Military Review

Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. Forever 18-year-old

58
95 years ago - 13 September 1923 of the year - in the town of Osino-Guy in Tambov, Zoya was born. Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. A true symbol of resilience and resistance, courage and readiness for self-sacrifice. Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya - the first woman awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.


Being abandoned as part of a sabotage group to the rear of the enemy, 18-year-old Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya participated in the operation to destroy the property of the Nazis. So, she carried out the arson of one of the houses in which the occupants were spending the night at the time. In the same house was a German communications center.

Liberal propaganda claims that the two other houses in the village of Petrishchevo, which belonged to the local residents and were set on fire with the participation of Zoya, were not used by the Nazis. However, the testimony of the local residents themselves suggests that the Germans constantly moved into their homes, moving along the roads outside the village.

Captured Zoe proved to be a real hero. Her speech, which witnesses of those dramatic events of the last days of November 1941 bring, made an indelible impression on the inhabitants of the occupied territories. Zoya, who went through torture and faced a gallows, called on compatriots to fight the Nazis.

From the testimony - speech Zoe:
No matter how you hang us, do not hang all, we 170 millions. But for me, our comrades will avenge you!


The body of Zoe Nazi executioners did not remove from the gallows for about a month. Already in January 1942, after numerous abuses, an order was given for burial. Local residents dug a grave for Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya outside the village of Petrishchevo.

Subsequently, Zoe was reburied - her ashes rest in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery. Her monuments and streets named after her are all over Russia.

Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. Forever 18-year-old


One of the monuments is at the Partizanskaya metro station in the Russian capital.
58 comments
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  1. Alone
    Alone 13 September 2018 07: 48
    +21
    Heroic Soviet girl.
    1. bouncyhunter
      bouncyhunter 13 September 2018 08: 02
      +19
      In spite of the liberal and Western spiteful critics, we remember the exploits of the Soviet people.
      1. Serge Gorely
        Serge Gorely 13 September 2018 08: 38
        +3
        Quote: bouncyhunter
        In spite of the liberal and Western spiteful critics, we remember the exploits of the Soviet people.

        For interest, I asked around teenagers - name at least one pioneer - Hero of the Patriotic times ... Silence. What is the Young Guard? "Probably a new band?"
        1. bouncyhunter
          bouncyhunter 13 September 2018 08: 43
          +3
          I meant people born and raised in the USSR.
          1. Serge Gorely
            Serge Gorely 13 September 2018 08: 45
            +8
            Yes, we remember. But we are not eternal. What will happen in 20 years?
            1. bouncyhunter
              bouncyhunter 13 September 2018 08: 49
              +1
              Quote: Serge Gorely
              What will happen in 20 years?

              Hard to tell . The future is not a monolith. It is not predetermined ...
            2. Andrey VOV
              Andrey VOV 13 September 2018 08: 50
              +5
              It depends on us how we raise our children, let them know what our fathers and children have invested in us.
              1. Avior
                Avior 13 September 2018 09: 22
                -19
                Do you want your child to take up arms and go to war in the event of hostilities?
                The UN Convention is actually relevant
                1. Serge Gorely
                  Serge Gorely 13 September 2018 09: 25
                  +16
                  Quote: Avior
                  Do you want your child to take up arms and go to war in the event of hostilities?
                  The UN Convention is actually relevant

                  What is this said? Like in the event of a total war, does the enemy have to show a volume with UN declarations, and the enemy will cry and leave?
                2. Dashout
                  Dashout 13 September 2018 09: 41
                  +6
                  Quote: Avior
                  Do you want your child to take up arms and go to war in the event of hostilities?
                  The UN Convention is actually relevant

                  Do you want to sit behind someone else's backs?
                  1. Avior
                    Avior 13 September 2018 13: 50
                    -3
                    Do you want to sit behind your child?
                    This is the parents of the children should protect, and not vice versa
                    1. Nikolay Fedorov
                      Nikolay Fedorov 13 September 2018 14: 59
                      +1
                      Quote: Avior
                      Do you want to sit behind your child?
                      This is the parents of the children should protect, and not vice versa

                      You probably have always taught your child that he (the child) will always be protected by the state and his parents, and he (the child) should take the position of the embryo when attacking him (this is safer). And after the end of the attack, the main thing is to write a statement correctly and file a lawsuit.
                3. Dashout
                  Dashout 13 September 2018 09: 43
                  +8
                  Quote: Avior
                  Soviet myths only partially coincide with reality

                  ideological traitor
                4. Nikolay Fedorov
                  Nikolay Fedorov 13 September 2018 14: 37
                  +2
                  Quote: Avior
                  Do you want your child to take up arms and go to war in the event of hostilities?
                  The UN Convention is actually relevant

                  When France, as part of NATO, becomes a member of the aggression against Russia, and your child is drafted into the army, you must go to court and attach this UN Convention to your case. The convention will help you. Your child should not fight for France. He owes nothing to anyone at all. Everyone owes him.
                5. reservist
                  reservist 13 September 2018 19: 42
                  0
                  Quote: Avior
                  The UN Convention is actually relevant

                  in 1941, the UN wasn’t in sight ...
                  Probably you should not try to judge by the current standards of people who lived several generations before us ...
                  the future chieftain, and at 16, Yesaul Platov commanded a hundred ... contrary to the UN convention ...
        2. Ros 56
          Ros 56 13 September 2018 10: 14
          +6
          Ten years ago I had the pleasure to see on TV how correspondents conducted a survey of graduates and freshmen in Moscow. They asked one question - who is Lenin, my hair stood on end, what nonsense they didn’t carry, in the end, only 10 percent, maximum 15 percent answered correctly. And you ask them about Marat Kazey or Valya Kotik. I wonder if they know in Kerch who Volodya Dubinin is? There is even a film about him, "Younger Son Street" is called if my memory serves.
  2. Opera
    Opera 13 September 2018 07: 52
    +10
    Such simple Russian people glorify our land! This is Russia's greatest asset defining its greatness!
    Well, liberal propaganda ... It's just envious - haters! Because of their cowardice and inferiority, they cannot even imagine how this young girl did not fall to her knees and did not pray for mercy in the face of death. They hate Russia and the Russian souls of people only because they, by their very existence and example, show the worthlessness of spiteful critics!
  3. bessmertniy
    bessmertniy 13 September 2018 08: 05
    +5
    Our victories are basically based on ordinary people who go on a feat. On the feat of Zoe brought up more than one post-war generation. Therefore, her example is always in the arsenal of our people.
  4. Avior
    Avior 13 September 2018 08: 08
    -15
    The owners of the house that she set fire to, then shot by ours.
    They were unhappy with the arson of their property.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 September 2018 08: 22
      +2
      Quote: Avior
      The owners of the house that she set fire to, then shot by ours.
      They were unhappy with the arson of their property.

      As far as I remember, Zoe set fire to the stable.
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 September 2018 09: 03
        -10
        Soviet myths only partially coincide with reality
        The assignment for the group was simple -
        “Burn 10 settlements (Comrade Stalin’s order of November 17, 1941): Anashkino, Gribtsovo, Petrishchevo, Usadkovo, Ilyatino, Grachev, Pushkino, Mikhailovskoye, Bugailovo, Korovin. Deadline - 5-7 days "

        I mean the order
        Order of the Supreme High Command Headquarters dated November 17.11.1941, 428 No. XNUMX
        The rate of the High Command ORDERS:

        1. Destroy and burn to the ground all settlements in the rear of German troops at a distance of 40-60 km in depth from the front line and 20-30 km to the right and left of the roads.

        For the destruction of populated areas in the specified radius of action, immediately throw in aircraft, make extensive use of artillery and mortar fire, reconnaissance teams, skiers and guerrilla sabotage groups equipped with incendiary bottles, grenades and blasting agents.

        2. In each regiment, create teams of hunters of 20-30 people each for the explosion and burning of settlements ...

        3. In the event of the forced departure of our units in one or another section, the Soviet population should be taken with them and it is imperative to destroy all settlements without exception ...

        4. The military Soviets of the fronts and individual armies systematically check how tasks are carried out for the destruction of populated areas in the radius specified above from the front line. Bet every 3 of the day a separate summary to inform how many and which localities destroyed over the past days and by what means achieved these results.

        Supreme Command Headquarters
        I. STALIN
        B. SHAPOSHNIKOV

        I note that although the Stavka’s order stated that there were no Soviet people in these villages, the Kosmodemyanskaya case clearly illustrates Stalin’s lies.
        On November 27 at 2 a.m. Boris Krainov, Vasily Klubkov and Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya set fire to three houses in Petrishchev (residents of Karelova, Solntseva and Smirnova)

        I note that all of them were without insignia and documents, and it was impossible to guess who the arsonists were by their appearance, she herself did not recognize herself as a military man. To the peasants, she looked crazy, setting fire to their homes.
        After these arsons, the Germans in the village organized local residents who began to monitor the attempts of arson.
        One of the locals, Sviridov, caught her for setting fire to his barn - he was then shot. By the way, the Komsomol group Klubkov, when he returned to his own, accused the relevant authorities of the fact that it was he who surrendered the Kosmodemyanskaya to the Germans, and in general he was a German spy, and he was also shot in 1942.
        Later, others who were dissatisfied with the arsons of their homes were also shot, for example, vile collaborators A.V. Smirnov and F.V. Solin were also shot.
    2. semenoffdima
      semenoffdima 13 September 2018 08: 53
      +5
      Can you link to the source of such information? Desirable - interrogation protocols, a court or tribunal decision? Or at least a written order from some military commander? Well, to the extreme - the act of writing off the ammunition spent on "shooting the disgruntled"?
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 September 2018 09: 18
        0
        for God's sake.
        World History, No. 1, 2003.
        Article ZOYA KOSMODEMYANSKAYA (1923-1941), author M. Gorinov

        Gorinov Mikhail Mikhailovich, candidate of historical sciences,
        deputy Director of the Center for Scientific Use and Publication
        archival fund of the "Mosgorarkhiv" association.
        1. Dashout
          Dashout 13 September 2018 09: 45
          +3
          Quote: Avior
          Gorinov Mikhail Mikhailovich

          What can I say ... the fifth column has grown and gained strength
      2. sledak
        sledak 13 September 2018 09: 40
        +2
        Dmitry, your request may not be feasible because these documents may still be classified as classified. If so, then the author will probably be able to satisfy your request after you can verify that you have the appropriate form of admission. If it is not, then you can read on this subject those historians who examined these documents, do not be lazy to google.
        The question of the act of writing off cartridges in the combat area was especially touched, I can imagine how the Red Army soldiers are writing these acts in batches ... Does your experience of visiting a shooting range, shooting range or training ground affect? Did you lie at the places of imprisonment?
        1. Opera
          Opera 13 September 2018 10: 04
          +2
          The point here is not in the "correctness and incorrectness of orders and actions" of our saboteurs! The war was terrible and for destruction! The first year of the war was terrible especially for our country and people! At such moments, there is no need to talk about such concepts as absolute justice! In war, as in war! No need to arrive in illusions and pick a wound, especially someone else's for pickers! Zoya was following orders! Zoya accomplished a feat! The death of this Russian girl has become and will be an example for all our fighters! In Russia, they always said - in peace and death is red! And death can really be beautiful. But a specific person makes her beautiful in a specific place, time and current circumstances. Zoya is a Russian heroine worthy, I think, of much greater honors and certainly eternal memory!
          1. Avior
            Avior 13 September 2018 14: 15
            -3
            the war ended many years ago, it’s time to comprehend what and how.
            only not everyone succeeds.
            1. Sanichsan
              Sanichsan 13 September 2018 15: 12
              0
              Quote: Avior
              only not everyone succeeds.

              in in. some former party workers are already openly declaring that Hitler is actually a great democrat.
              Do you see the line between comprehension and distortion or not?
    3. Bazarov
      Bazarov 13 September 2018 11: 43
      +3
      Therefore, France lasted less than a week, because from the point of view of the Christian and capitalist ideology its feat is inexplicable. In the USSR, however, there was the MSCC “Public Above the Private,” the effect of a lizard folding its tail in order to save the body, which is why we won the war.
  5. Conductor
    Conductor 13 September 2018 08: 13
    -7
    It was very pleasant for the peasants to remain homeless in the winter.
    1. Volodin
      Volodin 13 September 2018 08: 18
      +11
      And living under the same roof with the Nazis, who had previously shot their neighbors, is apparently more pleasant ... Excuse me, but your logic smacks of opportunism - "what will, what is bondage ..."
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 September 2018 09: 08
        -6
        no, it’s better to freeze alive in the winter with the children.
        And whom did the Germans shoot in Petrishchevo?
        1. Dashout
          Dashout 13 September 2018 09: 48
          +6
          Quote: Avior
          -2
          no, it’s better to freeze alive in the winter with the children.

          It is better to find another order of the rate that in the rear it is necessary to identify and shoot on the spot agitators (accomplices of the enemy) and other reptiles. Try on yourself ...
          1. Korax71
            Korax71 13 September 2018 13: 19
            -3
            It would be nice for you to try on too. Why do you not think how many of these were driven out in the cold, the team was not alone, and not in one village. And how many villages were washed off after blowing up the dam of Istra Idr below the spillway? For you, victory is an excuse for a considerable number of victims among the population of the country in which you live. when the fascists destroyed civilians, they are criminals and this is undoubtedly true when their heroes.
          2. Avior
            Avior 13 September 2018 13: 52
            -2
            after you.
            if you burn your own alive and call it heroism, you don’t need enemies either
            1. Sanichsan
              Sanichsan 13 September 2018 15: 13
              +1
              Quote: Avior
              if you burn your own alive and call it heroism, you don’t need enemies either

              and for you Cossacks from the SS your own? or their Vlasovites? who are these "friends"?
  6. military pensioner
    military pensioner 13 September 2018 08: 15
    +12
    And under Yeltsin, they tried to discredit her. Allegedly, she burned a stable with collective farm horses.
    And this t_vari, YELTSYNU, will be built in Moscow another nursery of provocateurs and the 5th column of the YELTSYN CENTER with Russian money.
    To his offspring Tatyana had her nest in the center of Moscow.
  7. Million
    Million 13 September 2018 08: 19
    +9
    Yes, there were PEOPLE in the USSR!
  8. Dimy4
    Dimy4 13 September 2018 08: 27
    +9
    Our pioneer squad was named after Zoe, her bust stands near the school.
  9. parusnik
    parusnik 13 September 2018 08: 28
    +14
    Eternal glory and memory! ....
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. uav80
    uav80 13 September 2018 09: 09
    +12
    Eternal memory to the heroes ...

  12. Rimlianin
    Rimlianin 13 September 2018 11: 00
    +1
    Sorry for the girl. Still live and live. But the inhabitants of the occupied villages, whose houses were ordered to be burned, feel sorry no less. It was a terrible time.
  13. mamont5
    mamont5 13 September 2018 11: 10
    +1
    Quote: Ros 56
    There is even a film about him, "The street of the youngest son" is called if my memory serves.

    Does not change. It was put on the book of the same name.
  14. semenoffdima
    semenoffdima 13 September 2018 11: 30
    +1
    Quote: sledak
    Dmitry, your request may not be feasible because these documents may still be classified as classified. If so, then the author will probably be able to satisfy your request after you can verify that you have the appropriate form of admission. If it is not, then you can read on this subject those historians who examined these documents, do not be lazy to google.
    The question of the act of writing off cartridges in the combat area was especially touched, I can imagine how the Red Army soldiers are writing these acts in batches ... Does your experience of visiting a shooting range, shooting range or training ground affect? Did you lie at the places of imprisonment?


    You will still laugh. But even in places of the database, responsible persons regularly write acts of expenditure of BP, including for small arms.
    But in this particular case, of course, there was irony. Because there are too many of these "estoregov" who can not pass by and not spit into our history.
    So, there is no reliable data, except for rumors and "studies of estoregov", and cannot be. If only because no one would shoot for such nonsense. In the most extreme case, the indignant peasants would be accepted at 58-10, and even then it is unlikely .. Not the heroes to spend cartridges on them. So there is either compelling evidence of the execution of the owners of the burnt houses precisely for the fact of indignation at the burning, or - admit that these are all "rumors, gossip, speculation"
    1. Avior
      Avior 13 September 2018 13: 53
      -1
      they brought you the source, and what did it give you?
  15. Avior
    Avior 13 September 2018 14: 13
    -4
    Oh, the minuses have been instructed.
    There was a wonderful Soviet slogan - "Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten."
    Only now its essence is perverted upside down by such minusers.
    For instead of the memory of veterans, they keep Soviet mythology, behind which real heroes are buried and forgotten.
    During the war, the myths of pain are quite understandable and necessary.
    Only now the war ended many years ago, and the real heroes are buried in the mountains of Soviet myths that continue to be circulated.
    Everyone remembers an employee of the NKVD, setting fire to the homes of Soviet people along with the elderly and children who were in them, and who did not admit during interrogation that she was an employee of the NKVD.
    And who remembers the tanker, who was crushed and clasped his hand in battle, and whom he cut off with a knife to continue the battle and cover his comrades?
    "No one is forgotten"?
    Now you can hardly find about it with the Internet.
    Or about his other feat, when he and his KV got in the way of the Nazis in 1941, for which he was introduced to the GSS, but Zhukov decided to limit himself to the Red Star. When Stalin learned about this from Rokossovsky, he called Zhukov a fool by sight.
    Everyone heard another Soviet myth created by the efforts of one correspondent, about how one platoon from Panfilov’s division stopped dozens of German tanks, he was at every step in the USSR, they called the streets and so on, although after the war it was known that this was an invention.
    And who among the readers knows that such a feat really happened at a different time and on another sector of the front, when one platoon stopped dozens of German tanks, knocking out a dozen of them, the whole platoon, both living and dead, awarded the rank of GSS? Will you find at least the Internet about him?
    Streets and factories were not named after them (except for the school in the village near which there was a battle, and the name was probably already canceled), they were forgotten and abandoned, they were buried according to piles of a limited set of Soviet mythology.
    And each of them has children and grandchildren, and they are pleased to know that myths are praised around the day, and they have hypocritically forgotten about the real feat of their fathers and grandfathers?
    Why are myths still praised day by day, and real heroes forgotten?
    So think about it, who was minus there.
    1. Korax71
      Korax71 13 September 2018 15: 21
      -2
      To know about these exploits, you need to rummage through history. Sometimes you have to learn a lot of unpleasant things. It's all complicated, it's easier to live with what is poured into the ears from the screens, in the press, at school.
    2. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 13 September 2018 15: 59
      +1
      Quote: Avior
      Everyone remembers an employee of the NKVD, setting fire to the homes of Soviet people along with the elderly and children who were in them, and who did not admit during interrogation that she was an employee of the NKVD.

      what is this nonsense? tell me, are you able to write something and at the same time DO NOT lie? or have you already lost the habit?
      When reading the opuses of a pro-government lick of emigration and outright criminals from an interim government like Miliukov, did you get the idea to check the authenticity of the opuses? (I'm talking about Gorinov)
      reliable fact - the stable with horses was burned, and not some fictitious houses with peasants by you. the reprisal against Zoya was arranged precisely because of the loss of traction force of the division, that is, horses. the difference between the Soviet collective farmer and the German horse, you see or not? all eclipsed by the crunch of french buns?
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 September 2018 23: 00
        0
        you are ridiculous in your ridiculous stubbornness, sorry.
        Why does ignorance so often coexist with bloated conceit?
        here's about three houses.
        the journal "Science and Life", No. 12, December 1966 (p. 10-13).
        In MK and MGK VKP (b)



        Comrade Shcherbakov,

        comrade Popov,

        comrade Chernousov.



        Memorandum



        In January 1942, in the newspaper Pravda, No. 27 (8798) (dated January 27), an article was published by comrade. Lidova "Tanya". MGK Komsomol to investigate the facts set forth in this article, created a commission that established the following ....
        In early December, she came to the village of Petrishchevo at night and set fire to three houses (the houses of the citizens of Karelova, Solntseva, Smirnova), ...

        After the arson, she managed to leave.



        Two days later, at seven in the evening, she again came to the same village. While trying to set fire to a house on the edge of the village, she was captured by German patrols ...

        5 / II. 1942. Secretary of MK and MGK Komsomol Pegov.
    3. reservist
      reservist 13 September 2018 18: 12
      0
      Quote: Avior
      Everyone remembers an employee of the NKVD, setting fire to the homes of Soviet people along with the elderly and children who were in them, and who did not admit during interrogation that she was an employee of the NKVD.

      military unit number 9903 of the intelligence department of the headquarters of the Western Front - is the NKVD?
      1. reservist
        reservist 13 September 2018 19: 10
        0
        Under the conditional number of military unit 9903 (a four-digit number, like that of the NKVD units), not only was a sabotage and reconnaissance school affiliated with the Komsomol Central Committee, but also all structures of the 3rd (sabotage operations) unit of the Intelligence Division of the Western Front headquarters.
      2. Avior
        Avior 14 September 2018 00: 30
        -2
        I was mistaken because of the number.
        I consider the error in the context of the discussion to be insignificant.
        she does not change the essence of the issue.
        1. reservist
          reservist 14 September 2018 11: 07
          0
          may not change, but still it’s not clear why it was necessary to pedal the theme of belonging to the NKVD
          Quote: Avior
          ... and did not admit at the interrogation that she was an employee of the NKVD
  16. tatra
    tatra 13 September 2018 14: 42
    +1
    The enemies of the communists on the territory of the USSR slandered, insulted, humiliated the heroes and leaders of the Soviet period, proved that they do not care about the great people, heroes, monarchs of the pre-revolutionary period, and they themselves do not have a single normal hero, leader, great person, only collaborators, separatists , convicts of the GULAG, "saints".
  17. Dzafdet
    Dzafdet 13 September 2018 15: 17
    -2
    Zoya was captured by local residents and handed over to the Germans. They didn't want to freeze in -30 degrees below zero. And Stalin gave the cannibal order. First, he and his henchmen successfully profiled everything, and then, as always: "brothers and sisters ...". Someone's heroism is always the elimination of someone's mistakes ..
    1. reservist
      reservist 13 September 2018 19: 15
      0
      I wonder what the locals hunted for armed saboteurs? or did the Germans arm them specifically for this?
      1. Avior
        Avior 13 September 2018 23: 11
        -2
        just raised the noise
        1. reservist
          reservist 14 September 2018 12: 18
          0
          If they had just made a noise, it’s not a fact that the Germans would have managed to encircle the Kosmodemyanskaya and capture it.
          After the first arson, the Germans gathered a village gathering and, in addition to their own soldiers, put up several sentries from the locals. Someone Sviridov, near whose house Zoya tried to set fire to the barn, and surrendered it to the Germans.
          Why come up with stories about locals chasing armed saboteurs at night in the village ...