In fact, for knowledgeable and understanding people, the answer to this question does not cause mental pain and stabbing in the brain. The answer is simple, as belonging to any self-respecting historical and patriotic complex, mock tank T-34.
The museum must be the owner.
I emphasize very boldly, because the practice of four years of working with Russian museums allows me to draw such a conclusion. And not just a master, but a Real Master.
Today, using the example of many museums in the country, one can make a sad conclusion: the state is absolutely unable to cope not only with the replenishment of museum funds, but even with the content of existing ones.
The best examples are Cuba and Monino.
Kubinka, in the sense of the museum of armored vehicles, was not planned as a museum. It was a testing ground, which turned into an exhibition.
Not the most successful, definitely.
The huge squares of Kubinka with hangars, where tanks, self-propelled guns and armored cars are literally packed, so much so that you can see it from a single angle. I just keep quiet about shooting, because for a normal photographer there is hell.
Well, to top it all, the Kubinka collection is now, to put it simply, razvolakivaetsya. For the sake of, of course, the park "Patriot".
And it turns out to be a completely stupid situation: in Patriot there is not and will not be a normal and sensible exhibition, since it’s far from professionals who are ruling the ball, but effective managers. And in Kubinka there will no longer be that high-grade collection, because the exhibits are taken away and will be shown once a year to an army show.
No more, because in addition to the six days of showing off "ARMIYA- ... eleven" park "Patriot" is actually not working.
A good indicator of how an attempt to make another “hochunchik” in this case from the Minister of Defense led to the elimination of one of the best collections in the world.
Well now cry, God bless her with Kubinka, but we have something "Patriot" type park. There is a short collection, but there is one. Its, originally Russian miracle, is not like any Soviet museums there. True?
Our, so to speak, is the answer to Arlington, Bovinton, Password and the list goes on. Clumsy, as always, the answer, but ours.
With Monino about the same story. We have already touched it more than once, when the same threat of razderbanivaniya hung over the museum, as over Kubinka. Another question is that in Monino the situation itself is somewhat different.
Monino is no longer a museum of military equipment, and for a long time. 30 years, if not more. This is a museum of models of military equipment. 90% of the exhibits are exactly the mock-ups, completely gutted from the inside, destroyed by fires, moldy, and some are still radioactive, and not weak.
Separate specimens still represent a certain historical value, since they are engaged in the so-called volunteer museum assistants, which we also wrote about more than once. On the positive side.
However, it cannot be said that all the activities of the so-called volunteers are completely legal and controlled. And, sooner or later, it will be terminated by the relevant authorities, which will, of course, not benefit the aircraft. Since vague operations with money are one thing, and working with airplanes is another.
And it should be said about the replenishment of the collection of Monino. 25 years for the Russian authorities, the open area was replenished 1 (One!) Exhibit. Yak-xnumx. Yes, in the newly built hangar there was an exhibition once again of the models of the aircraft of the Great Patriotic War. But - layouts, and the selection of a pretty stupid exhibition.
Summary: when the museum does not have a host, there is no museum. Moninsky Museum is actually a scrap yard under the open sky, and not so far the moment when the unique aircraft that have become unique layouts, cease to exist.
Approximately the same with Kubinka. Started pulling away a collection of equipment is unlikely to end. Another “hochunchik” in the form of the next branch of the Patriot park will cause another movement of units, say, to the Crimea. Or to Siberia. Or to the Far East. And as a result, there will be nothing. Neither Kubinka, nor the Patriot park-like squares of the Crimean type.
Why? Yes, all of that. Breaking because I did not build. Here we have learned to break everything. With the build is still so-so. This is what I say in terms of museums, if that.
In general, when such specialists are engaged in the development of the state budget (gentlemen from RVIO, you are to blame for such a collision), then for some reason it is not necessary to wait for good.
Here, many already have to start asking questions like "well, then what?".
Since with negative I can continue indefinitely, citing the example of the Museum of the Armed Forces in Moscow and dozens of local museums across the country.
And then there will be positive examples.
The State plan should explicitly cite the example of Belarus and the fact that it created with the central historical museum. And in terms of repair, and in terms of collection.
It can be said about the museum complex "Stalin Line", which has taken under the wing of the company "vargeymingi".
Ask, and that its not? Have their own, and how to eat.
We have already talked about the Museum of Domestic Military History in Padikovo, Moscow Region. A very remarkable institution, with features, created with the money of a private entrepreneur Dmitry Persheev. Museum - a dream for every military historian.
The second example is n, one distance. In Verkhnyaya Pyshma, near Yekaterinburg. There is a museum established under the patronage of the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Combine in general and Kozitsin brothers in particular.
We told about the third example at the dawn of the “Our Memory” cycle, about a small but charming museum organized by search engines in the tiny city of Mtsensk.
Well, how can you not remember the museum Zadorozhny? All from the same opera.
What unites them? Namely, what I said at the very beginning. Having a Boss who takes care of his brainchild. Restores and repairs exhibits, replenishes collections, trains guides who do not just murmur memorized texts, but tell, intelligently, usefully, with enthusiasm and with a twinkle.
About how it looked in Padikovo, we have already told. About how this happens in Upper Pyshma, we (much to the delight) is still to be told.
Combining all of the above positive examples is one amazing thing.
There is a not very nice question: why can private museums that are limited (yes, that’s right) in the budget today give a public odds? The budget, gentlemen, bottomless pit, in particular - the budget of the Ministry of Defense.
There are a lot of questions for the Ministry of Defense. Type "well, when will you get drunk."
Why is there money for frankly unprofitable "Army Games", which are now increasingly held outside the borders of Russia?
Why, from year to year, the useless show "ARMY- ... eleven" is held, in which frank junk is demonstrated with enviable consistency?
Why in RVIO (Russian Military Historical Society) every year less and less history professionals and more and more sawflies of the budget? It is already too lazy to count the frankly failures and historically crooked events of this “historical society.
Meanwhile, private exhibits are often on the move, in full historical conformity (especially Padikovo), well-groomed and petted.
And go to the site of the museum of the Armed Forces in Moscow. There, soon only on the plates and it will be possible to identify the tank under a layer of paint. And less durable things, yes, rot. And so will rot.
The welded hatches of the tank hulls (well, the language does not rise is called a tank), disassembled guns, hulls of cars with clogged cabins and a thick layer of cheap green paint that does not match the color of that era. Here is the present day of state museums.
Historical and patriotic poverty and wretchedness.
And technically and historically verified exhibits of private museums.
What's next? We continue in the same vein, or is it still worth recognizing the fact that the state (the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Culture, RVIO) does not care from a high bell tower to all these museums and all this historical and patriotic nonsense?
Well, is it enough for 9 of May to drive one “thirty-four” across Red Square in order to show all our power and historical continuity? And one Po-2 per country for the eyes. And one IL-2. And those, by the way, are private.
Enough. The rest will make TV channels. They will show, tell, will be forgotten about the fact that with continuity and memory we have complete order.
Or can it still admit that the existing power, to put it mildly, also failed in the history and military-patriotic education?
No, what about that? In the cinema they could not, in the sport they could not, in the education they could not. Well, let's recognize that in the history we can not. Except for one day a year.
And then, forgive me, the poor institute of historical education on the basis of existing museums should be simply dispersed. And consider the issue of transfer to private hands wishing to preserve and increase.
If only, I would like to emphasize, there were those who wished.
Moreover, those who wish to have will definitely have to simply throw in grants and benefits, so that they would not lose their desire to search the archives, clean, paint and repair.
So that we have something to show descendants. Clean, beautiful and workable.
No, of course, you can go to the "YouTube" and see how hundreds of armored vehicles ride overseas of the imperialists on the sea and fly to the show dozens of aircraft. Including cars Yakovlev, Lavochkin, Ilyushin and Polikarpov. The Americans have this order.
Photo from the airshow in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, USA.
Dear readers, do you hurt to read this? So believe me, I am not less offended to write this.