Military Review

Deep blue Sea. Top unusual submarines of the future

18
SMX 31


Many media recently drew attention to the amazing project of the French submarine. As experts rightly point out, submarines are not the direction where many technological revolutions can now be found. However, the Naval Group engineers did their best to leave the competition behind. The concept of SMX 31 has become one of the most unusual ideas of our time. We are talking about the most inconspicuous multi-purpose boat with a multi-hull structure having a non-nuclear power plant built on the basis of electrical devices. Outside there will be a light hull of an unusual “bionic” shape that will make the submarine look like a whale. Due to such a decision, in particular, they want to achieve the best flow around during the movement and, of course, reduce visibility to the maximum. There is no cutting (in the usual form), only the rudders and a number of other small structures come out of the hull.



It is worth saying that this is far from a small submarine, although it is noticeably smaller than such large multipurpose boats like the Ash Tree. According to reports, SMX 31 will have a length of 70 meters. The estimated displacement in the submerged position - 3400 tons. The most amazing thing is that due to the wide automation, the crew should be only fifteen people.

SMX-25

This unusual ship was presented by the French company DCNS at the naval exhibition Euronaval-2010. Its main feature is that it combines the features of a surface ship and a submarine. That is, it is about combining the best qualities of these two types of military equipment. According to the designers, the gas turbine power plant with three water-cannons will allow the SMX-25 to accelerate at the surface to a speed of almost 40 knots (approximately 70 km / h), which is comparable to the performance of a number of surface ships of modern times. Having reached the combat area, the SMX-25 will be able to dive and act covertly, like a conventional submarine.



Alas, the speed in the submerged position is not impressive: only ten knots, which cannot be compared with modern submarines. The length of the ship is 110 meters, and the underwater displacement is 3000 tons. They want to supply the boat with sixteen multifunctional rockets capable of hitting surface, submarine and ground targets. Also the ship will receive torpedo tubes. Crew - 27 man.

SMX-26

One of the most unusual concepts of the Euronaval-2012 was the super-small submarine SMX 26, which was offered by the very same DCNS. The submarine will have a length of 39,5 meters and a width of 15,5 meters. The highest underwater speed will be 10 nodes, and autonomy - up to 30 days. The main feature of the SMX-26 will be the ability to operate in shallow coastal areas, where the usual large submarines have absolutely nothing to do. For greater efficiency, the submarine was even equipped with wheels. It is assumed that, in sum, with its small dimensions, this will allow it to act at depths less than fifteen meters, attacking targets when they expect it to last. For effective combat with boats and ships, the SMX 26 received two heavy and eight light torpedoes. To increase the firepower in the fight against surface targets intended retractable 20-mm gun. Also, the submarine will be able to carry up to six combat swimmers.



It is important to note that the submarine will be able to receive air and recharge the batteries with the help of hoses emitted to the surface. The main power plant drives two propellers. In addition, there are four additional retractable thrusters that increase maneuverability.

sub 2000

According to Popular Mechanics, researcher H. Sutton (HI Sutton) not so long ago found information about the American submarine with the symbol Sub 2000, an article about which was previously posted by the rear admiral of the US Navy Malcolm Fages. Note that Sutton is the founder of the Covert Shores Navy resource and the author of the book World Submarines: Covert Shores Recognition Guide.



According to him, we are talking about a multi-purpose submarine, which has ample capabilities for conducting reconnaissance. Apparently, its length "in the gland" may be 80 meters. According to available data, the boat was to receive a double-hulled architecture, which is very uncharacteristic of American shipbuilding, preferring single-hulled boats. Allegedly, they wanted to equip the submarine with an X-shaped steering system and, most likely, a new-generation jet propulsion unit, which should contribute to its maximum stealth. The boat has torpedo tubes mounted on the sides, twelve vertical launchers for cruise missiles, and can also use a mini-submarine for reconnaissance.

It is worth noting that there is no evidence of the veracity of the real existence of the project, but even if it was actually worked out in the States, it probably disappeared long ago. Now the US Navy has completely different priorities, and the Americans see the promising multipurpose submarine rather as “Sivulf” number two: large, powerful and expensive. In turn, the Sub 2000 is in many ways closer to the cost-effective Virginia.

Nautilus 100

The Nautilus 100 looks like an incredible concept and introduced the Royal Navy to 2015. It is assumed that this giant “ramp” of the distant future will be able to withstand the depth of 1000 meters, and its maximum speed will reach incredible 150 nodes (or 270 kilometers per hour). The crew of the submarine - twenty people. The submarine will be able to use hydrogen-electric engines for movement at cruising speeds and the "tunnel", which passes water through itself with the help of a fan and allows it to pick up such a high speed. The crew will be able to adjust the depth of the dive with the help of movable flexible wings. "Cherry on the cake" is to control the boat using a neural interface, when the submarine can literally read thoughts.



But all this, of course, is very far from reality. Especially the reality of british fleet, where cost savings led to the abandonment of catapults aboard new aircraft carriers such as the Queen Elizabeth, reducing their actual capabilities to the level of American landing ships or even lower.

In general, it must be said that the chances for the implementation of at least one of the above concepts are small. Europeans and Americans simply showed how separately taken technical solutions of the future can look like. It is impossible to exclude that one of them will be embodied on the submarine of the XXI century, which will appear, say, in 30 or 40. But certainly not now and not even in ten years.
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  1. ANCIENT
    ANCIENT 17 November 2018 08: 00
    +5
    someday they will open the secret archives of the USSR, and the world will be shocked by the fact that then our engineers and designers looked for decades ahead hi or now, silently, without endorsing such works, they will create a submarine of the 23rd century on the basis of those developments hi
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 17 November 2018 09: 05
      +3
      It’s just that there are no such works - they don’t advertise them, it’s not for you to hide rocket technologies.
      1. ANCIENT
        ANCIENT 17 November 2018 11: 47
        +4
        Vadim 237-such developments were carried out in the USSR in a negative manner, so to speak, and provided that they do not interfere with the main work. hi another thing is that all this can be either destroyed and taken away abroad, or further classified.
        1. Forestol
          Forestol 17 November 2018 13: 22
          +8
          exactly, as it was at KB Mil, after the sale of its American Bell, on the orders of Yeltsin. They took out all the documentation, dispersed everyone and ruined the enterprise. So much for the “investments” that our entire liberoid government is praying for and Kudrin, his mother, the ideologist of such “investments” today.
      2. Forestol
        Forestol 17 November 2018 13: 18
        +3
        You have not seen these works, so they are not. Just some kind of Hegelianism. The fleet has always been at the forefront of progress, as it is now, space and VKS. When the leadership of the Moscow Region Taburetkin’s leadership, Suddenly showed a “latest, unparalleled” military intelligence spacecraft, which turned out to be a model that we studied in Mozhaik in the last century ... So end with teenage maximalism, “there are many, friend Horatio, miracles, not having dreamed of our sages .. ”(s), Shakespeare, if Cho!
  2. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 17 November 2018 08: 16
    0
    The French in terms of design and engineering - venturers and innovators .... Objectively, the maximum exclusion of man (crew reduction) will reduce the size of the boat radically.
    1. The Siberian barber
      The Siberian barber 17 November 2018 16: 26
      +1
      705 project, in memory ..
      Automation level, still not surpassed, if not mistaken
    2. frog
      frog 17 November 2018 18: 20
      -2
      That was further reduced .... Both on Lyre and on Komsomolets. One was drowned in figs, with others also in operation the song was not sickly. Here are staffers, do not cut crews ....
  3. prodi
    prodi 17 November 2018 09: 09
    +1
    so what, a small displacement, a small crew, a body of non-metallic materials, a couple of installations for horizontal launch (optional Clubs)
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 17 November 2018 22: 11
      0
      I think that the future of our submarine fleet is small automatic ones or with a very small crew, with a couple of three delivery vehicles.
  4. san4es
    san4es 17 November 2018 09: 55
    +4
    One of the most unusual concepts of Euronaval 2012 was the ultra-small submarine SMX 26
  5. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 17 November 2018 10: 51
    0
    What increases the size of the submarine? - vertical shafts for missiles. If you let the ballist. and cruise missiles from torpedo tubes, the diameter of the hull will decrease dramatically. And missiles do not need to hold dozens.
    Some. And sneak closer to them from the depths.
  6. stalki
    stalki 17 November 2018 13: 55
    +1
    Beautiful "nautilus", our youth would be interested in such technologies. So, with the boys in childhood, we absorbed everything new or unusual from technology, like sponges, it was exciting. And now most of the guys, do not understand what they are doing.
    1. Ber
      Ber 21 November 2018 07: 34
      0
      Beautiful "nautilus", our youth would be interested in such technologies. So, with the boys in childhood, we absorbed everything new or unusual from technology, like sponges, it was exciting. And now most of the guys, do not understand what they are doing.


      +100 There were aircraft modeling circles in the USSR, and much more.
      At our labor lessons, there were any machine tools both for wood and metal.
      After school, they went to a Trudovik circle, which they just didn’t do, and they burned out plywood and chess, not only made of wood, but also metal (iron, bronze), and riveted arrowheads after films about Robin Hood)))).

      In the USSR, child and youth propaganda worked very competently.

      It is necessary after 15 years of engineers, with a narrow specialization, they made a couple of films, printed fiction, schoolchildren began to imitate, many later didn’t part with their childhood dreams, they entered the corresponding universities.
      It was necessary in the USSR to push young people into science, the same thing, among botanists for the magazine Knowledge of Power, they released an application in the direction of science fiction.
      And now? where will go lovers of toys about dragons, zombies and other dishonesty? Adult uncles and aunts have already formed the motivation of the younger generation, in the direction needed by the Fed mattress.

      In children, the dream needs to be formed from childhood, as it was in the USSR, then not only will there be 20 people per place in engineering universities, but self-taught inventors, like in the movie Genius, only now unfortunately is even worse than in the USSR with this, only to go abroad, and here thousands leave.
  7. Tektor
    Tektor 17 November 2018 23: 35
    +2
    Do not guess. Look at Poseidon, he's a status 6. The main direction: a decrease in tonnage, an increase in depth and speed. The development of electronic warfare and secrecy, such as an invisible cloak.
    1. Mikhail Matyugin
      Mikhail Matyugin 18 November 2018 06: 02
      +1
      Quote: Tektor
      The main direction: a decrease in tonnage, an increase in depth and speed. The development of electronic warfare and secrecy, such as an invisible cloak.

      Wow, just what our submarines lacked was a reduction in noise and stealth.
  8. av58
    av58 18 November 2018 13: 12
    +1
    "Scat" looks cute.
  9. Comrade Kim
    Comrade Kim 19 November 2018 01: 07
    0
    Quote: Forestol
    exactly, as it was at KB Mil, after the sale of its American Bell, on the orders of Yeltsin. They took out all the documentation, dispersed everyone and ruined the enterprise. So much for the “investments” that our entire liberoid government is praying for and Kudrin, his mother, the ideologist of such “investments” today.

    Kudrintsy are not asleep even today, recently in Moscow their Sabbath was held: