1. Belgian infantryman. Western front, 1917
Since 1915, the uniforms of the Belgian infantryman have become more modern, borrowing a number of characteristic elements of the French and British uniforms.
2. Silhouette of a Belgian infantryman.
1. Steel helmet M 1915 khaki; on the model of French helmet Adrian.
2. Neck tie
3. Double-breasted overcoat M 1915.
4. The overcoat hides a khaki M 1915 field uniform with a standing collar.
5. Field equipment M 1915 British sample.
6. Aluminum flask in a khaki cover.
7. French gas mask M 2.
8. Pants M 1915 straight cut khaki.
9. Brown leather leggings identical in color to the old model of peacetime.
10. Standard boots.
11. Mauser carabiner M 1889, caliber 7,65 mm.
3. Italian infantryman. Italian front, March 1917
The gray-green uniform of the 1909 M modern cut was maintained with minor changes in the collar and pockets until the end of the Second World War. The appearance of the Italian infantryman has changed little from 1915, except for adopting two items: a steel helmet and a gas mask.
4. Silhouette of an Italian infantryman.
1. Steel helmet M 1916. It was based on the French model Adriana.
2. Gray-green case.
3. Metal goggles are designed to protect the eyes from minor blast waves and debris.
4. A gray-green uniform of a 1909 M with a standing collar. Buttonholes - Cremona Brigade (as part of the 21-th and 22-th infantry regiments).
5. Leather gear M 1907.
6. Pouches for cartridges M 1907.
7. Individual entrenching tool: paddle, hatchet. Attached to the sheath for the bayonet.
8. Dry bag M 1907.
9. Flask M 1909.
10. "Polyvalent" gas mask Z M 1916.
11. Trousers M 1909. Two sloping side pockets.
12. Wool socks.
14. brown shoes m xnumx.
15. 6,5-mm rifle Manlicher Carcano M 1891 - standard weapon Italian infantryman.
5. A fighter of Austrian assault units. Italian Front, 1917
The assault units were supposed to help the parties get out of the deadlock of positional warfare - including in the mountains of the Italian front. In addition, attack aircraft were used for prospecting and reconnaissance. The Italian Arditi gained a worthy opponent in the face of the Austrian Sturmtruppen. Austrian assault units marched to the forefront of the infantry, taking up captured enemy trenches, acting boldly and effectively. The symbolism in the form of the Adam's head and the favorite weapon (grenade) became the personification of the Austrian attack aircraft.
6. Silhouette of an Austrian attack aircraft.
1. Austrian steel helmet M 1916 light brown. Very similar to the similar German model.
2. Single-breasted uniform M 1917. on 4 pike gray buttons with field insignia. Celluloid stars on the collar indicate the title of corporal
3. Austrian modification of the German gas mask M 1915.
4. A brown leather belt with a brass buckle that carried the image of the double-headed eagle of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
5. Dual cartridge pouches of brown leather. In total - on 40 8-mm cartridges. Applied and ersatz materials.
6. A typical trench combat weapon is a baton.
7. Trench Dagger.
8. "Tyrolean" backpack.
9. Austrian version of the German bread bag.
10. Trench periscope.
11. Water flask.
12. Trousers M 1917. Later they were replaced by semi-breeches of mountain parts.
14. Standard brown leather boots.
15. 8-mm rifle 1895 Steyr-Manlicher with a bayonet.
7. Italian attack aircraft "Arditi". Italian Front, 1917
The specifics of the fighting in the conditions of the positional front of the mountain war led to the appearance of assault units in the Italian army - “Arditi”. Assault units were available both in the infantry battalion and at a higher level. The Italians came to the largest structuring of assault units, creating the Assault Army Corps at the end of the war. The Arditi uniforms and equipment reflected both the specifics of the tactics and sought to emphasize the elite status of attack aircraft.
8. Silhouette "Arditi".
1. Helmet M 1916. After various unsuccessful experiments, Italy adopted the helmet, which was based on the French model of Hadrian - but the Italian version was made from a single piece of steel. Gray-green helmet carried regimental number. In the illustration - in the anti-glare (which was very important in the conditions of the mountain war) cloth case.
2. The uniform of the 1909 M is a gray-green fabric, similar in design to the Bersalier version. The open collar and sleeve carry the emblematic “Arditi”.
3. Wool sweater, the model is similar to that used by alpine arrows.
4. Pants M 1909, similar to the alpine, but more spacious in the thigh - to ensure maximum ease of movement.
5. Wool socks, common to all mountain troops.
6. Brown leather shoes M 1912, equipped with climbing nails and spikes.
7. The leather gear of the 1907 M was kept to a minimum, including: a belt and one ammunition pouch.
8. Universal backpack M 1907, contained the necessary quantity of hand grenades.
9. Gas mask Z M 1916 in a metal case.
10. Aluminum water flask in the case. Brand water was preferred to “Arditi” water.
11. Combat knife, a distinctive attribute attack aircraft. In this case, made of a bayonet rifle M 1870 Wetterly.
9. French infantryman in assault equipment, summer 1917
The reform of the French uniform in 1914 - 1915. generally bore fruit. But the full equipment was not very convenient on the march, and during the battle - even more so. Its “assault version” was developed - for fighters attacking the enemy as part of infantry waves.
10. Silhouette of a French infantryman.
1. Standard helmet Adriana M 1915. The soldier in the illustration tried to camouflage him as best he could.
2. Blue neck tie.
3. Jacket M 1914 / 15 on 5 buttons. Had a standing collar with the number of the regiment (in this case, the 51 th infantry). The additional color coding introduced in July 1916 of the year indicates the 3 battalion. The sleeve chevrons (the first for 12 months of service, and the rest for every six months of service) are located above the image of the grenade (indicating the specialization of the fighter). A large white patch, sewn to the back, helped the commanders to watch with their binoculars the progress of their soldiers.
4. Anti-gas mask M 2 in the "alarm" position.
5. Outfit for lebel brown leather rifle.
6. Assault styling. The backpack remained in the trench. But the blanket and cloth of the tent were carried by the soldiers.
7. Fighting knife M 1915, made of a bayonet rifle M 1886.
8. Shantsevy tool M 1909. - pickaxe and shovel.
9. Two rusk bags M 1892 - in one ration, and in others. Grenades, etc.
10. 2 two-liter bottles - one, as a rule, contained wine diluted with water, the other - a coffee drink.
11. Trousers M 1914. (pay attention to the different shades of different parts of the uniform).
12. Light gray winding.
13. Boots M 1912, modified in 1916 g.
14. Rifle Berthier M 1907 / 15.
11. Russian infantry expeditionary corps. France, 1917
Fighters of Russian Special Brigades, who became famous on the French front in 1916-1917, were selected according to the standards in force for the imperial guard. Long time France did not see such tall and beautiful soldiers and officers who speak French fluently. Uniforms and insignia were Russian, but some of the equipment and weapons were provided by the French army — to avoid supply problems, especially ammunition.
12. Silhouette of Russian infantryman.
1. Adrian M Helmet 1915. The Russian brigades in France and Macedonia were provided with them by 100%.
2. The gymnast M 1912. in the summer cotton version. The badge of excellent shooter is attached to the shoulder strap.
3. Russian belt M 1914 brown leather, with a buckle (belt belt is missing).
4. French shoulder belts M 1892 / 1914. brown skin Y-shaped.
5. French cartridge case M 1905 / 14 (or M 1916) brown leather.
6. French rusk bag M 1892, containing rations.
7. French 2 liter water flask M 1877.
8. Russian satchel M 1910. Holds clothing items and a certain amount of ammunition.
9. French gas mask M 2 in a metal case.
10. Bloomers M 1907.
11. Blackened leather boots.
12. Berthier M 1907 / 15 rifle, caliber 8 mm - issued to all soldiers of both brigades, except for machine gunners, who received 1892 M carbine as personal weapons.
13. French bayonet M 1915.
13. American infantryman. St. Nazar, June 1917
The entry of the United States into 1917 in the war was a long-awaited event for the Entente - after all, the fresh army of the USA became a powerful reservoir of manpower. The first foot soldiers, who disembarked in Saint-Nazaire in June 1917, made an indelible impression, both with their physical form and enthusiasm, and with modern uniforms and equipment. The depicted soldier of the 28 Infantry Regiment of the 1 Division carries the full camping gear assigned to the American Expeditionary Force in France.
14. Silhouette of an American infantryman.
1. Hat xnumx. khaki in the style of "Montana". The hat had ventilation, a practical leather strap, and cords and “acorns” indicated the type of troops.
2. Field uniform M 1912. - “Olive gray” color - with a stand-up collar and four pockets. The emblem on the collar (crossed rifles) signified the type of troops, and also carried the part number.
3. Breeches M 1912 characteristic style.
4.-5. Equipment 1910 M - a total of 100 cartridges were placed in pouches.
6. Water Flask M 1910.
7. Satchel M 1910 in full installation. Contained rations, a set of dishes. The springfield rifle bayonet is attached to the left, and the spade is under the rusk bag.
8. Tarpaulin leggings M 1910.
9. Reddish-brown leather boots M 1904.
10. Rifle Springfield M 1903 / 05.
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