Military Review

How the "cunning plan of Peter" allowed to defeat the Swedish fleet at Cape Gangut

9
305 years ago, dramatic and at the same time heroic events unfolded at Cape Gangut. On 7 of August 1714 of the year, the question of a strategic nature for Russia was being decided: will the Russian state be able to get a full-fledged access to the Baltic Sea or will it be locked up by the Swedes, not having the opportunity either for active military operations at sea, or for conducting trade relations with European countries.




In the Gangut area, Russian rowing the fleet, consisting of about a hundred ships (mainly galleys) and auxiliary ships, the Swedish fleet with two bombing ships, three frigates, and 15 battleships 9-10 galleys opposed the Swedish fleet.

The Russian squadron under the command of Admiral Fyodor Apraksin gained an advantage over the Swedish Royal Sailing Fleet, thanks, as the KhPP would put it now. At that time, by KhPP one could understand “Peter’s Tricky Plan”, which actually decided on a distracting maneuver to transfer several galleys by dragging to the northern part of Gangut. The Swedes swallowed this bait, and part of their squadron, including the 18-gun flagship "Elephant", was sent to "deal" with the Russians in the north. It did not work out ...

Their negative role for the Swedes was played not only by the fact that they actually divided their fleet, but also by the fact that on August 6-7 almost completely reigned over this area of ​​the Baltic. Swedish sailing ships lost the opportunity not only to maneuver, but even to complete movement as such.

The squadron, commanded by the Swedish admiral Gustav Wattrang, was eventually forced to act in fact as observers of a catastrophic defeat of its own. Swedish sailboats were “chained” to the water calmly at the moment when the Russian galleys entered into business.

The commanders of the Russian squadron skillfully used Swedish miscalculations, in particular - they chose a coastal channel, not closed by the Swedes, for delivering a fatal blow for the Swedes. While the Swedish naval guns were waiting for the galley lines, they rounded the “cannon” threat and carried out several successful attacks. Some of these attacks made it possible to take several Swedish ships on board. Tsar Peter himself took a direct part in the boarding attack and the capture of Swedish ships. In the end, the Swedish flagship Elephant refused to fight.

Ultimately, the Russian fleet won the first in a new (at that time) stories at sea and made it possible for Russia to become a full-fledged player in the Baltic Sea, determining the development of the northwest for many years to come. And Admiral Wattrang, who commanded the Swedish squadron in 1714 in the year of Gangut, henceforth never again agreed to conduct military operations against the Russians. The official reason: "for health reasons."
In honor of the victory of the Russian sailors in Gangutsky, new Russia annually celebrates August 9 as the Day of Military Glory.
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  1. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 9 August 2019 04: 30
    +5
    Commander of the Swedish squadron under Gangut in 1714, Admiral Wattrang henceforth never again agreed to conduct military operations against the Russians. The official reason: "for health reasons."
    And today they have again become infuriated, forgetting about the "state of health".
    August 9 as Day of Military Glory.
    Russian sailors and everyone who stands to defend the Fatherland on a holiday!
    1. Military Builder
      Military Builder 9 August 2019 06: 26
      +2
      And today they have again become infuriated, forgetting about the "state of health".
      Unfortunately, people have a short memory, including the enemies of Russia, from time to time they need to be reminded of their strength, and not just to rattle with their weapons, but to die off specifically, since in the last conflicts Afghanistan and Chechnya did not seem to lose but and did not win, but as in WWII
  2. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 9 August 2019 06: 49
    0
    Swedes still will not forgive Poltva and Gangut
  3. Gardamir
    Gardamir 9 August 2019 07: 20
    +2
    It's a pity the cons of the articles were canceled. Talent and "cunning plan" are opposite phenomena.
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 9 August 2019 08: 56
      -1
      Quote: Gardamir
      opposite phenomena.

      What to do, you have to live with it. yes laughing
  4. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 9 August 2019 07: 39
    0
    It was as if the tsar knew that there would be calm ... Or maybe according to what signs ???
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 9 August 2019 08: 34
      +3
      Quote: Reptiloid
      It was as if the tsar knew that there would be calm ... Or maybe according to what signs ???

      Knew or didn’t know about calm, but I had to fight! It was lucky ... and the victory became full and crucial ... It would have been less fortunate, it would have been harder ... Losses are higher, and some of our galleys could have been sunk ... Decision and courage in battle - often decide the outcome of the battle ... SO needed a victory, that Peter himself participated in the battle ... Therefore, they could not win ...
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 9 August 2019 09: 10
        +1
        Quote: Mountain Shooter

        Knew or didn’t know about calm, but I had to fight!

        But about the fact that have to fight, Peter certainly knew! Not about this particular battle, but in principle. Hold the Northern Frontiers. For this, the City was built here!
        We will threaten the hotel
        To spite the arrogant neighbor!
        Or another.
        No matter how hard the enemies tried ---
        Their troops did not enter here!
        How ri clenched fists ---
        Our great city did not break!

        Here, from the quagmire and swamps,
        Amid the chills, blizzards and floods,
        Palaces and squares have grown
        To the glory of Russian generations!
  5. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 9 August 2019 14: 20
    0
    Poor, poor Swedes!
    How "sorry" they are!