The era of “great stagnation” in the USSR began when the party elite was frightened of the future, frightened of its people, their passionarity, enthusiasm and creativity. Instead of development, the post-Stalinist leadership chose stability, existence. Instead of change, immutability. The Soviet elite no longer needed a new reality, a "bright future" for everyone.
Now in Moscow they were solving the problem of how to come to terms with the old world, the capitalist (western) system, and agree with the masters of the West about coexistence. In fact, it was surrender - reconciliation and coexistence meant giving up the struggle with an unjust concept of life, with the gradual surrender of positions and involvement in the Western system. Moreover, when abandoning its development project, the great Russia (USSR) was bound to become a cultural, technological semi-colonial, raw material periphery of the West. What we have seen in 1990 — 2000-s are seen today. No other is given. Either original, own, Russian development project, based on Russian civilization, national code, or slaveryperhaps first in the illusions of "freedom" and consumer paradise. But to pay for this "paradise" will have the future of entire generations and the faithful past of a great power.
After the removal of Stalin, the Soviet elite began to degenerate, and each of its generation was weaker and more painful than the previous one. Which led to the disaster in 1991. Moreover, the disaster has not yet ended and continues. Its development was only frozen in the 2000s. But the process of decay continues. The core of great Russia (USSR) - the Russian Federation, still exists. The West is still waging a war of annihilation, which will be decided by the liquidation of the “Russian question” - Russian civilization and people. A terrible and bloody tragedy takes place right before our eyes. Even the hassle of information technology and the digital world can no longer cover the obvious. The Russians are dying, and if there is no radical change, they will not survive the 1990st century. They will leave miserable fragments of the once great people, "ethnographic material", which will be absorbed by the global South, North and China. The situation has already reached the point where in the 2000s and even XNUMXs it would have seemed crazy nonsense - before the fratricidal war in the Donbass, the Russians against the Russians, two Russian states, the Russian Federation and Little Russia (Ukraine), pitted against each other. The masters of the West raised an aggressive, oligarchic, gangster-Nazi regime in small Russia that hates everything Russian and wipes out the dying fragment of the Russian world, it historical cradle. The situation is catastrophic, and most people do not even see what is happening.
Thus, the Soviet elite abandoned its own development project and began to look for opportunities for rapprochement with the West. They bet on material needs, personal, clan and group interests. Matter defeated the spirit. The heirs of Stalin at one point devalued all the exploits, heroism, and many-million losses of the people. They dealt a fatal blow to the Soviet civilization, the project and the new society of the future. They betrayed the project of Russian (Soviet) globalization on the principles of co-flourishing.
It is clear that, by inertia, the country was still going forward, under Khrushchev and Brezhnev there were still great victories and achievements, discoveries and breakthroughs. Schools and institutes were built, roads and bridges, space and military technologies showed amazing possibilities of future reality. But it was already inertia, not a conscious movement. Why did this happen? Obviously, because of the psychology, moral qualities of the then party elite. Party nobility was based on material, selfish interests. She wanted power for personal, clan, group interests. These people easily became the ranks of the "fifth column", "enemies of the people." They wanted to “live beautifully”, as representatives of the western elite lived abroad. As soon as the process of “stripping” and updating the elite ceased, its rotting began.
These people clung to power with all their strength, since power provided wide material possibilities. Hence the rapid corruption of power, the rapid fouling of the "elite" with bonds, capital, property, luxury goods, and deliberate overconsumption. "Elite" falls away from civilizational, national development tasks and turns into looters, thieves, mafia. Losing support among the people and looking for contacts with the same mafia abroad. All this we have perfectly observed and are now observing in the vast expanses of the former USSR. It is clear that the percentage of active “rats” was initially small. The bulk of the party and bureaucracy of the USSR were ordinary people, passive and driven. But a small part did the job - passionate (with a minus sign), energetic, cunning and cynical. All sorts of Khrushchev, Gorbachev, Wisdom, Yakovlev, Chubais and Gaidars. So the people closed the door to the future.
Moreover, the 1960 — 1970 years are considered the “golden age” of the USSR. There was still hope for a brighter future. New generations were born and raised who either partially affected or did not see the horrors of the Civil War, the subsequent devastation, labor, blood and sweat of industrialization and collectivization, the terrible Great Patriotic War. For the first time in the history of Russia-Russia, the country lived in safety, having the most powerful armed forces on the planet. The constant threat of war is a thing of the past. People saw how life is improving literally before our eyes. Reforms of Kosygin, a Stalinist nominee, a brilliant business executive and the cleverest man, continued the work of Stalin. Kosygin tried to spur production, improve the lives of the best workers, those who work better than loafers. At the same time, public funds developed, from which medical care, pensions, sanatorium treatment, trips, etc. were paid. As a result, positive structural changes occurred in the Soviet economy.
The country made a new breakthrough. So, the Soviet Union made a breakthrough in radio electronics and aircraft. In the Union, they are creating the first communications satellites and deploying ground-based space communications complexes. The automotive industry is entering a new level. Soviet cars were then sold abroad and valued. The USSR then did not lag behind America in the creation of large computers. And he went on his course. Housing construction proceeded at an increasing rate. Families received apartments for free! Large masses produced their own household appliances, electronics, almost not inferior to Western models. Developed culture, art. The country was the most reading in the world. Nowhere in the world have young people had such opportunities to develop their intellect and creative abilities. Millions of pensioners have received, albeit a poor, but secure, calm old age.
The chemical industry, oil production and refining are developing. Kosygin's government is investing in exploration, discovering vast deposits of oil and gas. New mining methods are being mastered. It is worth noting that most of the refineries were built back in 1930 — 1960-s. In 1970, oil factories were not built, since Brezhnev began to sell (with high oil prices) oil abroad.
Thus, the development potential of the USSR economy was enormous! The problem was that the party elite had already abandoned their own project-concept of development and lost the “keys to the sky” (the influx of creative energy necessary for a breakthrough into the future). All the attention of the nomenclature was focused on the struggle for power. The bargaining began with the masters of the West for favorable terms of “rapprochement” and coexistence (in fact, absorption by the West of the social camp and the USSR). The party elite dreamed of becoming part of a global "elite". Therefore, any novelty, violation of stability scared power. And reforms Kosygin turned.
Under Brezhnev, the nomenklatura began to look for a more peaceful way of preserving the status quo. And found it. Oil. Huge reserves of "black gold", necessary for the global economy. In 1967, Moscow received ample oil from Western Siberia. In addition, another Arab-Israeli war began, and oil prices jumped sharply. At the end of the 1960-s, the Union begins a massive export of oil. During the Arab-Israeli war 1973, the price of "black gold" rose sharply again. It seemed that in Moscow they found "Eldorado" - a golden country. Currency gushed into the USSR. As a result, the economy was placed on the sale of raw materials abroad. The transformation of the Soviet economy into the economy of the "pipe" began. It came to the point that they even stopped the development of oil refining. It should be remembered that the USSR kept its production to the last, despite the development of negative trends. Yeltsin, Gaidar and Chubais destroyed their production in 1990-s and then their successors, the tandem of Putin and Medvedev, in 2000-s. At the same time, a stratum of capitalist oligarchs and the comprador bourgeoisie, thriving on the sale of raw materials and devouring their own country, was created.
The economic, social, political and psychological consequences of the “oil miracle” in the USSR were monstrous. In fact, the people and the authorities under Brezhnev made a “big deal”. The working people lived better and lower than their means, raising their standard of living apart from the increase in production efficiency, labor productivity and production growth. Additional consumer goods were purchased for the currency. The “golden age” of the Soviet inhabitant began. In exchange, the Soviet elite received an "indulgence", the tacit approval of the majority, the opportunity to blather the problem of abandoning development, to rot the swamp of stability. A gradual privatization of the national wealth of the nomenklatura begins, the cultivation of national clans of marauders, future khans-bais-presidents in the Transcaucasus, Central Asia, etc.
There is nothing surprising in this process. Usually a person tries to live in conditions of conservation of resources, energy. Oil "freebie" corrupted the power and the people. Labor criteria were perverted. Why work as a “Stakhanovite” if the country is rich in resources, oil. The standard of living broke away from the real performance. It does not matter how to work, if a lot of resources. In such a system, there is no need to develop, as a person, a product. Why maintain a high level of engineering corps and its high status, if so come down? Most bought a "freebie." They began to build "oil communism", which literally in a decade and a half killed the great Soviet empire.
In fact, under Putin, this “big deal” was repeated. Oil was expensive. Petrodollars flowed like a river. The population lived beyond their means. With the collapse, robbery and sale of the heritage of the past and the capital of future generations. In the conditions of the death of its own production, the country was filled up with consumer goods (as it turned out later, often these goods, for example, food, are much worse quality than the Soviet ones). The "elite" lived in luxury, but crumbs fell off the master's table. In exchange, the people, further deceived by the taint of TV and other media that suggested that the country "rises from its knees" and soon we will live as in Portugal, turned a blind eye to the terrible growth of corruption and theft. The fact that the future of the country is sold. To the fact that the top of the country, from deputies and officials to the creative intelligentsia, is trying with all its might to become part of the West, it transfers capital, families and children. That the country and the people do not have a goal, a project and a development program. That conscience and truth are replaced by the ideology of the "golden calf." What is the extinction of the Russian superethnos. And there is almost no time left to save civilization, the country and the people.
Why did the Soviet Union die?
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