Tankman's Day

Every second Sunday of September in Russia celebrate Tanker Day. As known, tank troops are one of the foundations of modern ground forces. In Russia and the Soviet Union, tank forces have always been very numerous, millions of Soviet and Russian men of all ages have served in them. The contribution of tank forces to the victory of our people in the Great Patriotic War is very significant - it was they who became one of the locomotives for the defeat of Nazi Germany. During the Cold War, huge tank armies served as one of the key deterrents to a potential adversary - NATO troops in Europe.




The Day of the Tankman as a professional holiday of the branch of service was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from July 11 of 1946. Thus, the Soviet leadership wanted to note the particularly prominent role of armored and mechanized troops in defeating Nazi Germany and its allies. Until 1980, the Day of the tanker was celebrated on September 11 - in memory of the tremendous success of the Soviet tank forces during the East Carpathian operation. Then the Day of the tanker began to celebrate every second Sunday of September. This year, it fell on September 9. The leadership of post-Soviet Russia did not change the date of the holiday.

History Russian tank forces are inextricably linked with the Soviet period in the life of the country. It was at that time that not only the first tanks appeared in the country, but all the foundations were laid for the creation and full-fledged functioning of the tank forces as a separate branch of troops. Of course, the first armor forces appeared somewhat earlier - in the Russian Empire, before the start of the First World War. They consisted of armored vehicles, armed with machine guns, then there were also armored trains. By the time of the October Revolution, there were about 300 armored vehicles in the old Russian army. The tsarist government placed an order for the production of tanks in France, but because of the revolutionary events that had begun, the order was canceled.

But it was during the Civil War that the command of the Red Army was preoccupied with the rapid growth in the number of armored trains and armored vehicles and the release of the first own armored cars. In January, 1918 created the Central Council of Armored Units ("Centrobron"), whose competence included the management of all armored units of the RSFSR. 30 August 1918 of the year on the basis of "Centrobroni" was formed "Central Armored Administration" (CBU). At that time, “Centrobron” and the CBU were subordinated to the Main Military Engineering Directorate of the Red Army. Already in May, 1918 in Moscow began to train commanders for the armored units of the Red Army in Moscow in a special school - so, despite the political chaos in the country, the new government took care of increasing the combat capability of its armed forces.



A landmark event in the history of the armored forces of the Soviet state occurred in March 1919. In the battle with the French invaders, units of the 2 of the Ukrainian Soviet division captured several French Renault FT-17 tanks. Of these, the first tank unit in Russia was created - the armored division attached to the Council of People’s Commissars of Soviet Ukraine. In April, the captured tank 1919 even arrived in Moscow to participate in the parade, and the initiator of his arrival was made personally by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who took the prospects for the development of a new kind of military force very seriously.

Then, on the basis of this unit, the Red Army Tank Squadron, consisting of the captured British Mark V tanks, was created in 1922. These episodes, by the way, also testify to the high morale and victories of the Red Army, which were able to capture modern military equipment from better armed invaders . It is noteworthy that at that time tank units were called squadrons.

In the years 1920-1921. at the famous Sormovsky plant in Nizhny Novgorod, the first Soviet KS-1 tank was put into serial production. In total, 15 cars were produced in the aforementioned years. All of them were an almost complete copy of the French Renault FT-17 tanks (Renault FT-17) captured in Ukraine. What can you do, your experience in developing tanks was not there then, and the time was difficult. The fact of the start of mass production of tanks in a country devastated by the Civil War is amazing in itself. Each tank released in the KS-1 series had its own name - like ships fleet. So, there were tanks with revolutionary names - “Karl Marx”, “Freedom Fighter Comrade Lenin”, “Leo Trotsky”, “Karl Liebknecht”, etc., were with historical Russian ones - “Ilya Muromets”. It was with KS-1 that the history of tank construction began in our country, and the tanks assembled in Russia entered the arsenal of the Red Army.

Tankman's Day


In 1928, the mass production of the first unique Soviet tank MC-1 (T-18) began. In total, 959 tanks of this design were produced, and in 1929, they were first used in a real battle during events on the CER. At the same time, in the 1929 year, the Central Directorate of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army was created, which took command of the mechanized troops. In the 1930, the 1 th mechanized brigade included a tank regiment of 110 tanks, and already in the 1932 year two mechanized corps were formed - the 11 and 45. For a fairly short time, the growth of mechanized troops was simply impressive. So, only in the 45 case there were 1932 tanks in the 500 year. In 1937, the Central Directorate for the Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army was given a new name - the Armored Directorate Directorate (and later in the Main Armored Directorate Directorate) of the Red Army. Thus, for the first time, a branch of the army appeared, called the armored troops. By the end of 1937, the Red Army already consisted of entire 4 tank corps, 24 separate light and 4 heavy tank brigades. By this time the armored troops commander-in-chief Dmitry Pavlov was in command.

At the end of the 1930-s, the first serious combat experience of the Soviet tank crews also falls. Tank units took part in the battles at Lake Hassan in 1938, on the Khalkhin Gol River in 1939, in the Soviet-Finnish War in 1939-1940, and also in the Spanish Civil War, to which volunteers from the Soviet military were deployed. . The leadership of the country at that time paid great attention to the development of tank forces, which were considered as a strike force in the offensive operations of the Red Army. It was 1930-s that became the first truly productive decade in the history of the national tank building and tank forces.



In those years, being a tanker was no less prestigious than a pilot or military sailor. Hundreds of thousands of Soviet boys dreamed of serving in the new branch of the army, which seemed so interesting and impressive compared to the "traditional" infantry. As the number of armored troops grew, so did the capabilities of the Soviet recruits to get into the tank crews. Although, given the design of the then tanks, their technical features, the service of the tanker was very complicated and dangerous. For the training of commanders of the tank forces, the Military Academy of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army (VAMM RKKA) named after I. Stalin was created on the basis of the Faculty of Mechanization and Motorization of the Military Technical Academy named after F. Dzerzhinsky and the Moscow Automobile and Tractor Institute named after MV Lomonosov, as well as the Leningrad armored training courses for the commanders of the Red Army named after Comrade. Bubnov - on the basis of the former Military Avtobronevaya School with advanced training courses for the commanders of the Red Army, Kazan armored advanced training courses for the technical staff of KBTKUTS and a whole number of military schools - in Ulyanovsk, Orel, Kharkov, Minsk, Kazan, Kuibyshev, Saratov (two schools - 1-e Saratov Red Banner Armored School and 2-e Saratov Armored School), Borisov, Syzran, Chkalov, tank technical school in Kiev. In addition, command personnel for the armored troops at that time were trained in a number of automobile schools, two military tractor schools in Poltava and Bobruisk and in a special military school of communications for the armored troops in Ulyanovsk.

Thus, by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, armored armies became one of the mass families of the ground forces, which received great attention from the command of the Red Army and the country's top leadership. At the same time, tank building developed at a rapid pace - by the time the war broke out, the Red Army was superior to Hitler Germany in the total number of tanks. However, tank units suffered huge losses, both in technology and in personnel. Therefore, during the war years, the domestic tank building worked at such a pace as never before.



The contribution of tankers in World War II is huge and invaluable. A lot of books have been written about the exploits of the Soviet tankers, wonderful films have been made. Dmitry Lavrinenko, the guard lieutenant of the Red Army, was a real tanker ace. Over the month of 2,5, he destroyed the enemy's 52 tank. Unfortunately, Dmitry Lavrinenko died at the very beginning of the war - in December 1941. The greatest tank battle of the twentieth century was the battle of Kursk, in which thousands of tanks from the Red Army and the Wehrmacht took part. During the war, many Soviet tankers were awarded orders and medals, received the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Soviet tank crews participated in the Victory Parade on Red Square. Immediately after the war, a large number of tank units and subunits were deployed in Eastern Europe, since the Soviet command then considered tank troops as the main force in offensive operations and continued to increase the power of tank armies.

In 1953, the armored troops troops were renamed as armored troops and had this name for seven years - until the 1960 year. Under this name, Soviet tank crews participated in a pacification operation in Budapest. In 1960, the armored forces were renamed tank forces. By the beginning of the 1960's. in the western direction, 8 tank armies were concentrated, including 4 of them on the territory of the GDR, as part of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. The number of tanks in the SA to the middle 1980's. was 53, 3 thousand tanks. At the same time, the tank-building industry continued to work at an accelerated pace, releasing more and more tanks. The main CA tanks at that time were T-64, T-72, T-80.

In July, 1980, a large-scale reform of the tank forces was carried out. Since that time, the post of the head of the tank forces was abolished, which in fact meant the cessation of the existence of tank forces as an independent branch of the land forces. The main armored vehicle control department deals only with the supply of military equipment to the troops, the supervision of its operation, and the organization of repairs. As for tank formations, they are directly subordinate to the command of military districts.

In the 1990-s, in connection with the collapse of the USSR and the implementation of agreements on arms reduction, the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Eastern Europe, the number of tanks and tank units and formations was reduced at a very rapid pace. Tank troops were one of those types of troops, which are most noticeably reduced in number. Many officers - tankers were forced to go to other branches of the army, to the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, or to leave military service "to a citizen." Significantly reduced the number of educational institutions, graduating officers for tank forces. By 2005, the number of tanks in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation was reduced to 23 thousand, and in 2009, it was announced the need to reduce the number of tanks to 2 thousand units.

At the same time, today tank forces continue to be the main striking force of the country's land forces, although the number of tanks and the number of tank units and formations have declined very seriously. As of 2017, in Russia there were 3030 tanks in service and more than 10 thousand in storage, which is more than the number of tanks in the American army.
As for tankers, many of today's top-level commanders and top-level leaders of the RF Armed Forces left them. The tanker was, for example, Colonel-General Gennady Nikolaevich Troshev. 4 from the 7 chiefs of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation after 1992 came from among the tankers - Army General Viktor Petrovich Dubynin, Army General Mikhail Petrovich Kolesnikov, Army General Valery Vasilievich Gerasimov, Army General Anatoly Vasilievich Kvashnin. The tankman was Army General Nikolai Rogozhkin, who had been in command of the Interior Forces of the Russian Interior Ministry for almost 10 for years.

The importance of tank forces is indisputable today, and service in them is a serious test for both soldiers and officers. There are a lot of men in Russia who have served in tank units and formations of the Soviet and Armed Forces. "Military Review" congratulates all current and former tank crews, service veterans, as well as workers of the tank-building industry on the Day of Tankman.
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  1. izya top 9 September 2018 05: 38 New
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    happy holiday, fuel oil drinks
    1. Andrey Yuryevich 9 September 2018 06: 06 New
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      Quote: iza top
      happy holiday, fuel oil drinks

      I categorically join you! drinks
      1. Jolly oldster sailor 9 September 2018 09: 09 New
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        Yes, health to you, Uncles ... From a neighbor, past Chechnya, a separate hello !!!
        1. Tatyana 9 September 2018 13: 44 New
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          Wow 6 hours I am looking for a “VO” congratulatory article on Tanker Day to congratulate people on a wonderful professional holiday! So "hid" the article that I barely found it! It’s good that I decided to search the article for possible article names - and now I finally found it!

          Well, with the holiday of all involved in the legendary troops! drinks

          Happy Tankman Day! good
          Salute to everyone! Hooray!!! love hi

          Three tankers
          1. Tatyana 9 September 2018 13: 50 New
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            But it’s only a pity that in my new program for some reason all the pictures have not passed for a long time.

            Once again on a holiday, Country! Happy Tanker Day!
            Hurrah!

            Do not let the powerful diesel die out
            The armor shield will not falter.
            Good luck, strength, goodness, health
            Anyone who is called a tanker!

            March of Soviet tankmen
      2. thrush 9 September 2018 09: 11 New
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        Quote: iza top
        happy holiday, fuel oil drinks

        Quote: Andrew Y.
        Quote: iza top
        happy holiday, fuel oil drinks

        I categorically join you! drinks


        Gentlemen sincerely join you ... on a holiday !!!! .. someone said that helicopters are the souls of dead tanks .. a beautiful comparison
        1. Svarog51 9 September 2018 12: 18 New
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          Great, man hi Glad to see you again on the site. I heartily congratulate Tankista Day. drinks drinks drinks
          1. thrush 9 September 2018 13: 40 New
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            Thank you Seryoga ... all once again mazut brothers with a holiday



            1. Svarog51 9 September 2018 15: 37 New
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              Sanya, I’m specially collecting the “Tank Songs” folder. I try to evade foreign ones, because I don’t know the words of the translation. This one is clear without words.
    2. venik 9 September 2018 09: 37 New
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      Quote: iza top
      izya top

      ========
      Sorry Andrew !! It was I who accidentally "minus" you - I wanted to "+" and accidentally clicked on the "minus" (time-and-forth! fool ) ...
      You can answer me too!
      Wanted to join Congratulations! Moreover, the service of the guys is "not sugar" !!!
      PS Today I congratulate my friend. It was generally funny with him ... He is very short, but physically very strong. He dreamed of becoming a submariner (on an urgent basis) .... And when the "buyers" arrived, the tank officer immediately noticed him ... The guy was almost in tears: "they promised me to be a submariner!". And he came up, took over his shoulder: "No guy! You are not a submariner ... You -"tankman"!!! So he became a mechanic. Now - Proud! soldier
      1. thrush 9 September 2018 09: 51 New
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        Quote: venik
        You are not a submariner ... You are a "tanker"


        I have a mechanic driver Grisha Zarutsky had a worse story with him. He was a huge growth of 1,97. the marines tidied him up. but Grisha was a slobber in his life and a violator of military discipline, therefore, after taking the oath, he was written off to our tank battalion as punishment. so Grisha became a mechanical driver for me .. I climbed the poor fellow into the hatch, first I lowered one shoulder and then the second ... Grisha had to punish him and we began to work out the standard for landing, he howled like a wolf. and in the place of a mechanic, he sat on a gynecological chair - he barely fit. but the truth was incredibly strong, and even as a naive child he was, and therefore possessed terrible affection. therefore it came to laughter when he followed me everywhere on the heels. yes, and I was calmer .. Grisha didn’t fly ... of all the guys that only two of their mechanics passed through me, I remember clearly with whom they corresponded for a long time. laughing
      2. izya top 9 September 2018 12: 50 New
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        Quote: venik
        I accidentally "minus" you

        Well, okay request
        it suddenly dawned on me that the navy’s commander in chief is full today belay
        1. thrush 9 September 2018 14: 37 New
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          Quote: iza top
          Navy Commander-in-Chief today the glass is full


          Andrey is a set-off ... laughing laughing laughing

          Ukraine by land armored boat to the Sea of ​​Azov throws .. laughing laughing . so what about a submarine in the steppes of Ukraine - this is not a bike ... laughing laughing laughing
        2. venik 9 September 2018 15: 12 New
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          Quote: iza top
          it suddenly dawned on me that the navy’s commander-in-chief is today full of belay

          ========
          And this one, "how sideways" made a mess here? Is it a tanker? Although .... it seems - "everything is possible" ..... If the convicted scammers, without any kind of education, become "colonels" in the whole, then why shouldn't the "tanker" become the "admiral" ??? request
          1. izya top 9 September 2018 15: 42 New
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            Quote: venik
            And this one, "how sideways" made a mess here? Is it a tanker?

            exactly what yes
      3. beeper 9 September 2018 13: 24 New
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        hi No need to be sad! The error with the plus or minus is correctable (at least on the Android tablet), if immediately (without a “temporary backlash”) after an erroneous press, press the desired “plus or minus” - everything will return to normal, minus is minus, and plus will be added! wink
        I’m still on a related Topkor. Ru noticed empirically yes and on Topvar.ru also already corrected a random "wrong sign" smile
        Congratulations to the tank brothers on our Soviet holiday! drinks
        How many years have passed, and so it turns out, for the rest of my life I remembered that MT-16p engine oil is "We are Tankers, payday 16th" wink !
  2. serg.shishkov2015 9 September 2018 06: 02 New
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    I was born and live in a wakeful town, but the power of our army has always been represented by tanks for me! Happy holiday, men!
  3. Masya masya 9 September 2018 06: 10 New
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    Happy Holidays! love
    1. bouncyhunter 9 September 2018 08: 45 New
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      I join all the congratulations! drinks
  4. Nikolaevich I 9 September 2018 06: 17 New
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    4 months after the demobilization from the SA, I suddenly “thundered into mobut” to a separate tank battalion for three weeks ... I have a question for the people: do I have the right to “mark” Tanker’s Day as my own? what Despite the "quality" of the answer, all have a festive mood and good weather! drinks
    1. Svarog51 9 September 2018 15: 46 New
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      Nikolaitch, I welcome hi I’ve been guarding planes from the enemy for two years now and rightly celebrate Aviation Day. If I couldn’t defend them at night, where would they have taken off at dawn? So you, what a mess looms, I already know where you come and how to stock up on a dangerous period. good drinks drinks drinks
      1. Nikolaevich I 9 September 2018 17: 09 New
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        Hello, Sergey! I agree with you ... and therefore did not "complex" and pulled out the coveted nest egg- "Bagration"! fellow Wife from vacation has not returned yet, I have the right! laughing Armor is strong and our tanks are fast! drinks
        1. Svarog51 10 September 2018 04: 04 New
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          Wife from vacation has not returned yet, I have the right!

          Moreover, once the "home political officer" on vacation. good drinks

          I also wanted to insert a song, only in YouTube I did not find it. Here you can listen to this link: https://muzofond.fm/search/tri%20tankista%20gennady%20falcon
  5. Ales 9 September 2018 06: 34 New
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    Happy holiday dear tankers !!!!!
  6. andrewkor 9 September 2018 06: 49 New
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    My dad’s tankman is already post-war. In 1945, literate soldiers from the front were sent to military schools in whole echelons. So he reached Chelyabinsk and became a tankman. Then the North-Eastern Military Command, TurkVo, contusion in peacetime in addition to the front-line service in the Military Commissariat and in 1960 Reduction demobilization. I remember how he drove me, the small one, into the tank park, put me in the tank. I also remembered that everything inside was painted with white paint and the discs were still from the DT in the rack. It seems IS-3 was on the T-10, the SGMT was already on .
    There was a powerful military department of tank profile in Altai Polytechnic University, it touched a little, but thundered into the Army because of stupidity, that didn’t work out. And interest, reverence for the tankmen remained for life!
    Happy holiday to all involved!
  7. Sweetheart 9 September 2018 06: 59 New
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    Armor is strong and our tanks are fast!
    Tankers, from the heart. Happy Holiday!
  8. sagitch 9 September 2018 07: 41 New
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    It’s so good that the tank crew are calm that day like a purring tank engine.
    Or maybe with stuck tape, windshield, drive on a tractor or a jeep off-road?
  9. gla172 9 September 2018 08: 41 New
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    .... happy holiday guys !!!! soldier .... from the heart !!!!
  10. avia12005 9 September 2018 08: 42 New
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    Happy Tankman Day, Daddy ... 1-th Baltic and 1-th Far Eastern fronts.
    333-th separate Guards heavy tank-self-propelled artillery orders of Alexander Nevsky and the Red Banner of the Polotsk-Novobugsky regiment.


  11. Alekseev 9 September 2018 08: 51 New
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    Thank you all for your congratulations and I sincerely congratulate the tankers of all time and sympathize with them on the holiday!
    May our tank troops always be at their best, and success for the tankers!
    Hooray, brothers! drinks
  12. bubalik 9 September 2018 08: 58 New
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    Tankman's Day is an annual professional holiday for all members of the tank crew, as well as specialists who work in the field of tank construction.
    Happy holiday guys! drinks
  13. san4es 9 September 2018 09: 20 New
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    ... All tankers - Happy Holiday! Hooray!

  14. Conductor 9 September 2018 11: 22 New
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    From the artillery (not anti-tank) of all tankers on a holiday! Tanks are power.
  15. The leader of the Redskins 9 September 2018 13: 17 New
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    I think the beginning of the article is somewhat politically incorrect. Tanker Day is also celebrated in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, the Baltic States, etc. Everywhere where people served on the territory of the Great and the Mighty. Or did the Turkmen and the Georgian not jump in alarm against the vlyuki of one tank? With late, dear colleagues and colleagues !!!
  16. Linda 9 September 2018 13: 30 New
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    Tankmen, happy holiday to you! soldier drinks
    And - separate congratulations to the tankers of the "Military Review"!
    Good health, like armor, fighting mood and good luck! drinks
  17. Jack O'Neill 9 September 2018 13: 39 New
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    Happy Holidays!
    Let us glorify stone shells!
  18. Rusfaner 9 September 2018 16: 09 New
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    This is the version of the famous song that I heard from my uncle tanker as a child:
    https://youtu.be/tnl9oQkSZ6o
    I congratulate you!
  19. Hiller 9 September 2018 20: 37 New
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    All involved with the holiday! drinks
  20. tank66 9 September 2018 20: 52 New
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    Just returned from the guests - congratulated the 93-year-old veteran !!! Rudyuk Timofey Grigoryevich / if Che / -loading self-propelled guns -85 44-45 years. I used to fish with him - I joked about him for questioning. Right now, after a glass, I told a couple of cases. He was trained at the Chebarkul training course for 3 months, cuddled up with the crew, brought to Tankograd, showed to the workshop a bunch of sheets of metal with the “crew number” along which the boys crawled for 14-15 years with chalk making “patterns”. The "guide" said that after 7 days they would go to Saushka under their own power to load on the train. Deceived for 1 day. We went on the 6th day ..... Timofeyich remembered how they refueled alcohol near the Köningsberg from the pool / fuel storage of the Luftwaffe / in which drowned Mongolian horse guardsmen of 15-17 years floated /. How captured German units from boys 12-1 years old
    1. tank66 9 September 2018 21: 35 New
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      12-13 years old. Some kind of glitch. Figs with him.
      And we respect tankers,
      and in vain do not give offense,
      they’re throwing us into the breakthrough
      no matter how you turn around - a kayuk will come ..
      Happy holiday, brothers !!!!!!!!!
  21. sso-xnumx 9 September 2018 22: 08 New
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    By education - a military doctor, in the first post-secondary specialty - a tractor driver-driver of the 3rd class, took the military oath on 11.09.1980/XNUMX/XNUMX. I consider Tanker Day to be my second semi-professional holiday! The armor is strong and our tanks are fast !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  22. tank64rus 10 September 2018 14: 06 New
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    Happy Holidays!
  23. Doliva63 10 September 2018 18: 54 New
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    Quote: thrush
    Quote: venik
    You are not a submariner ... You are a "tanker"


    I have a mechanic driver Grisha Zarutsky had a worse story with him. He was a huge growth of 1,97. the marines tidied him up. but Grisha was a slobber in his life and a violator of military discipline, therefore, after taking the oath, he was written off to our tank battalion as punishment. so Grisha became a mechanical driver for me .. I climbed the poor fellow into the hatch, first I lowered one shoulder and then the second ... Grisha had to punish him and we began to work out the standard for landing, he howled like a wolf. and in the place of a mechanic, he sat on a gynecological chair - he barely fit. but the truth was incredibly strong, and even as a naive child he was, and therefore possessed terrible affection. therefore it came to laughter when he followed me everywhere on the heels. yes, and I was calmer .. Grisha didn’t fly ... of all the guys that only two of their mechanics passed through me, I remember clearly with whom they corresponded for a long time. laughing

    In general, I once had a Negro mech-water - from memory, they called Abubakar Diant. laughing Rostov Region, Cossack Camps, tank regiment. In winter the poor fellow froze, because the largest tanker on it didn’t reach the boots laughing
    And the West was afraid of our tanks no less than our missiles. drinks