The legendary tank T-72 is 45 years old
Development of a machine that combines firepower and heavy armor protection tanks and medium mobility, began in the late 1950s. As a result, the T-64A of the Kharkov plant, the T-72 KB of the Uralvagonzavod and the T-80 of the Kirov plant (Leningrad) were obtained.
Tests of cars showed that each of them has its advantages and disadvantages. Nevertheless, the engine and chassis of the Nizhny Tagil car turned out to be more reliable. In addition, the T-72 gunners were superior to their opponents in precisely hitting targets (the T-80B and T-64B fire control systems were more difficult).
As a result, the USSR has become the only country in the world that has at its disposal 3 of the MBT type at once. At the end of 80, the share of each type in the country's tank fleet was: T-72 - 38%, T-80 - 34%, T-64 - 28%.
Ural machines were delivered to Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Algeria, and India. Later, licensed production of tanks (Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, India, Iran and Iraq) was organized in several countries.
The baptism of fire T-72 received during the war in Lebanon in 1982. Then it turned out that he could successfully withstand the Israeli Merkava MK1 and the American М60А1.
According to representatives of the UVZ, Nizhny Tagil specialists began to improve the T-72 immediately after its birth (1970 year): the most successful solutions, both technological and constructive, were carefully selected, and the correctness of the decisions made was tested at the test site, test marches and in battles.
Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.