Military Review

How Georgia tried to seize Sochi

31
100 years ago, in February 1919, the White Guards defeated the Georgian army. The newly formed Georgian state, created on the ruins of the Russian Empire, actively expanded its territory at the expense of its neighbors and tried to seize Sochi and Tuapse. However, Denikin’s army repulsed the aggressors.


It should be noted that the collapse of Great Russia (the Russian Empire, the USSR) caused similar phenomena in the North and South Caucasus. This is the heyday of the wildest nationalism, jihadism, banditry, conflicts between neighboring ethnic groups on religious, national grounds, due to economic reasons and disputed territories. Hate for yesterday’s “elder brother” - Russian, Soviet “colonialist occupiers” - is also flourishing. The newly formed republics are trying with all their might to secede from Russia, the Russians, to forget about the common history and common successes, victories, and immediately begin to fall into dependence on external forces - Turkey, Germany, England, and the USA.

Although it was the Russians who brought peace to the Caucasus, the Caucasian peoples were protected from external aggression and the threat of genocide by regional powers such as Iran and Turkey. The Russians brought a higher level of civilization to the Caucasus, caused an accelerated growth of spiritual and material culture. Unfortunately, during the turmoil all this is forgotten, only historical insults are remembered, often false, exaggerated. To the top, people who lead anti-Russian policies are making their way, thereby destroying the future of their peoples.

prehistory

The 1917 revolution of the year led to the collapse of the Russian Empire. On the territory of the South Caucasus (Transcaucasia), state entities were created. The Transcaucasian Commissariat, the coalition government created in Tiflis with the participation of the Georgian Social Democrats (Mensheviks), Social Revolutionaries, Armenian Dashnaks and Azerbaijani Musavatists, took over the power in the territory of the Transcaucasus in November 1917. That is, among the political forces dominated by the Social Democrats and nationalists. The Transcaucasian Commissariat was hostile to Soviet Russia and the Bolshevik Party, fearing that they would restore the unity of Russia, which would lead to the collapse of local political forces.

The Russian Caucasian front, which had long held back the enemy, collapsed, the Russian soldiers for the most part began to go home. Turkey, waiting for a favorable moment, as it seemed to the Turkish military and political leadership, launched an invasion in February 1918 of February with the aim of returning the previously lost territories and occupying a significant part of the Caucasus. In February, the Transcaucasian Seym was convened in Tiflis, at which a heated discussion about the future of Transcaucasia flared up. Armenians offered to leave Transcaucasia as part of Russia on the rights of autonomy, divided into national regions, and in relations with Turkey - to speak for self-determination of Western Armenia (it was occupied by the Ottomans for a long time). The Muslim (Azerbaijani) delegation advocated independence and peace with Turkey, in fact, Azerbaijani politicians for the most part had a pro-Turkish orientation. Georgians supported the course of independence. In the meantime, while politicians were arguing, Turkish troops seized one city after another. They were resisted only by Armenian detachments and Russian volunteers. And the armed Muslim groups began to act on the side of the Turks.

Berlin, concerned about the agility of its Turkish ally and having its plans for the future of Transcaucasia, pressed its partner. Istanbul, which fell into complete military-economic dependence on Germany during the war, gave way. In April, 1918, the German and Ottoman empires signed in Constantinople a secret agreement on the division of spheres of influence. Azerbaijan and the territories occupied by Turkish troops in Armenia (most of Armenia) and Georgia went to Turkey, the rest of the land to Germany. In addition, Berlin was also interested in the Baku oil fields and planned to get to Baku through Georgia. The British from Enzeli (Persia) also aimed there.

In May, the first German troops arrived in Georgia. In the same month, the Transcaucasian Seim collapsed - Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia declared their independence. Georgia focused on Germany and pursued a frankly anti-Russian, Russophobic policy. On June 4, an agreement was signed in Batumi, according to which Georgia renounced claims to Adjaria with a predominantly Muslim population, as well as the cities of Ardahan, Artvin, Akhaltsikhe and Akhalkalaki. The Georgian government tried to compensate for this loss by seizing territories from its neighbors, in particular, Russia and Armenia. The Georgians blocked the border with Armenia, not letting food go to the starving "fraternal Christian" people. They quickly seized all the disputed lands and declared that under these conditions the Armenians would not be able to create a viable state, and they need to strengthen Georgia by forming a single strong Christian state in the Caucasus, which with the help of the Germans will maintain independence.

Azerbaijan, with its capital in Ganja, found itself under the Musavat (Equality) party with a strong Pan-Turkist bias and became a protectorate of Turkey. A general Turkish-Azerbaijani Caucasian Islamic army was formed under the command of the Turkish commander Nuri Pasha. The Islamic army fought against the Armenians, launched an offensive against Baku, where the Bolsheviks and Armenian troops (Dashnaks) were stationed. Baku oil attracted the Turks, like other players, like the British. The Turks also planned to seize Dagestan and other areas of the North Caucasus. 15 September 1918 Turkish-Azerbaijani troops occupied Baku, in October - Derbent.

The Armenians, who lost the most from the collapse of the Russian Empire and the Turkish intervention, found themselves in the ring of enemies. Georgia was hostile. Turkey and Azerbaijan are outspoken enemies who tried to completely destroy Armenia. Armenian partisan detachments stopped the Turks just a few kilometers from Erivan. In the course of this fierce confrontation, Armenia became a small mountainous region around the city of Erivan and Echmiadzin, including Novobayazetsky district and part of the Alexandropol district. At the same time, this small area was packed with hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing the massacre by the Turks and gangs. In addition, there was a separate Armenian region - Zangezur, under the leadership of General Andranik Ozanyan, who did not recognize peace with Turkey, who cut off the territory of Armenia to 10 - 12 thousand km². His troops fought cruelly against the Turks and local Muslims in the area of ​​Zangezur and Karabakh. Only stubborn resistance and the defeat of Turkey in the world war saved Armenia and the Armenian people from total destruction and the threat of genocide. In November, the Armenians returned Karaklis, in early December - Alexandropol. In the spring of 1919, the Armenians reached the old Russian-Turkish border 1914 year.

How Georgia tried to seize Sochi

Georgia celebrates the first anniversary of its independence. Jordania, Mdivani, Tsereteli, Kahiani, Lordkipanidze, Takaishvili and foreign guests in the stands. May 1919 of the year

Georgian Expansion

The first government of the Georgian Democratic Republic was headed by the Menshevik Noah Ramishvili. The government included social democrats (Mensheviks), federalist socialists and national democrats. In the next government, which was headed by the Menshevik Noah Zhordania, only the Social Democrats remained. At the same time, the government included people who were previously politicians of all-Russian significance, organizers of the Russian Revolution, such as Minister of the Provisional Government Irakli Tsereteli, Chairman of the Petrograd Soviet Nikolai Chkheidze.

The Georgian Mensheviks took a sharply anti-Soviet stance and pursued an aggressive policy. The support of Germany opened up the opportunity for Georgia to compensate for territorial losses on the border with Turkey at the expense of land on the Black Sea coast. In Georgia, the People’s Guard detachments of about 10 thousand people began to be formed under the command of Dzhugeli. Then the formation of the Georgian army took up Lieutenant Colonel of the Russian Tsarist Army Georgy Mazniyev (Mazniashvili). Georgia began to round off its possessions at the expense of Ossetians, Lezgins, Ajarians, Muslims (they were then called in the Caucasus as "Tatars"), Armenians. As a result, national minorities constituted more than half of the population of the new-baked state.

In April 1918, the Bolsheviks established control over Abkhazia. In May, the 1918 of the year Georgian troops attacked the Reds and captured Sukhumi. Georgia took control of Abkhazia. General Mazniyev was appointed Governor-General of Abkhazia, crushed Bolshevik resistance. The Abkhaz National Council, in order to overthrow the power of the Georgians, decided to ask for help from Turkey. In response, the Georgian authorities dispersed the Abkhaz Council. In the summer of 1918, the Georgian troops launched an offensive on the Sochi area. The Georgian leadership has chosen a convenient moment to strike. The Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic at that moment was under attack by the army of Denikin (the Second Kuban campaign) and was shackled by the struggle against the insurgent Kuban Cossacks. In addition, the local population, angry with the policy of the Bolsheviks, initially supported the Georgians. 3 July 1918, the Georgian troops under the command of Mazniev seized Gagra, Adler, 5 July - entered Sochi. Then, after a series of battles, having beaten off attempts by the Reds to counterattack, the Georgians occupied 27 on July Tuapse.

Thus, by September 1918, the entire Black Sea area was occupied and declared “temporarily attached to Georgia”. The Georgian authorities substantiated their claims by the fact that these lands were under the control of medieval “Greater Georgia” (King David the Builder and Queen Tamara the Great). True, the “liberators” in the Sochi district behaved like robbers and marauders. State property was plundered, even the rails of the Tuapse road, hospital equipment, cattle were stolen, etc.

It is worth noting that the most severe regime was established for the Georgian Republic against the Russians. In Armenia, Russians were treated well, they valued Russian specialists, especially the military. They were looking for contacts with Soviet and white Russia, most of them understood that without Russia, Armenia would perish. The Azerbaijani government, despite the apparent pan-Turkism and orientation towards Turkey, was tolerant of Russians. The young republic, poor in cultural, educated cadres, needed Russians for development. In Georgia, it was the opposite. Although the power in the republic was seized by former famous Russian politicians, members of the State Duma, the most prominent organizers of the February Revolution, the creators of the Provisional Government and the second center of power - the Petrograd Soviet, the February revolutionaries. However, the Russian Mensheviks Tsereteli, Chkheidze, Zhordania turned out to be, in fact, avid nationalists. They sowed hatred for everything Russian. In this regard, they were allies of the Ukrainian Social Democrats, nationalists. Tens of thousands of people - the backbone of the Russian Transcaucasus, were deprived of civil rights, work. Subjected to forced eviction, arrest. They were expelled from Georgia to the ports of the Black Sea or along the Georgian Military Highway.


Georgian General Georgy Ivanovich Mazniyev (Mazniashvili)

Georgian cavalry in 1918 year

Change of patron

After the defeat of the Central Powers in world war, Germany and Turkey withdrew their forces from the Caucasus. The British immediately replaced them. In November 1918, the 5 ths. English detachment of General V. Thomson arrived in Baku. At the end of 1918, the British occupied other strategic points of the Caucasus: Tbilisi, Batumi, controlled the Transcaucasian railway. The number of British army in the whole of Transcaucasia reached 60 thousand people, in Georgia - about 25 thousand soldiers. The British immediately established the export of oil and kerosene from Baku, manganese - from Georgia.

British policy was ambivalent, hypocritical. According to the principle of "divide and conquer." With one hand, London supported the Transcaucasian state formations, their striving for "independence", which from the very beginning was illusory. Since the "dependence" on Russia immediately changed to German-Turkish, and then British. The dismemberment of the Russian civilization, and the Caucasus is the Russian suburbs, its natural southern defensive line, for which the Russians paid with great blood and made great efforts to develop the region, is the strategic goal of England.

With the other hand, the British supported the army of Denikin in the fight against the Bolsheviks, by all means fomenting the fratricidal war in Russia. At the same time, the white government adhered to the principle of “united and indivisible” Russia, that is, refused to recognize the independence of Georgia and other Transcaucasian formations. Denikin proposed an alliance against the Bolsheviks, and after the war a general Constituent Assembly, which should resolve all issues, including territorial ones. In the meantime, Georgia was promised autonomy in the future. Tiflis did not like it. The Georgian government wanted independence, and the creation of "Great Georgia" at the expense of the Russian lands (Sochi), as well as Muslim Georgia (Ajaria), which was taken away by the Turks. Now Turkey was crushed and in chaos, it was possible to feast at its expense.


Demonstration in support of the entry of the Georgian army in Sochi in 1918. Source: https://ru.wikipedia.org

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
Smoot. 1919 year

How the British created the Armed Forces of the South of Russia
How to restore Soviet power in Ukraine
How Petliurists led Little Russia to a complete catastrophe
How defeated Petliurism
Give the boundaries of 1772 of the year!
Battle for the North Caucasus. How to suppress the Terek Uprising
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 2. December battle
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 3. The January accident of the 11 Army
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 4. How the 11 army died
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 5. Capture of Kizlyar and the Terrible
Battle for the North Caucasus. CH 6. Furious assault of Vladikavkaz
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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 19 February 2019 07: 12
    +5
    This did not suit Tiflis. The Georgian government desired independence, and the creation of "Great Georgia" due to Russian lands (Sochi)

    But it received horns from the Russian troops ....

    "Timid Georgians were running away" yes
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 19 February 2019 10: 57
      +6
      Quote: Olgovich
      But it received horns from the Russian troops ....

      So the Georgian army in those parts, EMNIP, got horns from everyone - both from the Reds and from the Whites. The Reds retreated - walked over the Georgians, the whites came - again walked over the Georgians (only the British stopped them). The Reds returned - again walked through the Georgians, and they were so dispersed that they slowed down only in Tbilisi. And this time even the British did not help - Britain took the position of "figure it out yourself."
      An attempt to tear off a piece of land from Russia cost dearly to Georgia.
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 19 February 2019 12: 45
        0
        The Britons are experienced colonizers and know very well when to intervene and when to sit on the sidelines. "We have no leisure to interfere", but if the card goes differently, then they are right there: "the children are playing pranks, but we came to look after" this is how they position their behavior
  2. Lamatinets
    Lamatinets 19 February 2019 07: 20
    +2
    Thank you for the article. In my opinion, the policy of the Republic of Ingushetia in relation to the national suburbs was extremely liberal, it was necessary to slaughter everyone in a row, in general, to be cruel, as a Spaniard, or, on the contrary, liberal. however, like the USSR, and we didn’t cut it, we didn’t rob the invaders anyway, it would be better to be bloody.
    1. AllXVahhaB
      AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 09: 36
      +1
      Quote: Lamatinets
      and since we didn’t cut, we did not plunder the invaders anyway, so it would be better to be bloody.

      So Skobelev, at one time not a little cut in Turkestan ...
      1. Lamatinets
        Lamatinets 19 February 2019 09: 40
        +3
        Yes, during the assault on Geok-Tepe and Ashgabat, he gave the cities for robbery to his soldiers for three days, because if they did not rob, they would not understand, as if they had not conquered. Incidentally, I served 20 km from Geok Tepe, a terrible hole
        1. AllXVahhaB
          AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 12: 05
          +8
          Quote: Lamatinets
          Yes, during the assault on Geok-Tepe and Ashgabat, he gave the cities for robbery to his soldiers for three days, because if they did not rob, they would not understand, as if they had not conquered. Incidentally, I served 20 km from Geok Tepe, a terrible hole

          "I adhere to the principle that the duration of the world is in direct proportion to the carnage that you arrange on the enemy. The more you push them, the longer they sit quietly." M.D. Skobelev
  3. Adjutant
    Adjutant 19 February 2019 08: 00
    +4
    Incidentally, it was on the Georgian front that Bulgakov was, who at that time served in the Armed Forces of the South of Russia
  4. AllXVahhaB
    AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 09: 22
    +2
    24
    A Georgian officer with a young mustache, in a finely tied red Circassian coat, in gold epaulettes, with black almond-shaped eyes, from which (he knew) women were choking, walked around the site of the massif, and occasionally glanced. Trenches, parapets, machine-gun nests.
    In twenty fathoms a steep cliff is inaccessible, under it there is a steep rocky descent, and there is an impenetrable darkness of forests, and beyond the forests there is a rocky gorge, from which a white deserted strip of highway runs out. The guns are hidden there, the enemy is there.
    Around the machine guns the sentries walk measuredly - youthful, with a pin.
    These ragged pigs were given heat this morning, when they tried to lean out on the highway from behind the rocks, they will remember.
    It was he, Colonel Mikheladze (so young and already a colonel!), He chose a position on this pass, insisted on it at the headquarters. The key that locked the coast.
    He again glanced at the site of the massif, at the steep cliff, at the coastal cliffs that plummeted into the sea — yes, everything, as ordered, was piled to stop any army.
    But this is not enough, not enough to let them go - they must be exterminated. And he had already made a plan: to send steamers to their rear, where the highway goes down to the sea, to fire from the sea, to land an assault force, to lock this stinking tear from both ends, and they will die like rats in a mousetrap.
    It is he, Prince Mikheladze, the owner of a small but charming estate near Kutais, who will cut off with one blow the head of a poisonous reptile that crawls along the coast.
    The Russians are the enemies of Georgia, a beautiful, cultural, great Georgia, the same enemies as Armenians, Turks, Azerbaijan, Tatars, Abkhazians. The Bolsheviks are enemies of humanity, enemies of world culture. He, Mikheladze, is a socialist himself, but he ... ("Send something, for this, for the girl, for the Greek? .. No, not ... not standing ... not standing, for the soldiers ..."). ..but he is a true socialist, with a deep understanding of the historical mechanism of events, and the blood enemy of all adventurers, under the guise of socialism, unbridling the most base instincts among the masses.
    He is not bloodthirsty, spilled blood disgusts him, but when the question concerns world culture, concerns the greatness and welfare of his native people, he is merciless, and all of them will be exterminated without a trace.
    He walks around with binoculars, looks at the terrible steepness of the descent, at the darkness of impenetrable forests, at the white strip of highway, winding out from behind the rocks, on which there are no people, at the peaks fading with evening scarlet and he hears silence, the peaceful silence of a softly approaching evening.
    And this harmoniously embracing his beautiful figure of a magnificent Circassian cloth, expensive dagger and revolver, lined with gold with submission, the snow-white father of the only master, the celebrity of the Caucasus, Osman, all this obliges him, obliges him to a feat, to the special thing that he must accomplish; it separates him from everyone - from soldiers who are pulled in front of him, from officers who do not have his experience and knowledge, and when he walks harmoniously, he feels - he carries the burden of his loneliness.
    - Hey!
    A batman runs up, a young Georgian with a wrong-yellow friendly face and with wet-black eyes like those of a colonel, stretches out like a charm, takes him under his visor.
    - What do you want?
    “... This girl ... Greek ... bring ...” But he didn’t utter it, but said, strictly looking:
    - Dinner?
    - Yes sir. Lord officers are waiting.
    The colonel majestically passed the soldiers with thin faces jumping up and stretching into a string: there was no supply - the soldiers received only a handful of corn and were starving. They saluted, seeing them off, and he casually waved a white glove, lightly worn on his fingers. He walked by quietly in the evening, smoking bonfires with a bluish haze, past artillery huts, past pyramids of infantry cover rifles, and entered a long-whitened tent, in which a table dazzled from end to end, filled with bottles, plates, glasses, caviar, cheese, fruit.
    The conversation in groups of the same young officers, also harmoniously tied, in beautiful Circassian style, hastily fell; everyone got up.
    “Please,” said the colonel, and everyone began to take a seat.
    And when he lay down in his tent, his head was pleasantly spinning, and, substituting the foot of the batman, who was pulling off the brilliantly varnished boot, he thought:
    "In vain did not send for a Greek woman ... However, it is good that I did not send ..."
  5. AllXVahhaB
    AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 09: 24
    +1
    25
    The night is so enormous that it swallowed up mountains and rocks, a colossal collapse that lay in front of the massif during the day, in the depths of which there are forests, and now nothing is visible.
    A guard walks around the parapet - the same velvet black as everything in this velvet black. He slowly takes ten steps, turns slowly, walks slowly backward. When it goes in one direction, the outline of a machine gun is dimly visible, when in the other, a rocky cliff is felt, evenly filled with darkness to the very edges. An invisible steep cliff instills a sense of calm and confidence: the lizard will not climb.
    And again ten steps slowly stretch, a slow turn, and again ...
    At home a small garden, a small corn field. Nina, and in her arms is little Sergo. When he left, Sergo looked at him with prune eyes for a long time, then he hopped in his mother’s arms, extended his puffy arms and smiled, blowing bubbles, and smiled with a wonderful toothless mouth. And when his father took it, he snapped his face with cute saliva. And this toothless smile, these bubbles do not fade in the dark.
    Ten slow steps, a vaguely guessed machine gun, a slow turn, a vaguely guessed edge of a steep cliff, again ...
    The Bolsheviks did not do evil to him ... He will shoot at them from this height. A lizard will not slip along the highway ... The Bolsheviks shoved the tsar, and the tsar drank Georgia - very well ... In Russia they say the whole land to peasants ... He sighed. He is mobilized and will shoot, if ordered, at those behind the rocks.
    Not caused by anything, a toothless smile and bubbles pops up, and it warms in the chest, he smiles inwardly, and his face is serious.
    The same silence continues, filled to the brim with darkness. It must have been by dawn - and this silence is falling heavily ... The head is of immeasurable gravity, lower, lower ... Yes, it will rise up at once. Even in the middle of the night, the impenetrable uneven blackness is especially impenetrable - mountains; in the breaks lonely stars twinkle.
    A night bird screamed far and far away. Why haven’t you heard such people in Georgia?
    Everything is heavy, everything immovably and slowly floats towards him with an ocean of darkness, and it is not strange that immovably and irresistibly floats towards him.
    - Nina, you? .. And Sergo? ..
    He opened his eyes, and his head dangles on his chest, and he himself leaned against the parapet. The last seconds of the torn dream slowly sailed before the eyes at night.
    Shook his head, everything froze. He looked suspiciously: the same motionless darkness, the same dimly visible parapet, edge of the cliff, machine gun, dimly felt, but invisible failure. A bird cried far away. There are no such things in Georgia ...
    He looks away. The same broken blackness, and in the kinks the whitened stars, already in a different arrangement, flicker faintly. Right - the ocean of silent darkness, and he knows - at the bottom of his dense forests. Yawns and thinks: “We must walk, and then again ...” - I didn’t think of it, and now again motionless darkness swam out from under a cliff, from a failure, endless and irresistible, and his heart began to gasp for breath.
    He asked:
    “How can the dark night sail?”
    And they answered him:
    "Can".
    Only they answered not in words, but laughed with their gums.
    Because his mouth was toothless and soft, he became scared. He held out his hand, and Nina dropped her baby's head. The gray head rolled (he froze), but stopped at the very edge ... The wife was terrified - ah!., But not from that, but from another horror: in the intense, dawn dusk, a lot of heads turned gray along the edge of the cliff, rolled down ... They all rose: their necks appeared, their arms sagged, their shoulders lifted, and the iron-broken, clanked voice, as if squeezed through the open jaws, broke the stupor and silence:
    - Go ahead! .. attack!
    An unbearably bestial roar blew everything around. The Georgian fired, rolled, and in an inhumanly tearing pain, the man jumping in his arms with outstretched arms went out at once, blowing bubbles at the smiling
    mouth, where some gums, baby.
    The colonel escaped from the tent and rushed down to the port. Around, jumping over stones, over fallen, soldiers flew in the clear dawn. An inhuman, never-heard-roaring roar rolled behind. The horses rushed from the hitching post and raced in horror, chatting in scraps ...
    The colonel, like a frisky boy, jumping over stones, through bushes, rushed with such speed that his heart could not keep up with the beat. One thing stood before my eyes: a bay ... steamboats ... salvation ...
    And with what speed he rushed with his feet, with the same speed - no, not through the brain, but through the whole body - it rushed:
    “... Only b ... only b ... only b ... were not killed ... only b were spared. I’m ready to do everything for them ... I will graze cattle, turkeys ... wash the pots ... dig the earth ... remove the dung ... just use it to live ... just don't use it to kill ... Lord!., Life- that is life ... "
    But this continuous, tremendous stomp rushing terribly close behind, from the sides. Even worse, filling the dying night, madly rolls behind, embracing a wild, inhuman roar: aaaa! .. and selective, hoarse, suffocating curses.
    And in confirmation of the horror of this roar, one can hear it here and there: krrak! .. krrak! .. He understands: with a butt, they break a skull like a shell. Rabbit screams are thrown up, instantly silent, and he understands: this is a bayonet.
    He rushes, gritting his teeth in stone, and burning breath, like steam, escapes from his nostrils.
    “... Only to live ... only to be spared ... I have no homeland, no mother ... no honor, no love ... just leave ... and then it will all be again ... And now - live, live, live ... "
    It seemed that all the forces had been used up, but he strained his neck, pulled his head in, clenched his fists in his dangling hands and rushed with such force that the wind ran towards him, and the insanely running soldiers began to lag behind, and their mortal cries were carried on the wings of the escaping colonel.
    “Krak! .. krrak! ..”
    The bay is blue ... Steamboats ... Oh, salvation! ..
    When he ran to the gangplanks, he stopped for a second: on the steamboats, on the gangplanks, on the embankment, on the jetty, something was being done from everywhere: krrrak! .. krrrak! ..
    He was struck: and here there was an indomitable, startling roar, and rushed: krrak! .. krrak! .. and the death cries flashed and went out.
    He instantly turned and with even greater ease and speed rushed away from the bay, and in the eyes for a moment the endless blue flashed for the last time after the pier ...
    "... Live ... live ... live! .."
    He flew past the white houses, staring silently at the black dumb windows, flew to the edge of the city, to where the highway stretched, so white, so calm, stretched to Georgia. Not to great-power Georgia, not to Georgia, a breeding ground for world culture, not to Georgia, where he was promoted to colonel, but to a sweet, unique, dear, where it smells so wonderful of spring blossoming trees, where snow is ringing in the green forest mountains, where there is ringing heat where Tiflis, Vorontsovskaya, foamy Kura and where he ran as a boy ...
    "... Live ... live ... live! .."
    The houses began to thin out, interrupted by vineyards, and the roar, a terrible roar and single shots remained far back, below, by the sea.
    "Saved !!"
    At that moment all the streets were filled with tremendously heavy lope; around the corner they flew out on galloping horses, and with them the same disgusting, fatal roar rolled: rr-aa ... Narrow stripes of checkers flashed.
    Former Prince Mikheladze, once a Georgian colonel, immediately rushed back.
    "... Save it!"
    And holding his breath, flew down the street to the city center. He hit the gate twice, - the gates and gates were tightly locked with iron bolts, no one showed any signs of life: there it was monstrous what was happening on the street.
    Then he realized: one salvation is Greek. She waits with black-shiny compassionate eyes. She is the only person in the world ... He will marry her, give the property, money, kiss the edge of her clothes ...
    Mr. Tin exploded into small pieces.
    But in fact, not in small parts, but sat down under an obliquely flashing tttattka in two, throwing out brains.
    1. Vodrak
      Vodrak 19 February 2019 11: 03
      0
      Where are the passages from?
      Can I find out the name?
      1. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 11: 04
        +3
        Quote: Vodrak
        Where are the passages from?
        Can I find out the name?

        Serafimovich. "Iron Stream".
        1. AllXVahhaB
          AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 11: 20
          +2
          Quote: AllXVahhaB
          Serafimovich. "Iron Stream".

          By the way, it also fits under the "Five-Day War" ...
          Like Lermontov:
          Standing up on ringing stirrups,
          Nadvuv on his brows pops,
          The brave prince did not say a word;
          The Turkish trunk flashed in his hand,
          Solder click and, like an eagle,
          He rushed ... and shot again!
          And the wild cry and moan deaf
          Sped into the depths of the valley -
          The battle did not last long:
          Timid Georgians fled!
        2. vladcub
          vladcub 19 February 2019 13: 31
          +2
          Well done, remember Serafimovich, and this is very rare
      2. Vodrak
        Vodrak 19 February 2019 11: 43
        0
        Thanks, I will read.
      3. Alex1117
        Alex1117 20 February 2019 06: 13
        +1
        Didn’t you watch the movie of the same name? There, of course, this episode (about the downing of the Georgian barrier) was given shorter, but another scene, no longer connected with the Georgians, the night attack of the entire camp of refugees from Taman against the Cossacks, was shot amazingly.
        1. Vodrak
          Vodrak 20 February 2019 15: 03
          +1
          No, I didn’t die
          1. AllXVahhaB
            AllXVahhaB 22 February 2019 15: 15
            0
            Quote: Alex1117
            Didn’t you watch the movie of the same name? There, of course, this episode (about the downing of the Georgian barrier) was given shorter, but another scene, no longer connected with the Georgians, the night attack of the entire camp of refugees from Taman against the Cossacks, was shot amazingly.

            Quote: Vodrak
            No, I didn’t die

            Incidentally, I also did not look, only read a book. I didn’t even know that there was such a film. I'll see ...
  6. vladcub
    vladcub 19 February 2019 13: 28
    +1
    Quote: Vodrak
    Where are the passages from?
    Can I find out the name?

    Voiced my questions.
  7. vladcub
    vladcub 19 February 2019 13: 37
    +3
    I'll wait for the continuation, but for now the conclusion: you need to know the story better. It concerns ALL.
  8. Astra wild
    Astra wild 19 February 2019 14: 23
    +5
    Quote: AllXVahhaB
    Quote: Lamatinets
    Yes, during the assault on Geok-Tepe and Ashgabat, he gave the cities for robbery to his soldiers for three days, because if they did not rob, they would not understand, as if they had not conquered. Incidentally, I served 20 km from Geok Tepe, a terrible hole

    "I adhere to the principle that the duration of the world is in direct proportion to the carnage that you arrange on the enemy. The more you push them, the longer they sit quietly." M.D. Skobelev

    Although valuable it sounds, but rightly said
  9. Astra wild
    Astra wild 19 February 2019 14: 32
    +2
    Quote: vladcub
    I'll wait for the continuation, but for now the conclusion: you need to know the story better. It concerns ALL.

    I add: we need more understanding and unity, otherwise the spinal neighbors are still strong. Also, Georgia itself or Ukraine is prudent NOW, and what will happen next?
    My grandmother told me that there was such a slogan: "UNITY IS OUR POWER"
    1. AllXVahhaB
      AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 16: 57
      +2
      Quote: Astra wild
      I add: we need more understanding and unity, otherwise the spinal neighbors are still strong. Also, Georgia itself or Ukraine is prudent NOW, and what will happen next?
      My grandmother told me that there was such a slogan: "UNITY IS OUR POWER"

      So there is nothing new! The weak are despised, the strong are feared, and therefore respected! We will be strong, we will pursue our policy purposefully, without regard to "European values" and everything around will "build"! Let us become weak and everything will "flare up"! Like Chechnya in 1995!
      The world does not change!
      What was, it will be; and what has been done will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun.
      There is something that they say: "Look, this is new"; but this was already in the centuries before us.

      (C) Book of Ecclesiastes
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 19 February 2019 18: 19
        0
        But "Holy Scripture" is a wise book. By the way, the Koran also teaches respect for work and elders. Another thing is that they interpret the "sacred texts" to the extent of their knowledge and corruption.
        1. AllXVahhaB
          AllXVahhaB 19 February 2019 18: 24
          +1
          Quote: vladcub
          But "Holy Scripture" is a wise book. By the way, the Koran also teaches respect for work and elders.

          The Koran is nothing more than a "daily routine" schedule ... Do's and don'ts ... There is no philosophy, not even Theosophy ... Acromia of Abrahamic texts ... wink
  10. Karenas
    Karenas 19 February 2019 20: 48
    0
    Armenian partisan detachments stopped the Turks just a few kilometers from Erivan.

    Samsonov, asked a century ago to study topics more carefully :)
    Not "Armenian partisan detachments", but the Armenian army ... which a little earlier issued an ultimatum to the Dashnak elite (of the Zionists, what is the fifth column), which was preparing to meet the Turks with bread and salt and hand them the keys to Yerevan - that the enemy must fight .. But the Zionists are choosing the right personnel for themselves ... as soon as the Armenians, Yezidis and 300 Russian officers (who remained to serve here - not seeing themselves next to the Bolsheviks in their own Russia) stopped the Turkish army in the Sardarapat battle and put the Basurman to flight - an order was sent from Yerevan not to pursue the enemy ...
    During this fierce confrontation, Armenia became a small mountainous region around the city of Erivan and Echmiadzin, including Novobayazetsky district and part of the Alexandropol district.

    But this is a consequence of the fact that our military obeyed politicians (Zionists) and did not cut out the enemy ... And then the whole fifth column had to be reset, which is also the enemy ...
  11. Alex1117
    Alex1117 20 February 2019 06: 27
    -1
    The author writes some strange expressions: "Armenia lost the most from the collapse of the Russian Empire" ???? In the context of the article, it should be understood that from the collapse of the Russian Empire Armenia lost more than Georgia and Azerbaijan.
    But this is complete nonsense. Neither Armenia, nor Georgia, nor Azerbaijan a priori could lose anything from the collapse of our country. And just get it. Since before the collapse of our country, they (Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan) did not exist at all. There were only provinces of our Great Empire. Moreover, in the names of our provinces there was no national color, such as "Kutaisi Georgian province" or "Erivan Armenian province". And it was the collapse of our country that allowed these tribes to create their own states. So, what could they "lose" if before that there was nothing at all ?????
    1. Karenas
      Karenas 20 February 2019 14: 44
      0
      Alex1117, apparently poisoned from his own bile ...

      Well, I still haven’t washed it off from Gorbi’s handshake, it also adds features in the worldview ...
    2. AllXVahhaB
      AllXVahhaB 22 February 2019 15: 25
      0
      Quote: Alex1117
      And it was the collapse of our country that allowed these tribes to create their own states. So, what could they "lose" if before that there was nothing at all ?????

      They lost Lake Van, Mount Ararat, and the entire Armenian Highlands ... Read Pushkin's "Journey to Erzurum" you will understand what they have lost ...
  12. Sergey Oreshin
    Sergey Oreshin 20 February 2019 15: 10
    0
    Quote: Alexey RA
    Quote: Olgovich
    But it received horns from the Russian troops ....

    So the Georgian army in those parts, EMNIP, got horns from everyone - both from the Reds and from the Whites. The Reds retreated - walked over the Georgians, the whites came - again walked over the Georgians (only the British stopped them). The Reds returned - again walked through the Georgians, and they were so dispersed that they slowed down only in Tbilisi. And this time even the British did not help - Britain took the position of "figure it out yourself."
    An attempt to tear off a piece of land from Russia cost dearly to Georgia.

    Quite right, the Taman army in its breakthrough badly battered the Georgian troops. It is described in artistic form by Serafimovich in "Iron Stream". In fact, it was the Tamans who recaptured Tuapse from the Georgians, and was soon occupied by the Whites, who followed them.
  13. Sergey Oreshin
    Sergey Oreshin 20 February 2019 15: 13
    0
    Quote: Lamatinets
    Thank you for the article. In my opinion, the policy of the Republic of Ingushetia in relation to the national suburbs was extremely liberal, it was necessary to slaughter everyone in a row, in general, to be cruel, as a Spaniard, or, on the contrary, liberal. however, like the USSR, and we didn’t cut it, we didn’t rob the invaders anyway, it would be better to be bloody.

    So, after all, Georgians were considered a fraternal, single-faith, Orthodox people, which the Russian Tsar should protect from Muslims (Persians, Turks, Chechens, Dagestanis) and take under his high arm. Actually, in the 19th century, Russia was engaged in this: it saved Orthodox Georgians from destruction and recaptured their lands from Muslims, as a result, for the first time since the 15th century, reuniting all Georgian lands together. The Georgian nobility received all the rights of the Russian nobility and, in general, the Georgians in the Empire were considered completely equal in rights to the Russians.