"Wall" for the Rosguards
Last year it was reported that the special purpose vehicle “Shield” from the “Wall” complex was created on its own initiative. After the completion of the development work, it was planned to offer the finished equipment to the relevant divisions of the Russian Guard. The sample on the wheeled chassis, equipped with protective equipment, a special large-sized folding shield and a water cannon, was proposed to be used to suppress riots. In this case, the fighters had the opportunity to work under the protection of machine units.
Approximately one year after the first display of the original version of the Wall, the further story project. A prototype of a special machine was handed over to the Rosgvardia, which was to test it during the exercises and form an opinion. Specialists studied the proposed machine and evaluated its tactical and technical characteristics. According to a number of parameters, “Shield” arranged them, but in some cases there were special wishes. All of them were taken into account when creating a new version of the complex.
At the recent Army-2018 forum, the Kalashnikov concern presented a number of both already known and completely new developments of various classes. Together with other samples on the open site presented a prototype of the updated complex "Wall". The second variant of the complex differs in the most serious way from the “last year’s one” and due to this it has certain advantages. Reportedly, improvements made in accordance with the wishes of the Rosguards affected the equipment and the design of some units.
The Wall complex is designed to work in riot zones to ensure the actions of law enforcement units. With the help of special equipment in the form of a folding shield, the machine must protect the fighters, while at the same time allowing them to influence offenders. This scope of application has specific requirements for the protection of equipment and people, which is also taken into account in the new project.
The four-axle chassis of the KamAZ brand is used as the basis for the new special vehicle. The previous version had a three-axle chassis, but, apparently, it could not show the required characteristics, as a result of which it was replaced. In the front part of the chassis, the cab is kept with a bonnet layout, while the cargo area is given for the installation of special equipment. In addition, certain units are mounted on the front bumper and the sides of the chassis.
Work in a zone of mass riots is associated with certain risks, as a result of which the base truck receives some elements of protection. With the help of additional metal panels, the frontal projection of the cabin is closed. The chassis sides are similarly protected. The cabin maintains regular glazing, which is protected by metal nets. Side windows and rear-view mirrors are covered with nets installed on the box frame.
The main part of the internal equipment of the cabin remains unchanged. At the same time some innovations are foreseen. First of all, it is proposed to install control panels for the target equipment in the cab. In addition, at the disposal of the driver and the commander there are several liquid crystal screens, to which the signal from the video cameras is output. The latter provide all-round visibility and make it easier to drive a large car in an urban setting.
On the front of the car "Wall" of the second version of the set of special equipment. It should be noted that in the basic version of the project there was no such equipment. On the car is fixed a special frame with a swinging device, equipped with hydraulic actuators. The swinging part is equipped with a dozer blade. Such a device can be used when driving through the rubble. In addition, it performs the functions of an additional support for a mechanized shield.
On the cargo area of the base car is placed a medium-sized rectangular casing accommodating part of the special equipment. Probably, this is where the main devices of the hydraulic system are located. Next to this casing mounted support device mechanized shield. With its help, the latter is transferred to the working or transport position.
According to the results of trial operation at Rosgvardia, the design of the mechanized shield of the special “Wall” machine has undergone certain changes. Initially, the shield consisted of five rectangular sections of different sizes, controlled by hydraulics. He had his own road wheels and, with the help of additional support, interacted with the bumper of the car carrier. The shield sections consisted of a metal web, grids and a curtain assembled from chains. In the second version of the Wall project, the shield was radically revised. In particular, it was decided to abandon grids and chains in favor of a solid metal web capable of providing better protection for personnel.
To transfer the shield from the transport position to the working position, a special folding boom of the frame structure is used. One of its sections is installed directly on the cargo area and is controlled by a pair of hydraulic cylinders. It is connected to the second frame with similar drives, on which are mounted movable beams with mounts for the shield. In the stowed position, the frames are folded on the cargo platform. The shield itself takes a U-shape and hangs over the back of the machine.
The mechanized shield has retained the composite architecture and still consists of five sections. The largest central mounted directly on the movable boom. On each side of it are attached rotary sections. On them installation of two sliding sections with a hydraulic drive is provided. During the shift to the working position, the shield rises from the rear of the car and lowers in front of the cabin. At the same time its side sections are laid out in the construction of a large width. The shield of the new model does not have road wheels, and its weight is distributed between the boom and the front frame with a blade.
In accordance with the requirements of the customer, the configuration of embrasures and windows in the shield has been reworked. In its first version, several large rectangular windows with glazing were used. Now in the center of each section is a relatively small window with glass. The windows of the four side sections are equipped with loopholes with movable covers. The two outer sections have two rectangular loopholes with lids. A set of embrasures provides shooting in the front hemisphere with almost no risk for the fighters.
On the back side of the mechanized shield are small folding areas that are installed directly under the embrasures and windows. At these sites it is proposed to be fighters, leading the fire in the front hemisphere. When moving to the transport position, the platforms are stacked on the shield sheet and fixed in that position.
A large number of diode searchlights of sufficient power are provided in the upper part of the shield. With their help, it is proposed to illuminate the space in front of the car, which simplifies observation. In addition, high-power searchlights are an additional means of influencing offenders.
The lower edge of the shield has a means to prevent various objects from falling under the car. A large number of flexible rubber plates, literally sliding along the surface, are fastened on the bottom sections. However, there is no such equipment under the front blade. In the first version of the project for the same purpose a large number of short chains were used.
According to the developer, as part of the improvement of the project, it was possible to reduce the time of transfer from the traveling to the working position. The lifting and unfolding of a mechanized shield now takes about 3,5 minutes. For comparison, the "last year" machine of the "Shield" type spent about 7 minutes on it.
The special-purpose vehicle “Shield”, presented last year, had a jet propulsion system for non-lethal impact on “soft targets”. According to the results of trial operation, it was decided to abandon this device. Thus, the new complex "Wall" has no integrated weapons. The fire impact is proposed to be carried out only with the help of the standard weapons of the fighters.
In case of use by violators of incendiary means, fire extinguishing agents are included in the “Wall” complex. In particular, a set of hand-held fire extinguishers is placed on several side mountings of the chassis.
The need to obtain a sufficient level of protection, as well as the presence of a number of special devices led to the fact that the new car "Wall" is distinguished by large dimensions and weight. So, in a curb state, this sample weighs about 28 t. The machine is built on a heavy-duty chassis, which allows to obtain acceptable mobility characteristics. At the same time, it is obvious that in a combat situation, the Wall will not have to develop maximum speed indicators, although certain challenges may arise in the field of terrain.
It is reported that both versions of the Wall complex have already been in trial operation. Thus, law enforcement officers tested the first version of a special car, presented last year, and, based on the results of such inspections, presented a list of necessary improvements. In accordance with the latter, the Kalashnikov concern has developed a new version of the project; a prototype of this kind was first shown to the public at the Army-2018 exhibition. Now it is necessary to conduct a new phase of inspections, according to the results of which a decision will be made on the future of the entire project.
Meanwhile, the Kalashnikov concern is reportedly preparing for the future mass production of new equipment. Upon receipt of the relevant order from Rosgvardii, the development organization will be ready in the shortest time to produce and transfer the first required samples. However, the exact volumes and deadlines for the execution of the proposed order have not yet been clarified.
Obviously, the main - or even the only - customer of the new “Wall” complex will be Rosgvardia. It is this structure that is now responsible for security at public events, and must also solve the task of quelling riots. Other power structures have other tasks, and therefore do not need such a technique. At the same time, it cannot be ruled out that an interesting sample of a special car will attract the attention of foreign buyers and will be exported.
It is hardly necessary to expect that the order for serial "Walls" will be large. Machines for suppressing mass riots belong to the category of equipment that security forces really need, but not in large quantities. Such machines can enter service only in large cities, and in the amount of only a few units in each. The large number of special cars simply does not make sense in terms of economics and practice.
The main objective of the "Wall" is to ensure the work of soldiers in the suppression of riots. This fact suggests exactly how the serial equipment service will look like in the distant future. There is reason to believe that the “Stena” production vehicles will actively participate in exercises and trainings in order to train personnel. At the same time, the actual use of such a technique looks unlikely. As is well known, Russian security forces, armed with various special machines, are not in a hurry to use it in real operations. For example, at the disposal of the police there are various cars, water cannons, but they have never been used against the crowd. Such machines as "Storm" or "Avalanche-Hurricane" had to be taken out several times and one appearance was enough to cool hot heads. It is hardly necessary to expect that the Wall service will look different.
To solve special problems of the Rosguards and other structures special samples of various kinds of equipment may be necessary. A good example of this is the Wall car with special equipment. In addition, this project clearly shows the benefit of the interaction of the operator with the developer: future users found the first version of the machine not very successful, with the result that an updated version appeared. Now she has every chance to go into service and go into the series.
On the materials of the sites:
- Ryabov Kirill
- Kalashnikov Concern / kalashnikov.media, Bastion-karpenko.ru
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