Military Review

Bloomberg: Russia has the opportunity to protect the ruble

114
Russia has the ability to protect its national currency due to the increased gold and foreign exchange reserve and one of the lowest levels of government debt in the world, the agency writes Bloomberg.




Despite the increased pressure from the West, sanctions have only limited impact on the Russian economy, which Russia can still cope with, the article says.

According to the author, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation may adjust interest rates to strengthen its currency.

The central bank and the Treasury have already taken small but significant steps to ease the pressure on the ruble: the first suspended its usual daily purchases of US dollars until next month, and the second canceled the last two weekly bond auctions, he stresses.

And, since the state debt of the Russian Federation is only 13% of the country's GDP, which is one of the lowest in the world, Russian regulators have many opportunities for maneuvering, the publication states.

In addition, according to the agency, Russia can rely on its gold reserves, which have now reached $ 460 billion. Another support for the ruble is the steady growth of oil prices.

There is also an increase in the yield of Russian 10-year bonds - from the level of 7% in February to 9,1% today. That is, the real return (after deducting inflation at the level of 3,1%) is 6%, which is one of the highest levels of profitability in the world, the publication concludes.

Recall the official exchange rate of the euro to the ruble on Friday - 79,36 ruble, the dollar - 68,25 ruble. Dual currency basket value - 73,25 rubles.

As the Minister of Economic Development and Trade Maxim Oreshkin stated earlier, the ruble is not among the weakest currencies. He stressed that his department sees no long-term reasons for the weakening of the national currency.
Photos used:
https://ru.depositphotos.com
114 comments
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  1. Jolly oldster sailor
    Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 09: 39
    -9
    Recall that the official exchange rate of the euro against the ruble on Friday is 79,36 rubles, the dollar exchange rate is 68,25 pwow. Dual currency basket value - 73,25 rubles.
    Keep the accumulations that you got with blood corns in gold !!!
    1. ANCIENT
      ANCIENT 9 September 2018 09: 48
      +4
      Alexy, with those gold prices, the hard worker’s salary will be enough for three grams of 585 samples per year, at best!
      1. Jolly oldster sailor
        Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 10: 09
        -4
        Vitalievich, we, as far as we can, are trying to withstand all this there, different ...Hello SPAIN! Don't give up !!!
        1. Stas157
          Stas157 9 September 2018 10: 50
          +12
          Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
          Recall that the official exchange rate of the euro against the ruble on Friday is 79,36 rubles, the dollar exchange rate is 68,25 rubles.

          The dollar is already almost 70. USD MOEX 69,91 + 0,66 EUR MOEX 80,80.

          The ruble is not snowing, but it is falling, falling ... In any other country, serious questions would have arisen for the government long ago. What happens to the national currency? There used to be an iron excuse that oil is getting cheaper ... but now oil is growing, and the ruble does not matter is falling! What is the matter? Who promised us a thriving economy (double GDP!) And a strong ruble?
          As previously stated by the head of the Ministry of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin, the ruble does not include the number of the weakest currencies. He stressed that his department does not see long-term reasons for the weakening of the national currency.
          1. dvina71
            dvina71 9 September 2018 11: 40
            0
            Quote: Stas157
            Who promised us a thriving economy (double GDP!) And a strong ruble?

            How did you connect a thriving economy and cheap foreign exchange?
            1. Stas157
              Stas157 9 September 2018 11: 56
              +6
              Quote: dvina71
              How did you connect a thriving economy and cheap foreign exchange?

              A thriving economy, and at the same time constantly devaluing national currency does not happen by definition! For your information, at the beginning of the year, the fall of the ruble against the dollar is already 27%.
              And what do you yourself have against a strong ruble? Do you seem to get a salary in dollars, or are you selling oil?
              1. dvina71
                dvina71 9 September 2018 12: 24
                +4
                Quote: Stas157
                Do you seem to get a salary in dollars, or are you selling oil?

                I have long had income in rubles. In currency, it was up to 98g. In stores, I also buy everything in rubles. Moreover, an increase in the price of imported goods is not equal to an increase in the value of foreign currency. Recently I bought a radiator for my truck .. it is like two years ago and today it costs 70 tr .. manufacturer Nixen.
                I explain to you .. the depreciation of the domestic currency is dangerous when the foreign trade balance is negative .. and the store shelves are littered with imported goods, up to food.
                If the domestic economy is stable, a positive foreign trade balance and supply of the population occurs with internal capacities .. 1. currency fluctuations - a way of earning (essentially speculating on insiders) 2. A way to protect the domestic market.
                1. Stas157
                  Stas157 9 September 2018 12: 42
                  +7
                  Quote: dvina71
                  Moreover, an increase in the price of imported goods is not equal to an increase in the value of foreign currency.

                  Do you think that they will sell import at a loss, at old prices? I’m watching with my own eyes, it’s just a price increase.
                  Quote: dvina71
                  Recently I bought a radiator for my truck .. it is like two years ago and today it costs 70 tr .. manufacturer Nixen.

                  Maybe you bought this radiator two years ago at an exorbitant price. But the fact is that almost two dozen companies have raised ruble prices for cars in Russia. https://iz.ru/785538/konstantin-novatckii/mashiny-opiat-dorozhaiut-skolko-gotovit-deneg
                  Since you are so smart, call these companies and explain in a popular way how you do this to us, that ruble devaluation is not a reason to raise prices!
                  Quote: dvina71
                  I explain to you ..

                  What can you explain? Do you yourself understand that, at least something in the economy?
                  Quote: dvina71
                  A way to protect the domestic market.

                  Do you call a brutal devaluation a way to protect the domestic market? Are you a student of Kudrin?
                  1. dvina71
                    dvina71 9 September 2018 13: 22
                    +4
                    Quote: Stas157
                    Severe devaluation

                    The most severe devaluation is a multiple .. now it is most likely speculative leaps .. loafers also want to eat ..
                    Quote: Stas157
                    Since you are so smart, call these companies and explain popularly how you do this to us.

                    Did you raise prices? .. It's good .. on the roads it will be freer ..))) But in general .. buy domestic cars.
                    Quote: Stas157
                    Maybe you bought this radiator two years ago at an exorbitant price.

                    No, I bought it right at the manufacturer’s warehouse .. two years ago I was interested in a local seller .. He has a margin of 15% .. for me. So consider the increase in two years ..
                    Quote: Stas157
                    Are you a student of Kudrin?

                    No. I believe that in our government there is a search for incompetent figures. And they are trying to solve their mistakes in the simplest ways .. by selection from the population. This also includes denomination ..
                    1. Svarog
                      Svarog 9 September 2018 20: 08
                      +1
                      Quote: dvina71
                      Did you raise prices? .. It's good .. on the roads it will be freer ..))) But in general .. buy domestic cars.

                      And where did you find domestic passenger cars? Why are you not an informed person ... You mean, probably, Renault cars? And by the way, spare parts for KIA Rio are much cheaper than for Lada Grant, you need to be silent about West in general ..
                2. Svarog
                  Svarog 9 September 2018 16: 57
                  -2
                  Quote: dvina71
                  If the domestic economy works stably, a positive foreign trade balance and supply of the population occurs with internal capacities.

                  Genady and what internal capacities did our government create in your opinion? Fortunately, we do not yet buy all products .. So, theoretically, only products may not be subject to the dollar, but this is theoretically, but in practice, we buy seeds abroad, palm oil abroad, gasoline constantly rises in price because of the exchange rate, because oil and gas owners are not used to earning and spending in rubles. As for the rest, nothing is produced in Russia, cowards are sewn on you and even in China, gadgets, software, household chemicals, cars, that's all .. everything .. they produce from them .. This power has not created anything in 20 years. And your explanations look stupid ..
                  1. Servisinzhener
                    Servisinzhener 10 September 2018 09: 04
                    +1
                    If in a search engine to type a query: the volume of industrial production in the world. Then the first link will be a table in which Russia for 2016 is the fourth place in the world. Above countries like Japan, Germany, South Korea, the UK and France. For products, I do not fully agree with you. Because for wheat we provide ourselves, and for example, most cereals are also Russian (with the exception of some rice varieties and absolutely exotic ones). Peas, pickled cucumbers, corn are also local, as well as sunflower oil, meat. The father-in-law is building a house and import is not noticed there. Cement, foam blocks, decking, foam, mineral wool, heating pipes, water supply, sewage, metal, plaster, paint, primer. Moreover, the foam blocks of local production, from a factory that was built about 8 years ago in the city of Ust-Labinsk, Krasnodar Territory.
                    1. l7yzo
                      l7yzo 10 September 2018 21: 21
                      0
                      Sorry I could not resist about wheat and in general the landowner. Wheat and generally good grain and not only - we sell for cardon. And all that is not for sale - goes to us on the shelves and in the bread. Therefore, bread producers have become chemists. After all, they constantly bring different kinds of different things under one poppy))) Therefore, now there are a lot of preservatives in the bread. And the producers of bread did not miss - now even flour rarely of the highest grade has become in bread. And it’s already become yours in cookies - general-purpose flour - you get fatter from it and it is full of garbage, it is supposed to feed livestock.
                      We go further along the farmers - I have familiar farmers, it seems even with garb - and even then they are being pressed by industrialists or other people close to the markets. Well, these very so-called agricultural holdings.
                      I remember there was a case - this is about building mixtures. A familiar factory was holding - it seems to have started successfully - and it took new electric power - to turn around. Well - they weren’t given them. Mini gas power station - also not given. No one needs competitors. I had to close.
                      If small volumes and you do not interfere - then yes they give you life and slowly work. But if there is interest in the company - you have two options - either sell or close.
                      We had networks, for example Picnic - decided to compete - went bankrupt, Build an arsenal - went bankrupt. The rest sold out - this is about shops. You can read about the Internet and other things there in the internet.
                      You forgot about the soybeans that the Chinese are growing in the vast expanses of Siberia and the Khabarovsk Territory - yes, we are the mega exporters who became the mega exporters. Current The Chinese themselves export it themselves. After all, the Americans began to force her to them, and they love her passion.
              2. dvina71
                dvina71 9 September 2018 12: 29
                +1
                Quote: Stas157
                A thriving economy, and at the same time a constantly devaluing national currency, does not happen by definition!

                If you approach the issue from the side of the HSE graduate .. One of the representatives of this direction, by the way, has already torn the Russian economy to shreds ..
                1. Stas157
                  Stas157 9 September 2018 12: 57
                  0
                  Quote: dvina71
                  If you approach the question from the side of the HSE graduate

                  I like Katasonov, who headed the Department of International Monetary and Credit Relations, MGIMO. This is the economist of the still old Soviet school. I prefer to look at what is happening with his eyes, and also Glazyev.
                2. RainTNT
                  RainTNT 9 September 2018 14: 20
                  +3
                  Quote: dvina71
                  A thriving economy, and at the same time a constantly devaluing national currency, does not happen by definition!

                  Sugar has fallen in price, you are our sorrow economist. And the fact that food inflation is growing on the numbers of the Federal State Statistics Service, as by leaps and bounds, but the income level of the population is falling, it seems to you anyway, you bought a radiator)))))). Tasty?
          2. Vadim237
            Vadim237 9 September 2018 14: 41
            -1
            A weak ruble is beneficial to the Russian economy in export deliveries.
            1. Svarog
              Svarog 9 September 2018 16: 59
              0
              Quote: Vadim237
              A weak ruble is beneficial to the Russian economy in export deliveries.

              Surely profitable, just what do we export? Oil and gas and natural resources do not count ..
              1. Vadim237
                Vadim237 9 September 2018 17: 49
                -1
                What we export: airplanes, helicopters, optical instruments, fuel for reactors, reactors themselves, construction equipment, cars, alloys, medical equipment, cars, motorcycles, rural products, rocket engines, gyroscopes, machine tools and even 3D printers and televisions, etc. - in general everything that we produce.
                1. Svarog
                  Svarog 9 September 2018 20: 05
                  +3
                  The military industry and natural resources .. Everything else that you have listed is nonsense .. well, more precisely, ridiculous, scanty volumes ... especially the medical equipment and television sets amused.
                  1. Vadim237
                    Vadim237 9 September 2018 20: 36
                    -1
                    Not nonsense, but the fact, volumes are growing every year and not raw materials exports, already higher than raw materials.
                    1. Svarog
                      Svarog 9 September 2018 21: 18
                      -2
                      Quote: Vadim237
                      Not nonsense, but the fact, volumes are growing every year and not raw materials exports, already higher than raw materials.

                      Vadim, I won’t put you in a difficult situation .. volumes are growing every year .. You know, I’m watching, no, our television and sometimes I wonder how people make a fool of it ... They report to Putin, our turnover with Azerbaijan has grown by 30% and no one speaks at the expense of what and why .. But in fact, everything is simple, here they sold 1 Lada Vesta there a year (for example), and this year they began to sell two, 100% growth everyone is happy)) you also heard a ringing, but you didn’t get into the details ..
                      1. Vadim237
                        Vadim237 10 September 2018 00: 23
                        -2
                        I have a growth for half a year, in machine-building production - 25%. And Russia is not only trading with Azerbaijan, and there are clearly not one or two Frets involved in 3-4 billion dollars.
            2. ltc35
              ltc35 9 September 2018 18: 59
              +2
              We have been hearing about the benefits of a weak ruble for exporters for the third decade continuously. And for some reason it doesn’t become easier to live ...
            3. Servisinzhener
              Servisinzhener 10 September 2018 08: 36
              0
              Not only. But also in protecting the domestic market and the manufacturer from import.
          3. Svarog
            Svarog 9 September 2018 16: 12
            0
            Quote: Stas157
            Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
            Recall that the official exchange rate of the euro against the ruble on Friday is 79,36 rubles, the dollar exchange rate is 68,25 rubles.

            The dollar is already almost 70. USD MOEX 69,91 + 0,66 EUR MOEX 80,80.

            The ruble is not snowing, but it is falling, falling ... In any other country, serious questions would have arisen for the government long ago. What happens to the national currency? There used to be an iron excuse that oil is getting cheaper ... but now oil is growing, and the ruble does not matter is falling! What is the matter? Who promised us a thriving economy (double GDP!) And a strong ruble?
            As previously stated by the head of the Ministry of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin, the ruble does not include the number of the weakest currencies. He stressed that his department does not see long-term reasons for the weakening of the national currency.

            In principle, there would be nothing wrong with the weakening of the ruble, if, these actions had continued, namely:
            1.Serious reduction in bank rates. Loans are all much cheaper, which would give a lot of opportunities for economic development. (Cheap mortgage, cheap and long-term loans for small and medium-sized businesses, etc.)
            2. Decrease in fuel and lubricants. It would also give an additional impetus to the economy.
            3. The state program aimed at the production of competitive goods. We do not produce anything at all (not counting weapons and minerals) And there are many areas where you can prove yourself.
            But our government completely fell under the IMF and stupidly robs the people, systematically tightening nuts in all sectors of the economy, which will inevitably lead to degradation ..
          4. tTshka
            tTshka 9 September 2018 19: 37
            +1
            You on the Maidan have not yet been promised that ...
            Ie, I did not forget to mention the growing oil price, but about the pressure of the entire "civilized world", up to threats of sanctions to foreign investors, I somehow forgot ... wai-wai is not good.
          5. g graph
            g graph 10 September 2018 08: 07
            0
            Here it is not necessary to ask questions, but to go to the Central Bank. Only the Central Bank regulates the value of currencies and the ruble. And the president is not a decree for the Central Bank. This is the whole trick.
          6. Servisinzhener
            Servisinzhener 10 September 2018 08: 33
            0
            What is a strong ruble? Which price does not change much with time or the one with a dollar ratio of close to 1 to 1?
    2. Bull Terrier
      Bull Terrier 9 September 2018 10: 06
      +3
      It makes no sense. It is much more profitable to buy gold coins of the Soviet and pre-revolutionary period. They are cheaper than bullion, and most importantly, the price does not fall
      1. Jolly oldster sailor
        Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 10: 21
        -3
        Quote: Bull Terrier
        It makes no sense. It is much more profitable to buy gold coins of the Soviet and pre-revolutionary period. They are cheaper than bullion, and most importantly, the price does not fall

        No-Tsarist gold pieces!!! winkFull egg, if that ... The rest is ashes .....
        1. Bull Terrier
          Bull Terrier 9 September 2018 10: 24
          +2
          Including them. This is a good investment.
          1. SRC P-15
            SRC P-15 9 September 2018 10: 30
            +5
            Yield of Russian 10-year bonds is also growing - from the level of 7% in February to 9,1% today.

            But when the income growth of simple hard workers also rises to 9,1%, then they may have an interest in keeping their savings. In the meantime, for most, this is a distant dream.
            1. Jolly oldster sailor
              Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 10: 37
              +1
              Yes, yes ... And I invested in land and real estate, I think in vain ... When we conceive all the sabers to wave, this whole thing will become worthless ... repeat
              1. SRC P-15
                SRC P-15 9 September 2018 10: 40
                +7
                Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
                0
                Yes, yes .. But I invested in land and real estate, I think in vain ...

                If this land is in a cemetery, then I will definitely say: you invested not in vain! wassat
                1. Jolly oldster sailor
                  Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 10: 43
                  -1
                  Oh you, Sasha ... We’re talking about serious things, but you still giggle, damn it ... hi
                  1. SRC P-15
                    SRC P-15 9 September 2018 10: 48
                    +2
                    Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
                    Oh you, Sasha ... We’re talking about serious things, but you still giggle, damn it ..

                    And laughter prolongs my life! I noticed this a long time ago. smile
              2. Victor N
                Victor N 9 September 2018 13: 36
                0
                By all means, Donetsk is an example.
              3. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 9 September 2018 18: 08
                0
                Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
                Yes, yes ... And I invested in land and real estate, I think in vain ... When we conceive all the sabers to wave, this whole thing will become worthless ... repeat

                If the land is agricultural, then they did it right. Real estate - depending on where and when you bought it.
                I bought odnushka in Krasnodar for 1100 thousand with repair from the builder. Before the fall of the ruble. I sold six months ago for 1500 thousand. I handed over a year for 10 thousand per month. He invested 60 thousand in furniture. On the one hand, he earned 460 thousand rubles. On the other hand, after the purchase, the ruble depreciated twice, so it would be better if I spent 100 dollars to buy bucks, more precisely, I wouldn’t touch my dollars laughing He invested 30 tanks, received 25 back.
                1. Okolotochny
                  Okolotochny 9 September 2018 18: 20
                  0
                  The ruble then depreciated against the dollar. Did odnushki double as well? Here come from this.
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 9 September 2018 18: 24
                    0
                    Quote: Okolotochny
                    The ruble then depreciated against the dollar. Did odnushki double as well? Here come from this.

                    Well, how twice? I bought for one million one hundred thousand rubles, sold it (I sold it well in relation to the prices of such huts in this area) for one million five hundred thousand rubles. 1500000 - 1100000 = 400000. That is, less than 40%))
                    Whereas the ruble fell 100% laughing
                    1. Okolotochny
                      Okolotochny 10 September 2018 00: 27
                      0
                      Here I am about the same. So, not everything depends on the dollar?
                    2. Okolotochny
                      Okolotochny 10 September 2018 00: 28
                      0
                      In our village and in the regional center, prices basically remained the same.
                    3. Okolotochny
                      Okolotochny 13 September 2018 00: 21
                      -1
                      What area was the apartment in? It also depends on the area. Prestigious Festival (as far as I know).
              4. ltc35
                ltc35 9 September 2018 19: 01
                +1
                The tax will increase on land and real estate. After this, the investment will turn into a heavy burden.
            2. Vadim237
              Vadim237 9 September 2018 14: 49
              -2
              We have 70% of all hard workers working for private owners, such as myself - the question of raising wages should be asked to them.
      2. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 9 September 2018 10: 42
        0
        Quote: Bull Terrier
        It makes no sense. It is much more profitable to buy gold coins of the Soviet and pre-revolutionary period. They are cheaper than bullion, and most importantly, the price does not fall

        They even grow. The question is their quick liquidity.
        1. Jolly oldster sailor
          Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 10: 47
          -2
          good Okay, so invested ...
    3. kapitan92
      kapitan92 9 September 2018 10: 33
      +6
      Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
      Keep the accumulations that you got with blood corns in gold !!!

      I remind you that gold prices are set in London!
      London fixing on gold, twice a day set London Gold Market Fixing Limited, is the main reference point for market participants. The fixing price is used in almost all contracts concluded for the supply of physical gold.

      Fixing - determination by the leading market participants of the equilibrium price of a precious metal at a particular point in time based on the ratio of existing demand and supply. London fixing for gold was first installed on September 12, 1919.

      Gold is fixed in London 2 times a day: at 10:30 (morning fixing) and at 15:00 (evening fixing) London time representatives of the five largest world banks (Scotia Mocatta, HSBC, Deutsche Bank, Societe Generale, Barclays Capital), each of which is a member of the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA).

      Fixing participants do not trade their own metal and therefore do not use it to control prices. As a result of fixing, an objective price is determined that reflects the ratio of supply and demand.
      The system for setting the price of gold is unusual: a teleconference is held twice a day with the participation of five banks - Barclays, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, Bank of Nova Scotia and Société Générale. The price of silver is set by the last three banks. Pricing is used to determine prices around the world.
      Given such a system, there is a high probability of a collapse in prices for this precious metal, which certainly entails a decrease in gold reserves in Russia.
      In this situation, you should not give such advice! hi
    4. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 9 September 2018 10: 41
      +5
      Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
      Recall that the official exchange rate of the euro against the ruble on Friday is 79,36 rubles, the dollar exchange rate is 68,25 pwow. Dual currency basket value - 73,25 rubles.
      Keep the accumulations that you got with blood corns in gold !!!

      Gold today fell by 10.71% compared to last year. Yesterday fell 2,5%. The dollar is at 69.9 at the close of trading on September 7th.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 9 September 2018 14: 51
        -1
        Invest in Palladium, decent horse racing, but it is growing.
    5. aybolyt678
      aybolyt678 10 September 2018 08: 12
      0
      Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
      Keep the accumulations that you got with blood corns in gold !!!

      90 percent of the savings are not from physical work in the manufacturing sector, but from work in various areas of commerce. People forgot what calluses are. Some shops everywhere
  2. ANCIENT
    ANCIENT 9 September 2018 09: 42
    +6
    Is it profitable for the modern government? The interests of big capital and the interests of the people in the country are now diametrically opposed, and the authorities, while verbally supporting the people, in fact defend the interests of "moneybags" living in the country and hiding profits offshore!
    1. You Vlad
      You Vlad 9 September 2018 09: 48
      -1
      Quote: ANCIENT
      while the authorities are verbally supporting the people, in fact they are defending the interests of the "moneybags" living in the country and hiding profits offshore!

      Likely for this, the government defends our interests in the world and makes a very uncomfortable life for this very capital in offshore! Citizens money bags keep your capital in Russian bonds!
      1. thrush
        thrush 9 September 2018 10: 01
        +7
        Quote: You Vlad
        Probably for this, the government defends our interests in the world and makes a very uncomfortable life for this very capital in offshore!


        not only power, but also sworn partners help her a lot .. either in the states assets freeze, then in Britain oligarchs are pulled for the scrotum laughing laughing
  3. cost 75
    cost 75 9 September 2018 09: 49
    +1
    laughing
    Quote: Jolly oldster sailor
    Recall that the official exchange rate of the euro against the ruble on Friday is 79,36 rubles, the dollar exchange rate is 68,25 pwow. Dual currency basket value - 73,25 rubles.
    Keep the accumulations that you got with blood corns in gold !!!

    Kilogram ingots under the mattress.
  4. Observer2014
    Observer2014 9 September 2018 09: 51
    +5
    Bloomberg: Russia has the opportunity to protect the ruble
    Yes, there is. Release the ruble into free swimming. Which is what they did back in 2014. The most interesting is ahead. U !!! The guys will wait for us just a circus. Then they will level the increase in pensions. They will drop the ruble even further. In short everything in уё if you measure it will remain so.
    1. thrush
      thrush 9 September 2018 10: 04
      +7
      Seryozha hi ... do not pissimizdi. laughing .. given the fact that in national currencies we begin to pay more actively with partners .. we will have to have an ordinary citizen and yuan for household appliances and dinars for rags and bunnies for products to the ruble to have laughing
      1. Observer2014
        Observer2014 9 September 2018 10: 25
        +2
        thrush (Al Iskander)
        will have to be an ordinary citizen and yuan for household appliances and dinars for rags and bunnies for products to the ruble to have
        It’s necessary, it’s necessary to have it, because if you keep uye in its current guise, then uo also has a ruble and a dinar with hares. And in the end, all the promises of a qualitative improvement in a better life by August next year will burst. laughing
        1. thrush
          thrush 9 September 2018 10: 31
          +6
          Quote: Observer2014
          . And in the end, all the promises of a qualitative improvement in a better life will burst by August next year


          Oh. Serezha, should we be sad .. a brighter future my great-grandfather began to build .. laughing laughing laughing
          1. Observer2014
            Observer2014 9 September 2018 11: 16
            +5
            thrush (Al Iskander)
            my great-grandfather began to build a bright future ..
            So you don’t have Alexander alone. The truth is that it is typical for each generation that the promises promised that we would live !!! wassat What promises immunity developed .. repeat
      2. Stakan
        Stakan 9 September 2018 10: 26
        +3
        Quote: thrush
        will have to be an ordinary citizen and yuan for household appliances and dinars for rags and bunnies for products to the ruble to have

        Well, don’t invent it, it will all be at the state level .. Perhaps they will come up with a single currency for mutual settlements, it smells of war already .. The machine printing dollars from the Jews is in full power and the US gold reserve too (there are reserves of many countries, including Germany. .)
        The main battle is yet to come ..!
        Libera already has fakes that Nabibulina fled to the USA, grabbing all the money of Russia, along with Medvedev .. No wonder they let it in the media! They are angry that the ruble is still holding in spite of all the attacks of foreign currency speculators in the West ..!
        We stand to death men and do not care about these courses ...
        1. thrush
          thrush 9 September 2018 10: 29
          +3
          Quote: Stakan
          there the reserves of many countries are stored, including Germany ..)


          was there a boy? about tungsten in gold bars have not forgotten yet. laughing

          about yuan this banter was wassat wassat
          1. Stakan
            Stakan 9 September 2018 10: 44
            +5
            Quote: thrush
            about tungsten in gold bars have not forgotten yet

            We all remember and mind you, it somehow quickly hushed up .. hi And Russia, slowly withdrawing its contributions to the US Treasury bills (there is a danger that they will simply be blocked) And our thieves in London, too, are shaking for their money (they can withdraw for the fight against the Russian threat, for example)))) laughing
      3. ANCIENT
        ANCIENT 9 September 2018 11: 34
        +1
        Autumn, Blackbirds Squirrels wassat !!! Alexander, if I remember (simply Sanka), have not been on the site for a long time! !! hi (We were in Paris, and much closer, we were in Italy and so on) -Do not you mean ???? drinks hi
        1. thrush
          thrush 9 September 2018 13: 46
          +1
          Quote: ANCIENT
          (We were in Paris, and much closer, we were in Italy and so on) -Do not you mean ????


          In the glorious Salisbury, we did not pose ... and I'm not Petrov at all ... laughing
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 9 September 2018 13: 52
            +1
            Quote: thrush
            In the glorious Salisbury, we did not pose ... and I'm not Petrov at all ..

            "... I am plagued by vague doubts ..."

            "And they say - sho the king is worthless!" laughing

            Hi IronMan !!!
            1. thrush
              thrush 9 September 2018 13: 59
              +2
              Ilyich, well, believe me, Schaub and I spent the weekend in the same room with a double bed? By the way, in April I have an iron alibi laughing laughing literally drinks Greetings .. everything .. ordinary I, no non-iron man .. all the excess iron was taken out lol lol
              1. stalkerwalker
                stalkerwalker 9 September 2018 17: 49
                +2
                Quote: thrush
                By the way, in April I have an iron alibi

                And I have ... wassat As in March .... lol
                Quote: thrush
                excess iron removed

                Well ... For Our and Your Health!
                drinks
  5. Darth gazgkull
    Darth gazgkull 9 September 2018 09: 57
    0
    Opportunity and desire are two different things.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Stakan
    Stakan 9 September 2018 10: 19
    +3
    thanks to the increased gold and foreign exchange reserve and one of the lowest levels of public debt in the world,

    But Putin had long since begun to buy gold (on the sly) ..He knew and prepared for the persecution of Russia on all fronts. So we’ll also fight in the economic sphere and China will help us in this, the US Hydra and the usurious leadership will strangle a little .. The machine printing dollars has already begun to overheat ..
    1. thrush
      thrush 9 September 2018 10: 26
      +4
      Quote: Stakan
      But Putin has long since begun to buy gold (quietly)


      Only China also has a rare earth metals bank ... it’s interesting ours also have gold, it’s also not ice ... and now you can’t go without rare metals
      1. Stakan
        Stakan 9 September 2018 10: 51
        +2
        Quote: thrush
        Quote: Stakan
        But Putin has long since begun to buy gold (quietly)


        Only China also has a rare earth metals bank ... it’s interesting ours also have gold, it’s also not ice ... and now you can’t go without rare metals

        Yes, everyone is stocking up, we already have experience ..! I remember during the Second World War the United States demanded payment for "aid" only in gold and platinum .. And Stalin paid because there was a stock .. And when he died he left the country with the maximum stock of gold in history (he returned everything)!
        By the way, Eun seems to be going to us, and there they have rich deposits of rare-earth metals in the world .. Here and think men!
        1. thrush
          thrush 9 September 2018 10: 54
          +3
          Quote: Stakan
          By the way, Eun seems to be going to us, and there they have rich deposits of rare-earth metals in the world .. Here and think men!

          Quote: Stakan
          By the way, Eun seems to be going to us, and there they have rich deposits of rare-earth metals in the world .. Here and think men!


          in the next thread noted this .. there is just about the parade ... only the Chinese are already grazing there ..
          1. Stakan
            Stakan 9 September 2018 12: 33
            +2
            Quote: thrush
            in the next thread noted this .. there is just about the parade ... only the Chinese are already grazing there ..

            I agree the Chinese are grazing the DPRK and Russia just will not give up .. bully
    2. Demon_is_ada
      Demon_is_ada 9 September 2018 12: 12
      0
      It’s not a matter of persecution, it has always been from the time of creation. The question is that the West is manipulating the price of precious metals for the sake of the dollar. And in the end, the real price of gold (physical) was underestimated. The meaning is our fs dollar, gold is nothing! laughing They did it adroitly - they traded contracts for gold not yet mined and even unexplored wassat So GDP almost bought the physical gold, they only trade contracts there now, and even China, looking at us, began to indulge in the same. So this is in reserve, now it’s cheap, but then it will be oh ...
    3. atalef
      atalef 9 September 2018 17: 08
      +2
      Quote: Stakan
      But Putin has long since begun to buy gold (quietly).

      Meehan, it's you here that you quietly change your nicknames, but you won’t buy gold secretly
      Quote: Stakan
      So we’ll fight in the economic sphere and China will help us in this.

  8. APASUS
    APASUS 9 September 2018 10: 33
    +4
    Look on the other hand, why the Central Bank of the Russian Federation will protect the ruble?
    We have a very clearly divided power, among the wealthy and those who still need a brain (pension reform). For our elite, practically registered in the West and owning our exports, low levels of the national currency are profitable. This is above the profit from exports. The authorities very clearly set emphasis on reform
    So everything is according to the classics: Bottoms cannot, but they don’t want the top
    1. D. Dan
      D. Dan 10 September 2018 13: 06
      0
      So the revolutionary situation will require a way out! What will he be like? Ideally, a revolution from above! But I can’t believe in Putin anymore ..: (((
  9. Snail N9
    Snail N9 9 September 2018 10: 36
    +1
    Here, not even in the "security-filling" of the ruble, the "main" joke, but it is that the international banking system is gradually ceasing any operations with Russia (even without switching off SWIFT): servicing its foreign trade activities, placing and selling its securities, loans, transfers and storage of currency, etc. Moreover, both Chinese and other large Asian banks have joined this so as not to fall under sanctions due to cooperation with Russia (nothing "personal" - just business) ... winked Although they are now overlaid with gold, but now, how to pay them, now, with foreign trade partners .... request
    1. thrush
      thrush 9 September 2018 10: 41
      +3
      Quote: Snail N9
      but here's how they pay


      why pay? to whom should we forgive everyone ... wassat wassat
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 9 September 2018 10: 52
        0
        Well, or so, the truth is usually the opposite -... the people in Russia are rich ..... there, the "national treasure" gave the Kurds 2 billion bucks .... and it's normal .... no one is "buzzing " on this occasion...... wink
      2. Stakan
        Stakan 9 September 2018 12: 41
        +2
        Quote: thrush
        Quote: Snail N9
        but here's how they pay


        why pay? to whom should we forgive everyone ... wassat wassat

        Forgive and forgive, but then ..)))

        No wonder we are so terribly hated by the financial world structures of usurers ..)))) wassat
        1. Snail N9
          Snail N9 9 September 2018 12: 50
          +4
          Come on. These words of Bismarck are already out of date. Modern Russia forgives everything to those who "owe" it, but pays its debts, regardless of who and when and from whom they took it, even the "tsarist debts" were paid off. And who, from international financial institutions, "hates" us? On the contrary, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation is a "favorite" in the IMF and its (Central Bank of the Russian Federation) leaders (as well as the ministers of finance of the Russian Federation) constantly become "laureates" of the most prestigious titles of this organization. That is, international financial institutions are just happy with the RF Central Bank. wink
          1. Stakan
            Stakan 9 September 2018 13: 14
            -1
            Quote: Snail N9
            Come on. These words of Bismarck are already out of date. Modern Russia forgives everything to those who "owe" it, but pays its debts, regardless of who and when and from whom they took it, even the "tsarist debts" were paid off.

            It’s difficult to argue of course, but I feel at the genetic level that the Russians will take everything away (most likely not with money)))) HERE, for example, CRIMEA, how much does it cost? he he
            Quote: Snail N9
            And who, from international financial institutions, "hates" us? On the contrary, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation is a "favorite" in the IMF and its (Central Bank of the Russian Federation) leaders (as well as the ministers of finance of the Russian Federation) constantly become "laureates" of the most prestigious titles of this organization. That is, international financial structures are just happy with the Central Bank of the Russian Federation

            I agree that the Central Bank "our" seems to be not ours already .. They live on their own like that (by the way, the Central Bank was liquidated in the districts and regions))) Amusing? All private traders were given to operate with budget money ..
            I recently read "Memoirs of a Stock Market Speculator". It explains a lot in the financial circles of the world .. How they make money out of thin air! negative
            1. thrush
              thrush 9 September 2018 13: 49
              +1
              Quote: Stakan
              that the Russians will take everything away (not with money most likely)))) HERE, for example, CRIMEA, how much does it cost?


              I propose to give North America to China ... laughing laughing
              1. Stakan
                Stakan 9 September 2018 14: 26
                +1
                Quote: thrush
                Quote: Stakan
                that the Russians will take everything away (not with money most likely)))) HERE, for example, CRIMEA, how much does it cost?


                I propose to give North America to China ... laughing laughing

                Yes, let them take it, you can easily dress up a Chinese in Chingangchuk, it will look like ..!
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. samarin1969
    samarin1969 9 September 2018 10: 59
    +3
    About 460 billion is not so simple. The latest data on open sources that there are 52 billion of gold and currency, more than 43 billion - "no alternative" laughing US Treasury. All the rest - ....??? How liquid is it, and how much is it "our" .. ??
    Mr. Kudrin, like Gref, likes to comment on everything in politics and economics. He gloomily said that the Russian Federation is ready for "hellish" financial sanctions. It remains to believe him request that the "financial emergency gang" will turn on without problems.
    ps It is a strange tradition to look for "positive news" in "Bloomergs" and other foreign publications.
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 September 2018 11: 11
      0
      Most recently, the Central Bank sold part of the Treasuries to pay off the holders of Russian government bonds, which they got rid of for fear of sanctions. Now, no one needs Russian papers in the West - no one wants to get involved with them because of the sanctions. This means that Russia now has nowhere to take money on the world financial market, the only thing that remains is the sale of natural resources, while this is possible, but .... soon this "shop will be closed" - "the first has already gone": http: // in24.org/economics/32985?utm_source=finobzor.ru wink And then what to do? Not in vain, not in vain in the US Congress, they gloatingly say that they will reduce Russia to the position of the DPRK, let Russia not think that its size and location will help it. And something tells me that this is the case .... sad
      1. samarin1969
        samarin1969 9 September 2018 12: 13
        +3
        Snail N9 "And then what to do?" .... And don't be so afraid. smile Koreans, Iranians have resisted, and Russia will withstand ... with a competent organization. ... For one US financial "bugs" will pay off trillions of rubles.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Snail N9
          Snail N9 9 September 2018 12: 17
          +2
          So in the countries you have listed, "national" governments, at the very least, enjoy the support of the overwhelming majority of the population (even as the liberoids and the "foolish" say), but in Russia, the "supranational" government does not care about the people .. it (the government) is still continues to see himself in the "brotherly family of peoples" of the Earth wink
      2. Demon_is_ada
        Demon_is_ada 9 September 2018 12: 31
        +2
        Degenerates are already sitting in Congress recourse it doesn't smell like Washington, Ford, etc. The DPRK has human resources, polymetals, but no oil and gas, and arable land. Russia does not need a word at all in the rest of the "developed and progressive tsevilized" world hi
        py ssy Tse-lizit-ovtsiya people-sheep belay rather strange coincidence and combination ...
      3. Vadim237
        Vadim237 9 September 2018 14: 57
        -3
        Do not worry, do not worry, but oil and gas, and they will buy everything else, and will continue to buy it - the whole world.
  12. mavrus
    mavrus 9 September 2018 11: 34
    0
    It's like in the famous comedy ... The government "has the ability to save the ruble, but has no desire ..."
  13. XII Legion
    XII Legion 9 September 2018 11: 46
    +2
    Do they want to protect him, ruble?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 September 2018 12: 04
      0
      Here the joke is that the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, in the conditions of the trade and financial war unleashed by "partners" in the West against Russia, for some unknown reason, frantically continues to try to play by the rules that were imposed on him by the IMF (when it has long been necessary to switch on the "emergency" methods "of the government of Primakov, Maslyukov, Gerashchenko"). Probably, they simply do not know how to do it differently, or they still hope that the ruble has chances to become a "clearing" currency ("CLS", as it is, even the Mexican peso, South African rand, Hungarian forint, but ..... not yuan wink) if the CBR will comply with the rules "recommended" by the IMF. So, for now, only this: http: //xn--b1ae2adf4f.xn--p1ai/article/50256-panicheskie-nastroeniya-itogi-nedeli.html? Utm_source = finobzor.ru sad
  14. _Ugene_
    _Ugene_ 9 September 2018 12: 44
    0
    The central bank and the Treasury have already taken small but significant steps to ease the pressure on the ruble: the first suspended its usual daily purchases of US dollars until next month, and the second canceled the last two weekly bond auctions, he stresses.
    and what is the result? the dollar is already almost 70 rubles, 69,91 at the close on Friday, at the end of July it was 62, and since the beginning of the year it has depreciated by more than 20%
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 September 2018 13: 03
      +1
      It's funny .... the termination (due to the absence of any demand) by the Treasury of the sale of bonds of the state loan is already issued as measures to stabilize the ruble .... wink
  15. Forestol
    Forestol 9 September 2018 14: 34
    -2
    You just need to understand the GOAL of our state. The Bolsheviks, dumping the fuck of the NEP, made a bunch of power plants, making energy and labor the cheapest, creating collective farms, freeing a bunch of peasants from slave labor, driving them into the city, created a bunch of factories, adopted an industrialization program, and so on. The goal was, in a completely hostile environment, to make a viable state. The 90s was the goal of plundering state property, taking grandmas abroad, and living on rent. Today, having received a bailout, our rulers remembered sovereign Russia. But no one handed over private real estate abroad, the bank cells of the heads of the FSB, the Foreign Intelligence Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs did not return from abroad, what was the purpose then? Wait for the arrival of Western forces?
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 9 September 2018 15: 19
      -1
      The overthrow of the NEP was the Bolsheviks' biggest mistake. "Freeing a bunch of peasants from slave labor" - Transferring them to hunger and the same impoverished existence as well as replacing money with workdays, in the further procession the death of the village as such - until now, there are private farms in the villages, but they are no longer can compete with agricultural holdings.
      1. stalkerwalker
        stalkerwalker 9 September 2018 15: 26
        0
        Quote: Vadim237
        Stalling the NEP was the biggest mistake of the Bolsheviks.

        In ....
        This is how Rykov spoke to Bukharin. Who needs this "industrialization"? Let us live peacefully, with surplus grain (which the peasant never wanted to give away for free) we will feed the whole world, as under the tsar-father. And everything will be in "chocolate" .... lol
        But Stalin (the villain just the same!) Took, and sent the surplus peasant hands to the factories under construction. And by the end of the 30's, the country possessed some kind of industry.
        Otherwise, in 41 they would have met a German with a mosin from a royal warehouse, and a three-inch with a maxim in addition.
        Further, I hope there is no point in telling - the smart one will understand, and not the smart one ...... laughing
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 9 September 2018 17: 59
          -2
          He had to do industrialization at 25, when there was still no Great Depression in the West, it was possible to take out loans, I believe that even without rural spreading, dispossession - industrialization could be done in 13 years, a lot could be done. 41 with a "Mosinka" and met - in the first month of fighting lost 12000 tanks, 1700 aircraft, 19000 artillery pieces.
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 9 September 2018 18: 49
            0
            Quote: Vadim237
            He needed to do industrialization in 25, when there was still no great depression in the west, loans could be taken, I believe that even without the rural spree, dispossessed, industrialization could be done in 13 years

            Would you, perhaps, have studied the history of the country ... belay
            In 25, Comrade Trotsky was eager to continue the work of the World Revolution in the flesh, using the newly created USSR as a material and technical base, and human resources as an expendable material, creating the so-called labor camps. Or, in other words, what his followers Pol Pot and Yeng Sari did half a century later in Cambodia.
            But, you, my friend, amused me ..... good
            It’s good to be a couch general and look for mistakes in the actions of the country's leadership at each historical stage of development. lol
            Quote: Vadim237
            But how not to twist a German in 41 with a "mosinka" and met - in the first month of fighting lost 12000 tanks, 1700 aircraft, 19000 artillery pieces.

            Per month? Not in a week or a year of battles?
            Learn the materiel ...
            1. Vadim237
              Vadim237 9 September 2018 20: 49
              -2
              Steel the same continued this policy, so there were no problems with the start of industrialization in the year 25 - but the guys were busy with the internal struggle with each other. As for the losses of the Red Army in the first month of the war - I made a mistake, here are the official numbers - The losses of the Red Army on July 10 were 815 people, 700 guns and mortars, 21 aircraft and 500 tanks - you certainly did not know this.
              1. stalkerwalker
                stalkerwalker 9 September 2018 21: 02
                0
                Quote: Vadim237
                you didn’t know for sure.

                Wasserman? belay Sorry, not recognizable .... laughing
                Quote: Vadim237
                Steel the same continued this policy, so that there were no problems with the beginning of industrialization in the 25 year - but the guys were busy with the internal struggle with each other.

                Quote: stalkerwalker
                Learn the materiel ...

                They would be silent - they would have taken it for the clever ... hi
                1. Vadim237
                  Vadim237 10 September 2018 00: 27
                  -2
                  That's just the point - you would be silent already.
  16. fif21
    fif21 9 September 2018 16: 20
    -1
    China low yuan brought the United States to hysteria! The result - the yuan became the IMF reserve currency. In Russia, salaries and pensions are not paid in dollars.
    The question is how to reverse the trend "Russia buys currency, Russia sells its rubles to Russia." The Americans, British, Europeans, Chinese, Japanese have turned their money into a commodity, Russia has not yet. hi
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 9 September 2018 16: 58
      +1
      How to "reverse the trend"? An interesting question. To understand it, you need to understand how the modern international financial system developed (it is also called Breton Woods, but this is not entirely true). It developed under the conditions of DOMINATION. That is, at a time when, after the Second World War, the Anglo-Saxon world dominated most of the planet on the one hand, and on the other, the USSR tried to dominate the rest. Accordingly, both of these poles built their financial systems, and since they took place in conditions of DOMINATION, everything that was done by the USA and the USSR was accepted without reservations and special disputes. Those marching against (like de Gaulle) removed mercilessly. Accordingly, these financial systems were tied to their own "pole of power", that is, the "pole of power" developed the rules of the game for its system, incurred the main costs of creating and maintaining the system and, accordingly, received the greatest preferences when using it. With the collapse of the USSR, one pole was completely destroyed and only one American pole remained. Accordingly, Russia had to integrate into the American system. Now Russia is embedded in it and has to play by American rules. It is impossible to break these rules from within the system. We need to break the system. How? Create a pole as opposed to the American one? Based on China? It will not work, because China itself was embedded in the same system. You can integrate with China and several other countries and create your own "pole" of power with your own rules, but .... it is difficult, costly, and very difficult because, firstly, they will interfere strongly, and secondly, it will be difficult to agree , who will be the "boss" in this alliance .... and thirdly .... yes, all this is outdated .... all these "poles of power" are constant bickering, friction, rivalry, crises, etc. ... and the world financial system itself remains not developed by us, we can correct it a little, but all the same we will have to create something parallel according to the same schemes, shake it down, etc., that is: difficult, confusing, costly and unreliable. So what is the way out? And there is only one way out, and for Russia it is the most optimal - to destroy the world financial system altogether, to hell with its clearing (fiat) currencies, exchanges and other crap and create a new system of direct transactions based on the "block chain" under the control of a quantum computer and cryptocurrencies with direct conversion (bypassing exchanges). This will be a blow! A real world revolution killing banks, stock exchanges, SWIFT, the world economic "Mui Ne" called "economic science" and other rubbish, which has been so lovingly fostered for so many years by the world "financial and industrial tycoons". And there is all the data that in Russia they saw this path and began to slowly move along it ... wink
      1. atalef
        atalef 9 September 2018 17: 11
        -4
        Quote: Snail N9
        But there is only one way out, and for Russia it is the most optimal, to destroy the global financial system in general

        Can’t you tear your pants?
        In 2000-2008 there was an increase in the share of Russia's GDP in global GDP by PPP from 3,28% to 3,95%. In 2009, there was a fall to 3,66% and in 2010, to 3,63%. Further, during 2011-2012. there was a slight increase to 3,68%. From 2013 to 2017, the share of Russia's GDP in world PPP GDP was constantly decreasing and amounted to 2017 in. 3,16%.
      2. fif21
        fif21 9 September 2018 17: 56
        0
        Quote: Snail N9
        But there’s only one way out, and for Russia it’s the most optimal, to destroy the global financial system to hell in general

        There are at least 3 exit options from any situation. wassat
        Why can't Russia sell its goods for rubles? Where will the "damned bourgeois" get them? On the Russian Currency Exchange! If a product is needed, it will be bought, an example is the situation with Russian rocket engines. hi
        1. Snail N9
          Snail N9 9 September 2018 18: 48
          0
          Because there are the same offers on other exchanges in clearing currencies (hard currency). Why bother with rubles if there are offers in more convenient currencies? If you buy in rubles, then first you need to buy rubles on the exchange (you also need to find the amount that you need). Just because no one will keep rubles because it is not hard currency. That is, rubles is no one needs gimor. Well, it is more profitable for our state to sell its goods in hard currency, because the state always needs a hard currency. Selling in rubles is only from hopelessness from sanctions.
  17. afrikanez
    afrikanez 9 September 2018 17: 16
    0
    While the LADIES are in power, we have practically no chance. Everything was bought "before us" "
  18. Sotskiy
    Sotskiy 9 September 2018 20: 48
    +1
    Russia has the opportunity to protect its national currency thanks to an increased gold and foreign exchange reserve and one of the lowest levels of public debt in the world, Bloomberg writes.

    Foreigners in their repertoire, everyone is looking for a rational grain in Russian economic policy.
    It is immediately evident that they did not hear anything about F. I. Tyutchev and naturally did not read anything, but it was necessary to "understand" Russian realities, especially in today's realitylol
    I recall:
    Mind does not understand Russia,
    No yardstick to measure:
    She has a special feature -
    You can only believe in Russia. fellow
    But with faith, it’s been true lately that something has already been strained in Russia itself ... request
  19. l7yzo
    l7yzo 10 September 2018 13: 58
    0
    As long as our banks don’t stop playing on the currency and the main bank protects it all. NOTHING to change. The theft of folk remedies and accumulations does not stop. Already like a lazy current did not talk about it.