Military Review

Genetic passport of a soldier. Why is it needed?

38
6-8 June was held St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF). Not only business and industry representatives, but also the scientific community, including representatives of the Russian Academy of Sciences, took an active part in the forum. Within the framework of the forum and before it began, a large number of events and round tables devoted to scientific issues took place. One of the projects that was discussed in St. Petersburg was the soldier’s genetic passport. This is a very interesting and promising project that can affect the appearance of the Russian armed forces in the near future or still can not?




Genetic passport for military


On the eve of the SPIEF forum in St. Petersburg, a working meeting of representatives of the Russian Academy of Sciences with employees of the Military Medical Academy (VMA) took place. During the meeting, they discussed such an important and interesting project for ordinary people as the creation of a genetic passport for a serviceman. According to the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeev, this is a fundamental, far-reaching project. The main task of the project is to identify those genetic predispositions in military personnel that will help in the future to correctly select a person's military specialty. The task of scientists is to identify the advantages of each specific soldier based on genetic predisposition in order to maximize the use of a person's potential. Alexander Sergeev noted that Russian military medicine has already achieved significant success in this area and is able to raise the bar for research in the future. According to Sergeev, we are talking about how, on the basis of genetic information, to learn to determine which of the servicemen is more predisposed to service in the paratroopers. tank troops or sailor.

According to the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the project is not only to assess the physiological state of a person, but also to work on predicting the behavior of people in the event of dangerous, stressful situations that are directly related to the profession of a military man. The ability to ignore stressful situations, stability, performance, and the ability to perform mental and physical operations under stress can all end up in the long term into a soldier’s genetic passport. In the future, the results of the research, as is often the case, can be applied in the civil sphere.


RAS President Alexander Sergeev


Speaking about the selection of a person for paratroopers or tankers, Alexander Sergeev noted that modern society has become accustomed to the presence of genetic passports from professional athletes. These passports allow you to determine who can shoot better, who can run and for what distances. With regard to the military, we also need to figure out which military specialty is best to choose one or another candidate. Currently, work in this direction is carried out in Anapa on the basis of the military innovation technopolis "Era". At the same time, researchers proceed from the assumption that in the future the military operations will be conducted in a completely different way than is happening today. Not so long ago, any soldier had to cope with stressful situations that inevitably arose during the bombing or heavy shelling, but very soon in the conditions of a real cyberwar, when soldiers can control the drone, being at a great distance from the theater of military operations, stressful situations and The effect of stress on a person will be different, the head of the RAS noted. The wars of the future will be wars of intellects; those who make decisions will be responsible for their outcome. That is why in the military innovation technopolis “Era” they are working on the study of the human genetic nature and people's predisposition to stress, as well as possible options for changing stressful situations in the future.

What do genetics themselves think about a genetic passport for the military?


"Komsomolskaya Pravda" appealed for comments to the general director of the company Genotek Valery Ilyinsky. According to him, a genetic passport is primarily useful for identifying and timely prevention of various diseases. At the same time, no genetic information will help the military enlistment offices identify the “super-soldier”. According to Ilyinsky, the only use of genetic passports in the army may be to identify the risks of various diseases. This information will help to send a conscript to the branch of the military where the risk of developing the identified diseases will be minimal and will not lead to fatal consequences for himself and the people around him. A simple example for pilots is that they do not have the risk of developing a stroke or a heart attack, since the lives of a large number of other people often depend on their health, but if you serve on earth, such a risk will no longer pose a great danger to others. In addition, the genetic passport is very important in determining the identity of the soldier who was killed during the hostilities, Valery Ilyinsky noted.

The editors of the popular science publication N + 1 decided to interview Russian geneticists and find out from them whether the genetic passport and the collected genetic information would help the Russian military enlistment offices, whether there are genes of a sailor or a fighter of a construction bat in nature. Another important question answered by Russian genetics is whether genetic studies can help in determining a person’s inclination, in our particular case of a draftee, for a particular military (civilian) profession, to reveal its stress resistance.



According to Oleg Balanovsky, a professor at the Russian Academy of Sciences, who is the head of the genography laboratory, the idea of ​​using genetics to guide a person’s career did not come in today or yesterday, it’s been around for a long time, but the possibility of translating the voiced information into practice is not obvious. The real examples of the work of genetics include modern sports research, which precisely help to determine the stayer or sprinter is a person. At the same time, according to Balanovsky, even proposals that are based on genetic control of simple features, well studied and obviously important for the choice of profession, face a problem that humanity can not solve in the foreseeable future. This is the problem of predicting the phenotype of a person according to his genotype. The phenotype is based on the genotype, but is a combination of internal and external features, traits and properties of the body, which are acquired by man in the course of individual development. According to Balanovsky, even having information about the human genome in his hands, it is impossible to predict his somatic, and all the more psychological signs. This works for averaged samples, but not when considering each individual person. That is why for the vocational guidance of a person, the necessary signs are much safer, easier and cheaper to measure on the recruit himself than to do a prediction on the genome.

According to Svetlana Borinskaya, who is the head of the genome analysis laboratory at the Institute of General Genetics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, there are several problems with the genetic passport of military personnel. To begin with, it is necessary to determine whether there are genetic differences between a sailor and a tankman in something other than weight and height (these data can be quickly and easily obtained without a genetic passport). In his statement, the President of the RAS spoke about stress tolerance. This statement raises two questions: to psychologists - are there differences in stress resistance among seamen and tankers; geneticists - are genetic differences at the heart of differences, or are these differences the result of training and education of a person? Indeed, there is also a genetic component in one's resistance to stress (one of the three), but it accounts for only a small contribution to the overall stress tolerance of the individual. Much more important for the formation of stress resistance has a vital история each individual person. Of great importance is the stress that a person endured in the course of his life and whether they left their mark on him. The third component of stress tolerance is the ability to deal with stress and a stressful state, but this is the result of targeted education and training.



Genetic passport for civilian use


In March, 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree creating genetic passports. It is planned that such documents, which are adopted for ensuring biological and chemical safety, may appear in our country before the 2025 year. Rejecting the very possibility of obtaining genetic passports for all Russians before 2025, one can single out the main utilitarian aspects of using such passports that can be used not only by the military, but also by ordinary citizens in Russia and other countries of the world. By the way, Russian geneticists believe that it’s realistic to prepare genetic passports for all Russians in five years, but it would be worth starting work in this direction only yesterday.

According to experts, a genetic passport, which will be compiled for each citizen of the country, can help in solving a large number of tasks. Among them, there are: forecasting the risk of developing serious, life-threatening diseases and searching for people who have committed certain crimes, a passport can also help develop the screening technology of human gene pools. A genetic passport can be useful for the formation of a person’s career guidance, for example, today a genetic passport is in demand in sports, it can also help in identifying any talents.

There may be several appointments for a person’s genetic passport. The first and most obvious one is identification of the person to identify the bodies of those killed in accidents and catastrophes (in fact, it is very important today for military personnel, very often to establish the identity of the person killed during the hostilities, a genetic examination is required), also to search for people who have committed various crimes.



The second option for the use of genetic passports is the prediction of inherited diseases (mainly rare), the planning of children. In the modern world, a couple, even before marriage, can conduct a screening survey, which will help determine the risk of having a child with these or other inherited diseases. In the event that the risk of a hereditary disease is high, a couple may be advised to have a prenatal selection of germ cells, which will help ensure the birth of a healthy baby. However, in some cases, all cells can have a mutation, in which case the probability of having a child with a hereditary disease will be 100 percent. Then only gene therapy will be able to help future parents, but scientists believe that this service will be available to the inhabitants of our planet not earlier than in 15-20 years. So far this is only a promising genetic technology.

The third direction of the use of genetic passports is the prevention of the development of any pathologies and diseases and the development of individual measures aimed at their prevention. In addition, the passport will help doctors determine which drugs the patient responds best to, which dosages are indicated to him and will not harm health. Experts believe that this is the most important of all the tasks that the state has set itself, which is interested in healthy and efficient people. A healthy worker is the basis of the state, the same taxes and the absence of hospital and other social benefits. Ideally, a genetic passport should help to increase life expectancy (more people live to retirement), reduce the risk of spreading diseases, and improve the quality of human life.
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  1. siberalt
    siberalt 13 June 2019 05: 07
    +7
    First of all, such passports are needed by candidates for deputies and members of the government of the Russian Federation before taking their posts. winked
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 13 June 2019 05: 36
      +3
      Is this a very interesting and promising project that can affect the image of the Russian armed forces in the near future, or still cannot?
      will the army be more combat-ready? ships added?
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 13 June 2019 05: 45
        -1
        Quote: Aerodrome
        ships added?

        Will be added healthy military personnel on these ships
        Separate flies from cutlets.
        About ships on an adjacent branch
        1. Aerodrome
          Aerodrome 13 June 2019 05: 50
          +2
          Quote: Lipchanin
          Quote: Aerodrome
          ships added?

          Will be added healthy military personnel on these ships

          bullshit ... and now, before, sick and wretched people were taken to the fleet? laughing my younger one was eager for the fleet, so he barely climbed with his 168 and 60 kg ... but he returned already 170 and 68 wink and was on the "box" almost the smallest.
          1. Lipchanin
            Lipchanin 13 June 2019 06: 12
            -1
            So in the courtyard of the 21st century.
            According to experts, a genetic passport, which will be compiled for each citizen of the country, can help in solving a large number of problems. Among them are: forecasting the risk of developing serious, life-threatening diseases and the search for people who have committed certain crimes, also a passport can help in the development of technology for screening human gene pools. A genetic passport can come in handy for the formation of career guidance of a person,

            This is for you "before, the sick and the poor were taken to the fleet?"
            1. Aerodrome
              Aerodrome 13 June 2019 06: 19
              +2
              Quote: Lipchanin
              So in the courtyard of the 21st century.
              According to experts, a genetic passport, which will be compiled for each citizen of the country, can help in solving a large number of problems. Among them are: forecasting the risk of developing serious, life-threatening diseases and the search for people who have committed certain crimes, also a passport can help in the development of technology for screening human gene pools. A genetic passport can come in handy for the formation of career guidance of a person,

              This is for you "before, the sick and the poor were taken to the fleet?"

              you do not seem to care what to support, as long as it goes "from above"! and it doesn't matter that a person has his own desire - here: "genetics", she said that you are a "sapper submariner" and your dreams, opportunities and desires, shove yourself ... deeper! and it doesn't matter that you have 10 parachute jumps, they said in the bread cutter, it means in the bread cutter! do you understand that you are talking nonsense? the only thing I agree with is when, unfortunately, "in the stuffing", then it will be possible to identify. no more. the rest is from the "evil one".
              1. Lipchanin
                Lipchanin 13 June 2019 06: 24
                -2
                Quote: Aerodrome
                you do not seem to care what to support, as long as it goes "from above"!

                I support it with arms and legs.
                . Experts believe that this is the most important of all the tasks that the state sets itself, which is interested in healthy and efficient people. A healthy worker is the foundation of the state, the same taxes and the absence of hospital and other social benefits. Ideally, a genetic passport should help increase life expectancy (more people will survive to retirement), reducing the risk of the spread of diseases, improving the quality of human life.

                "genetics", she said you were "sapper submarine"

                Genetics will NEVER say that. She will talk about the physical health of a person
                1. Aerodrome
                  Aerodrome 13 June 2019 06: 28
                  -1
                  Quote: Lipchanin
                  Quote: Aerodrome
                  you do not seem to care what to support, as long as it goes "from above"!

                  I support this with my hands and feet "
                  I see...

                  . Experts believe that this is the most important of all the tasks that the state sets itself, which is interested in healthy and efficient people. A healthy worker is the foundation of the state, the same taxes and the absence of hospital and other social benefits. Ideally, a genetic passport should help increase life expectancy (more people will survive to retirement), reducing the risk of the spread of diseases, improving the quality of human life.

                  "genetics", she said you were "sapper submarine"

                  Genetics will NEVER say that. She will talk about the physical health of a person

                  do not see contradictions in your statements?
                  According to Sergeyev, the point is to learn to determine, on the basis of genetic information, which of the servicemen is more prone to serving in the landing, tank troops or a sailor.
                  1. Lipchanin
                    Lipchanin 13 June 2019 07: 19
                    +2
                    Quote: Aerodrome
                    do not see contradictions in your statements?

                    I repent hi
                    What i got carried away recourse
                    1. Aerodrome
                      Aerodrome 13 June 2019 07: 20
                      0
                      Quote: Lipchanin
                      Quote: Aerodrome
                      do not see contradictions in your statements?

                      I repent hi
                      What i got carried away recourse

                      + for decency. hi
          2. your1970
            your1970 13 June 2019 12: 23
            -1
            Yeah, they didn’t take it ...
            I’m limited for use (- myopia, scoliosis, flat feet - and everything is real, I did not mow or buy) - I directly went to the artillery reconnaissance in the SA
      2. Simargl
        Simargl 14 June 2019 14: 40
        +2
        Quote: Aerodrome
        the army will be more combat-ready
        Yes, calm down you!
        The army here - only as the most disciplined, controlled and managed statistics collector.
        The mighty of this world have long dreamed of the Philosopher's Stone. Data on genetics, among other things, is one of the components of the "Philosopher's Stone": it will provide knowledge and technologies for the qualitative improvement and lengthening of the life of those who are "worthy".
        Now the foundation has been created for the collection and intellectual analysis of information, a little later they will start testing on the plebs, and a little later they will apply it to the (real) -containing power.
        And there will be prosperity in the world: slaves will plow with enthusiasm the strictly allotted time, after which they will turn themselves off and the owners will live for hundreds of years.
    2. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 13 June 2019 06: 14
      +1
      Quote: siberalt
      candidates

      And genetics determines the tendency to kickbacks, bribes, theft, lies and other things that are characteristic of this category of people? request
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 13 June 2019 06: 26
        -1
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        And genetics determines the tendency to kickbacks, bribes, theft, lies and other things that are characteristic of this category of people?

        Nobody will tell you about this.
        A article on physical health.
        Criminality has nothing to do with hereditary diseases and the risks of diseases.
      2. Aerodrome
        Aerodrome 13 June 2019 06: 31
        -1
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        Quote: siberalt
        candidates

        And genetics determines the tendency to kickbacks, bribes, theft, lies and other things that are characteristic of this category of people? request

        my opponent, apparently sure of that. wink
        1. Lipchanin
          Lipchanin 13 June 2019 07: 21
          0
          Quote: Aerodrome
          my opponent, apparently sure of it

          I’m only sure that I won’t take a bribe, I won’t pump it out, I’m not mine, sometimes I’m lying wink laughing
    3. knyf
      knyf 13 June 2019 08: 52
      0
      Exchange for banknotes
    4. Anatoly Smirnov
      Anatoly Smirnov 13 June 2019 13: 39
      0
      I agree with this statement
    5. g1v2
      g1v2 13 June 2019 13: 41
      +1
      Will you measure skulls? So that only racially correct candidates pass? With the genetics you need? In Ukraine, suggest - they like that there.
      But in general, minus the husks, the reason for introducing such a passport is simple. In order to be able to identify by the genetic material of a deceased person who cannot be identified by other means or who has lain in the ground for too long. So that there are no unidentified and unknown soldiers or missing persons, who actually died, but are registered as SOCH.
      Well, to examine a soldier for a predisposition to disease is also not bad. Perhaps some kind of service or climatic zone is contraindicated for the soldier and the medical unit will know this and keep it under control. Useful business. request
  2. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 13 June 2019 05: 25
    +1
    It seems to me a very necessary thing.
    The more we know about human health, the better for everyone.
    But of course it is necessary to close this data from strangers, random people.
    Securely close.
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 13 June 2019 05: 51
      -2
      Quote: Lipchanin
      It seems to me a very necessary thing.
      The more we know about human health, the better for everyone.

      what do you learn about the mental state? and genetic abnormalities, and so pronounced. will genetics tell you about stress tolerance? about the ability to make quick and right decisions? about the ability to lead a division in a critical situation?
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 13 June 2019 06: 20
        0
        Quote: Aerodrome
        will genetics tell you about stress tolerance? about the ability to make quick and right decisions? about the ability to lead a division in a critical situation?

        And does this apply to physical health?

        And what you wrote about is already another area of ​​medicine and it relates to psychology.
        But something can be done already
        Today, a genetic passport is in demand in sports, and he can help identify any talents.

        Well, to backfill
        Experts believe that this is the most important of all the tasks that the state sets itself, which is interested in healthy and efficient people. A healthy worker is the foundation of the state, the same taxes and the absence of hospital and other social benefits. Ideally, a genetic passport should help increase life expectancy (more people will survive to retirement), reduce the risk of the spread of diseases, improving the quality of human life.
  3. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 13 June 2019 06: 13
    0
    not at all the most difficult work at the institute - DNA extraction from a bovine spleen, they were doing 3-4 hours with constant cooling, weighed with an accuracy of 0,0001 grams, volumes were taken with an accuracy of 0,001 ml, centrifuged, filtered, from 8 experiments in the subgroup, only 2 turned out, the DNA turned out to be like a snot (Sorry!)
  4. Obi-Wan Kenobi
    Obi-Wan Kenobi 13 June 2019 07: 17
    +3
    There may be several purposes for a person’s genetic passport.

    Appointments ?! These scientists are bumbling, and very much!
    How they will actually use it - few people still imagine it.
    To have a genetic passport of any person is not just to have his fingerprints or a surveillance camera record. This is a completely different level and completely different things.
  5. knyf
    knyf 13 June 2019 08: 46
    0
    Career guidance based on analysis of genes in a citizen will lead to discrimination. Even in sports, people with initial average physical data can become champions.
  6. steelmaker
    steelmaker 13 June 2019 09: 21
    -3
    Why do we need these genetic passports if a soldier dies due to a criminal order or criminal negligence of an officer? Therefore, if we are talking about genetics, we must also take sperm from the recruit. Parents need grandchildren! And in the event of the death of a serviceman, the Ministry of Defense must at its own expense ensure the continuation of the clan! Maybe then there will be fewer criminal orders and criminal negligence in the army!
    1. your1970
      your1970 13 June 2019 12: 41
      0
      Quote: steel maker
      And in the event of the death of a serviceman, the Ministry of Defense must at its own expense ensure the continuation of the clan!
      - a woman, too, is obliged to provide MO ????
      belay belay belay fool fool fool
  7. Smol79
    Smol79 13 June 2019 09: 51
    +3
    And also bind passports to a SIM card, so that a possible donor to conditional Rockefeller can be seen in Google (a car drove up, pushed a person and he is no more).
    1. your1970
      your1970 13 June 2019 12: 32
      -3
      Yeah ... everything must be taken from the Russian Federation to Rockefeller to transport the liver ....

      There are a dozen wars in the world at least, where thousands and thousands of wounded and unidentified daily.And in military hospitals it is easier to check the state of the organ of the wounded, remove the organ and write off the remains as unidentified at times. They can even legally (almost) carry these organs around the world
      All this is several times cheaper than catching civilians. This is confirmed by the cases with the military in Ukraine.

      No, im " type "It's easier to catch a Russian on the street, hold it for a week while the doctors check the organs, with surprise to find out that the captured are sick, dispose of, catch the next one ..."
      And pay everyone ....
      it will be gold - such an organ for the end customer, and there are not many Rockefellers in the world
      fool fool fool
  8. Departure
    Departure 13 June 2019 13: 15
    +6
    Of the advantages, I saw only the identification of the dead. From the predispositions, what, besides the possible level of aggression, can they now see there?
    And I see a lot of cons. I agree with the company of Delyagin, who are surprised "they have nothing else to do like this"? there are a lot of other more important problems in medicine. the second minus is obvious: incl. a cut is planned on the horizon, has Medvedev bought a network of clinics? the third minus, someone wrote below about the selection of the ideal donor for rich uncles. the fourth minus: the entire library will immediately go to the darknet and become the property of criminals and "partners" in the West. fifth minus: free will forgive goodbye. such undertakings will not end well in this regard. the sixth minus: a predisposition to sores ... these are such pitchforks on the water that it is simply not serious to operate with this as something obligatory.
  9. domokl
    domokl 13 June 2019 14: 18
    +3
    What a "good" idea! Well, I was just proud of our "best minds" of humanity. I’m looking for nuts on bolts on the basis of genetics. Fits-screwed on, does not fit-back into the box.
    What the hell is a man? What is the freedom of choice? It is written in the genetic passport that you are a janitor - here is your choice ... of a site where you will take revenge on the garbage. Well, if it is written that you are "nasyalnika", and autumn is "big" - you have a direct road to the president's reserve. You will become a governor at 25 ...
    Identify corpses? Do not make me laugh. DNA is enough for that.
    I hope those who did not become a general now understand why? You were not genetically predisposed for the rank of general. but the sons of the general are predisposed ...
    1. your1970
      your1970 13 June 2019 20: 45
      +1
      Quote: domokl
      Identify corpses? Do not make me laugh. DNA is enough for that.
      - yeah .. for several years they promised that they would fingerprint everyone (including for the possibility of identification) ..... How did it end?
      recourse request
  10. Keyser soze
    Keyser soze 13 June 2019 15: 44
    -1
    Gataka ... there is still a bit.
  11. polar fox
    polar fox 13 June 2019 19: 33
    +2
    rather, it is a data sheet for analysis on organs ... well, as in Ukraine.
  12. olimpiada15
    olimpiada15 13 June 2019 21: 48
    0
    Genetic passports are needed to identify bribes and dumbasses, so that they do not engage in government, do not destroy the country and people.
    With deep respect for the military, yes, it is important that there are defenders in the country, but more importantly, the country's leadership should have wise people who can prevent war.
    Those who are respected by both the people and friends and enemies not by order or for concessions, but because they deserve respect.
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. Tests
    Tests 14 June 2019 14: 31
    +1
    sv1970 (Sergey), dear, any pathologist and forensic scientist will tell you that everyone knows about fingerprinting, so criminals often chop off their hands from victims. The ears rot for the longest time in a person. That is why from the beginning of the 20th century, criminals were also photographed in profile, while the criminals removed their hair so that the eye could be clearly seen in the photo. Each auricle is individual, like fingerprints or toes, or smell, or eyeball. The idea of ​​fingerprinting those who wish is not the most delusional ... But then it was necessary to start with mandatory fingerprinting of newborns - to roll their hands and feet ....
    True, with fingerprinting and, especially with genetics, the question arises: will we store the database where and how? If in a single copy - and if there is a fire, and the pipe bursts on the floor above, will the rats gnaw? So there will be copying ... With bank cards and qualified digital signatures, people are losing money and housing today, but here ... Do you remember the sad story when the data of the insured by Military Insurance Company ended up in the United States? And even today the "VSK" Insurance Joint-Stock Company has an auditor PricewaterhouseCoopers, located neither in St. Petersburg nor in Moscow, but in foggy London.
    And yet, in the history of military schools there have been many cases when they were admitted from 2 or 3 times, studied a little, or were violators of discipline, and in real battles, on campaigns and flights turned out to be the best. They acted boldly, with fiction, with military cunning, in conditions that were considered unbearable due to the weather, terrain, did not sleep for several days, wounded, shell-shocked, hungry and won. How will such a genetics calculate? Yes, if he is not the only one, but a group, platoon, company, crew? ...
    1. Polymer
      Polymer 18 June 2019 05: 57
      +1
      Quote: Tests
      And yet, in the history of military schools there have been many cases when they were admitted from 2 or 3 times, studied a little, or were violators of discipline, and in real battles, on campaigns and flights turned out to be the best.

      When I first read about these genetic passports, I immediately remembered Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov. What would he predestine such a passport? Just an example of the most striking and revealing.
  15. Polymer
    Polymer 18 June 2019 06: 06
    +1
    Here recently in the media there was a conspiracy clamor about the fact that the United States is attempting to develop some kind of "genetic weapon" that acts selectively. On the one hand, it seems like nonsense, but what kind of crazy ideas do not fly into some American heads. So I wonder if this idea of ​​genetic passports might be related to such research?