Military Review

ABM A-135 Amur in 2018 year. Modernization continues

26
At the beginning of the nineties, an anti-missile defense system of Moscow and the Amur A-135 central industrial region took up combat-duty watch. In the middle of the same decade, the complex was officially adopted and entered into full-fledged combat duty. Over the past decades, various components of a unique system have become obsolete morally and physically, resulting in a new modernization program. A number of important activities aimed at updating and improving the А-135 system were carried out last year.


First last year news about the system "Cupid" appeared in late January. As reported by the TV channel Zvezda, the calculation of the radar station Don-2Н conducted exercises to detect and repel a massive nuclear missile strike by a conventional enemy. According to the legend of the exercise, the enemy launched a large number of intercontinental ballistic missiles from all main directions. Radar "Don-2H" successfully discovered all these targets, and also highlighted the "real" combat units and took them to escort. Anti-missile launches were not carried out as part of this training.



In the context of the exercises at the station "Don-2N" curious statements were made. The head of the department of combat algorithms and programs, Colonel Ildar Tagiyev told the press about current work and their specifics. According to him, at present, the А-135 system is undergoing a profound modernization aimed at improving its characteristics. The peculiarity of the current work is that the modernization is carried out without removing the components of the system from combat duty.

Soon Russia Today news agency published new details of the current program. It also quoted Colonel I. Tagiyev, who noted that in the near future new missile defense systems should be on duty. They will differ from the existing ones by wider possibilities. At the same time, the Amur system is able to repel a blow from any direction. At that time, according to the officer, the modernization of the missile defense complex was in the final stages.

5 February The Department of Information and Mass Communications of the Ministry of Defense announced the launch of a new A-135 missile defense system. The combat crew of the Don-2Н radar station and other components of the system again had to look for training targets and work out actions to repel a massive nuclear missile strike.

New messages on the development of the national missile defense appeared in just a few days. February 12 newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda announced a new test launch of the interceptor missile. According to the newspaper, a new launch of an unnamed anti-rocket missile was launched at the Sary-Shagan test site in Kazakhstan. The product successfully hit the conditional target and showed the specified accuracy. Also in the publication of the Red Star, the current modernization of the missile defense system of Moscow and the central industrial region was again mentioned.

Soon the Ministry of Defense published a video of the test launch. It should be noted that the Ministry of Defense and the "Red Star" in their publications did not indicate the type of the tested antimissile. Nevertheless, an assumption appeared among the experts and on specialized resources, according to which the upgraded tests of the upgraded missile PRS-1М / 45Т6 took place. For some time after the article and video, the discussion of the promising missile and its potential continued in the context of the development of the national missile defense system. Even the lack of data on the new project did not prevent such a discussion.

1 April, the press service of the Ministry of Defense told about the next test launch of a modernized interceptor missile. The event leaders noted that the launch was successful, and the anti-missile was able to hit a conventional target at a specified time. Also, a video was published showing the process of preparing for launch, as well as the launch of the rocket from the launcher and the beginning of movement along the trajectory. As before, the product was called the “modernized rocket” - without specifying the type and modification.



On July 20, the Defense Ministry again talked about the test launch of the anti-missile system and published a video from the test site. As before, the launch was successful and ended with the destruction of a conditional target that imitated the means of a conditional enemy nuclear-missile strike. Any technical details were not disclosed again.

The next test launch of the interceptor missile of a new modification - presumably ORS-1M - was reported on August 30. Together with a short press release and publication in an official publication of the Ministry of Defense, a video was shot at the Sary-Shagan test site. Once again, anti-missile tests have been recognized as successful. The product reached the set trajectory and struck a conventional goal.

On the first day of winter, the military department reported on the next test launch of an anti-missile missile. The calculation of aerospace forces prepared the upgraded product for launch, and then used it to defeat a conventional target. The latter was successfully hit, and the rocket confirmed the inherent characteristics.

On December 6, the command of the air and missile defense of the Air and Space Forces of Russia summed up the year. In the past, 2018 was conducted by a total of more than 220 exercises of various levels. At the same time, however, the command did not specify what proportion of such events was carried out for the purpose of training and testing the calculation skills of the strategic missile defense of Moscow. In official reports of the Ministry of Defense, only two such exercises were mentioned.

At the same time, it is known that in the 2018 year, the Aerospace Forces carried out five test launches of an upgraded interceptor missile intended for use as part of the updated Amur A-135 system. Due to the high responsibility and secrecy, detailed plans in this context were not reported, but it was mentioned that the new missile could be put into service soon.

***

According to known data, the development of the anti-missile defense system A-135 Amur was launched in the early seventies. The new system was considered as a replacement for the existing A-35 complex. Due to the extreme complexity of the program, development work on a large number of individual projects has been carried out for a long time, right up to the early nineties. In particular, for testing all the basic elements of the future A-135 combat system, an experienced A-135P complex was built at the Sary-Shagan test site.



At the very end of the eightieth, the Amur A-135 system, which was deployed in the Moscow region, passed state tests, after which it received a recommendation to be put on duty. Soon, the components of the system began operational combat duty, which lasted several years. Only in 1995 was the official adoption of the missile defense system in service with the subsequent setting on combat duty.

According to open sources, several major components were present in the A-135 system. The task of monitoring the situation and searching for targets in the atmosphere and beyond the atmospheric space is assigned to the 5H20 radar station Don-2Н. The radar is connected with the command-computing point 5К80, the main element of which is the Elbrus computer complex. This element of the system provides for the processing of data on targets and the management of fire weapons.

Radar "Don-2" is capable of simultaneously accompanying over a hundred ballistic targets. In parallel, it can manage the guidance of several dozen antimissiles. In different sources, the number of guided missiles varies from 30-40 to 100.

In the past, the Amur system included anti-missile interceptors of the 51Т6 type. According to various sources, there were at least two shooting complexes on duty with such weapons. The 51Т6 missiles could attack ballistic targets at ranges of at least 300-350 km and at altitudes up to 150-200 km. The anti-missile 51T6 was in service until the 2005 year. It is curious that because of the general secrecy regime, this decision of the Ministry of Defense became known only a few years later, at the beginning of the current decade. After abandoning 51Т6, the A-135 system was left without long-range interception.

In service remains the short-range interceptor 53Т6, also known under the designation PRS-1. This product is capable of hitting ballistic targets at ranges up to 100 km and altitudes up to 40-50 km. Initially, such a rocket was an addition to the 51Т6 interceptors with a longer range. According to foreign data, there are now five firing systems with 12 antimissiles on each on duty - all 68 missiles of the type ORS-1, ready for immediate launch.

A large-scale modernization program for the A-135 PRO system is currently being implemented, the objectives of which are the updating of various components and the improvement of the main characteristics of the complex as a whole. In a number of sources, the Amur modernization project is referred to as A-235 and under the code Samolet-M. According to the news of recent years, the А-135 modernization project has already reached the stage of immediate renovation of the material part.



Last year, the replacement of radar equipment "Don-2N" was mentioned. Similar procedures are apparently being carried out on other components of the anti-missile defense system. An important feature of the program is to perform work on objects without suspending their combat duty. Due to this, the aerospace forces receive new opportunities, but they do not even temporarily lose the ability to solve their tasks.

Since 2017, the Russian defense industry has been testing a promising interceptor missile, the 1, based on the serial 53Т6, at the Sary-Shagan test site. The exact characteristics of ORS-1M are still unknown; The same is true of information on the capabilities of such an antimissile. However, earlier in different sources figured the expected growth of the main characteristics. According to some estimates, the rocket will also be able to carry out so-called. Kinetic interception - to hit the target due to a direct collision with it.

***

According to statements by officials, the existing missile defense system of Moscow and the central industrial region in its current form is capable of fully solving the assigned tasks. She can monitor the environment, identify threats in a timely manner, and then respond to them in the right way. The entire system, including several separate components for different purposes, can repel a massive nuclear missile strike using modern weapons.

The A-135 Amur system has a fairly high potential, but the Ministry of Defense and the military-industrial complex are carrying out a program for its modernization. This project provides for the renewal of the material part through the introduction of new components, including the promising interceptor missile. It is expected that this will lead to an additional increase in basic tactical and technical characteristics and combat qualities.

The upgraded missile defense system will be able to continue service and, if necessary, respond correctly to emerging threats. The modernization program is not yet complete, but some of its stages have already been completed. Thus, over the next few years, Amur will be fully updated to obtain all the desired results.

On the materials of the sites:
http://mil.ru/
http://tvzvezda.ru/
https://russian.rt.com/
http://redstar.ru/
http://rg.ru/
http://tass.ru/
http://militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-901.html
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26 comments
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  1. Hole puncher
    Hole puncher 10 January 2019 06: 30
    0
    The calculation of aerospace forces prepared the upgraded product for launch, and then used it to hit a conditional target. ... The latter was successfully hit

    Conditional goal, i.e. not existing in nature successfully hit! Oh how ...
    PS: Why bother with mock-ups or targets at landfills? You can not spend a lot of money and shoot at conventional targets. Tankers for conventional tanks, anti-aircraft gunners and pilots for conventional aircraft, such a state is kept on creating a target situation ...
    1. Jurkovs
      Jurkovs 10 January 2019 08: 10
      +6
      Conditional goal, i.e. not existing in nature successfully hit! Oh how ...

      Do not simplify. Nuclear missiles are not at all possible to test in full size version. All tests take place in parts and often by mathematical modeling methods. For example, the Americans have never experienced a volley launch of missiles from submarines, but for some reason they are confident in its feasibility. In short, the battle will show who means what.
      1. Hole puncher
        Hole puncher 10 January 2019 08: 39
        +2
        Quote: Jurkovs
        For example, the Americans have never experienced a volley launch of missiles from submarines, but for some reason they are confident in its feasibility.

        Americans, like us, are testing the ICBMs for range and accuracy, and these are not conditional tests. Those. there is a high probability that the ICBM launched from the SSBN will fly to the target and destroy it.
        In the case of missile defense systems, responsibility is much higher. A missile should destroy the BB with a probability of 100%, otherwise there is no sense in it and for this it must confirm this realistically, not conditionally.
        Air defense units also conduct exercises with conditional goals and starts, but at the same time they annually go to the training grounds to confirm skills for real goals.
        1. Alexey Vasilievich I
          Alexey Vasilievich I 13 January 2019 02: 28
          +1
          "The interceptor missile must destroy the BB with a probability of 100%, otherwise there is no point in it and for this it must confirm this in reality, and not conditionally."
          How do you "really" imagine? Or do you think it is necessary to arrange nuclear explosions over the territory of Kazakhstan ???
    2. Ruslan
      Ruslan 10 January 2019 11: 53
      0
      generally a ballistic missile-sized missile, this is not serious. they will not be able to produce a lot, they are not mobile, probably very expensive. because of this, the missile component does not make sense. I don’t understand how the Americans shoved their anti-ballistic missile into the MK cells, why did we get such huge ones? why do not they make on the basis of missiles from s-400 and future s-500? in general, such a system alarms me, if with the radars most likely the norms, then with the missiles I do not understand what is happening.
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 10 January 2019 18: 40
        +1
        Quote: ruslan
        I don’t understand how the Americans shoved their anti-ballistic missile into the mk cells, why we got such huge

        Because the A-135 should not be compared with the modern American missile defense, but with the Safeguard system conceptually close to it. This is the first.
        And secondly, look at the Ground-based Midcourse Defense missiles - they are also far from miniature, despite the use of a kinetic interceptor instead of YaBCh.
      2. Alexey Vasilievich I
        Alexey Vasilievich I 13 January 2019 02: 48
        0
        "I don't understand how the Americans stuffed their anti-missile missile into the cells of the MK, why did we have such huge ones? Why don't they make on the basis of missiles from the S-400 and future S-500?"
        Everything is very simple - a lot of payload. For mattresses - kinetic, for us - BCH. It weighs much more, but also more reliable, in my opinion, than kinetic. For kinetic warheads, perfect accuracy is extremely important. And at such interception speeds and sizes (!) Of the BB ICBM, there can be no 100% guarantee of a direct hit even if they accurately calculate the trajectory.
  2. zulusuluz
    zulusuluz 10 January 2019 07: 07
    -3
    The conditional target in the tests is imitated by a target rocket. Otherwise, electronic starts are performed.
    1. Hole puncher
      Hole puncher 10 January 2019 07: 53
      +3
      Quote: zulusuluz
      The conditional target in the tests is imitated by a target rocket.

      The target rocket is a training target. A conditional goal is not materially existing; this is the meaning of the word “conditional”.
  3. vvvjak
    vvvjak 10 January 2019 08: 13
    +1
    "In a number of sources, the Amur modernization project is referred to as A-235 and under the code “Samolet-M”."
    A-235 is called "Nudol" or I'm confusing something.
  4. kvs207
    kvs207 10 January 2019 08: 48
    +1
    In the mid-80s, as part of 376 VSO, he participated in the construction of one of the BSPs. I once looked at Google Earth, which is now there and was surprised - it is built around so that you can’t turn around.
  5. Vlad5307
    Vlad5307 10 January 2019 11: 57
    +2
    Quote: Puncher
    The calculation of aerospace forces prepared the upgraded product for launch, and then used it to hit a conditional target. ... The latter was successfully hit

    Conditional goal, i.e. not existing in nature successfully hit! Oh how ...
    PS: Why bother with mock-ups or targets at landfills? You can not spend a lot of money and shoot at conventional targets. Tankers for conventional tanks, anti-aircraft gunners and pilots for conventional aircraft, such a state is kept on creating a target situation ...

    Cute Puncher ,. Have you heard about such methods as mathematical modeling of various situations? On the basis of which the majority of such large-scale tests of defense systems take place. hi
    1. Hole puncher
      Hole puncher 10 January 2019 20: 26
      +1
      Quote: Vlad5307
      Have you heard about such methods as mathematical modeling of various situations?

      Why are you telling me this, tell General Lt Humanny, why does he drive calculations from all over the country to Kapustin Yar, after all, “mathematical modeling is enough. And why spend so much money on a landfill, after all, this is a waste of funds? Well, according to your thesis .. I will not call him cute, I am of traditional orientation, but do not worry, I am calm about your brother.
  6. ares1988
    ares1988 10 January 2019 12: 52
    0
    Interesting: what is the likelihood of BB damage in a massive exchange? 50 percent? Does anyone have any suggestions on this?
  7. mashinist
    mashinist 10 January 2019 13: 12
    +2
    So it has a nuclear warhead!
  8. Old26
    Old26 10 January 2019 13: 21
    +2
    Quote: Puncher
    Conditional goal, i.e. not existing in nature successfully hit! Oh how ...

    Evgeniy! EMNIP real defeat at Sary-Shagan was only a couple of times. And even then EMNIP fired an anti-missile V-1000 at a real R-12 missile launched from Kapustin Yar. The warhead on the V-1000 was fragmentation and the target was successfully hit. And so, as you rightly said, "In a conditional battle, the conditional enemy was conditionally shot down." We sometimes scoff at the failures of the American missile defense system when their anti-missile missiles fail to hit their targets. But they have both anti-missiles and targets - real products "in hardware."
    And in our country, according to the terms of the exercises, if the interceptor is at a certain distance from the conditional point of finding the target, it is considered hit. This would be permissible in the presence of a nuclear charge on missiles, but now even our open sources write that on the new missile defense system we will also implement kinetic interception. And there you need not hitting the missile at the conditional point of finding the target, but hitting the real target, which is called "head-on".
  9. Vadim237
    Vadim237 10 January 2019 13: 44
    -1
    Such systems should be throughout the country "National Missile Defense System"
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 12 January 2019 18: 04
      0
      Quote: Vadim237
      Such systems should be throughout the country "National Missile Defense System"

      Should. But since it is expensive, they guard only the Kremlin.
  10. Operator
    Operator 10 January 2019 14: 53
    +1
    Quote: Old26
    it is not necessary to hit the missile at the conditional point of finding the target, but to hit the real target, which is called "head-on"

    The PRS-1М / 45Т6 atmospheric missile is fundamentally not equipped with a kinetic interceptor, since it flies to the target in the plasma cloud and therefore uses external target designation from the ground-based radar via radio signals that pass through the channel pierced in the plasma by the freon current emitted in flight from end of the rocket.

    Interception is carried out by shrapnel or nuclear warheads.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 10 January 2019 16: 36
      -1
      Not there any freon.
  11. san4es
    san4es 10 January 2019 17: 53
    +1
    53T6 (PRS-1) - a missile that forms the basis of the A-135 system. Designed to intercept targets at close range .... soldier
  12. rayruav
    rayruav 10 January 2019 22: 11
    0
    I can’t say anything on the topic, but people argue, notice if you are either an amateur or you’re out of date why argue about what you are not talking about and on the other hand, this site provokes us all into disputes, there are hardly any disputes on Einstein’s theory of relativity although people don’t rummage this is not an ego, it is an ego feature of each individual educated
  13. Doliva63
    Doliva63 12 January 2019 18: 08
    0
    If everything is okay, as I understand it, only us will crash, for the missile defense only covers Moscow, and we do not live there. Well, for Moscow! drinks
  14. mult-65
    mult-65 13 January 2019 22: 27
    0
    Moscow and its environs are reliably protected! Sleep peacefully home country! But beyond the Moscow Ring Road there is no life. winked
  15. CaptainObvious
    CaptainObvious 9 February 2019 01: 43
    -1
    I do not understand why we do not place the A-235 positional areas along the borders? In the event of war, we will knock down all this crap flying in our direction with nuclear missiles over the territory of Central Europe! After all, the ABM treaty has been annulled for 20 years, we can put anti-missiles where we want not only near Moscow. We should have such a message to them!
  16. storm
    storm 17 March 2019 00: 05
    +1
    The armament remains the interceptor missile echelon 53T6, also known under the designation PRS-1. This product is capable of hitting ballistic targets at ranges up to 100 km and altitudes up to 40-50 km. Initially, such a missile was an addition to the 51T6 interceptors with a greater range of 300-350 km

    With 51T6 long-range missiles, the A-135 "Amur" system actually covered the Central Industrial Region within a radius of 300-350 km from Moscow.
    Now "Amur" covers only the Moscow region, since the 53T6 in service have a range of only 100 km.
    In Russia, 10-12 regional missile defense systems should be created to cover the main industrial and densely populated centers and have 24-32 missile defense on each missile defense system, then our country will be protected from a missile attack at the US level,
    where a layered missile defense system is being created with sea Aegis, Anti-ballistic missiles in Alaska, and TNAAD ground systems in the United States.