Military Review

Day of the Air Force (Air Force Day) of Russia

12 August is the Day of the Air Force in Russia. After the creation of the Aerospace Forces of the Russian Federation (VKS RF) in 2015, which included the country's Air Forces, the holiday was celebrated as the Day of the Aerospace Forces of the Russian Federation. The Russian air force has existed for more than a century and during this time managed to go through a glorious combat path. Today, Russian videoconferencing is considered one of the strongest in the world.

106 years ago, 12 August 1912, by decree of Emperor Nicholas II, the state of the aeronautic unit of the General Directorate of the General Staff was formed in the country. This is the starting point for stories Russian Air Force.

Far from always, military pilots celebrated their holiday on this day; for a long time, the date of the celebration changed many times. So, in 1924, by the decision of Frunze, the celebration of the day of the air force fleet was postponed to July 14. And in 1933, Stalin already postponed the celebration date to August 18. At the same time, Air Force Day in the Soviet Union received the status of a public holiday. It was influenced by success in development aviation industry of the young Soviet state.

Later, the date of the celebration was changed several times. By the date of August 12, they finally returned to the 2006 year, when, considering the historical past, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree “On the establishment of professional holidays and memorable days in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”.

Military aviation of our country has a glorious and long history. It was the Russian military pilot Pyotr Nikolayevich Nesterov who laid the foundations for aerobatics, for the first time in history having performed the difficult element “loop”, in Russia this figure of aerobatics is sometimes called the loop of Nesterov. The pilot demonstrated his skill 27 August (9 September) 1913 of the year in Kiev over the Syretsky field. The great merit of Nesterov was that he first began to use the lifting force of the wing of the aircraft to perform maneuvers not only in the horizontal but also in the vertical plane.

Day of the Air Force (Air Force Day) of Russia
Petr Nikolaevich Nesterov

Russian military aviation performed well during the First World War. Despite the fact that Russian industry was then behind the military industry of other countries, and Russian military pilots fought mainly on foreign-made aircraft, it was in Russia in 1915 that the first multi-engine serial bomber Ilya Muromets in the world was created in Russia, also a specialized fighter to escort it. For its time, the four-engine bomber "Ilya of Murom" was a unique aircraft, on which a number of records of payload, time and maximum altitude were set.

In Soviet times, the development of military aviation was given even more attention and strength. Everyone understood that in future battles, aviation would show its worth. In the prewar period in the Soviet Union, a large number of excellent combat aircraft were created and launched into mass production, including the renowned Il-2 “flying tank” attack aircraft, the Yak-1 lightweight maneuverable fighter, and the Pe-2 dive bomber.

Throughout the Great Patriotic War, Soviet military pilots massively showed heroism and made an enormous contribution to the overall victory. During the war years, 44 093 pilots were trained in the country, of which 27 600 died in battle: 11 874 fighter pilots, 7837 attack pilots, 6613 bomber pilots, 689 auxiliary pilots and 587 reconnaissance pilots. During the war years, more than 600 Soviet pilots made air rammers, the exact number is still unknown. At the same time, more than 2 / 3 of all air ramming came in the first years of the war - 1941-1942 years. The most effective fighter pilots of the Great Patriotic and World War II on the part of the allies were also our air aces - Ivan Kozhedub (62 victories) and Alexander Pokryshkin (59 victories). For their exploits in the sky, they were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union three times.

In the postwar years, the main direction of development of the country's air force was the transition from piston aircraft to jet. Work on the first jet aircraft began in the USSR back in 1943-1944, and the first flight of such an aircraft made in March 1945. During the flight tests, flight speed was exceeded in excess of 800 km / h. 24 April 1946, the first Soviet production jets - the Yak-15 and MiG-9 fighters - flew into the sky. The massive use of jet aircraft began in 1947-1949, when the serial jet fighters MiG-15 and La-15 with swept wings, as well as the first Soviet front-line bomber with turbojet IL-28, appeared.

At the beginning of the 1980-s, airplanes of the fourth generation began to arrive in service with the Air Force, which were characterized by a significant improvement in maneuverability and flight performance. Modern Su-27, MiG-29 and MiG-31 fighters, attack aircraft Su-25, the world's largest strategic supersonic Tu-160 bombers began to enter the regiments. At the same time, fourth-generation airplanes - MiG-29, Su-27, MiG-31, created taking into account the advanced achievements of science and technology of the USSR, are still in service with the Russian Air Force. The existing groundwork allowed for the modernization of these aircraft, as well as creating on their basis new models of the 4 + generation, which form the basis of the fleet of the Russian Air Force at a given time.

Nowadays, the Russian Air Force is a branch of the military, which is part of the Air Force of the Russian Federation. Russian Air Forces are designed to repel aggression in the air sphere and to protect against high-level command and control points of the military and state administration, administrative and political centers of the country, industrial and economic areas, the most important objects of the economy and infrastructure of Russia and groups of troops (forces); destruction of objects and troops of the enemy using both conventional and nuclear weapons; aviation support of combat operations of troops (forces) of other types and types of troops.

Military aviation continues to perform a very large range of tasks: guarding and patrolling the country's air borders; transportation of troops, weapons and military equipment; landing of subunits. In addition, the crews of the Russian Air Force are regularly involved in the performance of special tasks, such as ensuring air patrols, evacuation of victims of emergencies and natural disasters, extinguishing large forest fires and solving many other problems. As part of combat training, the air force flight crews work through various questions and tasks to repel aerial aggression of a potential enemy, and provide ground cover for troops. Today no large Russian military exercises can do without the participation of the Air Force.

Since 2015, Russian military pilots, at the request of the official authorities of the Syrian Arab Republic, perform combat missions in Syria as part of a military operation against the Islamic State terrorist group (Islamic State (IG) is a terrorist group banned in Russia).

New modern threats and challenges that face the Russian Air Force today require their modernization and updating. In recent years, this process is particularly active. According to information from open sources, the aviation fleet of the Russian Air Force currently consists of more than 800 fighter jets (Su-27, Su-30, Su-35, MiG-29 and MiG-31), roughly 150 strike aircraft (Su-24 and Su 34), around 200 attack aircraft (Su-25), as well as 150 training aircraft (including Yak-130), about 70 strategic bombers (Tu-95 and Tu-160), more than 40 long-range missile carrier bombers Tu-22 3MXNUMX.

On August 12, the Military Review congratulates all military pilots, both acting and veterans, on their professional holiday - the Day of the Air Force!

Based on materials from open sources

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Grandfather
    Grandfather 12 August 2018 05: 42
    Happy Air Force Day all involved. soldier
    The Russian Air Force fleet currently comprises more than 800 fighters (Su-27, Su-30, Su-35, MiG-29 and MiG-31), approximately 150 attack aircraft (Su-24 and Su-34), and about 200 attack aircraft (Su-25), as well as 150 training aircraft (including the Yak-130), about 70 strategic bombers (Tu-95 and Tu-160), more than 40 long-range bombers, missile carriers Tu-22M3.
    didn’t get anything wrong with the numbers? what
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana 12 August 2018 10: 23
      Happy Country! Happy Russian Air Force Day!
      All involved in health, happiness, success and all well-being! love

      1. Mariyab
        Mariyab 12 August 2018 14: 22

        Happy Holiday !!! love
  2. avia12005
    avia12005 12 August 2018 07: 19
    Still, Air Force Day is August 18 !!!
    1. Cheldon
      Cheldon 12 August 2018 09: 41
      Quote: avia12005
      Still, Air Force Day is August 18 !!!

      My wife gave me the same!
    2. vladcub
      vladcub 13 August 2018 15: 58
      What do you dislike about July 14?
  3. Iline
    Iline 12 August 2018 07: 37
    And not in vain
    Earth considers
    the color of the nation
    those who were
    who is,
    who will be
    in aviation.

    Happy holiday, colleagues!
  4. Jolly oldster sailor
    Jolly oldster sailor 12 August 2018 07: 57
    Happy holiday, flyers !!! Health and prosperity !!! drinks hi
  5. Good cat
    Good cat 12 August 2018 08: 24
    Happy holiday! Especially aviators 17 VA USSR!
  6. Voenoboz
    Voenoboz 12 August 2018 08: 48
    The former communications officer of the Radchino training ground congratulates his colleagues on VKS day, and the aviation day is still August 18th.
  7. san4es
    san4es 12 August 2018 08: 51
    hi ... Happy Air Force Day! Hooray!!... soldier
  8. Phil77
    Phil77 12 August 2018 09: 11
    All involved in the Air Force on Holiday !!! and not involved either!
  9. Cheldon
    Cheldon 12 August 2018 09: 49
    Happy holiday, friends!
  10. Lord of the Sith
    Lord of the Sith 12 August 2018 10: 01
    Happy holiday to all involved! Not only pilots, but also those who ensure that planes fly to the sky! For your health! drinks
  11. faiver
    faiver 12 August 2018 11: 15
    Happy Holders of Heaven hi
  12. Sergey Averchenkov
    Sergey Averchenkov 12 August 2018 11: 29
    My congratulations.
  13. Mariyab
    Mariyab 12 August 2018 11: 40
    Happy Holidays! love
    Do not hold ovations
    On a holiday of aviation
    On the day of brave pilots -
    Navigators of heights.
    Congratulations, dear,
    You silver wings
    Conquered the sky -
    Golden people.
    May you love it brightly
    Everything in the world will come true
    And treasured ways
    Pass through life.
    Heaven is high for you
    Dear falcons,
    And good thanks
    For hard work!
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Ros 56
    Ros 56 12 August 2018 15: 47
    All with the Day of the Air Force and model aircraft troops. love soldier hi drinks
  16. Bort radist
    Bort radist 12 August 2018 17: 29
    Happy holiday to all! Pilots, navigators, technicians, operators, radio operators, ..........! Do not forget the ground services, technicians, tankers, communications, meteo, I'm afraid I can’t list all who provide flights!
  17. Jack O'Neill
    Jack O'Neill 12 August 2018 18: 03
    Happy holiday, balloonists.))
    I'll go to the Tundra to drive on Cobra Pokryshkin.)
  18. anjey
    anjey 12 August 2018 20: 07
    Happy Air Force Day everyone involved !!!
    1. NN52
      NN52 12 August 2018 20: 22
      Happy Holidays, friends ...

      And the photo is not inserted ... And it is on such a day ..
      1. NN52
        NN52 12 August 2018 21: 07
        Photo is not inserted ...
        Admins !!!
        1. Golovan Jack
          Golovan Jack 12 August 2018 21: 21
          Quote: NN52
          Photo is not inserted ... Admins !!!

          Well - why are "admins" right away ...

          Everything is as before: click on the button, select the file ... we see the selected picture at the bottom of the window in which we click on the buttons ... attention: put a tick in this picture!... Then press "Insert Selected".

          And everything is inserted wink
          1. NN52
            NN52 12 August 2018 21: 45

            Got Roman, thanks!

            And all involved again with the holiday!
  19. Gnefredov
    Gnefredov 12 August 2018 20: 38
    Today, my wife congratulated me on Air Force Day, which came as a big surprise to me. So what (she says) that you are not a pilot, but they still fly on your electronics. Really, did not expect. A feminine approach, it turns out. The lady cuts the topic :)
    I want to wish our pilots the most important thing, namely, that take-offs and landings are trouble-free and that those who are waiting for you at home wait for you to be safe and sound.
    Men for you! drinks and for your families!
  20. tractor driver73
    tractor driver73 12 August 2018 21: 24
    Pilots, technicians are sorely lacking, training planes are minuscule and at the head of "boots", the founder of the military police! Happy videoconferencing!
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. pvv113
    pvv113 13 August 2018 00: 09

    With a week of aviation, fellow aviators!
  23. vladcub
    vladcub 13 August 2018 16: 17
    Flyers, have a peaceful sky and family well-being !!!
    There are doubts about the air victories of Kozhedub and Pokryshkin: on the website and on TV, a flight flashes that Kozhedub in Korea shot down from one to several amers, but they were recorded on other pilots. The situation with Pokryshkin is different: he allegedly shot down 67 or even 70 German planes, but in 1941 headquarters papers were not preserved during the retreat, where his first victories were indicated. There were also cases when a pilot fought a battle over enemy territory and what happened to a German plane his pilot shot down or did he land safely on his airfield?
  24. Manul
    Manul 13 August 2018 21: 33
    Congratulations to all the pilots (!), The technicians and the creators of the aircraft, including all the workers in the factories. I would be modest, keep silent, but no one laid out, but it seems to me that follows, comrades. PS18 again for the pilots, since they think so.
  25. pro100y.belarus
    pro100y.belarus 14 August 2018 20: 13
    August 18 - Aviation Day.
    It is simply surprising how they like to remake holidays in Russia and Ukraine.
    Soon, instead of red stars, imperial tricolor circles will be drawn on the sides of the cars. Ukrainians have already drawn crosses.
    The heroic past cannot be denied. It will take revenge on you, be sure.
    1. pafegosoff
      pafegosoff 18 August 2018 12: 08
  26. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 18 August 2018 12: 08
    I didn’t spit on August 12 and all Putin’s attempts to kill all the Soviet signs of life!
    Demolish the Mausoleum - and build yourself!
    Jewish Masonic growth!
    August 18 and not a step back! 1933 - a holiday of the day of the USSR Air Fleet!
    Even for illiterate sheep - the current Russian Federation is the heir to the USSR!
    Whether you want it or not (wander abroad and slobber).
    Aviators, happy holiday! Stalin's falcons. for aviation!