Military Review

Slow but persistent exoskeleton treads

59
Half a century after the start of work in the field of exoskeletons, the first samples of this equipment are ready to go to full-fledged work. The company Lockheed Martin recently bragged that her project HULC (Human Universal Load Carrier - Universal handling system for carrying people) not only was conducted in conjunction with the Pentagon field trials, but is ready for serial production. The exoskeleton HULC is now "breathing in the back" at once several similar projects of other firms. But such an abundance of structures was not always.


Slow but persistent exoskeleton treads


Actually the idea of ​​creating any device that could be worn by a man and significantly improve his physical qualities appeared in the first half of the last century. However, until a certain time, it was just another notion of science fiction writers. The development of a practically applicable system was begun only at the very end of the fifties. The company General Electric, under the auspices of the US military, launched a project called Hardiman. The technical task was bold: the exoskeleton from GE was supposed to allow a person to operate with loads weighing up to one and a half thousand pounds (about 680 a kilogram). In case of successful completion of the project, the Exoskeleton Hardiman would have remarkable prospects. So, the military planned to use new equipment to facilitate the work of gunsmiths in the air force. In addition, "in line" were nuclear scientists, builders and representatives of the masses of other industries. But even ten years after the start of the program, General Electric engineers did not succeed in embodying all that was planned in metal. Several prototypes were built, including a working mechanical arm. The huge claws of the Hardymena had a hydraulic drive and could lift 750 pounds of cargo (approximately 340 kg). On the basis of one workable “glove” it was possible to create a second one. But the designers had another problem. The mechanical “legs” of the exoskeleton did not want to work correctly. The prototype Hardiman with one arm and two legs-supports weighed under 750 kilograms, while the maximum calculated carrying capacity was less than its own weight. Because of this weight and features of the centering of the exoskeleton when lifting the load, often the whole structure began to vibrate, which several times led to tilting. With bitter irony, the authors of the project called this phenomenon "the mechanical dance of St. Vitus." No matter how the designers of General Electric fought, they never managed to cope with the centering and vibrations. At the very beginning of the 70-x project Hardiman was closed.



In subsequent years, work in the direction of exoskeleton went inactive. From time to time they began to engage in various organizations, but almost always the proper result was not followed. At the same time, the purpose of creating an exoskeleton was not always its military use. In 70-ies, employees of the Massachusetts Technological University without much success developed equipment of a similar class, intended for the rehabilitation of disabled people with injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Unfortunately, then the problems of synchronization of various costume units were also in the way of engineers. It should be noted that the exoskeleton has a number of characteristic features that not a bit easier to create. Thus, a significant improvement in the physical capabilities of a human operator requires an appropriate source of energy. The latter, in turn, increases the size and weight of the entire apparatus. The second snag lies in the interaction of man and the exoskeleton. The principle of operation of such equipment is as follows: a person performs any movement with his hand or foot. Special sensors associated with his limbs, receive this signal and transmit the appropriate command to the actuators - hydraulic or electrical mechanisms. Simultaneously with the command, the same sensors ensure that the movement of the manipulators corresponds to the movements of the operator. In addition to the synchronization of the amplitudes of motion, engineers are faced with the question of temporary correspondence. The fact is that any mechanic has some reaction time. Therefore, it should be minimized in order to make the exoskeleton convenient enough. In the case of small compact exoskeletons, which are now being emphasized, the synchronization of human and machine movements has a special priority. Since the compact exoskeleton does not allow to increase the supporting surface, etc., mechanics that do not have time to move with the person may adversely affect the use. For example, the untimely movement of the mechanical “legs” can lead to the fact that a person simply loses his balance and falls. And this is not all the problems. Obviously, a person’s foot has fewer degrees of freedom than an arm, let alone a hand and fingers.



The newest история military exoskeletons began in 2000 year. Then the US agency DARPA initiated the beginning of the program EHPA (Exoskeletons for Human Performance Augmentation - Exoskeletons to increase human productivity). The EHPA program was part of a larger Land Warrior project that involved creating the image of a soldier of the future. However, in 2007, the Land Warrior was canceled, but its exoskeleton part was continued. The goal of the EHPA project was to create a so-called. complete exoskeleton, which had in its composition amplifiers for the hands and feet of a person. At the same time, no weapons or reservations were required. Responsible persons of DARPA and the Pentagon perfectly understood that the current state of affairs in the field of exoskeletons simply does not allow equipping them with additional functions. Therefore, the technical task of the EHPA program implies only the possibility of a long-term carrying by a soldier in the exoskeleton of cargo weighing about 100 kilograms and increasing its speed of movement.

Sacros and the University of Berkeley (USA), as well as the Japanese Cyberdyne Systems, expressed their desire to participate in the development of new technology. Twelve years have passed since the program began, and during this time the list of participants has undergone some changes. To date, Sacros became part of the concern Raytheon, and a university department called Berkeley Bionics became a division of Lockheed Martin. Anyway, now there are three prototypes of exoskeletons created by the EHPA program: Lockheed Martin HULC, Cyberdyne HAL and Raytheon XOS.



The first of these exoskeletons - HULC - does not fully meet the requirements of DARPA. The fact is that the 25-kilogram design incorporates only a back support system and mechanical “legs”. Hand support in HULC is not implemented. At the same time, the physical capabilities of the HULC operator are enhanced by the fact that through the back support system, most of the load on the hands is transferred to the power elements of the exoskeleton and eventually “goes” to the ground. Thanks to the applied system, soldiers can carry up to 90 kilograms of cargo and at the same time experience a load that meets all army standards. HULC is equipped with a lithium-ion battery, the capacity of which is enough to work for eight hours. In economy mode, a person in an exoskeleton can walk at a speed of 4-5 kilometers per hour. The maximum possible HULC speed is 17-18 km / h, however, this mode of operation of the system significantly reduces the operating time of a single battery charge. In the future, Lockheed Martin promises to equip HULC with fuel cells, the capacity of which will be enough for a day of work. In addition, in future versions, the designers promise to “robotize” hands, which will greatly enhance the user's ability of the exoskeleton.



The company Raytheon currently presented two to some extent similar exoskeleton with indexes XOS-1 and XOS-2. They differ in weight and size parameters and, as a result, in a number of practical characteristics. Unlike HULC, the XOS family is equipped with a hand unloading system. Both of these exoskeleton can lift a weight comparable to their own weight of about a kilogram of 80-90. It is noteworthy that the design of both XOS allows you to install various manipulators on the mechanical arms. It should be noted that XOS-1 and XOS-2 so far have significant power consumption. Because of this, they are not yet autonomous and require external power. Accordingly, the maximum speed of movement and battery life of speech is not yet. But, according to Raytheon, the need for power via cable will not be an obstacle to using XOSs in warehouses or military bases, where there is an appropriate source of electricity.



The third sample of the EHPA program is Cyberdyne HAL. To date, the actual version is HAL-5. This exoskeleton is to some extent a mixture of the first two. Like HULC, it has the ability to use it autonomously - there is enough battery life for an hour 2,5-3. With the XOS family, the development of Cyberdyne Systems combines the “fullness” of the design: it includes support systems for both arms and legs. However, the carrying capacity of the HAL-5 does not exceed a couple of tens of kilograms. Similarly, the situation with the speed qualities of this development. The fact is that the Japanese designers did not focus on military use, but on the rehabilitation of disabled people. Obviously, these users simply do not need high speed or capacity. Accordingly, if the HAL-5 in its present state is interested in the military, it will be possible to make on its basis a new exoskeleton, sharpened for military use.

Of all the variants of promising exoskeletons submitted to the EHPA competition, only HULC has reached the tests together with the military. A number of features of other projects still do not allow their field trials to begin. In September, several sets of HULC will be sent to the units in order to study the peculiarities of the work of the exoskeleton in real conditions. If everything goes smoothly, then high-volume production will begin in 2014-15.

Meanwhile, scientists and designers will have more advanced concepts and designs. The most anticipated innovation in the field of exoskeletons are robotic gloves. The existing manipulators are not yet very convenient for the use of tools and similar objects intended for manual use. Moreover, the creation of such gloves is associated with a number of difficulties. In general, they are similar to those of other exoskeleton aggregates, but in this case synchronization problems are aggravated by a large number of mechanical elements, features of the movement of the human hand, etc. The next stage in the development of exoskeletons will be the creation of a neuroelectronic interface. Now the movements of the mechanics are controlled by sensors and tracking drives. More convenient for engineers and scientists is the use of a control system with electrodes that remove human nerve impulses. Among other things, such a system will reduce the reaction time of mechanisms and, as a result, increase the efficiency of the entire exoskeleton.

As for the practical application, over the past half century, views on it have hardly changed. The main users of promising systems are still considered military. They can use exoskeletons for loading and unloading, preparing ammunition, and also, in a combat situation, to enhance the capabilities of fighters. It should be noted that the carrying capacity of exoskeletons will be useful not only to the military. The wide distribution of technology that allows a person to significantly increase their physical capabilities, can change the appearance of all logistics and freight. For example, the time to load a cargo semi-trailer in the absence of forklifts will decrease by tens of percent, which will increase the efficiency of the entire transportation system. Finally, exoskeletons controlled by nerve impulses will help disabled opornikami to live a full life again. Moreover, high hopes are placed on the neuroelectronic interface: with spinal injuries, etc. injuries signals from the brain may not reach a certain part of the body. If you “intercept” them to the damaged area of ​​the nerve and send them to the control system of the exoskeleton, then the person will no longer be confined to a wheelchair or bed. Thus, military developments once again can improve the lives of not only the military. Only for now, building big plans, you should remember about the pilot operation of the Lockheed Martin HULC exoskeleton, which will only begin in the autumn. According to its results, it will be possible to judge both the prospects of the entire industry and the interest in it from potential users.


On the materials of the sites:
http://darpa.mil/
http://davidszondy.com/
http://lockheedmartin.com/
http://raytheon.com/
http://cyberdyne.jp/
http://rosbalt.ru/




Author:
59 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. snek
    snek 13 June 2012 08: 17 New
    11
    For logistics, the thing is very useful. It’s still a little far from combat use, but in 5-10 years it will also be quite real.
    1. tronin.maxim
      tronin.maxim 13 June 2012 08: 30 New
      +8
      Well, I don’t know! Exoslettes are good for people with disabilities. And in the army I would not hope for an exoskilet. While you are working in it, everything is fine, but when it is withdrawn from the troika of your forces to solve the problem there will already be little.
      1. snek
        snek 13 June 2012 08: 37 New
        19
        So about any equipment, you can say: "As long as the tank is whole - it's all good, but they will tear it down - that's all." I see the exoskeleton as a means of increasing infantry mobility. Imagine you had to make a marching throw of 10-20 kilometers with full equipment (bulletproof vest, weapons, ammunition, equipment). If it’s not about some super specialists, then after this it takes time to rest before the squad can fully engage in battle. The exoskeleton partly solves this problem. Plus, it can reduce the number of mortar, machine guns and other heavy infantry weapons.
        In short - the direction is very promising and just do not dismiss it.
      2. Aleksey67
        Aleksey67 13 June 2012 08: 37 New
        +9
        Quote: tronin.maxim
        While you are working in it, everything is fine, but when it is withdrawn from the troika of your forces to solve the problem there will already be little.

        Well, a healthy fighter is also not comparable with a wounded one. The level of technology and materials is developing very quickly, so it is possible that we will see exoskeletons in the Russian army in the next decade. wink Life dictates the need for their application: an increase in mass, portable weapons and equipment, protection of a military man and much more.
        1. tronin.maxim
          tronin.maxim 13 June 2012 08: 47 New
          +9
          Well, if exosklets can work in our constantly lousy conditions, then I agree to look at it!
          1. Aleksey67
            Aleksey67 13 June 2012 08: 52 New
            +8
            Quote: tronin.maxim
            Well, if exosklets can work in our constantly lousy conditions, then I agree to look at it!

            Maxim, how do our (Russian) conditions for field exits and march-throws, which you call "constantly lousy", differ from the same conditions in America or Europe that you also cannot call "ideal"? The same rainfall, dirt and dust winked
            1. Armata
              Armata 13 June 2012 09: 05 New
              +4
              In Russia, similar studies were also conducted. Today, there are some very serious problems. Electromechanical:
              1. Heavy weight batteries.
              2. The limited use of the capacity of the batteries directly., Charging time, charging method.
              Hydraulics.
              1. Very heavy weight.
              2. The closed hydraulic circuit is very capricious to changes in the weather because the viscous characteristics of the working fluid change.
              3. The pressure and temperature of the liquid inside the closed circuit during the breakthrough of the WFD can cause serious injury to humans.
              So while with such problems everything is created only as an experiment, and this is the next cut of dough in Amerovsky.
              1. snek
                snek 13 June 2012 09: 20 New
                13
                Locomotive. The problems you described have a place to be, but they are all solved. Here's an example about the power supply for HULC:
                Lockheed originally rolled out HULC in 2010, but in a heavier, bulkier form that tended to run down its batteries in just an hour. The current model can go for up to eight hours “on the march,” and lasts “days and days” on a single charge if you're just standing guard with a machine gun. Lockheed is still working on a fuel cell meant to provide 72 hours of power in even the most strenuous conditions.

                taken: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/05/combat-exoskeleton-afghanistan/
                It's all too lazy to translate, but the essence is this: the exoskeleton version of 2010 could work only 1 hour, the current one can already be 8 hours (meaning 8 hours of active use), work is currently underway to bring this time to 72 hours. While some see problems, others seek solutions.
                Quote: Steam Train
                So while with such problems everything is created only as an experiment, and this is the next cut of dough in Amerovsky.

                Funny money by the standards of the states is spent on HULC - they gave 8 million to the Lokhids on the upgraded version (which runs 1.1 hours) In general, I notice this bad tendency, if the states are ahead in something - they immediately declare it to us as a cut: Stealth - they said about him that it was almost a tricky setup of Americans by our intelligence, supposedly they leaked them useless technology, and now we building a t-50. UAVs - too much scream: cut it, only against the Papuans, EW will kill it all at once, and then for some reason they started to buy from Israel. We must work shorter and try to catch up.
                1. Armata
                  Armata 13 June 2012 09: 29 New
                  +3
                  It’s not that we are behind. If what I saw on the 1 photo is a prototype for the army, hydraulic, then we also have these operating data, unfortunately I can not send a photo of the development of our design bureau back in the 2002 year. But believe it is. And the problems I describe are precisely those that we are trying to cope with now, although the program was slowed down. So this decision is not 1 of the day both with us and with the Amers. But Akum at 72 hours is also a relative concept, it can work 72 hours under ideal conditions, but it can’t live an hour in frost and 1.
                  1. snek
                    snek 13 June 2012 09: 41 New
                    +3
                    I believe that we have developments. You see, the matter is inertia. Indeed, in 2002, we had a prototype. 2002 is already our rather poor time, when the state has already begun to spend money on the army, but, judging by everything (if I'm wrong, correct it), the thing stopped there - the prototype. The Americans started the program in 2000, so maybe they even lagged behind, but now they are actively experiencing it, constantly identifying problems and looking for solutions. I repeat about batteries 2010 - 1 hour, 2012 - 8 hours. Even if they can’t immediately transfer to 72 hours, but only 12 or 15, the dynamics itself is impressive. Their leadership, their generals realize that this is why it is ready and it is spent as a result of their inertia of motion, and we have inertia of rest. And to overcome it will be very difficult.
                    1. Armata
                      Armata 13 June 2012 10: 23 New
                      +4
                      Quote: snek
                      You see, the matter is inertia. Indeed, in the 2002 year, we had a prototype. 2002 is already our rather poor time, when the state has already begun to spend money on the army, but, judging by everything (if I'm wrong, correct it), the thing stopped there - the prototype.

                      You're right. The inertia of our MO is very high, and the desires of a pregnant woman change every 15 minutes. At 2002, we had an order for an exoskeleton prototype, they were made by 9 pieces for testing, the tests were successful, a sheet of approvals for changes and refinement of the design came, we finalized it according to the requirements (we introduced a secondary circuit so that the reserve is turned on when the oil line is damaged, Novosibirsk chemists developed a new liquid with enhanced characteristics, etc.) when it was necessary to release for testing, we had limited funding and prototypes remained on the shelf. But in principle, we skated them for ourselves and it turned out very well. So, if something happens, it will not be difficult to establish production industrially, especially since it is not such a technological product.
                      1. snek
                        snek 13 June 2012 10: 37 New
                        +5
                        Quote: Steam Train
                        In 2002, we had an order for a prototype exoskeleton, they were made 9 pieces for testing, tests were successful

                        Unfortunately - this is our typical mess. If you are not going to take exoskeletons seriously - why order development? If you are going to - why are you covering the bench after successful trials? Our military elites have some kind of catch-up thinking. With the same UAVs - we saw how successfully and immediately the violent activity was successfully applied - to drive and overtake. I think when the states will adopt our arms, they will again start working again and then your development will be quickly remembered (although there is a risk that they will start purchasing abroad and not just for acquaintance). But the exoskeleton itself, like any other technique, is just the tip of the iceberg. And its underwater part consists of:
                        - established production
                        - An established service infrastructure (production of spare parts, trained personnel for repair and maintenance)
                        - training courses for direct users (soldier)
                        - making appropriate adjustments to the training of commanding officers at all levels, taking into account the optimal use of the benefits that the exoskeleton provides.
                        - accumulated experience in combat use
                        etc. etc. And all this in a couple of days and even in a couple of years you can’t do it
                      2. Igor
                        Igor 13 June 2012 11: 00 New
                        0
                        Quote: Steam Train
                        they were made by 9 pieces for testing, tests were successful


                        And can you reveal the TTX of these exoskeletons or is this secret information?
                      3. snek
                        snek 13 June 2012 11: 08 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Igorek
                        And can you reveal the TTX of these exoskeletons or is this secret information?

                        Join
                      4. Armata
                        Armata 13 June 2012 11: 11 New
                        +2
                        If I do this, the fate of those who sold the Mace awaits me. I work in this KB, in a parallel group. So I'm sorry, I haven’t officially presented it yet.
                        Quote: snek
                        Unfortunately - this is our typical mess.

                        There is no arguing with this. He was always so having to put up with him.
            2. Tirpitz
              Tirpitz 13 June 2012 09: 50 New
              +2
              Road going by walking.
            3. leon-iv
              leon-iv 13 June 2012 13: 49 New
              +1
              and if it's not a secret, what type of batteries did you use.
  2. andrey586
    andrey586 13 June 2012 09: 34 New
    +2
    I hope our scouts are already working on the "acquisition" of exoskeleton documentation laughing
  3. Krilion
    Krilion 13 June 2012 13: 10 New
    -2
    Quote: snek
    For logistics, the thing is very useful.


    I don’t see anything useful ... a couple of fighters of personnel will easily and quickly do the same work of dragging cargoes ... and most importantly, without any troubles such as dressing and dressing an expensive device, which must also be dragged to the place of work first. ..for work in the warehouse is also a useless thing - the auto-loader will be out of competition ...
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 13 June 2012 14: 09 New
      +6
      Quote: Krilion
      I don’t see anything useful ... a couple of fighters of personnel will easily and quickly do the same work of dragging cargoes ... and most importantly, without any troubles such as dressing and dressing an expensive device, which must also be dragged to the place of work first. ..for work in the warehouse is also a useless thing - the auto-loader will be out of competition ...

      - served though? Did you have to repair the tank in the field? Or almost manually charge the Grad?
      Quote: Krilion
      a couple of fighters of personnel will easily and quickly carry out the same work of dragging cargo.

      - let the soldiers drag, tear or injure themselves - will women give birth to new ones? Go serve, then you'll post your opinion.
      Quote: Krilion
      without any troubles such as dressing, changing clothes of an expensive device,

      - there, dress, change clothes at Yapi, look, work hard, it's easier even to pull ordinary clothes on yourself.
      Quote: Krilion
      which previously also needs to be dragged somehow to the place of work ...

      - what for? He pulled himself on and walk, you won’t even feel your hands, you’ll move so easily (well, when they bring it to mind, but bring it to mind not tomorrow, the day after tomorrow.
      At least a little study the material for the dispute, and at the same time pull up the materiel in the field of physics, mechanics and control theory, then welcome to get into a dispute.
    2. snek
      snek 13 June 2012 15: 05 New
      +6
      Quote: Krilion
      I don’t see anything useful ... a couple of fighters of personnel will easily and quickly perform the same work of dragging and dropping loads ..

      A dozen horses will replace the truck and no problems with spare parts, fuel, etc. - Maybe you should return to horse drawn riding?
      1. aksakal
        aksakal 13 June 2012 15: 54 New
        +3
        Quote: snek
        Quote: Krilion
        I don’t see anything useful ... a couple of fighters of personnel will easily and quickly perform the same work of dragging and dropping loads ..

        A dozen horses will replace the truck and no problems with spare parts, fuel, etc. - Maybe you should return to horse drawn riding?

        - in-in -)))))))))))). Into the eye-)))))
  • vostok-47
    vostok-47 13 June 2012 08: 51 New
    -2
    Have seen enough of the films "Iron Man" ..... This can only be tried after 200 years, when a person has forgotten how to walk (there are many reasons for this)
    1. snek
      snek 13 June 2012 09: 03 New
      +3
      Quote from the article:
      The latest history of military exoskeletons began in 2000. Then the American agency DARPA initiated the start of the EHPA program (Exoskeletons for Human Performance Augmentation - Exoskeletons to increase human productivity)

      So the iron man has nothing to do with this. By the way, as far as I know, for the first time in science fiction, the exoskeleton is described in an excellent novel by Highline Star ship troopers. Well, as for the "forgetting how to walk" - cars appeared even despite the fact that the person did not seem to have forgotten how to walk.
      1. Weekend
        Weekend 13 June 2012 15: 49 New
        +2
        A lot of attention is paid to the "developed" exoskeletons in the Warhammer 40000 series of books.
        1. snek
          snek 13 June 2012 16: 25 New
          +1
          Quote: Helg
          A lot of attention is paid to the "developed" exoskeletons in the Warhammer 40000 series of books.

          There is a
          Terran uses them in Starcraft
          in fallout - the brotherhood of steel and the enclave
          Although, in fact, both Highline, and its forty-thousandths and everything else, are not exoskeletons, but the so-called power armor. Power armor provides both strength and endurance, as well as protection. Right now, it is only about strength and endurance.
          An exoskeleton is also not a completely correct definition - because the skeleton itself does not give strength, muscles give it, so the term Power exoskeleton seems to be the most correct
  • biglow
    biglow 13 June 2012 09: 32 New
    -3
    current technologies are unlikely to lead to the emergence of mass production models. It’s like with electric cars, so it has remained a toy for large cities with developed infrastructure.
    1. Tirpitz
      Tirpitz 13 June 2012 09: 49 New
      +1
      All in vain. Remember the first Wright brothers plane, it flew 150m at an altitude of up to 15m.
    2. Joker
      Joker 13 June 2012 18: 34 New
      +2
      Until the oil deal is completed, the development of power sources will not budge. The US government will not allow the development of batteries, because by making them highly capacious with the latest technology, these same batteries will be licensed in cars. Have you ever wondered why for so many years not a single alternative to gasoline has been developed? They were developed more precisely, but these projects were simply buried. Yes, all because oil is a huge source of profit and if cars suddenly become electric, countries lose HUGE money, so we wait until all oil is pumped, we will wait for 100 for sure.
  • AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 13 June 2012 09: 58 New
    +4
    For exoskeletons with an integrated communication system, positioning and possibly the definition of "friend or foe" is uniquely the future. This will expand the armament of the shooter and increase ammunition and increase security. What does this all come from the prospect.
  • Igor
    Igor 13 June 2012 10: 08 New
    +3
    And what about exoskeletons? Probably, as always, by 202XXXXXX.
    1. Svistoplyaskov
      Svistoplyaskov 13 June 2012 10: 26 New
      10
      Quote: Igorek
      And what about exoskeletons?

      Probably they haven’t "surpassed the world analogues" yet and they are not rolling them out!
      1. Igor
        Igor 13 June 2012 10: 29 New
        +6
        At least they would learn to make normal prostheses, otherwise everything is imported, and oh, how far to exoskeletons.
        1. snek
          snek 13 June 2012 10: 52 New
          +2
          Quote: Igorek
          At least they would learn to make normal prostheses, otherwise everything is imported, and oh, how far to exoskeletons.

          By the way, now a real breakthrough is underway on prostheses (although, unfortunately, not with us):
          http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dx5tLADzvg&feature=player_embedded
        2. Tirpitz
          Tirpitz 13 June 2012 10: 59 New
          +3
          Igor, You +, I also thought about prosthetics, you got ahead of me. We are to exoskeletons as to Washington on foot.
      2. Svistoplyaskov
        Svistoplyaskov 13 June 2012 10: 32 New
        +2
        But seriously:
        The Russian prototype of a combat exoskeleton is called the “21 Fighter,” though it’s more of an armored suit than a full-fledged exoskeleton. The development of the Russian exoskeleton is classified and little is known about its characteristics - the first prototype “Fighter-21”, presented at the Interpolitech exhibition in the 2009 year, weighed 36 kg and, according to the developers of the Central Research Institute of the RF Ministry of Defense, possessed high protective abilities. Today, the promised second prototype of the “21 Fighter” is under active development - the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation allocated about 100 million rubles for its creation. According to the terms of the military order, this armored kit should be lighter, equipped with survival systems for a fighter-operator, own weapons, effective control and autonomous energy supply. The new “21 Fighter” model will be completed by 2015 year.
        1. snek
          snek 13 June 2012 10: 43 New
          +6
          Svistoplyaskov In the photo that you brought not the whole kit. It also includes a plush dog in body armor:

          Here is the way and the article on the ax about him:
          http://topwar.ru/4198-boec-21-obgonit-konkurentov.html
          And yes, there are these wonderful, full of originality and novelty words:
          "Fighter-21" in its effectiveness will have no analogues in the world.

          by some characteristics already surpasses all its western competitors

          Just how much I did not look at this fighter, but I did not see the exoskeleton in it. Good armor - yes, an exoskeleton - well, only if well camouflaged.
          1. borisst64
            borisst64 13 June 2012 12: 00 New
            +1
            Will there be exoskeletons for dogs too? =))

            But seriously, I am conducting an analogue with laser simulators of shooting and destruction. Now we are told that we need to buy them together with a training center in Germany, as an ultramodern technology. And back in the 90s, we trained the fighters of the Pskov division on them. Although just as successfully all stolen unfortunately.
            I do not exclude that in Soviet times there were serious developments in this direction.
          2. Korvin
            Korvin 17 June 2012 00: 37 New
            +1
            It’s not an exoskeleton, the usual SIBZ project, plus electronics for communication and target designation, control. I don’t know if the Moscow Region will look at the Felino-Ratnik joint French-Russian hodgepodge.
          3. Mad robot
            Mad robot 24 June 2012 23: 46 New
            +1
            Quote: snek
            Just how much I did not look at this fighter, but I did not see the exoskeleton in it

            This refers to a passive exoskeleton (an example is a backpack with fastenings on the hips, also an exoskeleton). Do not count on more ....
    2. aksakal
      aksakal 13 June 2012 10: 33 New
      +2
      Quote: Igorek
      And what about exoskeletons? Probably, as always, by 202XXXXXX.

      - welcome, fellow countryman. You will not believe such studies are even being conducted in Kazakhstan. It must be assumed that in a more technologically advanced Russia they are being conducted precisely and they are definitely not in last place. I can say that in Kazakhstan there are the same problems - batteries, drives. As for management, it seems to be more successful - the so-called. They are trying to implement the "neuroelectronic interface" by intercepting nerve signals using an apparatus based on the so-called electromyography - there is such a medical apparatus that is expensive, it is used to diagnose muscle work ("myo") and the interaction of muscles with nerve endings. The signal flow from the "electromyograph" (and this device is non-invasive, that is, without penetration under the skin, which complicates the whole thing) must be processed by special software, the signal stream from the actual change in the coordinates of the limb and the speed of change of these coordinates (the actual speed) limb movements). Comparison of the two signal flows (and the signals from the electromyograph are several tens of milliseconds ahead of the movement itself, during this period of time you need to meet the command processor for processing the signal, issuing a feed, the action of the drive itself and controlling the actions of the drive. This requires a powerful processor) as conceived by the designers, it should lead to the training of this software for the timely supply of appropriate and accurate signals to exoskeleton drives. They try to conduct training using neural networks. In short, a good result will not be soon - (((((.
  • Artew
    Artew 13 June 2012 10: 14 New
    +2
    First, a skeleton will be hung, heavy machine guns will be added, then armored shields. and get a mini tank.
  • USNik
    USNik 13 June 2012 10: 27 New
    +1
    The Japanese fellows, carefully listened to the requirements
    the terms of reference for the EHPA program implies only the possibility of long-term carrying by a soldier in an exoskeleton of a cargo weighing about 100 kilograms and increasing its speed of movement.

    And did
    HAL-5 loading capacity does not exceed a couple of tens of kilograms. The situation is similar with the speed qualities of this development. The fact is that Japanese designers did not focus on military use, but on the rehabilitation of disabled people. Obviously, such users simply do not need high speed or carrying capacity.
    Handsome! laughing
    1. Tirpitz
      Tirpitz 13 June 2012 11: 02 New
      +1
      Why are you laughing at that? At least they did something, and we?
      1. snek
        snek 13 June 2012 11: 09 New
        +1
        Japanese generally got to this article in vain. This is not a military model and such characteristics as the load being lifted are not critical for them. But for rehabilitation in some cases, they will be simply priceless.
  • matex
    matex 13 June 2012 11: 38 New
    +2
    The Yapovsky exoskeleton is already similar to the outfit of the MassEffect game; the future, as they say, is just around the corner wink
  • Sanches
    Sanches 13 June 2012 11: 40 New
    +1
    cool thing, commercials can be equipped with machine guns and let them run around
    1. leon-iv
      leon-iv 13 June 2012 13: 51 New
      +2
      until the battery runs out.
      And how this fighter will get into the trench ari in the gap to dive fish.
  • Bort radist
    Bort radist 13 June 2012 12: 08 New
    -1
    Loading unloading - yes, But there are loaders, cranes. In space, an addition to the spacesuit, radiation is yes. In combat conditions - ????? I am sure no exoskeleton is capable of performing a somersault, etc. Inertia from decision making, even at the subconscious level, and the embodiment of this action with the help of drives! Imagine that you have 100 kg on your back, while running one of the arm and leg systems is damaged. Better in BMP. The developments are very promising, but in the future, a living fighter will not replace anything.
    1. Joker
      Joker 13 June 2012 18: 40 New
      +2
      You understand, all this load can be used not only for carrying cargo, but if you transfer not ammunition but armor? Those. make armor at least like an iron man in the film, and this exoskeleton will drag its weight, i.e. in fact, the soldier will be a sort of mini tank, the body armor cooling systems in the USA have been invented for a long time, just the developments with their helmet with an integrated display can be screwed on. These exoskeletons are the future, as well as the UAV.
    2. gor
      gor 23 June 2012 00: 14 New
      0
      like in a battle, everyone just does something that tumbles.))))))))))))))))) somersaults in action movies. There are more important things in battle. for example, how to choose the right position
  • Sobakin
    Sobakin 13 June 2012 12: 10 New
    +1
    So see the perfume sweeping the parade ground crowbars. All in exoskeletons.
  • Ergenekon
    Ergenekon 13 June 2012 12: 18 New
    +1
    waiting for robocop wassat
  • dred
    dred 13 June 2012 12: 40 New
    +2
    I think that the exoskeleton is still damp like Japanese iac and the American version.
    But after 5 years it can already be used in the troops. For example, you can introduce a class of heavy attack aircraft. Armament can serve as a large-caliber machine gun CORD.
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 13 June 2012 14: 19 New
      +1
      Quote: dred
      introduce class heavy attack aircraft

      - you mean heavy infantry? Especially for heavy assault operations? And then I thought something about the plane -))). I agree. It is for heavy assault operations, and I think, for secretive sabotage special operations, when you need to take a lot of cargo with you. But for this an atomic tablet is needed -))). Fighters will not agree. Well then come up with a thread. The British, they are ahead of the rest of the planet in biotechnology and biochemistry, cynically develop meat processing in a special tiny reactor, when the flesh in this reactor decomposes with the release of electrical energy. And it surprised me that in meat this energy is just a bunch! Yes, even in sunflower oil there is simply a lot of it - according to the discovery of sunflower oil per liter, a heavy diesel truck traveled a bunch of kilometers. Where did the meat come from? The British are so cynical and declare - war, right? Is this good will not roll everywhere wherever it falls? Directly somehow uncomfortable with such a technical solution.
  • AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 13 June 2012 16: 47 New
    +1
    For some reason, the exoskeleton is perceived as a suit with drives for dragging glands. It seems that it is possible to create exoskeletons not only for exertion and on other principles, for example, using elastic elements. It seems to me that it is most necessary to determine the standard armament of units and already develop an exoskeleton for armaments. Moreover, in my opinion, communication, warning and recognition systems will be universal.
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 13 June 2012 20: 25 New
      +1
      Quote: AK-74-1
      It seems that it is possible to create exoskeletons not only for exertion and on other principles, for example, using elastic elements.
      - I posted above that work is underway. But first of all, work is underway to simplify the exoskeleton. Soviet habit - is it possible to do the same, with the same properties, but simpler, which means more technologically advanced, reliable and cheaper? It turns out you can. And we have a prototype of such an exoskeleton. It is not for military purposes, for medical purposes. For those who have arthrosis, a weakened muscular system of the legs and other. It’s hard for anyone to walk, but for training purposes. On spring-loaded elements, torsion bars (for twisting), springs. And you do not need a sophisticated control system with complex software and a bunch of expensive sensors, there is no problem with the power system. And the musculoskeletal system when walking really unloads at times. It’s just for walking and you can sit on a chair, crawl on cramps, plastunsky or even sit on one knee for aiming - you can’t, therefore, it’s not necessary for the fighters to modify it. Then they panic - like, again, we’ll lag behind. Well, we’ll lag behind a bit, since they slowed down at the initial stage. We harness for a long time what is called. But I am sure that we will do better and easier. Neither the amers, nor the Israelis, nor the Yapis are soaring over simplification, there is a technical task or goal - they simply reach the easiest way and they are ready. Even the M-16 and AKM rifles are a prime example.
      Now, if the breakthrough is in the field of artificial muscles, and these developments are based on electroactive polymers (EAP), then the amers have made great progress there, then everything will be much more complicated. As far as I know, such developments have been mistaken in our country, they are not being conducted at all, there is not even any theoretical basis. Then on exoskeletons we can lag behind well.
  • Van
    Van 13 June 2012 19: 22 New
    +1
    Quote: snek
    A dozen horses will replace the truck and no problems with spare parts, fuel, etc. - Maybe you should return to horse drawn riding?


    And if for horses to develop a power exo-skeleton, then they will gallop at the speed of Ferarri laughing
  • SenyaYa
    SenyaYa 13 June 2012 20: 40 New
    -3
    Bullshit, these skeletons, a clumsy soldier in this bullshit are completely useless on the battlefield ...
  • aksakal
    aksakal 13 June 2012 22: 49 New
    +2
    Quote: SenyaYA
    Bullshit, these skeletons, a clumsy soldier in this bullshit are completely useless on the battlefield.
    - did you even watch the video? Where are they clumsy? But theoretically, you can stick kilowatt engines in the drives, and people will be very agile, can only the musculoskeletal system withstand it ?. Fir-trees, they don’t understand the idea, they don’t know physics, but they are in a hurry to print their conclusions
    1. snek
      snek 13 June 2012 23: 25 New
      +1
      "+" To you. People like to express their "fu" without even trying to get acquainted with the essence of the issue.
    2. SenyaYa
      SenyaYa 17 June 2012 14: 18 New
      0
      Anyway, I drank the dumb dull ... This money is better for a couple of new tanks to order ... And not to engage in garbage ... even on your exo-garbage also offer to put lasers from the American boeng
      1. gor
        gor 23 June 2012 00: 18 New
        0
        these are the first steps. now imagine such garbage weighing about 5 tons and with armor superior to any of even promising tanks. equipped with missiles and machine guns. who do you think the tank will be more mobile or is it something?
  • mind1954
    mind1954 14 June 2012 00: 12 New
    +1
    Well, you saw all kinds of mechanical donkeys .... !!!
    Of course, very close attention should be paid to this area.
    Attention !
  • AlexMH
    AlexMH 14 June 2012 00: 23 New
    +3
    We at the MSTU at the department are developing on this topic, have been going on for a long time. But the main problem is not in hydraulics, and not in control systems (that is, there are problems in bulk, but they are basically solvable) - the problem is in the power supply. It’s over at Fallow that everyone ran on micronuclear batteries, and real humanity does not yet have such compact energy sources. Here the commando’s battery ran out after 3 hours, and that’s it - drop the exoskeleton at the cost of a million bucks, load, and stomp a pawn. Until compact heavy-duty energy sources are created, the use of such exoskeletons will be extremely limited. But you still need to develop them - debug control systems, study kinematics, new drives (not necessarily hydraulic). And there you look and micronuclear batteries will arrive in time .. :)
    1. SenyaYa
      SenyaYa 17 June 2012 14: 19 New
      +1
      I fully agree with a smart person, competent by the way .... And then there are a lot of goremechaniks who do not rummage in a sausage scrap!
  • USNik
    USNik 14 June 2012 23: 09 New
    +1
    But the main problem is not in hydraulics, and not in control systems (that is, there are problems in bulk, but they are basically solvable) - the problem is in the power supply.

    Uh, what do you dislike about fuel cells? Or good old ICE? IMHO the main problem is precisely in the harmonious interaction of organics and mechanics.
    1. SenyaYa
      SenyaYa 17 June 2012 14: 21 New
      +1
      Che for nonsense ... ICE from a chainsaw chtole ????? 2kh tactnik or 4kh ???? Or maybe a rotor piston ???? from Mazda to put ??? Ahahaha
  • AlexMH
    AlexMH 15 June 2012 20: 46 New
    +1
    ICE? Behind the back? to put it mildly, annoying, and unmasks. For wheeled vehicles - yes, we have such a robot driving a diesel engine. And for the exoskeleton ... well, if only for the loaders :) But the fuel cells are still exotic, and their capacity is still not enough. Management problems are resolved more successfully.
  • Sehiru san
    Sehiru san 18 June 2012 15: 12 New
    0
    As always, the bottleneck is food. Prototypes work, but not for long. When there will be a breakthrough in batteries, there will be combat exoskeletons (mechanized armor). For now, all this is at the level of experiments, and is unlikely to be widely used.
  • scientist cat
    scientist cat 23 June 2012 22: 54 New
    0
    Exoskeleton development is necessary, the sooner the better.
    In the near future, despite the imperfection of nutrients, exoskeletons can already be used in the army.
    Exoskeleton batteries will be recharged from the mains, as will electric cars, and on the march you will have to either replace the discharged batteries with spare ones or recharge them from an internal combustion engine, such as a tank or infantry fighting vehicle.
  • Gonoriy
    Gonoriy 31 March 2015 22: 21 New
    0
    It’s very interesting, but still damp. In about 10-15 years, they’ll probably go to the test operation in the troops. We’ll see.