Military Review

Battle for the North Caucasus. How to suppress the Terek Uprising

72
100 years ago, in February 1919, the battle for the North Caucasus ended. Denikin's army defeated the 11 th Red Army and captured most of the North Caucasus. After completing the campaign in the North Caucasus, the Whites began to deploy troops to the Don and Donbass.


prehistory

In October - November 1918, the whites beat the Reds in extremely stubborn and bloody battles for Armavir and Stavropol (Battle for Armavir; Stavropol battle). The second Kuban campaign was completed for Denikin’s army successfully. Denikinians occupied the Kuban, part of the Black Sea coast, and a significant part of the Stavropol province. We received a strategic foothold and a rear area for further deployment of the White Army and the conduct of hostilities. The main forces of the Red Army in the North Caucasus suffered a heavy defeat.

However, the victory was achieved by the extreme tension of the forces and facilities of the Volunteer Army. Volunteers suffered heavy losses, many units changed their lineup several times. Therefore, White could not continue the offensive and finish off the Reds in the Caucasus. The front stabilized for a while, both sides took a pause, regrouped and reorganized the forces, and filled up troops with the help of mobilizations. Both the red and the white had supply problems, especially the shortage of ammunition. White reformed their infantry divisions in 3 army and 1 equestrian corps under the command of Kazanovich, Borovsky, Lyakhov and Wrangel.

The new commander of the Red Army, after the death of I. Sorokin, was I. Fedko. The Reds reformed all their forces in the 4 Infantry and 1 Cavalry Corps of the 11 Army. The Taman army was incorporated into the 11 of the Red Army as the 1 of the Taman Infantry Corps. The army headquarters was located in Petrovsky, then in Alexandria. The main problem of the Red Army in the North Caucasus was the lack of full-fledged communication with central Russia and communication for supplies. The rear of the 11 Army rested on the Caspian steppe, where there were no developed communications and rear bases. The closest rear base was Astrakhan, where the military road was 400 km long. Communication passed through Georgievsk - the Holy Cross - Yashkul and further to Astrakhan. But to establish a full supply on this road failed. The smaller 12-I Red Army (one Astrakhan division) fought in the eastern part of the North Caucasus against the White and Terek Cossacks Bicherahov. Also, the Reds occupied Vladikavkaz, which linked the 11 and 12 army.

The battle for the eastern part of the Stavropol province

After a short pause, Denikin’s army resumed the offensive. Particularly stubborn fighting began in the area of ​​Beshpagir, Spitsevka and Petrovsky. The 1 Army Corps of Kazanovich (composed of the 1 Division of Kolosovsky, the 1 of the Kuban Pokrovsky Division and the 1 of the Caucasian Cossack Shkuro Division), overcoming the stubborn resistance of the Reds, 24 of November 1918 of the year came to the village of Spitsevka. Then White got stuck and 9 days unsuccessfully attacked the Gudkov group in the Bespagir area.

Meanwhile, Wrangel's cavalry corps (as part of Topkoff's 1 Cavalry Division, Ulagay's 2 Kuban Division, the Tchaikovsky Combined Cavalry Brigade, and Hodkiewicz's 3 Brigade) crossed the Kalaus River and 24 took Petrovskoye on November. On November 25, the Tamans counterattacked and beat out Wrangel from Petrovsky. Heavy fighting went on for several days. Peter several times passed from hand to hand. Wrangel suffered heavy losses, Wrangel’s headquarters itself was nearly captured in Konstantinovsky, during the counterattack of the Reds. Only November 28 could finally take Petrovskoye.

Wrangel threw an 1 Cavalry Division and a Cavalry Brigade under the overall command of Toporkov to aid the corps of Kazanovich. White went to the rear in red. At dawn 5 December, the Wrangers in the Spitsevka area struck a sudden blow at the enemy. The Reds were defeated and fled, having lost up to 2 thousand prisoners, 7 guns, 40 machine guns and a large wagon train. White went to the river Kalaus. Gudkov's group suffered a new defeat, having lost up to 3 thousands of people captives. Red retreated to the area with. Medvedsky and 7 December entrenched there. At the same time, the Tamans again tried to counterattack Petrovsky, but the Topkoff's 1 Cavalry Division were defeated. Wrangel reports on 5 thousand prisoners.

It is worth noting that this time the Red Army in the Caucasus was in poor condition due to mistakes and squabbles of command, constant reorganization and restructuring in conditions of incessant battles, which caused great confusion, confusion in command and control, reduced their combat capability. The fighting qualities of the army dropped sharply due to defeats and losses in the brutal battles for Armavir and Stavropol. The most militant and resilient units were exsanguinated, and emergency mobilization could not quickly rectify the situation, since the replenishment was poorly trained, prepared, and had low motivation. The troops had a poor supply. In the conditions of the beginning of winter, the soldiers experienced a shortage of food and warm clothing. In addition, an epidemic of Spanish and typhus began, it literally devastated the army. On 1 December, there were about 40 thousand patients. The medical staff was sorely lacking, there was no medicine. All the hospitals, train stations, motels and homes were typhoid. A lot of people died.

Defeat of the Terek Uprising

In the course of the Second Kuban campaign, when the main forces of the Red Army in the North Caucasus were tied up with volunteers in the North Caucasus, rebellions against Soviet power broke out. In Ossetia, against the Bolsheviks, a veteran of the wars with Japan, Germany and Turkey (he commanded a Cossack brigade in Persia), General Elsa Mistulov, spoke out. In Kabarda, Prince Zaurbek Dautokov-Serebryakov, an officer of the Kabardian Regiment of the Nat Division during the Great War, raised a rebellion. On the Terek, the Cossacks raised Social Revolutionary Georgy Bicherahov. It was the brother of Lazar Bikherakhov, who formed a Cossack detachment in Persia and, in alliance with the British, fought in Baku against the Turkish-Azerbaijani troops, and then went to Dagestan, captured Derbent and Port Petrovsk (Makhachkala). There L. Bikherakhov headed the government of the Caucasian-Caspian Union and formed the Caucasian army, which fought with the Turkish-Azerbaijani troops, Chechen and Dagestan troops, and the Bolsheviks. He supported weapons Terek Cossacks.

The Terek Cossacks were irritated by the policies of the Bolsheviks, who relied on the Highlanders. This led to the loss of the former position of the earth. In addition, distemper caused a criminal revolution, gangs appeared everywhere, the mountaineers recalled the old craft - raids, robberies, kidnapping. Therefore, the Cossacks opposed both the Bolsheviks and the Highlanders. In June 1918, the Cossacks captured Mozdok. 23 June in Mozdok was the Cossack-Peasant Congress, which spoke for the "Soviets without the Bolsheviks" and chose the Provisional Government headed by Bikherahov. In the summer - fall of 1918, the Bicherahov was the de facto ruler of the Terek. Military forces led by General Mistulov. Cossacks occupied the villages of Cool and Soldier.

In August 1918, the rebel Cossacks attacked Vladikavkaz and Grozny - the center of Soviet power in the Terek region. But they could not achieve victory. Vladikavkaz Cossacks for a short time captured, but then they were knocked out. In Grozny, which was under siege for more than three months, the Bolsheviks were able to put together an efficient garrison of soldiers, Highlanders and Red Cossacks (mostly the poorest part of the Cossacks). From the end of September, the defense was headed by Ordzhonikidze and the commander of the Vladikavkaz-Grozny group of troops Lewandowski. They formed the Soviet troops of the Sunzhensky line under the command of Dyakov (from the red Cossacks and the so-called "non-resident"), who attacked the rebels from the rear.

In early November, 1918, the red command decided to strike at the insurgent area. The 1-I Extraordinary Division Mironenko, reinforced by the mountaineers, was transformed into the 1-th Shock Soviet Sharia column. Highlanders who fought for Soviet power in the North Caucasus were headed by a teacher of Arabic and stories East Nazir Katkhanov. The Reds planned to take the villages of Zolskaya, Marinskaya, Staro-Pavlovskaya, Soldatskaya, and then to develop the attack on the Cool and Mozdok. Thus, defeating the Bikherakhov troops, eliminating the anti-Soviet uprising on the Terek, uniting with the red troops in the area of ​​Vladikavkaz, Grozny, Kizlyar and the coast of the Caspian Sea. This made it possible to occupy the railway to Kizlyar, establishing a reliable connection with Astrakhan through Kizlyar along the Caspian coast, providing the army with ammunition, ammunition and medicines. In strategic terms, the defeat of the Terek Uprising allowed the strengthening of the rear of the Red Army in the North Caucasus, in order to continue the fight against Denikin’s army; and allowed the Petrovsk and Baku offensive, restoring positions in the Caspian, to return the important Baku oil fields.


Map source: V.T. Sukhorukov XI army in battles in the North Caucasus and the Lower Volga (1918-1920). M., 1961

The main attack on the Zolskaya, Marinskaya stanitsa, Apollonskaya station was struck by the Shari'a Shock column (around 8 thousand bayonets and sabers, 42 guns, 86 machine guns) and the St. George combat station (more than 3,5 thousand bayonets and saber guns with 30 weapons and the forces and XIJUMX forces, and the forces of XI and XIUMX weapons, and the forces of the Nazi forces. Then they reached the line of Staro-Pavlovskaya, Marinskaya, Novo-Pavlovskaya and Apollonskaya. The Holy Krestovsky battle area (more than 60 thousand people with 4 guns and 10 machine guns) struck at the village of Kurskaya, and then at Mozdok. Then, by joint efforts, they planned to smash the enemy near Prokhladny and Mozdok, then to unite with the Soviet troops in Vladikavkaz and Grozny.

The total number of rebels in the Terek region was about 12 thousand people with 40 guns. About 6 - 8 thousand bayonets and sabers, 20 - 25 guns acted against the St. George and St. George combat areas. That is, the red had a twofold superiority in this direction. It should be noted that by this time the Cossacks had already lost their former motivation and fighting capacity, as with them on other fronts (on the Don), were tired of the war.

2 November 1918, the regiment of the Shok Shariah column, came out from the Pyatigorsk area. The right flank (3 infantry and 2 cavalry regiment) advanced on the Zalukokoazhe area - Zolskaya village; the left flank (1 infantry and 1 cavalry regiments) - should have hit Zolskaya from the rear. A group of Colonel Agoeva was holding up the defense in this area. By noon, the Reds took Zalukokoazhe, in the evening, after a stubborn fight, Zolskaya. White Cossacks retreated to Maryinsky.

November 3 Red attacked Maryinskaya and crushed the whites. The Cossacks retreated to the villages of Staro-Pavlovskaya and Novo-Pavlovskaya. The offensive of the Red forces was unexpected for the White Cossacks. Agoyev asked for help from the headquarters of the Terek division of General Mistulov in Cool. Cossacks organized a counterattack. In the evening of November 4, Serebryakov's regiment unexpectedly hit Zolskaya, in the rear of the Sharia column. White planned to thwart the Reds offensive so successfully. However, in time approached the Derbent regiment of Beletsky and two squadrons of the Nalchik police regiment defeated the enemy.

5 - November 6 The shock Shari'a column broke the White Cossacks at the turn of Staro-Pavlovskaya and Novo-Pavlovskaya. The enemy, avoiding complete encirclement and destruction, retreated to the Soldier. The troops of the Sharia column joined the forces of the Georgievsky military sector under the command of Kuchura. On the night of November 7, the troops of the Georgievsky military sector went on the offensive with the support of armored train No. 25, and advanced to the Sizov, Novo-Sredny and Apollonskaya lines. In the meantime, the forces of the Sharia column occupied Staro-Pavlovskaya, Novo-Pavlovskaya and Apollon. White Cossacks retreated to the Soldier and Cool.

8 November Soviet troops defeated the enemy in the area of ​​the Soldier and took the village. The enemy, having lost a significant area with Cossack villages, retreated to Cool. The White command was forced to lift the siege on Grozny and Kizlyar, to concentrate all remaining forces in the area of ​​Prokhladnaya, in order to give here a decisive battle in red. General Mistulov hoped to launch a strong counterstrike and launch a counterattack. The Soviet command was also preparing for a decisive battle, regrouping forces, tightening reserves. All the forces of the Sharia column and the Georgievsky combat sector were brought in for the battle. The troops of the Shook Shariah column attacked the Cool from the west and the south, parts of the Georgievsky military sector attacked the Cool from the north and provided the operation from the Mozdok direction. 1-I Holy Krestovskaya division of those time led the fighting in the area of ​​Kursk.

November 9 Cossacks struck a counterattack from the Prokhladnaya along the railway to Soldatskaya. The Reds repelled the enemy attack, and then began a general assault on Cool from the south, west, and north. The enemy could not stand it and began to retreat. However, Soviet troops from the north and south blocked the White Cossacks. The enemy threw into battle the last reserve (2 of the cavalry regiment and 3 of the Plastun battalion), which attacked from Ekaterinogradskaya. During the stubborn battle, the enemy was defeated and thrown to the village of Chernoyarsk. The commander of the Terek Cossacks, General Mistulov, in view of the collapse of the front and a hopeless situation, committed suicide. After that, the Reds took Cool. Most of the Cossack troops were destroyed or captured, only a small detachment broke through to Chernoyarsk.

Thus, the case was decided, the Reds defeated the main forces of the White Cossacks. By November 20, the Red Army cleared the rebel road to Mozdok. White command, pulling up the remaining forces from Kizlyar and Grozny, tried to organize the defense of Mozdok. On the morning of November 23, the Reds went to storm Mozdok, by the end of the day they took the city.

As a result, the Tersk uprising was crushed. Two thousand Terek Cossacks, led by General Kolesnikov and Bikherakhov, went east to Chervlennoye and then Port Petrovsk. Another more numerous detachment under the command of Colonels Kibirov, Serebryakov and Agoev went to the mountains and later joined up with Denikin.

Victory on the Terek temporarily strengthened the position of the Red Army in the North Caucasus. The center of counter-revolution was suppressed, Soviet power was restored in the Terek district. Liberated from the blockade of Grozny, Vladikavkaz and Kizlyar. A connection was established with the 12 th Red Army, a railway and telegraph communication from Georgievsk to Kizlyar was restored, and a direct connection with Astrakhan was restored. That is, the Red Army in the North Caucasus strengthened its rear.

Battle for the North Caucasus. How to suppress the Terek Uprising

One of the leaders of the Terek Uprising, General Elmurza Mistulov
Author:
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72 comments
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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 6 February 2019 07: 44
    +2
    Terek Cossacks were annoyed by the policy of the Bolsheviks, who relied on the Highlanders. This led to the loss of its former position, land. In addition, the turmoil caused a criminal revolution, gangs arose everywhere, the mountaineers recalled the former craft - raids, robberies, kidnapping.


    They defeated the Cossacks. And what is the result today. in just a hundred years? There was not a trace of the Russian population, only the names of the villages, and where only a hundred years ago the Cossack population developed rapidly and grew stronger and with them, and the Russian influence, there was no memory of this ...

    Satisfied with today's Bolsheviks ....

    Terek Cossack army is one of the most affected troops.
    March 27 is celebrated annually Commemoration Day of the victims of the genocide of the Terek CossacksMarch 27, 1920 is the day of the massacre and deportation of Cossacks.
    1. Cheslav Tsursky
      Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 08: 01
      -3
      Quote: Olgovich
      Satisfied with today's Bolsheviks ....

      Today's Bolsheviks. like their predecessors, the finished internationalists and such concepts as the Russian Cossacks against whom in those years real genocide was committed do not bother! They also do not like to recall that the national outskirts have always considered the support of their activity (especially in the early years of the revolution). The Russians associated them with the word gendarme and the Great Russian chauvinists proper! So, Olgovich, if they’re not happy (they’re rarely happy at all) then they don’t especially feel sad!
    2. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 6 February 2019 08: 13
      +4
      Olgovich "Today's Bolsheviks are satisfied ...."
      Everything is as usual.))) Erotic moans began.))))
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 6 February 2019 08: 38
        -7
        Quote: Nagaibak
        Olgovich "Today's Bolsheviks are satisfied ...."
        Everything is as usual.))) Erotic moans began.))))

        Those. You are pleased with your results in the Caucasus.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 6 February 2019 09: 14
          +13
          Olgovich "That is, you are satisfied with your results in the Caucasus."
          1. I am not happy that you manage to turn any topic on the civil war (and not only on the civil one) into a white and red srach. 2. And then the question itself is stupid. What does it mean satisfied?))) Damn, it's been a hundred years))) wake up))). Do you want to return?))) Go and heroize.))) I’ll give you a rifle))) damn the fusey.))) Maybe it’s enough to whine and give tearful judgments about which Russia we lost?))) Maybe it’s worth discussing which of the opposing sides where he went, who made any mistakes, and so on. That is the article itself. And do not once again tear out the hair from his head.))))
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 6 February 2019 09: 30
            -7
            Quote: Nagaibak
            1. I’m not happy that you manage to turn any topic on the civil war (and not only on the civil one) into a white and red srach.

            The theme is about the civil war, and this was a white and red conflict. Today, its result is visible.
            Quote: Nagaibak
            .2. And then the question itself is stupid. What does it mean satisfied?)))

            it means: satisfied. What did the Cossack Russian population (Russian influence) plague?
            Did everything right?
            Quote: Nagaibak
            Damn, it's been a hundred years))) wake up))). Want to get it back?))) Go and heroize.))) I’ll give you the rifle))) damn the fusey.)))

            Who to return? Raise from the graves of executed and exiled Cossacks? It is irreversible already. No rifle to return that, those people are not
            Quote: Nagaibak
            Maybe it’s enough to whine and give whiny judgments about what kind of Russia we lost?))) Maybe it’s worth discussing which of the opposing sides went where, who made which mistakes and so on ..

            About mistakes, and it’s written
            Quote: Nagaibak
            And do not once again tear out hair from its head off.

            Not mine. yes
            1. Nagaibak
              Nagaibak 6 February 2019 10: 17
              +5
              Olgovich "Whom to return? To raise the executed and expelled Cossacks from the graves? It is already irreversible. No rifle can return that - those people are not there."
              You're crying about the Russian lost lands.))) And people understand. what not to return. A bit about Terek Cossacks.
              "Until now, Cossack families are considered kinship with Chechens, and love for freedom, idleness, robbery and war is the main traits of their character. Russia's influence is expressed only from the disadvantageous side: constraint in elections, removal of bells and troops that stand and pass there The Cossack, by impulse, hates the highlander horseman who killed his brother less than the soldier who stands with him to defend his village, but who lit his house with tobacco.He respects the highlander enemy, but despises the stranger and the oppressor Actually, the Russian peasant for the Cossack is some kind of alien, wild and despicable creature, which he saw as an example in the merchants and immigrants-Little Russians, whom the Cossacks contemptuously call “Shapovals.” Fashion for dress consists in imitating the Circassian. The best weapon is obtained from the highlander. , the best horses are bought and stolen from them. ”The good Cossack flaunts his knowledge of the Tatar language and, having walked around, even speaks Tatar with his brother.then, this Christian people, thrown into a corner of the earth, surrounded by semi-savage Mohammedan tribes and soldiers, considers themselves at a high degree of development and recognizes only one Cossack as a man; he looks at everything else with contempt. "

              - Tolstoy L. N. “Cossacks”, 1852
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 6 February 2019 11: 47
                -7
                Quote: Nagaibak
                You're crying about the Russian lost lands.))) And people understand. what not to return

                I am infinitely sorry for the land. and Cossack PEOPLE who could live up to these times and make up the FORCE and influence of Russia in those places. As it was a hundred years ago, BEFORE you.
                Quote: Nagaibak
                Despite the fact that this Christian people, thrown into a corner of the earth, surrounded by semi-wild Mohammedan tribes and soldiers, considers himself to be highly developed and recognizes only one Cossack as a person; still looks at the rest with contempt.

                The Terek Cossack army defended RUSSIAN interests in the Caucasus.
                Beloved your allies, the Red Highlanders-then showed you Kuzkin's mother
                and what could you do? But nothing ...
                1. Nagaibak
                  Nagaibak 6 February 2019 12: 09
                  +3
                  Olgovich
                  "Your beloved allies, the Red Highlanders, showed you later Kuz'kin's mother
                  and what could you do? A-nothing "
                  You are really sick.)))) Take a sedative. And go to sleep. It helps.)))
                2. naidas
                  naidas 6 February 2019 19: 10
                  +1
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  defended RUSSIAN interests

                  Of course, the Ossetians at the head of the uprising exclusively carried out the defense of RUSSIAN interests
              2. Cheslav Tsursky
                Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 11: 57
                +6
                Quote: Nagaibak
                - Tolstoy L. N. “Cossacks”, 1852

                Let me, as a person in whom Cossack blood flows, say a few words ... Terek Cossacks have been living in the North Caucasus for over 400 years. They came from the Volga. A certain isolation from the rest of the Cossacks is explained by the fact that they are Old Believers. I do not know what caused such an opinion of Tolstoy, perhaps just because the Old Believers are closed, but it was precisely the dissatisfaction with the authorities that the Tertsians (combers) hid the fugitive people. In 1721, the combers officially became part of the army of the Russian Empire. By the way, it is known that in those places there was a massive resettlement of peasants from the deep lands that were attributed to the Cossack army! They tried to attribute the Highlanders to the Cossacks, but both the Highlanders and the Cossacks resisted this. This is the second point that is surprising from what Tolstoy wrote. And finally, the fact that the vast majority of the Terts did not recognize the power of the Reds is a fact. But the mountaineers just actively supported the Bolsheviks with their help, the Tertsa and were defeated. Well, then they went through the storytelling, eviction, collectivization, the land was given to the highlanders ... In 1921, in March 70 terts were evicted, half of them unarmed were destroyed by the highlanders, who were brutalized from their own impunity. They did not spare women, children, old people ... Families of red Chechens and Ingush moved into their homes. Such are the things. There was nothing for them to love Soviet power. Just the opposite. In the Second World War fought on both sides.
                1. Nagaibak
                  Nagaibak 6 February 2019 12: 13
                  +3
                  Cheslav Tsursky "Let me, as a person in whom Cossack blood flow, say a few words ..."
                  What you wrote to everyone has long been known. You do not want to discuss the article itself, the course of the uprising? Or will you like Olgovich tell us about anything other than a discussion of the article.
                  1. Cheslav Tsursky
                    Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 12: 29
                    0
                    Nagaybak, what is written in the article, as you probably understand, I have also known for a long time. My opinion about these events, you probably also imagine. What should I do and what’s not is completely none of your business. Did you write about Terek Cossacks quoting Tolstoy? Well, here I am with Tolstoy and answered.
                    1. Nagaibak
                      Nagaibak 6 February 2019 16: 29
                      +3
                      Czeslaw Tsurski "What should I do and what not is actually completely none of your business."
                      Yes, I’m actually on the drum, do what you want.))) Just don’t go to extremes like some of our White Guards.))) And I gave Tertsy in Tolstoy’s work as an example. Not everything was cracked in syrup in relation to the rest of Russia. And the Cossacks were different at different times.
                      1. Cheslav Tsursky
                        Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 17: 08
                        -1
                        Quote: Nagaibak
                        Not everything was cracked in syrup in relation to the rest of Russia. And the Cossacks were different at different times.

                        Ahhhhh ... Well, about the dispersal of demonstrations in this case, you did not say for some reason! Well, there are satraps, stranglers of freedom ... This is why the Bolsheviks apparently destroyed entire estates, including and cossacks?
                        Quote: Nagaibak
                        just don’t go to extremes like some of our White Guards.

                        You do not work at school by accident. You have a direct craving for some kind of teachings!
                      2. Nagaibak
                        Nagaibak 7 February 2019 09: 41
                        0
                        Czeslaw Tsurski "You don't work at school by chance. You have some kind of craving for teachings!"
                        Love extremes?))) Yes, for God's sake.))) If you want to, fall into insanity, I'm not sorry. As for the teachings, you are right.)))) I am a history teacher. True, I worked a little as a teacher.)))) A couple of years in total. As for the Cossacks ... there is no need to make innocent sheep out of the Cossacks. By the way, I didn't mean the dispersal of demonstrations. Although this fact also took place. I am in favor of analyzing the tragic moments in the history of our Motherland without mental anguish, tearing off one's shirts and without female tantrums. It is necessary to calmly understand everything. That's all. And I was registered as a Red Army and a Cossack-haters.))) And more about Tertsy "It is shown that the ethnic and confessional composition of the Terek army is closely connected with the history of its origin and subsequent development. The historical core of the Terek army was made up of the Greben Cossacks-Old Believers, who at first lived free With the arrival of the Russian state on the Terek, the Greben Cossacks become service Cossacks. Cossacks from the Don and the Volga (Orthodox and Old Believers), as well as Orthodox peasants-Little Russians and retired married soldiers of the Caucasian army enrolled in the Cossack estate, move to them at different times. ethnic groups of Kalmyks, Ossetians, Kabardians, Georgians and Kazan Tatars join the military population. Kalmyks, the overwhelming part of Ossetian Cossacks and Kabardian Cossacks adopted the Orthodox faith. A small part of Ossetian Cossacks and Kabardin Cossacks and all Tatars-Cossacks retained Islam. polyethnic and polyconfessional subethnos t erskikh Cossacks, destroyed and scattered during the civil war and after the final victory of Soviet power on the Terek. " ETHNO-CONFESSIONAL COMPOSITION OF THE TERSKY COSSACK TROOPS (SECOND HALF OF THE 19th - BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY)
                        The text of a scientific article specializing in History. Historical Sciences
                        Golovlev Alexey Alekseevich
                    2. naidas
                      naidas 6 February 2019 19: 16
                      0
                      Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                      Did you write about Terek Cossacks quoting Tolstoy?

                      Nagaybak probably looked at the nationality of the leaders of this uprising, you probably as a true Ossetian or Kabardian and Cossack, as well as Olgovich, Tolstoy’s quote is unpleasant.
                      1. Nagaibak
                        Nagaibak 7 February 2019 09: 12
                        0
                        naidas "Nagaybak probably looked at the nationality of the leaders of this uprising, you probably, as a true Ossetian or a Kabardian and a Cossack, like Olgovich, is unpleasant to quote Tolstoy."
                        Bravo!!!!)))))
            2. Nagaibak
              Nagaibak 6 February 2019 10: 19
              +2
              Olgovich "that means: are you satisfied that the Cossack Russian population (Russian influence) has been wiped out?"
              Did you do everything right? "
              Again stupid answer.))))
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 6 February 2019 11: 49
                -2
                Quote: Nagaibak
                Olgovich "that's what it means: we are happy that the Cossack Russian population (Russian influence) has exhausted?
                I did everything rightand?"
                Stupid again answer.))))

                You are asked two QUESTIONS. Learn Russian! yes
                1. Nagaibak
                  Nagaibak 6 February 2019 12: 14
                  +3
                  Olgovich "You have two QUESTIONS. Learn Russian!"
                  Oh yes ... two stupid questions.))))
        2. apro
          apro 6 February 2019 11: 52
          +3
          Quote: Olgovich
          Those. You are pleased with your results in the Caucasus.

          Again, I distort and lie. Today's result is the consequences of the bourgeois coup of 1985-1991. And the Bolsheviks of 1917 have nothing to do with it. And if you dear, you groan about the lost paradise on earth with the Romanovs, then I do not share your illusions.
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 6 February 2019 19: 02
            -5
            Quote: apro
            Again, distort and lying. Today's result is the consequences of the bourgeois coup of 1985-1991. And the Bolsheviks of 1917 to have nothing to do with this

            Learn the genocide of the Terek Cossacks by the Red Highlanders and the Bolsheviks. March 27 is the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Genocide.

            You didn’t like there Russian people?
            So get other people tooe and at home!
            1. naidas
              naidas 6 February 2019 22: 13
              +6
              Or maybe it was necessary to destroy such and erect monuments to those defenseless which the Cossacks destroyed (these heroes did not destroy the Highlanders, but the Russians):
              -Commander General Kornilov instructed the "volunteers": "Do not take prisoner. The more terror, the greater the victory. ” And the word has not parted with deed.
              - Chernetsov’s detachment took Likhuy station. The number of victims among Chernivtsi was 11 people, among the Reds - 300. However, the Donskoy Dawn correspondent noted that after the battle, 50 corpses of the Reds remained, and the prisoners of the Red Army "signed a death sentence."
              March 22, 1918 the delegation returned to the Cossack detachment of Popov, who was negotiating with the Reds on the conditions for the cessation of hostilities. Together with them came negotiators from the Reds. Popov ... hung them.
              - A quote from a Cossack general Denisov: “A terrible everyday picture comes up before my eyes, but an ordinary picture of war is when, at the order house, at the Zaplavskaya stanitsa’s village house, Cossacks do away with their husbands and deal with prisoners brought from a position , tear and tear them alive to pieces. Resistance to this and opposition from the authorities would be completely unnecessary and even harmful. ” I’ll add from myself - what then did these ki of both sexes want? They had to be shot like mad dogs. Because the Cossack authorities also encouraged atrocious extrajudicial killings, specially supplying prisoners for them, and the Cossack population itself perceived this as entertainment. Mass Chikatilo. In any case, no one will ever be able to give a similar example from the red side. And as it would be picturesque - for example, proletarian women are shoved under the presses of the Putilov factory by officers and soldiers of the Dobrarmi ...
              On April 19-1918, 2000, the Cossacks completely killed the Tiraspol detachment of Ukrainian Red Forces, which surrendered at their request (about XNUMX people).
              -German troops helping the Don in the battle of Zverevo captured 5.000 people. Since the Cossacks were trying to shoot them, the Germans, for the safety of prisoners, were forced to send them to Germany.
              - Podtelkov’s detachment surrendered weapons under security guarantees. Belokazaki are masters of their word. They themselves gave, they themselves took. Podtelkovites were shot, and Podtelkov and Krivoshlykov themselves were hanged.
              -June 1918. Parliamentarians from F.K. arrived in the village of Ust-Medveditskaya to negotiate a cessation of hostilities. Mironova. Sergeant Lazarev, who had come there with his detachment, shot them to raise the spirit of the Cossacks. Naturally, their spirit rose, because thanks to Lazarev it became clear to them what the Reds would do with them.
              -June 14, 1918 the Cossacks captured the village of Grand Duke. Someone Zemtsov was appointed commandant of the village, "who on the very first night without a court ordered to shoot about 20 people, as it turned out later, his personal enemies, including two St. George cavaliers and the head of the gymnasium."
              - May 17, 1918 Krasnov established the military field courts. And on this page - a confession that for one fact of service in the Red Army was sentenced to death.
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 7 February 2019 10: 33
                -4
                Quote: naidas
                Or maybe it was necessary to destroy such and erect monuments to those defenseless which the Cossacks destroyed

                Destroyed? so rejoice at all the delights of visitors already at home,
            2. apro
              apro 6 February 2019 22: 35
              +3
              Quote: Olgovich
              Didn’t you like the Russian people there?
              So get other people already at home!

              What kind of Russian people are you talking about? Does this mean? Nationality solves all problems of being? Or social organization of society? Russian Cossacks during the revolution? many Cossacks did not think so.
              A hundred years have passed and nothing has changed. We haven’t learned anything ...
              1. Nagaibak
                Nagaibak 7 February 2019 09: 44
                0
                apro "Russian Cossacks during the revolution? Many Cossacks did not think so."
                Then they used to say in the Don, referring to the rest of Russia-ka-tsa-piya squint.
              2. Olgovich
                Olgovich 7 February 2019 10: 36
                -2
                Quote: apro
                What kind of Russian people are you talking about? Does this mean? Nationality solves all problems of being? Or social organization of society? Russian Cossacks during the revolution? many Cossacks did not think so.
                A hundred years have passed and nothing has changed. We haven’t learned anything ..

                I speak of Russian Cossacks, which protected the interests of RUSSIA there. Russian is not blood purity.
                Now there is NO ONE who would do it.
                1. apro
                  apro 7 February 2019 12: 57
                  0
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  Russian is not blood purity.

                  What is it?
                  1. Olgovich
                    Olgovich 8 February 2019 07: 40
                    -1
                    Quote: apro
                    Quote: Olgovich
                    Russian is not blood purity.

                    What is it?

                    It makes no sense to talk if you don’t even know it.
                    1. apro
                      apro 8 February 2019 08: 08
                      0
                      Quote: Olgovich
                      It makes no sense to talk if you don’t even know it.

                      Good answer. Your opinion on the essence of the Russian people remains open ....
                2. Sugar Honeyovich
                  Sugar Honeyovich 7 February 2019 14: 24
                  +2
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  I speak of Russian Cossacks, which protected the interests of RUSSIA there


                  And Krasnov about the Don Cossacks said that they did not defend Russia, but their rights from the RUSSIANs.
    3. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 12: 08
      +1
      Quote: Olgovich
      Satisfied with today's Bolsheviks ....

      Not satisfied. The Cossacks did not want to lose royal privileges; they did not accept the revolution; they lost.
      Quote: Cheslav Czursky
      Today's Bolsheviks. like their predecessors complete internationalists

      Today's capitalists are complete internationalists with elements of tolerance.
      1. Cheslav Tsursky
        Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 12: 56
        +1
        Quote: Mordvin 3
        Not satisfied. The Cossacks did not want to lose royal privileges; they did not accept the revolution; they lost.

        Well, why did you lose? That you revolutionize the Internet incognito quietly! lol But the Cossacks in Russia were and will be! In Russia, 10 military and 15 district Cossack societies are officially registered. They operate in 83 regions. 650 Cossacks are listed in the state register, 000 are state and other service. Among the tasks performed by the Cossacks, such as the protection of public order, the protection of public life facilities, the protection of objects owned by state and municipal property, the protection of cultural heritage sites and many others. Cossacks took an active part in the struggle to preserve the country, including defending the integrity of Russia with weapons in hand. I understand you are offended to come to terms with your current role and with the revival of the Cossacks. However, this is an objective reality. Get used to it, Mordvin.
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 13: 10
          +4
          Quote: Cheslav Czursky
          Well, why did you lose? That you revolutionize the Internet incognito quietly!

          This Cossacks suddenly in 90 remembered that they were Cossacks. And Yeltsin was accepted into their ranks.
          Quote: Cheslav Czursky
          I understand you are offended to come to terms with your current role and with the revival of the Cossacks. However, this is an objective reality. Get used to it, Mordvin.

          Hehe, I'm a Stalinist. Recall that it was Stalin who revived the Cossacks? So do not address your studs. Overshot. feel And I also know the history of the Cossacks.
          1. Mordvin 3
            Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 13: 15
            +5
            By the way, was Yeltsin a TKV Cossack? Something I forgot. winked
            1. Cheslav Tsursky
              Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 14: 05
              +2
              By the mid-20s, about 40% of the pre-revolutionary number of Cossacks remained in the Don. During the period of collectivization, the Cossacks not only mowed hunger but also the eviction of entire villages. All this and the destruction of the Cossacks in the first years of Soviet power is a real genocide! The softening of attitudes towards the Cossacks is associated with Hitler coming to power in Germany. The Kremlin decided that it is extremely dangerous to have such a group of the infringed on the rights of the population. You continue to broadcast the usual Bolshevik myths. Cossack units during the war only at the beginning were formed by immigrants from the Don, Kuban and Terek. Already since 1942 they were formed from all over the country and turned into ordinary cavalry with Cossack elements in the form of clothes.
              Quote: Mordvin 3
              By the way, was Yeltsin a TKV Cossack? Something I forget

              Why are you doing this? I know for sure that he was a communist!
              1. Mordvin 3
                Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 14: 24
                0
                Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                Why are you doing this? I know for sure that he was a communist!

                Yeah, a year before 91, while Gorbachev put a decree banning the CPSU in his nose.

                Or is he dressed up as well?
                1. Cheslav Tsursky
                  Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 15: 41
                  0
                  I don’t understand, and what do you want to say with this video ?! And here is Yeltsin then?
              2. Mordvin 3
                Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 14: 43
                0
                Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                You continue to broadcast the usual Bolshevik myths.

                This is the memoir of the Jew Orlov-Feldbin "The Secret History of Stalin's Crimes", who escaped in the USA in the 37th (or in the 38th, I don’t remember, being a military adviser in Spain).
                At the celebration of the anniversary of the OGPU, which took place in December 1935 at the Bolshoi Theater, all the guests were struck by the presence not far from Stalin, in the third box from him, of a group of Cossack foremen in the defiant uniform of the tsarist style, with gold and silver aiguillettes. In their honor, the Moscow dance ensemble performed a Cossack dance. Stalin and Ordzhonikidze applauded cheerfully. The views of those present were more often directed towards the resurrected chieftains than onto the stage. The former head of the OGPU, who was once serving hard labor, whispered, addressing the colleagues sitting next to him: "When I look at them, all my blood boils! It's their job!" - and bent his head so that they could see the scar left by the blow of the Cossack saber.

                https://www.litmir.me/br/?b=95066&p=11
                Already this Orlov, the former brigade commander of the OGPU, is definitely not to be suspected of love for Stalin.
                1. Cheslav Tsursky
                  Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 15: 43
                  +1
                  And what do the Jewish memories prove ?! Mordvin are you okay?
                  1. Mordvin 3
                    Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 17: 18
                    +1
                    Quote: Cheslav Tsursky
                    And what do the Jewish memories prove ?! Mordvin are you okay?

                    I have, and you? After all, these are your words:
                    Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                    You continue to broadcast the usual Bolshevik myths.

                    Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                    I don’t understand, and what do you want to say with this video ?! And here is Yeltsin then?

                    Yes, despite the fact that he was accepted into the Cossacks. Just like Putin. Or should I remind you, a hereditary Cossack, what does the delivery of a checker mean? Horseradish of you Cossack, Igor. You don’t know your customs.
                    1. Cheslav Tsursky
                      Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 17: 29
                      0
                      Volodka, (didn’t you try to change the name by the way?) Do I have the feeling that you sometimes feel very sad? No one to talk to? Who is there whom and when was taken to the Cossacks ... Well, stop you making people laugh! There were such Cossacks that they fought for the Reds. Well Sholokhov then read it? These could take Lenin and Trotsky! Is it possible to seriously discuss such conjuncture in the light of the Cossack genocide? Your Jew did not want to accept Stalin as Jews? Cossacks ahead of? Offended and escaped? What a nuisance then ... Oh trouble trouble - chagrin!
                      1. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 17: 44
                        +2
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        Volodka, (didn’t you try to change the name?)

                        Why should I change it? Well, if you are not a banned Igor-Opera, then I apologize.
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        Well, did they read Sholokhov?

                        I even read Cherkasov's "Red Horse", do not be so worried.
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        Cossacks ahead of?

                        Imagine there is such a topic that Stalin was accepted into the Cossacks. I don’t know how true it is, it’s not very interesting for some reason. I laugh at you, maximalists. Take one point of view, and all the rest immediately sweep. And the world, you know, it is not black and white, but with shades. fellow
                      2. Cheslav Tsursky
                        Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 17: 52
                        -1
                        The operas have done a rustle here - well done! Not the first time I hear about a man ... smile Detective yet ... I think I can be proud that I am confused with such people.
                        Quote: Mordvin 3
                        I laugh at you, maximalists. Take one point of view, and all the rest immediately sweep.

                        It's not about maximalism. You do not see the point. The point is the eternal opposition of materialism and idealism and as their derivatives of light and darkness, good and evil ... The question is much deeper. You are very impoverished topic!
                      3. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 17: 59
                        +3
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        The operas have done a rustle here - well done!

                        Yes, the same fan of exclamation points anywhere to put. He disappeared, you appeared. yes As for materialism with spirituality, it’s also quite clear to you how you drown for Zolotov without trying to get a little insight into the topic.
                      4. Cheslav Tsursky
                        Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 18: 08
                        -2
                        Who! Detective or Oper? Or maybe Halado? See what a wonderful gypsy is a monarchist and a true patriot. By the way, gypsies are completely monarchists such a mentality. I can even randomly list some wonderful guys here ... winked And let's say this on the red site! Your misfortune, Mordvin, like any Bolshevik, you don’t believe in the Russian people. In the Russian officers, the Cossacks, but ordinary Russian people. There are a lot of us. So you are losing. The bid was deliberately weak. But we are not worth the price if it really concerns fundamental issues.
                      5. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 18: 15
                        +2
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        Your misfortune, Mordvin, like any Bolshevik, you don’t believe in the Russian people. In the Russian officers, the Cossacks, but ordinary Russian people.

                        Again by. I do not believe in this system. Palkin was attributed to the Russians, but what about Gypsies in general? Which majority? However, I don’t want to argue here anymore, I take my leave.
                      6. Cheslav Tsursky
                        Cheslav Tsursky 6 February 2019 18: 27
                        -2
                        This is you by. Russian in the context of the Russian world is a state of mind RUSSIAN, and not blood, dear comrade. You, as such, deign to deny. Therefore, we do not understand each other. By the way, the Khalado people are called Russian Roma - Russian Gypsies or Khaladytko Roma - Gypsy soldiers. This is a self-name, not what we call them. So people feel themselves and not only are proud of it! Here you have the phenomenon of the Russian world. Serbs are called Balkan Russians. Have you heard that? Will you deny all this?
                      7. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 18: 50
                        +6
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        You, as such, deign to deny.

                        My soul is my conscience.
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        By the way, the Halado people are called Russian Roma - Russian gypsies

                        I have no idea what they are called, but my son-in-law works in the regional gas company. So here. Here we have, in the Tula region, a whole village of gypsy self-building demolished. It all started because of illegal tapping into the gas pipeline, they naturally did not pay for gas. So these soldiers of yours threw stones at the gas workers, when they began to cut off the insets, the riot police had to cover the gas men. Romals, sort of. Three years ago. Is it necessary for me to respect them?
                      8. Mordvin 3
                        Mordvin 3 6 February 2019 19: 22
                        +3
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        Here you have the phenomenon of the Russian world

                        Read about these soldiers.
                        https://www.tula.kp.ru/daily/26858.5/3900650/
                      9. Sugar Honeyovich
                        Sugar Honeyovich 7 February 2019 14: 38
                        +2
                        Quote: Cheslav Czursky
                        These could take Lenin and Trotsky!


                        "... a Cossack, someone deliberately hurt by the fact that he is now serving and going to battle under the command of the Jew - Trotsky, ardently and convincingly objected:" Nothing of the kind! .. Trotsky is not a Jew. Trotsky is fighting! .. Our ... Russian ... But Lenin is a communist ... a Jew, and Trotsky is our ... a fighting ... Russian ... Our! "(L.D. Trotsky" My a life") lol
        2. Alexander Greene
          Alexander Greene 7 February 2019 02: 12
          +3
          Quote: Cheslav Czursky
          I understand you are offended to come to terms with your current role and with the revival of the Cossacks. However, this is an objective reality. Get used to it, Mordvin.

          What kind of revival of the Cossacks are you talking about? This is an ordinary farce. In the area where I spent the years of my youth, the Cossacks never even smelled. But last year, having arrived on a visit, I was surprised to meet hefty men dressed in uniforms from the tsarist times, with museum "Georgias" on their chest, with stripes, with golden shoulder straps ... The locals call them mummed operetta Cossacks. Their entire occupation is protecting small entrepreneurs.
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. RUSS
      RUSS 6 February 2019 14: 45
      0
      Quote: Olgovich
      Terek Cossack army is one of the most affected troops.
      Every year March 27 marks the day of memory of the victims of the genocide of the Terek Cossacks - March 27, 1920 is the day of mass slaughter and deportation of Cossacks.


      January 24, Day of Remembrance and Sorrow! Anniversary of the genocide of the Cossack people.


      January 24 is the blackest date in the memory of the entire Cossacks. It is a day of mourning and sorrow. There is no document for the Cossack people that is more savage in nature and more tragic in its consequences than the “circular instruction” issued on January 24, 1919 signed by Y. Sverdlov, which went down in history as the “Directive on Talking Out”. It was a death sentence to the entire Cossack people, as a result of which a sea of ​​Cossack blood was spilled, and those who remained miraculously alive were subjected to terrible humiliation and bullying.

      We, Cossacks, will always remember how we wanted to physically destroy all our people, and our children and grandchildren will not let us forget this.
      1. naidas
        naidas 6 February 2019 22: 21
        +1
        Quote: RUSS
        We, Cossacks, will always remember how we wanted to physically destroy all our people

        Yes, how many Cossacks outweighed and shot the people, especially the heroes of Krasnov, the Red Army cooked alive.
        Quotation from the Cossack General Denisov: “A terrible everyday picture comes up before my eyes, but an ordinary picture of war is when, at the ordered hut, at the Zaplavskaya stanitsa’s village house, Cossacks do away with their own husbands and deal with prisoners delivered from a position, tear and tear them alive to pieces. Resistance to this and opposition from the authorities would be completely unnecessary and even harmful. ”
        I’ll add from myself - and then what did these two sexes want? They had to be shot like mad dogs. Because the Cossack authorities encouraged atrocious, extrajudicial killings, specially supplying prisoners for them, and the Cossack population itself perceived this as entertainment. Mass Chikatilo. In any case, no one will ever be able to give a similar example from the red side. And as it would be picturesque - for example, proletarian women shove the Cossacks under the presses of the Putilov factory, one after another ...
      2. Alexander Greene
        Alexander Greene 7 February 2019 03: 06
        +3
        Quote: RUSS
        January 24, Day of Remembrance and Sorrow! Anniversary of the genocide of the Cossack people.


        And why is Cossacks' Day of Genocide celebrated on January 24?
        It should be celebrated on May 1.

        May 1, 1918 in Novocherkassk, the Cossack “Circle of Salvation of the Don” was held, which adopted a resolution on the “redundancy” of the Red Cossacks:

        “All Cossacks participating in the Soviet troops and Bolshevik organizations should be excluded from the Cossack estate according to the sentences of the subordinate village societies” (Donskoy Chronicle, 1924, No. 3, p. 57; Donskoye Vedomosti, October 4 (17), 1918).

        By September 1918, 1 verdicts were sentenced to break up the Red Cossacks (Priazovsky Krai, September 400 (October 20), 3). Not only men, but also their wives, children, were repressed by the White Cossacks, their houses were taken away, their lands, their families were evicted to other areas, they were killed, they were imprisoned, they were sentenced to hard labor, etc. And this is also tens of thousands

        For the directive of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.) Of January 24, 1919, another whole 10 months
    6. Sanya Terek
      Sanya Terek 6 February 2019 17: 47
      +6
      What a hundred years? Cossack "paradise" under the Democrats has come.
      In 1907, the village of Naurskaya, the most Russian-speaking settlement in Chechnya, had a little less than five thousand inhabitants. In the late 80s, under the bloody communists, there were more than eight thousand Cossack population. After the "holy 90s", when the "destroyers of communism" came to power, the Cossack population remained less than a thousand. And something like this throughout the North Caucasus.
      And you all curse the Communists.
      1. Tersky
        Tersky 6 February 2019 19: 40
        +3
        Quote: Sanya Tersky
        In the most Russian-speaking settlement of Chechnya - the village of Naurskaya in 1907 in the year there were a little less than five thousand inhabitants. At the end of the 80, under the bloody communists, there were more than eight thousand Cossack population.

        Sanya, teach history, especially from the place when, by the will of the "party and people", Nokhchi were introduced to Naur against the will and wishes of the Cossacks. They, the Vainakhs, were not in Naur until 1957, and not without the help of a bald maize grower, both Naur himself and the stanitsa of the district were stuffed with them. And one more thing, In the Russian Empire, the territories of the present Naur and Shelkovsky districts were part of the Terek region and were part of Cossack departments, not in the national districts of the mountaineers. What does that say? In 1957, the Ingush and Chechens began to return to their homeland after 13 years of deportation, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was re-formed, but! The Prigorodny District was taken from the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in favor of North Ossetia, this area for centuries belonged to the Ingush. In compensation for the Prigorodny region, Moscow (read - the Communist Party of the Soviet Union) handed over to Checheno-Ingushetia two regions of the Stavropol Territory. These are the Naursky and Shelkovsky regions. Now, at your leisure, think about who and what is the instigator of all this boodyagi. Whose will you be? Naursky?
        1. Sanya Terek
          Sanya Terek 8 February 2019 21: 10
          0
          I had a great day, Victor. I know about the entire redistribution of military land, only, despite this, my relatives both in Naur and in Grozny lived until the end of the 80s and did not plan to move anywhere. And in 92-93 they dropped everything and left. Not in the 60s and 70s, under the communists, but after the "democrats" came to power.
          Do you remember, excuse me, that on You, as at the end of 91, they started showing enthusiastic programs about free Ichkeria on the central TV channels? All the armament of the 42nd militia division, the weapons of the ZakVO assigned personnel, relocated to Grozny, who decided to leave it for the arming of the new abreks? Okay, it's a thing of the past, only now has something changed for the better? The expansion to the Cossack villages in the North Caucasus continues. Pavlodolskaya, of the Mozdok department until the end of the 80s, not much, but it grew, and now it is falling into desolation, it is populated by "foreigners". The matchmakers, in the Stavropol region, have the same thing.
          Is it only on the Terek? In the Kuban, in the Ilyinsky, Caucasian department (the native village of his wife), on the extreme streets, houses are practically empty. Collective farm - no, agricultural holding of farmers crushed, the Cossacks tried to "kick up", but nothing came of them. I can cite more than one example of a Cossack democratic "paradise" that has come.
          I myself am from Pavlodolsky.
          1. Sanya Terek
            Sanya Terek 8 February 2019 21: 12
            0
            Victor, of which ones? It's nice to meet a fellow countryman on the site.
      2. rusin
        rusin 7 February 2019 05: 21
        -2
        Quote: Sanya Tersky
        in the village of Naurskaya in 1907 there were a little less than five thousand inhabitants in the village. In the late 80s, under the bloody communists, there were more than eight thousand Cossack people.

        huge population growth, as much as three thousand people in eighty years! Of these, a couple of thousand are Chechen! Then now the village of Naurskaya is flourishing: almost ten thousand people, of which Russians and Cossacks, are one and a half thousand .... But in fact, the Soviet destroyed more than half of the Terek Cossacks.
    7. naidas
      naidas 6 February 2019 19: 58
      +2
      Terek Cossacks accounted for approximately 20% of the population of the Terek region, but owned more than 30% of the total land and 50% of the land convenient for cultivation. The land Cossack share on the Terek averaged 18,8 tithing, despite the fact that among the Highlanders this figure was 0,57 tithing. This made it possible to feed only 14% of the mountain population, the rest would have to die out.
      It is clear that the Bolsheviks, with their equality of Cossacks, Ossetians and Kabardins, did not like it and became allies of the whites. And their opponents were allies of the Bolsheviks.
  2. Albatroz
    Albatroz 6 February 2019 09: 44
    +7
    I read recollections of how Terek Cossacks returning from the WWI fronts were forced to leave the trains - and knock down constantly attacking mountaineers from their positions. And on both sides of the road - burned villages, cut off Russian heads ...
    And then civil began.
    The mountain beast took advantage of the fact that the Russians began to beat the Russians - and resolved their issues.
    But thank God that in late 1918 - early 1919. Cossacks with the support of volunteers managed to free the North Caucasus from both the Reds and the Chechen-Dagestan bandits.
    It’s a pity that it’s not completely and not forever
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 6 February 2019 10: 03
      +1
      Quote: Albatroz
      I read recollections of how Terek Cossacks returning from the WWI fronts were forced to leave the trains - and knock down constantly attacking mountaineers from their positions. And on both sides of the road - burned villages, cut off Russian heads ...

      Also read these memories ...
      Quote: Albatroz
      But thank God that in late 1918 - early 1919. Cossacks with the support of volunteers managed to free the North Caucasus from both the Reds and the Chechen-Dagestan bandits.
      It’s a pity that it’s not completely and not forever

      The sad result is there ...
    2. naidas
      naidas 6 February 2019 20: 27
      +1
      Quote: Albatroz
      But thank God that in late 1918 - early 1919. Cossacks with the support of volunteers managed to free the North Caucasus from both the Reds and the Chechen-Dagestan bandits.
      It’s a pity that it’s not completely and not forever

      Since 1990, they have been completely and permanently released. Your whites have put in place the same order as in Pskov, Siberia, where after a year of their victories they shied away from them, the uprising in Izhevsk is especially significant - after the victory of the uprising over the Bolsheviks and the arrival of the whites in six months or a year, the whites themselves hung Izhevsk anti-Bolsheviks.
      So here, the whites would take the men and go to Moscow, and the rest of the highlanders would cut.
  3. Steel falcon
    Steel falcon 6 February 2019 10: 49
    +5
    The tragedy of the Russian Caucasus began precisely during the civil one. Those who should have been given a hat, as they were given to the Turkestan separatists in 1916, received support in their anti-Russian activities.
    1. rusin
      rusin 6 February 2019 14: 17
      +2
      Samsonov did not mention that the Ingush, who fought for the proletarian revolution, drove out the rebelled Cossacks and Ossetians from Vladikavkaz. He forgot and the Chechens who created the Chechen Red Army.
      1. RUSS
        RUSS 6 February 2019 14: 57
        +2
        Quote: rusin
        Samsonov did not mention that the Ingush, who fought for the proletarian revolution, drove out the rebelled Cossacks and Ossetians from Vladikavkaz. He forgot and the Chechens who created the Chechen Red Army.

        General management of operations against the Terek Cossacks was carried out by S. Ordzhonikidze, the Central Committee sent him to the Caucasus as knowing the local specifics. He coped with the task, promising the highlanders Cossack lands. Highlanders sent detachments to the Cossack villages, who plundered and dealt with those who were dissatisfied with the new government. The village lands and property taken from the Terek Cossacks in violation of the decree "On Land" were distributed to Chechens and Ingush for their faithful service to the Bolsheviks. However, the Bolsheviks still failed to quickly deal with the Cossacks in the North Caucasus, the fighting continued until the end of 1920. This year, Dzhugashvili-Stalin was sent to help Ordzhonikidze.

        Telegram of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.), V.I. Lenin from Vladikavkaz on October 30, 1920.
        “First. Five villages were evicted militarily. The recent uprising of the Cossacks gave a suitable occasion and facilitated the eviction; the land came at the disposal of the Chechens. The situation in the North Caucasus can be considered undoubtedly stable ... ”I. Stalin.
  4. naidas
    naidas 6 February 2019 19: 51
    +5
    CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLES OF TERESK REGION
    November 17, 1920
    1. REPORT ON SOVIET AUTONOMY OF THE TERA REGION
    Comrades 1 Today's congress has been convened in order to declare the will of the Soviet government about the organization of life of the Terek peoples and their relationship to the Cossacks.
    The first question is the attitude to the Cossacks.
    Life has shown that the joint residence of Cossacks and Highlanders within a single administrative unit led to endless unrest.
    Life has shown that in order to avoid mutual insults and bloodshed, it is necessary to separate the masses of Cossacks from the masses of highlanders.
    Life has shown that it is beneficial for both sides to separate.
    On this basis, the government decided to allocate most of the Cossacks to a special province, and most of the highlanders to the autonomous Highland Soviet Republic so that the Terek River serves as the border between them.
    The Soviet government sought to ensure that the interests of the Cossacks were not violated. She did not think, comrades Cossacks, to take away your land. She had only one thought - to free you from the yoke of the tsarist generals and the rich. She pursued this policy from the beginning of the revolution.
    Cossacks behaved more than suspiciously. They all looked into the forest, did not trust the Soviet government. Either they were confused with Bicherakhov, then they hobbled with Denikin, with Wrangel.
    And recently, when there was no peace with Poland yet, and Wrangel was advancing on the Donets Basin, at that moment one part of the Terek Cossacks was treacherous — it cannot be expressed otherwise — it rebelled against our troops in the rear.
    I am talking about the recent uprising of the Sunzhen line, which was aimed at cutting Baku off from Moscow. This attempt was temporarily successful for the Cossacks. Highlanders at this moment were, to the shame of the Cossacks, more worthy citizens of Russia.
    The Soviet government endured for a long time, but there is an end to all patience. And so, due to the fact that some groups of Cossacks turned out to be treacherous, they had to take harsh measures against them, they had to evict the guilty villages and colonize them with Chechens.
    The highlanders understood this in such a way that now it is possible to offend Terek Cossacks with impunity, you can rob them, take away cattle, dishonor women.
    I declare that if the Highlanders think so, they are deeply mistaken. The Highlanders should know that the Soviet government protects the citizens of Russia equally, without distinction of nationality, it does not matter whether they are Cossacks or Highlanders. It should be remembered that if the highlanders do not stop atrocities, the Soviet government will punish them with all the severity of revolutionary power.
    In the future, the fate of the Cossacks, both those who leave for a separate province, and those who remain within the Mountain Autonomous Republic, depends entirely on their own behavior. If the Cossacks do not give up treacherous antics against workers 'and peasants' Russia, I must say that the government will have to resort to repressions again.
    But if the Cossacks continue to behave as honest citizens of Russia, I declare here before the whole congress that not a single hair will fall from the head of the Cossack ...
  5. Moskovit
    Moskovit 6 February 2019 23: 58
    +3
    Recently I was in Sochi. I saw how the Cossacks patrol the embankment. The sight is not very. Either too fat, or some youths of a weak form.
    I had a friend. Classic Cossack. And curly, black-haired, handsome. Both parents and grandfathers are Cossacks. Grandfather always told him, do not marry a Russian, only a Cossack. Thanks to this attitude of the Cossacks towards the rest of the population and the heap of medals, how to perceive them?
  6. Sanya Terek
    Sanya Terek 8 February 2019 21: 48
    0
    Quote: rusin
    huge population growth, as much as three thousand people in eighty years! Of these, a couple of thousand are Chechen!

    For those who do not understand the state language, I explain. In the late 80s, ..., - more than eight thousand Cossack population. A couple of thousands of Chechens who dreamed about you are not mentioned here. I mentioned only the number of COSSACK POPULATION of the village.
    Quote: rusin
    [But in fact, the Soviet destroyed more than half of the Terek Cossacks.

    It’s a pity that Bandera’s people didn’t exhaust everyone.
  7. Sanya Terek
    Sanya Terek 8 February 2019 22: 10
    +1
    Quote: rusin
    Samsonov did not mention that the Ingush, who fought for the proletarian revolution, drove out the rebelled Cossacks and Ossetians from Vladikavkaz. He forgot and the Chechens who created the Chechen Red Army.

    And the Chechen Cavalry Division and the Ingush brigade of the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia, for whom did they fight and against whom? An excerpt from the book of the staff-captain De Witt "The Chechen Cavalry Division", describing the result of the battle of the Chechens against the cavalrymen of the 12th Red Army: "The Red cavalry perfectly wielded a saber - it was almost entirely red cossacks, and the wounds of the Chechens were mostly fatal. "