Another Lend-Lease. Light multipurpose armored personnel carrier Universal Carrier

The nationality of our next hero is always hidden. He can be both American, and British, and Canadian. And maybe an Australian or even a New Zealander. It can be different. Perform completely different functions in different armies of the world.




But at the same time, he is the main armored personnel carrier of the armies of the countries of the British Commonwealth of Nations and the most massive armored personnel carrier of the Second World War. From 1937 to 1945 years of such machines made about 90 000 units!

So, our story today is about the Universal Carrier multi-purpose armored personnel carrier.



We will tell you about a car that had so many modifications that it just captures the spirit. A car that fought in the British, Australian, Canadian, New Zealand and even Indian armies. A car that fought on the eastern front on both sides. And for the Red Army and the Wehrmacht.



Another Lend-Lease. Light multipurpose armored personnel carrier Universal Carrier


To understand this machine, you just need to know the options for use. Otherwise, it seems that completely different conveyors were made on the same chassis. Here with a list of modifications and begin.

The Bren Carrier Mk 1 (11) is a basic version of an armored personnel carrier for infantry. Combat weight 3,75 t, booking 10 mm, crew 4 man. Armament: Bren 7,7-mm machine gun. From 1938 to 1940, Thornycroft manufactured 1173 units.

It is this thing in many documents called as "conveyor for the machine gun" Bren "or just" Bren ".



Scout Carrier - reconnaissance option. In comparison with the base, it was additionally equipped with a radio station №11 and a Boys anti-tank gun. Armored was only starboard. Crew 3 man. Manufactured by 647 units.



Cavalry Carrier - modification, intended for mechanized cavalry regiments. The boards were unarmored, the radio station number 11 and protective awning were installed. Crew 6 man. Manufactured by 50 units.

AOP Carrier Mk 1 (11) - the machine of advanced artillery observers. Structurally and layout similar to Cavalry Carrier. Manufactured by 95 units.

Universal Carrier Mk 1 (11, III) —The mainstream serial English version. The welded hull, open on top, is a simple rectangular shape, running gear with three support rollers. Machines of different years of release had minor differences in the design of the power plant, body and equipment.



Universal Carrier Mk I * (C01UC) is a Canadian version of an armored personnel carrier, identical in design and appearance to the English version. Combat weight 3,56 t, Ford V-8 engine with 85 horsepower

In addition to the main one, the variants C21UCM (self-propelled 3-inch mortar) and C21UCG (self-propelled 2-pound anti-tank gun, manufactured by 20 units in 1942) were produced. Ford Motor Stock and Dominion Bridge Stock manufactured 1941 1945 units from 28 to 992 year.

MG Carrier (LP No. 1, 2,2А) is a variant produced in Australia. The welded body and chassis are similar to the Universal Carrier Mk I. Combat weight 3,68 t, Ford V-8 engine, power 95 hp Manufactured by 5500 units.

Loyd Carrier is a version with four road wheels, developed in 1940 by the English company Vivian Loyd & Co. Combat weight 3,78 t, dimensions 4140x2070x1422 mm. Ford V-8 engine with power 85 hp

In addition to the English, on parts of the machines were installed American Ford engines 85, 90 and 95 HP. It was manufactured by Loyd, Dennis, Ford (4213 units in 1943 — 1944 years), Sentinel and Wolseley.

Windsor Carrier Mk I (C49WC) - Canadian chetyrehkatkovy armored personnel carrier.

Combat weight 4,67 t, dimensions 4370x2110x1450 mm (height with awning - 2030 mm). Ford V-8 engine with power 95 hp, speed 50 km / h. In 1944 — 1945 by Ford Motor Co. and Canadian Bridge Co., manufactured 5000 units.



Universal Carrier T16 - American version of an armored personnel carrier, developed by the British order. The hull is similar to the Universal Carrier Mk I. Chassis with four road wheels. Combat weight 4,76 t, dimensions 3860x2110x1550 mm. Ford GAU-T16 engine rated at 100l.s at 3600 rpm, max, speed 48,3 km / h. Crew 5 man. From 1943 to 1945 year manufactured 13 893 units.

2 208 units of this armored personnel carrier were delivered to the Soviet Union.

Naturally, these vehicles went to reconnaissance units of tank and mechanized units and formations. Such as motorcycle reconnaissance battalions, motorcycle regiments, tank brigades of mechanized corps. Soviet soldiers successfully used these kids until the end of the war.



At this point, most often you have to write that there was no such machine in the Red Army. It is quite possible to agree with this, if we consider this car by its name and purpose. But ... In the USSR by this time a whole gamut of similar conveyors was developed! But they were called light tractors.

Remember the "pioneer" "Pioneer" 37 plant them. Ordzhonikidze, sample 1937 of the year. More precisely, two "Pioneers". Options B1, where the troops sat with their feet out, and B2, with the troops with their feet inward. Yes, these machines have been released for all 50 units. They did not take root in the troops due to the small capacity and instability on the turns. And the force of this tractor left much to be desired.



But created in the same factory at the end of 1936, the designer N.A. Asterov a full-fledged high-speed armored tracked tractor "Komsomolets" T-20 (factory index 020) was really good.



In principle, if the production capacity of the USSR would allow to release this tractor further (production stopped in 1941 year due to the need to manufacture light tanks), then its transformation into a carrier for infantry would be quite logical.

The subjunctive with regard to technical engineering and design decisions is risky. In hindsight, you can always find the right way to resolve some long-standing technical and technological problems. Yes, and "make big eyes" is the same obvious solution!

So back to our hero. Moreover, the process of "birth" of the "Universal" and "Komsomolets" is almost the same. "Parents" of these machines for a long time engaged in light tanks. And the development time of the machine is almost identical.

The first samples of the family of armored personnel carriers, created on the basis of a light tanker (wedge) "Vikkers-Karden-Loyd", were released in 1937-1938 years. These were low, open-top armored vehicles adapted for the installation of the Vickers and Bren machine guns.



Western experts generally consider the Englishwoman a prototype for most European tankettes. But the British army did not take the car. No improvements were made to success. We can assume that this machine is unsuccessful initially.

Universal armored personnel carrier - "Universal", appeared in 1940 year. It was intended for use as a reconnaissance vehicle in infantry and reconnaissance units, a tractor for artillery systems, observation and command vehicles, transporters for machine guns, mortars and flamethrowers.



Consider the car more closely. The undercarriage of the first modifications was carried out with three support rollers on board, subsequent modifications had four support rollers on board. The suspension of these machines is blocked on two rollers with coil springs. The caterpillar is a fine-metal metal.



The drive was carried out from a four-stroke V-shaped gasoline engine "Ford" power 100 hp The engine was installed in the power compartment, located in the aft part of the machine, there is also mounted a manual 5-speed gearbox and side clutches.



Office of command and landing located in front of the machine. Here, depending on the purpose of the vehicle, weapons, equipment or troops were deployed in the number of 3-4 people.









The low ground pressure (of the order of 0,45 kg / sq. Cm) and the presence of a powerful engine enabled the designers to combine in the machine two often mutually exclusive qualities — high throughput and speed.

Once in childhood, the friend of the father of one of the authors of this material, the one-armed tank scout, told about the American on whom he fought. Then the story sounded like a legend. And only after the passage of time, it became clear that the talk in this story was about the "Universal".



Soviet scouts treated this armored vehicle ambiguously. On the one hand, the car is simple and speedy enough. And for a soldier it is always better to go badly than to go well. On the other hand, the car "mocked" scouts in full.

The fact is that intelligence was recruited by people of fairly powerful build. And the soldiers' uniform was not from modern materials. Especially in winter. Padded jackets, overcoats, wadded pants. And in the design of the "Universal" was one chip that made the life of the landing (in summer), then the group commander and driver (in winter) simply unbearable.



The location of the engine in the stern forced the designers to position the engine hood in the troop compartment. A sort of "table" in the middle. And the scouts were sitting with their backs to the sides, knees resting on this table! Moreover, given the size of the soldiers and the dimensions of the car, it was also problematic to move the knees away from the hood. Now imagine a summer somewhere in the south of Russia. And the hot engine hood, in which you rest your knees.

True, the commander and driver in the department of management in this version only laughed. They did not come into contact with hot metal. On the contrary, the breeze blew. Not riding, but a resort.

But in winter, the commander and the driver, at any stop, moved "to sit on the table" in the troop compartment. The breeze made a ride in the torture department in the winter. It was then that scouts were already laughing ...

Under the Lend-Lease, the Red Army was supplied only by the Universal car Mk1. Other modifications to the Soviet soldiers were not intended. That versatility and attracted the command of our army in these machines.





For completeness, the story about this car is to give an example of the combat use of this armored personnel carrier. The story that we publish today is not a memory, but a description of the feat in the award list of the Soviet soldier.

At the end of 1943, the Soviet troops defeated the fascists on the r. Dairy, came to Perekop. Brigades of the 19 tank corps dismembered the mountain rifle division of the Nazis. Enemy columns rushed along the steppe, hoping to break away from our troops and make their way to the Crimea.

Observation of one of these columns until the approach of our units was assigned to the reconnaissance group Lieutenant Galyamov. The group had two Universal armored personnel carriers and a motorcycle with a sidecar.

“In the Novo-Natalyivka area, one of the armored personnel carriers of our reconnaissance group fired at the enemy and stepped off the stacks of straw. Here the scouts seized the“ tongue ”- a lingering soldier from the Hitlerite column.

The prisoner turned out to be a clerk of the division headquarters. He said that the command of the column with a group of soldiers had gone ahead. The scouts rushed in the direction indicated. And indeed, in 10 km south of Novo-Natalyivka, they found a group of fascists in corn.

Having come under fire from an armored personnel carrier machine gun, the Nazis surrendered. The deputy commander of the mountain rifle division, the chief of staff and the chief of the sanitary service were taken prisoner along with the guard soldiers. "

In principle, this story can be completed. But there is one question that quite often sounds after the story about this car. Steering wheel! The Universal was driven not by levers, like a tank or tractor, but by an automobile steering wheel. In the first half of the 20 century, a tracked vehicle with a "car" control.



The subtext of the question is clear. And if the wheel was not on the wheel version of the conveyor? What would seem to be easier to go the same way that the Americans walked. “Plant” a ready-made body on the truck chassis and get a wheeled armored vehicle or wheeled armored personnel carrier.



Indeed, such attempts were. The British decided to go this way first. They did not even look for a new chassis. In 1940, the Universal's corps was seated on the chassis of the Guy armored car. However, such a symbiosis led only to the deterioration of the characteristics of the machine.

The next attempt to "hit around" "Universal" was made by Canadians in 1944 year. The designers tried to place the body on the chassis of the Canadian Ford truck 4х4. The result was about the same as the British. Both options wheel "Universal" and remained experienced.

Well, the traditional TTX armored personnel carrier Universal Carrier Mk I



Mass, t: 3,7

Crew, people: 4-5
Sizes, mm:
length - 3657,
width - 2057,
height —1588,
clearance - 203.

Armament: 1 anti-tank gun Boys caliber 13,97 mm, 1 machine gun Bren caliber 7,7 mm (could be installed anti-aircraft gun Bren).
Ammunition: 80 cartridges caliber 13,97 mm, 900 cartridges caliber 7,7 mm.



Reservations, mm:
forehead —10,
board and feed —7.



Engine: Ford 6AE, 8-cylinder, carburetor, four-stroke, V-shaped, liquid cooled; power 60 hp at 2840 rpm; working volume 3600 cm2.



Speed ​​km / h: 40
Power reserve, km: 180

Obstacle obstacles:
angle of rise, degrees - 28,
wall height, m ​​- 0,5,
pit width, m — 1,6,
ford depth, m - 0,6.
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  1. tasha 5 January 2019 07: 01 New
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    An interesting article and is very suitable for a site called "Military Review". I think the authors need to work more in this direction ...
  2. Amurets 5 January 2019 07: 06 New
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    And in the USSR, at the beginning of the 30s, T-27 wedges were produced on the modernized base of the Vickers Carden-Lloyd MK-IV wedges. In early 1930, the UK was visited by a commission led by the head of the mechanization and motorization department (UMM) of the Red Army, I. A. Khalepsky, and the head of the tank design and engineering bureau S. A. Ginzburg. The commission had the objectives to familiarize themselves with advanced models of foreign tank building and, if possible, to purchase them. The commission was shown the Carden-Loyd Mk.IV wedge, the most successful in its class (exported to sixteen countries of the world). The commission decided to purchase 20 tankettes, technical documentation and a production license in the USSR. In August 1930, a wedge heel was shown to representatives of the Red Army command (including Tukhachevsky) and made a good impression. It was decided to organize its large-scale production. The T-27 was launched in 1931 by the Bolshevik plant (45 cars were produced), then plant No. 37 and the automobile assembly plant No. 1. In total, 3342 tankettes were delivered to the army. The release of the T-27, unlike the release of other tanks at that time, was not accompanied by great difficulties, since the wedge was very technological (automobile units were widely used). https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2-27.
    1. igordok 5 January 2019 10: 24 New
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      Crew, people: 4-5

      Typically, the crew indicate the armored personnel carrier - usually 2 people. and landing capacity.
      1. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 00 New
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        Himself drew attention to this. Apparently, the authors did not inspect in a hurry, but the text says about the driver and commander.
  3. Grad-Xnumx 5 January 2019 07: 09 New
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    Thank you for the article!
    What is known for the supply of battleship for Lend-Lease in the USSR?
    Was the battleship used for its intended purpose?
    1. Lamatinets 5 January 2019 07: 37 New
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      No, there was no BS, although when moving from England he carried a BS to protect the convoy. Ours just mastered Arkhangelsk, and there was no BS. Maybe took part in repelling raids?
    2. Graz 5 January 2019 09: 20 New
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      junk we slipped with more than half worn equipment
      https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Royal_Sovereign_(1915)
    3. Potter 5 January 2019 10: 58 New
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      This is not a Lend-Lease delivery. Not a topic of discussion in this series. Royal Sovereign - USSR compensation for its share in the division of the Italian fleet. The condition of all ships of the R series (almost 30 years old and continuous sailing in 1939-1943) by the time of the transfer was deplorable. Large surface ships were no longer with the Germans in the north at that time. And any exit of this old monster into the sea turned it into a target for the German submarines, which abounded here until the end of the war. There were no difficulties with mastering the technique either - the Englishwoman was lying about it. Turbines and boilers are almost like on the Baltic battleships, and the crew was assembled from them. Anti-aircraft artillery was powerful, the battleship was included in the air defense system of the main base of the SF.
      Then, instead of Arkhangelsk, the USSR received Novorossiysk, the Italian Giulio Cesare.
      As for the Universal, he and our Komsomolets really have one ancestor, the Vickers-Carden-Lloyd wedge. There were 27 Komsomol members in the state of SD and MD in IPTAD, at 18 vocational schools. In 1941, they were often used for other purposes, including to cover infantry attacks like wedges. Built 7800 pieces, a mass machine. Production was discontinued due to the introduction of the T-60 tank, then the T-70.
      The article is a big plus.
      1. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 04 New
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        And you plus for an informative comment.
    4. Potter 5 January 2019 14: 05 New
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      And, by the way, the topic of marine Lend-Lease is also extremely interesting. Battleship, cruiser, 9 destroyers and 4PL formally pass as "trophies", and basically, except for the submarines, it was old. But 3 armed icebreakers, 28 TFRs (frigates), 99 TSC, 200 TKA, 73 BOs, 60 MOs, 50 DS, more than 120 large sea transports are Lend-Lease in its pure form, and these are mainly new ships. Deliveries to the SF minesweepers, BO and TKA were more than timely and useful. However, this is its own special topic, touched upon in marine literature.
      1. serg.shishkov2015 5 January 2019 15: 09 New
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        I found only one Lend-Lease icebreaker on the ship’s website - * Montcalm *, can you tell me about the rest? Thanks in advance!
        1. Potter 5 January 2019 15: 31 New
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          North wind, North Pole and Adm. Makarov. The American coast guard icebreakers, built in 1943, were transferred to the USSR at the beginning of 1944. . As part of the fleet and Glavsevmorputi until 1951, then served in the United States BO for another 30 years. Montcalm - an old icebreaker 1904 built.
      2. serg.shishkov2015 5 January 2019 15: 17 New
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        these destroyers were no longer destroyers - the Americans converted them into escort destroyers, leaving out of the armament of the GK 1 102-mm gun and 1 3-pipe TA, but strengthened the air defense and anti-aircraft defense systems with the appropriate detection equipment, very necessary ships for us!
        1. Potter 5 January 2019 16: 21 New
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          Exactly. On their account, several sunken submarines, one died from a torpedo submarine.
          1. serg.shishkov2015 6 January 2019 08: 48 New
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            de facto, they were our best anti-submariners in that war, de jure frigates like * Tacoma * or, according to our classification, TFR type F, although the Americans themselves * didn’t like * Tacoma * because of the weak main caliber - 3 76 mm universal guns and without armor, BUT 63 thousand shells of anti-aircraft ammunition! and if memory serves-560 conventional and jet depth charges
        2. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 12 New
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          On the American ships stood "Asdiqi" to detect German submarines. The Germans did not like them very much, and if I am not mistaken, they called them “strings of the devil”.
      3. Grad-Xnumx 5 January 2019 22: 50 New
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        Minesweepers were fired with Hedgehog bombers - a good thing.
      4. domokl 7 January 2019 15: 24 New
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        Quote: Potter
        The subject of sea Lend-Lease is also extremely interesting.

        Javadxan, to "land authors" hanged yes Recorded and write ...
    5. Alf
      Alf 5 January 2019 18: 09 New
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      Quote: Grad-1
      What is known for the supply of battleship for Lend-Lease in the USSR?

      Battleship Arkhangelsk, nee Royal Sovereign.
      Quote: Grad-1
      Was the battleship used for its intended purpose?

      Yes, standing in the bay, he scared the adversary with his existence.
  4. Lamatinets 5 January 2019 07: 37 New
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    Many thanks to the authors for the article. As soon as the first oto saw immediately came to mind carden Lloyd.))))
  5. Free wind 5 January 2019 07: 57 New
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    the bridge seems to have remained automobile, obviously on one of the photos the bridge is from a student or Ford, as you like, a la GAZ -51. and on others, brake drums from this bridge are clearly visible. More precisely, later, approximately such a bridge was installed on our post-war trucks. The rotation was carried out due to the braking of one of the brakes. Probably when managing this armored troop-carrier there were problems at the beginning of training. For former drivers, with a sharp turn of the steering wheel, a detachment from an armored personnel carrier could fly out to avoid an obstacle, and for tractor drivers that pulling both levers, the tractor stopped without using a clutch, but they probably got used to this machine after half an hour. Do you know why the stick is attached aft? At first I thought that it was a pen for a kyle, a pen is a pen, (just why the heck is there a kilo? Can I get coal?) Only then I remembered that the guys in treeless areas carried a stick with them, knocking out broken axles. An interesting machine, small and worn like hell with a letter. Thank you for the article. All a happy holiday !!!!!!!!!
    1. tasha 5 January 2019 08: 17 New
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      At first I thought that it was a pen for kyle, a pen is a pen, (only why the fuck is there? Is it to get coal?

      Still, the pen .. And below the hook itself is screwed. Pay attention to the photo.
      Although the stick is a universal tool ... wink
      They just did not think of a pencil. Savages .. laughing
  6. zxc15682 5 January 2019 09: 51 New
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    Can I drink ethylene glycol?
    1. Decimam 5 January 2019 10: 28 New
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      Can. Once. Gram 150. Odorless liquid, has a sweet taste. Then such interesting phenomena as toxic encephalopathy, metabolic acidosis, toxic nephro- or hepato-nephropathy with acute renal or renal hepatic insufficiency, myocardial dystrophy, exotoxic shock, pulmonary edema follow. Then the funeral.
      If there is a good resuscitation nearby, then there is a chance to stay alive.
      1. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 41 New
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        You so vividly described that assumptions arise 1) checked personally (as a joke) 2 a good chemist described.
        And such a moment: at the front there was no case of "tasting"?
        1. Pagan 6 January 2019 07: 09 New
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          I don’t know about the front, but the "double basses" in Transbaikalia (in the 2000s) thumped this. The result - out of five people, three died, one went blind, one was pumped out.
          1. vladcub 6 January 2019 14: 18 New
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            Apparently, both stocked up forever even thinking about such a "tasting." A friend in the nineties went to Tyumen to earn money and said: in 1998 they bought "pallets" (it was noticeable by the bottle) and decided to "mark" the completion of work. Of the 7, only he stayed when they drank, his stomach grabbed and drank the least. Now, from one word: “drink” it cares
            1. Astra wild 6 January 2019 15: 01 New
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              For the sake of momentary pleasure they paid with their lives.
              Men, I ask you, before drinking, think carefully: what can happen to me and how will my family be?
    2. Potter 5 January 2019 11: 01 New
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      Only for a quick departure to paradise.
    3. Alf
      Alf 5 January 2019 18: 12 New
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      Quote: zxc15682
      Can I drink ethylene glycol?

      To whom ..
  7. mr.ZinGer 5 January 2019 11: 01 New
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    The authors thank you, please make links from which museums are photographs of technology.
  8. Decimam 5 January 2019 11: 15 New
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    In France (Dunkirk), Belgium and North Africa, the Germans captured a lot of Universal Carrier of various modifications and used them intensively.
    One example is a remotely controlled self-propelled mine. About three dozen of these machines were used in 1942 near Sevastopol.

    And this is the Leichter Panzerkampfwagen Mk.VIC 736 (e).
    The instance in the photo is equipped with a 150 mm gun 15 cm SFH 13, although most often a light howitzer 10,5 cm leFH 16 was installed.
    1. Decimam 5 January 2019 11: 20 New
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      Version of the "tank destroyer" 8,8 cm Panzerschreck-Raketen auf Bren Carrier (e) from the third Panzergrenadier division in Italy.
    2. Xenofont 5 January 2019 13: 06 New
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      This self-propelled gun on the basis of the Mark VI light tank and weapons options other than howitzers of the times of World War I SfH 1 were not. It has no direct relation to the Universal. Fought in 13 on the Eastern Front in small numbers, then in 41 in France.
      1. Decimam 5 January 2019 14: 48 New
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        Yes, I agree, it has no direct relationship, only through the chassis.
    3. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 31 New
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      The Germans are by nature frugal people and therefore ALL trophies were used.
      The Germans probably had about 1000 of these “uni-vsepsals”
  9. san4es 5 January 2019 11: 41 New
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    hi Thank. Movies on the topic:
    The general description of the driver’s cabin is followed by an animated model of the steering working parts, mechanism, photographic visualization of instruments, controls, artillery compartment, equipment storage, engine compartments and equipment. The power unit is illustrated and its various features are described ... recourse
    1. vladcub 5 January 2019 20: 34 New
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      Thanks for the video. Visual illustration to the text.
      And the armored personnel carrier is quite playful, as the circles "cuts"
  10. serg.shishkov2015 5 January 2019 12: 27 New
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    In the novel by Radiy Pogodin * I will catch you in heaven ... * three samples of Lend-Lease armored vehicles are mentioned at once - the M3A wheeled armored personnel carrier, the Canadian tracked armored personnel carrier with anti-tank rifle, and the armored personnel carrier with four machine guns from the guard of the division commander.
    * -And anti-aircraft gunners?
    - What the hell are they anti-aircraft gunners! They are from the replenishment, This quadruple machine gun is used in street battles, it thrashes like a hose! *
    In 1990, after reading the novel, I decided that it was an American half-track, on which our craftsmen installed a quad * maxim *, but then I found out about the Z17 MXNUMX and understood. what is she.
    According to the novel, the Canadian armored personnel carrier drove poorly on ice, mud and manure, and as a result flew off the road into the river.
  11. Alexey RA 5 January 2019 13: 55 New
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    In principle, if the production capacity of the USSR would allow to release this tractor further (production stopped in 1941 year due to the need to manufacture light tanks), then its transformation into a carrier for infantry would be quite logical.

    So they tried to make an armored personnel carrier from Komsomolets. It didn’t work out - he couldn’t raise the rifle compartment set according to the ToR. The T-26 was the smallest possible chassis for the APCs available in the USSR.
    1. Potter 5 January 2019 15: 46 New
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      So it was released 200 armored vehicles. And the pre-war plans after 1943 (the saturation of troops with new tanks) provided for the mass re-equipment of the T-26 of the last years of production in the armored personnel carrier and armored vehicles
      Another pre-war attempt was the “medical” armored personnel carrier based on the BA-10, it did not pass the tests, and the passability was low.
      During the Second World War, a pair of experimental vehicles in different variations on half-track ZISah. And the experienced BA-64D amphibians for 4-6 people, landing, also not recommended in the series.
      Of the successful attempts, only the post-war ones, except for the BTR-40, -50 and -152, are the more experienced K-75 BTR on a T-70 chassis with a Yaroslavl diesel engine, 15 troops and BTR-112 on a post-war SU-100P chassis.
      1. Alexey RA 5 January 2019 17: 35 New
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        In principle, the only serial chassis of the 40s, suitable for rapid conversion into an armored personnel carrier, is the SU-76. But who will give in exchange for a cheap light assault self-propelled guns - jack of all trades - to build an armored personnel carrier. It turns out that we will bring infantry to the battlefield, and it is impossible to land it - there is no one to crush the surviving defense without the SU-76. sad
        1. tasha 5 January 2019 19: 55 New
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          https://topwar.ru/203-proekty-bronetransportyorov-na-baze-tanka-t-26-tr-1-tr-26-i-tr-.html
        2. Potter 5 January 2019 22: 04 New
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          So the B-K-75 in 1947 was created on a chassis of this type, only with a mass of 7,5 tons a 5-roller version was enough. And the car seemed to be not bad, but did not go into the series. And in the war, given the relevance and loss of the Su-76, this was unrealistic.
  12. The leader of the Redskins 6 January 2019 20: 57 New
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    I do not cease to enjoy the cycle of articles. Thanks to the author.