According to the old memory (and the hands for a long time remember what the head forgot!) It seemed to me very comfortable to hold it in my hands. He also did not seem to me. True, in this case he was without cartridges and without a bayonet.
But then I got into a special school, started learning English from the second grade, and very soon read the inscription “Winchester Model 1895” on it. So the gun was American ?! And then, on the screens of our cinemas, the GED movie “Sons of the Great Bear” went, well, that's all - I understood how really lucky I was. And my grandfather, when I asked him about it, then told me that the hard drive was given to him in 1918, when he, as the head of the food squad, was collecting bread in the villages. Then he perestvolil under hunting cartridges, and so he stayed with him, to me as a souvenir. Then, when the laws on weapons in the USSR were tightened, I had to sell it, but ... I still have the memory of the “first gun” and shooting from it.
Full ammunition: Winchester, clip and bayonet. Is that the belt is missing.
And when, once again, my friend, a collector of weapons, called me and invited me to “that same hard drive”, I immediately went to see him, I really wanted to hold it in my hands. And hold it! And I took the whole picture, as far as the conditions of outside photography allowed. So our series, as you can see, has already reached the number “25”. In my opinion, it's just great that I managed to tell about such a large number of rifles, even if not for all of them, I, unfortunately, managed to hold on. “Buy it,” I say, “Mondragon’s rifle, I really want to dig in it!” “Do you know its price?!” Followed his answer, so how was it with the hard drive? we can hardly meet her. However, on the story about her was.
That's how it looks in full growth.
So, what was the American Winchester M1895 magazine rifle with reloading using a lever lock developed by the famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning and taken into production by the Winchester company in 1895 year? It was prepared for the competition for the best rifle for the National Guard, which was held in 1896 year. However, the first place on it was taken by a gun from the company “Vavidzh”, which presented the original design, which was also controlled by a lever, but ... with a drum shop - Savage Model 1895. The Winchester rifle took only second place. After being hurt, the Winchesters accused the organizers of the contest of tampering with the results and succeeded - the National Guard recalled the contract for the supply of rifles, but did not receive an order for the hard drives of the company!
The receiver, the trigger that had to be cocked before each shot, the guides for the holder and the famous "Henry brace."
In an effort to interest potential buyers, "Winchester" has developed several models of rifles for different cartridges, as an army sample, and for hunting big game. And it is interesting that for quite a long time of its production, and the M1895 of the year was produced from 1895 to 1940 year, its modifications appeared for a variety of cartridges, including 6 mm USN, .30 Army, .30-03, .30-06, .303 British, 7,62 × 54 mm R, .35 Winchester, .38-72 Winchester, .40-72 Winchester and .405 Winchester. The variant Winchester .50 express, which was custom-made by US President Theodore Roosevelt, is also known.
Normal frame sight.
The M1895 rifle was the first rifle offered by Winchester, which had a box-shaped rather than its traditional tubular magazine under the barrel, with a box-shaped store of central location, and not with a tubular barrel-mounted magazine. The new store made it possible to safely use powerful central-ignition rifle cartridges with a pointed-pointed bullet, which was completely impossible when using the old tubular magazine because of the possibility of nipping the previous cartridge with a subsequent bullet. Well, since cartridges with pointed bullets appeared, this design of the store was not suitable for them.
Mount for bayonet and front swivel.
This model has become the most powerful rifle in the range of Winchester rifles, but it is considered that this attempt was not very successful, as the M1895 retained all the main design solutions of the previous generation, and the times have already changed. And, by the way, the M1895 was the last rifle with a shutter drive from the “Henry Brace”, which was developed by John Browning. He no longer engaged in such weapons!
The shutter is open.
History М1895 is quite interesting, and she, too, in general, had a chance to make war. First, the US Army placed an order for the 10 thousand. M1895 caliber .30 / 40 Krag to test it during the Spanish-American War. But the war ended earlier than the first batch of these rifles arrived at the place of use. This batch of rifles was marked with the “.30 US Army” stamp above the chamber, and all of them had a bayonet similar to that of the M1895 Lee Navy rifle. Then a hundred M1895 was handed over to the 33 Volunteer Infantry Regiment for testing in combat during the Philippine-American War (interestingly, the 25 December report from 1899 emphasized that the .30 / 40 Krag was very good for the army). But the remaining 9900 rifles were sold to the M. Harley Company, which in turn sold them to Cuba in 1906, from where they came to Mexico, where ... the insurgents of the peasant general Pancho Villa really liked it!
Store feeder and cartridge fed into the barrel.
When, during the First World War, emissaries of the tsarist government set off around the world in search of rifles, this model, which the company promised to produce in the required quantities, turned out to be most welcome. During the period from 1915 to 1917, about 300 thousand M1895 rifles were ordered for the Russian Imperial Army. It was a very big order and, of course, he brought this firm a lot of revenue. Although the requirements of the Russian side in the design of the rifle had to make a number of changes. First of all, it was necessary to change the barrel under the bullet of the Russian 7,62 × 54 mm R cartridge, replace the chamber and the magazine. The second important change was the two guides mounted on the receiver, which were necessary so that the magazine could be equipped with standard Mosin M1891 rifle clips. In addition, the rifles, issued for Russia, had a slightly elongated barrel and mount for the bayonet. Accordingly, the increased length of the trunk made it necessary to lengthen and forearm. That is, if we consider that all the M1895 rifles were made 426 thousand (from 1895 to 1931 year), and almost 300 thousand were made under the Russian cartridge, it is not surprising that such rifles are still found, as we have in Russia, and abroad! However, in Russia, however, the entire order did not get, and was delivered from 291 to 293 thousands of rifles, which were used during the First World War and during the Civil War.
Of course, it is purely psychologically very strange when, when reloading, a rifle in this way is “decomposed” in your hands. Unusually it somehow ...
It is believed that if you compare the Mosin rifle and the Winchester M1895 rifle, the latter will have a slightly higher rate of fire just due to reloading with the “Henry Bracket”, even though the trigger had to be manually manually recharged each time. However, the M1895 rifles, according to experts, were somewhat more sensitive to contamination, and reloading them with the “Henry brace” in the prone position, as well as in the trench, was rather difficult. The mass of the American rifle was 4,1 kg, length - 1100 mm, with a barrel length 710 mm. Accordingly, the weight of the “trilinea” was equal to 4,5 kg, the length of the infantry rifle was 1306 mm, the length of the barrel 729 mm (infantry). That is, ours was a little longer and heavier, but it was superior to the “American” in reliability and serviceability.
Upper barrel pad on the trunk is missing. Surely the Americans decided to save on wood ?!
Interestingly, the Americans delivered the first batch of rifles later than the appointed date, since the conversion of the rifle to the standards of the Russian army required more work than expected. For some reason, the development of such a seemingly simple part as guides for the Moscow cage, which were fastened to the receiver with screws, turned out to be especially difficult.
The butt and the neck of the butt are traditional in shape and very comfortable.
But what is the mark on the butt (the second on the receiver), experts argue so far. It is believed that this is the stigma of the Russian military acceptance, but is it not known for sure.
This is the stigma on the receiver on the right.
In addition, Winchester considered that the Russian military inspectors were too picky: they required standard tests for the imperial army (although they passed the tests at the manufacturing company), as well as tests using cartridges made in Russia, and not in the US . A number of rifles, they rejected because of the low, as stated, the quality of the wood rifle used to make the box. All this was considered by the Americans as unreasonable demands, but the rifles were nonetheless accepted by our side and in the USA they were sold to civilians.
Well, here everything about this rifle is written, where it was released, by whom and when, as well as what number it has. Conveniently…
МХNUMX rifles, which entered Russia, in the imperial Russian army went into service with the troops stationed in the Baltic States and in Finland, in particular, they were used by parts of the Latvian riflemen. It is estimated that at least nine thousand USSR M1895 survivors from that time sent the Republican government to 1895 by way of military aid to Spain.
The handle of the bayonet with a button stop on the head.
Up to the stop, that is, up to the very fly, we were unable to put on the bayonet, apparently, time affects even the “pieces of iron”. As you can see, the bayonet is mounted on the M1895 under the barrel, but I personally don’t like such a bayonet mount, although it is quite widespread. The fact is that in such a position of the blade, it is good to prick the stomach, but between the ribs it may not pass and the injury will be superficial. It was necessary nevertheless to provide for mounting from the side, so that the blade of the bayonet lay flat. Then he will enter life without difficulty, and between the ribs ...
When it comes to the M1895 hunting modifications, they usually recall such an American president as Theodore Roosevelt, who simply adored this rifle and traveled with her on safari to Africa in 1909 year. But it was also used by many other famous hunters, such as Marty and Osa Johnson, Charles Kottar, writer Stephen Edward White, Garrit Forbes and Elmer Keith, who advised her future president Roosevelt.
It seemed to me that the bayonet rifle certainly influences the balance, but not very much.
Recharging it, wielding this very "Henry brace" is not at all easy. As a child, I adored doing this, playing “warts”, lying on the floor at home ... on a soft carpet. And I was very uncomfortable, I had to roll on my side! And what was it like for soldiers in overcoats on the ground to do under the fire of the German Mauser ?!
In Africa, Roosevelt used two M1895 (both for the .405 Winchester cartridges) and bought two more for his son: one for the same cartridge and the other for the .30-03 Springfield). In his memoirs, Roosevelt called these rifles his "talisman of lions" and rated them very highly. Interestingly, in honor of the 100 anniversary of the anniversary of President Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency, Winchester released special commemorative rifles chambered for .405 Winchester, .30-06 Springfield and .30-40 Krag. And in 2009, two rifles were made in memory of his famous African safari. Moreover, although the marks on them were Browning and Winchester, they were made by the Japanese company Miroku Corp.
Winchester advertising poster. The top sample, just the one that was with my grandfather. Only not firm, but peredelny.