The submarine of the 955 "Borey" project is symbolic in every sense: this ship was the first in stories the fourth (last) generation strategic submarine-launched missile cruiser. The advantages of such nuclear submarines are well known. The main can be called an even greater secrecy, which is achieved by maximizing the reduced level of noise.
Why did the US not want to get its own new strategic boat before the others? One can argue on this score for a long time, but the main argument seems to be that the potential inherent in Ohio-type submarines allows them even now to remain the basis of the entire US nuclear triad. Recall that one such submarine in a strategic version (some of the Ohio-type submarines were previously converted to carry cruise missiles) carries 24 solid propellant UGM-133A Trident II (D5) ballistic missiles (DXNUMX), the largest among all modern ballistic missiles of submarines (DXNUMX) throw weight.
As is the case with the United States, the Russian naval component of the nuclear triad is based on what was inherited from the Cold War. We are talking about different representatives of the Project 667 submarine family, which are at the junction of the second and third generations. Now these boats are rapidly becoming obsolete. This is what prompted the country's leadership to seriously re-equip its fleet, and to begin with strategic missile submarines. The logic in this, of course, is. A little more, and Russia could finally say goodbye to the capabilities of the fleet, as a deterrent. Some say that this would be a logical end to the degradation of the fleet, and, generally speaking, there is nothing bad here. But this is hardly true.
Nowadays, it is not difficult to track the surface complexes of mine and mobile based. And although they pose a real threat to the West, the phrase “nuclear triad” has not lost its significance even today. Although, for obvious reasons (the strategic capabilities of cruise missiles are relatively modest), aviation component has lost ground. And not only in Russia.
"Borey" of all seas
In total, the Russian Navy currently has three 955 boats: K-535 "Yuri Dolgoruky", K-550 "Alexander Nevsky" and K-551 "Vladimir Monomakh". 28 November 2018 from Severodvinsk for the first time launched the strategic nuclear design submarine project 09552 (“Borey-A” cipher) into the sea for factory trials. The official bookmark of the K-549 submarine "Prince Vladimir" was produced at the Northern machine-building enterprise in Severodvinsk on July 30 of the year 2012. The construction was carried out as part of a separate contract between the Russian Ministry of Defense and United Shipbuilding Corporation JSC.
The main intrigue, of course, was the "stuffing" of the submarine. Unfortunately, the exact differences between the new boat and the previous ships of the 955 project are unknown. With great confidence we can say that the basic capabilities of the boat, in general, remained unchanged. Like its predecessors, the submarine carries sixteen Bulava R-30 missiles.
It is worth recalling that earlier it became known about the plans to modernize this product. In January 2017, a source in the military-industrial complex said that the payload of the P-30 can be more than doubled, and the range increased to 12 thousand km (now it is 9300 km). Also, according to the source, the potential incorporated in the complex allows the boats to be equipped with an advanced missile without a serious rework of nuclear submarines.
It is not known whether these requirements were taken into account when designing the Prince Vladimir submarine, however, it is clear that increasing the technical performance of the P-30 rocket will be the next important step towards its improvement, following an increase in reliability. In general, in order to assert something specific in this case, we need official confirmation. We also recall that earlier there were rumors about an increase in the number of rocket mines on the Borey-A submarines from sixteen to twenty. However, back in 2013, this information was refuted.
There are, however, more confirmed data. From the well-known differences of the “Prince Vladimir” from the three previously built submarines: reduced noise, improved maneuverability and retention at depth, as well as new control systems weapons. The ex-commander-in-chief of the Navy Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky told about this in his time. According to a number of media reports, a better level of secrecy for the new submarine will be ensured by a lower level of physical fields (electric, acoustic, infrared, magnetic and some other fields characteristic of the ship, as a material object). In practice, this means that it becomes even more difficult to identify a submarine. In addition, the developers sought to improve the conditions for the crew, which is extremely important during long hikes.
The further fate of the submarine "Borey-A" seems relatively cloudless, which can not be said about the improved version in the face of "Borey-B" (however, first things first). After the submarine K-549, four more nuclear submarines "Borey-A" intend to be commissioned. In addition, 30 on November 2018 of the TASS, citing an anonymous source, said that Russia would build two more serial nuclear submarines of the 2028A “Borey-A” project by the 955 year, so the total number of Borey submarines of all modifications will be increased to ten. Without a doubt, this will completely abandon the submarines of the project 667BDRM “Dolphin”, having received a modern and, in theory, highly efficient component of the nuclear triad.
The above-mentioned project "Borey-B", apparently, finally sunk into oblivion. Back in May of this year, TASS with reference to one of the sources reported that this submarine does not meet the criteria of "price-effectiveness". It is not known for certain exactly what the new submarine could boast. According to reports, they wanted to install a new water jet on it and equip it with more sophisticated equipment. The refusal of the modernized "Borea" should not be surprising: this is not the first (and, one must assume, not the last) Russian military project that will become hostage to the "new economic policy."
Modern Russia, unlike in Russia of past years, has to scrupulously count money spent on defense. Otherwise, she runs the risk of being left with nothing at all. It is also worth noting that the presence of the most unified fleet of strategic submarines and the same approach with respect to multipurpose submarines (meaning submarines of the 885 “Ash” project) will eliminate many of the problems associated with operating a large number of very different boats and their modifications. inherited from the USSR. In fact, Russia quite reasonably wants to have two types of nuclear submarines at its disposal in the future: the 885 submarines and the 955 submarines (including the Borey-A version, of course). We can observe a similar picture on the example of the United States, although the Americans, as is well known, unlike Russia, refused to build non-nuclear submarines. So in their case is still easier.