Military Review

Anti-tank robot MBDA / Milrem Anti-Tank UGV

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At the recent IDEX-2019 exhibition in the United Arab Emirates, for the first time, several samples of various types of military equipment were shown, including advanced unmanned vehicles. An interesting development in this area was demonstrated by the European companies MBDA and Milrem Robotics. Based on existing and well-known components, they created an anti-tank robotic complex / unmanned ground vehicle. It is alleged that this is the first in the world RTK / BNA, created specifically to combat enemy armored vehicles.


The joint work of the two European organizations was announced last year, during the Eurosatory-2018 exhibition. At this event, the European company MBDA and the Estonian Milrem Robotics spoke about their plans to create a new project of unmanned vehicles. The companies planned to combine existing developments in a new project, which should have produced interesting results. It was last year that the new development was named the first of its kind.


The appearance of the robotic complex, published last year


A joint project has no name yet. In official materials, he still carries the simplest name of Anti-Tank UGV - “Anti-Tank BNA”. Perhaps your own designation will appear later.

The project is based on a fairly simple idea. Estonian designers offered their multi-purpose unmanned tracked chassis THeMIS, capable of carrying various weapons or systems. The new project on this machine is proposed to mount the IMPACT combat module from MBDA. By connecting the two finished products creates a full-fledged remotely controlled combat vehicle designed to combat armored vehicles.

Milrem THeMIS chassis

The mobility of the new BNA / RTK is provided by the THeMIS multi-purpose tracked chassis (Tracked Hybrid Modular Infantry System - “Tracked Hybrid Modular Infantry System”). This product was originally developed as a self-propelled platform with a remote control capable of carrying various payloads. In the case of the last joint project, a combat module with rocket-machine guns is used as a load.

The THeMIS product has a curious architecture. It consists of two lateral bodies with elements of a running gear and the central platform. It is noteworthy that all the main components and assemblies are located in the side housings and most of them are located inside the tracks. The load platform has no internal volumes. This layout simplifies the installation of a payload, including military equipment.


Multi-purpose chassis Milrem THeMIS on the ground


The THeMIS chassis has a hybrid diesel-electric powerplant. Inside the hulls are traction motors that are responsible for the rewinding of the tracks. The right chassis housing holds a compact diesel generator of unnamed power. In the left half of the product is the battery pack. Depending on the current need, the elements of such a power plant can be used together or separately. So, when using diesel and batteries, the chassis continuous operation time reaches 10 h. If only batteries are used, this parameter is reduced to 1-1,5 h.

The chassis of each unit has six small road wheels with a soft suspension, as well as larger guide and drive wheels. Rubber track covers main body. Above it is fixed a small nadgusenichnaya shelf with part of the instruments and equipment.

The Milrem THeMIS chassis without a payload has a length of 2,4 m with a width of 2 m and a height of 1,11 m. The car accelerates to 60 km / h. The range and range depend on various parameters.

On the central platform of the chassis can be installed various devices, devices and weapons. Earlier, the exhibitions demonstrated a robotic complex with machine-gun armament and an optical-electronic unit. Also on the basis of the existing chassis, you can build reconnaissance, transport and other VNA. The promotional materials from the developer organization feature 12 variants of military equipment based on THeMIS.

MBDA IMPACT Battle Module

In a joint project of Anti-Tank UGV, the MBDA IMPACT combat module (Integrated MMP Precision Attack Combat Turret - “Combat turret for accurate attacks with integrated MMP) was used as a payload. This product can be used on different carriers, and the Estonian unmanned chassis is playing the role in this project.


Variants of technology on the chassis THeMIS


Directly on the central platform of the chassis, a rotary support device of the combat module was installed. Due to the correct installation of the aggregates, the main devices of the IMPACT module are higher than the tracks and can be guided in any direction. The central unit of the module is placed on the turntable, on the sides of which the weapons and the necessary equipment are mounted.

On the starboard side, the installation of a light armored hull, containing two transport-launch containers with missiles, is envisaged. On the left there is a protected block of opto-electronic equipment for searching targets and targeting, as well as a machine gun installation. Rockets and machine guns can be induced in a vertical plane, but use separate drives for this. Optics during operation does not move.

The main armament of the IMPACT module is guided anti-tank missiles MBDA MMP (Missile Moyenne Portée - "Medium Range Missile"). Two TPK with such missiles are mounted on the side launcher of the module for firing into the forward hemisphere. The rocket container is 1,3 m long and weighs 15 kg. For control of rockets, standard optical devices and other devices mounted inside the module are used.

The MMP rocket is built on the basis of a cylindrical body with a diameter of 140 mm in a normal aerodynamic configuration with two sets of folding X-shaped planes. The head of the body is given under the infrared / television homing head and autopilot. In the center there is a tandem cumulative warhead and a dual-mode solid propellant engine. The tail compartment is given under the control equipment and the coil with optical fiber for connection with the launcher. The MMP missile is capable of striking enemy armored objects at distances up to 4 km and penetrating more than 1000 mm of homogeneous armor behind dynamic defense.


Rocket MBDA MMP in the assembly shop


Guidance is carried out using an optical homing system capable of operating in the “started-forgot” mode. Having a connection with the launcher allows you to capture the target not only before launch, but also during the flight. In the latter case, the missile is redirected after exiting the TPC. The operator of the complex can also choose a flight profile: low-altitude with an attack of the visible projection of the target or a high trajectory with a blow to the roof.

Having your own set of optics on the launcher and the rocket increases the effectiveness of anti-tank systems. The use of the cable line, in turn, eliminates the loss of communication due to the use of electronic warfare by the enemy. The operator can make adjustments until the missile hits the target, helping the automation.

As a means of self-defense, the MBDA IMPACT combat module carries a rifle caliber machine gun. It is curious that the combat module for the recent exhibition was equipped with a PKT machine gun. Perhaps the type of small weapons for the new RTC can be determined by the customer.

First in its class?

To date, MBDA and Milrem Robotics have built at least one prototype of a promising anti-tank unmanned ground vehicle. This prototype was shown at a recent exhibition, and now it must pass the necessary tests. In the near future, orders for serial equipment are expected.


A full-scale sample of anti-tank RTK at the IDEX-2019 exhibition. Missile armor cover is open


It should be noted that the main components of the anti-tank RTK / BNA have already passed the necessary tests. Moreover, the anti-tank missile system MMP has recently confirmed its characteristics and was adopted by the French. Now it is necessary to carry out the full volume of tests of the whole complex in finished form and check the interaction of its individual components. According to the results of such tests, an unmanned vehicle can be offered to customers.

Product MBDA / Milrem Anti-Tank UGV is called the first in the world BNA, designed specifically to combat armored vehicles. Probably, such a definition is offered exclusively for promotional purposes and does not quite reflect the real state of affairs. To date, a large number of RTKs with anti-tank rocket or grenade launchers have been created in different countries. However, most of these samples of missiles or grenade launchers are auxiliary weapons. New European development, in turn, carries the MMP as the main weapon.

In the presented form, the new VNA is of particular interest both from a technical and commercial point of view. The project is based on a proposal to use several already known and tested samples, which together form the original combat vehicle. The result of such a combination of components can not fail to attract attention. Nevertheless, we should not forget that such projects are developing not only MBDA and Milrem Robotics. Many enterprises are now engaged in the creation of multi-purpose modular RTK, and in this respect Anti-Tank UGV is just another development of its class.

The proposed model combines a modern anti-tank missile system and a multi-purpose chassis with high performance, provided by a hybrid power plant. All this can be a good competitive advantage in the fight for contracts. At the same time, a potential customer can purchase not only ready-made anti-tank BNA / RTK, but also their individual components. IMPACT combat modules and the THeMIS chassis can be used not only together. Due to this, the customer can get benefits associated with the unifications of weapons and equipment.


Rear view


However, it should be borne in mind that the new development from MBDA and Milrem Robotics will have to face tough competition. The market of unmanned ground-based vehicles for various purposes is actively developing, and new participants and samples constantly appear on it. Any new development applying for contracts has to prove its potential. “First-of-its-kind” statements are not a real argument.

It is expected that the further fate of the original anti-tank RTK from European manufacturers will be known soon. Last year, the basic information on this project was presented, and potential buyers were able to evaluate the novelty before its appearance. At the recent exhibition IDEX-2019 for the first time showed a full-scale sample of the complex, and future customers were able to re-evaluate the project, as well as draw new conclusions.

If the new RTK / BNA could interest the military from one country or another - in the near future there may be news about negotiations and preparation for signing a contract. However, a negative scenario is also possible: the novelty will continue to be taken to exhibitions, but it will not be able to take its place in the market. While it is impossible to say with certainty which of the scenarios is more likely.

At the moment, only one thing is clear. Two European companies with serious experience in their fields combined several existing developments and created a promising robotic complex with a special specialization. How the project will continue to develop, and whether it will be able to become the subject of new contracts, time will tell.

On the materials of the sites:
https://mbda-systems.com/
https://milremrobotics.com/
https://army-technology.com/
https://janes.com/
Author:
Photos used:
MBDA Systems / mbda-systems.com, Milrem Robotics / milremrobotics.com
28 comments
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  1. mashinist
    mashinist 27 February 2019 06: 13
    +2
    and you laugh from the Balts, and they turn out to be serious guys
    1. Samen
      Samen 27 February 2019 11: 54
      0
      they turn out to be serious guys

      Serious. Here are just the slow ones:
      The car speeds up to 20 km / h.

      I admit, I can sneak up ... I’m unlikely to escape from the battlefield after a shot ...
      Disposable unit.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 27 February 2019 12: 51
        0
        Quote: Semen
        I can sneak up, I suppose ...

        They will not "sneak", the tanks will drive up by themselves.

        Quote: Semen
        Run away from the battlefield after a shot

        And they won’t run away either. Except for the reload point.
        1. brn521
          brn521 27 February 2019 15: 27
          0
          Quote: Spade
          They will not "sneak", the tanks will drive up by themselves.

          Quote: Spade
          And they won’t run away either. Except for the reload point.

          Why then declared 10 hours of travel in the diesel-generator version?
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 27 February 2019 15: 41
            +1
            Quote: brn521
            Why then declared 10 hours of travel in the diesel-generator version?

            This is a universal platform, they will not cut the built-in tanks for the sake of no one knows what.

            Put, for example, three or four of these cars on a truck with a multielevator. Plus a machine for transporting a control point, plus a machine for transporting a missile defense and organizing an ammunition point. Get a PT platoon
            1. brn521
              brn521 28 February 2019 11: 31
              0
              Quote: Spade
              Put, for example, three or four of these cars on a truck with a multielevator. Plus a machine for transporting a control point, plus a machine for transporting a missile defense and organizing an ammunition point. Get a PT platoon

              The mobile platform weighs 1,5 tons. This is with a mass of one missile container of 15 kg - such a missile can be launched from hand. And the platform stands for sure hts = ut oh not like this truck with a multielevator. If it is assumed that these machines will be tied to the database, then why such difficulties? Excess weight and cost overruns. 10 hours of autonomous progress is just in order to untie the launch from the base, then the costs of the platform and its transportation will at least somehow pay off.
              1. Lopatov
                Lopatov 28 February 2019 12: 31
                0
                It is cheaper than four SPTRK, while safer for calculations
                1. brn521
                  brn521 28 February 2019 16: 28
                  0
                  Quote: Spade
                  It's cheaper than four SPTRK

                  Not sure. Not that class in armament. In addition, it is necessary to carry on calculations, and provision for them. SPTRK carries all at once. Moreover, with heavier weapons (containers with supersonic missiles under 50 kg), with ammunition from several types of missiles and with automatic reloading. Plus, a high cross and the ability to break through the undergrowth and young plantings. Plus the ability to swim. And here are 15 kg containers in total. And for their sake to carry heavy units of 1,5 tons? In general, the picture is not clear. To hunt savages? So they don’t have tanks. Partisan yourself? Then it’s easier to carry these containers on yourself, taking additional people into account. They will pass where no platform will crawl through.
            2. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 28 February 2019 13: 27
              +1
              "They will put, for example, three or four of these cars on a truck with a multi-lift" ////
              ----
              I totally agree. Better, not a truck, but a tracked unarmored tractor. And another tracked armored personnel carrier for operators and repair technicians. It will turn out, as you wrote, a very effective anti-tank platoon.
              1. brn521
                brn521 28 February 2019 16: 32
                0
                Quote: voyaka uh
                Better, not a truck, but a tracked unarmored tractor. And another tracked armored personnel carrier for operators and repair technicians.

                Total 2 cars. And four mobile platforms with a total net weight of 6 tons. For the sake of 16 rockets. Isn’t it easier to attach these missiles directly to cars, and not to mobile platforms?
                1. voyaka uh
                  voyaka uh 28 February 2019 17: 43
                  +1
                  Mobile platforms advance independently a couple of kilometers ahead in a tank-dangerous direction. And the operators are sitting in shelters behind in relative safety. Tractors leave even further back and hide.
                  These platforms are low and inconspicuous among Estonians. Ordinary rocket machines are noticeable and vulnerable. When hit from a tank, both people and missiles will die.
                  1. brn521
                    brn521 1 March 2019 12: 03
                    0
                    Quote: voyaka uh
                    Mobile platforms advance independently a couple of kilometers ahead in a tank-dangerous direction.

                    Clearly, the Israeli theme. Which, however, is relevant in other contemporary local conflicts. A handful of military professionals to be protected. Technically backward adversary, whom the international political situation does not allow to tumble down properly. Accepted. Thank.
                    1. Vladimir 5
                      Vladimir 5 26 May 2019 10: 34
                      0
                      brn521 .. You slightly underestimate the possibility of using such "disposable" units as the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in comparison with the cost of a modern tank and its crew ... Yes, the loss of even a dozen of the Ministry of Internal Affairs will be justified if one tank or other armored vehicles are destroyed on the battlefield .. the concept is very promising, it's not time for us to "rip off" (with the help of SVR and others) such and put it into series with our additives ...
  2. g1washntwn
    g1washntwn 27 February 2019 06: 50
    0
    Chassis and combat module separately. Two operators, each on its own channel, or is there a single PU?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 February 2019 07: 45
      +1
      Quote: g1washntwn
      Two operators, each on its own channel

      What for? Such systems either ride or shoot.
      1. g1washntwn
        g1washntwn 27 February 2019 07: 58
        0
        Since the MBDA website shows that MMA is universal for any platform, which means it has its own PU (photo from mbda-systems):

        THeMIS is also a universal platform.
        I will ask differently. Two "playstations" (one joystick per platform and combat module), or one?
        IMHO, the control panel for the platform operator and the MMA control panel are separate. The "crew" is controlled by the driver and the gunner separately.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 February 2019 08: 02
          0
          Quote: g1washntwn
          I will ask differently. Two "playstations" (one joystick per platform and combat module), or one?

          Now most likely two. Further, the customer will determine. If he plans to remove the combat module, then two remotes, if not, a more convenient option with one.
  3. riwas
    riwas 27 February 2019 07: 40
    0
    Such a machine is shot by 30-mm, 57-mm guns or destroyed using a small strike UAV. You can use cheap anti-tank systems.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 February 2019 07: 51
      +2
      Quote: riwas
      Such a machine is fired by 30 mm, 57 mm guns

      They won’t get it.
      You understand, anti-tankists are not at all a guerrilla in the style of ISIS and the Syrian "democrats"

      Quote: riwas
      or destroyed by a small strike UAV.

      The deployment deployment line of the unit is always well covered by air defense systems of the battlefield

      Quote: riwas
      You can use cheap anti-tank systems.

      Can. I would turn to the Belarusians in the place of the Baltic states, and set up a second-generation complex with laser-beam control
      1. riwas
        riwas 27 February 2019 07: 59
        0
        The 57-mm gun covers the range of the MMR (4 km), if it comes closer, which is not uncommon in combat conditions, the 30-mm gun will come down
        Quote: Spade
        The deployment deployment line of the unit is always well covered by air defense systems of the battlefield

        If you follow your logic, then the barrage of ammunition - nothing.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 27 February 2019 08: 03
          0
          Quote: riwas
          If you follow your logic, then the barrage of ammunition - nothing.

          I’ve been talking about this for a long time.

          Quote: riwas
          57-mm gun covers the range of the MMR (4 km),

          8))))) Well, if you let the entire bookmaker hit the "robot", then there is a chance that they will get hit. But most likely the annoying shooter will slam another installation much earlier.
          1. riwas
            riwas 27 February 2019 08: 07
            0
            One of the Israeli patrolling ammunition destroyed the Pantsir-S1 air defense missile system.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 27 February 2019 08: 12
              0
              Quote: riwas
              One of the Israeli patrolling ammunition destroyed the Pantsir-S1 air defense missile system.

              So what?
              Why not remember another experience? For example, a fairly effective defense against UAVs for both ours and the Americans, or the destruction of the Israeli control centers for "drones"?
        2. Vadim237
          Vadim237 27 February 2019 19: 21
          0
          In recent tests, the rocket showed a launch range of 5100 meters.
  4. Horse, people and soul
    Horse, people and soul 27 February 2019 18: 28
    +2
    This product can be used on different media, and in the new project, an Estonian unmanned chassis plays this role.


    On the Narva Tallinn highway, speed bumps have already been laid against Russian tanks and the Estonian Defense Forces have plans in the event of an attack by the Russian army to turn out all the light bulbs from the green traffic lights.

    Madhouse ...

    wassat
    1. swnvaleria
      swnvaleria 27 February 2019 22: 40
      0
      yeah, turn out the green bulbs and screw the blue so that any normal peasant would not want to go into the country with the wrong orientation
      1. Horse, people and soul
        Horse, people and soul 27 February 2019 22: 48
        +1
        The Swedes did just that.
  5. riwas
    riwas 30 March 2019 09: 03
    +1
    In addition to the standard 57-mm shells from the S-60 automatic anti-aircraft gun, the fragmentation tracer OR-281U and the armor-piercing BR-281U, the ZSU arsenal includes a multifunctional projectile with a remote fuse and guided artillery shell.
    https://lenta.ru/news/2019/03/21/derivatsiyapvo/