Military Review

Kalmyk steppe. Is there life without the Volga?

59

After the drought


The summer of 2019, the coldest in Central Russia, for the Lower Volga region turned into a terrible heat, drought and the threat that giant territories would remain without water. The first to sound the alarm was, as usual, environmentalists and the media. And already at the end of June, the Prosecutor General's Office announced the threat of environmental disaster in the Lower and Middle Volga.


Kalmyk steppe. Is there life without the Volga?


On July 31, acting president of Kalmykia B. Khasikov urgently arrived in Moscow and asked Vladimir Putin to provide immediate assistance to the republic in connection with the consequences of the shallowing of the Volga and its tributaries. The transformation of the steppes into deserts directly threatens almost 90% of the territory of Kalmykia. In the republic, however, sentiments are growing that, they say, the “center” pays attention only to the Lower Volga regions, but not to the national autonomies of the region.

The latest data from relevant authorities, covering only May and June of this year, indicate that the water filling of the Volga basin over the past four years has decreased by more than 20%. It is unlikely that in July and early August the situation got better. And the Volga basin is up to 40% of the European territory of the Russian Federation.

Since the beginning of the 2019, the Volga water in a number of places receded from the coast by 80-150 meters. The mass death of various fish resources in the basin, including sturgeon, is growing. And in the Middle and Lower Volga regions, droughts, dry winds, soil degradation, illnesses and the death of coastal forests still remaining in some places, sharp and frequent weather drops were registered. It is clear that all this, taken together, worsens the health of the local population.

Work on integrated environmental rehabilitation of river basins for the past three decades has actually been financed at best by half. Equipment for such work more than 70% is outdated, and it is almost not produced in Russia. And its import, naturally, is unprofitable. The shortage of personnel in this area is also growing: now it reaches 80%.



At the same time, the volume of fish resources in the Volga basin, falling since the beginning of the 80-x, according to the Federal Fisheries Agency, only for the 2014-2019 years decreased by almost a quarter, including sturgeon - by more than a third. But the heavy-duty Volga-Kama hydroelectric power stations, already large water consumers, are rapidly increasing water intake to generate electricity. And this is done with more than 60-percent deterioration of their equipment, as well as the equipment of reservoirs adjacent to these hydroelectric power stations, water treatment plants, and other water facilities.

Against this background, the frightening excess of maximum permissible concentration of harmful substances along the entire length of the Volga basin rivers is no longer surprising. It reaches at least 30%. Without proper treatment and filtration, at least half of the volume of wastewater is discharged into the rivers and reservoirs of the basin. These and related factors were stated by the acting head of Kalmykia B. Khasikov at a meeting with V. Putin on 31 July.

Forget about fish Thursday


Opinion of Nadezhda Malysheva, Director for Development of the Information and Analytical Agency "PortNews" (RF):
“The problem of the drying Volga is a consequence of miscalculations at the government level. Now that the river is becoming shallow, when there is not enough state will to comprehensively address such issues, the already shrinking funding for renewal may stop fleet and replenishment faster and faster perishing river fish resources. And in the coming years, water transport in most of the Volga region may end. "




In turn, the honored worker of the USSR forestry Sergey Ageev notes that
"real monitoring of the condition of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, canals has been abandoned since the beginning of the 70's. And the plantations so necessary for the entire biosphere from 1948 were planted along or near water bodies in the middle of the 50's. True, fifteen years later renewed, but haphazardly, and with permissions to cut them "as necessary."


As a result, the expert complains,
“almost all the banks of the Volga and its tributaries in the Lower and Middle Volga regions were left without forests today. In addition, local mountain farmers, starting from the 60-s and today, continue to increase water withdrawal for agricultural land reclamation. But they do this without quality maintenance and use as soil , and drainage networks. Therefore, the "irrigation" water for the most part evaporates, becomes polluted and simply goes into the sand. Also not only in the Volga basin. "


What next? It seems that the sad, even tragic consequences will not take long.

Rivers have already turned


A great Russian river may await another misfortune. Around May 2015, the authorities of Kalmykia periodically proposed to launch the lower Volga channel along Eastern Kalmykia to the Kalmyk coast of the Caspian Sea. In support of such an ingenious idea, it is constantly said that the lower course becomes more and more problematic every year from an environmental and other point of view.

Kalmykia at one time received access to the Volga in a very small area, almost in the delta, as an “economic gift”. However, the “friends of the steppes” Kalmyks famously mastered almost the entire length of the river from Volgograd and Astrakhan and lower. Semi-legal, but rather, completely illegal, caviar business and sturgeon fishing does not stop even after the adoption of the most stringent laws regarding smuggling and poaching.



It is possible that the first to propose a new “river turning” was made by none other than the Minister of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic N. Ochirov. This, according to the Kalmyk side, will help prevent the final desertification of the territory of the republic (76 thousand sq. Km). The cost of the proposed project is about 200 billion rubles.

A review of the mentioned project from the neighboring Astrakhan region was sent to the Kalmykia Water Development Center in July 2015. Of course, the review is negative. Negative due
"the absence in the project of detailed studies of the water balance of the Volga-Kama water cascade with a change in the Lower Volga channel and the possible consequences of its conversion for the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain and the Volga delta."


However, in Elista, according to available information, this epoch-making idea is not abandoned. And it is possible that the transfer of the Lower Volga channel to Kalmykia is considered by its authorities to be a panacea. And this approach is primarily due to the long-standing territorial disputes between Kalmykia and the Astrakhan region. These disputes, as already noted by "Military Review" in the material “Secrets of deportations. Part 3. Kalmyks. Operation "Uluses" », began almost immediately with the restoration in the 1957 of the city of the Kalmyk ASSR (in the 1944-56 years, most of it was part of the Astrakhan region).

The territory of "memory"


The thing is that in 1957-1958 years. as a result of the territorial demarcation between the Lower Volga neighbors, the entire Volga delta and its channels were “preserved” in the Astrakhan region (unlike the period of 20's - the middle of 40's: then almost half of this Volga sector was in Kalmykia).



And Kalmykia was given back that very small section - a 15-kilometer access to the Volga, about 70 km north of its Astrakhan delta. It is possible that, having remembered this, in Elista they can take up memories of a different kind. So, created in March 1948 in the USA (Philadelphia) on the basis of a similar committee in 1942-1945. the emigrant "Kalmyk Committee for the Fight against Bolshevism", which is still in force, repeatedly declares about the "borders of the homeland, infringed by the Soviet regime", about the need for "an international campaign for the restoration of rights and genuine historical the borders of our people. "

These theses were presented in the committee’s memorandum at the end of April 1955 at the conference in Bandung (Indonesia) of the heads of 29 developing countries, including China. The document also called on the conference participants "to contribute to ending the Soviet ethnocide of peoples and nationalities." Contrary to the protests of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Soviet embassy in Indonesia, the memorandum was read out by the then head of the committee, Jab Burkhinov.


Like many other nations, large and small, Kalmyks are also not without imperial ambitions.


Until recently, the Astrakhan region rejected all of Elista’s requests for the creation of high-power irrigation networks and public water pipelines from the Volga Delta to the neighboring Caspian and central regions of Kalmykia.

In a broader context, the local media and Radio Liberty in mid-May 2013 reported that the leaders of the governments of the Astrakhan region and Kalmykia would meet to discuss the conflict around the 340 ha of the Liman region, located near the Volga delta. It is known that the Republic of Kalmykia continues to lay claim to them. According to representatives of the autonomy, these lands have historically been Kalmyk pastures.



In recent years, disputes have escalated and conflicts have arisen between residents of neighboring regions over a number of adjacent regions. Alas, these issues have not yet been resolved. And due to the catastrophic drought in Kalmykia, Elista is quite handy to recall that the republic had two other accesses to the Volga before 1944, closer to Astrakhan, but after the restoration of the Kalmyk ASSR they remained in the Astrakhan region.

Another incentive for the Kalmyk-Astrakhan disputes to flare up, especially in connection with the water and environmental situation in Kalmykia, was another fact. In January 2015, more than 70% of the participants in a public opinion poll conducted in the Akhtubinsk region of the Astrakhan region adjacent to the Volgograd Region and in Akhtubinsk itself supported the transfer of this territory to the Volgograd Region.

So far this question has not received any "official" continuation. But, according to the Volgograd political scientist and historian Pavel Golod, the "provincial initiatives" of the Akhtuba region may become a kind of bad example for Elista. The expert notes that
"after the liquidation of the Kalmyk ASSR in the mid-40's, part of its Volga regions was transferred to the Astrakhan region. Kalmyks still consider these regions to be their own, and any administrative-territorial changes in the Astrakhan region will most likely lead to resuscitation of Kalmyk claims. But they satisfaction is an unsafe precedent for all of Russia. "


The environmental situation on the Lower Volga, especially in Kalmykia adjacent to this basin, is, as we see, fraught with political costs if the issues of integrated environmental rehabilitation of the Volga basin are still not addressed.
Author:
59 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. rocket757
    rocket757 9 August 2019 15: 08
    +11
    I don’t feel like writing anything .... JUST A TROUBLE !!! Schaub hiccuped red and all like him!
    1. Underwater hunter
      Underwater hunter 9 August 2019 15: 49
      +2
      Quote: rocket757
      I don’t feel like writing anything .... JUST A TROUBLE !!! Schaub hiccuped red and all like him!

      This trouble lies in the fact that the cascade of dams did not complete, after the collapse of the USSR no one was interested in this issue at all .. and not only that ..
      1. tol100v
        tol100v 9 August 2019 16: 00
        -6
        Quote: Underwater Hunter
        This trouble is

        It lies in the fact that here the State Department ears and money stick out!
      2. Okolotochny
        Okolotochny 9 August 2019 17: 10
        +3
        Ohhh, Svarog, Putin drank water ???
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 9 August 2019 18: 58
          +3
          Quote: Okolotochny
          Ohhh, Svarog, Putin drank water ???

          And the GDP sits at the very top, he didn’t drink water, doesn’t control nature, but he still has all his wines! Because we bring troubles to us ... the different people on whom he sits, the slave to begin to rule, fries the wrong, punish those who have transgressed ... these are HIS people!
          And if not??? so why is he sitting at the very top then?
      3. rocket757
        rocket757 9 August 2019 18: 54
        +4
        Plain dams are not a big buzz !!! The nature of such an intervention does not forgive!
        Electricity, in total, is generated from the Gulkin figs, but they did harm and will still do not change !!!!
        And do not tell TALES that a cascade of dams would do better ..... even more harm would be done to nature!
        We do not live on the moon, how and what the river .... survives, see every day!
        1. Underwater hunter
          Underwater hunter 9 August 2019 21: 11
          -1
          Quote: rocket757
          And do not tell TALES that a cascade of dams would do better .....

          Here in my opinion is a reasoned story of a man who once designed dams ..
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 10 August 2019 05: 54
            +2
            The man is of course a professional, for his work he "hurts" like he grit with all his heart !!!
            But he correctly points out that in such a MOST IMPORTANT sphere as hydropower, greedy goons rule / bandit !!! we are not the USSR, where there was more or less discipline in the implementation of the PLAN, not imprisoned on the desire of individual faces to get butterflies here and now !!! ie "business" does not rule here, it ruins everything! And this is really the MOST IMPORTANT state task!
            The question is - to whom can we now entrust such a task?
      4. Simargl
        Simargl 10 August 2019 10: 16
        +2
        Quote: Underwater Hunter
        This trouble is that they did not complete the cascade of dams,
        Flooding the territory with a river is good only for agriculture and only in spring when the river causes a fertile layer (flood meadows). The increase in the mirror with the constant flooding of a large area is the removal of land from management and an increase in water consumption for evaporation.
        It makes sense to do a dam in the gorge.
    2. karabass
      karabass 9 August 2019 19: 22
      +2
      a week ago, driving along the Volga hydroelectric station, I noticed WATER MORE
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 10 August 2019 06: 00
        +1
        Heavy rains at the top, it happens ... but not every year!
        The water in the Volga and Akhtuba is cold, but it does not bloom!
        But after a catastrophic spring spill, it does not save anything!
        The floodplain, small rivers, lakes, fish stocks received a nautical strike and the outcast will be LONG!
  2. Valter1364
    Valter1364 9 August 2019 15: 47
    +13
    For more than ten years, twice a year, in spring and autumn, I travel to the Volga delta.
    Even in such a short period of time, changes are visible without an armed eye.
    Although there is an opinion among old-timers that the water level in the delta is associated with a twenty-five-year cycle, and everything will recover by itself, it is hard to believe in this.
    Whoever was in the delta knows how huge and beautiful the world is.
    In Soviet times, in the 80s, 182 dredging dredgers worked in this area of ​​the Volga, not counting hundreds of mowers.
    In addition to the main navigable canal, they also cleaned adjacent ducts, veins, etc.
    There is currently none of this. Of technology, one private and a pair of departmental used dredgers purchased from the Dutch and a pair of reed mowers. And the impression is such that all this technique is more ceremonial and appears before the arrival of GDP and DAM. (they often go there for fishing), to create the appearance of our happy life.
    One must be the master in his own country, and not the consumer. Then the Volga will come to life, and with it millions of people on its shores.
    1. Underwater hunter
      Underwater hunter 9 August 2019 16: 00
      +1
      Quote: Valter1364
      One must be the master in his own country, and not the consumer. Then the Volga will come to life, and with it millions of people on its shores.

      Our hosts are thinking more and more about the West and how to settle there .. and Russia is seen as a place to earn money.
    2. Wolverine
      Wolverine 9 August 2019 16: 16
      +2
      Quote: Valter1364
      For more than ten years, twice a year, in spring and autumn, I travel to the Volga delta.
      Even in such a short period of time, changes are visible without an armed eye.
      Although there is an opinion among old-timers that the water level in the delta is associated with a twenty-five-year cycle, and everything will recover by itself, it is hard to believe in this.
      Whoever was in the delta knows how huge and beautiful the world is.
      In Soviet times, in the 80s, 182 dredging dredgers worked in this area of ​​the Volga, not counting hundreds of mowers.
      In addition to the main navigable canal, they also cleaned adjacent ducts, veins, etc.
      There is currently none of this. Of technology, one private and a pair of departmental used dredgers purchased from the Dutch and a pair of reed mowers. And the impression is such that all this technique is more ceremonial and appears before the arrival of GDP and DAM. (they often go there for fishing), to create the appearance of our happy life.
      One must be the master in his own country, and not the consumer. Then the Volga will come to life, and with it millions of people on its shores.

      You can’t say better, bravo. good
      1. Korpus
        Korpus 9 August 2019 18: 53
        -4
        Quote: Wolverine
        You can’t say better, bravo.
        Reply

        How much joy)))))
        Quote: Valter1364
        And the impression is such that all this technique is more ceremonial and appears before the arrival of GDP and DAM. (they often go there for fishing), to create the appearance of our happy life.

        Well, this prendil, of course, technically reduced everything to a "bloody regime", etc. laughing Well, you are of course comedians, like Zelensky and K.
        1. Wolverine
          Wolverine 9 August 2019 19: 01
          +2
          Quote: Korpus
          Quote: Wolverine
          You can’t say better, bravo.
          Reply

          How much joy)))))
          Quote: Valter1364
          And the impression is such that all this technique is more ceremonial and appears before the arrival of GDP and DAM. (they often go there for fishing), to create the appearance of our happy life.

          Well, this prendil, of course, technically reduced everything to a "bloody regime", etc. laughing Well, you are of course comedians, like Zelensky and K.

          Exactly the same trouble with the Don River, I myself live in the Don land. Shells work only for the rich, they wash their beaches, the rivers around them have not been cleared or deepened for about 20 years. For five years now no one has been making a depth map, the link is that railways are cheaper, I think this is a state crime on a large scale and they will answer for it ...
          1. Korpus
            Korpus 9 August 2019 20: 27
            -7
            Quote: Wolverine
            Exactly the same trouble with the Don River, I myself live in the Don land. Shells work only for the rich, they wash their beaches, the rivers around them have not been cleared or deepened for about 20 years. For five years now no one has been making a depth map, the link is that railways are cheaper, I think this is a state crime on a large scale and they will answer for it ...

            Well, I don’t know ... It’s to Soboleva and Navalny they have FBK there for billions .. They can help send journalists out too, and that you are exhausted and swim in the swamp (it is advisable to drown).
            And the rest is right! wassat
            1. Wolverine
              Wolverine 10 August 2019 11: 17
              +2
              Quote: Korpus
              Quote: Wolverine
              Exactly the same trouble with the Don River, I myself live in the Don land. Shells work only for the rich, they wash their beaches, the rivers around them have not been cleared or deepened for about 20 years. For five years now no one has been making a depth map, the link is that railways are cheaper, I think this is a state crime on a large scale and they will answer for it ...

              Well, I don’t know ... It’s to Soboleva and Navalny they have FBK there for billions .. They can help send journalists out too, and that you are exhausted and swim in the swamp (it is advisable to drown).
              And the rest is right! wassat


              It’s so tough to troll, it’s not even funny that something in your head is going on incomprehensible ....
              1. Korpus
                Korpus 10 August 2019 11: 23
                -3
                Quote: Wolverine
                It’s so tough to troll, it’s not even funny that something in your head is going on incomprehensible ....

                Of course, I apologize, but also understand me .. Here, many suddenly repainted ..
                I have to snap back .. (I do not remember you)))
    3. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 07: 48
      +4
      . The environmental situation on the Lower Volga, especially in Kalmykia adjacent to this basin, is, as we see, fraught with political costs if the issues of integrated environmental rehabilitation of the Volga basin are still not resolved.

      I am not an expert, but from my bell tower I will say only one thing! Wants to save the river? It is necessary to plant forests !!! Moreover, in the upper Volga-Kama basin, along the Oka River, along tertiary rivers, rivulets and streams. They are the fullness of the water volume in the summer and the uniformity of the spring flood!
      Regards, Vlad!
  3. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 9 August 2019 16: 24
    +5
    According to representatives of the autonomy, these lands have historically been Kalmyk pastures.
    It remains only to the descendants of the Bulgars to claim their rights to the lands of Bulgaria in the XNUMXnd century A.D.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 07: 53
      +3
      Quote: Vladimir61
      According to representatives of the autonomy, these lands have historically been Kalmyk pastures.
      It remains only to the descendants of the Bulgars to claim their rights to the lands of Bulgaria in the XNUMXnd century A.D.

      Yah? I propose to start the operation "androphage" according to Herodotus! Bring the land back to the Samoyeds from the Meteod Swamp to the Riphean Mountains! Below are the phone numbers and addresses of the gateway where you can sign up for Androphage! laughing
  4. bober1982
    bober1982 9 August 2019 16: 34
    +2
    The Volga is blocked by numerous hydroelectric power stations, hence the problems, the river becomes shallow every year, this year they made an unsuccessful discharge of water, the consequences were dire, but the reason all the same, precisely in the hydroelectric power plants, sooner or later, this would happen.
    I do not urge to abandon the hydroelectric power station, this is impossible, but what we have now is the consequences of human intervention in nature, we will call it that.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 08: 01
      +2
      Volga basin, perhaps one of the most hydrotechnically equipped in the world! For example, all eastern tributaries of the river. Kama and most of the river. White have more Demidov built, mining dams! Not less than them on the Oka and other tributaries of the Volga. So killing the "natural regulator" must be replenished! Here I repeat need to plant forests!
      Regards, Kote!
      1. Azis
        Azis 11 August 2019 00: 15
        +1
        Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Here I repeat need to plant ...!
        Regards, Kote!
        It is necessary to plant those who, through their actions or inaction, cause irreparable harm to the river that was once called the Great. I understand, of course, that PJSC RusHydro and others like him can’t be planted, and most of their employees are not welcome ...
  5. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 9 August 2019 16: 38
    +8
    The territorial division of Russia is one of our main troubles. Vladimir Ilyich is lying so comfortably, he should have been shot for the ideas of a "prison of peoples" and other "national republics"! Kalmyk bureaucrats against the Astrakhan bureaucrats in the battle - who will rob the land and water of the shallow Volga. Hydroelectric power stations squeeze money out of the water without being interested in either one or the other, or nature or the future. Forests are dying both under the saws, and because the Volga reservoirs have seriously changed the climate in Central Russia, and not for the better. Agrarians, having irrevocably lost the incredibly fertile flooded Volga lands, are trying to squeeze out everything from what they have, to dust ...
    We still have a cool country. Wherever you spit ...
    1. To be or not to be
      To be or not to be 9 August 2019 18: 34
      -2
      Michael3 (Michael) Today, 16:38
      The territorial division of Russia is one of our main troubles. "
      This is right in Zhirinovsky! wink
      But. This at one time retained the identity of small peoples and nationalities. They did not dissolve in the abyss of revolutionary storms and perestroika.
      In Israel, they have now taken a different path .. "In Israel, back in 2014, after heated discussions in the Knesset (parliament), a law was adopted defining this state as the" national space of the Jewish people. "

      Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu supported the law.

      "The State of Israel is a national Jewish state. It has equal rights for all citizens, I want to emphasize this. But these rights apply only to representatives of the Jewish people: the flag, and the anthem, and the possibility of emigration of Jews from other countries - all this is part of our national symbolism "- he said."
      The Soviet Union and the Russian Federation as their right successor follow a different path with a numerical majority in the multinational Russian state

      This was the strength of peoples as a single organism and its victory in wars
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 9 August 2019 18: 37
        +3
        What is it about? Is this "national identity going sideways for everyone today? The victory was won by the Amhars? Or maybe the Mordovians? Or were they Assyrians? There are many peoples in our territory, but more and more Russians have to die for this territory ..."
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 08: 16
          0
          Quote: Mikhail3
          What is it about? Is this "national identity going sideways for everyone today? The victory was won by the Amhars? Or maybe the Mordovians? Or were they Assyrians? There are many peoples in our territory, but more and more Russians have to die for this territory ..."

          You Michael do not pose the question correctly?
          victory was won by the peoples of Russia!

          The same “Mordva” you mentioned forged the victories of Russia, even from the time of Yuri Dolgoruky and Vsevolod the Big Nest, if not earlier!
          By the way, if you follow the Tale of the Provisional Years, then in the embassy for Rurik, Russians are not observed! bully
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 9 August 2019 21: 15
      +2
      And the forest plantings so necessary for the entire biosphere that were carried out since 1948 along or near water bodies were canceled back in the middle of the 50's.
      Probably just does not know that without forests and swamps the rivers instantly shallow. Arable farming should be no closer than one kilometer. Nikita Kukuruznik, all this after ascending to the throne, canceled everything, the rivers were shallow before our eyes. I remember the Dnieper in Smolensk for the 1962 year, ships traveled along it, in the 70x it was not navigable, and now the river can be wade. The same Volga for 20 years is painful to watch. Now on the banks still make buildings almost to the water. There was Stalin, the rivers lived, now the democrats have ruined everything. It turned out to be messy, but .. It’s not a shame, but I want to roar with a beluga!
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 9 August 2019 16: 39
    +4
    Yes, such a crap, in many river basins. In the Krasnodar Territory, a program was adopted to save small rivers and reservoirs of the Territory under Tkachev in 2007, what was saved and what is being saved is currently unknown. Forest planting, cleaning of reservoirs, construction of new treatment facilities and other measures is a costly business, profit is on the horizon, it will not immediately bring money. And now we need a lot of money. I remember the film of the early 70s with the participation of Tarapunka and Shtepsel, there is a plot from the future. A student (Tarapunka) takes an exam, talks about fish, about the environment its habitat, how it looks. Fells. The examining professor (Plug) does not know what the fish looks like, but claims that he conducted research and established the species and name and shows a drawing that depicts a "fish" - it has a camel upside down and the name of this fish "pink salmon". It looks like this future has come ... We went on a fishing trip, on a paid one, with an overnight stay ... the fish does not fit into a jar of mayonnaise, it is larger, but this is rubbish buffalo crucian and rudd, golden and silver crucians probably died out like other fish species , for a long time there is no tench, carp, bream, perch are rare about others, I just keep quiet ...
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 9 August 2019 18: 32
      +6
      What kind of fish do you want if the water level in the Volga is regulated artificially, moreover, in the interests of the hydroelectric power station and by them? Fish feed mainly in the coastal zone, but how can it be fed there if the reproduction mode of coastal underwater plants is destroyed? The roots of these plants regularly die in the sun, under which they expose them to drain water, and just as often find themselves without lighting when they are poured much deeper than they can bear.
      The natural regime of floods and summer shallowing has nothing to do with the energy supply schedule, so the underwater flora just surrenders, and fish also surrenders with it ...
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 9 August 2019 19: 46
        +5
        You know, in 1975 the Krasnodar reservoir was built and the water level in the Kuban was artificially regulated, but the fish was up until 2000 ... And why dredging was carried out, forest plantations were made along the river ... But somewhere from 2000 a fashion arose, build at home in the area of ​​the natural spill of the river. To do this, they built a dam so that there would be no flood. The swimmers where the fish spawned disappeared. The river is no longer cleaned. From our town Rocket went to Kerch, along the river, into the sea and further through the strait. But in connection with siltation, the place where the Kuban flows into the sea, you can cross bend ... The essence of my first comments that environment protection measures is expensive and not profitable ... ... profit in the long term is not profitable dalekoy.Chastniku such measures predprinimat.Gosudarstvu especially.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 9 August 2019 21: 18
      +1
      Quote: parusnik
      .In the Krasnodar Territory, they adopted a program to save small rivers and reservoirs of the region under Tkachev in the year 2007, what they saved and what they currently save is unknown

      Top managers master the allocated funds.
  7. Avior
    Avior 9 August 2019 16: 41
    +1
    The article is serious, it raises many problems, only hydroelectric power stations were vainly accused of water intake - how much water it takes, it gives away so much, only the flow rate slows down
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 9 August 2019 16: 46
      0
      Quote: Avior
      only hydroelectric power stations were vainly accused of water intake - how much water it takes, so much it gives

      Yes, everything is correct, they did what was prescribed for them. It turns out that there are no perpetrators.
      In some places, the Volga is 5, 7,10, 12, 16, XNUMX km wide. Is this normal? what kind of river is this?
    2. To be or not to be
      To be or not to be 9 August 2019 18: 12
      +2
      Quote: Tol100v
      Quote: Underwater Hunter
      This trouble is

      It lies in the fact that here the State Department ears and money stick out!

      here are other uhi.
      Nature. Climate and nature management

      The problem of rivers has long and well been stated in arguments and facts.
      https://aif.ru/society/nature/a_esli_volga_sovsem_peresohnet_pochemu_meleyut_krupneyshie_rossiyskie_reki
      "But in general, the great Volga River will not dry up tomorrow. Thank God, a person cannot yet twist nature into a ram's horn."

      hence
      https://nn.aif.ru/society/details/kto_slil_volgu_eksperty_o_tom_pochemu_meleet_velikaya_russkaya_reka
    3. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 9 August 2019 18: 33
      +3
      There is a nuance. WHEN GIVES. And in this nuance - the death of the river and the river ....
  8. Artavazdych
    Artavazdych 9 August 2019 17: 50
    +1
    Often I go fishing in the Volga delta. It’s true - around the Kalmyk guys along the highway they sell fish and black caviar. Black in every sense. So, they really say with some kind of childish resentment and anger approximately:
    - Well, nothing, soon it will all become ours
  9. Rwmos
    Rwmos 9 August 2019 18: 25
    +5
    But there the situation with 90's is only getting worse. Everything in the article is correct.
    The only thing is that it was impossible to give autonomy access to the Volga and its resources in general - the same fishnets do not catch them at all, you will catch - you ran into an international scandal, and the center will make you a scapegoat.
    By water - there is only one way out - to change the hydraulic mode, namely on dams. And instead of hydroelectric power plants, building nuclear power plants is without options. And no experiments with land reclamation and water drainage to Kalmykia - we will destroy the river!
    But in general. everything is not so terrible with shallowing, there is some overspending, but it is caused by the fact that agricultural came to life in the lower Volga, and agricultural water always eats, just change the hydro mode at the dams - there is a reserve there. The second reason for the shallowing is annual fluctuations. Okay, too, the first year of the year so it looked like itself for 5 - otherwise all winters were snowless, her chicken almost passed
  10. Diviz
    Diviz 9 August 2019 18: 48
    -6
    But the Siberian rivers cannot be redirected to the Volga. The Chinese would have done it a long time ago. Maybe we are waiting for their help as always. It’s good that so far the herring and pike perch have spawned, and so maybe they will not.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 09: 34
      -1
      Antiresno! This is which of the Siberian rivers you want to turn into the Volga? I am banally interested in the “metaphysical principle of solving this idea” itself! Take away from some to give to others !!!
      Since I sincerely know only one river in the Middle Urals, the beginning of which is in Asia, and it carries its oxen to Europe (Chusovaya)!
  11. Operator
    Operator 9 August 2019 19: 05
    -2
    Evict Kalmyks to their historical homeland in Mongolia and close the question.
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 10 August 2019 10: 00
      -2
      Andrei, there may be a counter option! Evict all Russians from the Urals, from Siberia, etc., and relocate to their historical homeland in ............
      I understand you are a supporter of the theory of blood and "sleeping peoples", but the historical homeland of the Slavs will definitely not even be Moscow or even Moscow Region, but ......... we will all fit in and we will be happy ......... whether !!!
      To be honest, I am annoyed by the neo-nationalist polemics of a number of members of the forum! Of course, I understand that chewing snot somewhere under the conditionally “Ryazan” is one thing, another, where the Russians live next to other (sorry for the tautology) nationalities and are not a priori auto-hons, this is not funny! I have 11 ethnic groups in the neighborhood, right up to the exclusive in the form of (Mansi, Nagaybakov and Mari)! And everyone home, to their homeland - then there will be one family of descendants of Mansi (Mansi - only a family member considers himself, the rest of the members believe that this is his personal “bliss” and three Bashkir families! The rest, including Tatars, came! Although I sincerely I wonder where we will drive the Tatars from the Urals! So, how do they live in my neighbors three "subspecies": the Urals, Siberian and Nagaybaks! The second to Kazan or Bukhara (Kuchuk’s heirs), and the first and third we will get !!!?
      Either where should I go to Kaluga, where did my ancestors take my N.N.Demidov to the Urals from, or near Smolensk, where did the Prince Ramodanov bring the “gamayuns” out of the years of unrest?
      1. Operator
        Operator 10 August 2019 16: 13
        -3
        What about your perception of reality - since when did our country begin to be called the Kalmyk, Mansi or Nagaybak Federation? laughing

        Our ancestors from 20000 to 1000 BC passed from Altai to Europe and from Europe to Arabia, Iran, India and Manchuria, from 1600 they again passed to the Pacific Ocean. The President of the Russian Federation expressed the current situation in the most accessible way: "Russia's borders do not end anywhere" (C).

        And for those who disagree, we have the world's largest nuclear missile military-industrial complex and the Strategic Missile Forces. As the saying goes: "Waking up, we drank our little levels" bully
      2. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 11 August 2019 17: 06
        +1
        I don’t want to stir up ethnic strife. Nobody needs to be evicted anywhere. But, speaking cynically, purely theoretically, it is the Russians who can resettle anyone from the territories of Siberia and the Trans-Urals. They have lived there for centuries, they have long been indigenous, and there are many times more of them compared to the "autochthonous". And that is precisely why (although not only because) these territories remained with Russia after the collapse of the USSR. Strictly speaking, many Tatars, Bashkirs, Mari, Erzya and Moksha, Yakuts and representatives of other peoples in the Russian Federation live for decades and centuries far beyond the boundaries of their "primordial" territories and (or) outside "their" national-territorial formations ("primordial" territories and "their" national formations do not always coincide territorially). Although, of course, in Siberia, the Trans-Urals, the Far East, you can find enclaves with a predominance of "indigenous" ethnic groups. But in terms of population and economic potential, they are incommensurably weaker than the territories with a predominantly Russian population. This is a consequence of spontaneous and organized colonization, characteristic of the imperial period, and for the Soviet, and for the present. And to climb into the ethnological jungle of the past centuries is a stupid and unproductive business. Particular bewilderment is aroused by the claims of representatives (mainly of the humanities) of those peoples to the territory and power, which, no matter how "indigenous" they are, actually make up only a few percent of the population of a particular region. For example, we can consider the Khanty and Mansi "indigenous" inhabitants of the entire territory of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. But those people who demand to transfer real power and control over the district's resources to the Khanty and Mansi, who make up only 2% of the district's population, will be looked at as fools at best. Although the Khanty and Mansi undoubtedly have the right to a certain share of oil and gas revenues, they should receive support in the development of language, culture, and local self-government in those settlements where they really prevail. It is necessary to look at who now actually lives in this or that territory and in what percentage.
        Even if we take territories within the borders of the times of Ivan 3 or Vasily 3, it should be recognized that in Moscow the majority of inhabitants are by no means descendants of Muscovites of the 15-16 centuries, in the Novgorod, Ryazan and Pskov regions, a significant part of people now live, who are not at all descendants of the inhabitants of the Novgorod and Pskov republics or the Ryazan principality. Over the centuries, we Russians have been very mixed together.
  12. Local from the Volga
    Local from the Volga 9 August 2019 20: 32
    +1
    There was such a bike in the late 80s that the Japanese offered to clear and deepen the entire Volga, but all that they find at the bottom is them!
  13. dmmyak40
    dmmyak40 9 August 2019 21: 51
    +1
    Do any of the fellow countrymen from Kalmykia have a topic?
  14. KrolikZanuda
    KrolikZanuda 9 August 2019 23: 27
    0
    Cheboksary hydroelectric station is not completed. What Kalmykia, they did not learn how to regulate the work of the river basin.
  15. Artashes
    Artashes 10 August 2019 01: 15
    +1
    There is no reason to believe that the problems (including the Volga and Don ones) will be comprehensively resolved. And the authors, and many comments. - accurate! On the contrary, these problems are triggered so that the international territory also arises. conflicts, disputes. Whether it is export gas pipelines, a respectable "Normandy format" as a screen or "tile covering" of all Moscow and the region, of course, Kyrgyz and Tajiks - cheap and experts in anything ...
  16. nikvic46
    nikvic46 10 August 2019 07: 28
    +2
    While nature will be a source of income for individuals, this will continue. The science of using rivers has never been in demand. And now all the more. Remember about Pechora, which we wanted to send to the Volga. We will build dams, instead of creating an outflow water during a flood. Most importantly, invest money today to do it all tomorrow.
  17. Million
    Million 10 August 2019 08: 22
    +4
    The owner is not in the state! The real OWNER, not an "effective manager." Stalin was him, and Putin and Co. just came to hang out
  18. 2112vda
    2112vda 10 August 2019 13: 21
    +1
    Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Volga basin, perhaps one of the most hydrotechnically equipped in the world! For example, all eastern tributaries of the river. Kama and most of the river. White have more Demidov built, mining dams! Not less than them on the Oka and other tributaries of the Volga. So killing the "natural regulator" must be replenished! Here I repeat need to plant forests!
    Regards, Kote!

    So who will plant them? "Hera's affective exchange" leskhozes have driven to hell. This "bloody Stalin" was engaged in all sorts of nonsense, that is, the creation of forest shelter belts. Now the strips have dried out, they can only be used for firewood. Farmers and larger private agricultural producers need it like a prostitute a monastic robe. So gentlemen, we have arrived, and it will be even worse if, of course, the other "great economists" remain in power.
  19. Tomich3
    Tomich3 10 August 2019 16: 05
    0
    I read, I read. It turns out the United States is to blame. All clear.
  20. Azis
    Azis 11 August 2019 00: 04
    0
    From a conversation with an employee of KASPNIRKH:
    - this year the fishery regiment has not been reached due to the low discharge of water from the Volgograd hydroelectric station, supposedly due to the snowy winter, the reservoirs are not very full, which will not give the hydroelectric station the planned generation of electric energy in the subsequent period;
    - due to lack of water, the fish spawned not in eriks / channels, as usual, but in detached reservoirs (which do not connect to the channel, ie, simple puddles after "high water") then, due to high water temperature, most of the juveniles died;
    - at a meeting of the interdepartmental commission, it was decided to increase the discharge of water to reach the fish and agricultural shelves (for some reason, later than the spawning of fish), as a result, the juveniles that were already born were partially washed away, some died due to lower temperatures.
    Further away from myself. And so there is practically no fish (in economic terms), even fish companies buy fish from the Kazakhs or higher along the Volga (for the execution of export contracts), fish on the market is more expensive than meat. Now they seem to be raising the issue of reviving the Astrakhan water divider (http://vetert.ru/rossiya/astrakhanskaya-oblast/sights/111-vododelitel.php, https://arbuztoday.ru/astraxanskij-vododelitel-snova-mozhet-perekryt-volgu /? utm_source = yxnews & utm_medium = desktop), but there is a strong deterioration of the equipment and it is probably again a modern megaproject on which you can save money.
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. Stoler
    Stoler 11 August 2019 12: 56
    0
    So soon we will be left without the taiga and the Volga. Russia etit fool
  23. _Ugene_
    _Ugene_ 11 August 2019 13: 37
    0
    it would be necessary to replace these hydroelectric power stations on the Volga with nuclear power plants, and the wolves are full and the sheep are intact, in modern conditions the hydroelectric power plants look like a relic of the past
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 11 August 2019 17: 23
      0
      In mountainous areas, the construction of a hydroelectric power station is justified. In lowland areas, they can also be built, but without reservoir-monsters such as Rybinsk.
  24. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 11 August 2019 17: 21
    0
    According to Wikipedia, a little over a million people live in the Astrakhan region. According to this indicator, the region belongs to very small constituent entities of the Russian Federation. But she is a giant against the background of Kalmykia with its 270 thousand population, of which about 160 thousand Kalmyks. Somehow, against this background, talking about "Kalmyk expansion" is a bit strange. By the way, in those territories of the Astrakhan region that part of the Kalmyk community claims to be, there are on average 7-10 Russians per Kalmyk.