Military Review

The thought of the modern working class (part of 3)

58
We all went out of the people,
Children of the family of labor.

Fraternal union and freedom -
Here is our battle motto.
(“Boldly, comrades, in the leg!” Words by L. Radzina)


In the previous article we examined (fluently, of course, but whoever is interested, he can read the entire work on his own) Lenin's famous work “Development of capitalism in Russia”, who did not leave Russian narodniki to talk about building socialism in Russia . He singled out three, three main social layers of the peasants at the time of the end of the 19 century: the poor, the middle peasants and the kulaks. Accordingly, his working class is also heterogeneous. Workers, peasants or migrant workers, “yesterday's peasants”, who became workers from migrant workers, “hereditary proletariat”, the smallest, by the way, since large industry itself has just appeared in Russia, and various intermediate types. Naturally, what kind of consciousness dominated both the peasants and the workers? Patriarchal! It was the first generation of citizens, who had not only grandparents, but also fathers and mothers - where? In the village! Workers in the second and even in the third generation were. In St. Petersburg, in the Urals ... But there were very few of them and "they did not do the weather." Obvious, right? It is enough to read the Zemstvo statistics about migrant workers to make sure that this is exactly how it was. And again, Lenin’s work confirms this. Who does not believe - he can read about it yourself!

The thought of the modern working class (part of 3)

Revolutionary Sverdlov Yakov Mikhailovich. Father is an engraver, mother is a housewife. He graduated from the four classes of the gymnasium, then he studied as a pharmacist ... Typical "middle class". After the victory of the revolution, the chairman of the Central Executive Committee.

And, by the way, let us recall one more of his work: “Lessons from the Moscow uprising” dedicated to the 1905 revolution. There he wrote: you cannot “hide from the masses the need for a desperate, bloody, extermination war, as an immediate task of the upcoming performance, means to deceive yourself, and the people. " But then the question arises, who was hiding it? The revolutionaries themselves?


Revolutionary Uritsky Moses Solomonovich. Born into a merchant family, he graduated from the city gymnasium and law faculty of Kiev University. Chairman of the Petrograd Cheka.

"The government kept those who were hesitant with the most diverse, most desperate measures: they were persuaded, they were flattered, they were bribed by handing out hours, money, etc., they were soaked with vodka, they were deceived, they were intimidated, barred them, seized treachery and violence of the soldiers alleged the most unreliable. And we must have the courage to admit directly and openly that we are in this respect behind the government. ” Further, Lenin very insightfully wrote about hand grenades and an “automatic gun”, and then this: “Around the slogan: the overthrow of the royal power and the convening of a constituent assembly by the revolutionary government, we will group and will group an increasing part of the proletariat, the peasantry and the troops”. And here again the question is, and who is this ... are we? Peasants? No, they are petty-bourgeois and unconscious. Workers ... no, this proposal is not visible. This means a kind of “third force,” namely, the “party of revolutionaries,” which at the end of the article Lenin calls “the party of the class-conscious proletariat.” Among her and come from the "middle class". This is already a true, modern term, ”but it reflects the essence well. Just look at Lenin’s comrades-in-arms to make sure that this was not a poor thing, but people who had an education and had the opportunity ... to arrange their own life. Not very rich, but such that they did not clean the floor at home and did not clean the carpets with a vacuum cleaner. And what about the conscious proletariat? He actually was at this time, had an education, read Adam Smith and Karl Marx in the original? No, of course! Those same were yesterday's peasants-migrant workers, just a little earlier than the others moved to the city and some things picked up here. That’s all. The intelligentsia led them all the same, and, in particular, former associate attorney Vladimir Ulyanov, who did not win this field, by the way, not a single case. “Only one of his clients received a milder sentence than the one that the prosecutor insisted on,” later recalled his younger sister, Maria Ilyinichna Ulyanova. Other revolutionaries from the top of the RSDLP had similar biographies, by the way, they are all well known. Moreover, according to the theory of “bringing in consciousness” at that time, it was decided that the industrial proletariat itself is not revolutionary and is inclined only to economic requirements (“trade unionism”), and the necessary “consciousness” is given to it (“introduced” ) from the outside by the party of the “new type”, the party of professional revolutionaries, which is the “vanguard”.


Revolutionary Lunacharsky Anatoly Vasilyevich. This is the son of a full state councilor, and a nobleman himself with a university degree. After the revolution Commissar of Education.

And now let's run a little ahead and turn to the well-known novel-warning of the English writer George Orwell “1984”, written in 1948 (hence, by the way, its name!), Which has such impressive lines: “... throughout stories and, apparently, from the end of the Neolithic, there were three kinds of people in the world: upper, middle and lower. The groups were subdivided in a variety of ways, carrying all sorts of names, their numerical proportions, and also mutual relations changed from century to century; but the fundamental structure of society remained unchanged. ”

Revolutionary Kamenev Lev Borisovich. His father was a machinist on the Moscow-Kursk railway, then he graduated from St. Petersburg Institute of Technology and became an engineer; mother graduated from the Bestuzhev Higher Courses. Kamenev himself studied at the gymnasium and at the law faculty of Moscow University.


Revolutionary Zinoviev Grigory Evseevich. Father - the owner of a dairy farm. He studied at the Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bern.

Even after tremendous upheavals and seemingly irreversible changes, this structure was restored, just as the gyroscope regains its position no matter where it is pushed. The goals of these three groups are completely incompatible. The purpose of the higher ones is to stay where they are. The goal of the medium is to swap places with the higher ones; the goal of the lower ones is when they have a goal, because it is characteristic for the lower ones that they are crushed by hard work and only occasionally direct the gaze beyond the limits of everyday life to note all differences and create a society where all people should be equal. Thus, throughout history, a struggle flares up again and again, always the same in general terms. For a long time, the higher ones seem to firmly hold power, but sooner or later there comes a moment when they lose either faith in themselves, or the ability to govern effectively, or both. Then they are overthrown by the middle, and themselves become higher. In the meantime, new averages peel off from one of two groups or from both, and the struggle begins all over again. Of the three groups, only the lowest never succeed in achieving their goals, even temporarily. It would be an exaggeration to say that history was not accompanied by material progress. But no increase in wealth, no softening of manners, no revolutions and reforms brought human equality one millimeter closer. From a lower point of view, all historical changes meant little more than a change of owners. ”


Revolutionary Kalinin Mikhail Ivanovich - one of the most "grassroots revolutionaries" in the cohort of Leninist revolutionaries. He was born in the village, in the family of peasants, but he graduated from the elementary zemstvo school, then he worked in the service of the landowner neighbor DP Mordukhay-Boltovsky. In 1889, he took him to St. Petersburg. There he worked for him as a footman, which allowed him to read many books from the master library. In 1893, he began working as a student at the St. Petersburg Cartridge Plant, and from 1895 as a turner at the Putilov Plant. After the revolution - Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

All for Lenin, eh? The workers themselves are inclined only to trade unionism. But “the party of a new type” “opens their eyes”, “introduces” revolutionary consciousness, finally simply calls on the barricades - more actively than before, and you still need to remember the grenades and stock up with automatic guns and ... everything is a victory for the revolution in the case of universal and Simultaneous performance of this party is provided. And in principle, this point of view, which passed through many Leninist works with a red thread ... fully justified itself both in 1917 in Russia and in 2014 in the course of the Ukrainian Maidan, only there, instead of grenades, bottles of gasoline were used, and snipers acted instead of automatic guns. But ... we are not talking about revolutionary technologies, by no means, but about the working class.


Revolutionary Trotsky Lev Davidovich. The son of wealthy landowner landlords. He studied at the School of St. Paul in Odessa. In emigration he was considered an educated young man.

So, we knocked out “trade unionism” from it, the need and calamities were aggravated by the war (of the First World War, wasn't it?) To the limit. “The tops cannot, but the bottoms don't want,” and so the Romanov dynasty is overthrown. And what about Lenin, what does he write soon after this significant event? In his work The Tasks of the Proletariat in Our Revolution, he writes the following:
“Russia is in full swing now. Millions and tens of millions, politically sleeping for ten years, politically hammered by the terrible oppression of tsarism and hard labor for the landlords and manufacturers, woke up and reached for politics. And who are these millions and tens of millions? Mostly petty proprietors, petty bourgeois, people standing in the middle between capitalists and wage workers. Russia is the most petty-bourgeois country of all European countries.
The giant petty-bourgeois wave swept over everything, the conscious proletariat suppressed not only with its numbers, but also ideologically, that is, it infected, captured very wide circles of workers with petty-bourgeois views on politics.
The petty bourgeoisie in life depends on the bourgeoisie, living itself in a businesslike and not proletarian way (in the sense of a place in social production), and in the way of thinking it follows the bourgeoisie. ”


Revolutionary Stalin Joseph Vissarionovich. The son of a shoemaker, prone to drunkenness and bouts of rage, who beat his wife and son. Mother peasant woman, daughter of a serf gardener. He graduated from the Gori religious school. He studied at the Orthodox Tiflis Theological Seminary, but he did not graduate and did not become a priest. But he received a certificate that he graduated from four classes and can teach in elementary public schools. In 1931, in an interview given to the German writer Emil Ludwig, and answering the question of what pushed him to opposition: “Perhaps poor treatment by parents?” Stalin gave the following answer: “No. My parents treated me quite well. Another thing is theological seminary, where I studied then. Out of protest against the mocking regime and the Jesuit methods that the seminary had, I was ready to become and really became a revolutionary, a supporter of Marxism ... ”But Lenin was hanged by a brother ...


The first page of the list of 46 "arrested, registered for the NKVD of the USSR" from 29 in January 1942. I. Stalin's resolution: "Shoot everyone named in the note. I. Art. ”According to the“ Stalinist death lists ”, 43768 people were convicted, mainly from administrative structures, military, NKVD employees and members of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), most of whom were shot.

But the question is, of whom was this “petty-bourgeois wave” consisted? From bourgeoisie with canes and bowlers? H-th-th-th! It was just like that that Lenin called small proprietors, to which all peasants, even the poor, and also merchants, merchants, shopkeepers, sex workers and many more ... and ... the overwhelming majority of ... the workers could rightfully be attributed. First, it is all those who, working in the city, had allotments in the village. Secondly, who had deposits in banks (and there were such) and bonds of military loans, and relatives - again, sex, merchants, peddlers, salespeople who went to the police and ... and ... and ... Thirdly - this is the working elite! Masters of workshops, masters in workshops, who had a reservation from the call "turners of the first hand" ... And who then could be considered "conscious"? Again, people who came yesterday from the village and ... a little less fortunate than others. Brother clerk no, uncle - head. Tea "Society of Sobriety" is absent, the master of the workshop for youth has not yet become, but I want to live well! That is, the stratum of such “conscious” workers was very thin. Lenin himself uses the word “giant”, that is, he understood that there are a lot of such people in the country, because Russia was the most peasant country among all European states!


Revolutionary Rudzutak Yan Ernestovich. Father and mother are farm laborers. Before 14, he was a shepherd, then a farmhand, a gardener, a loader and a foreman at the plant. After the revolution, an active supporter of Lenin, at the end of life - People's Commissar of Workers and Peasants Inspection of the USSR.


Revolutionary Shlyapnikov Alexander Gavrilovich. He was born in a petty bourgeois, and besides also an old believer family. He graduated from the three classes of the Murom Primary School. By the age of twenty he had become one of the best turners in Petersburg, but at the same time he spent most of his salary on self-education and books. He worked in the factories of England, Germany, France. He knew German and French well. The first people's commissar of labor of the RSFSR and the head of the “workers' opposition”. V. Molotov said about him: "Unprepared working man."

And when we don’t say how, it’s best to read the participant of those events John Reed - “Ten days that shook the world”, Lenin’s party was in power, this giant wave didn’t go away. Not resolved! She remained, suppressing everyone with her size, mentality, patriarchal consciousness, and in order to stay in power, the Bolsheviks needed ... to please her! But how to win the sympathies of people with a petty-bourgeois, patriarchal consciousness (and it also did not disappear anywhere!), Should have been thought, because it’s one thing to take power, and the other to keep it. The easiest and most successful way is to give these people what they want, and this is exactly what the Bolsheviks did.


Revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov-Lenin. The son of a real State Councilor, which according to the "Table of Ranks" corresponded to the military rank of Major General and gave the right to hereditary nobility. He graduated from high school and law faculty of St. Petersburg University.

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
The thought of the modern working class (part of 1)
The thought of the modern working class (part of 2)
58 comments
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  1. antivirus
    antivirus 28 December 2018 15: 56
    +2
    the findings are controversial --- but --- the GOELRO plan and other achievements are a fact (together with a dictatorship).
    build your "Shaturskaya" and other GRES on PEAT, not oil from the Baku Aligarhs.
    those (and Nobels) perfectly lobbied their interests against local raw materials (peat)
    this is one example of how RI could not "raise peat" (Germany was able to do it earlier) on time, but there are others.
    1. kalibr
      28 December 2018 16: 01
      -2
      And then peat and GOELRO?
      1. antivirus
        antivirus 28 December 2018 19: 00
        0
        in development from Wed centuries to the 20th century have reached
        and this was not enough in the 80s, and in the 20s was an unattainable dream
      2. Amper
        Amper 29 December 2018 19: 55
        +1
        Peat is one of the cheapest organic fuels. Power plants of this type existed with a + balance right up to 80x.
        1. TTi
          TTi 30 December 2018 12: 08
          -1
          Quote: Amper
          Peat is one of the cheapest organic fuels. Power plants of this type existed with a + balance right up to 80x.

          And one of the most harmful "to the exhaust".
          In the USSR, they didn’t bother with ecology at all. Outside the city, ecology was poisoned by peat (and coal) power plants, and in cities people were bent from lead, which was used in Soviet gasoline as part of the TPP (now there is none).
      3. TTi
        TTi 30 December 2018 12: 06
        -2
        Quote: kalibr
        Duma of the modern working class

        I did not expect that in the 21st century, someone believes in this bankrupt balcony (the existence of classes based on professional activity).
        It turns out no, they believe.
        And which of the Bolshevik bonzes was from the proletarians?
        Yes, no one.
        Unless Kalinin was one of lifelong footmen. I just changed the owners on time.
        And Dzhugashvili was one of the robbers. But the robber is not a proletarian. "Means of production" are different.
    2. Armata
      Armata 28 December 2018 17: 49
      +5
      The global electrification of the whole country has been a success. Or will you argue, if you have an Internet in your house every day, or the light without interruption? Is there a reason to argue?
      1. parma
        parma 29 December 2018 09: 37
        0
        Quote: Armata
        Is there a reason to argue?

        Electrification was conceived even under the tsar, but could not be realized due to the beginning of the WWI ..... And after that the Bolsheviks picked up this plan and now everyone forgets what plan was the basis ....
        1. Terran
          Terran 29 December 2018 09: 59
          +7
          And now they dream and are planning flights to the satellites of Jupiter and Saturn, a base on the Moon ... Then it will become a reality, but there will be eccentrics who will say that it was conceived, hell knows when, and these just used the idea. The main thing is not who put forward fantasies who DID. Any dancer can be hindered by anything, there is always a reason, but those sacrificial communists of the initial period could and did it, without whining that they were prevented by intervention, civil war, hunger, devastation, international isolation, massive emigration of engineers, etc. ... Because whining about the fact that something has prevented you, "and so, hoo" he always looks pathetic.
        2. naidas
          naidas 30 December 2018 22: 44
          0
          the Crimean bridge was also conceived under the tsar, but could not be realized ....
        3. pafegosoff
          pafegosoff 31 December 2018 22: 17
          +1
          If it was summer, if we had the glove of this woman, if we had a Doberman pinscher ...
          If there was no WWI ... If the tsar was smart and would not have gotten into the war, helping his brother, who abandoned him after the revolution, virtually destroying the entire royal family ... And all industry in Russia belonged to the vile West. The West would have electrified Russia. He needs competitors. "Plow the land and feed us!"
  2. Begemot
    Begemot 28 December 2018 15: 59
    +8
    The author's position is understandable and not even devoid of structural logic. I suspect that the NEP will be characterized as an attempt to legalize what was stolen by the revolutionaries or saved by the former owners from plunder. But only if we consider the driving forces of the revolution solely as a desire to profit from the "former", then the life of such a revolution will be short: as soon as the object of expropriation ends, the second, third circle begins, when the right revolutionaries expropriate from the wrong ones, and the former owners and the beneficiaries will resist and ultimately the wealth itself is wasted in this struggle. An impulse is needed to create new wealth and benefits, and here the questions of motivation, methods of organizing and mobilizing the masses and resources arise, which only Stalin managed to achieve.
    We look forward to continuing.
  3. kalibr
    28 December 2018 16: 03
    -9
    Quote: Begemot
    then the life span of such a revolution will be short

    And he was short, wasn’t he?
  4. rayruav
    rayruav 28 December 2018 18: 50
    0
    yeah, weakly, Purishkevich worked weakly
  5. Evgenijus
    Evgenijus 28 December 2018 19: 22
    +5
    I liked the article. There is no bias from the author towards any of the listed. Brief biographies are true. An inaccuracy about Stalin - he completed the course of study at the seminary in full, but did not appear for the final exam. In the future, he tried to get a certificate of graduation, but not a certificate. Stalin kept silent about the cruel order in the seminary in his interview. The seminary was not only strict, but also liberty. Seminarians could beat the teacher, even as the rector was killed. Many got away with it. There was plenty of freedom, they read sedition in their cells. In the future part of the article about V.I. Lenin, I hope to find out why he studied Clausewitz in some detail, his work "On the War". Moreover, independently translating the original from German and making notes in your synopsis. But the author does not have such information about J.V. Stalin.
    Thanks to the author.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 29 December 2018 10: 07
      +1
      Quote: Evgenijus
      Brief biographies are true.

      But something went around Trotsky’s caliber.
    2. TTi
      TTi 30 December 2018 12: 12
      -2
      Quote: Evgenijus
      There is an inaccuracy about Stalin - he completed the training course at the seminary, but did not appear at the final exam.

      This is also called "not finished". He did not confirm his knowledge. Therefore, it is unclear whether he studied there or just attended classes.
  6. samarin1969
    samarin1969 28 December 2018 20: 31
    +4
    A rather rare article in style and material. No hysteria, for thinking people. May there be more Shpakovsky in the coming year.
  7. Yodzakura
    Yodzakura 28 December 2018 21: 22
    -1
    He studied at the Orthodox Tiflis Theological Seminary. This is an academy. Read where the money came from at the shoemaker’s son’s studies at the seminary. Perhaps not the shoemaker Stalin’s father, but a Georgian nobleman
  8. midshipman
    midshipman 28 December 2018 21: 36
    -1
    Lying about Trotsky in your article. This is the envoy of the Jews of the United States to destroy Russia. He unhindered with the militants arrived in Russia.
    Along the line of my wife, her uncle I.A. Yagunov, a Communist from the 1912 of the year, a member of the Central Balt extremely negatively evaluated him. His wife Anfisa Nikolaevna told us this. True Yagunov I.A. was shot as an enemy of the people in the 1937 year, they were rehabilitated in the 1953 year.
    1. tatra
      tatra 29 December 2018 06: 47
      -1
      You retell the anti-Soviet fakes concocted in the anti-Soviet-Russophobic West. The enemies of the Communists are divided into puppeteers and brainless biomass, all stupidly, thoughtlessly, believing their puppeteers.
      1. Consultant
        Consultant 29 December 2018 07: 38
        -1
        Quote: tatra
        The enemies of the Communists are divided into puppeteers and brainless biomass, all stupidly, thoughtlessly, believing their puppeteers

        I admit it. But at the same time - the current "communists" are likewise divided into the same two categories.

        Personally, you, KVM, are in the second. Although you really want to cling to the first wink
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 29 December 2018 10: 09
          0
          Quote: Consultant
          Personally, you, KVM, are in the second. Although you really want to cling to the first

          Uh, no. Irishka is good. wassat
          1. Consultant
            Consultant 29 December 2018 10: 18
            +3
            Quote: Mordvin 3
            Irishka is good

            And I'm not saying that Toffee is bad. But her constant refrain "you, the enemies of the communists," I personally have already set my teeth on edge. Although I am not an enemy of the Communists even once, for me - so that the "communists" are present, that the edroses are one field of fruit. On which I will not sit even out of great need request
            1. Mordvin 3
              Mordvin 3 29 December 2018 10: 22
              +3
              Quote: Consultant
              "you, the enemies of the communists" personally has already set my teeth on edge.

              Duc at her not only here. There is, hesitated. I don’t pay attention.
            2. tatra
              tatra 29 December 2018 13: 50
              -1
              Once again about the irrationality of the enemies of the Communists, who always, during the Soviet era, and during their anti-Soviet, by what they did, said and wrote, proved that they are the fierce enemies of the Communists, that they generally almost went crazy on anti-Soviet, but always fall into hysteria when they are called enemies of the communists. Enemies of the Communists is one big chamber No. 6.
              1. Consultant
                Consultant 29 December 2018 20: 44
                0
                Quote: tatra
                Enemies of the Communists is One Big Chamber No. 6

                Correctly yes

                Only next door, in the same chamber, live looking for enemies (in their second 90) where they are, in general, not request

                Nevertheless - with the coming you. If you weren’t, you would have to come up with love
        2. tatra
          tatra 29 December 2018 13: 46
          0
          The enemies of the Communists in the USSR are irrational creatures. That's when you rage against the Communists and their supporters, against socialism, a planned economy, collective farms, we normal people defend all this and these.
          But when YOU are accused, you either whine in a cowardly way: we have nothing to do with it, it is all the others who are to blame, or you rush AGAIN to rage against others.
          And you are clamoring about some kind of freedom. Learn how to act like normal people first.
          1. Consultant
            Consultant 29 December 2018 20: 56
            0
            You responded to my comment, and thus to me. And I didn’t want to answer, but I have to:

            Quote: tatra
            you rave against the communists and their supporters, against socialism, a planned economy, collective farms

            I am not at all freaking out against everything you have listed.

            In itself, in the form of a spherical horse in a vacuum, it may be not bad.

            Quote: tatra
            we normal people protect all this and these

            It seems to me that you are a little late ... "protect".

            It was necessary to protect in the early 90s, and now it’s the 20th on the nose, practically.

            The word "defend" is out of place here, there is nothing to "defend". And "to fight for" - the nut of modern "communists" is weak and there is not enough tyama request

            Quote: tatra
            that's when YOU are blamed

            Me? And what, excuse me?

            Personally, I am a hired labor. Yes. not cheap. Well, I’ve studied this all my life, and now I continue ... as if I had robbed nobody of this laughing

            Quote: tatra
            Learn to act like normal people first

            Irina, in the new year I wish you just that love

            PS: I even equated you with a minus ... well, "so that it was" yes
  9. kalibr
    28 December 2018 22: 18
    -1
    Quote: midshipman
    This is the envoy of the Jews of the United States to destroy Russia. He unhindered with the militants arrived in Russia.

    Do better electronics!
  10. Comrade Kim
    Comrade Kim 29 December 2018 00: 05
    +2
    Quote: midshipman
    Lying about Trotsky in your article. This is the envoy of the Jews of the United States to destroy Russia. He unhindered with the militants arrived in Russia.
    Along the line of my wife, her uncle I.A. Yagunov, a Communist from the 1912 of the year, a member of the Central Balt extremely negatively evaluated him. His wife Anfisa Nikolaevna told us this. True Yagunov I.A. was shot as an enemy of the people in the 1937 year, they were rehabilitated in the 1953 year.

    It is sad that the Jewish leaders of the revolution bashfully call them underground nicknames, Trotsky is
    Leiba Bronstein,
    Boydegger-child molester Lunacharsky is jid Bailich-Mandelstam
    Pervert Kamenev - his real name Rosenfeld,
    Zinoviev Apfelbaum.
    Rudzutak Jan Ernestovich is a Lithuanian Jew, and so on until the last party worker who occupied at least some significant managerial position in the party.
    It was these "bright" representatives of the party who deliberately destroyed the basis of that Russia - the middle class, the intelligentsia, quickly occupying the vacated places.
    For example VSNH The Supreme Council of the National Economy consisted entirely of representatives who almost no longer concealed their real names:
    "The Supreme Council of National Economy (VSNKh) All Jews:
    The chairman is Rykov. The chairman of the Petrograd Supreme Economic Council is Eismont. His deputy. - Landeman. The chief in Petrograd is Kreinis. Deputy Rykova - Krasikov. The head of the general section in Moscow is A. Shotman. His assistant is O.
    Haikina. The head of the recovery department is Kichwalter. Responsible for the restoration - N. A. Rosenberg. His assistant is Zandic. The head of the Oil Committee is Tavrid. The head of the fish department is Klammer.
    The head of the coal section is Rotenberg. The head of the Transport Section is Kirsyan (Armenian Jew). His assistant is Shlemov. The head of the metallurgical section is A. Alperovich.
    Supreme Economic Council Bureau (all Jews): Creitman. Weinberg. Krasin. Lurie (Larin). Chubar (noted that a Jew). Goldblatt. Lomov. Alperovich. Rabinovich.
    Donetsk Committee of the Supreme Economic Council (all Jews): Kogan (Bernstein). A.I. Ochkis.
    Polonsky. Bisk (Lithuanian Jew). Klassen (Lithuanian Jew). Livshits.
    Kirsch (German Jew). Kruse (German Jew). Vihter. Rosenthal.
    Simanovich.
    Members of the cooperative section (all Jews): Lubomirsky. Khinchuk. Zedelheim.
    Tager. Khaikin. Krichevsky.
    Members of the mining section (all Jews): Kosior. Goldman. Lannix.
    Holtzman. Schmidt. Smith Volkner. Rudzutak. Sortel. Rainsvit. Bloom.
    Katzel. Sul. Chetkov. "

    https://wowavostok.livejournal.com/7525115.html
    This is what the outstanding mathematician and philosopher I.R. Shafarevich about the Jewish "elite":
    "" ... all this power does not act at all in the direction of satisfying the direct, human interests of the bulk of 14 or 15 million Jews in the world. I. Shahak, S. Margolina and others express the feelings of those who cannot live, hiding in "closed" Jewish societies, being under constant pressure from their leadership and artificially maintained ancient fears and taboos. It has always been that way. Neither the Jewish revolutionaries in Russia, nor the Jewish bankers who supplied them with money, cared about the fate of hundreds of thousands of Jews who would be ruined as a result of the revolution or killed in the turmoil. Like the leaders of the Jewish organizations in the United States, who called for an economic war with Hitler's Germany, fanned the passions that led to terrorist attacks against German functionaries - apparently, and now they ignore the connection of this with what they call the "Holocaust". At least I have never seen a discussion of the liability issue that arises here. After all, they knew who they were dealing with. And the "Kaufman Plan" or "Morgenthau Plan" could directly serve as a leaflet to excite the spirit of "Sonderkommand". "
    1. tatra
      tatra 29 December 2018 06: 50
      0
      Here is another zombie concocted in the West anti-Soviet lies. For such zombies, even the Internet, as the source of almost any information, is not to help.
      Lunacharsky -
      the son of Alexandra Yakovlevna Rostovtseva and Alexander Antonov. Anatoly Vasilievich Lunacharsky was born in Poltava on November 23, 1875 in the family of a real state adviser Vasily Fedorovich Lunacharsky and Alexandra Yakovlevna Rostovtseva
  11. kalibr
    29 December 2018 08: 25
    +4
    Quote: Comrade Kim
    Quote: midshipman
    Lying about Trotsky in your article. This is the envoy of the Jews of the United States to destroy Russia. He unhindered with the militants arrived in Russia.
    Along the line of my wife, her uncle I.A. Yagunov, a Communist from the 1912 of the year, a member of the Central Balt extremely negatively evaluated him. His wife Anfisa Nikolaevna told us this. True Yagunov I.A. was shot as an enemy of the people in the 1937 year, they were rehabilitated in the 1953 year.

    It is sad that the Jewish leaders of the revolution bashfully call them underground nicknames, Trotsky is
    Leiba Bronstein,
    Boydegger-child molester Lunacharsky is jid Bailich-Mandelstam
    Pervert Kamenev - his real name Rosenfeld,
    Zinoviev Apfelbaum.
    Rudzutak Jan Ernestovich is a Lithuanian Jew, and so on until the last party worker who occupied at least some significant managerial position in the party.
    It was these "bright" representatives of the party who deliberately destroyed the basis of that Russia - the middle class, the intelligentsia, quickly occupying the vacated places.
    For example VSNH The Supreme Council of the National Economy consisted entirely of representatives who almost no longer concealed their real names:
    "The Supreme Council of National Economy (VSNKh) All Jews:
    The chairman is Rykov. The chairman of the Petrograd Supreme Economic Council is Eismont. His deputy. - Landeman. The chief in Petrograd is Kreinis. Deputy Rykova - Krasikov. The head of the general section in Moscow is A. Shotman. His assistant is O.
    Haikina. The head of the recovery department is Kichwalter. Responsible for the restoration - N. A. Rosenberg. His assistant is Zandic. The head of the Oil Committee is Tavrid. The head of the fish department is Klammer.
    The head of the coal section is Rotenberg. The head of the Transport Section is Kirsyan (Armenian Jew). His assistant is Shlemov. The head of the metallurgical section is A. Alperovich.
    Supreme Economic Council Bureau (all Jews): Creitman. Weinberg. Krasin. Lurie (Larin). Chubar (noted that a Jew). Goldblatt. Lomov. Alperovich. Rabinovich.
    Donetsk Committee of the Supreme Economic Council (all Jews): Kogan (Bernstein). A.I. Ochkis.
    Polonsky. Bisk (Lithuanian Jew). Klassen (Lithuanian Jew). Livshits.
    Kirsch (German Jew). Kruse (German Jew). Vihter. Rosenthal.
    Simanovich.
    Members of the cooperative section (all Jews): Lubomirsky. Khinchuk. Zedelheim.
    Tager. Khaikin. Krichevsky.
    Members of the mining section (all Jews): Kosior. Goldman. Lannix.
    Holtzman. Schmidt. Smith Volkner. Rudzutak. Sortel. Rainsvit. Bloom.
    Katzel. Sul. Chetkov. "

    https://wowavostok.livejournal.com/7525115.html
    This is what the outstanding mathematician and philosopher I.R. Shafarevich about the Jewish "elite":
    "" ... all this power does not act at all in the direction of satisfying the direct, human interests of the bulk of 14 or 15 million Jews in the world. I. Shahak, S. Margolina and others express the feelings of those who cannot live, hiding in "closed" Jewish societies, being under constant pressure from their leadership and artificially maintained ancient fears and taboos. It has always been that way. Neither the Jewish revolutionaries in Russia, nor the Jewish bankers who supplied them with money, cared about the fate of hundreds of thousands of Jews who would be ruined as a result of the revolution or killed in the turmoil. Like the leaders of the Jewish organizations in the United States, who called for an economic war with Hitler's Germany, fanned the passions that led to terrorist attacks against German functionaries - apparently, and now they ignore the connection of this with what they call the "Holocaust". At least I have never seen a discussion of the liability issue that arises here. After all, they knew who they were dealing with. And the "Kaufman Plan" or "Morgenthau Plan" could directly serve as a leaflet to excite the spirit of "Sonderkommand". "

    The point in this case is not whether they are Jews or not, but from the workers or not ...
    1. Amper
      Amper 29 December 2018 19: 58
      +2
      I would also like a footnote about the integrity of ebna, pu and others ...
    2. Well, how else
      Well, how else 4 January 2019 03: 52
      0
      Where did you see a Jew with a shovel?
  12. kalibr
    29 December 2018 09: 03
    +1
    Quote: tatra
    in the family of a full state councilor

    This is really important.
  13. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 29 December 2018 09: 14
    +2
    The structure of the Marxist-Leninist theory itself for the grandiose upheaval that took place in Russia ... is secondary! Exactly. No matter how the theorists talk about "inevitability", the seizure of power in the country did not take place entirely by the Bolsheviks. This happened for the simple reason that the bourgeois revolution, initiated and carried out by the bourgeoisie, failed technically.
    In my opinion, the potential of tsarist Russia was very great, in the opinion of any capitalist of that era it was ruled as if "by itself." It's hard to grasp, but ... look at the number of governing bodies of the tsarist Power. It is not just small. The number of people who ruled and gave the Law to colossal expanses and millions of people is simply ridiculous! And yet it worked well.
    Well, all sorts of bourgeois and generals thought that they would stage a coup, change the government entirely and completely, and the management mechanism would continue to work "by itself." They didn't understand how it worked at all. Nor did they understand that this fantastically effective government is heavily tied to the monarchy. Everything collapsed. The management of a giant country has simply ceased!
    And the Bolsheviks came to fill the vacuum of power. They did not conquer it, but took what no one else could keep. They had a program, and it was feasible. But did others also have programs? First, others did not have Lenin - a tough dictator and at the same time a man of great intelligence (and this happens extremely rarely).
    And secondly, the program of the Bolsheviks was, of course, incomprehensible to the majority. But it had elements that made it possible to throw bridges to the best aspects of the royal way of government! Stalin understood this better than anyone else. Alas, he could not say anything directly, the ideology of this whole "proletarian" theory tightly forbade him the slightest direct explanation.
    Russia started a grandiose experiment unprecedented in the world. Alas, he was ruined by a lie to each other, base human qualities ... yes a lot. We did not manage.
  14. nnz226
    nnz226 29 December 2018 10: 40
    +2
    Of the prominent figures shown in the photo, the majority are Jews. Not to anti-Semitism, the question is different: a lot is written about the "Pale of Settlement" and restrictions for "persons of the Jewish faith" in getting an education, but no! Everyone had a good education in tsarist Russia ...
  15. Baloo
    Baloo 29 December 2018 10: 58
    0
    Wish to the author: materialization of ideas and driving forces require money. Here is more about this. The origin is not important, the other is important - work is what they pay for.
    And by the way, about the political opponents of Stalin, some of them returned the loot from Gokhran, and who still managed to throw packages to the cousins ​​of the river. And in more detail about Sverdlov’s brother, whose bank was opened in America in 1916 and closed after Sverdlov’s death.
    1. kalibr
      29 December 2018 15: 56
      +1
      Quote: Balu
      And by the way, about the political opponents of Stalin, some of them returned the loot from Gokhran, and who still managed to throw packages to the cousins ​​of the river. And in more detail about Sverdlov’s brother, whose bank was opened in America in 1916 and closed after Sverdlov’s death.

      Not a specialist. I can only about the working class.
  16. kalibr
    29 December 2018 15: 59
    0
    Quote: nnz226
    Much is written about the "Pale of Settlement" and the restrictions for "persons of the Jewish faith" in getting an education, but no! Everyone had a good education in tsarist Russia ...

    That's it! So not everything was so terrible. Who wanted - got everything he wanted!
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 31 December 2018 14: 23
      -1
      To get out of the Jews, it was enough to be baptized.
      1. kalibr
        31 December 2018 15: 23
        0
        But they did not all go out!
  17. Amper
    Amper 29 December 2018 20: 03
    +1
    The conclusion of the ideologists of the class struggle is clear!
    Either capital or workers !? There is no third....
    Statistics - an unemotional arbiter! What is there outside our window?
    The choice of the masses ... And their life of their choice!
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Comrade Kim
    Comrade Kim 29 December 2018 23: 10
    +1
    Quote: kalibr
    The point in this case is not whether they are Jews or not, but from the workers or not ...


    So the surrealism of the situation lies in this, that only "working Jews" stepping over the smoking blood of the representatives of the titular nation killed and tortured by them.
  20. Altona
    Altona 31 December 2018 11: 25
    +2
    A biased article, and uninformative. In general, it looks more like an article by an envious person who laments that this should not be so. In places with fascist calculations about "higher, middle and lower". There would be minuses, I would put a minus. And about the poor in the revolution, if the revolutions were made by the poor, then the whole of Africa would be blazing with revolutions.
    1. kalibr
      31 December 2018 15: 24
      0
      Increase political literacy!
  21. EvilLion
    EvilLion 31 December 2018 14: 21
    +1
    But no growth in prosperity, no softening of morals, no revolutions and reforms brought human equality closer by a millimeter.


    This is nonsense. The mere recognition of each person was very surprising for a person from the time of the slave system. And blacks for people began to count recently. It would be nice for the author to learn a story.

    43768 people were convicted according to the Stalin’s execution lists, mainly from administrative structures, military, NKVD officers and members of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), most of whom were executed.


    That is, have they already begun to admit that thousands more 600 were shot or sentenced, not at all at the initiative of Stalin?

    from whom did this very “petty-bourgeois wave" consist? Of the bourgeois with canes and bowlers? N-e-e-t! It was just like that that Lenin called small owners, to which ALL PEASANTS, even the poor, and also merchants, merchants, shopkeepers, genders and many more ... and ... the vast majority ... workers can rightfully be attributed.


    And does the author know what the bourgeoisie as a class is? Or do you need to explain basic things to him?
  22. EvilLion
    EvilLion 31 December 2018 14: 22
    0
    Higher \ middle \ lower can always be distinguished. Even three soldiers from one company should be taken, and one of them will be among them alpha by some criterion.
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 1 January 2019 18: 26
      0
      Quote: EvilLion
      Higher \ middle \ lower can always be distinguished. Even three soldiers from one company should be taken, and one of them will be among them alpha by some criterion.

      Have you ever been one of these three? I was, better than others, orientated on the terrain, read the map, laid the route; another found a common language with the local population as born here, could "spin" on any useful information; the third was a little slow, but very careful and attentive, in between times, on the go, he could pick up food for dinner during the day) and cooked well. There was no "alpha" among us. The elders were often assigned the second, but this was a formality for us, we were a small temporary family, where everyone respects and appreciates each other. Eh, youth, damn it.
      1. Ekaterina Shtepa
        Ekaterina Shtepa 2 January 2019 17: 36
        0
        Alpha should always be - read Darwin and Freud!
  23. kalibr
    31 December 2018 15: 26
    -1
    Quote: EvilLion
    But no growth in prosperity, no softening of morals, no revolutions and reforms brought human equality closer by a millimeter.

    Claims to J. Orwell, yes?
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 31 December 2018 18: 38
      +2
      Orwell wrote about the American reality that surrounded him. And I do not understand on what basis you draw conclusions of "cosmic scale and cosmic stupidity" on the basis of his purely artistic satirical propaganda books.
  24. kalibr
    31 December 2018 15: 27
    -1
    Quote: EvilLion
    And does the author know what the bourgeoisie as a class is? Or do you need to explain basic things to him?

    Do you understand them better? We are waiting for an article on IN!
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 31 December 2018 18: 41
      +3
      I do not need to build a palace to say that the barn is crooked. And you, like the classics of Marxism-Leninism, have read, and you should know that the bourgeois is a person who owns the means of production and exploits wage labor. For the petty bourgeoisie, this border is very arbitrary, since a person can work himself and hire a couple of assistants. But not having a bank account.
  25. Ekaterina Shtepa
    Ekaterina Shtepa 2 January 2019 17: 35
    0
    Stalin did not finish the seminary.
  26. srha
    srha 6 January 2019 13: 10
    0
    "no growth in prosperity, no softening of morals, no revolutions and reforms have brought human equality a millimeter closer" - lying. There are a lot of examples, I’ll give you personal, already conscious - at the institute the rabfakovs hesitated in their studies, I will write softly, with my inhibition (and remember the valencies after the army, yes limits ...), but the task was set (the order) and the inequality gradually decreased, and even myself worked on this - clarified and helped.
  27. Comrade Kim
    Comrade Kim 7 January 2019 13: 16
    0
    Quote: nnz226
    Everyone had a good education in tsarist Russia ...

    Exactly. And then mercilessly cutting out most of the Russian intelligentsia joyfully, with riveting, they occupied leading posts.
    That is why the revolution was needed, consciously and almost irreversibly they (revolutionaries) burned out the soul of Russia, ruining villages and farms, pushing the masses of hungry and poor peasants into the cities.
    Just like much earlier in England and in America (the war of the north and south, supposedly for the freedom of blacks), an acute phase of the struggle of capital against the rural way of life began in Russia. Factories and plants needed new slaves.
    Here is what the famous mathematician, philosopher and thinker I.R.Shafarevich writes about this:
    "The path of the West was as follows: the destruction of the countryside and, on the basis of this, the construction of an industrial society (partly with funds received in the countryside, partly by turning peasants into proletarians). Russia opposed this trend. And not only by peasant uprisings. The policy of power was also aimed at preventing proletarianization. For this, the community was preserved during the liberation of the peasants, then plans were developed for the Bunge and Witte reforms, Stolypin's reforms - all of them were designed for this purpose. "