Military Review

Project Tactical Boost Glide. Contract for Raytheon, a threat to Russia

36
Scientific and design organizations of the United States continue to work on the creation of promising hypersonic weapon systems. Recently appeared next news about one of these projects. DARPA and the relevant authorities of the United States Air Force reviewed the received technical proposals for the Tactical Boost Glide program and selected the most successful project to be developed. The contract for the execution of the necessary work was given to the company Raytheon.


5 March, the press service of the company "Raytheon" and announced the victory in the competitive part of the promising program Tactical Boost Glide. Agency for Advanced Study DARPA has entered into a contract with the company worth 63,3 million dollars. Now Raytheon, DARPA and the US Air Force should jointly continue research and development, the result of which is expected to become a prototype, and then a full-fledged promising model of weapons.

Project Tactical Boost Glide. Contract for Raytheon, a threat to Russia


In a press release about getting a contract, the words of Thomas Bassing, vice president of Raytheon Advanced Missile Systems, are quoted. He noted that the new order from DARPA is joining a growing number of hypersonic programs implemented by Raytheon. The company works closely with its customers, which is necessary for the rapid creation and implementation of new developments. The goal of all this, according to T. Bassing, is to provide the armed forces with new tools suitable for responding to current threats.

Unfortunately, DAPRA and Raytheon do not provide any new technical or organizational details. Also, the expected completion dates and their prospects in the context of real rearmament remain unknown.

***

The first reports of the new DARPA agency program called Tactical Boost Glide (“Tactical planning winged combat unit”) appeared last summer. Then it was reported that the Agency plans to attract several defense enterprises for the further development of promising hypersonic weapons. In the coming years, it was planned to conduct the necessary research and development work.

According to foreign press reports, the goal of the TBG project is to create a missile system, including a booster rocket and the actual planning combat unit. The latter should reach the speed of the order of M = 5 and show the range at the level of 500 nautical miles (926 km). Some of the features of the project were not disclosed.

Last summer it became known that Lockheed Martin and Raytheon were willing to participate in the TBG program. In mid-July, the publication Aviation Week wrote that in "Raytheon" refused to discuss the company's participation in the new project DARPA. It was noted that negotiations are already underway, the results of which will be a necessary decision. Information of this kind about the Lockheed Martin project did not become public knowledge.

Some information about the TBG program is provided in a short note on the DARPA official website. Official material recalls that weapons systems with flight speeds greater than 5 sound speeds have a high combat potential, since they are capable of covering large distances in the shortest time. Such weapons can provide a significant increase in the strike power of the American army, including in conditions of increasing enemy capacity.

Tactical Boost Glide is a joint program of DARPA and the USAF. The goal of this program is the study and development of technologies, on the basis of which in the future it will be possible to create new types of hypersonic airborne tactical weapons. Such weapons will be made in the form of a complex, including a booster rocket and a planning combat unit.

According to DARPA, the TBG program has three main objectives. The first is confirmation of the fundamental possibility of creating an aircraft with the desired characteristics. It is necessary to substantiate at the theoretical level the possibility of implementing a project that meets the requirements of the customer. The second task is to confirm the effectiveness of advanced weapons in the intended conditions of use. The third task is to ensure accessibility. As a technology demonstrator, future serial warfare products should not be expensive or difficult to operate.

The TBG program is divided into two stages. During the tests it is planned to carry out checks on the ground and in the air. This will allow to work out the critical technologies and show the real capabilities of the system created on its base. It is proposed to use a systematic approach for the formation of the appearance of the demonstrator and the subsequent work on the combat system.

In the framework of the new TBG project, DARPA specialists propose using the already mastered technologies created in the framework of previous programs. So, the source of the necessary solutions can be the Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 project (HTV-2), also known as the DARPA Falcon Project.

March 2, a few days before the news of the contract with Raytheon, the director of the DARPA agency Stephen Walker revealed some of the plans for the current 2019 year. According to him, this year DARPA will conduct a mass of tests of hypersonic weapons. The exact types of products planned for testing were not mentioned. S. Walker also said that the leadership of the United States provides insufficient funding for the development of hypersonic technology.

***

Taking into account all the available data on the project Tactical Boost Glide, you can make an approximate picture of events. The program started last year, and to date, two US defense companies have prepared their versions of preliminary projects. The most successful DARPA and the Air Force considered the development of Raytheon Advanced Missile Systems. Now this company will have to master 63,3 million dollars and submit a new version of the project. Whether the newest contract provides for construction and testing of prototypes is unknown. Perhaps these works will be carried out under the following agreement.

Of great interest is the concept of weapons proposed by DARPA for implementation in the TBG program. We are talking about an aviation missile system of a tactical or operational-tactical level, built using a planning combat unit. From an architectural point of view, this will be a typical boost-glide weapon (“acceleration and planning”), including two main elements: a rocket and a planning warhead. Known wishes of the customer in terms of flight performance.

The name of the project mentions the tactical scope of the use of promising weapons, which may be a hint of some of its technical features. It can be assumed that the TBG complex will have limited dimensions and mass, which will allow it to be used with front-line aircraft aviation. However, the finished product can be larger and heavier, which is why tactical missiles will have to be used by strategic bombers.

If the assumptions about the small size of the complex correspond to reality, then Raytheon will have to solve a number of complex problems. First of all, it is necessary to adapt existing technologies for a new project with its characteristic limitations. A similar reworking of existing solutions in the field of guidance and control tools is also needed. If the task of reducing the size is missing - the project still will not be easy.

Modern projects of hypersonic systems offer the use of conventional and special combat units. Size restrictions may lead to the fact that the TBG combat unit will be able to carry only a conventional charge. In addition, it is possible to use a kinetic method of hitting the target. DARPA and Raytheon are not in a hurry with explanations on this topic.

***

The US is openly talking about the development of hypersonic shock systems as a response to similar projects in Russia and China. In this regard, our country should create not only its own advanced weapons, but also means of protection against foreign threats. In the context of the TBG program and other projects of this kind, creating effective remedies can be extremely difficult.

It is considered and constantly mentioned that the hypersonic planning combat unit is a unique weapon in its properties. Its interception is a very difficult task for any air and missile defense. High flight speed reduces the possible response time to a threat, and also complicates or eliminates the interception of an anti-aircraft missile.

It is easy to calculate that the TBG product at speed M = 5 is in theory capable of flying to a maximum range in less than 10 minutes. The loss of speed when planning a flight will slightly increase this time. Thus, to combat such weapons, an air defense system is required that can detect a threat at the maximum possible range and then intercept a target moving along an unpredictable trajectory with hypersonic speed. Probably the most convenient way to deal with such a threat is to intercept carrier aircraft, which also has its own difficulties.

How Russia and China will respond to the potential threat in the form of Tactical Boost Glide from DARPA and Raytheon is unclear. In our country, the development of promising air defense missile systems and missile defense systems, which are expected to differ from their predecessors with enhanced technical and combat characteristics, is underway. It cannot be ruled out that, for example, in the C-500 project, the possibilities for combating hypersonic aerodynamic objectives were initially laid.

***

The United States is not the first year to conduct research in the field of hypersonic technology, as well as build and test new types of prototypes. Another program of this kind has recently reached the signing of a contract with a contractor. Now the company "Reyteon" to develop the proposed ideas and bring them to the stage of technical design. Then, one should expect her to build and test TBG prototypes. In the case of obtaining the desired results, the product is adapted for use in the armed forces.

The recent news about the appearance of the next agreement between DARPA and Raytheon, as well as the expected consequences of this event, are a serious signal for other countries whose relations with the United States are far from ideal. Russia and China, which the United States regards as competitors and potential adversaries, should take into account the latest news and take measures to protect their interests.

On the materials of the sites:
http://raytheon.mediaroom.com/
https://darpa.mil/
https://aviationweek.com/
https://airforce-technology.com/
http://globalsecurity.org/
Author:
Photos used:
Raytheon Co. / raytheon.mediaroom.com
36 comments
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  1. riwas
    riwas 11 March 2019 05: 09
    +3
    Arms race. We should not calm down, but we must work for the future. But will it be our economy?
    1. 2329 Carpenter
      2329 Carpenter 11 March 2019 05: 24
      +4
      Far from the first race in which we feel. I think our economy has unused reserves, and there are prospects.
      I would like the defense industry to work - the same as in recent years on fundamentally new models. So that we are pleasantly surprised, and the "partners" - on the contrary.
  2. maxxavto
    maxxavto 11 March 2019 07: 32
    0
    as I understood from the article, they still didn’t have a horse there !!! late, maybe even forever
    1. riwas
      riwas 11 March 2019 09: 00
      +1
      The enemy should not be underestimated. Like Rogozin recently spoke about a trampoline for the delivery of American astronauts to the ISS.
      1. Setrac
        Setrac 11 March 2019 21: 42
        0
        Quote: riwas
        Like Rogozin recently spoke about a trampoline for the delivery of American astronauts to the ISS.

        Well, while there is no alternative to trampoline.
        1. riwas
          riwas 12 March 2019 07: 27
          0
          Really, but the American "Dragon", which recently docked to the ISS.
          1. Felix
            Felix 12 March 2019 08: 41
            0
            Quote: riwas

            Really, but the American "Dragon", which recently docked to the ISS.

            Excuse me, what's so breakthrough? The technology of the 60s of the last century, recreated using modern materials ..
          2. Egor53
            Egor53 12 March 2019 11: 11
            -1
            "Really, but the American Dragon, which recently docked to the ISS."

            As many as 400 pounds of cargo delivered to the ISS. Doubtful achievement.
            Americans have been trying to repeat the RD engine for about 20 years, so far to no avail.
            The USA is one of the most poorly educated countries in the world - only 86% of the population can read and write.
            Not all can be bought for money.
          3. Setrac
            Setrac 12 March 2019 18: 28
            0
            Quote: riwas
            Really, but the American "Dragon", which recently docked to the ISS.

            And how many people did he deliver to the ISS? Zero!!!! Trampolines are your everything.
  3. shinobi
    shinobi 11 March 2019 07: 47
    0
    They have not even started yet, they are only planning. Well, what is the threat? The threat is when the deployment takes place. This is when we deployed Iskanders on their missile defense system and began to re-equip our ICBMs with Vanguards. We already have work items for the Zircon GZO program, under this name there is a whole bunch of devices, but they are just starting to move with the planning block. The lag is 10-15 years. If we continue to develop the topic, then the Yankees need to think very hard before crumpling a loaf on us.
  4. Alex Nevs
    Alex Nevs 11 March 2019 09: 02
    0
    There is a reason for cutting ..... if only we would not succumb to this temptation to increase
  5. g1washntwn
    g1washntwn 11 March 2019 09: 09
    +1
    Judging by the range of application - RSD. Instead of slow non-maneuvering Pershing-2 warheads, it is expected.
    You can not bother with forecasts, they will appear at least in Europe and near China.
  6. Old26
    Old26 11 March 2019 11: 05
    +3
    Quote: maxxavto
    as I understood from the article, they still didn’t have a horse there !!! late, maybe even forever

    The first samples began to be tested in the middle of the last decade. The backlog is not critical at all. Moreover, in large quantities such weapons systems are unlikely to be deployed. But lower speed and lower range will make it possible to reduce the cost of the system itself and deploy it in a larger quantity ...
    And the enemy should not be underestimated. The United States has sufficient scientific and technological potential and, most importantly, financial. But that they were late forever - these are statements for their own complacency

    Quote: shinobi
    They have not even started yet, they are only planning. Well, what is the threat? The threat is when the deployment takes place. This is when we deployed Iskanders on their missile defense system and began to re-equip our ICBMs with Vanguards. We already have work items for the Zircon GZO program, under this name there is a whole bunch of devices, but they are just starting to move with the planning block. The lag is 10-15 years. If we continue to develop the topic, then the Yankees need to think very hard before crumpling a loaf on us.

    Have we started deployment? The Americans have been closely dealing with this problem (hypersound) since the middle of the last decade. In some ways it is successful, in others it is not. But we also have a final exit - "Vanguard" appeared after almost a quarter of a century of testing.
    You shouldn't lump everything together. Their missile defense system and our Iskanders, Maybe for Aegis Iskander will be a problem, but against GBI, Iskander is not a problem at all. There are different speeds, ranges, and heights
    We are only planning to re-equip a dozen old missiles with vanguards, since the Sarmat is still very far from the completion of tests. And even then the first regiment was deployed only at the end of this year, and not even a regiment, but a launch minimum ...
    Products under the "Zircon" program are still being tested, and it is not yet clear which ones, GLI, SLI or some other. There is not a whole bunch of devices under the name "Zircon", you should not come up with non-existent systems here. Yes, two samples, also of naval "minerals", are in the works, but no one knows when they will be completed. Have you already come up with a whole bunch of different rockets under the general name "Zircon" ...
    Americans have been stirring for a long time. Take it in the same Wiki for simplicity, read about the work on the X-43, X-51 products so that you do not have a world view through the pink glasses that they are 10-15 years behind ..

    Quote: g1washntwn
    Judging by the range of application - RSD. Instead of slow non-maneuvering Pershing-2 warheads, it is expected.
    You can not bother with forecasts, they will appear at least in Europe and near China.

    The range is even less than the average range. A purely tactical complex designed for, as you correctly said, the same European theater of operations. Moreover, it is slower than our "Vanguard", it is easier to work out and simpler in terms of the carrier. It's one thing to use ICBMs for a carrier, and the other to use operational-tactical missile systems.
    1. maxxavto
      maxxavto 11 March 2019 16: 08
      0
      The dagger is already undergoing trial operation, haven't they lagged behind? but I say this because we already have it, and they only allocated money, besides this, they haven’t delivered technology yet
  7. bk0010
    bk0010 11 March 2019 12: 11
    0
    Well, and what is worse for us than an ordinary rocket of the corresponding range? We have no missile defense.
  8. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 11 March 2019 13: 02
    -1
    Americans do not try to put gliders into ICBM warheads like the Vanguard. And they make tactical systems. They are easy and cheap to test. And having achieved accuracy of hits, you can think about increasing distances and heights.
  9. viktorish007
    viktorish007 11 March 2019 13: 22
    0
    Hmm, that we have fairy tales they tell about zircon, what the Americans were going to do "answer", since the 70s it is clear that without a breakthrough in materials science and plasma physics, there will be no guidance and maneuvering on hypersound, what for people are going to invest in a hypersonic unit for an armored vehicle - the mystery of the country of elves, since it is not clear where he will break through at such a speed and height for 20k, where it is impossible in principle to break through the bottom
  10. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 11 March 2019 16: 26
    0
    Start. Search research. Well ... good riddance ... Maybe they’ll catch up and overtake ... Or maybe NO wassat
  11. Bastinda
    Bastinda 11 March 2019 17: 32
    -1
    Americans get dirty diapers! They will never catch us! Look how much money has fallen off !!!
    On March 5, the Reiteon press service also announced the victory in the competitive part of the promising Tactical Boost Glide program. DARPA Advanced Research Agency has entered into a contract with the company 63,3 million.

    By the way, it perfectly shows all the West's concern with our cartoons.
  12. Operator
    Operator 11 March 2019 19: 54
    -2
    Avagard - 26M, Zircon - 9M, Tactical Boost Glide - 5M: the American military-industrial complex lags behind already at the R&D stage.

    Are the bucks over? laughing
    1. Sasha_rulevoy
      Sasha_rulevoy 11 March 2019 22: 55
      -1
      Quote: Operator
      Avagard - 26M, Zircon - 9M, Tactical Boost Glide - 5M: lagging behind the American military-industrial complex


      I think they are not behind, but ahead. It’s just that they already launched these missiles, and the Russians are still at the stage of the very first theoretical assessments, and they don’t even suspect what practical problems they will have to face, but as soon as they get to the first model, it will immediately become clear that there is unacceptable overload, here is overheating, here is a radio communication antenna , and you’ll have to cut back the speed, then cut it down again, until they descend to the same 5 max. I consider American science to be the most advanced in the world. If they have failed above five, no one will succeed.
      1. Egor53
        Egor53 12 March 2019 11: 18
        +1
        The United States with its "most advanced science" for 20 years has not been able to replicate the RD-180. Having all the technical documentation. A country where the illiteracy rate is above 14% cannot have advanced science.
        I personally met people with a university diploma in the USA who could not read and write.
      2. viktorish007
        viktorish007 12 March 2019 12: 39
        0
        Considering how many hypersonic Xs have flown up, amers have a hypersound, everything is fine, but you can’t even remember the tales of the avant-garde 26m zircon-9m, since only such numbers exist on renty until they come up with new physical principles for pointing nowhere zirconium will not fly higher than 4m, but in reality there are 3-3,5 on a direct-flow tank with boron-hydrogen fuel
  13. bone1
    bone1 11 March 2019 20: 17
    0
    On a competitive basis, have you chosen the most successful project of the type chosen the most beautiful picture? laughing -and now, rolling up their sleeves and spending a lot of dough, they will conduct research and development work? - "The result of which, AS EXPECTED, will be a prototype" laughing
  14. Old26
    Old26 11 March 2019 22: 17
    +2
    Quote: maxxavto
    The dagger is already undergoing trial operation, haven't they lagged behind? but I say this because we already have it, and they only allocated money, besides this, they haven’t delivered technology yet

    Do you always merge everything into one container? At least there are several areas of work in the field of hypersonic weapons.
    1. Products with the so-called. "motorless hypersound". Simply put, an air-to-ground ballistic missile, which at the end of the engine operation has a hypersonic speed. As such an example, our "Dagger", which is still at the OBD. The Americans have not yet bothered with this problem, although similar tests were carried out in the early 60s. But they were not satisfied with many things, incl. and accuracy and the program was closed.
    2. Hypersonic cruise missiles with a hypersonic ramjet engine. T.N. "motor hypersound". Here the Americans started before us (X-43, X-51), but either they closed the program or froze it for a while. We are still working on "Zircon"
    3. Hypersonic winged blocks (gliders) launched (accelerated) not just by a launching accelerator, as in the CD in item 2, A, accelerated by a solid-propellant rocket. These are the corresponding developments of the USA and our "Vanguard". Who is lagging behind and who is not and how much is considered to be based on the final result. While the product is not in service - talk about anything.
    The technologies they have are exactly the same as ours. It’s another matter that they do not consider many weapons systems to be top priority in terms of arming - this is indeed so. Newly, the Americans and I went nose to nose. A lag of 3-7 years was never considered critical

    Quote: bk0010
    Well, and what is worse for us than an ordinary rocket of the corresponding range? We have no missile defense.

    Surely no missile defense? Okay, I don’t think Moscow is a classic. And what about, complexes of the S-400 or S-500 class are not capable of solving missile defense tasks against missiles with approximately the same range? Or the S-300V complex?
  15. Operator
    Operator 11 March 2019 23: 47
    0
    Quote: Sasha_rulevoy
    they are not lagging, and ahead

    Do you have that memory is really bad - when is the US hypersonic brought to a working, not to mention a serial state?

    In the Russian Federation, in June 2018, serial production of the Avangard planning combat unit began; on December 26, 2018, a test launch of the Avangard was carried out from the Dombarovsky positioning area (Orenburg region) at the Kura training ground (Kamchatka region). In 2019, it is planned to re-equip the Dombarovskaya division of the Strategic Missile Forces with "Vanguards".
    1. Sasha_rulevoy
      Sasha_rulevoy 12 March 2019 16: 16
      0
      Yes, I will clarify, ahead of "scrumjets" by twenty years.
      1. Operator
        Operator 12 March 2019 18: 52
        0
        Teach materiel:

        The first successful flight test of a scramjet engine (Scrumjet) was carried out by the Soviet Union in 1991. It was a hydrogen-fueled axisymmetric dual-mode engine developed by the Central Institute of Aviation Motors in the late 1970s. The flight tests were carried out aboard a C-200 surface-to-air missile, which included the Kholod experimental aircraft.
        Then, from 1992 to 1998, CIAM conducted additional 6 flight tests of an axisymmetric high-speed scramjet demonstrator. A maximum flight speed exceeding Mach 6,4 was achieved and the engine was demonstrated for 77 seconds.
        Subsequent tinkering in the nose of American, Australian, Indian and other pseudo-designers so far have not been able to ensure that these parameters are exceeded by the national scramjet.

        Another scramjet engine is clearly installed on the Zircon, which ensures stable combustion of fuel in a supersonic combustion chamber for tens of minutes.
        1. Sasha_rulevoy
          Sasha_rulevoy 12 March 2019 22: 47
          0
          Quote: Operator
          Subsequent picking in the nose of American, Australian, Indian and other mount designers


          Cold is a joint project supported by ONERA, Aerospatialе and NASA. Result: with the attached S-200 rocket, it reached a speed of Mach 6.5, engine operation time 77 s, flight altitude 33 km, liquid hydrogen fuel.

          X-43 - launch in 2004, flight time 11 s, speed 6.83 M, at an altitude of 29 km, fuel - liquid hydrogen.

          X-43A - launch also in 2004, flight time 12 s, speed 9.68 M, altitude 35 km, fuel liquid hydrogen.

          X-51A - in 2013, flight time 370 s, speed 5.1 M, altitude 21 km, fuel - standard aviation.
          1. Operator
            Operator 13 March 2019 00: 58
            0
            What kind of support was in 1990-ies from ONERA, Aerospatial and NASA, besides financial - in fact, the West bought Soviet developments.

            However, several years ago, an interview was published with the chief designer of the Soviet / Russian scramjet, which clearly stated that it was impossible to create a similar engine operating for more than 1-2 minutes due to the instability of the combustion of fuel in a supersonic air flow. Those. The West is still where we were in the 1998 year - probably the hands are growing from the wrong place.

            Therefore, there is clearly some innovation in the Zircon GPVRD and it is purely specifically Russian (not Soviet or Western) - this is an unequivocal response to the screams of local and foreign Russophobes about the alleged inability of the Russian military-industrial complex to create its own, and not take a ready-made Soviet from the shelf.
            1. Sasha_rulevoy
              Sasha_rulevoy 13 March 2019 17: 29
              0
              Quote: Operator
              What kind of support was there in the 1990s from ONERA, Aerospatial and NASA, other than financial


              We can judge this only from the boastful stories of Russian scientists. It would be interesting to see either the documents or find out what NASA experts think about it. Perhaps these stories are from the series that the Cherepanov steam engine invented.

              Quote: Operator
              about the impossibility of creating a similar engine,


              The Americans are not the same. Compare the photo of "Cold" and X-51 - no external resemblance.
              1. Operator
                Operator 13 March 2019 19: 21
                0
                And where does the appearance of aircraft, when it comes to engines? laughing
                1. Sasha_rulevoy
                  Sasha_rulevoy 13 March 2019 22: 25
                  0
                  So I'm talking about engines. "Cold" - round with a cone inside. X-51 - square without cone. Outwardly, nothing in common.
                  1. Operator
                    Operator 13 March 2019 23: 45
                    0
                    Round / square are related to rocket bodies, not engines. All Western crafts in the field of scramjet 2000-x and later have the same design and drawbacks as their progenitor - the domestic engine of the Cold 1998 of the year.

                    The uniqueness of Zircon is not in the rocket body, but in the engine, more precisely, in its combustion chamber.
  16. gridasov
    gridasov 12 March 2019 14: 33
    0
    Nothing unusual happens. Banal catch-ups. Russia proposed planning technologies as part of its potential achievements. And there is a very big question about the real effectiveness of such a medium. The Americans, in the absence of their fundamental ideas, repeat the Russian ones. Everything as usual .
  17. Lapunevsky
    Lapunevsky April 30 2019 02: 10
    0
    All right, now the United States, China and Russia have decided to take bodies seriously, the arms race takes acceleration. Here are just two of the bodhalschik, everything is fine with the economy, they occupy the first two lines, but the third one - Russia has serious problems with the economy.