Military Review

Russia can increase its share of the global armored car market in case of proper support from domestic manufacturers.


For the exhibition Oboronexpo-2012, TSAMTO publishes an analysis of the global market for new armored vehicles in 2008-2011. and forecast for the upcoming 4 of the year (2012-2015).

For domestic manufacturers, this dynamically growing segment is of great interest, since Russia is just beginning to “make its way” into this market. So far, Russia's presence in this segment of the world market (as opposed to the categories of MBT and armored combat vehicles) is very modest. By period 2008-2015 TsAMTO estimates Russia's share in this market segment in 2% by quantity parameter and 0,6% by value supply volume.

According to TSAMTO, in the upcoming 4-year period (2012-2015) the volume of export sales of new armored vehicles on the world market will be at least 8834 units. in the amount of 4,16 billion dollars in the case of meeting delivery schedules for current contracts, stated intentions and tenders.

This figure is summarized over the 2012-2015 period. it will be significantly higher, since TSAMTO cites statistics on the current global order book for the current moment, and the armored car market is different in that the period from the moment of the conclusion of the contract to the actual supply (due to the specificity of manufacturing) is quite small. However, the result for the 2012-2015 period. Expected lower than 2008-2011. First of all, this is due to the possible temporary glut of the market due to the US intention to sell or "transfer" to a number of countries of the Middle East and Central Asian regions a significant part of the armored vehicles in service with the US military contingent after the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan. Nevertheless, even if the United States implements these plans, the market glut factor will be short-term and will affect the decline in global demand for new armored cars only for 2-3 years. In general, for the future, this segment will be the most dynamically developing among all categories of armored vehicles.

According to TSAMTO, in the past 4-year period (2008-2011) the world has been exported or manufactured under a license of at least 21960 new armored vehicles in the amount of 9,5 billion dollars.

In total, 22900 armored vehicles worth 9,57 billion were exported during this period. At the same time, sales of new armored vehicles accounted for 95,9% of the total number or 99,3% of the value of global shipments.

Large shipments to 2008-2011. This was due, among other things, to the transfer of surplus equipment from the US military contingent formed by the armed forces of Afghanistan and Iraq (in 2012-2015 there will be a similar situation with the mass transfer of surplus equipment to other countries in the region - see above).

According to TSAMTO, the “new” category includes deliveries of new armored vehicles worth at least 0,1 million dollars, licensed programs, as well as deliveries from the Armed Forces of exporting countries upgraded to practically new machines with an extended service life, the price of which is more than 50% of the cost of a new armored vehicle of the same type for the same period of time.

The group of "armored vehicles" ("armored vehicles") is mainly comprised of armored vehicles with the wheel formula 4х4. The same group includes combat reconnaissance vehicles, armored trucks and other vehicles, which cannot be categorized by their weight and size characteristics as “combat armored vehicles”. To the lower limit of the class attributed to the American armored SUV "Hummy".

In the rating below, exporting countries are ranked by the number of armored vehicles supplied and planned for delivery. A number of countries have orders with a deadline outside the period under review (2016 year and beyond). This analysis takes into account only those shipments (including those under long-term contracts) that are planned for the period up to and including 2015.

Top in the ranking of suppliers of new armored vehicles for the period 2008-2015. with a large margin from the competitors is the ideological integrator of the use of machines of this class - the United States (17970 machines worth 5,86 billion dollars). In the first four-year period, 14515 machines were exported to the amount of 4,594 billion dollars, the order book for 2012-2015 was delivered. currently 3455 new machines worth 1,265 billion dollars. Exports in both periods are mostly provided by the supply of armored vehicles to the troops of the coalition countries for use in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Second place South Africa (3281 vehicle worth 2,157 billion) with armored vehicles of the RG family. In 2008-2011 2925 armored vehicles worth 1,945 billion were exported, the order book for 2012-2015 was delivered. while it is 356 armored vehicles for the amount of 212,5 million dollars.

Third Place in the ranking is Italy with armored cars of Iveco (2586 vehicles worth 1,683 billion dollars). In the first four-year period, 910 armored vehicles worth 689 million dollars were shipped for export, a package of orders for 2012-2015. is 1676 new machines in the amount of 994 million dollars (a significant part of this package falls on the supply of commissioned by the Ministry of Defense of Russia).

Fourth place in the ranking of suppliers of new armored vehicles ranked France (665 vehicles worth 443,8 million dollars). In the first four-year period, 65 armored vehicles for the sum of 36,3 million dollars, a package of orders for 2012-2015, were delivered for export. currently 600 is new machines in the amount of 407,5 million dollars.

Fifth place with a large family of products offered in this segment occupies the UK (662 machines worth 318,3 million dollars). In 2008-2011 579 armored vehicles worth 232,9 million were exported. Order portfolio for 2012-2015 while is 83 units. in the amount of 85,4 million dollars. It should be noted that the UK, which actually owns enterprises in the United States and South Africa, is one of the world leaders in the production of armored vehicles, but TSAMTO, according to the accepted methodology, refers the export of products to the country in which the product was developed and manufactured.

Sixth place Russia occupies mainly with the Tiger armored car (654 vehicles worth 80,3 million dollars). In the first four-year period, 204 armored vehicles worth 26,3 million were exported, the projected supply volume for 2012-2015 was. can be up to 450 new machines in the amount of 54 million dollars in the case of the implementation of agreements with China, which is currently the largest customer of Tiger armored cars.

Seventh place in the ranking is Switzerland (636 machines in the amount of 448,2 million dollars). The basis for sales of Swiss armored vehicles was achieved by supplying EU-made Duro-3 and Eagle-4 models to the Movag company. In the first four-year period, 496 armored vehicles were exported for the sum of 329,7 million dollars, for 2012-2015. package orders is 140 new machines in the amount of 118,5 million dollars.

Eighth place occupies Germany (500 machines in the amount of 587,2 million dollars) mainly with armored vehicles "Dingo-2" and "Fennec." All deliveries were made in the first four-year period.

Ninth place with armored vehicles “Cobra” is occupied by Turkey (348 vehicles worth 155,9 million dollars). In the first four-year period, 333 armored vehicles for the sum of 143,4 million dollars were exported, for 2012-2015. the current order of orders is 15 of new machines worth 12,5 million dollars.

Tenth place in the ranking is Sweden (283 machines worth 366,5 million dollars). The basis of the sales volume of the Swedish articulated armored vehicles BvS-10 and Bv-206S is provided by supplies to EU countries. In the first four-year period, 245 armored vehicles for the sum of 273,2 million dollars were exported, for 2012-2015. package of orders is 38 units. in the amount of 93,2 million dollars.

Places from 11-th to 21-th in the ranking are China, Israel, Spain, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Austria, Poland, Belgium, Australia, Indonesia and Brazil.

It should be noted that in the “tender” category, the results of which have not yet been announced, in the reporting period (2012-2015) the volume of deliveries (in case of compliance with the stated schedules) is expected in the amount of 1952 units. worth about 864 million dollars, which may to some extent affect the position in the ranking of the world's leading exporters of armored vehicles.

Fully report on the global market for new armored vehicles for the period 2008-2015. will be published in the World Trade weapons»No. 6.

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  1. vadimus
    vadimus 3 July 2012 09: 02
    We are rich in ideas, as usual, and production always rests against a wall of red tape and bureaucracy.
    1. Kars
      Kars 3 July 2012 10: 20
      Quote: vadimus
      wall of red tape and bureaucracy

      Kickbacks must be brought under the raster article.

      And an important marketing factor will be - if the top military officials begin to open their mittens less, and at international exhibitions to voice the intention of buying imported equipment.
      1. Priboi
        Priboi 3 July 2012 18: 35
        Quote: Kars
        Kickbacks must be brought under the raster article.

        I completely agree with you, in this aspect of the law, you need to take an example from China. angry
        1. cth; fyn
          cth; fyn 3 July 2012 18: 56
          nevertheless, it is impossible without adequate criticism, as the first tigers had protection against mines much lower than IVECO. after criticism was received on this subject, an BA wolf appeared, in which mine protection is already higher than that of IVECO.
          1. Pimply
            Pimply 4 July 2012 00: 14
            The wolf is still a prototype, not a serial model.
  2. 750
    750 3 July 2012 09: 37
    It turns out that the Swiss can deliver at each intersection by car. Do we have 0,1 cars per city? At a price of 4,125 million per car. Yes, and civilian versions of the tiger are not normal money. Not cheaper to recapture old armored personnel carriers? On, from storage for 8-wheeled armored personnel carriers, they ask 0,6-1 million. Overhaul is about the same. So thinking out loud.
    1. 5aa1
      5aa1 3 July 2012 13: 26
      Yes civilian versions of the tiger are not good money.

      The sixth place is occupied by Russia mainly with the armored car "Tiger" (654 cars worth 80,3 million dollars)

      Sweden takes the tenth place in the ranking (283 cars worth 366,5 million dollars).

      funny. and who here claimed that "Tiger" is too expensive?
      1. kapitan_21
        kapitan_21 3 July 2012 14: 12
        This was stated by those who very much wanted to buy armored vehicles "Lynx" from Iveco. As I understand it, we figured out the prices for the "Tiger" and they suit us, as well as the car as a whole! Yes, here "Lynx" from Iveco is already in the army! )))
  3. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 3 July 2012 09: 50
    An interesting article with good analytics. Our "tigers" are absolutely not inferior to imported counterparts. But it is necessary to resolve the issues of high-speed automobile diesel engines. And I agree with the 750th civilian versions need to be released. And to stimulate exports.
    1. kuzmich
      kuzmich 3 July 2012 10: 39
      since 2010 tigers have been selling, only there is no armor and the price tag is not humane smile In general, I think that with our promising projects, they crush something like that, they made a great tiger car, why the hell is this lynx ??????
  4. wk
    wk 3 July 2012 10: 17
    if the Russian army refuses to purchase domestic armored vehicles - in particular, the T90 BTR-3m and BMD-4m, then what kind of progress can be discussed?
    widely rejected in all media outlets - there seems to be no better anti-advertising!
  5. denkastro
    denkastro 3 July 2012 22: 28
    Our whole problem is in diesels. We can’t even do a worthy UAZ ourselves. But work is underway on this topic. As long as the YaMZ accepts its efforts (God grant him success), the powers that be are insured and build factories and kamens iveko in our territory. With sufficient localization these are already our plants.

    Now the important thing: yes, Iveco has a crew of 5 people. And even 4 if the raids are long. At the same time, the carrying capacity of the machine is 3 tons. THREE TONS. And this is with the armor protection of the 3 classes STANAG (and 6a according to GOST).

    To make it clear - the vaunted GAZ Army Tiger has only 3 classes of protection in accordance with GOST. And the payload is much lower. Although the army version of the Tiger-M can accommodate as many as 9 people.

    The trick here is this: Iveco’s complex ceramic armor only has a fairly compact crew capsule closed (plus optional small armor plates on the motor from the sides). At the back, a voluminous cargo compartment (for fuel, ammunition, equipment) is unarmored.

    Any specialist in armored vehicles will tell you that it is impossible to close a large volume with strong protection and at the same time maintain a moderate weight of the vehicle and its carrying capacity. Therefore, the rant that the military supposedly ordered the Tiger-M 3rd class of protection in accordance with GOST and therefore received this - this is demagogy. It’s IMPOSSIBLE to get a 6a armor protection class (like Iveco’s) of a compartment for 9 people while maintaining a reasonable weight and dimensions of the machine - and even more so when using low-tech steel armor, like the Tiger.

    There is a 7-seater version of the Tiger for the police, which has a 5th class of protection according to GOST - and not even everywhere, but only from some angles. This machine has a payload capacity close to zero (7 people takes with a minimum of equipment) and is practically helpless off paved roads. The military very quickly realized that they did not need such an "asphalt armored car".

    Iveco with protection 6a, of course, has a slightly lower passability than Tiger with protection 3. But this, excuse me, is a completely different machine - protection class 3 according to GOST breaks even with an AKM automatic bullet.

    Strictly speaking, the 3rd class of GOST - must withstand the following ammunition:
    5,45x39 mm general-purpose cartridge (GRAU index - 7N6), PS bullet with a steel non-heat-strengthened core.
    General purpose cartridge 7,62x39 mm (GRAU index - 57-N-231), PS bullet with a steel non-heat-strengthened core
    The problem, however, is that these cartridges are long outdated and already at the end of the 80s replaced with cartridges with heat-strengthened cores. Which easily pass the protection of class 3 even from considerable distances, especially 7,62.

    But there is also a cartridge with increased penetration of 5,45x39 mm 6H10.

    In general, even a simple army bulletproof vest 6BZTM of the 1984 model has 4 protection classes according to GOST. 3rd grade is about nothing, it is protection in essence from army pistols.

    In fact, only class 5 provides protection from the army rifle. It can withstand the following cartridges:
    7,62x39 mm cartridge (GRAU index 57-N-231), a PS bullet with a steel heat-strengthened core weighing 7,9 g, fired from an AKM machine gun and flying at a speed of 725 m / s (on average).
    7,62 mm rifle cartridge 57-N-323C with an ordinary LPS bullet weighing 9,6 g with a steel non-heat-strengthened core flying from an SVD barrel at a speed of about 830 m / s.
    Note - even he holds SVD and RMB only with an ordinary bullet, not armor-piercing. And even the AKM with armor-piercing incendiary bullets cartridge 7,62x39 (GRAU index 57-BZ-231), he does not hold (thank God that such cartridges are quite rare).

    But class 6a is the latest in the table of Russian GOST classification of personal protective equipment. It is he who is provided by Iveco LMV, and he alone should not be pierced by an armor-piercing incendiary bullet B-32 of a cartridge 7,62x54 (GRAU index 7-BZ-3) weighing 10,4 g with sharp steel hardened cores of high-carbon steel flying out of the barrel SVD rifles or PKM machine gun.

    So there you go. Booking Iveco LMV is quite comparable with the army armored personnel carrier. But the Tiger, alas, cannot pull such a reservation.

    Well, that is, in fact, it can - there is such an option, but this is no longer a car. Overweight to complete indecency, barely riding even on asphalt. Everyone understands that a machine under such protection must be redesigned virtually again.
    One of the opinions of some experts. What I led him to. If Lynx will be produced with large localization in our country, then this production will not be superfluous. When the Tigers, Wolves, Bears and Lynxes are produced in the country, now also Scorpions come from the buyer ultimately wins this. I think ours will overseas basins and say their word, but what is very important Italian diesel engines over time and we will begin to produce (not collect but produce) ..
    1. Vulkan raven
      Vulkan raven 4 July 2012 03: 07
      This is not an "expert opinion" but some kind of nonsense. You would have found the source of this opus - in the same place in the comments it was smashed to smithereens:

      Very funny. You kagbe struggle with lies about iveko - and you yourself lie. Well, or this is from your ignorance (which justifies you a little). For example:

      "At the same time, the carrying capacity of the machine is 3 tons. THREE TONS. And this is with armor protection class 3 STANAG (and 6a according to GOST)."

      Nonsense. Iveco LMV Lynx for the Russian army weighs 6200kg empty, and fully loaded - 7100kg. Payload - 900 KG.

      The official plate of Iveco and Rosoboronservis from the exhibition in Tagil (they will collect Lynx at the 172 CARZ in Voronezh):

      "And the carrying capacity is much lower. Although the army version of the Tigr-M can accommodate as many as 9 people."

      As you can see, his load capacity is 300kg higher + 4x people can be transported in the seats. And the high carrying capacity of the Lynx in the unarmored version with the armor removed, which in their right mind would not be allowed into battle or in a dangerous area.

      By the way, the army Tiger with the 3 class was tested in a battle in Chechnya - the case of those flew into the PG cabin. And the machine gunner’s bullets (7.62x54) did not pierce the armor.

      "There is a 7-seater version of the Tiger for the police, which has a 5th class of protection in accordance with GOST - and not even everywhere, but only from some angles."

      There are a lot of mistakes. Firstly, the SPM-2 is also 9 local. And it has the same load capacity as the army STS and SPM-1 - 1200kg. And the protection of the 5 class is foreshortened. Differentiated protection for STS and SPM-1 (you probably read Karden, but you misunderstood) - they have 5 class of frontal projection, and 3 on sides and from the stern.

      In order not to be unfounded - the SPM-2 plate:

      "and practically helpless off paved roads."

      They lied. Does this mean not off-paved roads?

      "The military very quickly realized that they did not need such an" asphalt armored car "
      The military operate special vehicles (control, satellite communications, etc.) and KShM based on SPM-2 (more precisely, the special modification of the R-149BMA, but it is made on the basis of SPM-2 and has a 5th class of protection), they plan to purchase special vehicles from the Morpheus air defense system and SPTRK "Kornet-D" - also based on SPM-2.

      Photos of army vehicles based on SPM-2:

      Incidentally, the Lynx manufacturers on TVM-2012 have already admitted that even the engine with the chassis will not be localized - only the body (frame made of pipes with panels). Watch the video on the RIA News dedicated to the Lynx.
  6. ZUI
    ZUI 4 July 2012 01: 29
    From reading the article, the template breaks - it seems that everything is fine and fine with us, only for us to buy the notorious willow lynx for Kukui, and demonstrate them on Red Square - for the first time in 94 years on the main square of the country in a ceremonial formation. The last time in 1918 was a Renault tank assembled by our workers.
  7. Honory
    Honory April 7 2015 12: 23
    Yes, the market is huge, mainly due to any poor countries that can’t afford to buy tanks or infantry fighting vehicles. A very promising area for the defense industry.