Military Review

Syrian MLRS Grad-1 returned to the front line

In the course of a large-scale military operation to liberate the valley of the Yarmuk River (Daraa province) from the terrorist formations, the Syrian army actively used various artillery systems, writes Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

But the positions of the CAA could be seen 152-mm self-propelled guns 2С3 "Acacia", 122-mm "Carnations", as well as the combat machine of the regimental MLRS 9K55 "Grad-1", which reappeared on the front line after months of interruption.

The last time these "Katyush" heirs hit the camera lenses in February of this year during the battles for the Eastern Guta near the Syrian capital. Installations supported the offensive units of the Fifth Assault Volunteer Army Corps. After that, "Grads-1" went into the shadows.

However, today they were again on the front line, methodically ironing the positions of terrorist formations with rocket projectiles.

A feature of this model MLRS is a lightweight package: 36 guides instead of forty, like the original version. In addition, instead of the "Ural" as a base used car ZIL-131, also contributed to cheaper production.

The weight of the installation is more than 11 tons, the firing range is up to 15 km. Speed ​​- up to 80 km / h, power reserve - 850 km. Calculation - 3 person.
Photos used:

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  1. gloomy fox
    gloomy fox 3 August 2018 16: 56
    The good news is, there is still gunpowder in the powder flasks, quite a few problems will be delivered to the bearded bandits hi
  2. MPN
    MPN 3 August 2018 17: 01
    As I understand it, PU Syrian? And our ammunition, or what?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 3 August 2018 17: 26
      Both that, and another with probability close to unity - ours.
      "Grad-1" regimental MLRS. It was developed for ammunition, allowing firing at short ranges. But the topic somehow did not go. In fact, this function should now be performed by "sunshine"
      1. MPN
        MPN 3 August 2018 17: 29
        I was confused
        In addition, instead of the Urals, the ZIL-131 car was used as a base,
        As it seemed, the Syrians are riveting and betting on what is available ... hi
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 3 August 2018 17: 37
          Quote: MPN
          used car ZIL-131

          Standard option. Initially, two bases were planned, ZIL-131 for regiments on armored personnel carriers and automobiles and MT-LB for regiments on BMPs. Even the launcher is not the same as that of the BM-21, in the marching in the opposite direction
          Still, a certain amount on the wheelbase still fell into the troops (and, apparently, were sent to Syria, because they themselves are not needed) On the caterpillar, it seems like just one installation "in pity"
          1. MPN
            MPN 3 August 2018 17: 38
            Clear. Thank! hi
          2. alex86
            alex86 3 August 2018 21: 44
            Let me add: for Grad-1, the angle of horizontal guidance is 240 degrees, for Grad-172 degrees (interfered with, including sights); for Grad-1, the center of gravity is lower (less likely to tip over, which is quite likely for the Urals with a charged package); Grad-1 on the basis of Zil in silhouette differs little from a tented machine, for Grad-1 the loading process is easier due to the fact that the launchers are hung closer to the ground, and at Grad they are quite high.
            1. alex86
              alex86 3 August 2018 21: 45
              Honestly, why Grad-1 did not go to Zila - I do not understand.
              1. Mordvin 3
                Mordvin 3 3 August 2018 22: 12
                Quote: alex86
                Honestly, why Grad-1 did not go to Zila - I do not understand.

                It turned out to be a bit heavy for ZIL.
  3. san4es
    san4es 3 August 2018 17: 12
    ... they again found themselves at the forefront, methodically ironing rockets with the positions of terrorist groups.
    Dec 2015 year hi
    1. ANCIENT
      ANCIENT 3 August 2018 17: 32
      As always, from me + and thanks for the video !!! hi
    2. sabakina
      sabakina 3 August 2018 19: 10
      Sanya. prvevet! Sorry, but your video doesn't go anywhere with mine! That's it!
  4. wicked pinnochio
    wicked pinnochio 3 August 2018 17: 13
    yes, as usual, they will drive fighters from one province to another
    1. Horse, people and soul
      Horse, people and soul 3 August 2018 17: 20
      Barmalei will now die tired in the end - so much to move from place to place ...
      1. wicked pinnochio
        wicked pinnochio 3 August 2018 17: 21
        they drive cars
    2. faiver
      faiver 3 August 2018 18: 56
      Syrian Tetris
    ANCIENT 3 August 2018 17: 34
    What they just don’t use, the whole Soviet arsenal seems to have passed, and obviously successfully, passed the battle test !!!!! soldier
  6. maiman61
    maiman61 3 August 2018 18: 41
    Stopudovo Syrian Express brought from our storage bases! They look very fresh.
  7. sabakina
    sabakina 3 August 2018 18: 59
    It is a pity that the modern MLRS do not "howl" like a BM-12. The Germans walked with only one sound in their pants.
  8. NyeMoNik70
    NyeMoNik70 3 August 2018 19: 01
    Not deservedly little has been written about this system.

    Unlike the BM-21, the guide package contains 36 trunks arranged in four rows (the upper two rows have 10 trunks, the lower two have 8 trunks). The artillery unit also includes sights, guidance mechanisms, as well as the corresponding electrical and hydraulic equipment. To ensure stability when firing at the rear of the wheeled chassis, hinged stops with jacks are provided. Compared with the BM-21, the guide rail package is located at a shorter distance from the ground, which greatly simplified the process of loading a combat vehicle.
    Shooting can be conducted by all types of ammunition designed for the M-21 Field Jet System:

    9M28F with high-explosive fragmentation warhead (standard)
    M-21OF with high-explosive fragmentation warhead
    9M22S (MZ-21) with incendiary head part
    9M28S with incendiary head
    9M28D with propaganda head part
    9M28K with a cluster head unit equipped with anti-tank mines
    3M16 with a cluster head in antipersonnel mine equipment
    9M519-1 ... 7 set of shells with cluster warheads equipped with jammers operating in the HF and VHF radio bands
    9M43 with a head part for creating smoke barriers
    9M521 with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead
    9M522 with detachable high-explosive fragmentation warhead
    9M217 with a cluster head in equipment with self-aiming combat elements
    9M218 with a cluster head in the equipment of cumulative-fragmentation warheads
    As shown by the general technological analysis of the manufacture of shells for the shells of the Grad-I system and the main indicators of manufacturability ... the manufacturability of the design of shells of the shells of the Grad-I system is higher than the manufacturability of shells of the shells of the Grad system.

    For the manufacture of the main body parts of the projectile of the Grad-1 system, progressive technological processes were used, which ensured the production of parts with minimal labor input, high productivity, as well as metal utilization.

    Thus, the manufacture of the warhead body was carried out by stamping in one press operation from a special cold-rolled pipe, which had the specified mechanical properties in the delivery state (σв ≥ 60 kgf / mm2). The material for the pipe was non-deficient structural steel of grade 10 GOST 1050-60. The utilization of the material was 0,75.

    In accordance with Directive No. 4I / I / 1972 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Military District of May 56, 006522, the field-testing of the Grad-1 system on the ZIL-131 chassis was started.
    At the stage of field testing, the system characteristics were obtained that satisfy the tactical and technical requirements:

    maximum firing range with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead - 15 km;
    accuracy of fire: in range Vd / X = 1/272; in the direction of Wb / X = 1/117;
    the number of guides of the combat vehicle - 36 pcs;
    transported ammunition on a transport vehicle - 54 shells (1,5 ammunition).
    In addition to a high-explosive fragmentation warhead, the 9M28 missile could be equipped with standard warheads of 9M23 and 9M22S shells.

    The effectiveness of the projectile with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead was higher compared to the standard M-21OF shell:

    in manpower (Eub = 10kg / cm2) 1,2 times;
    by unarmored vehicles (Еub = 135 kgm / cm2) 2,8 times;
    by lightly armored vehicles (Eub = 240 kgm / cm2) 4,1 times.
    1. Vova Kabaev
      Vova Kabaev 3 August 2018 19: 25
      Bravo! Thanks for the sensible presentation.
    2. Ros 56
      Ros 56 3 August 2018 21: 10
      And what is the diameter of the pipe for these pencils, we have a pencil factory here, there is a set of pencils in front of the through set, on the side there is a diameter of mm. 120-150 it seems, and maybe more, the case is twisted, it can be seen at the seam.
      1. alex86
        alex86 3 August 2018 21: 54
        The “pencils” have 122,4 mm, and you, I think, have 159 mm spiral-seam pipes.
    APASUS 3 August 2018 19: 26
    MLRS machine is good against barmaley, the question is rather different, but is Syria now producing rockets for such machines here? Production of the machines themselves is only half the battle
  10. olezhek
    olezhek 3 August 2018 20: 27
    some sort of budget option hail. Zil 131 is weaker than the Urals 375, therefore there are fewer guides. A projectile of m 28 ft flies only 15 km, unlike the m21of, which means the answer can be reached with d 30. The back stops should be put in the soil, so after the salvo you won’t leave immediately with an uncomplicated package. While the paws are folded, the answer will fly.
  11. Ros 56
    Ros 56 3 August 2018 21: 02
    A good thing, no words. Only I have a crew concern. It’s not tiresome for the three or two or three volleys to charge the car, because not three kg each. each racket weighs.
    1. alex86
      alex86 3 August 2018 21: 53
      For two or three volleys only for the mentally alternative, after the first it is necessary to bring down from there, the answer will fly.
    2. tank66
      tank66 4 August 2018 08: 29
      I have repeatedly seen how the guys from the 1060th rocket and artillery regiment (military unit 71205) worked in the DRA. In the division they maliciously teased - the regiment of the Flying Monkeys. By analogy from the book about the Wizard of the Emerald City. temperament. They went to the store several times in the location of their regiment, in a jacket with shoulder straps of the lieutenant / soldiers-sergeants were forbidden to scamper around "alien" territories /. epaulettes with shoulder straps. For the tankman it looked wild ... I do what. Right hmm, the stimulated fighter doesn’t know the limits in improving the combat craft. soldier
  12. Mustachioed Georgian
    Mustachioed Georgian 4 August 2018 09: 15
    The Soviet regime was strong, so many 131 to do, still not over soldier