mavrikiy 12 August 2019 07: 48 New
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    a mandatory unified testing system was introduced, better known in Russia as the USE (unified state exam),
    Down with!!!!!
  • rocket757 12 August 2019 08: 42 New
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    Discussed more than once. It is unlikely that since then at least something has changed.
    It is very difficult to ignite in children a thirst for creativity and a desire to learn .... they still have to learn, but somehow askew! This is not such a world, this is the desire of those in power, all over the world, to grow consumers of services.
  • tank64rus 6 October 2019 18: 25 New
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    Who to cook either the creator or the consumer of what the same creators create. Well, for our "elite" we need stupid young people who are not able to comprehend what is happening, and only their children trained in the country of Londongrad will take the reins of government "this country." This is the meaning of everything that happens in education, the rest is from the "evil one."