Military Review

Stavropol battle

30
The battle for Stavropol was decisive in the fate of the Volunteer Army. It ended with the victory of volunteers and predetermined the outcome of the military campaign for the North Caucasus in favor of the army of Denikin.


Battle of Stavropol

October 23 1918, the Taman Reds began an offensive from the Nevinnomysskaya area to Stavropol. The Tamanis were resisted by the remnants of the 2 and 3 divisions of the Volunteer Army (only about 800 bayonets and sabers). The city itself was defended by the Drozdovsky 3 Division and the Plastun Brigade. 23 - October 26 Drozdovtsy waged heavy battles with the Reds, who pressed the volunteers. On October 26, a Kornilov shock regiment was deployed to help Drozdovsky from Torgovaya to Stavropol. The Kornilov regiment was restored after the previous battles, it consisted of: an officer company named after General Kornilov (250 bayonets), three soldiers' battalions, a dozen and three machine guns, and their own artillery. October 27 regiment joined the battle to stop the advance of the Reds, and the Drozdists counterattacked, trying to regain previously lost positions. However, the volunteer attacks had no success, whites suffered serious losses, and in the afternoon, the 3 Division cleared Stavropol, retreating to the north. The Kornilovs suffered huge losses in this battle - more than 600 people. October 28 Red troops occupied Stavropol.

After the capture of the city, the Reds carried out local operations in the north, without seeking or being able to use their victory. Apparently, this was due to the internal problems of the Red Army in the North Caucasus - with the so-called. "Sorokin's rebellion", opposition to the party and military leadership. The red for three weeks remained without operational command. In the meantime, Denikinians won the Armavir Battle (Battle for Armavir). In early November, 1918, the volunteers defeated the Armavir Red group, which made it possible to concentrate all the main forces of Denikin’s army to assault Stavropol. In addition, the Stavropol group under Borovsky (2-I and 3-I divisions) managed to rest and was partially restored.

4 November 1918, General Borovsky, launched an offensive on all fronts. The 2 and 3 divisions under the general command of Borovsky attacked Stavropol from the north on both sides of the railway, the 2 Kuban division from the east through Nadezhda. Volunteers pressed the Reds and even came to the outskirts of the city. On November 5, a stubborn battle continued, and the 2 th Officer Regiment of the Drozdovskiy division seized the monastery of John the Baptist with a swift attack and part of the suburb. Further, however, White could not advance. The Reds were well established in the city and showed strong resistance. On November 6, the Reds repeatedly turned into counterattacks, especially strong on the front of the 3 Division and the Kornilov Regiment. As a result, both sides suffered heavy losses, and the Denikin offensive choked.

At this time, the main forces of Denikin’s army pulled up. General Borovsky in the northern sector went over to active defense; General Wrangell was to attack the city from the west; General Kazanovich - from the south, General Pokrovsky and Shkuro - from the southeast. While there was a concentration of white troops, the Red counterattacked the position of Borovsky. They pushed him, but at the cost of heavy losses, the volunteers maintained their position near the city. At this time, whites consistently surrounded the city.

The leading role in the new assault on Stavropol was played by the Wrangel division. By November 11, the divisions of Wrangel, Kazanovich and Pokrovsky reached the city and established contact with parts of Borovsky. Stavropol was blocked, his communications were cut. The city itself was packed with thousands of wounded, sick and typhoid. Frequent red troops were demoralized. However, the Tamanis, the core of the Stavropol Reds, were ready to fight to the last. November 11 boiled hard all day, the Reds again tried to overturn Borovsky. 2-th division again pushed, she suffered heavy losses. But the reds were also tired and exsanguinated, so on November 12 there was no active fighting. On this day, Denikin's army completed the encirclement of the enemy.

On November 13, taking advantage of the heavy fog, the Red Army men launched a breakthrough of enemy positions in the sectors of the 2 and 3 divisions. In a fierce battle, both sides suffered heavy losses. So, the commander of the Kornilov shock regiment, Colonel Indeykin, was killed; the commander of the Samur regiment, Colonel Schabert, was seriously wounded. Drozdovsky was wounded in the leg. The wounded general was first sent to Yekaterinodar, and then to Rostov-on-Don. However, blood infection began and the surgery did not help. Mikhail Gordeevich Drozdovsky - one of the best and legendary commanders of the White Army, died on 1 (14) on January 1919.

Stavropol battle

Commander of the 3 Infantry Division M. G. Drozdovsky

On this day, the Tamans were able to break through the front of the enemy. The Reds also attacked parts of Pokrovsky, coming from the southeast, and pressed them. The position of several straightened Wrangel counterattack. As a result, the Reds broke through the encirclement and began to withdraw their rears in the direction of Petrovsky. 14 November fierce fighting continued. Wrangel again proved himself. His cavalry unexpectedly went to the rear in red. Whites broke into the city. The Reds quickly recovered and counterattacked, and in the evening drove the enemy out of the city. On the morning of November 15, after receiving reinforcements, Wrangel went on the offensive again; by the 12 watch, the volunteers took Stavropol. Captured to 12 thousand. Red Army. The fighting in the Stavropol region continued for several more days. As a result, the Reds pushed aside to Petrovsky, where they entrenched themselves. After that, the front stabilized for some time, as both sides suffered great losses and it took time to restore the combat capability of the units. Denikin wrote: "The infantry has ceased to exist."

After the end of the Stavropol battle, Denikin reorganized his troops: the divisions were deployed in the corps. The divisions of Kazanovich and Borovsky were deployed in the 1 and 2 army corps, the 3 army corps was formed under the command of Lieutenant General Lyakhov, and the 1 cavalry division and 2 of the Kuban division formed the 1 corps of Wrangel . The command of the 1 Infantry Division, which was part of the 1 Corps, took Lieutenant-General Stankevich. The command of the "Drozdov" 3 Infantry Division, which also became part of the 1 Corps, was temporarily accepted by Major General May-Mayevsky.

The fate of the entire Volunteer Army depended on the battle for Armavir and Stavropol. Therefore, Denikin pulled here almost all his strength. The fate of the battle hung literally by a thread, but luck again smiled white. The fact was that the Reds themselves helped the White, having started, though necessary, but also the reorganization of the Red Army that happened at the wrong time. Internal divisions in the enemy’s camp helped Denikin’s troops take up and occupy a large region, receiving a logistical base to prepare for an offensive against Moscow.


Armored train of the White "Officer". 7 was formed on August 1918 of the year after the Ekaterinodar was captured by the Volunteer Army. Took part in the storming of Armavir and Stavropol

"Sorokin mutiny"

The fate of the Second Kuban campaign and the entire Volunteer Army depended on the battle for Armavir and Stavropol. Therefore, Denikin pulled into the area of ​​a decisive battle almost all of the available forces. Whites were able to concentrate their forces, and luck smiled at them. Reds had the opposite. The fact was that the Reds themselves helped the whites, they were killed by internal conflicts.

After the reorganization of the North Caucasian Army, which received the serial number 11, the sole power of the commander was abolished and the Revolutionary Military Council (PBC) was put at the head of the army. At the same time, the strife between the party and military leadership (both control centers were located in Pyatigorsk) remained. The Central Election Commission of the North Caucasian Republic and the regional committee of the party tried to establish complete control over the army: to strengthen revolutionary discipline, suppress anarchy and partisanism, to shorten the commander Ivan Sorokin himself. In turn, the commander was dissatisfied with the local Soviet and party elite, and demanded freedom of action for the troops. At the same time, the popularity of the commander in the army declined - the Reds suffered defeats. He had a competitor - the commander of the Taman army, Ivan Matveyev. Under his command, the famous Taman campaign was carried out.

Sorokin, obviously, was on the verge of a nervous breakdown, saw the circle of "provocateurs" and tried with all his might to restore the combat capability of the army. Therefore, a new conflict led to an explosion. The RVS, at the suggestion of Sorokin, decided first of all to smash the enemy in the Stavropol region, to consolidate its position in the eastern part of the North Caucasus, keeping in touch with the center of the country through the Holy Cross to Astrakhan. For this it was necessary to transfer the Taman army from Armavir to Nevinnomysskaya, to withdraw the remaining troops to a new line of defense. Matveyev at a meeting of red commanders in Armavir, with general approval, refused to comply with this order and declared that he was withdrawing from submission to Sorokin. By order of the RVS, Matveyev was summoned to Pyatigorsk and October 11 was shot. This caused great indignation in the ranks of the Tamans, and almost led to rebellion. At the same time, the Tamans believed that this penalty was a personal initiative of Sorokin, who allegedly envied Matveyev’s fame. As a result, the Taman army was reformed and created on its basis two Taman infantry divisions.

At the same time, another conflict occurred in the military-political leadership of the Reds. The party leadership intrigued against Sorokin, believed that the commander wanted to become a military dictator, the "red Napoleon." He decided to eliminate. However, he apparently learned about the plot and delivered a preemptive strike. October 21 1918 of the republic’s leadership - Chairman of the Central Electoral Committee Rubin, secretary of the regional committee Extreme, authorized by the Central Election Commission for Food Dunayevsky, chairman of the front Cheka Rozhansky - was arrested and shot. Party leaders allegedly prepared a conspiracy against the Soviet government and were associated with Denikin.

However, the actions of Sorokin were not supported. The 27 th Extraordinary Congress of the Soviets of the North Caucasus, assembled on October 2, in connection with the statement of Sorokin against the Soviet power, dismissed him from the post of commander. Sorokin was declared "outlawed, as a traitor and traitor to Soviet power and revolution." The commander tried to find support in the army and left Pyatigorsk in the direction of Stavropol. October 30 Sorokin with his headquarters was arrested by cavalrymen of the Taman army. The Tamanis, disarming the headquarters and the personal convoy of Sorokin, concluded them together with the former commander-in-chief in a Stavropol prison. On November 1, the commander of the 3 th Taman regiment of Vyshlenko shot the former commander Sorokin.

So one of the most courageous, enterprising and talented red commanders perished. With a better set of circumstances, Sorokin could easily have entered the cohort of the best Red commanders. Sorokin had to fight right on the "three fronts" - against the whites, the local party leadership and the Tamans. In the end, he lost. Already after the defeat of the Red Army in the North Caucasus, Sorokin became the scapegoat, all sins and mistakes of the local military and political leadership were written off to him. He was declared a "traitor" and an "adventurer." It is clear that Sorokin showed "adventurism" - a personal initiative, which was typical of many commanders of the Civil War (both red and white), but he was not a traitor. "Sorokinschinoy" explained all the defeats 11 th Red Army.

Thus, the unrest in the red camp helped the white people take up in the region. The elimination of Sorokin did not strengthen the combat capability of the army, on the contrary, the commander was popular among the troops and his death only increased the confusion. The leadership did not even know how many troops were in the Red Army in the North Caucasus. When Stalin (a member of the RVS of the Southern Front, which included the 11-I army) asked the party leadership about the number of red troops in the North Caucasus, he received different figures: from 100 to 200 thousand people. Stalin replied: “What are you leaders? You do not know how many troops you have. ” But the new commander, Fedko, could not change anything, after replacing him in December, military officer Kruse, after some time, went over to the side of the enemy. The Red Army in the North Caucasus was demoralized, the soldiers deserted by the hundreds, went over to the side of the enemy.

Another reason for the defeat of the Reds in the North Caucasus was the terrible epidemic of typhoid. As noted by the chairman of the PBC 11 Army J. Poluyan army thawed, not even by day, but by the hour. At the beginning of January, 1919, about a thousand people were received daily in hospitals and hospitals. Among other reasons for the defeat of the 11 Army were noted: material problems - lack of ammunition, uniforms, etc., with the onset of cold weather began mass desertion; lack of experienced team and political leadership; lack of interaction with the 12 army and full communication with the center of the country; low morale, military and political training of local Stavropol peasants, who whole regiments went over to the side of the enemy.


The commander of the Red Army in the North Caucasus, Ivan Lukich Sorokin

Results

In the Armavir and Stavropol battles, the Volunteers were able to break the strength of the Red Army in the North Caucasus. At the same time, the battles for Stavropol really were unusually stubborn, the best parts of the Volunteer Army suffered heavy losses, the color of the White Guards was knocked out. During the trip, some volunteer units changed their composition several times. Denikin, who had to fill in the units, had to abandon the voluntary principle, and forced mobilization began. First, the Kuban Cossacks began to be called into the army, and since August this principle has been extended to other segments of the population. Thus, mobilization of the non-Kazak population in the Kuban and the peasants of the Stavropol province was made. They called upon the numerous officers of the region, which had previously taken a neutral position. Also, the troops replenished at the expense of prisoners of the Red Army. As a result, the composition of the army has changed radically. This did not have the best effect on the fighting and morale of the White Army.

The second Kuban campaign was completed. Denikin's army captured the Kuban, part of the Black Sea coast, most of the Stavropol province. However, Denikin did not have the strength to finish off the Reds. Therefore, the Reds, recovering and increasing the number of their army to 70 - 80 thousand people, in December 1918 - January 1919, even tried to counterattack. Fighting for the North Caucasus continued until February 1919. Only after this, Denikin’s army received a relatively calm rear and strategic base in the North Caucasus for the subsequent march on Moscow.
Author:
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How the battle for the Don began
"Your talk is not needed by the working people. The guard is tired!"
100 years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army and Navy
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White fought for the interests of the West
Anti-Russian and anti-state white project
How "Ukrainian Chimera" incited the Civil War
How to create Ukraine and the "Ukrainian people"
How the red took Kiev
Victory of the Red Army on the Don
Bloody Battle of the Ice Campaign
How Kornilov stormed Ekaterinodar
Destined to die? Died with honor!
People against power
How Drozdovtsy broke through on the Don
How drozdovtsy stormed Rostov
Don Republic Ataman Krasnov
West helped the Bolsheviks?
Why did the West support both red and white?
Why do Czechoslovak murderers and looters erect monuments in Russia
Second Kuban campaign
Eastern Front Education
Why did they kill the Russian tsar?
Rise of the Left Social Revolutionaries and its weirdness
How white occupied the capital of Kuban
Bloody battle for Yekaterinodar
Kappelevtsy take Kazan
"For the Soviets without the Bolsheviks"
The landing of the British in Arkhangelsk. Formation of the Northern Front
The heroic campaign of the Taman army
Why tried to kill Lenin
Soviet republic turns into a military camp
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The first battle for Tsaritsyn
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Transcaucasian massacre
How the Caucasian Islamic Army stormed Baku
The second battle for Tsaritsyn
How the British tried to occupy Turkestan and the Caspian region
How to suppress the Izhevsk-Votkinsk uprising
Sturm Izhevsk
On the anti-popular nature of the Kolchak regime
Battle for Armavir
"Perm disaster"
30 comments
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  1. 210ox
    210ox 27 December 2018 06: 57
    +5
    What can be noted here. Almost all of 1918 was unsuccessful for the Red Army. Undoubtedly, disorganization and internal strife ruined the business. Tough discipline was necessary. I do not praise Trotsky - he is an "ideological terrorist-populist." However, the most severe repressions did their job, conditions, order was restored in 1919.
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 27 December 2018 07: 23
    -17
    in early November 1918, volunteers defeated the Armavir Red Group,
    .
    regiment of the division of Drozdovsky with a swift attack captured the monastery of St. John the Baptist and part of the suburbs
    /
    On the morning of November 15, Wrangel, receiving reinforcements, went on the offensive again, by 12 o’clock the volunteers took Stavropol.


    Chronicle of glorious victories ....
    1. kapitan281271
      kapitan281271 27 December 2018 09: 14
      +7
      Quote: Olgovich
      in early November 1918, volunteers defeated the Armavir Red Group,
      .
      regiment of the division of Drozdovsky with a swift attack captured the monastery of St. John the Baptist and part of the suburbs
      /
      On the morning of November 15, Wrangel, receiving reinforcements, went on the offensive again, by 12 o’clock the volunteers took Stavropol.


      Chronicle of glorious victories ....

      The Bolsheviks are not the heroes of my novel, but does it not seem to you that from the height of our time it is time for us to realize that in a fratricidal war there can be no "chronicle of glorious victories"; but this is my attitude to this huge tragedy.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 27 December 2018 11: 20
        -7
        Quote: kapitan281271
        The Bolsheviks are not the heroes of my novel, but does it not seem to you that from the height of our time it is time for us to realize that in a fratricidal war there can be no "chronicle of glorious victories"; but this is my attitude to this huge tragedy.

        Give me his definition battles of the Russian people against usurpers of power during this, of course, huge tragedy.

        Are people forcedly who defended the Fatherland from those who plunged it into this massacre, into Brest betrayal, into famine, in the Middle Ages, into dictatorship, are not heroes?

        Give them your definition and tell them at the same time WHAT they should have done in that situation.
        1. kitt409
          kitt409 27 December 2018 13: 19
          +3
          Are you not too late to catch up? Yes, and they wrote to you NOT about this, in my opinion.
          CANNOT BE GLORIOUS VICTORIES IN A CIVIL WAR, NOT SAYING ALREADY THAT ALL THIS HAPPENED A HUNDRED YEARS BACK ...
          1. Nagaibak
            Nagaibak 27 December 2018 22: 51
            +3
            kitt409 "THERE CANNOT BE GLORIOUS VICTORIES IN A CIVIL WAR, WITHOUT TALKING ABOUT THAT ALL THIS HAPPENED A HUNDRED YEARS AGO ..."
            So there is no concussion.))) Who are you calling to?)))
        2. kapitan281271
          kapitan281271 27 December 2018 16: 45
          +4
          The first who plunged RUSSIA into chaos were the ones who staged February, it was the elite who betrayed their homeland and people, then, as always, our noble princes and very intelligent INTELLIGENCE recalled her mother. And in fact, no one can imagine what would have happened if the Bolsheviks had not raised the power that was lying on the pavement from the floor. The people who tasted the victory at the riot are not so easy to drive back and can not help here without blood, and in RUSSIA you can’t do without big blood ...... the whole history of any revolution confirms this. But whoever arranged it all (as always they wanted the best, mostly true for themselves), let him burn in hell when the Russians were brought to brother to brother.
          1. Alexander Greene
            Alexander Greene 27 December 2018 20: 25
            +3
            Quote: kapitan281271
            But whoever arranged it all (as always they wanted the best, basically the truth for themselves), let him burn in hell when the Russians were brought to brother to brother


            Was Wrangel a brother of Frunze, and Mamontov a brother
            Budyonny? And which of the Siberian partisans Kolchak had a brother?

            The farther away the history of the civil war goes from us, the more erased are the goals: who fought for what and the paradigm of the class struggle of the working people with the exploiters is replaced by a thesis like “brother to brother”.
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 28 December 2018 08: 59
              -2
              Quote: Alexander Green
              Was Wrangel a brother of Frunze, and Mamontov a brother
              Budyonny? And which of the Siberian partisans Kolchak had a brother?

              Zalkind was a sister of the Siberian partisan, yes fool lol
              1. Alexander Greene
                Alexander Greene 28 December 2018 17: 01
                +4
                Quote: Olgovich
                Zalkind was a sister of the Siberian partisan,

                And Kolchak to whom? Probably your ancestors? But certainly not mine, because my grandfather drove him all over Siberia.
                1. 210ox
                  210ox 28 December 2018 18: 32
                  +4
                  Alexander, what do you want from "mowing under the White Guard"?
            2. kapitan281271
              kapitan281271 28 December 2018 09: 10
              -2
              About the class struggle, please, if possible somewhere in the department of scientific communism
              1. Alexander Greene
                Alexander Greene 28 December 2018 17: 03
                +3
                Quote: kapitan281271

                About the class struggle, please, if possible somewhere in the department of scientific communism

                And without this, one cannot understand what was happening then, and now too.
          2. Wild cat
            Wild cat 28 December 2018 00: 38
            +1
            I completely agree with you. It was not for nothing that General Ruzsky (who in Gomel persuaded Nicholas II to abdicate) was hacked by the bandit Atarbekov. The Bolsheviks picked up the power that lay on the ground. Again they had an idea that the Provisional Government did not have. By the way, the graves of Rubin. Rozhansky, Krainy and Vlasov, who were treacherously killed by order of Sorokin from the 70s of the last century, are located at Post No. 1 of the city of Pyatigorsk. Sorry, I'm writing messy without preparation on the topic. Just what I know, since I myself am from Pyatigorsk.
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 28 December 2018 09: 02
              -3
              Quote: Wildcat
              The Bolsheviks picked up the power that lay on the ground.

              who fought with them for another 20 years? lol
              Quote: Wildcat
              Again they had an idea that the Provisional Government did not have.

              VP had an idea to conduct the ELECTION, which they did.
              Quote: Wildcat
              hacked the bandit Atarbekov.

              Bolshevik Atarbekov slaughtered, as well as other HOSTAGES
              1. 210ox
                210ox 28 December 2018 18: 34
                +4
                What twenty years!? "Fought." They got stuck like mice in Yugoslavia, Germany, France .. "Fighters" damn it ..
            2. kapitan281271
              kapitan281271 28 December 2018 09: 33
              +3
              I’m talking about this, according to me, it’s not bitter to realize, and in fact, this is another side of this tragedy, the bloody fanatics of Lenin and Trotsky are better than this Kerensky death, which besides betraying everyone and endless chatter ** ************** Well then you understand !!!!!!!
              PS Kerensky is actually the same identification of almost all of the then elite
          3. Olgovich
            Olgovich 28 December 2018 08: 58
            -4
            Quote: kapitan281271

            The first who plunged RUSSIA into chaos were the ones who staged February, it was the elite who betrayed their homeland and people, then, as always, our noble princes and very intelligent INTELLIGENCE recalled her mother.

            Learn the HISTORY of Russia without repeating nonsense: February socialists arranged with the same Bolsheviks
            Quote: kapitan281271
            And in fact, no one can imagine what would have happened if the Bolsheviks had not raised the power that was lying on the pavement from the floor

            What a pavement: Russia fought with the "lifters" directly for 4 more years, and back in 1937, the leader admitted that the struggle was only getting worse.
            There would be a NORMAL country, which was before them.
            Quote: kapitan281271
            The people who tasted the victory at the riot are not so easy to drive back and here they can’t help here without blood, and in RUSSIA you can’t do without big blood ...... the whole history of any revolution confirms this.

            What "people"? The people of 95% sat at HOME and tried to SURVIVE. But in the elections he said his word. and not gave power to the Bolsheviks.
            1. kapitan281271
              kapitan281271 28 December 2018 13: 38
              +1
              Quote: Olgovich
              Learn the HISTORY of Russia without repeating nonsense: February socialists arranged with the same Bolsheviks

              With what Bolsheviks, no, well, if those who were in the Duma convinced Nicholas to abdicate, the Socialists elected Kerensky then yes. For Lenin, February was as unexpected as for ****** diarrhea.
        3. antivirus
          antivirus 27 December 2018 19: 19
          -1
          fly, hurry up, buy a quick one ...
      2. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB 27 December 2018 13: 27
        +4
        Quote: kapitan281271
        Bolsheviks are not the heroes of my novel

        In vain. How else can you call those who have these starting conditions:

        For 3-4 years, he was able not only to restore almost completely the territory of the empire, having thrown out not only white whites, but also the interventionists, almost all the leading powers, to defeat the separatist nationalist movements ... but also to introduce units into Afghanistan, forcing the Anglo-Saxons to ask about the delimitation of zones of influence? Which, incidentally, was rejected with indignation by the Bolsheviks!
        What power in the world today is capable of this ???
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 27 December 2018 15: 07
          -7
          Quote: AllXVahhaB
          to which you can still name those, but also the interventionists, almost all the leading powers,

          nobody needed them: everyone your worries were: OUR countries to recover after the World War.

          Themselves left, and even the German invaders expelled from the Russian lands, which these invaders forever gave the Bolsheviks.

          All have long since passed to a peaceful life, and these all fought against their people - the decree on peace "in action." yes The first to leave the war, but the last-to-finish-4 years after all .....
          1. AllXVahhaB
            AllXVahhaB 27 December 2018 15: 39
            +5
            Quote: Olgovich
            nobody needed them

            Has anyone talked to you? Do not go into your own dialogue with your stupidity ...
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 28 December 2018 09: 04
              -3
              Quote: AllXVahhaB
              Has anyone talked to you? Do not meddle with your stupidity in someone else's dialogue ..

              You are in a public place, answered the answer of comrade ME. So that
              Quote: AllXVahhaB
              Do not go with his stupidity
              1. AllXVahhaB
                AllXVahhaB 28 December 2018 10: 12
                +3
                Quote: Olgovich
                answered the answer of comrade ME.

                I commented on a friend's remark kapitan281271 about
                Quote: kapitan281271
                Bolsheviks are not the heroes of my novel

                Quote: Olgovich
                You are in a public place

                Are you in a public toilet, too, to your neighbors on a pisyuar climb with your stupid fabrications? Calm down, consider that the interventionists drove each other out to rebuild their countries. And "Ultimatum Curzona" is just that, well, they were not up to it - what kind of Afghanistan? What is India? It was necessary to restore England destroyed by the World War ... good
          2. antivirus
            antivirus 27 December 2018 19: 24
            -1
            many times---
            father studied at Yves Energy Inst and "lived, 3 students in an apartment in 52-55 years, on the Worker Village", it is nearby. "The owner of the house was Konnik-Chapaevite, came with Furmanov, Ivanovo weavers"
            There were 2 rooms in the house, in one of the owners (I remember by association that Gorky’s grandfather and grandmother are small. Puny (?) As it should be for a jockey rider — it’s easier for a horse, a grandmother is a large, tall, high-born), 2 sons grew up and lived separately already, their room was rented out. in 55 g, dormitories were built on the Paris Commune, and resettled there.
            I didn’t write it down and, after several years, I forgot the names of the owners of the square.
            "He said" they did everything right. that's how we live now. "I understand it as --- I was happy with my life in the 50s and my life
            father showed
            GESTURE (ALL YOUR (them) HATE AND ALL RUSSIAN 20 CENTURY) ------

            !!! fist from chest level vertically down, like a saber from a saddle on foot !!!


            live with your people, not with the elect

            and feed, educate him
          3. Sugar Honeyovich
            Sugar Honeyovich 28 December 2018 04: 02
            +1
            Quote: Olgovich
            SAMI left

            Themselves. Pushed with a bayonet in the back.
            Quote: Olgovich
            all have long passed to a peaceful life

            Not all.
  3. igordok
    igordok 27 December 2018 09: 24
    0
    In the photo, Sorokin in uniform. Those. photo taken before participating in the Civil War. And it would not be bad for the author to indicate these circumstances on the signature to the drawing.
    1. BAI
      BAI 27 December 2018 10: 38
      +2
      Paramedic of the 3rd line regiment of the Kuban Cossack army, volunteer I.L. Sorokin, the city of Maykop, 1914.
  4. Alexander Greene
    Alexander Greene 27 December 2018 17: 37
    +2
    Sorokin had to wage a struggle immediately on the “three fronts” - against the whites, the local party leadership and the Tamanians. In the end, he lost. After the defeat of the Red Army in the North Caucasus, Sorokin became the "scapegoat", all sins and mistakes of the local military-political leadership were attributed to him. He was declared a “traitor” and “adventurer”


    Recently, they are trying to justify all participants in the civil war, who in one way or another opposed the Soviet government. Among them was the commander Sorokin. But in assessing Sorokin, one must not forget that Sorokin was a Social Revolutionary, he did not favor the Bolsheviks, and sooner or later he would still change the Soviet regime.

    Sorokin strove for unlimited power, according to his orders illegal requisition, arrests and executions were carried out. And when the North Caucasus Military Commissariat began to implement the directives of the center on the creation of a regular disciplined army based on the principles of unity of command, subordination and subordination, and political subordination to the Soviet government with Sorokin, who had practically unlimited power, these innovations caused discontent.

    In the second half of 1918, he openly opposed himself to the leadership of the Kuban-Black Sea Republic, which was guided by Moscow directives. It ended with the fact that on October 13, Sorokin spontaneously arrested and shot the chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the North Caucasus Republic Rubin, his assistants Dunaevsky and Krainy, a member of the Central Executive Committee of Vlasov and the head of the Cheka Rozhansky. Together with them, he ordered the execution of the commander of the Taman army Matveyev. In addition, he ignored Moscow’s order to break through the army to Tsaritsyn, where the fate of the Soviet republic was decided.

    As a result of his actions, Sorokin’s army was in the "Caucasian bag", and soon it was defeated. After the shooting of the leadership of the Caucasian republic, and violation of the order, Sorokin realized that he could not bear his head. He tried to escape, but he was detained and imprisoned, and on November 1, 1918, they shot him.

    So adventurism and betrayal of Sorokin are evident.