Russian draftees: quantity or quality?

Russian draftees: quantity or quality?



Numerous studies that have been carried out on the readiness of young people to perform military service show that at present there is a very dangerous tendency towards a decrease in the quality of recruiting contingent. The defense consciousness of the younger generation has undergone significant changes, associated not only with the crisis of the development of society, but also with virtually no state attention to the problems of the army, as well as the overall quality of the country's defense.

The readiness of draftees for military service is of great importance for the effective work of those military units and formations into which they fall into distribution, as well as for successfully developing the qualities of corporate spirit in an army team and bringing up a soldier. At the same time, today there is a negative trend in the deterioration of the "quality" of recruits.

For modern recruits characterized by the fall of the educational level. Only a quarter of them have completed secondary education, less than half - specialized secondary. Every fifth - comes from an incomplete or dysfunctional family. A large number of young people to be called up use alcohol, and regularly, some have tried drugs, and another part has been registered with the police for minor offenses. Many of them did not study anywhere before the call and did not work. Almost every second requires constant medical supervision, because he has poor health or chronic diseases.

There is also a general decline in the mental and physical readiness of recruits for service. In addition, very few want to serve. This is explained by the decline in the prestige of military service. In addition, young men called up from rural areas, by the end of their service, cease to perceive military service as an honorable duty. Such changes are caused, first of all, by the fact that they are beginning to realize that many of their peers “cut the heel off” from the army, and they didn’t have anything for it.

With regard to value orientations, then there are significant changes. An increasing number of conscripts see military service as a way to test themselves in difficult conditions, a chance to see the world (in particular, this concerns participation in various peacekeeping operations and participation in international exercises).

Factors such as involvement in economic work, poor attitudes towards servicemen on the part of the state, problems of mutual relations within the army team, and physical overload, which are associated with a lack of staffing of sergeant positions, do not contribute to raising the prestige of military service.

The question arises: how is it possible to achieve an increase in the quality of conscription contingent in such conditions? What needs to be done so that in the army there are those who are really fit for service? This is an extremely difficult task. Indeed, in accordance with the legislation of Russia, in most cases, a deferment from military service is provided for full-time students in higher educational institutions, and sometimes in secondary specialized institutions. Thus, representatives of those social strata who have a lower income and a lower educational level are called to serve in the army. But it is well known that in countries with market economies, the development of mental disorders is more common in low social strata. Therefore, the level of mental stability of recruits is extremely low. The main causes of these disorders, according to experts, are low educational level, parenting in single-parent families or social educational institutions and alcohol dependence of parents.

At the same time, during the medical examination of draftees, no more than 10 minutes are allocated for psychiatric examinations, and for many this is the first mental health assessment in life. Earlier, in general educational institutions during preventive examinations, the participation of a psychiatrist is not allowed (this rule is spelled out in Russian legislation), therefore, it is almost impossible to identify any disorders in the early stages. When examining asylum-seekers, an assessment of their mental health is given taking into account the information available in the personal file of each. And if we take into account that the completeness of these data is far from high quality, it becomes clear why there are so many suicides and deaths of draftees in the army.

All information on the draftee, which is given from the place of study, are compiled mostly formally, without the involvement of school psychologists. At the same time, officers of military registration and enlistment offices do not fully verify these data and, thus, cannot compile an objective portrait of a recruit.

Specialists who work on the professional selection of recruits work separately from the recruiting commission, and the results they receive during the tests on intelligence and the emotional sphere cannot serve as a sufficient basis for a psychiatrist to decide whether or not a young person is ready for military service.

In the modern world, there is another sad trend. The presence of a document on secondary education cannot be evidence that the recruit has a sufficient level of intellectual development and satisfactory social adaptation. Again, Russian law provides that the transfer of a child to a special educational institution is possible only with the consent of the parents. If it is not there, then the child continues to learn along with everyone according to a general program with a formal transfer from class to class. But incomplete secondary education cannot be proof that the recruit is mentally retarded - the fact is that, especially in rural areas, the low level of family income forces teenagers to go to work with 13-14 for years, combining this with study.

Therefore, the examination of conscripts must be accompanied not only by documents from personal files, but also by the results of generally accepted psychodiagnostics for the study of the emotional-volitional sphere and intelligence. But in this regard, there are certain difficulties. The inclusion of a medical psychologist in the draft board is held under the heading of "another specialist", which may also call into question all of his conclusions.

In addition to mental health problems, there are also problems with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and blood circulation, as well as mismatch of body weight and height.

Thus, modern draftees are absolutely not ready for military service, not only psychologically, but also physically. Therefore, it is not surprising that as a result there is an increasing number of accidents and deaths of soldiers. So, for example, in the Sverdlovsk region a soldier conscript died who, on the orders of an officer, had to change a wheel in a GAZ-66 vehicle. But the soldier did not have any auto mechanic skills and was not familiar with the safety regulations, as a result of which he suffered a head injury and died six weeks later. Captain Maxim Bocharnikov, who issued the order, was sentenced to two years of imprisonment (probation also amounted to 2 of the year) under the article “negligence that resulted in death by negligence”. In the end, the "extreme" was the immediate commander. And no one wondered how, where and what the soldier was taught, why he was assigned this particular military training unit (military registration specialty), and if he didn’t have the relevant knowledge, why was he allowed to go to automobile technology?

And this case is not an isolated one. But as long as the state is not interested in the high level of the recruiting contingent, and not only striving to “get” the required number of soldiers, the situation will not change. And the matter is not only in a fairly high level of medical examination, but also in the very attitude towards draftees.

Materials used:
http://www.rosbalt.ru/federal/2012/05/21/983407.html
http://www.dissercat.com/content/sotsialno-psikhologicheskaya-gotovnost-doprizyvnoi-molodezhi-k-sluzhbe-v-rossiiskoi-armii
http://www.lib.ua-ru.net/diss/cont/214389.html
http://persona.rin.ru/news/42692/f/iz-pochti-9-000-prizyvnikov-vvs-tolko-20-procentam-doverili-oruzhie
Author:
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

36 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. igor67 25 May 2012 09: 37 New
    • 9
    • 0
    +9
    at 84 there was an exact same picture at the draft board, the military enlistment office didn’t fulfill the plan for the recruits caught everyone up, and after the zone (buyers immediately took them to the construction battalion), many also had a maximum of 8 classes. The only thing that was correct was the lessons NVP from grade 9. I remember 15 years old we were laid out on the desks, some kind of impetus at once, after 3 months we all applied to military schools on the registration commission, in the 10th grade weekly fees, who jumped from a parachute, etc. then the DAASAF (half a year) fell in love with the driver, the wheels were rimmed and removed, ZIL130 131, the engine was known, and driving as much as you want, the benefit of bezin was a shaft.
    1. tronin.maxim 25 May 2012 09: 58 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      Oh, there were good times!
    2. kostiknet 25 May 2012 10: 02 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      The deviator is a diagnosis !!! Conscripts are now not only kissed with a “brown eye” with a hickey (service is 1 year, they will not die of hunger, mothers can wipe their snot, etc. ...), and for some freaks this is not enough fool For a man who has not served legally, one must introduce a “loss of rights” so that this “miracle” knows: if he didn’t serve, your remaining life will turn into a nightmare !!! And then on the Swamp, etc. bliss about their "rights" as miserable, but they don’t want to remember about constitutional DUTIES!
      Thus, modern conscripts are absolutely not ready for military service, not only psychologically, but also physically. (quote)
      They don’t prepare, for many reasons, such as: “I won’t go there,” “for a year they will take me and such ...”
      1. soaring 25 May 2012 10: 55 New
        • 3
        • 0
        +3
        I agree to all 200% Previously, with a non-serving guy, girls disdained to meet laughing Zapadlo was! lol Now only wetlands and bio toilets are a priority .... And 1 year of service is generally idiocy, which you can understand and learn in a year, what equipment to master and learn to manage it at the proper level !? request But the loss of rights for evasion of service - I liked this idea !!! good With such a stigma in life it will not be very pleasant to go. Only here they will scout corruption and start trading unsubscribing from this ...
        1. 755962
          755962 25 May 2012 11: 22 New
          • 3
          • 0
          +3
          I remember before that they “monitored” health already from a kindergarten. And at school they drove to a polyclinic at a medical board. And by and large they didn’t hear about refuseniks. Say what you like, but the Soviet system was the most reliable in selection, although there were jambs there . And to put back a 2-year service life. And it turns out that he left as a kid and came to him (thank God that he is alive and healthy) And after the service itself, provide a lot of benefits, from out-of-competition admission and payment for studies at a university, to guaranteed housing . Then health will "appear" and desire. Well, and deviators with a "claim" to deprive not only freedom and "lose rights" ......
        2. alexander hjcnjd
          alexander hjcnjd 25 May 2012 19: 39 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          Well done, real obedient slaves, Putin both of you kostiknet and soaring pleased.
          Quote: kostiknet
          And then on the Swamp, etc. bliss about their "rights" as miserable, but they don’t want to remember about constitutional DUTIES!
          indeed, cops are knocking out testimonies from people, officials on taxes in Italy ride, etc. etc. Ah, yes, your glorious hazing officers created and support it. How many guys died, lost their health in this army without any war.
      2. core 25 May 2012 11: 10 New
        • 2
        • 0
        +2
        what a flaw, the soldiers began to feed the soldiers in the army, they stopped swelling with hunger, because this reptile this stool, he increased the nutritional standards of the soldier.
      3. surkov
        surkov 25 May 2012 11: 27 New
        • 2
        • 0
        +2
        the phrase "there is currently a very dangerous tendency to reduce the quality of the draft contingent." - relevant for the past 20 years! And now, especially
        Well, educated and healthy youth do not want to serve in the Russian army, and that's it yes
        Therefore, the question arises about the quality of Russian soldiers and sergeants. What are they capable and ready for?
        If a fighter is uneducated and unhealthy - what's the point of giving him the hands of modern weapons that are not yet available?
        In the future, who and how will master the latest digital technologies, graduates of grade 9?
        In general, world imperialism really threatens some strongly "multipolar" states
        1. rexby63 25 May 2012 22: 23 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Well, educated and healthy youth do not want to serve in the Russian army


          And when did you want? Your "great Teacher" Sakharov also slanted in due time. Bard Galich too. Continue the list? There were always creatures who considered themselves superior to the rest
        2. jo_lik
          jo_lik 26 May 2012 05: 44 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          Quote: surkov
          Therefore, the question arises about the quality of Russian soldiers and sergeants. What are they capable and ready for?

          God forbid you to know about it.
      4. fern
        fern 25 May 2012 14: 19 New
        • 7
        • 0
        +7
        what are you talking about? "turn into a nightmare." Since childhood, I dreamed of military service. 10 years old got a serious kidney disease - chronic glomerulonephritis. Almost every year I am treated. Passed the commission. on it, without hesitation, they wrote out "not suitable." They don’t want my death or anything else. There is no doubt that after school, I would go to serve, if not for such a blow of fate.
        What have I done? I just went the other way. I decided to study and devote myself to her. I didn’t choose for a long time - a programmer. ACS. Everything is hard of course, but somehow I can handle it. I want to become a good specialist and serve the country. How do you know, maybe in the future (if I live) I will work for the defense industry. Is this not called “to pay a debt to the country” or is the homeland protected only in the army by conscripts? . Now, because of the will of fate, do I need to be recorded in a separate caste of “non-serving” and to humiliate me in my rights?
        1. 11Goor11
          11Goor11 25 May 2012 22: 56 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          You, well done Stas, success to you.
          It’s just that some of these guys have too healthy patriotism. smile
          1. fern
            fern 26 May 2012 02: 39 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            Thank you smile . It is also strange that for some, patriotism causes an aggressive attitude. So it should not be ...
    3. gmajor 28 May 2012 14: 33 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      How do you know if the military enlistment office carried out the plan or not. You definitely could not find out from the recruiting office staff. And representatives of military units (buyers) do not go to regional military registration and enlistment offices. Tales all this !!!
  2. Middle-brother 25 May 2012 09: 44 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    "... a very dangerous tendency to reduce the quality of the draft contingent."
    It did not start now, the USSR fell apart and off and on.
  3. Reddragon 25 May 2012 10: 01 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    if they are called up by Soviet standards, the army will be reduced to 0.6 million troops (according to experts)
    1. kostiknet 25 May 2012 10: 12 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Here joy will roll over Taburetkin - what is the cost savings bully
  4. ward 25 May 2012 10: 18 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    He worked as a master of vocational training ... at the school, then they fed ... breakfast, lunch and dinner ... in the evening with the guys ... physical training and basketball without rules ... constantly monitored health ... once every six months a routine inspection .. if at once by the hand and according to the doctors ... ALL forty-one have served ... alive ... healthy ... this I consider the main achievement of my life ... a working day from 8.00 to 22.00 in five years lost 15 kg. .
    1. core 25 May 2012 11: 14 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      we have almost no physical education in our school; in the fourth quarter there were more than one physical education lesson.
      1. ward 25 May 2012 13: 37 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        In the mornings, I studied in the mornings 5 km to the lake ... in the summer, five hundred meters sailed ... and to study ... at the second break in the shooting range ... ten shots from the small arms with hands ... in the evening section ... the first the day came some kind of chock and I said the master of sports was a wolf ... I thought the truth ... well supported on the reflex after the throw ... otherwise I would have definitely ditched .. no one else what ...
  5. core 25 May 2012 11: 07 New
    • -3
    • 0
    -3
    who wrote such nonsense? changing the shishigi wheel, the fighter killed himself. Tell me more. here with such stupid excuses everything begins, complete irresponsibility. military prosecutors cover the bulk of army crimes.
    and about the delay, which prevents us from taking the unlearned young man into the army, the draft is up to 27 years old, we finish school at 22-23 years old. I think no one in the army needs specials. knowing his worth, there needs an illiterate slave who can be pushed around as you like.
    1. borisst64
      borisst64 25 May 2012 14: 53 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      core

      If the car was parked on the jack and fell, it does not necessarily press down, and it can hit the neck and head with the frame and cab. And most likely, he knocked down the circlip without relieving the pressure in the tire. In general, working with a tire is a hazardous type of work, there are a lot of injuries and flying in the workplace.
      1. core 25 May 2012 15: 12 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        you can justify everything and everyone, even Hitler can find excuses, it’s easier than understanding the situation, not in one auto-column, you wouldn’t entrust the work to the student alone, without helpers. because the master will answer and the boss will be completely up to the real time, and in the army he will have a friendly attitude towards man.
        peasant women give birth.
  6. Hleb 25 May 2012 11: 28 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    Yes, there were people nowadays
    Not that the present tribe:
    Heroes - not you!
  7. SL.Kocegar
    SL.Kocegar 25 May 2012 11: 59 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    Already wrote, to close career growth without serving in a flash a sea of ​​people wishing to appear. Because in Soviet times, the lack of partisanship prevented career advancement.
    1. Cadet787
      Cadet787 25 May 2012 14: 17 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      Currently, the priorities have changed, in favor, who have slanted from the army, and career growth on the state. service depends on the dough enclosed to the official.
  8. Pablomc
    Pablomc 25 May 2012 12: 05 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    And our state has never really been soared with an adequate distribution of draftees in parts ....
    I think that even now in the overwhelming majority of cases it is “on the drum”.
    By the word "state" I understand the draft commissions and others like them, which in general are on the drum, where and who the draftee will serve.

    Unreal wretchedness of decisions and their wild logic ......
    How can these narrow-minded people form a normal army ...? No way.

    Only a real recruitment for open army vacancies in a professional army can radically change this draft absurdity.
    1. ward 25 May 2012 13: 38 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Well, in the USA, something blacks and Latins go to the army ... but it’s spread like honey ...
  9. sanyarusian
    sanyarusian 25 May 2012 14: 09 New
    • 8
    • 0
    +8
    not quite in the subject, on Sunday I’m going to serve Russia, I need to feel for myself what the army is, good luck to my colleagues! In a year God will see you.
    1. Hleb 25 May 2012 14: 18 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      ... good luck and good feelings! wink
    2. core 25 May 2012 15: 16 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      good luck guy.
  10. Vyalik 25 May 2012 14: 59 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    In Israel, if you don’t want to serve, go to jail. If I’m not mistaken there and it’s problematic to get a good job? If I didn’t serve. Can we introduce something similar?
    1. core 25 May 2012 15: 15 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      in Israel, a soldier serves, fathers trust him commanders. and we treat the soldier like a moron, but he didn’t enter the university. the "white bone" is returning to the army, the officer is the lord, and the conscript soldier is a slave, he can be given in the teeth.
    2. rexby63 25 May 2012 22: 25 New
      • -1
      • 0
      -1
      They introduced nothing in Kazakhstan, the world did not turn upside down
  11. volcano 25 May 2012 19: 43 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Well, in general and in particular, the author noticed everything correctly. The process of the fall of the "quality" of a soldier is very accurately described. This is very, very dangerous for the country. The most important thing is that the enemy knows this very well and takes it into account in his plans. But the most offensive is that this is not exactly the problem of the Army. This is the problem of the state and society as a whole, and the Army has what they give. Article plus.
  12. aksai61 25 May 2012 23: 12 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    What kind of “quality” of conscripts can we talk about if the state doesn’t give a damn what they ate, drank, what they did .... It knows you are 18 and you have to ... What is it to me ?! Protect daddy's and sissy's angry
    You give the TRP and NVP !!! Mandatory training of graduates of universities and technical schools for military-accounting specialties (and then for a year, so check the theory for practice) So I did! And I do not regret it !!!
  13. bandabas 25 May 2012 23: 49 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Men. Trainees from vocational schools came to me. Soup set. Ah, there are already 18 people. Moreover, practice-2 for two weeks. Disappeared from production on the first day. Questions about the current young generation?
  14. Alekseev 26 May 2012 00: 02 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    To serve (to learn to defend the homeland) should be all who allow health. The question is how? The abolition of the call is another step, of which not a few have already been done, to the degradation of the Russian people, especially men. This is a loss of self-defense.
    On the other hand, yesterday’s schoolchildren (and now not everyone graduates from school, praise for perestroika), even as smart as, for example, the respected “core” in military units, are not needed. In addition to the danger to themselves and the harm of arms and military equipment and, in general, combat readiness from their arrival there is no sense. In addition to the "shishigi" wheels, there are still many complicated and dangerous things, but there are no "uncles," like the noblemen’s. A place of revenge is cheaper to hire a civilian (but not by Perdyukovsky "sucking", then it will be more expensive) than to keep a soldier.
    Smart people (I agree with them) offer the bulk of the conscripts to pass through the territorial training centers, where within a year (you can argue about the timing) to master a military specialty. After or on a contract, or in stock.
    In combat units (as well as storage bases), service is only by contract. To save money (the budget is not rubber, oil will become cheaper), call for "ready" specialists from a citizen: chauffeurs, cooks, etc., for a year for positions in support units (without them anywhere), as well as hire civilian employees .
    In any case, the conditions of service should be harsh ("so that the soldiers do not become women", as Peter the Great used to say), but, of course, not at all bestial. And conscientiously served honor and privileges.
    1. core 26 May 2012 00: 32 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      the fact of the matter is that in our army the harsh and bestial are synonyms. tooting. In our unit, for six years now there has been no normal bathhouse, a KAMAZ-water heater field bathhouse for 6 people, and in summer and winter the soldiers wash and change clothes in an unheated room. Is it not bestiality when a person is given 800 minutes to wash and change clothes (per week). and then wonder, WHERE IS LICE?
  15. Alekseev 26 May 2012 10: 29 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Something for your military unit, right the edge of not scared fools !?
    Yes, the last louse was, and then partially, wink Vasily Terkin during the Second World War.
    Write to the head of the reformist, he is already four years old with lice and not only fights, where is "suctioning" in the end? Tell the commander of what you have, the military prosecutors, the parent committee, the press.
    In order to establish a bathhouse there is no need for military reform, it is "elementary Watson." If this is not done, then it is time to withdraw one at a time. am
  16. Axel
    Axel 26 May 2012 22: 46 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    The army must be professional
    Year salary:
    Private $ 30000
    Sergeant sergeants $ 30000- $ 45000
    Praporov remove this is not a title, but a diagnosis!
    Lieutenants and Majors $ 50000-70000
    Lieutenant Colonels do not need
    Colonels $ 80000
    For 2 generals for each kind of troops no longer feed $ 100000
  17. Artew 27 May 2012 15: 36 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    So what are the suggestions?
    More money? - Not really an option.
    Maybe if you can’t make an army educated, then make all the people educated. That's just so he is educated (to some extent).
    So what to do?
  18. rusich 18 October 2015 18: 01 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    WE ARE NOT CHINESE SHOP BY QUANTITY