Military Review

Estonian silicalcite to protect Russia

Back in 1950, an Estonian scientist, inventor and business executive Johannes Rudolf Hint developed a new building material - silicalcite. Obtained from sand and limestone, widespread materials, this material turned out to be much stronger than concrete. It was possible to make a variety of products from it: blocks, plates, pipes, tiles. In Estonia, the Hinta organization built silicalcite houses that did not require the consumption of cement and fittings.

Hint had a complicated biography. He graduated from Tallinn Polytechnic Institute in 1941 with a degree in construction engineering, but he supported the Soviet power that had just been established in Estonia and even joined the Communist Party (his brother Aadu was a communist), then he led the evacuation of the Estonian industry after the start of the war, was left for underground work In 1943, the Germans arrested him, but Hint managed to escape from a concentration camp from a death sentence on a boat to Finland, was arrested there again and taken to a prisoner of war camp, where he sat until the end of the war with Finland. After the war, he created silicalcite, developed a technology for its production and processing, created a large enterprise, and even in 1962, received the Lenin Prize for this development.

Johannes Hint for testing the strength of a sample of silicalcite

End of this stories was unusual and somewhat unexpected. In November 1981, Hint was arrested on charges of abuse of office and sentenced to 15 years in prison. All his titles and awards were canceled, and property was confiscated. Hint died in September 1985, in prison, and was rehabilitated in 1989. But his main brainchild, silicalcite, was never rehabilitated and was not widely used, despite the advantageous technological and economic aspects. Only in the last ten years the interest in silicalcite has been revived, it is being promoted by enthusiasts.

Hinta's case was strongly politicized, I think, because, according to sound reasoning, silicalcite had to oust the cement from construction, with all the ensuing consequences of reorganizing the whole building materials industry: closing cement factories, redesigning and rebuilding the construction industry, changing standards and so on. The reshuffle caused by the introduction of silicalcite into widespread use promised to be so large-scale that it would have been easier for some people to plant the initiator of these innovations, at the same time tarnishing the technology itself.

However, we will not dig into the details of this long past story. Silicalcite is in any case interesting and has, in my opinion, very good prospects as a building and construction material for military-economic needs. From this point we will consider it.

Benefits of Silicalcite

Silicalcite is a development of silicate brick, also made from sand and lime, known since the end of the XIX century. Only silicate brick is very fragile and its compressive strength does not exceed 150 kg / cm2. Anyone who has dealt with him knows that silica brick breaks quite easily. Hint from the end of 1940-s was looking for ways to increase its strength and found such a method. If you do not go into technical subtleties, the essence of the matter was to jointly grind sand and lime in a disintegrator (a special kind of mill consisting of two circles rotating in opposite directions, in which steel fingers are mounted in three circular rows; the material being crushed faces fingers and crushed from these collisions into small particles, the size of which can be adjusted).

Estonian silicalcite to protect Russia

Sectional disintegrator (the illustrator removed the protective cover to show the device of the mill). This type of mill has been known for a long time and was developed as early as XIX for better grinding of flour. Here they could then draw competent and intelligible illustrations!

The grains of sand themselves are rather poorly combined with lime particles, since they are covered with a layer of carbonates and oxides, but the grinding crushes this crust off the grains of sand, and also splits the grains of sand into smaller pieces. Fresh chips on grains of sand are quickly covered with lime particles. After grinding, water is added to the mixture, the product is molded and steamed in an autoclave.

This material was much stronger than concrete. Hint received material with compressive strength up to 2000 kg / cm2, whereas the best concrete had strength up to 800 kg / cm2. Dramatically increased tensile strength. If it is 25 kg / cm35 for concrete В2, then for silicalcitre railway sleepers the tensile strength reached 120-150 kg / cm2. These figures were achieved at the end of the 1950-s, and Hint himself believed that this was far from the limit, and it was possible to achieve compressive strength, like in structural steel (3800-4000 kg / cm2).

As you can see, the material is very good. The high strength of the parts allows the construction of low-rise buildings completely without the use of reinforcement. In Estonia, quite a lot of buildings were built from it, both residential (with a total area of ​​1,5 million square meters) and administrative buildings (formerly the KPI Central Committee building, now the Estonian Foreign Ministry building). In addition, silicalcite parts are reinforced in the same way as concrete.

The slopes of the Moscow-Volga canal were lined with silicalcite plates.

From an economic point of view, silicalcite is much better than cement. First, the fact that in its manufacture clay is not used (added in the manufacture of cement clinker). Sand and limestone (or other rocks from which lime can be obtained - chalk or marble) are found almost everywhere. Secondly, by the fact that grand rotary kilns are not needed for clinker burning; the disintegrator and autoclave are much smaller and require less metal. Hint once even equipped a floating plant on a decommissioned vessel. Disintegrator installed on the deck, and the autoclave in the hold. Cement plant can not be pressed to the same compactness. Thirdly, the consumption of fuel and energy is also significantly less than for the production of cement.

All these circumstances are of great importance for a warring economy. The military situation makes a great demand for cheap and durable building construction material.

Silicalcite at war

How can I describe the military use of silicalcite? That way.

The first. The war, contrary to popular belief, is associated with large construction works. It is not only and not so much about the construction of fortifications and protected firing points, although it also matters. The firing point strengthened by durable material is much better than a tree-earthen, or even without any strengthening. The technology for the construction of precast reinforced concrete weapon emplacements (HBOT) developed at the beginning of World War II is well applicable to silicalcite. It is possible to make blocks of silicalcite in the same way, of which the pillbox is made. But there is a difference. Raw materials for silicalcite can be prepared in the vicinity of the construction site and processed into finished products in a mobile unit (the disintegrator is very compact and easy to install on a truck, and you can also develop a mobile autoclave; not to mention installing a railway version). This significantly speeds up construction and makes it less dependent on long-distance supply of materials.

It is necessary to build a lot of things in military conditions: housing, new and restored, workshops for various kinds of industries, roads, bridges, various objects. Many consider the experience of the Second World War obsolete, but if another major war begins, they will have to turn to it, since the builders from both warring parties worked with maximum tension. And all the military construction programs suffered from an acute shortage of cement, from the problem being solved just by silicalcite.

The second one. The high strength of products made of silicalcite, molded by pressing from a very finely ground mixture of sand and limestone and processed in an autoclave, allows the use of this material for the production of some parts of equipment and ammunition. Reinforced concrete a tank now you will not surprise anyone; this method of artisanal reservation is very widespread. The feasibility of this approach was proved in the T-34ZhB project, an experimental tank with reinforced concrete protection, a kind of mobile bunker.

T-34. Specifically, this idea to hang on the tank additional reinforced concrete slabs is not too successful. It is more expedient to alter the hull of the tank entirely.

Silicalcite allows you to make such protection more durable and lighter than that of reinforced concrete, while retaining all the advantages of steel or fiber reinforcement. In the production of silicalcate products with the strength of structural steel, it becomes possible to even replace some steel parts of the machines with them. For example, the frame for trucks.

Further, there are varieties of foamsilicalcite, which are lighter than water and have buoyancy. Therefore, silicalcite of various grades, light and floating, as well as durable and solid, can serve as a construction material for the construction of ferries, ships, pontoons, including self-propelled, collapsible floating bridges, etc. If you recall the extravagant idea of ​​building grandiose "floating islands", with the help of which you can swim across the ocean and land on the territory of our main likely enemy, then silicalcit opens up greater prospects and possibilities than reinforced concrete.

Finally, according to the German example, shells can be made of silicalcite. Reinforced concrete rockets were manufactured in Germany at the end of the war and proved to be as good as steel ones. Silikaltsitovaya pipe may be stronger reinforced concrete, and therefore, easier.

If photographs of a German reinforced concrete missile could not be found, another interesting picture came across - German 240-mm mortar Albrecht from the First World War, made of wood. If you can make a fully combat-ready mortar out of wood, then why can't you make a mortar from silicalcite?

The meaning of these measures is to replace steel, which in the course of a major war will become an extremely scarce material, with a cheaper and much more affordable material for raw materials and energy. In my opinion, it is high time to think seriously that in the production of military equipment, weapons and ammunition replace as much steel as possible with various silicate materials (not only silicalcite, but also ceramics, as well as various composites) that are suitable for their properties. If with the resources of iron ore, it is already becoming difficult for us (the Krivorozhskoye field is now at the potential enemy, other fields are severely depleted, so that metallurgical companies are now establishing the processing of ilmenite sands), then there are no problems with raw materials for the production of silicate materials, they are almost unlimited.

I had a very brief and cursory overview of the military-economic capabilities of silicalcite, without detailed substantiation and analysis of specific examples. I think that if you examine the question deeply enough, you will get a whole book (quite plump in volume). I have an anticipation, based on the experience of studying the military economy, that silicalcite can revolutionize the military-industrial sphere and give the military economy a powerful source of materials.

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  1. Mih1974
    Mih1974 6 September 2018 05: 46
    I understood everything except one - "what bastard" hid this ingenious development? Or maybe the author does not say something, because well, it cannot be that such a simple, reliable and profitable invention in the USSR was "forgotten", which means there are some "pitfalls." Because the silicate brick was used for the very collapse of the USSR and it seems that they are now being produced , and then what about this as there is silicalcite - why is it not produced?
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 6 September 2018 06: 26
      Quote: Mih1974
      I understood everything except one - "what bastard" hid this ingenious development?

      There were so many of them. There is a book by Boris Danilov "Life-Search". Turner is an innovator, at the time the chairman of the Council of Innovators in Moscow, he gives many similar examples.
    2. Ros 56
      Ros 56 6 September 2018 08: 21
      It may even be that no one has yet canceled the competition. I think that not one person who proposed an alternative to ICE and oil was lost forever. And what kind of opportunities do oil-gas industrialists think I don’t need to tell.
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 6 September 2018 13: 33
        Quote: Ros 56
        And what opportunities do oil and gas industrialists think I don’t need to tell

        How many conspiracy theorists I read about the "conspiracy of the oil magnates", I see no logic in this. For some reason it does not occur to them that there are forces and capitals with no less opportunities, ready to do anything to get rid of oil and gas dependence. Whatever production you take - energy will be a very significant item of expenditure. Not to mention the military all over the world, for whom providing troops with fuel is an eternal headache.
        1. Ros 56
          Ros 56 7 September 2018 18: 20
          Firstly, their logic lies in their pockets, on bank accounts, in hangars, at moorings, invested in castles, palaces, in the heirs in the end, and you think they will give way. Yes, they’ll better arrange a war, which most often happens, and by the way is the main reason for our confrontation with the West. And second, what forces and capitals do you mean? There are no forces without capital, the basis of all energy. Now we are building a logical chain - Energy - capital (bankers) - MIC (defense industrial complex) to protect the first and second. Everything else, especially politics, is to ensure and justify the existence of all three links, and of ourselves.
          1. Narak-zempo
            Narak-zempo 10 October 2018 15: 18
            I'm talking about the logic of conspiracy theorists, not the oil magnates.
            Think, if you are an industrialist engaged in the production of anything but fuel, then this is the very fuel and electricity (which again comes from fuel) - this is a huge cost. How wonderful it would be to get rid of them.
            If you are the owner of a transport company, then again everything depends on fuel.
            If you are the ruler of a country that does not have its own oil and gas and is dependent on supplies (and this is both Europe and Japan) - your interest is to weaken or even remove this dependence.
            Here are the forces and capitals interested in the emergence of an alternative to oil.

            And then, according to your logic, there would never have been a transition from coal to oil - this would not have been allowed by coal miners and manufacturers of steam engines.
      2. Mih1974
        Mih1974 7 September 2018 18: 01
        And you try to turn on the mosk (if you have one) - okay, cars with ICE, but where does the principle of the propulsor go?
        That is: first, the ChYulovians wore and dragged them, then they lifted them in a group through a lever, then a "water wheel" appears and somewhere nearby "a wheel as a gate" on a human or animal pull. And now somewhere not far from us - the Steam Engine, note that it is shoved "everywhere" and through the transmission mechanism in factories and in the first cars and in shipbuilding (there are most of all). Closely to this, they invent "electric" and roughly understand HOW to make an engine, but they cannot (technological backwardness), well, that is, I mean that not Motively itself, but all the laws and principles were already known. At the same time, somewhere out there they come up with all sorts of crap like the Stirling Engine, at first glance, "a brilliant invention" and mind you, no one hid it under the cloth, BUT - it did not get industrial implementation everywhere belay And why so - the answer is banal, this engine gave way in reliability and "usability" to the steam, and now the internal combustion engine.
        So all the phrases - the pills of immortality, perpetual motion machines or "ICE alternatives" are hiding from us, are all for mentally ill people. Moreover, if you carefully read about the history of the main inventions, you will come across a completely opposite effect - not with the Concealment, but with disputes over the Superiority in invention !! ))
    3. Snail N9
      Snail N9 6 September 2018 09: 56
      On the one hand, the author is disingenuous, and on the other, he does not finish speaking. Why was silicalcite not used despite such "magical" properties as the author presents them and why banal cement "won" him? Yes, it's very simple, the author writes that for silicalcite, simple ingredients are needed: sand and lime and supposedly any sand can be used. But no! Silicalcite, its quality is highly dependent on the purity of the ingredients. Sand needs special, white, without iron and other impurities, and there is relatively much of it in the Baltic states, but it is rarely found in the rest of Russia. And for high-quality lime, you need pure feldspar, which you also need to find - it is not so often found in large quantities. And most importantly, silicalcite cannot be stored! From the word in general. That is, it is made at the place of manufacture of blocks for construction and should immediately be launched into the manufacture of these blocks due to the rapid formation of a protective oxide film on the destroyed sand particles and the extreme hygroscopicity of lime. But that's not all. Blocks made of silicalcite must, under special conditions, undergo autoclaving in order to maintain high temperature and humidity for a long time, allowing the block to undergo internal homogenization. If this is not done, then the block will simply fall apart, like a piece of ordinary slaked lime falls apart outside, leaving an unreacted core .. That is, to make building blocks from silicalcite, electricity is required in the place where they are going to build something from it. And this is the reason why he did not gain distribution and did not "lose" to cement. Well, imagine, if you want to build something in the field or in the forest from silicalcite, then you need a powerful source of electricity there, because the mill and autoclave are very powerful consumers of it ... and where will you get it in the field? In the woods? Well, the "cherry on the cake" of silicalcite is impossible to produce walls, ceilings and other building structures by pouring, from the word "absolutely", because you will have to "autoclave" the entire structure ... Actually, the need for an autoclave is the bottleneck of the whole process with it seeming, at first glance, simplicity.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 6 September 2018 11: 13
        The devil was in the details ... Thanks for the clarification! hi
      2. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 6 September 2018 13: 47
        Yes, I also had the whole time, while reading the article, the idea was spinning that you won’t fill a monolith from it, and it’s difficult to steal a large part qualitatively, unless it is a flat panel. So, the newfangled 3D printing technology of buildings is not applicable.
        Storage problems can, of course, be resolved by grinding pure nitrogen in an atmosphere and storing them in nitrogen-filled containers, but this makes production more expensive.
        It turns out that the material is good only for local conditions where production is economically justified, as in the Baltic states.
      3. spech
        spech 6 September 2018 17: 32
        So I just don’t understand which oxide is formed on freshly ground sand, which itself is silicon oxide (SIO2)?
      4. wehr
        6 September 2018 19: 22
        Your explanation is very funny. At first glance, it seems to be thorough, detailed, and even exhaustive. But....
        Do not make lime from feldspar. Lime is made by burning limestone or chalk (both rocks consist of calcite - CaCO3). Feldspar is a completely different composition. These are aluminosilicates (for example, orthoclase is one of the components of potassium feldspar - KAlSi3O8). These are solid and dense crystalline substances, of which granites, syenites, and granitodiorites mainly consist. And do not whistle about the rarity of feldspars. Rocks of them are 50% by weight of the earth's crust.

        So you are just illiterate, although puzhites seem so. And your comment with such an unacceptably gross error has no value.
        If only Wikipedia was honored before writing.
        1. Curious
          Curious 6 September 2018 21: 07
          Did you mean lime spar?
          1. wehr
            6 September 2018 21: 21
            You yourself can read what was meant.
      5. gridasov
        gridasov 11 September 2018 08: 40
        The deepest error defaming the brilliant project of Hint. The whole secret lies in the fact that the disintegrator provides such a fine dispersion of almost any material that the materials enter into the interaction at almost the molecular level. Simple physics of the process provides the technology. In fact, all the ancient technologies in the field of construction and use of materials, including the Chinese wall, were based on the possibility of reducing dispersion or additives that strengthen the structure of the material. Moreover, it is the disintegrator and, according to the physical processes analyzed in it, that allows homogenizing liquid products to such a level that this effect cannot be achieved by other known methods. Sabotage at the level of civil servants and direct sabotage have been and will be.
  2. inkass_98
    inkass_98 6 September 2018 07: 04
    The material is interesting, but the author does not say something here. If the invention were simply shelved, which was an ordinary occurrence, then this is one conversation. And here the material was already in production, it was used quite widely, and then once - everyone suddenly forgot about it, because the inventor was imprisoned. It doesn't work that way. The invention was already living its own life, the fate of its author should not have strongly influenced the further use of silicalcite.
    1. Filxnumx
      Filxnumx 6 September 2018 10: 53
      Everything can be with us. I would not be surprised that the initial requirement was not only to plant the inventor and stop production, but also to disassemble the constructed one. So that, as they say: not a single trifle reminded ... And only huge expenses were stopped. It may well be that the Estonian has VERY steadily attacked someone of the powers that be in the USSR with his invention or did not want to share. And he himself was a seasoned war and not an ordinary one.
    2. gridasov
      gridasov 11 September 2018 08: 43
      Ingenious discoveries and inventions have such an aspect that during the war of their discovery they are not understood and not accepted and conditions are needed when there will be an impulse of development on a new wave. Usually discoveries work through a generation.
  3. konstantin68
    konstantin68 6 September 2018 07: 45
    Here are the Soviet "invaders" committed atrocities in the Baltics. Science moved, infrastructure was built, industry was developed, etc. One word is aggressors. Whether it's the case, guys from the German units, to whom monuments are now being erected (you understand from which). Here, who was engaged in "creative work"!
  4. Dzungar
    Dzungar 6 September 2018 09: 33
  5. mlad
    mlad 6 September 2018 10: 02
    So there are flaws, like I watched a film about coal mining by hydrants, washed coal in a mine with high-pressure water, you don’t have dust, complete fire safety, and then I met an article that in winter the composition with coal could not be unloaded, it turned into a block of ice
  6. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 6 September 2018 12: 17
    Great! What are the prospects! The head goes with a compass! Is penosilicalcite lighter than water? Floating Islands? Why waste time on trifles? We pump silicalcite with helium ... we get foam silicalcite lighter than air and flying islands! Oh, hold me three! In the "goiter" breath stale! wassat
  7. Curious
    Curious 6 September 2018 13: 13
    After completing the search for a wunderbait for victory in garbage cans and cesspools, the author proceeded to the production of building materials. I do not want to offend the author in any way, but he seems to have collected information for advertising the next miraculous don’t on the Internet, and this is another source that can lead a far amateur.
    First, I will disappoint the author, in terms of the fact that "no grandiose rotary kilns needed to burn clinker ".
    To produce lime, furnaces are also needed, though no less grandiose. And the raw material base for the production of lime and cement is generally a separate issue.
    Regarding the strength of concrete - do not mislead the reader. 800 kg / cm2 is not the limit. Super-efficient concrete (UHPC = Ultra High Performance Concrete) has a strength of 2500 kg / cm2.
    Regarding the pros and cons - an excellent comment was given by Snail N9.
    There is no sensationalism or mystery in the material itself. It is enough to take professional literature such as "Guide to building materials and products" in the "Autoclave hardened silicate materials" section.
    In a word, another pseudo sensation from an amateur.
  8. Note 2
    Note 2 6 September 2018 14: 02
    Mortar from sand and limestone was known long before this day of your body. First of all, walls were plastered with such mortars. But by their properties, products from such mixtures are inferior in quality to concrete and any construction engineer will tell you that. mixtures.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 11 September 2018 08: 54
      Someone in general has brains from opponents. The question is not only in the material, but in the level of its dimension. I am sure that all opponents are grammatists with completely absent abilities for complex and system analysis. Explain to them just wasting time.
  9. Jurgens
    Jurgens 6 September 2018 21: 12
    The beacon and the messiah .. Dazzling in its inaccessibility. What do the reasonable, balanced and competent arguments of the Snail mean in comparison with the titanic mind of our genius? All the more so if the genius operates with reinforced concrete arguments like "you are illiterate." Hey, moderators, are the insane so valuable to the site that they still have the opportunity to carry their nonsense here?
    Py.Sy. We are anxiously awaiting an article about adobe brick (feces! Yum-yum !!!) and its use, say, in the submarine fleet. Well, or at least elementary electronics. It is desirable to give birth to this article in the "Siberian" language, which is so nice to the author. It will be a "bomb".
    1. wehr
      6 September 2018 21: 23
      When a person writes that lime is made of feldspar - it is definitely a broken brain, and it can not be repaired. And the fact that such a subject with a broken brain considers literate and balanced, too, the brains are broken, and also can not be repaired. laughing

      And there is nothing here to refer to the Siberian language.
  10. Zaits
    Zaits 7 September 2018 21: 08
    When a person puts forward a conspiracy theological version of the Hint case, which is absolutely wild for 1981, you begin to fear for his health. Yes, the matter is far from the simplest, but many things lie almost on the surface.
    Firstly, politicization was caused by the fact that representatives of the highest echelon of power of the country were involved in the case. Taki Hint managed to push in his favor something like a government decree, which was frankly dubious in nature.
    Secondly, not without the help of Hint himself, silicalcite was also dealt with in Western countries. At the same time, no silicalcite boom was observed there either. The reason is very likely very simple. Namely, the real cost efficiency compared to cement was too different from that declared by Hint. So, the Soviet "cement barons", who were referred to in connection with this story, were clearly out of work here.
    In general, Hint declared a lot of things in connection with the use of disintegrators. In this regard, the story with the AU-8 is especially indicative, from which it smelled absolutely bad, both literally and figuratively. A condo veterinary biostimulator was run through a disintegrator and was presented as an effective healing agent for almost everything. And without any serious tests he sniffed sick people. And all under the banner of the miraculous effect of the disintegrator. Although, even without testing, experts were very skeptical about AU-8 (and it seems that it was not in vain, judging by the relatively recent data: "The collection" Actual issues of forensic medicine and expert practice "(2014) states that the use of the drug AU-8 stimulated the growth of cancerous tumors. "). And by the way, the story with the AU-8 figured in that very criminal case of Hint.
    On the whole, there are serious grounds to believe that many of the research works at SKTB Disintegrator were openly falsified. To one degree or another, this could also affect silicalcite. Yes, it almost certainly did. I still won't call Hint a swindler, but with the introduction of "raw" and often dubious ideas, he clearly overdid it.
    1. wehr
      7 September 2018 22: 30
      Hint's case was just brought for people like you, so that they would go and repeat all sorts of flimsy and sucked from the finger tales about silicalcite. And so that this good and very economical material does not go into business.
      So uncomplicated out of you do pests accomplices. laughing
      And then no one will be interested in your "yazhenivchemnevinovat". laughing
      1. Zaits
        Zaits 8 September 2018 00: 17
        And in foreign countries, too, Hinta started their own business and also pounded this wonderful material already there? More than three licenses were sold there. So what kind of "fables about silicalcite" are we talking about?
        IMHA, silicalcite just stupidly did not roll. Neither at home nor there. Apparently, the data on energy consumption during its production were stupidly falsified (more on that later). So, grinding fine sand into a fine powder using a disintegrator is a very energy-consuming thing. Although the Estonian disintegrator was considered quite successful and seemed to be somewhat superior to its competitors.
        If about AU-8, then I watched all this orgy with my own eyes, and even then I was understanding about its drop dead healing properties. The composition of AU-8 is almost one-to-one with the well-known "horse preparation", which is highly not recommended for medical use. The results of the use of this muck by people are being studied to this day.
        And finally. About why I repeatedly mentioned the fraud. Back in the 80s, I repeatedly had to talk with a friend who worked in the laboratory of SKTB Disintegrator. A friend tried to do science there after university. When I realized what kind of scientific nonsense and how exactly they were being persecuted in this laboratory, I found a new job and quit there. And it should be noted, they paid very well there, he lost a lot in his salary. And I have no reason not to believe what I heard from him.
        So, falsification during research work in the Disintegrator was put on stream. Any errors or incorrectness in the experiments, often conscious, were not fundamentally noticed if the experiment gave a positive effect. With this approach, the effects of using the disintegrator poured like manna from heaven, and the bucks fell in a swell. For the time being, naturally.
        So, indeed, someone collects fables on the Internet, but for someone it is a living story.
        1. wehr
          8 September 2018 00: 43
          I think the reason was that there were no standards for silicalcite, and therefore large construction companies could not use it at their sites. And no one took the tests, the development of standards with their approval. This is understandable - the contractor’s responsibility for the quality of the material and construction.

          Yes, I'll add more. An argument like "they are smart in the West" is definitely a sign of broken brains. Moreover, in combination with the manifestation of a fundamental rejection of thinking.

          Now let's give comparative figures for energy consumption for silicalcite and cement (complete, together with firing, grinding, etc.). The opinion about "huge energy consumption" without such a comparison is worthless.

          The most interesting thing in your case is that you do not even want to think. You are guided by a long-established stamp in your head. I think that this greatly facilitates the task of the enemy’s military propaganda, its sabotage and subversive work. laughing
          1. Zaits
            Zaits 8 September 2018 02: 35
            I give you specific facts, and you dump your conjectures that have nothing to do with reality.
            - Do you understand what a decree of the government of the USSR is? The disintegrator was given green light at the highest level. Only Leonid Ilyich was above, and then he did not deal with such things. I had to work under the green light at the end of the Soviet regime, it was cool. If Hint hadn’t established a whole bunch of positions in the course of his tumultuous activity, everything would have happened. Those wishing to participate in the topic were enough before the resolution, and here also with the flag. True, with the decree, Hint also established, Ihma, which only accelerated the logical end of this story.
            - You simply will not find real figures on energy costs and costs in the production of silicalcite. Guess three times why? But judging by the fact that after the first surge of enthusiasm, the topic also waned in Western countries, there is simply no point in comparing costs. Aw, did you understand what I was telling you for the third time?
            - If someone was engaged in falsifying research himself or consciously contributed to it (and for me this is a fact) and really poisoned people with pretty rubbish (this can already be considered a proven fact), I will not trust this person, regardless of any propaganda. You call it stamps, I call it principles.
            1. wehr
              8 September 2018 03: 51
              You are not giving me facts, but a certain legend, which, apparently, you think is true. I don’t think so, if only because you cannot confirm this legend with figures. The reference to the fact that "in the West they are smart - they refused there" is not a fact.

              You are not a specialist in this matter. For the simple reason that it is not so difficult for a specialist to make an approximate calculation of the energy consumption for cement and silicalcite. The technology of both is known to us. You can take the average cement plant and its costs per ton of products, and then take the average capacity and performance of the disintegrator and calculate the same average values ​​per ton of silicalcite mixture.
              For simplicity, we assume that we are talking about semi-products.
              Will do?
              If not, then I have nothing more to talk with you about.
            2. gridasov
              gridasov 11 September 2018 09: 06
              Silicalcite is a product of sophisticated high-tech material processing. Give fools a job that they don’t realize and they will do their job. Silicalcite was hacked precisely by dumbasses and mediocrity, who did not understand the basic principles of its unique properties, which in turn should not be torn off from the method and the device itself.
    2. gridasov
      gridasov 11 September 2018 09: 01
      On the basis of the same Hint disintegrator, but I will not talk about the essence of the mystery of his work, such stable mixtures of liquids can and are created that other methods cannot be achieved. At the same time, silicalcite is a reality and a question in nuances. Let me remind you of one such is water treatment.
  11. bondxnumx
    bondxnumx 14 January 2020 14: 47
    This is the whole scoop, They boasted of their achievements, And they killed such an ingenious development! They also wanted to catch up and overtake the "Decaying West" With such a rotten LOT, it would never have happened ---!