Oleg Yakut. Hero of the Soviet special forces

The exploits of our contemporaries, heroes of the Afghan, Chechen and other wars of the late twentieth century make no less impression than the heroism of those who went through the Great Patriotic War.




The battle for Birkot fortress


Kunar Province is located in eastern Afghanistan and extends onto the Afghan-Pakistani border. The bulk of the provincial population are Pashtuns. During the Afghan war, the situation in the Kunar province was very tense: the proximity of the Pakistan border provided vigorous activity on the territory of Kunar of mujahideen formations.

The recognized spiritual and political leader of the Afghan opposition who fought in Kunar and neighboring provinces was Mohammad Yunus Khales (1919-2006). Coming from the Pashtun Hugyan tribe, Khales received a spiritual education and enjoyed great authority among the Pashtun population of several eastern provinces of Afghanistan. In 1973, he relocated to Pakistan, where he first joined the Islamic Party of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and then created his own Islamic Party of Afghanistan.

In the mid-1980's, American and Pakistani special services, realizing that the provinces on the border with Pakistan were least controlled by the central authorities of Afghanistan and the Soviet troops who came to the aid of the DRA, hatched a plan to create an "independent state" in the bordering Pashtun regions. Its center was to become the settlement of Birkot.

With the support of Pakistan, Afghan mujahideen were about to suddenly attack Birkot and take over this village, turning it into the epicenter of the creation of a new "state." The militants were trained to master Birkot by the Pakistani military and instructors from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. They hoped that the DRA border regiment stationed in Birkot would not be able to provide serious resistance to the Mujahideen, and the forces of Soviet military advisers and specialists would not be enough to organize resistance to the surprise attack.

In the capital of Kunar province, the small city of Asadabad, the 334th Special Purpose Unit of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces was deployed. In OKSVA he was called the "Asadabad rangers", and officially - the 5 m battalion, for disguise. It was the most belligerent warhead, to which, in fact, the combat situation in the Kunar province obliged.

Oleg Yakut. Hero of the Soviet special forces


25 DECEMBER 1986 Three scouts from the detachment disguised as Afghan refugees were transferred by helicopter to Birkot. They had to study the current situation, find out the time of movement of caravans from Pakistan and organize several attacks on caravans. But the task did not work out - on the night of 27 on 28 of December 1986, the Mujahideen attacked the positions of the border regiment of the DRA army. Within a few hours, the militants managed to put almost completely two border battalions, the third battalion was on the verge of defeat.

And then three Soviet intelligence agents, led by a lieutenant from the GRU special forces detachment, came into action. They were able to restore the fighting spirit of the Afghan border guards, mined the approaches to the fortress, and started shooting the militants who were approaching it.

Meanwhile, the battles in Birkot became known to the higher command. Army General Valentin Varennikov, the head of the Management Group of the USSR Ministry of Defense in Afghanistan, flew to Kunar. The commander of the 15-th separate special brigade, Colonel Yuri Timofeevich Starov, whose subordinates were scouts from the 334-th detachment, reported on the situation in the fortress Birkot. Varennikov got in touch with the fortress by radio.

- You can’t leave the city. We have sets of mines "Hunt-2", a lot of ammunition, dry rations. Hold on if you send reinforcements, ”said the lieutenant commander of the scouts.

The Mujahideen tried to take Birkot for a whole week, but in the end they could not cope with his defenders. Having lost 600 people killed and wounded, militant units were forced to retreat to Pakistan.

Assadabad squad


The lieutenant who led the defense of Birkot was Oleg Alekseevich Yakut. He was only 22 years old. Oleg, a simple Belarusian guy, was born in the 1964 year, and in the 1980 year, after the outbreak of the war in Afghanistan, he entered the Moscow Higher Combined Arms Command School. Even then, the guy dreamed of fighting in Afghanistan. As soon as he graduated from college in 1985, he was assigned to the GRU’s 334 Special Forces.

Already in the first months of service, yesterday's “Kremlin cadet” proved himself to be an excellent commander, a brave and courageous warrior who not only fought bravely, but also the shore of people, was able to brilliantly perform the most difficult tasks. And the tasks were almost all difficult.

The 334-th separate special forces detachment was formed in December 1984 on the basis of the 5-th separate special-purpose brigade of the Belarusian military district. The squad included servicemen who arrived from special forces of the Belorussian, Leningrad, Far Eastern, Carpathian and Central Asian military districts. Then the detachment was transferred to the Turkestan military district and transferred to Chirchik.

It was from Chirchik that the commandos were brought to Afghanistan - to Assadabad, to the aid of the 66 separate motorized rifle brigade. So the Soviet special forces were in the east of this mountainous country. In fact, Assadabad was also the easternmost point of deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. Moreover, the commandos were responsible for the impressive territory from Barikot to the Assadabad-Jalalabad road.

The situation in Kunar province was very tense. Here, Soviet troops were in a very dangerous position, since the territory of Pakistan began over the Kunar River, where Mujahideen training camps were located near 150. In fact, the militants possessed almost endless human resources, which were being prepared across the river.

Caravan trails also passed here, along which Pakistan was transported from Afghanistan to Afghanistan. weapon and ammunition, there were new trained militants to replenish mujahideen troops. Naturally, the 334 special forces unit had to regularly conduct raids against caravans, capture "languages" that could tell about the plans of the Mujahideen.

He commanded the 334th Special Forces detachment at the time when Oleg Yakut, Major Grigory Vasilievich Bykov (call sign “Cobra”, the Afghans called him “Grisha Kunarsky”, served in it. Bykov was able to maintain the highest level of combat training and discipline in the detachment, so the unit was unique in its kind, brilliantly fulfilling its tasks. Pakistani officers and CIA instructors who trained the Mujahideen were heard of the 334 squad. It was they who called the Soviet special forces "Asadabad rangers."

Three stars lieutenant of Yakutia


On December 3 of 1985 of the year, near the height of 1.300, a group of Yakut commandos entered into battle with the Mujahideen, having come to the aid of the scouts who were ambushed. Despite the current dangerous situation, the officer did not think for a second with his people - they got involved in the battle, protecting colleagues.

Lieutenant Yakuta received two bullet wounds, in the arm and knee. But even after being wounded, he continued to command subordinates. As a result, the Mujahideen were forced to retreat. Under the enemy’s fire, commandos evacuated the dead and wounded from the height of the body. Oleg Yakut received the Order of the Red Star.

In January 1986, Oleg Yakut was appointed commander of a special group for the capture of prisoners, which was tasked with capturing the Mujahideen and commanders of the formations. And soon he received his second Red Star. Then Oleg Yakuta with his subordinates was able to break the guards of a prominent field commander, and capture the leader of the dushmans.



In total, during the 1985-1987 years, Oleg Yakuta managed to personally capture the leaders of the gangs operating in East Afghanistan in 20. For this he received the third order of the Red Star.

When it was decided to drop the Soviet intelligence into Birkot, it is not surprising that the choice fell on Oleg Yakuta - as one of the best officers of the special forces. And with his actions, with his wholehearted courage and true ingenuity, the commandos fully met the expectations of the command.

Hero Yakut was never given


The feat of Lieutenant Oleg Yakuta in Birkot, where the young Soviet officer actually headed the fortress defense, although there were also officers older in rank and age, it was necessary to note a high award. Army General Valentin Varennikov, amazed by the courage of the lieutenant, was confident that Oleg Yakut would be given the title Hero of the Soviet Union. So he said to the young officer - if, they say, a hole for the Golden Star.

Varennikov ordered that Oleg Yakut be introduced to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union, but the young officer was never given the Golden Star. A year later, from the headquarters of the Turkestan military district, they replied with a resolution: “A lieutenant (!) Is alive, there cannot be a Hero ...” The commander of the 15th brigade, Colonel Starov, was told that there would be enough awards from Yakuta - he already has three orders of the Red Star.

In 1987, Oleg Yakut returned from Afghanistan. It would seem that a heroic warring 23-year-old officer opened a direct path for a brilliant military career. He entered the Military Academy. M.V. Frunze, successfully graduated from it. But then the Soviet Union collapsed, many servicemen were not able to adapt to the changing conditions of service. Among them was Oleg Yakut. He, who had passed Afghanistan, three times a cavalier of the Order of the Red Star, had to face the most common problems - bureaucracy, misunderstanding on the part of higher commanders. In 1992, Captain Oleg Yakuta left the reserve as deputy battalion commander.

Grigory Bykov, who commanded the 334th Special Forces detachment, fought in Yugoslavia after Afghanistan, and commanded a volunteer battalion. But, like many military men, he remained out of work in the 1990 years. And in 1995, a tragedy happened - a military officer, who was not even forty, committed suicide.

Colonel Yuri Timofeevich Starov (pictured) in the 1992 year went into reserve, then resigned and since then has been actively involved in social activities in veteran organizations.

Army General Valentin Varennikov more than twenty years after Oleg Yakuta’s feat in Birkot, already in March 2008 of the year, wrote a letter to the then President of Russia Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev with a request to restore justice and assign the title of Hero of the Russian Federation to Oleg Yakuta for courage and heroism shown on special missions in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

At the same time, Varennikov emphasized in the letter that he was well aware of the feat accomplished by the officer, since at that time he personally supervised the actions of the Soviet troops in Afghanistan. But the letter of the honored military leader remained unanswered. And on May 6, on November 2009, retired army general Valentin Ivanovich Varennikov also died.
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  1. Military Builder 6 August 2019 05: 19 New
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    But the letter of the honored military leader remained unanswered.

    if Oleg had sold stools, Dimon would have given him a Hero
    1. Mar.Tirah 6 August 2019 06: 23 New
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      Quote: Military Builder
      But the letter of the honored military leader remained unanswered.

      if Oleg had sold stools, Dimon would have given him a Hero

      That's right. I found someone to ask for support. Let me say thanks that the latter were not deprived. Yesterday I had a conversation with the grandson of one GRU special forces who fought in Africa. His daughter seemed to me like he was already an elderly man asking the state to pay for military awards in the two thousandth years, so he was directly told, be silent where you were, otherwise you’ll lose the last. He was silent, and died last year.
      1. Igoresha 6 August 2019 13: 57 New
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        so he was directly told
        forge iron, without departing from the cash register. I remembered riot police, who were flown with apartments
    2. tihonmarine 6 August 2019 09: 30 New
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      “The lieutenant (!) Is alive, it cannot be a Hero ...” The commander of the 15th brigade, Colonel Starov, was told that there were enough awards from Yakuta - he already has three orders of the Red Star
      That's the relationship with the Heroes, and the same remains now. This does not honor Dmitry Medvedev either. But in our memory, these people remain forever.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Umalta 7 August 2019 05: 28 New
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        In order for memory to remain, we need to write a script and a sensible film; we do not need to invent anything, unlike our heroes, we are real and not virtual.
    3. Serg65 6 August 2019 09: 35 New
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      Quote: Military Builder
      if Oleg was trading stools

      Those. before Taburetkin Oleg was given the Hero, and Dimon stripped this title?
    4. iouris 6 August 2019 10: 51 New
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      Quote: Military Builder
      Dimon would give him a Hero

      "Hero" of what? It is practically more useful and correct to establish a personal pension comparable to the salary of, for example, the head of the Rosneft department.
      1. Starover_Z 7 August 2019 22: 40 New
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        Quote: iouris
        Quote: Military Builder
        Dimon would give him a Hero

        "Hero" of what? It is practically more useful and correct to establish a personal pension comparable to the salary of, for example, the head of the Rosneft department.

        Yeah, the current ones will give both the Hero of Russia and the staff for the salaries of Rosneft!
        Rather, they will get the star of the hero of the Soviet Union from the archive and nothing more!
  2. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 6 August 2019 05: 50 New
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    Worthy was a man. Eternal memory to him.
    1. Olgovich 6 August 2019 06: 48 New
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      Quote: SERGEY SERGEEVICS
      Eternal memory to him.

      Who said he died?
      1. SERGEY SERGEEVICS 6 August 2019 07: 23 New
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        Quote: Olgovich
        Quote: SERGEY SERGEEVICS
        Eternal memory to him.

        Who said he died?

        Once he is lively excellent, once again proves the fact that not all articles on the internet can be taken into account.
        1. Olgovich 6 August 2019 08: 04 New
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          Quote: SERGEY SERGEEVICS
          Once he is lively excellent, once again proves the fact that not all articles on the internet can be taken into account.

          The article does not say that he died. Found on the net his video from 2015 gwhere he talks about the war in Afghanistan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgWx_oD5VDY
  3. Destiny 6 August 2019 06: 13 New
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    Everything rests on such peasants ... Man ... Warrior ... hi
  4. Olgovich 6 August 2019 06: 47 New
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    Thank you for the story of a worthy officer.


    But what happened to his fate in the future, after his dismissal?

    Him today total 55 years
    1. tihonmarine 6 August 2019 09: 37 New
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      Quote: Olgovich
      He is only 55 years old today.

      He graduated from the Frunze Academy, but was removed from the army. A young, heroic officer with a smart head. This was not needed, spineless parquet generals were needed. It's a shame for the Heroes and the Power.
      1. yawa63 7 August 2019 18: 19 New
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        Oleg did not graduate from the Frunze Academy, he studied with us in the Oktyabrskoe Pole metro area
  5. Pedrodepackes 6 August 2019 07: 32 New
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    The star was never given to the young officer. A year later, from the headquarters of the Turkestan military district, they answered with a resolution: “A lieutenant (!) Is alive, there cannot be a Hero ...” The commander of the 15th brigade, Colonel Starov, was told that there would be enough awards from Yakuta - he already has three orders of the Red Star.
    it turns out that this feat was not noted at all.
    Born in 1964, and in 1980, after the outbreak of war in Afghanistan, he entered the Moscow Higher Combined Arms Command School. Even then, the guy dreamed of fighting in Afghanistan.
    there is no error in the dates, on the day of admission it was 16 years old, and at the Higher Education Institutes they were accepted from 17, I was refused the credentials committee in the same year, they said you can’t take the oath at 16, although it’s only a week between the oath day and the birthday was.
    1. Den717 6 August 2019 10: 38 New
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      With Yakuta we studied in the same battalion. I also did not have 17 on the oath. Accepted. Is it possible. As an exception and with special permission. You would write to the minister and study too.
      1. helmi8 6 August 2019 10: 52 New
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        Quote: Den717
        Is it possible. As an exception and with special permission. You would write to the minister and study too.

        We also had such. They wrote a report in the name of MO and were enrolled.
      2. Pedrodepackes 6 August 2019 15: 47 New
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        Quote: Den717
        You would write to the minister and study too.

        while I would write and wait for an answer, half a course would have been unlearned, and I had no good reason for the minister. Then he entered.
        1. Den717 6 August 2019 16: 04 New
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          Quote: Pedrodepackes
          while writing would be waiting for an answer,

          Preliminary selection of documents and a report to the minister sent for another six months of the end of school. The most compelling reason for a minister is that I want to study and serve. In your case, most likely, they did not prompt in time that this is possible. It happens.
          1. Pedrodepackes 6 August 2019 16: 24 New
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            Quote: Den717
            Preliminary selection of documents and a report to the minister sent for another six months of the end of school.

            it’s clear that I was “delighted” after the exams, at the credentials.
            1. Den717 6 August 2019 16: 25 New
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              Quote: Pedrodepackes
              it’s clear that I was “delighted” after the exams, at the credentials.

              Sorry....
              1. Pedrodepackes 6 August 2019 16: 29 New
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                Quote: Den717
                Sorry....

                not worth it, maybe it’s for the best, I’m not complaining about how my service has developed, and I walked normally in front of the army.
    2. Military Builder 6 August 2019 10: 42 New
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      Oleg, a simple Belarusian guy, was born in 1964, and in 1980, after the outbreak of the war in Afghanistan, he entered the Moscow Higher Combined Arms Command School. Even then, the guy dreamed of fighting in Afghanistan. As soon as in 1985 he graduated from college

      in command schools, the term of study is 4 years, most likely he entered in 1981 and graduated in 1985.
      they said you can’t take the oath at age 16

      I entered after the 10th grade I was already 17 years old, but with me the guys who were 17 years old studied in November and December, and we took the oath on August 20.
      I’ll say more, which is December, in his second year in December, when he was only 18 years old, he was expelled for a fight, and sent to serve up to two years, and he already managed to do one and a half, in general he went to the spring in 18 and a half years
    3. Lexa-149 12 August 2019 16: 38 New
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      I went to school at 16. 17 hit in October.
  6. Million 6 August 2019 07: 57 New
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    Thank you for the article!
  7. Aviator_ 6 August 2019 08: 10 New
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    The article is good, a wonderful person. From the text it is only not clear: what is he doing now? And further:
    turning it into the epicenter of the creation of a new "state".

    The center is the center, and the epicenter is the projection of the center onto the sphere. An example - an air explosion - is its center, and there is its projection onto the surface of the Earth. So in the text you need: "turning it into Centre"
    1. Pedrodepackes 6 August 2019 08: 28 New
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      Quote: Aviator_
      So in the text it is necessary: ​​"turning it into the center"

      maybe the author of the article had in mind that the city would be an expanding projection onto the territory around it, a kind of explosion of "popular resistance" of the "Soviet occupation".
      1. Aviator_ 6 August 2019 20: 31 New
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        It is necessary to write more accurately, not becoming like magazines that use this term everywhere.
  8. Igor Borisov_2 6 August 2019 10: 48 New
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    Thank you for the article!
    It's a shame for real Heroes ...
    1. Lexa-149 12 August 2019 17: 11 New
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      It's a shame not for the heroes, but for the power. That's for her for sure - It's a shame!
  9. ccsr 6 August 2019 11: 36 New
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    Author:
    P P 'SЊSЏ RџRѕR "RѕRЅSЃRєRёR№
    He commanded the 334th detachment of special forces at the time when Oleg Yakut, Major Grigory Vasilievich Bykov served in it (call sign "Cobra", the Afghans called him "Grisha Kunarsky"). Bykov was able to maintain the highest level of combat training and discipline in the detachment, so the unit was unique in its kind, brilliantly fulfilling its tasks.

    A very interesting article, especially for those who are interested in the Afghan war and the action of special forces.
    There is a book where, based on the recollections of the special forces of this detachment, the combat exits of this unit are described in more detail. If someone is interested, then I recommend reading it, especially since the book is posted on the network.
    1. Captain45 8 August 2019 23: 45 New
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      Quote: ccsr
      There is a book where, based on the recollections of the special forces of this detachment, the combat exits of this unit are described in more detail. If someone is interested, then I recommend reading it, especially since the book is posted on the network.

      Also on the network you can find “GRU Special Forces. Fifty Years of History” and “GRU-2 Special Forces. The War Is Not Over. The Story Continues” Compiled by Sergey Kozlov, a former GRU special forces officer, also analyzes in detail the actions of almost all the special forces in Afghanistan.
  10. Sergey Averchenkov 6 August 2019 12: 31 New
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    And the hero is not necessary. As far as I know, the order of the red star is higher.
    1. not main 6 August 2019 22: 05 New
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      Quote: Sergey Averchenkov
      And the hero is not necessary. As far as I know, the order of the red star is higher.

      But I didn’t set a minus ... In Soviet times, the Order of Lenin was the highest award! And the title of Hero of the USSR was awarded with the presentation of the medal "Golden Star" and the Order of Lenin!
  11. mark_rod 6 August 2019 14: 38 New
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    Quote: Mar. Tira
    Quote: Military Builder
    But the letter of the honored military leader remained unanswered.

    if Oleg had sold stools, Dimon would have given him a Hero

    That's right. I found someone to ask for support. Let me say thanks that the latter were not deprived. Yesterday I had a conversation with the grandson of one GRU special forces who fought in Africa. His daughter seemed to me like he was already an elderly man asking the state to pay for military awards in the two thousandth years, so he was directly told, be silent where you were, otherwise you’ll lose the last. He was silent, and died last year.

    The way our rulers relate to retired and retired officers is something many of us know in our own skin.
  12. NF68 6 August 2019 16: 45 New
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    About such people, it would not hurt to broadcast on TV, and not about Olga Buzova and her similar rotary tails.
    1. Catfish 6 August 2019 19: 37 New
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      They earn money on TV, and not bring up the younger generation.
      1. NF68 7 August 2019 17: 52 New
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        Quote: Sea Cat
        They earn money on TV, and not bring up the younger generation.


        Robot. Day and night without tireless hands and feet.
        1. Catfish 7 August 2019 18: 53 New
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          To chop off both that, and another, and at the same time to cut out language.
          1. NF68 8 August 2019 16: 39 New
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            Quote: Sea Cat
            To chop off both that, and another, and at the same time to cut out language.


            It’s better not to let such people on TV and people in general.
  13. Sergey Averchenkov 6 August 2019 22: 27 New
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    Quote: non-primary
    Quote: Sergey Averchenkov
    And the hero is not necessary. As far as I know, the order of the red star is higher.

    But I didn’t set a minus ... In Soviet times, the Order of Lenin was the highest award! And the title of Hero of the USSR was awarded with the presentation of the medal "Golden Star" and the Order of Lenin!

    You just do not understand me - anyone could get a hero. But the Red Star is only for the military.
    1. cat Rusich 6 August 2019 23: 25 New
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      There is also the Order of the “Battle Red Banner”. The meaning of ,, Hero ,, - will be skipped without waiting in line, benefits and so on ... Understand correctly - THE EXPLORATION in the war is not the end of life, returning home, especially after leaving for ,, citizen ,, there will be a long, struggle for a place in the sun ,,. Each, a piece of paper with signatures and stamps, for example benefits for housing and communal services for Veterans of Labor, will come in handy. hi
    2. Prisoner 7 August 2019 18: 25 New
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      "Red Star" could be awarded for a serious wound received in battle. You won’t just get the Star of the Hero. Either die heroically, or accomplish an exceptional feat, or in the presentation describe it so that there would be frost on the skin. And again, in order for the awards to meet. There was such a dumb abomination. For the leaders of the gangs of justice, the Red Banner relies on a person, but fat uncles were envious of the headquarters that the young officer would have such awards.
  14. Sergey Averchenkov 7 August 2019 03: 03 New
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    Quote: cat Rusich
    There is also the Order of the “Battle Red Banner”. The meaning of ,, Hero ,, - will be skipped without waiting in line, benefits and so on ... Understand correctly - THE EXPLORATION in the war is not the end of life, returning home, especially after leaving for ,, citizen ,, there will be a long, struggle for a place in the sun ,,. Each, a piece of paper with signatures and stamps, for example benefits for housing and communal services for Veterans of Labor, will come in handy. hi

    It will be useful ...
  15. Earnest 7 August 2019 11: 59 New
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    Quote: Den717
    With Yakuta we studied in the same battalion. I also did not have 17 on the oath. Accepted. Is it possible. As an exception and with special permission. You would write to the minister and study too.

    I was born on September 28 of the 74, and enrolled in the school in August of the 91, also in 16 and through the report. There were about a dozen of us on the course.
  16. Prisoner 7 August 2019 17: 49 New
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    The usual thing. The history of the Russian Empire knows many similar examples. Either the heroic soldier died, or the most important living "heroes" - sons, drinking companions, hangers-on and "ordinary parties." Although there are exceptions. "Rarely, but they do. And quite often" (c) soldier
  17. cat Rusich 7 August 2019 23: 10 New
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    My opinion. Similar Heroes (starting from Ancient Russia (not baptized)) should be studied in the lessons of Local History. The point is that in every city, village, village there are Heroes from there. Let schoolchildren and students learn about the Heroes and their Feats that lived and live in their city (village) soldier
  18. Lexa-149 12 August 2019 16: 34 New
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    A year later, from the headquarters of the Turkestan military district, they answered with a resolution: “A lieutenant (!) Is alive, there cannot be a Hero ...” The commander of the 15th brigade, Colonel Starov, was told that there would be enough awards from Yakuta - he already has three orders of the Red Star.

    Well, the staff rats sitting under the air conditioning know best who will receive the rewards. You might think they get them out of their pockets. But, for sure, they entered their names on the award lists.
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. Dzungar 11 September 2019 18: 28 New
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    Oleg Yakut today
  21. Dedok 3 October 2019 09: 43 New
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    yes, correctly formulated, everything is correct.
    Today's problems, they grow from there ...
    Then - they didn’t want to delve into, but today, even more so - they won’t ...