Military Review

Fighter of the First World in full growth. CH 3. 1917

Let's see what the uniform and equipment of the infantryman in the 1917 campaign of the year were.

1. Belgian infantryman. Western front, 1917

Since 1915, the uniforms of the Belgian infantryman have become more modern, borrowing a number of characteristic elements of the French and British uniforms.

Fighter of the First World in full growth. CH 3. 1917

2. Silhouette of a Belgian infantryman.

1. Steel helmet M 1915 khaki; on the model of French helmet Adrian.
2. Neck tie
3. Double-breasted overcoat M 1915.
4. The overcoat hides a khaki M 1915 field uniform with a standing collar.
5. Field equipment M 1915 British sample.
6. Aluminum flask in a khaki cover.
7. French gas mask M 2.
8. Pants M 1915 straight cut khaki.
9. Brown leather leggings identical in color to the old model of peacetime.
10. Standard boots.
11. Mauser carabiner M 1889, caliber 7,65 mm.

3. Italian infantryman. Italian front, March 1917

The gray-green uniform of the 1909 M modern cut was maintained with minor changes in the collar and pockets until the end of the Second World War. The appearance of the Italian infantryman has changed little from 1915, except for adopting two items: a steel helmet and a gas mask.

4. Silhouette of an Italian infantryman.

1. Steel helmet M 1916. It was based on the French model Adriana.
2. Gray-green case.
3. Metal goggles are designed to protect the eyes from minor blast waves and debris.
4. A gray-green uniform of a 1909 M with a standing collar. Buttonholes - Cremona Brigade (as part of the 21-th and 22-th infantry regiments).
5. Leather gear M 1907.
6. Pouches for cartridges M 1907.
7. Individual entrenching tool: paddle, hatchet. Attached to the sheath for the bayonet.
8. Dry bag M 1907.
9. Flask M 1909.
10. "Polyvalent" gas mask Z M 1916.
11. Trousers M 1909. Two sloping side pockets.
12. Wool socks.
13. Winding.
14. brown shoes m xnumx.
15. 6,5-mm rifle Manlicher Carcano M 1891 - standard weapon Italian infantryman.

5. A fighter of Austrian assault units. Italian Front, 1917

The assault units were supposed to help the parties get out of the deadlock of positional warfare - including in the mountains of the Italian front. In addition, attack aircraft were used for prospecting and reconnaissance. The Italian Arditi gained a worthy opponent in the face of the Austrian Sturmtruppen. Austrian assault units marched to the forefront of the infantry, taking up captured enemy trenches, acting boldly and effectively. The symbolism in the form of the Adam's head and the favorite weapon (grenade) became the personification of the Austrian attack aircraft.

6. Silhouette of an Austrian attack aircraft.

1. Austrian steel helmet M 1916 light brown. Very similar to the similar German model.
2. Single-breasted uniform M 1917. on 4 pike gray buttons with field insignia. Celluloid stars on the collar indicate the title of corporal
3. Austrian modification of the German gas mask M 1915.
4. A brown leather belt with a brass buckle that carried the image of the double-headed eagle of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
5. Dual cartridge pouches of brown leather. In total - on 40 8-mm cartridges. Applied and ersatz materials.
6. A typical trench combat weapon is a baton.
7. Trench Dagger.
8. "Tyrolean" backpack.
9. Austrian version of the German bread bag.
10. Trench periscope.
11. Water flask.
12. Trousers M 1917. Later they were replaced by semi-breeches of mountain parts.
13. Winding.
14. Standard brown leather boots.
15. 8-mm rifle 1895 Steyr-Manlicher with a bayonet.

7. Italian attack aircraft "Arditi". Italian Front, 1917

The specifics of the fighting in the conditions of the positional front of the mountain war led to the appearance of assault units in the Italian army - “Arditi”. Assault units were available both in the infantry battalion and at a higher level. The Italians came to the largest structuring of assault units, creating the Assault Army Corps at the end of the war. The Arditi uniforms and equipment reflected both the specifics of the tactics and sought to emphasize the elite status of attack aircraft.

8. Silhouette "Arditi".

1. Helmet M 1916. After various unsuccessful experiments, Italy adopted the helmet, which was based on the French model of Hadrian - but the Italian version was made from a single piece of steel. Gray-green helmet carried regimental number. In the illustration - in the anti-glare (which was very important in the conditions of the mountain war) cloth case.
2. The uniform of the 1909 M is a gray-green fabric, similar in design to the Bersalier version. The open collar and sleeve carry the emblematic “Arditi”.
3. Wool sweater, the model is similar to that used by alpine arrows.
4. Pants M 1909, similar to the alpine, but more spacious in the thigh - to ensure maximum ease of movement.
5. Wool socks, common to all mountain troops.
6. Brown leather shoes M 1912, equipped with climbing nails and spikes.
7. The leather gear of the 1907 M was kept to a minimum, including: a belt and one ammunition pouch.
8. Universal backpack M 1907, contained the necessary quantity of hand grenades.
9. Gas mask Z M 1916 in a metal case.
10. Aluminum water flask in the case. Brand water was preferred to “Arditi” water.
11. Combat knife, a distinctive attribute attack aircraft. In this case, made of a bayonet rifle M 1870 Wetterly.

9. French infantryman in assault equipment, summer 1917

The reform of the French uniform in 1914 - 1915. generally bore fruit. But the full equipment was not very convenient on the march, and during the battle - even more so. Its “assault version” was developed - for fighters attacking the enemy as part of infantry waves.

10. Silhouette of a French infantryman.

1. Standard helmet Adriana M 1915. The soldier in the illustration tried to camouflage him as best he could.
2. Blue neck tie.
3. Jacket M 1914 / 15 on 5 buttons. Had a standing collar with the number of the regiment (in this case, the 51 th infantry). The additional color coding introduced in July 1916 of the year indicates the 3 battalion. The sleeve chevrons (the first for 12 months of service, and the rest for every six months of service) are located above the image of the grenade (indicating the specialization of the fighter). A large white patch, sewn to the back, helped the commanders to watch with their binoculars the progress of their soldiers.
4. Anti-gas mask M 2 in the "alarm" position.
5. Outfit for lebel brown leather rifle.
6. Assault styling. The backpack remained in the trench. But the blanket and cloth of the tent were carried by the soldiers.
7. Fighting knife M 1915, made of a bayonet rifle M 1886.
8. Shantsevy tool M 1909. - pickaxe and shovel.
9. Two rusk bags M 1892 - in one ration, and in others. Grenades, etc.
10. 2 two-liter bottles - one, as a rule, contained wine diluted with water, the other - a coffee drink.
11. Trousers M 1914. (pay attention to the different shades of different parts of the uniform).
12. Light gray winding.
13. Boots M 1912, modified in 1916 g.
14. Rifle Berthier M 1907 / 15.

11. Russian infantry expeditionary corps. France, 1917

Fighters of Russian Special Brigades, who became famous on the French front in 1916-1917, were selected according to the standards in force for the imperial guard. Long time France did not see such tall and beautiful soldiers and officers who speak French fluently. Uniforms and insignia were Russian, but some of the equipment and weapons were provided by the French army — to avoid supply problems, especially ammunition.

12. Silhouette of Russian infantryman.

1. Adrian M Helmet 1915. The Russian brigades in France and Macedonia were provided with them by 100%.
2. The gymnast M 1912. in the summer cotton version. The badge of excellent shooter is attached to the shoulder strap.
3. Russian belt M 1914 brown leather, with a buckle (belt belt is missing).
4. French shoulder belts M 1892 / 1914. brown skin Y-shaped.
5. French cartridge case M 1905 / 14 (or M 1916) brown leather.
6. French rusk bag M 1892, containing rations.
7. French 2 liter water flask M 1877.
8. Russian satchel M 1910. Holds clothing items and a certain amount of ammunition.
9. French gas mask M 2 in a metal case.
10. Bloomers M 1907.
11. Blackened leather boots.
12. Berthier M 1907 / 15 rifle, caliber 8 mm - issued to all soldiers of both brigades, except for machine gunners, who received 1892 M carbine as personal weapons.
13. French bayonet M 1915.

13. American infantryman. St. Nazar, June 1917

The entry of the United States into 1917 in the war was a long-awaited event for the Entente - after all, the fresh army of the USA became a powerful reservoir of manpower. The first foot soldiers, who disembarked in Saint-Nazaire in June 1917, made an indelible impression, both with their physical form and enthusiasm, and with modern uniforms and equipment. The depicted soldier of the 28 Infantry Regiment of the 1 Division carries the full camping gear assigned to the American Expeditionary Force in France.

14. Silhouette of an American infantryman.

1. Hat xnumx. khaki in the style of "Montana". The hat had ventilation, a practical leather strap, and cords and “acorns” indicated the type of troops.
2. Field uniform M 1912. - “Olive gray” color - with a stand-up collar and four pockets. The emblem on the collar (crossed rifles) signified the type of troops, and also carried the part number.
3. Breeches M 1912 characteristic style.
4.-5. Equipment 1910 M - a total of 100 cartridges were placed in pouches.
6. Water Flask M 1910.
7. Satchel M 1910 in full installation. Contained rations, a set of dishes. The springfield rifle bayonet is attached to the left, and the spade is under the rusk bag.
8. Tarpaulin leggings M 1910.
9. Reddish-brown leather boots M 1904.
10. Rifle Springfield M 1903 / 05.

The ending should ...
Articles from this series:
Fighter of the First World in full growth. CH 2. 1915-1916
Fighter of the First World in full growth. CH 1. 1914 year

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  1. kvs207
    kvs207 22 August 2018 06: 57
    "Gymnastka M 1912. in summer cotton version"

    And when did designations such as "M 1912" appear in the Russian army? Was there always a sample of such and such a year?
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 22 August 2018 07: 54
      For a Russian soldier, the bayonet had narrowly targeted use, only for attack, for other armies the bayonet was already a knife and could be used like a knife.
      In WW1, a Russian soldier did not have a helmet.
      For Americans, the scapula is correct, not every army at all had an infantryman with an army scapula, but in trench warfare, this is a necessary thing.
      No Serbian soldier?
      1. Graz
        Graz 22 August 2018 14: 57
        340 000 helmets were made in France and delivered to Russia from the ordered 2 000 000, so that somewhere they found application with us
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 22 August 2018 15: 09
        You did not carefully read the previous materials: Russians had steel helmets during the years of WWII. The military department was unable to properly establish the production of steel helmets and began to purchase in France. There are photographs of 1941, which are depicted in the helmets of Adriani
  2. Cat
    Cat 22 August 2018 07: 29
    Dear Alex, thank you so much for the selection of material! I read and looked with great interest !!!
  3. Curious
    Curious 22 August 2018 08: 33
    Brandy was preferred over Arditi water.
    It’s only in the movies that cowboys drink water instead of water. Alcohol dehydrates the body and if you drink brandy instead of water, you will stretch your legs very quickly.
    1. spech
      spech 22 August 2018 14: 15
      It is likely that brandy was used to disinfect water.
    2. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 22 August 2018 14: 21
      One flask of water, one with brandy. Probably. But in general, in the area in which they fought, Water pours from all the cracks - this is not Sinai, not Texas and not “Palestine”.
  4. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 22 August 2018 14: 41
    Thank you for continuing the cycle. I like very illustrative articles on various topics, both about 1MB and about the Ancient World.
  5. vladcub
    vladcub 22 August 2018 14: 59
    Thanks to the author, I learned a lot about WWI and I can clearly imagine what the soldiers of that time looked like.
    As for others, but in my opinion the frogs haven't thought of everything: think about what it is like for him to carry all this? I liked the uniform of "Arditi" and the Austrians: there is a window jump, but not all officers had us and the Second World War. As a child, I heard from my grandfather, he was on the Mannerheim Line in 1940, my grandfather looked into the trench and nothing, and after a couple of meters the commander just leaned out and the "cuckoo" fired. And if there was a periscope, then the officer would not have introduced himself to the bullet
  6. Moore
    Moore 23 August 2018 12: 11
    Assault styling. The backpack remained in the trench. But the soldier carried the blanket and cloth of the tent with him.

    But why??
    1. 17085
      17085 12 November 2018 06: 49
      Quote: Moore
      But why??

      In order not to look for what a corpse to wrap
  7. bistrov.
    bistrov. 27 October 2018 08: 24
    In the First World War, the tsar put all Russian soldiers in leather boots. .After the revolution, the Red Army, almost completely, switched to the "European novelty" -windings. That's worse than you can imagine for Russian conditions, especially for the autumn-spring trench mud and winter cold. But what are windings? This is an analogue of the Slavic onuch, that is, footcloths traditionally wound under the shoes of the common people - bast shoes, successfully adopted by Europe to save leather.

    Boots in the Red Army were issued only in the cavalry, if you look at the photographs of that time, they were special, higher, similar to boots, with a shield that practically covered the knee. Also, "mechanized" armored troops and squadrons were equipped with boots. With the invention of the "tarpaulin", the situation with shoes in the Red Army improved somewhat, but until the end of the Second World War, many infantry units retained their windings.

    By the way, not everyone in the Wehrmacht was put on footwear, many of them wore boots, for example, tankers, as well as many others.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 27 October 2018 09: 12
      Quote: bistrov.
      In World War I, the tsar of all Russian soldiers wore leather boots.

      That's just in WWI and the lack of shoes began. It got to the point that bast shoes began to be purchased. And windings appeared in the fifteenth year, and canvas boots. But there were no pickaxes, although they even invented the pickaxe in Russia, and they began to use it as covers for guns in the REV.