Military Review

Will there be a new moon race with China?

23
While European countries are “passionate” about economic problems, sometimes not even their own, and the United States has a strong interest in human rights in the Middle East, the largest country in Asia continues to build its economy and explode upwards. And tear in the truest sense. With virtually no outside assistance, China in recent years has shown a very good pace of development of astronautics. Moreover, in the list of countries that have their own manned astronautics, Celestial is in third place. There is reason to think.



Currently, Chinese engineers are conducting several projects related to space exploration. Beijing simultaneously "hits" in the direction of disposable and reusable manned spacecraft, space "trucks", as well as, in a more distant future, the flight to the moon. According to last year's statements by the leaders of the Chinese space program, China will become the second country to send its citizen to the natural satellite of the Earth by the 2020 year. To put it mildly, a bold statement. At the same time, taking into account the initiative of the Chinese, it is impossible to reduce everything to a joke - China can really rotate the lunar “operation”, it’s just a matter of time.

This time itself should be used with maximum efficiency - otherwise the second place in the manned lunar race can be gained by other countries. But in this stories interesting another. A number of foreign experts put forward unusual and unusual, but in some way believable versions of further developments around the study and exploration of the moon. First of all, they hint at the unfriendliness of China as such. Accordingly, Beijing can not just disembark the Taykunauts to the satellite and return them back, but also arrange regular “flights” there and back. At the present level of development of the entire Earth astronautics, it looks more like fantasy, but the development of the industry does not stop. In principle, with the beginning of space exploration, such thoughts were expressed regularly: the imagination drew the permanent cities on the moon and “trips to the Komsomol vouchers”. But reality over time completely dispelled these dreams. Now it seems they are starting to return.

The aforementioned opinion about the unkind intentions of China today serves as a peculiar reason for suspicion of attempts to colonize the satellite of our planet. In favor of this version, the words from last year's statements by the head of the National Space Administration of China Sun Layan are quoted. He believes that test flights with short walks, like the expeditions of N. Armstrong and his colleagues, should be followed by serious construction. On the moon, you need to create a permanent base. It would seem that such a new comrade Sun said? But this is enough to spread rumors about the likely Chinese claims on the lunar surface. It should be noted that as early as 1967, the USSR and the USA signed the “Treaty on the Principles of the States' Activity in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies”. According to this document, countries could not use space to deploy offensive weapons. As for the Moon, according to the Treaty, it was declared a demilitarized zone - it can be used exclusively for peaceful purposes. The second international agreement that simply needs to be mentioned in the context of the "sharing" of a satellite is the "Agreement on the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies." This document is in general terms reminiscent of the previous Treaty, but it already stipulates the inadmissibility of attempts to declare the Moon or any other celestial body, either wholly or partially, as its property. You will tell nothing, a reasonable condition. Only there is one "small" problem. Of all the 17 countries participating in this Agreement, only France has a more or less serious space program. Kazakhstan with the Baikonur inherited from it can hardly be called a space power. In other states, the space program is either completely absent or in its infancy. Large countries with a developed space program - the USSR / Russia, the USA and China did not sign this agreement and, most likely, will never sign it. So, a good idea underlying the Agreement on Activities on the Moon was in fact discredited by the joint efforts of countries that had little to do with cosmonautics.

Accordingly, any of the space powers can safely land their astronauts on the moon, build a fence there and declare the fenced territory as their own. Of course, such things will cause a negative response from the international community. Nobody can only present any documentary evidence of the inadmissibility of such actions - the Agreement on Activities on the Moon does not have sufficient force. So, China, as a country that has set the boldest deadlines for exploration of the moon, may well try to do this development not only with the help of short-term expeditions.

So, with the theoretical possibility of colonization by earthlings of the Moon, we figured out. It may well happen, give only time. But the question of reasons remained open. Why, one wonders, should China, Russia or the United States carry residential buildings and border posts to the moon? First, it is prestige. Everyone remembers the glory of the first satellite and the Vostok-1 from Yu.A. Gagarin on board. It also remembers the success of the Americans in the lunar race of the sixties and the failure of the Soviet Union. In other words, any major leap in cosmonautics glorifies the country that realized it and in some way dishonored competing states. Therefore, the country that first landed its astronauts on the natural satellite of the Earth in this century will significantly improve its position in astronautics. In particular, such opportunities in the space industry of one of the countries will very transparently hint to many potential customers that it is up to anyone else to put their commercial vehicles into orbit. Thus, a successful expedition to the moon improves the country's image, entails the development of technology and attracts finance to the industry.

The second reason why the Moon should be settled in is its “natural wealth”. It is obvious that the satellite of our planet has deposits of various minerals. Another thing is that we are still barely known for their qualitative and quantitative composition. At the same time, satellite features allow us to hope for relatively easy conditions of their extraction. First, there is no biosphere on the moon. Accordingly, the removal of volumes of matter will have absolutely no effect on the state of the inhabitants of the celestial body, which are absent in principle. Secondly, less gravity will facilitate the work of mining equipment and personnel. The main thing - do not overdo it and do not reduce the mass of the satellite in appreciable limits. Otherwise, the Earth may suffer due to a change in the gravitational forces. Only here all the advantages of mining have a bad feature. From Earth to the moon "just" 360-400 is thousands of kilometers. With the modern level of development of space technology, even banal iron ore, together with delivery to Earth, will cost no less than “native” earth gold. Those. Extraction of minerals on the moon can be beneficial only in the case of any substances that are not found on our planet. As an option, for the construction of objects on the moon itself. But we have not yet reached such a level of satellite development, and its need will be seriously doubted, at least in the next 10-15 years.

Anyway, there are currently all the prerequisites for the resumption of the moon race. At the same time in the "second round" there will be new participants - China and united Europe. Currently, this competition looks quite interesting. The USA cuts down expenses on astronautics, first of all at the expense of the lunar program; Europe is experiencing economic difficulties that not a bit contribute to raising the priority of space research; Russia is planning a manned flyby of the Moon only at the end of the twenties, and China, in turn, is only taking its first steps in orbital flights. We can say that with the exception of some moments, all participants of the new race are approximately in the same position. Even more interest in the lunar "competitions" is added by the fact that the exploration of the moon at the beginning - for quite a long time - will have purely scientific results. Of course, many countries attach great importance to science, but in this case we are talking about unprecedented high costs. Thus, in the coming years, we can see a new competition of states and feel the "sporting" spirit of the sixties of the last century, accompanying the first steps of humanity in space.


On the materials of the sites:
http://cnsa.gov.cn/
http://foreignpolicy.com/
http://inosmi.ru/
http://sinodefence.com/
Author:
23 comments
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  1. Svistoplyaskov
    Svistoplyaskov 29 June 2012 08: 53
    +9
    Damn I really would not want that cunning slanting squint squinted at you even from the moon!
    1. wk
      wk 29 June 2012 09: 14
      +5
      Quote: Whistling
      Damn I really would not want that cunning slanting squint squinted at you even from the moon!

      in the forces of Russia, so that this squint looked at us from the side after we look at them from above .... China can not be stopped, it can only be outstripped.
      1. 755962
        755962 29 June 2012 10: 04
        +9
        China for the first time released an official document in which it indicated its intention to send a person to the moon. The paper notes that Chinese specialists in the rocket and space industry "are carrying out the research necessary to draw up a preliminary plan for the landing of a man on the Moon." According to experts, the flight will take place no earlier than 2020. And now, something tells me,what will land.
        1. Van
          Van 29 June 2012 22: 30
          0
          Ah 60's. There were good times, thirst will reach the stars, Y. Gagarin and all that. fellow

          I wonder who will become Gagarin in the 21st century, who will be able to open new horizons of space ?. fellow
          Really the Chinese, Really, we will again lose this race, for the possibility of victory in which God himself has given us, in the presence of our resources, and opportunities, it would be simply an unforgivable sin to lose in it. crying

          Once again, I am convinced of one thing that such projects should be primarily enthusiastic and only last but not least, a thirst for profit. yes
  2. Krilion
    Krilion 29 June 2012 09: 14
    +6
    the Chinese have money - like a fool of a shag ... they can send their taikunauts even to Mars on an industrial scale - the possibilities allow ...
  3. M. Peter
    M. Peter 29 June 2012 09: 18
    +2
    Do we hope at least something is moving in this direction?
  4. Gur
    Gur 29 June 2012 09: 26
    +5
    Well, you can only envy and say GOOD FELLOWS! How to grill and eat fish and sell scales. Purposefully moving.
  5. vostok
    vostok 29 June 2012 10: 55
    +1
    We need to get ahead of the Chinese, the prestige of our country depends on this!
    1. Gur
      Gur 29 June 2012 13: 07
      +10
      Yeah, tie the laces and from a low start !!! To even align with China, we need a ruler with a whip and no gingerbread. In order to drive the pop-critical elite into the stall, beat the thieves and bribe-takers with the same whip, and again drive everyone to work from the same whip, from booze to office plankton. And then when the power and blessings of the country will belong to the real working people, and by education we will restore the prestige that was in the USSR, maybe then we will catch up with and overtake and get ahead. But then.
    2. mind1954
      mind1954 29 June 2012 23: 09
      +1
      And we, excuse me, are no longer a country, but a colony of the Russian Federation!
      And the colonies do not have prestige!
  6. itr
    itr 29 June 2012 11: 26
    +3
    Judging by the photo is very similar to the union. Well, if so. That’s where they’ll get to hell, since no one will help them except Russia. But Russia itself was not there. Accordingly, if I would really like to help but can not, the technologies themselves do not really have such. Yes, and nowhere to lick. If only from Apollo photos
  7. spirit
    spirit 29 June 2012 11: 37
    +5
    when the satellites started to fall, VVP confidently said Rosskosmos was steadily moving forward !!!! someone made a joke on this topic on the radio, the next day the host was fired)))))))))
    RossPill = RossCosmos
    1. Justme
      Justme 29 June 2012 14: 52
      +3
      RossPIL == RossKosmos

      Damn well said good good
      Agree to all 100
  8. mr.Man
    mr.Man 29 June 2012 13: 44
    +4
    With the collapse of the union, too many politicians believed that astronautics was a waste of money and cut back everything they could.
    The Chinese expansion in space will force such politicians to take a fresh look at the Cosmos.
    The forced "competition" I hope will "spur" the Russian cosmonautics to new achievements ...
  9. sprut
    sprut 29 June 2012 14: 38
    -1
    GO RUSSIA!!!! WE SHOULD BE FIRST ON THE MOON THAN CHINESE. And MARS IS SO FIRST !!!
  10. snek
    snek 29 June 2012 15: 25
    +2
    Will there be a new moon race with China?

    Honestly, I really hope so. Somehow, after the initial jerk of the 60s-70s, mankind sharply slowed down in space exploration. We sat in the civilization cradle of Tsialkovsky and maybe the Chinese kick is just what we need to finally get out of it. As for the article, there are some inaccuracies: the Chinese said that they would not put a man on the moon in 2020, but somewhere in the region of 2025 (a base line is planned for 2050).
    1. hrych
      hrych 30 June 2012 12: 32
      +3
      They just reached the limit that rocket technology is capable of realizing. The lunar race ended in the impossibility of creating heavy rockets, providing a person with a soft landing on the moon and return to Earth. The Russians got out of their position by launching lunar rover robots, and the Americans, as a true Hollywood power, made a moon movie based on the script by Stanley Kubrick. Given the Tycunaut's spacewalk filmed in the pavilion, it can be concluded that the Chinese went along the American path.
  11. Uncle
    Uncle 29 June 2012 16: 02
    +2
    I read that on the moon in rigolith, lunar soil, full of Helium3, it is formed from the Solar Wind. So, this Not 3, excellent fuel for nuclear power plants, is absolutely clean. The one who gets the first one will provide himself with energy and can no longer catch up with him.
    1. snek
      snek 29 June 2012 16: 42
      +3
      There are already so many words spoken on this topic and so many keyboards stuck. Firstly, conventional helium 3 nuclear power plants will not work, here we need stations that would work on nuclear fusion (the combination of light elements with the release of energy). There are several experimental power plants of this type, but so far, the production of electricity is far from industrial scale. By the way, which is interesting, here the Chinese were able to achieve significant success:
      Chinese physicists have managed to achieve a breakthrough in the production of peaceful thermonuclear energy. Their reactor not only stabilizes the plasma in a few seconds, but also produces more energy than it spends.
      A new phase of experiments at the Chinese fusion reactor EAST has begun, according to Xinhua. And you can already talk about their success.
      The first launch of the EAST reactor (Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak) took place in September 2006. Then the Chinese scientists established its reliability, and now they have begun more serious tests.
      EAST refers to tokamak fusion reactors. Two nuclei - deuterium and tritium - merge to form a helium nucleus (alpha particle) and a high-energy neutron.
      Reportedly, already now it was possible to get a plasma with a temperature of 100 million Kelvin living for 5 seconds, the reactor gave out a current of 500 kiloamperes, and, as scientists said, the ratio of energy produced and consumed exceeded unity (1,25: 1)
      According to the work manager Wu Suntao, the ultimate goal of the work is to achieve plasma stability for a thousand seconds and the ratio of energy used to energy received to 1 to 50. According to Suntao, the current experiments, which will last until February 10, will show how justified such expectations are.
      The reactor was created by the Plasma Physics Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), which is headed by Wu Sutao. It was built in Hefei, the capital of the eastern Chinese province of Anhui. The reactor cost 200 million yuan ($ 25 million). According to Xinhua, it is the cheapest reactor of its kind in the world and the first working reactor. Physicists took eight years to create it.

      full article here: http://www.gazeta.ru/science/2007/01/16_a_1262449.shtml
  12. prophetic
    prophetic 29 June 2012 17: 21
    +2
    I believe that it’s better to fill the moon than Russia. And ours would first restore order in the country, and not think about heaven, or at least - keep up with it here and there, but - with two hares ....
  13. sapulid
    sapulid 30 June 2012 02: 49
    +2
    The Moon Race requires a lot of money. If you establish settlements or developments there, you need to CONSTANTLY SUPPLY AND SUPPORT them! NOT ONE country can pull it! Considering that spending on Lunnaya, everything else will have to be abandoned or postponed, then, delivered from there, it will be possible to simply pick up, if they refuse to "share voluntarily." Not to mention private ships. Who will stop them from piracy? Rocketry needs to be developed, but, in the next ambitious scams, do not get involved. Raise the country and respond cheaply and effectively to existing and potential threats. Another article concocted by someone interested in additional funding. Again, money, to the detriment of other programs for the development of weapons and the social sphere. Lord scribes, fear God, do not rob old people and children, for the sake of your interests. Young people are not as patient now as people of my and older generation. You won't have time to carry your legs, let alone money. Calculate, at least, your scams.
  14. apro
    apro 30 June 2012 09: 49
    +2
    I don’t doubt who it is that in the Chinese these people will be able to hand over all their white painters to the square in the square. Oligarchs with traitors shoot their youth teach that they themselves will not come up with something and they will not say thanks and Russia will correctly do all their potential for profound democratic values and that’s it.
  15. Odinplys
    Odinplys 30 June 2012 17: 31
    0
    This race will not bring anything good ... Earthlings doom themselves to self-destruction ...
  16. Sanches
    Sanches 30 June 2012 21: 52
    -1
    we are already on the verge of self-destruction, but the development of other planets may very well help us survive, or at least wait out a new nuclear winter. Findings in Egypt, China, India and South America indicate that seven thousand years ago there was a global war between the Chinese, Indo-Europeans and blacks who ruled then Africa and South America. All races were highly developed, went into space. They left bunkers with anti-radiation protection (which, after feral people, were filled up with roughly processed stones and turned into pyramids) and bomb test sites (for example, the famous zigzag wall in South America, perfectly extinguishes the blast wave, but can in no way serve as protection against attack, besides there are real traces of tests). Blacks in Africa were defeated by the Indo-Europeans, and in South America by the Chinese, subsequently the Chinese colonized the American continents, and the Indo-Europeans founded Ancient Egypt (black people lived and developed there for a million years, then abruptly disappeared somewhere, and in their place in the same for a moment, there were races from other continents - this is described even on Wikipedia). But apparently the war caused such damage to all races, in conjunction with the subsequent global flood and nuclear winter, that we had to start from scratch, and in seven thousand years we again reached the same level, and blacks were so cruelly destroyed and thrown back into the Stone Age, that they couldn’t catch us on their own. For example, Sklyarov’s expeditions clearly prove this without unnecessary comments and speculation. By the way, there is still such a moment - the Slavic reckoning is carried out from 5503 BC. - from the year of the creation of the world between the Indo-Europeans and the Great Dragon (China), and since then there has not been a real war between us and the Chinese. Apparently, the weapons of that time were so powerful that we could not use them on the same continent as the enemy, and were forced to make peace, but they were actively used in South America and North Africa.
    I am sure that we will survive self-destruction, and a reasonable human resource will be enough to return to its current level in 5-7 thousand years, but with a colony on another planet, we will return to this level much faster
    1. bamboo
      bamboo 1 July 2012 18: 08
      +1
      Sori, minusnul, did not hit))) and I liked it, if there will be a bootlet, please provide a link. I have not heard such an option !!!
      1. Sanches
        Sanches 2 July 2012 08: 28
        0
        Starting from the 8th - 7th millennium BC. e., through the unsuitable swampy jungle of the Nile Valley, various tribes migrating from the Afrasian languages ​​migrate. According to the hypothesis of A. Yu. Militarev, the movement of these tribes began from the Near East, in connection with the desertification of the Arabian Peninsula.

        Not later than in the 5th - first floor. 4th millennium BC e., in the Nile Valley is formed a Caucasian proto-Egyptian population

        The era of human development began in the area of ​​Dr. Egypt 815 thousand years ago, and these were the ancestors of Negroids. Scientists want to say that migrated Caucasians in 4-5 thousand years have reached a level of development much greater than local Negroids in 815 thousand years, but this is not believed.
        Suspension of human activity 11-000 years ago
        Hypothesis 1 - unsuitability for human habitation, since floods reached abnormal levels.
        Hypothesis 2 - the accumulation of alluvial soils, during this period, hid the traces of sites in the narrow floodplain of the Nile.

        http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%F0%E5%E2%ED%E8%E9_%C5%E3%E8%EF%E5%F2

        Maybe someone knows exactly what actually happened, but they are unlikely to tell us, for example, in some pyramids the passages are fenced in with bars and tourists are not allowed for them. And imagine what blacks will do when they learn that in ancient times they independently reached a level of civilization higher than the modern level of whites, and that their potential is not less than that of whites, really not less, but whites have genocide. It is not surprising that German and British historians of the XNUMXth century, even if they found confirmation of this, did not tell anyone, it was a great danger to their colonies and the slave trade. But something else you can see with your own eyes
        In Egypt, more than a hundred pyramids, seven of which are radically different from all the others in construction methods and technology. They so fall out of the general picture of the primitive society of Ancient Egypt that they allow one to put forward a version of their creation long before the first pharaohs by those whom the Egyptians themselves called gods - a civilization that has reached a very high level of development

        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AroHrl0UnRs

        The stone heads in South America are blackheads, but who heard of the Negroids there before being conquered by the white colonizers? At the same time, over the entrance to one of the South American pyramids, the head of the Chinese dragon, and the race of the Indians of both Americas is Mongoloid - all this suggests that South America was first inhabited by Negroids, then Mongoloids came, and already in the Middle Ages Caucasians. But how did the Mongoloids exterminate the Negroids thousands of years ago and migrate across the ocean, allegedly without any technology for this?
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OWMJQ-JKMXs

        All these are just assumptions and I myself am not completely sure that everything was exactly like that, but genetically we are the same as a million years ago - not smarter and not dumber, and we know that even two thousand years is enough for us to spears and bows walk to orbital stations and atomic bombs
    2. Sanches
      Sanches 2 July 2012 08: 36
      0
      Starting from the 8th - 7th millennium BC. e., through the unsuitable swampy jungle of the Nile Valley, various tribes migrating from the Afrasian languages ​​migrate. According to the hypothesis of A. Yu. Militarev, the movement of these tribes began from the Near East, in connection with the desertification of the Arabian Peninsula.

      Not later than in the 5th - first floor. 4th millennium BC e., in the Nile Valley is formed a Caucasian proto-Egyptian population

      The era of human development began in the area of ​​Dr. Egypt 815 thousand years ago, and these were the ancestors of Negroids. Scientists want to say that migrated Caucasians in 4-5 thousand years have reached a level of development much greater than local Negroids in 815 thousand years, but this is not believed.
      Suspension of human activity 11-000 years ago
      Hypothesis 1 - unsuitability for human habitation, since floods reached abnormal levels.
      Hypothesis 2 - the accumulation of alluvial soils, during this period, hid the traces of sites in the narrow floodplain of the Nile.

      http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%F0%E5%E2%ED%E8%E9_%C5%E3%E8%EF%E5%F2

      Maybe someone knows exactly what actually happened, but they are unlikely to tell us, for example, in some pyramids the passages are fenced in with bars and tourists are not allowed for them. And imagine what blacks will do when they learn that in ancient times they independently reached a level of civilization higher than the modern level of whites, and that their potential is not less than that of whites, really not less, but whites have genocide. It is not surprising that German and British historians of the XNUMXth century, even if they found confirmation of this, did not tell anyone, it was a great danger to their colonies and the slave trade. But something else you can see with your own eyes
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AroHrl0UnRs
      In Egypt, more than a hundred pyramids, seven of which are radically different from all the others in construction methods and technology. They so fall out of the general picture of the primitive society of Ancient Egypt that they allow one to put forward a version of their creation long before the first pharaohs by those whom the Egyptians themselves called gods - a civilization that has reached a very high level of development


      The stone heads in South America are blackheads, but who heard of the Negroids there before being conquered by the white colonizers? At the same time, over the entrance to one of the South American pyramids, the head of the Chinese dragon, and the race of the Indians of both Americas is Mongoloid - all this suggests that South America was first inhabited by Negroids, then Mongoloids came, and already in the Middle Ages Caucasians. But how did the Mongoloids exterminate the Negroids thousands of years ago and migrate across the ocean, allegedly without any technology for this?
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OWMJQ-JKMXs

      All these are just assumptions and I myself am not completely sure that everything was exactly like that, but genetically we are the same as a million years ago - not smarter and not dumber, and we know that even two thousand years is enough for us to spears and bows reach orbital stations and atomic bombs. The cave paintings depict scenes of hunting for mammoths and deer with bows and spears, but the mammoths were measured not two, but one hundred thousand years ago! We could go all the way to technocracy and return to the starting point during this time. fifty times! What can we say about a million or 815 thousand years, as in Dr. Egypt!

      In general, we should rejoice for the Chinese and in general for anyone who can establish colonies on the moon or Mars and save the gene pool and technology of earthlings in the event of a global nuclear war, so as not to start all over again
  17. Alx1miK
    Alx1miK 6 July 2012 23: 52
    +1
    Somehow they will throw 100 million people on the moon, it doesn't cost them anything. And there will be a "Chinese Moon". We must get ahead of the comrades!
  18. Honory
    Honory April 5 2015 15: 37
    0
    For the Chinese, money is not a problem, everything depends on technology, here they are still not up to the mark, but they know how to steal other people's developments very well, so there is no doubt that they will land their secretaries on the moon.