Military Review

2 September - The Day of the End of the Second World War

26
September 2 in Russia and in many other countries of the world marks the end of World War II. On that day exactly 73 a year ago, the Surrender Act of Japan was signed on board the American battleship Missouri, which officially ended the worst war in stories of humanity. Japan's capitulation was signed on September 2 in 9: 02 by Tokyo time (4: 02 Moscow time), from the Soviet side the document was signed by Lieutenant-General Kuzma Nikolaevich Derevianko. For the USSR, which, together with other allies, accepted the surrender of Japan, this document became an act of implementing the agreements of the Yalta 1945 conference of the year regarding returning to Soviet sovereignty of South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.


With the signing of the Surrender Act of Japan, the war officially ended, becoming the largest armed conflict in the history of mankind. The conflict, which lasted six years - from 1 September 1939 of the year to 2 September of 1945, pulled the 62 countries of the world from the 73 countries that officially existed at that time, into the territory of these countries, lived 80% of the world's population. During the war, fighting was conducted in Europe, in Asia and Africa, as well as in the waters of all oceans. Direct hostilities were fought on the territory of 40 states. During the war years, 110 million people were mobilized into the armed forces of howling countries. Total human losses are estimated at 60-65 million people, 27 million of them died at the front. According to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union lost in the terrible war 26,6 million of its citizens, including irretrievable military losses amounted to about 12 million people.

2 September - The Day of the End of the Second World War
USSR representative KN Derevyanko (second from left) is present when signing the Japan surrender act. At the microphone, General D. MacArthur

One more fact can be added to this terrible statistical information. The Second World War remains the only armed conflict in which nuclear weapon. 6 and 9 August 1945, Americans dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The victims of these bombings were from 90 to 166 to thousands of Hiroshima residents and from 60 to 80 to thousands of Nagasaki residents.

On August 8, 1945, the USSR, in accordance with the decision of the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences, officially joined the Potsdam Declaration of 1945 and declared war on Japan. At the final stage of World War II, the Red Army carried out a brilliant strategic offensive operation in terms of organization and results (August 9 - September 2, 1945). The main objective of this operation was the defeat of the largest unit of the Japanese ground forces - the Kwantung Army, the liberation from the Japanese of the northern and northeastern provinces of China (Manchuria and Inner Mongolia), the Liaodong Peninsula, Korea, as well as the elimination of the bridgehead of aggression and the large military-economic base of Japan in Of Asia. Against the Japanese Kwantung army, which included about 700 thousand people, the troops of the Trans-Baikal, 1st and 2nd Far Eastern fronts were concentrated, consisting of more than 1,5 million people. They acted in collaboration with the Soviet Pacific fleet, Amur military flotilla and troops of the Mongolian People's Republic.


Soviet troops went on the offensive on August 9, 1945, the next day Mongolia entered the war against Japan. The Soviet Air Force attacked Japanese military installations located in Jilin (Jilin), Harbin and Changchun, as well as areas of concentration of troops, communications and enemy communications centers in the border zone. The ships of the Pacific Fleet, entering the Sea of ​​Japan, were able to cut the communications that connected the territory of Manchuria and Korea with Japan. Aviation and naval artillery attacked the Japanese naval bases located in Yuki, Racine, and Seishin.

The units and subunits of the Trans-Baikal Front were able to rapidly overcome the waterless desert steppe areas and the mountain range of the Great Khingan, defeating the enemy's forces in the Kalgan, Solun and Hailar areas. By 18-19 August 1945, they reached the approaches to the most important administrative and industrial centers of Manchuria. From 18 to 27 in August, the Soviet command conducted a series of airborne assault forces, which were landed in Jilin, Mukden, Port Arthur, Harbin, Changchun, Pyongyang and other cities. 18 August Kuril landing operation began, during which Soviet troops occupied the Kuril Islands. At the same time, the main fighting on the continent lasted only 12 days - on August 20, when Japanese troops began to surrender en masse. A day earlier, in Mukden, Soviet troops captured the emperor of the puppet state of Manzhou-Go Pu Yi, this state was formed by the Japanese military administration in Manchuria.


With the defeat of the Kwantung Army and the loss of an important military and economic base on the territory of Northeast China and North Korea, Japan finally lost all the strength and opportunity to continue the war. The Red Army achieved a crushing victory in the Far East, the main fighting ended in 12 days. In total, the Japanese and their allies lost more than 700 thousands of soldiers and officers, of whom up to 84 thousands were killed and more than 640 thousands of prisoners. Soviet casualties in the battles with Japan amounted to 36,5 thousand people, including killed and missing 12 thousand people.

Today is September 2 - Russia’s memorial date is the end of World War II. It was established on the basis of the Federal Law 23 of July 2010 of the Year “On Amendments to the 1.1 Article of the Federal Law“ On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia ”in memory of compatriots who showed heroism, dedication, dedication to their Homeland and allied duty to countries - members of the anti-Hitler coalition in the implementation of the decision of the Crimean (Yalta) conference of the 1945 year in Japan.

Based on materials from open sources
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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 2 September 2018 07: 04
    +5
    A date worth remembering and honoring as a symbol of the ability of the nations of the world to come together to solve the most complex tasks of peace
    1. apro
      apro 2 September 2018 07: 49
      +3
      This date when the USSR became a great power. It became the second global player in the world. It got its zone of influence.
      And no one didn’t unite, everyone solved their tasks.
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 2 September 2018 08: 59
        +10
        Quote: apro
        ... became second global player in the world ...

        Why second then? In my first. We had the most powerful army. We were the first to cancel the card system, which indicates an efficient economy. The launch of the first satellite speaks of the most advanced science. The peoples of the world took an example from us. The labor movement grew in the struggle for their rights. Communist parties were organized in many countries .. The World Colonial System collapsed ... etc ..
        We were the first!
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 3 September 2018 11: 41
        0
        Quote: apro
        And nobody skem not aboutunited

        What is the anti-Hitler coalition?
  2. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 2 September 2018 07: 50
    +2
    It's a shame that the end of World War 2 smoothly grew into a cold war and a series of local conflicts. As a result, a lot of dough (not to mention human lives) was spent on the development and production of weapons, instead of medicine and space exploration and the oceans.
  3. bubalik
    bubalik 2 September 2018 08: 46
    +6
    ,,, in connection with the article, I was looking through the site "memory of the people", I came across an interesting document that actually amazed me ,,, the attitude towards prisoners of war, especially point No. 3.
    That's where, in which the army was the same attitude to the prisoners of war of the Red Army ??
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 2 September 2018 11: 19
      +6
      Yes, nowhere. The captured Amer, who was led by the Germans in a convoy of "Western" prisoners, threw a pack of cigarettes to the Soviet comrades in misfortune, whom the Germans were leading in an oncoming column. After the Nazis beat the Red Army man who caught this pack, the American wrote in his diary the phrase that later became known;
      I forgive the Russians in advance for everything they do with Germany.
      1. Sweetheart
        Sweetheart 2 September 2018 11: 30
        +2
        Quote: Krasnodar
        I forgive the Russians in advance for everything they do with Germany.

        The opinion of this amer ...
        But this is precisely the opinion of the establishment of America, the cannibalistic frank opinion.
        "T.K. Kaufman (a journalist from the Jewish Chronicle, an acquaintance of one of Roosevelt's closest advisers, S. Roseman) published the book" Germany must perish! "In two (!) Editions. In it he proposed to divide the territory of Germany between five countries and conduct sterilization of German men and women - 25 people per doctor per day, in 3 months all Germans had to be sterilized, and in 60 years the German nation had to disappear.The article was widely discussed in the USA.

        Someone will say: it’s not enough that a half-crazy Jewish Germanophobe could write there ... But here is what US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt said to Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau in 1944 (the latter recorded this in his diary): “We need to either castrate the entire German population "or treat them in such a way that they are no longer able to produce people who are able to continue to do the same thing." Even the Nazis in their plan “Ost” of the destruction of the Russian people did not talk about total castration ...
        ... In 1944, at the 2nd Quebec Conference, Roosevelt, Churchill and Morgenthau discussed the plan proposed by the latter. According to the plan, Germany was to undergo violent agrarianization, and its population was reduced to 25 million people, and a significant part of it was to be physically destroyed. "https://izborsk-club.ru/15622

        Hitlers come and go, and Germany and its people remain, the Russians thought so.
        officers and soldiers, civilian personnel of the GSVG, even remembering how much grief the Hitler regime of the USSR / Russia brought. nevertheless, when they did not think to destroy, to belittle. to insult the Germans as a people. Unlike the USA and England.
        And it’s not our fault in the mess that is going on in Europe. It’s not our fault that the Goethe nation turned into spirit-perverted perverts who had forgotten their great ancestors — Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen and Koch, Werner Heisenberg, Gottfried Leibniz, Georg Lichtenberg, Johannes Kepler, Max Bourne
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 2 September 2018 11: 40
          0
          As for sterilization - no one has seriously discussed this, but as for the division of Germany into many parts and its transformation into an agricultural country - that was. Stalin opposed this by saying the phrase you mentioned. The reason for this position of Vissarionitch was the Bolshevik ideology, according to which socialist Germany was much more important for the cause of the victory of the world revolution, than, in fact, Russia - i.e. all according to Marx.
          The Germans had a “Goering green folder” with plans to leave no more than 30 million people in the European territory of the USSR to serve the agricultural farm and industry, the rest to starve to death or relocate to the Urals. The remaining education was recommended to be limited to three classes, as well as free distribution of condoms for birth control ...
          1. Sweetheart
            Sweetheart 2 September 2018 11: 49
            -2
            Quote: Krasnodar
            nobody seriously discussed it,

            Do not skid tail for some cannibals. There is a sucker. Read about the future of the pro-Israeli lobby in the USA.
            Quote: Krasnodar
            The reason for this position of Vissarionitch was the Bolshevik ideology, according to which socialist Germany was much more important for the cause of the victory of the world revolution than, in fact, Russia - i.e. all according to Marx.

            Stupid did not come up with anything? Or are you a Trotsky bruise, still mumbling that Stalin did not need anything for nothing?
            Quote: Krasnodar
            The Germans had a “Goering green folder” with plans to leave no more than 30 million people in the European territory of the USSR to serve the agricultural farm and industry, the rest to starve to death or relocate to the Urals. The remaining education was recommended to be limited to three classes, as well as free distribution of condoms for birth control ...

            Bl abla blaa ... to you about Thomas, you about eremu ... to see family ties will force you to sculpt anything outside the truth just to close the Truth about who is actually a cannibal in the world and at the same time kick the USSR in passing. Plan Ost is known without you, and here are the consequences of "not accepted" as you put it, decisions on Germany by the Anglo-Saxons and someone else .. we see the doctrine now, this is the reality that you do not like.
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 2 September 2018 13: 15
              0
              Quote: The Swordsman
              Quote: Krasnodar
              nobody seriously discussed it,

              Do not skid tail for some cannibals. There is a sucker. Read about the future of the pro-Israeli lobby in the USA.
              Quote: Krasnodar
              The reason for this position of Vissarionitch was the Bolshevik ideology, according to which socialist Germany was much more important for the cause of the victory of the world revolution than, in fact, Russia - i.e. all according to Marx.

              Stupid did not come up with anything? Or are you a Trotsky bruise, still mumbling that Stalin did not need anything for nothing?
              Quote: Krasnodar
              The Germans had a “Goering green folder” with plans to leave no more than 30 million people in the European territory of the USSR to serve the agricultural farm and industry, the rest to starve to death or relocate to the Urals. The remaining education was recommended to be limited to three classes, as well as free distribution of condoms for birth control ...

              Bl abla blaa ... to you about Thomas, you about eremu ... to see family ties will force you to sculpt anything outside the truth just to close the Truth about who is actually a cannibal in the world and at the same time kick the USSR in passing. Plan Ost is known without you, and here are the consequences of "not accepted" as you put it, decisions on Germany by the Anglo-Saxons and someone else .. we see the doctrine now, this is the reality that you do not like.

              M-dya. You are in your role - hostile whirlwinds blow over us)))
              Stalin did not need socialist Germany? Hungary? Czechoslovakia? Poland? (Although Poland is an airbag, like Romania and Bulgaria)
              And about the Jewish lobby in the USA - it was formed by the 70th year. 25 years after the events we are talking about laughing
              1. Sweetheart
                Sweetheart 2 September 2018 13: 21
                -1
                Quote: Krasnodar
                And about the Jewish lobby in the USA - it was formed by the 70th year. 25 years after the events we are talking about

                Go to school, at the expense of who and how was in power at first in Poland-Czechoslovakia. And at the expense of the rest. Do not pretend that there is something if it existed in the 40s.
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 2 September 2018 13: 42
                  0
                  Quote: The Swordsman
                  Quote: Krasnodar
                  And about the Jewish lobby in the USA - it was formed by the 70th year. 25 years after the events we are talking about

                  Go to school, at the expense of who and how was in power at first in Poland-Czechoslovakia. And at the expense of the rest. Do not pretend that there is something if it existed in the 40s.

                  Already went to the line with his son laughing True, not to school, it fell on Saturday .. So you say that becoming a socialist country was the democratic choice of Poland and Czechoslovakia? )))
        2. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 2 September 2018 11: 47
          +2
          Hi Kolyan! Sorry, I'm pozzazzi! You wrote a cool comment! Only then it turned out that somehow the information of correspondence and negotiations leaked to the public and they, the Anglo-Saxons, had to shut up slightly about the castration of the Germans. However, the plans remained and were implemented a little differently. The policy of denazification, when the Arabs raped the Germans, the Germans only asked what to do. But an interesting topic ---- the Germans were denazified, and the Austrians ---- no ....
          1. Sweetheart
            Sweetheart 2 September 2018 12: 15
            -1
            Quote: Reptiloid
            But an interesting topic ---- the Germans were denazified, and the Austrians ---- no ....

            All the same, the Austrians were not so struck by the Nazism virus. But what the Anglo-Saxons did against the Germans shows in today's realities that they only correct their plans, but do not cancel them, continuing their policy laid down as early as 40 years.
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 2 September 2018 13: 18
              +1
              Quote: The Swordsman
              Quote: Reptiloid
              But an interesting topic ---- the Germans were denazified, and the Austrians ---- no ....

              All the same, the Austrians were not so struck by the Nazism virus. But what the Anglo-Saxons did against the Germans shows in today's realities that they only correct their plans, but do not cancel them, continuing their policy laid down as early as 40 years.

              The Austrians were still those Natsiks ...))) They just decided to recognize them as “the country occupied by the fascists”, forgetting about the number of Austrians who fought in the Wehrmacht and the SS and that the “Anschluss” was voluntary
            2. BAI
              BAI 2 September 2018 18: 57
              +1
              The Austrians were still not so struck by the Nazism virus.

              And they arranged a roughly indicative hunt for fugitives from a concentration camp (local, civilian respectable burghers) with the murder of captured prisoners on the spot.
          2. BAI
            BAI 2 September 2018 18: 55
            +2
            the Germans were denazified, and the Austrians ---- no ....

            The Austrians, with the filing of the USSR, are considered a nation affected by fascism. The topic has already been discussed, not in the article, in the comments.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 2 September 2018 23: 04
              0
              Quote: BAI
              the Germans were denazified, and the Austrians ---- no ....

              The Austrians, with the filing of the USSR, are considered a nation affected by fascism. The topic has already been discussed, not in the article, in the comments.
              What can I say, I do not have time to read everything unfortunately. Thus, the Russians, having defeated fascism, did not want to humiliate absolutely all the inhabitants of Germany and Austria. .
      2. Conductor
        Conductor 2 September 2018 11: 30
        0
        It seems like an English pilot.
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 2 September 2018 11: 45
          -1
          Quote: Conductor
          It seems like an English pilot.

          Beaver, where I read it, had an American officer. You read about an English pilot. Who it really was is unknown. Or maybe it's just a legend from the time of war, or post-war time.
          1. Sweetheart
            Sweetheart 2 September 2018 12: 13
            -3
            Quote: Krasnodar
            You read about the English pilot. Who it really was is unknown. Or maybe it's just a legend from the time of war, or post-war time.

            It is more interesting to read about one brigade .. as part of the British troops .. not noted in courage on the battlefield. But in atrocity in relation to prisoners and civilians.
            Or recall the realities of the American occupation- "The inhabitants of Leipzig, Zwickau and Krimmischau noted that the Americans behaved rudely, defiantly, made arrests even for a minor violation of the regime - being on the street after the onset of curfew. Often, American soldiers took alcohol from residents and valuables: cameras, watches, gold, household radios, cultural heritage items, etc. The looted property was sent by military mail to America.When this phenomenon became widespread and uncontrollable, the allied command was forced to issue a special directive, according to which Only items that had Nazi symbols or belonged to the German Armed Forces and were found at military installations were allowed to be sent home by mail.A permit signed by the unit commander was included in each package.Although the practice of sending home valuables looted in Germany did not completely end, it took to Controllable character 16. <…> "

            Read the full version of the article in the paper version of the Military History Journal and on the website of the Scientific Electronic Library http: www.elibrary.ru
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 2 September 2018 13: 19
              0
              Quote: The Swordsman
              Quote: Krasnodar
              You read about the English pilot. Who it really was is unknown. Or maybe it's just a legend from the time of war, or post-war time.

              It is more interesting to read about one brigade .. as part of the British troops .. not noted in courage on the battlefield. But in atrocity in relation to prisoners and civilians.
              Or recall the realities of the American occupation- "The inhabitants of Leipzig, Zwickau and Krimmischau noted that the Americans behaved rudely, defiantly, made arrests even for a minor violation of the regime - being on the street after the onset of curfew. Often, American soldiers took alcohol from residents and valuables: cameras, watches, gold, household radios, cultural heritage items, etc. The looted property was sent by military mail to America.When this phenomenon became widespread and uncontrollable, the allied command was forced to issue a special directive, according to which Only items that had Nazi symbols or belonged to the German Armed Forces and were found at military installations were allowed to be sent home by mail.A permit signed by the unit commander was included in each package.Although the practice of sending home valuables looted in Germany did not completely end, it took to Controllable character 16. <…> "

              Read the full version of the article in the paper version of the Military History Journal and on the website of the Scientific Electronic Library http: www.elibrary.ru

              Everyone was robbed of the Germans, and mostly French Arabs from North Africa were atrocizing the local population.
  4. rew1969
    rew1969 2 September 2018 23: 54
    0
    Only here, the participants in the war with Japan are not veterans of World War II ..
    1. Gopnik
      Gopnik 3 September 2018 12: 08
      0
      And where "you" have it? In the RF are considered
  5. nnz226
    nnz226 27 November 2018 20: 18
    0
    Merinos threw us from Hokkaido, what the hell did we give them South Korea ??? And yet: from the legal point of view of 1 of September 1939 of the year the German-Polish war began, it became world war, 3 of September, when France and Great Britain entered it (paddling and limes)