Military Review

"Meteors" and "Rockets" will return to the rivers of Russia

60
By 2021, the first high-speed hydrofoil ship (SPK) of the new generation will appear on the water expanses of Russia. At the same time, different models of such ships will be created separately for lake-river, sea and ocean routes. This was told in a recent interview with Sergei Italians, general director of the TsKB them. R.E. Alekseeva.


The main advantage of the SEC over any other craft is speed: the hydrofoil vessel rises above the surface of the water, significantly reducing the friction of the bottom of the ship on its surface, which allows the SEC to speed 3-4 more times than any other representative of the water transport. At the same time, marine and oceanic SECs, known as the “Cyclone”, will be more resistant to sea rolling than ordinary cruise liners.



At the moment, the only representative of domestic fleet SEC on the Russian rivers and reservoirs remained the legendary Meteors. But their operational resource is practically exhausted, and these machines are outdated both from a technical point of view and from the standpoint of comfortable movement on such a water vehicle.

Today, Alekseev Central Design Bureau specialists are developing a replacement for Meteora. On river routes up to four hundred kilometers long, these will be high-speed boats with the design name Valdai-45Р, and on long-haul routes up to six hundred kilometers they will be the same name for the Meteor V2 SEC. The latter will be able to overcome long distances in water, for example, the Volga distance between Nizhny Novgorod and Ulyanovsk, and in the future, between Nizhny and Saratov, and Volgograd. It is assumed that the "Meteors" of the new generation will rip the water surface, not only of the Volga-Mother, but of the major rivers and lakes in the north-west of the country, in the Trans-Urals and Primorye.

Marine SPK will be high-speed vessels of the project “Comet 120M”. The lead ship of this project was launched and put into operation on the Black Sea this summer. By next year two more ships of this class will be completed. These works are carried out in the framework of the revival of the Russian fleet of ships on hydrofoils, which will be engaged in the carriage of passengers on domestic short-haul flights, and will also serve passenger traffic on sea and ocean routes both domestically and abroad.

Ocean Cyclones will be more capacious and more powerful than river “Rocket” twice: they will take up to three hundred passengers on board and cover distances of about seven hundred miles. At the same time, all new SECs will be equipped with two M70FRU gas turbine engines, the latest power plants of the latest generation. Naturally, the salons of the new Russian ships will be projected and equipped according to the latest design word of world shipbuilding with the use of composite materials and the use of comfortable aviation-type seats, ship air-conditioning system, wireless network and other modern technological innovations.

Moreover, a unique retractable front wing system will be developed for river SECs in order to enable these boats to freely approach the shore, which is not equipped with berths or floating landing stages. Such a system is planned to be installed on a test sample already next year, in order for 2020-2021. It was possible to mass-produce models with fixed and splitting hydrofoils.
Author:
Photos used:
ckbspk.ru
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  1. Vard
    Vard 20 October 2018 05: 01
    +10
    I don’t know what it’s called, but in Samara, obviously, a new large hydrofoil ship is sailing in Tolyatti ... Next year, God forbid, I’ll survive ... I want a little ride ...
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 20 October 2018 08: 07
      +2
      "Sunrise" has been running for a long time, from Samara to Tolyatti, with a call to Shiryaevo, Zolnoe, this year they let it go to Vinnovka, went to Syzran, but this one was canceled. Next year it will probably be allowed to Khvalynsk, this is the Saratov region.
    2. Megatron
      Megatron 20 October 2018 11: 00
      +3
      With such prices for fuels and lubricants - it will be unprofitable.
      1. dauria
        dauria 20 October 2018 12: 38
        +3
        With such prices for fuels and lubricants - it will be unprofitable


        On the Volga, we practically died. But they were built right there, in Gorky. The reason is their cars. Easier, more convenient. And for the sake of "children to ride" on the day off, no one will support. Yes, and corporate drunkenness is carried out on medium low-speed troughs from the pier to the bridge for a couple of kilometers, they will stand up and back.
      2. bober1982
        bober1982 20 October 2018 14: 11
        +4
        This transport is not commercial, as well as the metro - it’s also not profitable, City, region pays extra. The grabbers can rest.
        1. Imobile
          Imobile 22 October 2018 12: 01
          -1
          Quote: bober1982
          This transport is not commercial, as well as the metro - it’s also not profitable, City, region pays extra. The grabbers can rest.

          The metro is so unprofitable that grabbers can rest in the Maldives or other places not so distant
  2. BVS
    BVS 20 October 2018 05: 43
    +9
    There is a question on fuel efficiency, and as a consequence, the cost of tickets. How would the price of tickets compare with AEROFLOT.
    1. KCA
      KCA 20 October 2018 09: 07
      +2
      So now they put MTU diesel on them, everything is normal with fuel consumption
      1. BVS
        BVS 20 October 2018 09: 46
        -1
        diesel or gasoline, because anyway, the price of fuel is the same. But there are other parameters as well, the author of the article does not indicate them. In addition, the project developer does not say anything about MTU diesels, because they are German and the question of their purchase is doubtful (sanctions). Its not such diesels, Chinese fakes are not reliable. In sum - so far only plans for the price of the ticket.
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 20 October 2018 11: 07
          +16
          Quote: bvs
          0
          diesel or gasoline, because anyway, the price of fuel is the same. But there are other parameters as well, the author of the article does not indicate them. In addition, the project developer does not say anything about MTU diesels, because they are German and the question of their purchase is doubtful (sanctions). Its not such diesels, Chinese fakes are not reliable. In sum - so far only plans for the price of the ticket.

          But you just need to read the ARTICLE, where the author indicates the engines of the SEC:
          all new SPK will be equipped two gas turbine engines M70FRU, the latest power plants of the latest generation.

          It Russian Rybinsk engines NPO SATURN
          1. KCA
            KCA 20 October 2018 13: 46
            +1
            You can announce anything, but there are MTUs on the "Comet 120M", in 5 years, perhaps, "Saturn" will catch up, but the SEC market will already be filled and closed
  3. Fitter65
    Fitter65 20 October 2018 05: 53
    +3
    At the same time, it is assumed that the new-generation Meteors will rip up the water surface not only of the Volga Mother, but of large rivers and lakes in the north-west of the country, in the Trans-Urals and Primorye.

    And what are these large rivers and lakes of Primorye? Ussuri and Hanko. And what major cities, well, or simply cities, are on the banks of these reservoirs?
    1. alexvdv78
      alexvdv78 20 October 2018 06: 15
      +9
      Well, the author apparently confused Primorye with Amur. For him, this is apparently the same thing. Meteors from us went from Khabarovsk to Nikolaevsk, now from Komsomolsk to Nikolaevsk. Ts
      1. volodimer
        volodimer 20 October 2018 09: 11
        +5
        No, it’s just so incomprehensible everything is written, it meant the sea traffic, which was previously provided by the SEC "Kometa" in the Primorsky Territory of Vladivostok-Nakhodka, Vladivostok-Slavyanka.
        The news is mixed in a bunch of sea and river SECs, the sea has already received a new thing "comet 120 m" on the Black Sea, but river ones are still waiting for "Valdai 45"
      2. Fitter65
        Fitter65 20 October 2018 09: 38
        +2
        Quote: alexvdv78
        Meteors from us went from Khabarovsk to Nikolaevsk, now from Komsomolsk to Nikolaevsk.

        So, in addition to meteors, there were also a lot of motor ships, and now, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, only the outer shell remained from the river terminal. Yes, now a barge or what dry cargo ship on the Amur is a problem to see ...
  4. faiver
    faiver 20 October 2018 06: 27
    +8
    we have on Lena old meteors, rockets and sunrises are still running ...
    1. igordok
      igordok 20 October 2018 10: 55
      +6
      We once had "Rocket", "Zarya" and "Zarnitsa". During the Soviet era in Tartu. After "perestroika", only to the islands of the Pskov Lake. And now this is not. The islanders themselves have to find a connection with the "mainland".

      1. faiver
        faiver 20 October 2018 11: 33
        +2
        such are also still alive
  5. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 20 October 2018 06: 56
    0
    Good news. Beautiful design of the vessel. If the ticket price is affordable for local residents, the system will work.
  6. Gardamir
    Gardamir 20 October 2018 07: 48
    +10
    And yet, if the minuses for the articles were returned, the administration would be more attentive to these "messages from the future." One should be proud of what is, and not of what may be. someday, probably will be.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 20 October 2018 08: 14
    +3
    Previously, the Meteor walked around the Kuban, along the mouth and to Kerch, directly to the city center. If you start today, only from the port, but public transport goes badly. The mouth of the river is shallow, it has drifted with sediment.
    1. Unemployed
      Unemployed 21 October 2018 07: 26
      +2
      Was it during Soviet times? The mouth can be cleaned. But it's not profitable. "Effective managers". Himself from Rostov to Bagaevka on "Meteor" drove to the dacha. Then Borya the drunk sold everything to Turkey.
  8. ANCIENT
    ANCIENT 20 October 2018 08: 15
    -2
    the author, why did you indicate the distance in miles, not kilometers negative we are not a British colony am We are nicer than miles and kilometers hi I think that even domestic flights will make prices commerce, and thereby bury a good idea in the bud negative
    1. Igor V
      Igor V 20 October 2018 12: 28
      +11
      River distances are in kilometers, sea distances are in miles. What's wrong?
  9. Observer2014
    Observer2014 20 October 2018 08: 25
    +3
    "Meteors" and "Rockets" will return to the rivers of Russia
    That's when they will go in large numbers. That's when we'll talk! In the meantime, the price of solarium will be raised. And you will be "returned" Aha. Wait.
    1. KLV2018
      KLV2018 20 October 2018 09: 14
      +5
      Quote: Observer2014
      "Meteors" and "Rockets" will return to the rivers of Russia
      That's when they will go in large numbers. That's when we'll talk! In the meantime, the price of solarium will be raised. And you will be "returned" Aha. Wait.

      Sevastopol - Yalta. The comet was launched in August.
      Tickets, only in advance, for two weeks. I wanted to ride the guests, but alas.
      The price is 500 rubles. 100 kilometers approximately.
      They promise to launch it next year before Sochi.
      1. Observer2014
        Observer2014 20 October 2018 09: 17
        +4
        KLV2018 (Kirill)
        They promise to launch it next year before Sochi.
        We are only FOR !!! Hello from Sochi drinks
        1. KLV2018
          KLV2018 20 October 2018 09: 20
          0
          Quote: Observer2014
          KLV2018 (Kirill)
          They promise to launch it next year before Sochi.
          We are only FOR !!! Hello from Sochi drinks

          and hello to you. smile
          I often ride through Sochi to Abkhazia.
      2. ghby
        ghby 20 October 2018 10: 34
        +7

        actually the video of the comet.
        1. pafegosoff
          pafegosoff 20 October 2018 11: 06
          +3
          Of course, Alekseev would be pleased to see. But read how he died and why ...
          Glory to the Soviet Union!
      3. Olgovich
        Olgovich 20 October 2018 11: 15
        +5
        Quote: KLV2018
        The price is 500 rubles. 100 kilometers about.

        It's free!
  10. prior
    prior 20 October 2018 09: 13
    +11
    For the first time I saw a GAZ-24 Volga in a station wagon in a provincial district city. For a long time I walked around, licked my lips, admired, proud. At first I could not even believe that this was a Soviet car.
    I want to say this that in the Soviet Union, equipment and weapons first got on the conveyor and appeared in the troops, and only then did the people find out that we had MIG 29, SU 27, an aircraft carrier or a submarine.
    But now for 10 years they are announcing the SU-57, Armata, the aircraft carrier Shtorm, MS-21 and further on the list, and at the exit zilch, single prototypes.
    Conclusions suggest themselves.
    1. pafegosoff
      pafegosoff 20 October 2018 11: 04
      +1
      GAZ-24 (Ford Pinto?)
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 20 October 2018 11: 24
      0
      Quote: prior
      For the first time I saw a GAZ-24 Volga in a station wagon in a provincial district city. For a long time I walked around, licked my lips, admired, proud. At first I could not even believe that this was a Soviet car.

      .
      Quote: prior
      I want to say by this that in the Soviet Union, equipment and weapons first got on the conveyor and appeared in the troops, and only then did the people recognize.

      I found out, yes, that the GAZ-24 in the station wagon body remained
      Quote: prior
      output zilch, single copies.
    3. Unemployed
      Unemployed 21 October 2018 08: 05
      +1
      I was very little. 10 years old. Father asked me to go with him, because he could not be alone. For the "Volga" from Karaganda to Alma-Ata went. How we drove - the book can be written. But we got there. Otherwise, you would not have seen this message.
  11. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 20 October 2018 09: 40
    -2
    The geographical position of the Russian Federation does not allow the use of these beautiful ships year-round. In winter. during the freezing of rivers and ponds, it might be possible to use hovercraft or small ekranoplanes.
  12. igorlvov
    igorlvov 20 October 2018 10: 59
    +3
    Comet Sevastopol - Yalta
    Business class - 800 rubles;
    Economy class - 500 rubles;
    Children (up to 14 years old) - 200 rubles;
    Children (up to 2 years old) - free of charge.
    often comes to Yalta, and back shish, excitement at sea and you go back on the bus
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 20 October 2018 14: 19
      +2
      Quote: igorlvov
      excitement at sea and you ride the bus back
      Reply

      All hydrofoil vessels are unstable to such unrest, and for safety reasons they can also be canceled.
  13. vindigo
    vindigo 20 October 2018 11: 02
    +8
    They say a ticket Novorossiysk-Sochi will cost 500 p. It is 2 times cheaper than driving your car. And it will not be exhausting like a 5-hour serpentine ride.
  14. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 20 October 2018 11: 03
    +7
    Y-yes ... Alekseeva was not allowed into his native CB.
    First you need to crap a person, and then use his intellectual property.
    1. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 20 October 2018 12: 02
      +6
      Quote: pafegosoff
      Y-yes ... Alekseeva was not allowed into his native CB.
      First you need to crap a person, and then use his intellectual property.

      Even the Bible seems to say that "there is no prophet in his own country" (and during his lifetime)
  15. Conductor
    Conductor 20 October 2018 11: 43
    +1
    Good news, but that’s what the prices will be. and whether it will be launched at all.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 20 October 2018 14: 22
      +1
      You arrive at the Samara river station in advance - all tickets are sold. Normal.
  16. Conductor
    Conductor 20 October 2018 11: 52
    0
    People from Vladik, do you really need this bridge to Russky Island?
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 20 October 2018 11: 57
      -2
      Quote: Conductor
      People from Vladik, do you really need this bridge to Russky Island?

      Judge for yourself, here’s a video of the bridge trip [media = https: //youtu.be/0_XvcXLVx9A]
  17. Silver Fox
    Silver Fox 20 October 2018 14: 28
    +6
    I used to go to the village on the Meteor once a week on the Volga;) I liked the rockets more there was a platform at the end (you could go out into the fresh air) I came to the pier in the village and did not look at the clock! Now buses do not go like they did before!
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 20 October 2018 15: 16
      +2
      Quote: Silver Fox
      I used to go to the village on the Meteor once a week on the Volga;) I came to the pier in the village and did not look at the clock! Now buses do not go like they did before!

      "Ett for sure"!. (C)
      On the "Moscow Channel", residents of the surrounding settlements used "Rockets" as a "bus" to get us to work in the capital, or vice versa "to the dacha" from Moscow. With buses (mid-late 70s) it was "not good".
      1. alstr
        alstr 21 October 2018 08: 47
        +1
        I must also add that the roads were bad. Not only were there none. So they were often not very good.
        Therefore, often only water transport was a connecting link for many villages. (Remember the many films when he left or arrived in the village)
  18. Yun Klob
    Yun Klob 20 October 2018 15: 50
    +6
    I liked the Rockets more.
  19. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 20 October 2018 17: 01
    0
    It's time, otherwise everything is already out of date ..
  20. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 20 October 2018 17: 03
    +2
    Quote: pafegosoff
    Y-yes ... Alekseeva was not allowed into his native CB.
    First you need to crap a person, and then use his intellectual property.

    After his death, destroyed his entire archive in the KB .... What is it? Stupidity? Or jealousy of a genius?
    1. Unemployed
      Unemployed 21 October 2018 08: 29
      0
      The answer is obvious.
  21. iaroslav.mudryi
    iaroslav.mudryi 20 October 2018 19: 06
    0
    Products of JSC "Central Design Bureau for Hydrofoils named after R.E. Alekseev"
    source: http://www.ckbspk.ru/products/suda-na-podvodnyih-kryilyah/

    Project 23160 SPK "Kometa 120M" - among the novelties of the exhibition "Africa Aerospace & Defense"
    http://www.ckbspk.ru/news/95/

    "The Ministry of Industry and Trade will support the development and construction of a prototype of the high-speed hydrofoil vessel (SPK) Cyclone with 300 seats," the head of the ministry Denis Manturov said on September 8.
    According to the minister, a new high-speed hydrofoil vessel "Cyclone" can be created for routes in the Far East and Kaliningrad. The corresponding agreement was reached with JSC "Central Design Bureau for SEC named after R.E. Alekseev" (Central Design Bureau for SEC). "

    https://tass.ru/ekonomika/5539685
  22. rocket757
    rocket757 20 October 2018 20: 00
    -2
    The picture is bright! What does she remind me of? Oh Dragon Wagon!
    I would like to wait and see.
  23. 16112014nk
    16112014nk 20 October 2018 21: 45
    0
    There was a case - in the "Dawn" and "Rocket" rode in due time. Between the regional cities on the Volga, that's the thing!
  24. Hole puncher
    Hole puncher 21 October 2018 03: 05
    +2
    Everything is so beautifully painted .... That's just the price of fuel and lubricants clearly put an end to the river transport for sure ...
  25. KrolikZanuda
    KrolikZanuda 22 October 2018 09: 20
    +1
    All this is good, but with such ticket prices it will not take off. For the intercity still there, here, but for the suburbs it is expensive. As an example, last year the Sunrises between Togliatti and Samara were launched, 72 km - 500 rubles. There are three stops along the way, 20, 36 and 59 km. The price is 400 rubles. Accordingly, the SEC go half empty.
  26. Alexander X
    Alexander X 22 October 2018 12: 33
    +1
    It’s great if these beautiful ships come on the line. But a lot of time passes from plans to implementation ....
  27. Blue fox
    Blue fox 22 October 2018 14: 29
    +2
    Communicated with the peasants ex-river workers from Petrozavodsk. From there, the Comets go to the notorious Kizhi, for example. So, the ticket price is more than 2 sput., Motor ships built in the 500-70s of the last century run, which only by a miracle (aha, of course) are certified by the Register. Engines are not native for a long time, but Swedish Volvo, much more economical. and so, such a ship crumbling from old age can be bought for 80-17 million rubles. It would seem, than this old thing, it is better to buy a new one! And the people, inspired by the first TV channel, contacted Rybinsk in order to find out how much this joy costs. So ... 18 million euros = 4 million rubles. and this is in the poorest configuration, to which you still need to add navigation and communication, and most importantly ... gas turbine engines are installed. Why am I? Yes, everything is simple, no "simple mortal" passenger carrier company, with the exception of the daughters of oligarchic concerns, will not be able to afford to purchase such a ship in the current realities.
  28. cucun
    cucun 24 October 2018 04: 36
    0
    He rode on the new Comet. Not bad.