Military Review

"All to fight with Denikin!"

Smoot. 1919 year. 100 years ago, 3 July 1919, after capturing the Crimea and Donbas, Kharkov and Tsaritsyn, Denikin set the task to take Moscow. On July 9, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lenin put forward the slogan: “All to fight Denikin!” The Red Command takes extraordinary measures to strengthen the Southern Front.

"All to fight with Denikin!"

Parade after the liberation of Kharkov by the Volunteer Army. In the center (third from left), the Commander-in-Chief of the All-Soviet Union of Human Rights, A. I. Denikin, behind him, on his left hand, is the Chief of Staff of the All-Soviet Union of Human Rights, I. Romanovsky

Offensive army Denikin. Victory: Crimea, Donbass and Kharkov

In June, 1919, the strategic offensive of the Armed Forces of the South of Russia under the command of Denikin developed. The volunteer army broke through the junction of the 13 of the Red Army and the 2 of the Ukrainian Army and began to develop the offensive against Kharkov. The 3 Army Corps of the All-Soviet Union of People's Adventures launched an offensive from Ak-Monai positions in the Crimea. 18 June 1919, in the area of ​​Koktebel landed troops under the command of Slasheva. 23 - The 26 of June the government of the Crimean Socialist Soviet Republic was evacuated to Kherson. White occupied the Crimean peninsula.

The May-May volunteer army quickly developed an offensive and rejected the defeated units of the 13 and 8 of the Red armies for Seversky Donets. The Red Command hastily tries to organize defense in Kharkov and Yekaterinoslav. There are reserves, the strongest communist parts of the cadets. Trotsky demanded universal weapons and promised to keep Kharkov. At the same time, the Red Command is preparing a flank counter-attack, in the Sinelnikovo area a strike group is concentrated from units of the former 2 of the Ukrainian army, transformed into the 14 army under Voroshilov. The Reds are planning to take out a flank blow from the blows of the White Guards 8 and 9 Red armies, and stop the movement of the enemy to Kharkov by moving from Sinelnikovo to the Slavyansk-Yuzovka area (modern Donetsk). Then, at the same time, the counter-offensive of the 14 Army and the Kharkov grouping would return the Donets Basin.

However, this plan failed. Voroshilov's army did not have time to complete the regrouping. 23 - 25 of May (5 - 7 of June) 1919, the corps of Skins defeated the parts of Makhno under Gulyai-Pole. Then the White Guards developed an offensive to the north, towards Yekaterinoslav, in a series of battles they broke up the 14 Army that had not managed to concentrate in parts and rapidly went to the Dnieper. At the same time, to the south, a group of General Vinogradov was successfully advancing on Berdyansk and Melitopol. And 3 th army corps occupied the Crimea.

Thus, successfully covering the left flank, Mai-Mayevsky developed the offensive of the 1 Army Corps of Kutepov and the Terek Division of Toporkov against Kharkov. Without letting red come to their senses, White swiftly moved forward. The Terts of Toporkov 1 (14) of June took Kupyansk, by 11 (24) of June they embraced Kharkov from the north and north-west, cutting off the communications of the Kharkov Red group, smashing up enemy reinforcements. The right flank of the Kutepov 10 (23) hull took Belgorod in June, intercepting Kharkov’s message from Kursk. During the five-day battles, the Kharkov Reds group was broken up and 11 (24) of June, the White Guards captured Kharkov.

Thus, the White Army captured the Donbass, Kharkiv, and by the end of June 1919 of the year occupied the entire Crimean peninsula, the entire lower course of the Dnieper to Yekaterinoslav. 29 June Shkuro's troops took Ekaterinoslav. The right flank of the Southern Front (13-I, 8-I, 9-I and 14-I army) of the Reds suffered a severe defeat. The Reds retreated, thousands of soldiers deserted. The combat readiness plummeted, whole units fled without a fight. The remnants of the 14 th Red Army and the Crimean grouping moved to the Dnieper, the 13 th Army - Poltava.

Denikin in tank parts of their army, 1919

Honoring General Kutepov in Kharkov in 1919, at one of the VSYUR parades

Offensive of the Don Army

At the same time, the Don army of General Sidorin launched an offensive. Mamontov's cavalry, breaking through the front at the junction of the red 9-th army, went to the rear of the 10-th army. The Donets crossed the Don above the mouth of the Donets, four days passed 200 versts, occupying the right bank of the Don, smashing the red rear and raising the village. May 25 (June 7) the White Cossacks were on Chir, and 6 (19) June, cut the Povorino-Tsaritsyn railroad, and moved on, partly upwards by the Bear, part to the girth of Tsaritsyn.

The second group of the Don Army, having crossed at Kalitva, headed down Khopru to Povorino. The third group of the White Cossacks, having forced the Donets on both sides of the Southeast Railway, pursued the remnants of the 8 Red Army in the Voronezh sector. A separate cavalry detachment of General Sekretev headed north-east to the area of ​​the uprising of the Cossacks of the Upper Don District.

Thus, White took up and in the central sector of the front. As a result of the successful breakthrough of the Don Army, units of 9 and units of 8 of the Red armies were defeated. The White Cossacks united with the rebels of the Upper Don Region, who in the course of fierce and bloody battles with the superior forces of the Reds resisted and waited for help. The Don Region was again under the control of the White Command. The Don Army entered the Balashov-Povorino-Liski-Novy Oskol line. In June - July, 1919, the Don team fought on this line, especially stubborn in the Balashov and Voronezh areas.

The Don Region has again become a powerful center of the anti-Bolshevik movement. 16 (29) June in Novocherkassk solemnly celebrated the liberation of Don land from the Reds. The previously broken, bloodless and demoralized Don Army, which in the middle of May numbered only 15 thousand fighters, took heart and by the end of June it numbered 40 thousand people.

Command of the Don Army in the Cathedral Square of Novocherkassk (5 - Commander of the Don Army, General V. I. Sidorin), July 1919

Sturm Tsaritsyn

The Wrangel Caucasian Army also successfully advanced, developing success after victories on the Manych and Sal rivers. 10-I red army, having suffered a heavy defeat, retreated. The Reds were covered by a rear guard - Dumenko cavalry regiments, which retained their combat capability, destroyed the only railway and bridges, knocking down the pace of the enemy’s movement. However, the Caucasian army continued its march across the deserted steppe, leading battles with a strong adversary. May 20 (June 2) White captured the last serious obstacle in front of Tsaritsyn - a position on the Yesaulovsky Aksai River. In the future, the white command could wait to wait for the repairs of the bridges, the railways, so that armored trains could approach, lift tanks, aircraft, reinforcements, or using the factor of speed and surprise, continue the offensive and on the shoulders of the Reds rush into Tsaritsyn. Wrangel chose the second option and continued the offensive.

On June 1 (14), 1919, troops of the Caucasian Army attacked Tsaritsyn’s fortifications. However, the Red Command managed to prepare the city for defense. Reinforcements, new units from Astrakhan and the Eastern Front (up to 9 new regiments) were transferred to Tsaritsyn. The commander of the 10th army Klyuev (he replaced the wounded Egorov) was able to organize the defense of the city well. Two defensive positions were prepared, which passed along the outer contour of the district railway and the suburbs of Tsaritsyn, on its outskirts. Seven armored trains were used as mobile fire groups. According to white intelligence, the Tsaritsyn red group recited 21 thousand people (16 thousand bayonets and 5 thousand sabers) with 119 guns. They were supported by the Volga military flotilla.

Wire obstacles, a strong garrison, numerous artillery and large stocks of shells made Tsaritsin positions insurmountable. As a result, the two-day assault on 1 - 2 (14 - 15) in June ended with the defeat of the Caucasian army. The White Guards came across a powerful defense, could not break through the position of the Red without the support of artillery armored trains, and suffered heavy losses. 4 (17) The Red Army launched a counterattack and drove the enemy away from the city. However, the Reds did not have the strength to win a decisive victory. Wrangel's army went several miles and entrenched on the River Chervlenaya, where, within a week and a half, it was preparing for a new attack.

At this time, the forces of the Volunteer Army increased markedly. The bridges and the railway were restored, 5 armored trains arrived, the First Tank Division (it was removed from the Kharkov direction), armored cars, aviation. To help Wrangel, the newly formed 7th Infantry Division of General Bredov (the former Timanovsky brigade exported from Romania) was transferred from Rostov. The transfer of additional forces was concealed from the enemy. Therefore, a new powerful blow was unexpected for the Reds. On June 16 (29), 1919, the Caucasian army again began the assault on Tsaritsyno’s positions. Tanks, armored cars and armored trains broke through the defenses of the Reds. After them, infantry and cavalry entered the breakthrough. The first position was taken. However, the Red Army fought stubbornly in second position, near the city itself. Only on June 17 (30) did the troops of the Ulagai group break into the city from the south, and Tsaritsyn bypassed the corps of Pokrovsky and Shatilov in the west. The remains of the defeated 10th Red Army retreated up the Volga, pursued by the Kuban. The fact of the loss of the white commanding staff speaks about the degree of fierce battle for Tsaritsyn: 5 heads of divisions, 2 brigade commanders and 11 regiment commanders were killed.

Thus, Denikin's army won an important victory on the right flank. 10-I red army suffered a heavy defeat in the battle for Tsaritsyn. The Whites took Tsaritsyn, a large number of prisoners, the artillery of the Tsaritsyn fortified area, large reserves of the Volga base of the Red Army became their trophies. The White Army cut the Volga route and got the opportunity to develop an offensive upriver on the Saratov.

Only in one direction did Denikin’s army fail. Directed from the North Caucasus to Astrakhan by General Erdely 5-thousand a detachment that moved in two columns — from the Holy Cross by the steppe and from Kizlyar by the sea, did not fulfill its task. This was due to a number of factors: the instability of the Caucasian formations, the desertness of the theater and the lack of developed communications, the inability to establish a normal supply and uprisings in the rear (in Chechnya and Dagestan). In addition, until the end of June, the British slowed down the transfer of the Caspian flotilla, and weak white naval forces could not support the advance of ground forces, protect the coastal flank from a strong red Volga-Caspian flotilla.

As a result, in the middle of June, white troops were in 50 versts from Astrakhan, but then they were pushed aside. The attack on Astrakhan failed after the capture of Tsaritsyn. The units formed in the Caucasus were unreliable, and the operation stopped.

Agitation photo of an armored train of the Armed Forces of the South of Russia "United Russia", Tsaritsyn direction. Image negative

Moscow directive

Thus, by the end of June - the beginning of July 1919, the troops of the VYVYR, inflicting a heavy defeat on the forces of the Southern Front of the Red Army, reached the Kherson-Ekaterinoslav-Belgorod-Balashov-Tsaritsyn line, and rested their flanks on the Dnieper and Volga.

18 June (1 July) 1919. Wrangell arrived in Tsaritsyn. June 20 (July 3) the Commander-in-Chief of the All-Union Armed Forces Denikin arrived in the city. He announced the famous “Moscow Directive”, the plan of the White Army’s strategic offensive with the aim of taking the heart of Russia - Moscow. The Wrangel Caucasian Army was supposed to go to the Saratov-Balashov-Rtishchev front, change the Donts in these areas and develop an offensive on Penza, Arzamas and then on Nizhny Novgorod, Vladimir and Moscow. Wrangel also had to select detachments to join the Ural army and capture the lower part of the Volga. The Don Army Sidorin was supposed to continue the offensive on the Kamyshin and Balashov directions before changing it with the Wrangle men. The rest of the Don troops were to attack on the Voronezh and Yelets axes. The May-May volunteer army received the task of attacking Moscow in the Kursk-Oryol sector. The left flank of the Volunteer Army was to reach the line of the Dnieper and Desna, capture Kiev. On the seaside direction, the troops of General Dobrorolsky (3 Army Corps) were given the task of reaching the Dnieper from Aleksandrovsk to the mouth, then occupying Kherson, Nikolaev and Odessa. The White Black Sea Fleet was supposed to support the advance of the ground forces in the seaside theater.

Thus, Denikin’s army was going to attack Moscow in the shortest possible directions - Kursk and Voronezh, hiding on the left flank with a movement towards the Dnieper, successes in Little Russia. Morally, the White Guards, after winning convincing victories and the collapse of the Southern Red Front, were on the rise. Most of the White Guards dreamed of "going to Moscow", Most of the white commanders, including the commander of the Volunteer Army Mai-Mayevsky, the chief of staff of the Vyvir Romanovsky and commander of the 1-th army corps Kutepov considered this the only right decision.

At the end of June - the first half of July, 1919, the troops of the All-Soviet Union of People for Sport and Industry with new victories. The western flank of the Volunteer Army, dropping the troops of the 13 Red Army and Belenkovich's equestrian group, captured Poltava. In the lower reaches of the Dnieper Corps Dobrorolsky with the support of the Black Sea Fleet and the British cruiser, took the Kinburn Spit and Ochakov, entrenched in the lower part of the Dnieper. On the eastern flank, Wrangel's army, together with the right flank of the Don Army, again defeated the 10 th Red Army, which was trying to launch a counterattack and took Kamyshin on 15 (28) in July. The advanced units of the whites went to distant approaches to Saratov.

In the meantime, the Red Command is taking extraordinary measures to restore the combat capability of the Southern Front. 9 July, the Soviet political leadership proclaimed the slogan: “All to fight Denikin!” Reserves, reinforcements, and parts from other fronts are being transferred to the south. Already in July 1919, the number of troops of the Southern Front was brought to 180 thousand people with 900 guns. Therefore, the further advance of the Denikinians to the north in the second half of July - early August was greatly slowed down and was small.

It is also worth noting that the VSYUR armies had a relatively small number, a small mobilization potential, extended communications, and a vast front with a large number of important directions in order to develop a powerful strategic offensive against Moscow. VSYUR troops attacked in three divergent directions. Denikin’s army did not have the strength to carry out a decisive offensive in every direction. It was difficult to find troops to create a reserve commander in chief. Each transfer of units from one direction to another caused irritation and resentment of the commanders of individual armies. Thus, the commander of the North Caucasus, General Erdeli, expressed dissatisfaction with the direction of the strong Kuban units to the Tsaritsyn sector. He feared rebellions in Chechnya and Dagestan, the collapse of the Terek army, the situation on the border with Georgia was difficult. The commander of the Caucasian Army, Wrangel, demanded that the Volunteer Army strike corps be moved to its front. In his opinion, his army, almost meeting no resistance, went to Moscow. In turn, General May-Mayevsky noted that in the event of the transfer of part of his troops to the Caucasian Army, he would have to leave Yekaterinoslav, or expose the Poltava direction. General Sidorin demanded the transfer of reinforcements primarily to the Don Army. When the whites attacked on the Volga, the command of the Caucasian army wanted to send the 1 of the Don corps to Kamyshin, and the command of the Don army to Balashov, etc. Therefore, quite quickly, White's first enthusiasm went out, and serious problems started on the front lines and in the rear.

The people welcomed Denikin after the capture of Tsaritsyn. June 1919 Source:

Wrangel proposal

At this time, the dispute began again in the command of the White Army over the strategy, the main direction of the offensive. Earlier, Wrangel and his chief of staff, Yuzefovich, had already proposed to direct their main efforts to the eastern flank of the VSYUR, to break through towards the army of Kolchak. However, at that time their proposal was turned away by the commander-in-chief, Denikin, and his chief of staff, Romanovsky.

In fact, Wrangel's headquarters led an internal political struggle with Denikin. Wrangel wanted to show the superiority of his strategic and tactical plans, to lay the blame for the failures at the headquarters of the Vyvir headed by Romanovsky and personally at Denikin. In a series of telegrams for May-August 1919 and a letter from 28 in July, Baron Wrangel threw heavy accusations against Denikin. This intrigue was supported by the British, the political opposition and after the failure of the march on Moscow, Denikin could be removed from the post of commander in chief.

Wrangel and Yuzefovich proposed to form an equestrian group for an offensive on the shortest routes to Moscow - Kursk and Voronezh. She was to be headed by Wrangell. To this end, it was proposed to remove from the Caucasian army 3,5 cavalry divisions. Denikin, fearing that such a weakening of the Caucasian army would lead to a successful counteroffensive by the Reds on the Volga and the fall of Tsaritsyn, after which the enemy would again threaten VJ communications in the Rostov direction, rejected this proposal. Indeed, the Red Army will soon concentrate on the Volga direction a strike force and in August attack the Caucasian army and the right flank of the Don. Wrangel's army will have to leave Kamyshin and retreat to Tsaritsyn.

Wrangel blamed the supreme command for weakening the Caucasian army (although he himself proposed to withdraw horsebred divisions from it to attack Moscow) when the 7 division, 2-th Terskian Plastun Brigade and other units were transferred to the Volunteer Army. In return, Wrangel was given several mountain and non-regimental regiments from the Caucasus. The commander of the Caucasian army accused Denikin of suspending the Astrakhan operation he had begun, which allowed him to use the white Caspian flotilla on the Volga, strike at Saratov and Samara, join the Ural Cossack army, which led to the collapse of the southern flank of the Red Front and supported the Kolchak army. Although Kolchak himself planned to begin this operation only after the completion of Kamyshinsky, with the creation of the Balashov-Volga front. In addition, Wrangel complained about the poor supply of troops, the secondary importance of the material support of the Caucasian army compared with the Volunteer.

Thus, Wrangel’s claims were linked to his political ambitions. His ideas were contradictory: at first, he suggested concentrating all his forces on the Tsaritsin area (in the spring); then throw the Volga direction and direct the cavalry of the Caucasian army to Kharkov-Kursk; then he complains that his army is weakened by the fact that the Don Corps of Mamontov was transferred to the left bank of the Volga. At the same time, Denikin’s forces could no longer help Kolchak’s army, it was defeated as early as April-May 1919 and began a non-stop retreat to the East. And the Ural army was isolated, was 300 versts from Wrangel and had no task to break through to the Volga. In general, if Wrangel’s proposals were accepted, the White Army would still be defeated, perhaps even faster than in reality.

Map source:
Articles from this series:
Smoot. 1919 year

How the British created the Armed Forces of the South of Russia
How to restore Soviet power in Ukraine
How Petliurists led Little Russia to a complete catastrophe
How defeated Petliurism
Give the boundaries of 1772 of the year!
Battle for the North Caucasus. How to suppress the Terek Uprising
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 2. December battle
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 3. The January accident of the 11 Army
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 4. How the 11 army died
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 5. Capture of Kizlyar and the Terrible
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 6. Furious assault of Vladikavkaz
How Georgia tried to seize Sochi
How the Whites crushed the Georgian invaders
The war of February and October as a confrontation between two civilization projects
How did the "Flight to the Volga"
How Kolchak's army broke through to the Volga
Catastrophe of the Don Cossacks
Verkhniyon uprising
How "Great Finland" planned to seize Petrograd
"All to fight with Kolchak!"
Frunze. Red Napoleon
The missed opportunities of the army of Kolchak
May offensive of the Northern Corps
How white broke through to Petrograd
Battle for the South of Russia
Strategic change on the southern front. Manych operation
Crimea on fire Russian distemper
Crimea in 1918-1919. Intervents, local authorities and whites
How did the uprising of ataman Grigoriev
Nikifor Grigoriev, "ataman of the rebel forces of Kherson region, Zaporizhia and Tavria"
Odessa operation ataman Grigoriev
Uprising in the Ukraine. How failed the “Blitzkrieg” of Grigorievka
Ufa operation. How were defeated the best parts of the army of Kolchak
Moscow campaign army Denikin

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  1. Evil echo
    Evil echo 10 July 2019 08: 15
    Thank you, interesting article.
  2. Albatroz
    Albatroz 10 July 2019 08: 50
    The Moscow directive is a major error in the command of the VSYUR.
    Wrangel was right
  3. Same lech
    Same lech 10 July 2019 09: 58
    Even if Wrangel were right, the White movement still had little chance of defeating the Reds ... for objective reasons.
    1. The main industrial centers of Russia were in the hands of the Bolsheviks, which means that the technical base of the Red Army had good support for the supply of weapons and ammunition ... the White Guards received weapons extremely unstable and in small quantities ... The West, as always, was interested in the Russians exterminating themselves as can be longer and longer.
    2. The people of Russia in the overwhelming mass supported the Soviet power by believing the promises of the Bolsheviks ... the slogan Power to the Soviets, land to the peasants, workers' factories an effective slogan and what could the White Guards offer? ... returning landowners and bourgeois to the neck of workers and peasants is not an actual slogan at times.
    3. The white movement was heterogeneous and fragmented and could not act as a united front against the Communists, and Lenin, using this, organized the rout of the White Guards in parts ... Denikin, Kolchak, Wrangel ... the Red Army defeated them all one by one ... one by one.

    White Army, Black Baron
    They’re preparing the royal throne for us again
    But from the taiga to the British seas
    The Red Army is the strongest.
    So let the Red
    Compresses powerfully
    Your bayonet with a calloused hand
    And we all must
    Go to the last mortal battle!
    Red Army, march forward!
    The Revolutionary Council is calling us into battle.
    After all, from the taiga to the British seas
    The Red Army is all stronger!
  4. Aquilifer
    Aquilifer 10 July 2019 11: 00
    A century of success and fleeting hope for a quick and final victory.

    Hello mother! Now a respite.
    How beautiful is the autumn dawn ...
    Everybody calls me a boy
    for my twenty pony tail.

    You know mom! I miss Nastya.
    Sister will be the bride soon.
    May God give her health and happiness!
    And let fate be good to her.

    Remember Mom! Father before death
    He repeated: Forget about peace!
    And now in this evil twirl
    Everyone chose their own path.

    Believe me Mom! We will meet soon.
    This day I see in reality.
    Break the Bolshevik pack!
    Us Denikin leads to Moscow.

    (From a letter from Private Volunteer Army Alexei Trofimov to his mother).

    PS Surname of the lieutenant general - Momаntov. He distorted her trams, whose name I don’t want to remember.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 10 July 2019 11: 02
    difficult was the situation on the border with Georgia
    ... Well, it was difficult there? .. There "their own" were sitting .. The leaders of the February revolution, and some of the Provisional Government were included, oh my God, even members of the Constituent Assembly, which the evil Bolsheviks dispersed. And all as one ardent opponents of Soviet power They took it and united in the struggle against the Bolsheviks ... laughing
    1. Sugar Honeyovich
      Sugar Honeyovich 10 July 2019 14: 35
      Quote: parusnik
      And all as one ardent opponents of the Soviet regime. They took, but united in the fight against the Bolsheviks ..

      But in fact:
      "Instead of uniting all the forces that set themselves the goal of fighting Bolshevism and the commune and pursuing one policy," Russian "outside of any parties, a" volunteer "policy was pursued, some kind of private policy, whose leaders saw in everything that was not worn we fought with the Bolsheviks, fought both the Ukrainians and Georgia and Azerbaijan, and only a little was not enough to start fighting the Cossacks, who made up half of our army and soldered the connection with their blood on the battlefields As a result, having proclaimed a single, great and indivisible Russia, they came to the conclusion that they divided all the anti-Bolshevik Russian forces and divided the whole of Russia into a number of warring entities. " (P.N. Wrangel).
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 10 July 2019 15: 51
      Quote: parusnik
      Well, it was difficult there? .. There "their own" were sitting .. The leaders of the February revolution, and some of the Provisional Government were included, and oh my God, even members of the Constituent Assembly, which the evil Bolsheviks dispersed. And all as one ardent opponents of Soviet power. yes united in the fight against the Bolsheviks ...

      In Georgia, there were the same "friends" as in Finland. smile
      The strength of the Reds was that their opponents were fragmented. While Kolchak, Denikin and Yudenich tried to fight the Reds, their formal allies - Cossacks, Finns, Georgians, Armenians and others built their small states. And they wanted to spit on the fact that in the event of a white defeat, the red skating rink could go over them.
      Moreover, these nationalists actively interfered with whites in their struggle. About Krasnov’s sabotage and attempts to use the white movement to solve Don’s problems exclusively, Denikin wrote well. Mannerheim (tsarist general, white bone) for his participation in the assault on Petrograd requested so many territories of the Empire for the Finnish region that Yudenich spat on an alliance with the Finns. Georgians generally began to seize the lands of the Empire on the Caucasus coast - and Denikin had to divert his forces in order to drive them out of Tuapse.

      An unforgettable scene with a fight under "God Save the Tsar" from "New Adventures of the Elusive", although in a grotesque form, nevertheless very accurately illustrates unity of white movement.
      1. Kronos
        Kronos 10 July 2019 18: 06
        Yes, all of them were white guardians for their pocket and power
      2. Ryazan87
        Ryazan87 10 July 2019 20: 00
        So, after all, not all opponents of the Bolsheviks belonged to the white movement. The same Georgians, what kind of whites are they? Or Petliurists.
  6. Ryazan87
    Ryazan87 10 July 2019 19: 57
    Oh, Samsonov))
    The fact of the loss of the white commanding staff speaks about the degree of fierce battle for Tsaritsyn: 5 heads of divisions, 2 brigade commanders and 11 regiment commanders died.

    And Aunt Vicki suddenly (actually not, not suddenly):

    copy-paste must be done carefully)
  7. solovyov-igor
    solovyov-igor 24 July 2019 17: 44
    One example. In the summer of 1919, the white leader Denikin, having led an offensive against Moscow, did not take it.
    For a trivial reason: the Cossack cavalry of Mamontov, marching to the tip of the blow, robbed the local Russian population, like the Polovtsy or the Pechenegs, during a raid.
    The Cossacks were so laden with the loot that they turned back to their villages in the North Caucasus and the Don.
    Their convoy stretched for 60 miles. Almost a third of the Cossacks returned back to duty. The chance to expel the Reds from Moscow and create White Russia was lost.
    Do not believe? Read the memoirs of Denikin. They are now sold in bookstores.
    The moment for crushing the reds was the most convenient.
    Denikin shook the reds from the south; Kolchak was in the east.
    At that moment, 15 to 20 thousand Cossacks from the south could become a straw, which would give White victory.
    To Moscow there were 300 miles. The capture of the city passed into the hands of whites the most important junction of the railways. The Soviet republic further fell apart, its remnants perished from hunger.
    But this "straw" did not happen. Cossack regiments did not come.