Military Review

Philippines demands reconsideration of mutual defense treaty with USA

The Philippines is demanding a review of the mutual defense treaty with the United States. The defense secretary fears that the country may be drawn into a conflict with China, while receiving nothing in return from the United States.

According to Manila, America will almost certainly be drawn into a conflict in the South China Sea. At the same time, the Philippines may also be involved in hostilities under the mutual defense treaty concluded in 1951.

Defense Minister Delfin Lorentzana said the treaty needed to be revised to eliminate ambiguities that could lead to chaos and confusion during a crisis. He referred to the aggressive seizure by China in the middle of the 1990-ies of the reef, which Manila considers its territory, saying: "The United States did not stop the seizure."

The Philippine proposal to revise the treaty was one of the key topics discussed during the short visit of US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to Manila, during which the representative of the United States met with President Rodrigo Duterte and other officials.

The treaty behind one of the oldest alliances in Asia calls on the United States and the Philippines to act as guarantors of each other’s security against external attack. In the past, the Philippines tried to figure out whether this treaty would apply if its forces were attacked in a disputed region such as the South China Sea, where it was dragged into a series of tense territorial conflicts with China and four other governments.

During his visit, Pompeo assured the Philippines that America would defend her if her armed forces, aircraft or ships were attacked in this region. This was the first public statement of this kind.

A senior American diplomat assured that the United States is committed to ensuring the status of the South China Sea as open to all types of shipping and that "China does not pose a threat" for closing disputed sea routes.

Lorentzana is confident that the American forces that strengthened the so-called “patrolling of freedom of navigation” on a strategic waterway are more likely to be involved in an armed conflict than the Philippines, who will not involve any country in the war for the disputed territories.

In this case, and on the basis of the Treaty on Mutual Defense, the Philippines will automatically be involved in the conflict. We will be drawn into a war that we do not seek and do not want

- said Lorenzana.

The disputed territory is a key irritant between Washington and Beijing, which has turned several controversial barren reefs into strongholds with runways and other military targets. The United States stated that the peaceful settlement of disputes, as well as freedom of navigation and overflight in the contested areas, is in the national interest of the United States.

Philippine officials have stated that, starting in 2017, China has deployed reconnaissance vessels to three newly emerged sand banks called Sandy Cay near the Titus Reef, trying to prevent them from being captured by the Philippines. The Chinese are blocking Filipino fishermen access to the area.

In addition to China and the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei each have their own overlapping claims in these strategic waters. Recently, US Navy ships traveled close to the islands to "assert freedom of navigation," provoking angry protests from the PRC.
Photos used:
US Navy

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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 6 March 2019 17: 34
    Smart Filipinos understand that they are needed for the United States only as cannon fodder.
    1. ltc35
      ltc35 6 March 2019 17: 41
      Or, as an occasion at the right time. For provocation.
      SERGEY SERGEEVICS 6 March 2019 17: 43
      Woke up after so much time, it was necessary to secure before, and not flirt with the name.
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 6 March 2019 23: 08
        Woke up after so much time, it was necessary to secure before, and not flirt with the name.

        Duterte with mattresses has been butting for years. Not so long ago, the star-striped people in the Philippines even staged an Ishilov hack in order to bring Duterte to order and "mutual understanding". Only now he, having put the bolt on the "hegemon", strongly and firmly enough, thinned out the bearded rabble and went to Moscow to have a cup of tea.
          SERGEY SERGEEVICS 7 March 2019 09: 46
          The Filipinos have correctly understood recently that they are minced for the striped, and they need the territory for military bases, and only after that they began to fight against them (what kind of struggle is that just in words). Before that, oh, how they flirted with the striped.
    3. Kurare
      Kurare 6 March 2019 17: 57
      Quote: Thrifty
      ... they are needed for the USA only as cannon fodder.

      Americans need bases, support points. And so, under any pretext, they will simply throw them.
    4. Guard division of divan troops
      Guard division of divan troops 6 March 2019 17: 59
      Realized late
    5. GibSoN
      GibSoN 6 March 2019 18: 52
      Smart Filipinos understand that they are needed for the United States only as cannon fodder.
      Coment well, just 5 plus! laughing Definitely for China, the Philippines is needed as a place for absolution! And in the Russian Federation, and in general in the Philippines they see only those who are humiliated and in need of help .. Therefore, they are even ready to raise ALL taxes, just to help the unfortunate Philippine authorities.
      You should write history textbooks ...
      1. SASHA OLD
        SASHA OLD 7 March 2019 04: 30
        Quote: GibSoN
        Therefore, they are even ready to raise ALL taxes to help the unfortunate Philippine authorities

        horses were mixed in a bunch, people ...
        did you read the article?
        where do our taxes come from?
        You and under the article about computer games will write about raising taxes?
        and under the article about killer whale migration in the oceans?
        and under an excursion into the history of the times of the Holy Inquisition in Europe too?
        not so it turns out ...
  2. Ferusmag
    Ferusmag 6 March 2019 17: 47
    Hmm ... either they want to knock out preferences, or they can really come to their senses ... and even if they come to their senses, then what? Not an enviable position with them.
  3. Black sniper
    Black sniper 6 March 2019 17: 48
    Pompeo assured the Philippines that America would stand up for her if her armed forces, planes or ships were subjected to armed attack in the region.
    But what about the reef captured by China ??? Not comme il faut to them amers butt with the Chinese Navy.
    1. northern
      northern 6 March 2019 18: 20
      Pompeo assured the Philippines that America would stand up for her

      The United States threw absolutely everyone with whom they agreed on something like that.
      Any agreement with the United States became unilateral over time.
  4. Humpty
    Humpty 6 March 2019 17: 48
    Someone joked on the net that the time was not far off when American ships would request a Chinese pilot to enter the Pacific Ocean. This may not be a joke at all.
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 6 March 2019 17: 51
      Humpty hi -Only the Americans need to learn the Chinese language for this, because the Chinese will send banter for the sake of the pilot, without knowledge of foreign languages, except obscene. ..
      1. widower
        widower 6 March 2019 18: 46
        Quote: Thrifty
        pilot, without knowledge of foreign languages, except obscene.

        Well, this is only Russian lol
  5. bone1
    bone1 6 March 2019 19: 07
    The Filipinos realized that when the states begin to wet, and they also risk raking laughing -Why demand a revision of the contract? -Philippines is an independent country? -Do not like the contract-go out.
    1. 2329 Carpenter
      2329 Carpenter 6 March 2019 19: 32
      Duterte has quieted down in recent times.
      Yes, everything is as always: they will throw a couple of lards to the Filipinos, and again they will have a freundshaft with a brudershaft.
      Whatever one may say, the geography of the islands in the strategic plan is simply wonderful.
      States are unlikely to miss this.
      1. bone1
        bone1 6 March 2019 19: 34
        This is understandable, then there is nothing clever to make of oneself.
  6. Nitochkin
    Nitochkin 6 March 2019 20: 35
    Yes, nothing Filipinos fuss, the time is now that any contract can be used as toilet paper. You can find a thousand and one reasons to do this.
  7. bmv04636
    bmv04636 6 March 2019 21: 16
    But should Filipinos not follow the example of a white gentleman that doesn’t like it in the firebox and that’s it.