Military Review

US intensified military operations in Somalia

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According to official information from a Pentagon spokesperson broadcast by CBS News, the US military stepped up air strikes against jihadists stationed in Somalia.


The first (mainly reconnaissance) flights of airplanes and UAVs began three weeks ago, in early October. This was followed by individual pinpoint strikes, mainly on identified headquarters and fixed meeting places for the leaders of jihadist groups, mainly from among Al-Shaba and Al-Qaida (the latter is banned in the Russian Federation). These two terrorist communities are considered the most dangerous among a dozen such organizations based in East Africa.


Jihadists from the Al-Shabab group


And if an organization such as Al-Qaida is widely known, then Harakat Al-Shabab (for some reason, probably because of its geographical remoteness, which is not considered terrorist and not prohibited in the Russian Federation) is not widely known. that this is one of the most dangerous jihadist associations in Somalia. The name of this group itself - “Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahiddin” (“HSM” - “HSM”) can be translated from Arabic as “Youth Mojahedin Movement” (variant - “Hizb ul Shabab” - “Islamic Youth Party”).

Its activities are completely banned in about ten countries where the HCM is declared a terrorist organization (predominantly the states of the Anglo-Saxon world), and in several other countries the activity of this structure is partially prohibited.

This organization is formed in 2004-2006. young militants from the Somali Union of Islamic Courts. Having absorbed a significant part of the most radical elements of the region, Al-Shabab led an aggressive struggle against other jihadist groups in Somalia, as well as against the forces of the Provisional Federal Government, its allies represented by the Ethiopian security forces and US forces in the region.


The control map of the regions of Somalia by various forces as of 2017 year.


In 2009-2011 The militants of this group achieved great success and began to control significant territories. After a series of defeats, their combat capabilities declined, which led to the fall of their “capital” - the city of Kismayo in September 2012. Since that time, their center has moved to the city of Barava, but this settlement was also freed from jihadists in October 2014. In recent years, the forces of this group have been dispersed among several bases along the coast of Somalia.

As of 2017-2018. Al-Shabab forces are estimated at about 7000-9000 armed militants, up to 70-80% of whom are less than 16-18 years old.

Over the past few months, the US Air Force delivered all 24 air strikes across Somalia, including with the help of drone drone. Moreover, according to the press secretary of the Pentagon, all of them were produced with permission and in agreement with the "federal authorities" of Somalia.

According to the official statement of the American command, the strikes were so accurate that their victims were not a single civilian who was not involved in terrorist activities.

US intensified military operations in Somalia

"Branch heavy weapons"from among the militants of the Al-Shabab group."


One of the most successful US air strikes in Somalia is currently considered to be an air operation conducted on 12 in October 2018 by two drone UAVs, as a result of which the HSM fighter training camp was covered with a missile strike. In total, at least 75 jihadists, most of whom were preparing for a raid on central Somalia, became victims of an American air strike that time.

Recall that in October 2018, the mournful anniversary of the most deadly assault by Al-Shabab militants, the bombing of a truck with explosives on the market in Mogadishu, which killed at least 512 people, wounded three hundred, is celebrated.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 22 October 2018 16: 22
    0
    As of 2017-2018. Al-Shabab forces are estimated at about 7000-9000 armed militants, up to 70-80% of whom are less than 16-18 years old.
    ... And someone finances them, they live not just robbery ...
    1. solzh
      solzh 22 October 2018 17: 19
      -1
      Quote: parusnik
      As of 2017-2018. Al-Shabab forces are estimated at about 7000-9000 armed militants, up to 70-80% of whom are less than 16-18 years old.
      ... And someone finances them, they live not just robbery ...

      Most likely Soros, as well as those who finance the program of the so-called "controlled chaos".
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 22 October 2018 17: 27
        +1
        Quote: solzh
        Quote: parusnik
        As of 2017-2018. Al-Shabab forces are estimated at about 7000-9000 armed militants, up to 70-80% of whom are less than 16-18 years old.
        ... And someone finances them, they live not just robbery ...

        Most likely Soros, as well as those who finance the program of the so-called "controlled chaos".

        They didn’t fall on Soros. At least at this stage. Such Al-Shabaabs, as a rule, are flooded monarchies and Saudans. Sometimes, if it becomes interesting to any Iran, then it may well outbid them. As was the case with Hamas - the Emirates-Sauds, the re-purchase by Iran, then the re-purchase by Qatar.
        1. Warrior2015
          23 October 2018 13: 56
          +1
          Quote: Krasnodar
          Soros, they did not fall in FIG. At least at this stage. Such Al-Shababs, as a rule, are flooded with monarchies and Saudies.
          I completely agree. Comrade Soros and others only know how to bend stock exchanges (well, if you like, "play" on them), they usually do not fiddle with "real policy of action", and only build their financial strategies on information.

          Quote: Krasnodar
          Sometimes, if it becomes interesting to any Iran, then it may well outbid them. As it was with Hamas - Emirates-Saud, outbid by Iran, then outbid by Qatar
          I disagree a little: the same Iran was originally at the origins of "Hamas", just these guys-Hamas, despite the fact that Shiites, took money from both Shiites from Iran and from the Orthodox from Saudi and the UAE. It's just that recently Iran has very serious financial problems passed into the stage of economic collapse, so it “ceded” support to Hamas (and, accordingly, influence on this group) - to Qatar.
  2. Anton Capucin
    Anton Capucin 22 October 2018 18: 49
    +1
    Apparently they lost their hands and knocked them down. And so it is necessary to drive these citizens into the forests and deal with the rest. Entrance to the Red Sea after all, but here armed youngsters with boats and extremely unfriendly looks. The United States then rocked the boat and could not control it properly. So it turns out several enclaves of armed bandits. And young people are driven into the head that they fight for a just cause, feed, drink, olevate, give money, and finally arm it. I’m just sure they are told that right now we’ll expel everyone who’s not with us and live. Familiar situation. The inhabitants simply do not have any alternatives, only to be beaten to someone.
    1. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 22 October 2018 20: 47
      0
      Quote: Anton Capucin
      Apparently they lost their hands and knocked them down. And so it is necessary to drive these citizens into the forests and deal with the rest. Entrance to the Red Sea after all, but here armed youngsters with boats and extremely unfriendly looks. The United States then rocked the boat and could not control it properly. So it turns out several enclaves of armed bandits.
      Something like this. Opposite Somalia, is Yemen with the Hussites
      who also do not allow the Saud and the Americans to establish full control over the neck of the Red Sea.
      1. Warrior2015
        23 October 2018 13: 50
        +1
        Quote: Nyrobsky
        Opposite Somalia, there is Yemen with Hussites
        who also do not allow the Saud and the Americans to establish full control over the neck of the Red Sea.

        Dear Dmitry, I disagree with you. The fact is that the Somali "al-shababs" are Sunnis, and a group with a similar name among the Yemenis is the "Shiite youth". Therefore, even the United States does not speak about the "hand of Iran" for financing Somali jihadists (whereas in Yemen, yes).
    2. Warrior2015
      23 October 2018 13: 59
      +1
      Quote: Anton Capucin
      From the hands apparently they strayed them and felled them. And so it is necessary to drive these citizens into the woods and deal with the rest.

      Well, lately they have already been sitting in the forests, hence the problem that there is no center and a single area of ​​concentration already. They, being one of the main "thugs" in the region, have never obeyed anyone by and large, such "free land pirates" with the frostbitten views of ultra-jihadists. By the way, the guys are very bloody, young people, and even from blacks - they have a different perception of both the prices of human life, and the prices of spilled blood ... I would say that 25 airstrikes in several months without serious ground "sweeps" is just a shame with sides of the United States and sheer profanation - a show of the fight against terrorists.
  3. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 26 October 2018 13: 10
    0
    They are funded by piracy. And the Americans needed it as material for American heroism. Urgent need to affirm the true feat - to defeat the hydra of terrorism. Since Americans either cooperate with real terrorists or create them themselves, the struggle turns out to be non-kinogenic. And here is such material! A man of three hundred (a figure much closer to reality) with rusty machine guns, a couple of dozen boats and stolen RPGs of the seventy-forgotten year of release - that's what you need!
    Soon, thousands of tons of bombs and missiles will be dumped in Somalia, at the same time they will level half the country, kill most of the peaceful population remaining there and, perhaps, about fifty of these bandits. The rest will scatter quietly, and the most important thing will begin! Interview. Photoshoot. Soulful films. Reports "from the combat zone". Well, stuff like that. Ugh...