“The fate of Dukhonin was decided. Further known. Dukhonin was torn to pieces. ” Part of 1

42
The march of Kerensky and Krasnov to Petrograd failed. And Alexander Fedorovich on the night of November 14, 1917 of the year signed a decree stating that Lieutenant-General Nikolai Nikolayevich Dukhonin, the former headquarters staff of the Stavka, becomes the new Supreme Commander. Contemporaries of Nikolai Nikolayevich, and then numerous historians in one voice argued that he was conducting anti-people and counter-revolutionary activities. Dukhonin refused to subordinate the Bolshevik government and did not enter into peace negotiations with the Austrian-German command. This the Bolsheviks could not forgive. And Ensign Nikolai Vasilyevich Krylenko went to Mogilyov. He had to occupy the post of commander in chief, and Dukhonin, who had become the "enemy of the people," was eliminated.

Hereditary military



Nikolai Nikolaevich Dukhonin was born in 1886 year in Smolensk Province. He came from a family of hereditary military. His grandfather, Lawrence Grigoryevich, was a hero of the Crimean War and the St. George Knight. My father, Nikolai Lavrentievich, also rose to the rank of general. Moreover, he achieved a high position not due to the patronage of his father, but due to his efforts and talent. In general, the Duhonins received a noble title precisely for their impeccable military service. And therefore they got into the second part of the Pedigrees of the Noble books. There just made a military nobility.

“The fate of Dukhonin was decided. Further known. Dukhonin was torn to pieces. ” Part of 1


Soon the Dukhonins' family moved to Kiev. Here Nikolai Nikolayevich graduated from Vladimir Kiev Cadet Corps (1894 year), and two years later - the Moscow Third Alexander Military School. And after that, Dukhonin was in the Life Guards of the Lithuanian regiment.

Supporting talent with diligence and flawless discipline, Nikolay Nikolayevich in 1902 managed to graduate from the first category of the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff and was promoted to the staff captain of the guard (renamed the captain of the General Staff).

The further career of the young military was more than successful. In 1906, Nikolai Nikolayevich was awarded the Order of St. Stanislav and St. Anne of the third degree, and after that - the post of Assistant Senior Adjutant of the Kiev Military District. In Kiev, Dukhonin soon married Natalya Vladimirovna Werner.

Another interesting thing: for almost a whole year, Nikolai Nikolayevich was greatly assisted by the senior adjutant of the district - Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Sergeevich Lukomsky. Lukomsky became a mentor for the young Dukhonin, helping him to adapt as quickly as possible to the new position and range of responsibilities. A year later, Alexander Sergeevich was appointed Chief of Staff of the 42 Infantry Division. Now Dukhonin became a mentor for Lukomsky, since prior to his transfer to Kiev, Nikolai Nikolayevich held the position of senior adjutant in this infantry unit as part of the Russian imperial army. This mutual assistance and mutual assistance only strengthened the friendship between the two military men. Then they didn’t even know under what circumstances they would meet after the 1917 events of the year ...

I must say that Dukhonin was distinguished by a rare ability to attract people to himself. This applied to the management and subordinates. For example, he developed excellent relations with the new chief of staff of the district, Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseev. Dukhonin himself was made to headquarters officers for assignments at the headquarters of the Kiev Military District. In general, Alekseev became for Nikolay Nikolayevich not just a friend, but an example to follow. Mikhail Vasilyevich, in turn, highly appreciated the knowledge and skills of Dukhonin.

In 1912, Nikolai Nikolayevich himself took over the post of senior adjutant of the headquarters of the Kiev Military District. A year later, the same Alekseev recommended Dukhonin for a foreign trip as an observer to the maneuvers of the Austro-Hungarian troops. Since the situation in Europe at that time was already reminiscent of a powder keg, the military understood that a large-scale armed conflict could hardly be avoided. And proceeding from a geographical position and a political position, Austria-Hungary could become one of the main opponents of Russia. In general, we decided to play it safe, and at the same time, get food for thought.

In mid-July 1914, Dukhonin became a senior aide to the department of quartermaster general of the staff of the Third Army. He was in charge of intelligence, and “For that, from 11 to 16, Sep. 1914, along with a reconnaissance of the fortifications of Przemysl and, in particular, of the Sedlis group, associated with a clear danger to life, established the exact composition of the garrison of the fortress and other data, which later assaulted the storming of two forts from the Sedlis group. weapons (Golden Weapon "For courage").

I must say that, despite a successful career, Dukhonin managed to avoid “scandals, intrigues, investigations”. Co-workers, regardless of titles, noted his high professional and human qualities. This is how Colonel Boris Vladimirovich Gerua spoke about him: “He was a capable and very active officer with an open, direct character.”

And this is the memoirs of General Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel: “Of medium height, full, ruddy, with thick curly black hair, extremely youthful, he gave the impression of a very soft, modest person. The general had a lot of glorious deeds, and the crosses of St. George decorating his chest and neck spoke of this. ”

By the way, Nikolai Nikolayevich received the Order of St. George of the third degree for battles at Byala and Mokra in 1915. In those battles, he commanded the Lutsk Infantry Regiment of 165. And in December of the same year, Dukhonin was promoted to major general. A little later, he was appointed assistant quartermaster-general of the headquarters of the South-Western Front, General Mikhail Konstantinovich Diterikhs. And in May of the following year, Nikolai Nikolayevich took the post of Diterikhs, who was appointed head of the second Special Infantry Brigade.

In August 1917, Dukhonin became a lieutenant general. And in September - Chief of Staff of the Supreme Commander Alexander Fedorovich Kerensky. Here is what Alexander Fedorovich recalled about him: “Dukhonin was a broad-minded, frank and honest person, far from political squabbles and machinations. Unlike some older officers, he did not mourn and grumble about the "new system" and by no means idealized the old army. He was not horrified by the soldiers' committees and government commissars, realizing their necessity. Moreover, the daily reports on the situation at the front, which he compiled at Headquarters, were balanced and reflected the real state of affairs. He never sought to paint the army in the form of a gang of irresponsible scum. There was nothing in him from the old military bureaucrat and martinet. He belonged to those young officers who adopted the art of winning from Suvorov and Peter the Great, and this, along with many other things, meant that they saw nothing in their subordinates. robotsand above all people.

In the red maelstrom

When the Bolsheviks seized power in the country, the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander in Mogilyov began to play the role of a red rag for the bull for them. They understood that Mogilyov could well become almost the largest center of resistance, since Nikolay Nikolayevich himself was an ardent anti-Bolshevik. After the armed uprising of the Bolsheviks, Dukhonin created a special group at GHQ. And its commander appointed Mikhail Konstantinovich Diterikhs. He was required to coordinate all actions on internal fronts. On November 7, 1917, Nikolai Nikolayevich addressed the army: “... under the influence of Bolshevik agitation, most of the Petrograd garrison ... joined the Bolsheviks ... The sacred duty to the Motherland ... required the army to maintain complete calm, self-control and a strong position in the positions, thereby assisting the government and To the Council of the Republic ... ” He also sent a telegram to Petrograd, in which he demanded from the Bolsheviks subordination to the Provisional Government, and also urged to abandon the armed seizure of power. It is curious that at the end of the telegram, Dukhonin decided to use the threat, stating: "the current army will support this requirement with force."

The next day, Nikolai Nikolayevich and the Commissar of the Provisional Government at Stavke Stankevich appealed to the soldiers not to obey the Bolsheviks. A telegram was sent to the front commanders: "The headquarters, the commissar up and the all-army committee share the point of view of the government."

And the next day, Dukhonin did not abandon attempts to reach the Bolsheviks, demanding that they stop the violence and submit to the Provisional Government. A telegram with such a message was sent in the morning, but already in the afternoon he sent another to Moscow: "Together [with] the army committees I take measures to help Moscow and free it from the rebels."

On November 11, Nikolay Nikolayevich addressed General Kaledin, sending him a message to Novocherkassk: “Would you find it possible to send a squad of Cossacks from Don to Moscow to help the government forces suppress the Bolshevik uprising, who, after suppressing the uprising in Moscow, could go to Petrograd to support the troops General Krasnov. The next day, he sent Kaledin another telegram. But, by and large, time has already been lost. And as a proof of this was the failure of the march on Petrograd Kerensky and Krasnov. After these events, Aleksandr Fedorovich handed over the position of Supreme Commander to Nikolai Nikolayevich.

When Dukhonin found out about this, he first of all appealed to the soldiers, urging them not to give up the position, "... in order not to let the enemy take advantage of the turmoil played out inside the country and further deepen into the borders of his native land."

Gradually, the Stavka became the main center where all those who were dissatisfied with the Bolshevik government began to push. And the leaders of numerous groups attempted to create at the Stavka an All-Russian "homogeneous socialist government from the Bolsheviks to the popular socialists." Well, the main decision was to make SR Chernov. And representatives of the Ukrainian Central Council were able to knock out the formation of the Ukrainian army on the ethnic and territorial type.

It is difficult to imagine under what pressure in those days was Nikolai Nikolayevich. They constantly demanded something from him, calling on him to solve many problems overnight, which were growing. Moreover, the requirements were put forward both from their own people and from “strangers”. And in a conversation with a member of the Commissariat for Military and Maritime Affairs Nikolai Vasilyevich Krylenko Dukhonin stated: “The headquarters cannot be encouraged to take part in deciding on the legality of the supreme power and, as the highest operational and technical body, considers it necessary to recognize these functions ... The attitude of the high command to the civil war is expressed in the order of our top of 1 November, which stopped the movement of troops to Petrograd. ”



Further more. On November 21, a telegram arrived from the Council of People's Commissars. In it, the Supreme Commander urgently demanded to enter into negotiations with the enemy. The goal was clearly marked - a truce. Nikolay Nikolayevich, of course, was against such a plot development. Therefore, I ignored the telegram, trying to delay the answer to the last. But the next day, Dukhonin was called to the telephone. On the other side was not only Krylenko. The company he made up of Lenin and Stalin. They repeated their order. And Nikolai Nikolayevich refused to comply. He had a formal reason for such an action, and he took advantage of it. Dukhonin said that such negotiations with the command of the enemy is the competence of the central government, not the commander. The reaction was naturally tough. Nikolay Nikolayevich heard that he was being removed from his post. But, he had to fulfill his duties until the arrival of the new commander-in-chief — of course, Krylenko: “In the name of the government of the Russian Republic, on behalf of the Council of People’s Commissars, we dismiss you from your position for disobeying government regulations and for unbearable disasters for the working masses all countries and especially the armies. We order you, under the fear of liability under wartime laws, to continue to conduct your case until a new commander-in-chief or a person authorized by him to take matters from you arrives at the rate. Warrant Officer Krylenko is appointed Commander. ”

As for Dukhonin, he was immediately declared the "enemy of the people." The countdown began and the already former Supreme Commander understood this perfectly well. He understood why and for what Krylenko was going to bet. But Nikolai Nikolayevich could not humbly accept fate. I did not allow this to do an officer's honor.

But Krylenko, having received parting words from Vladimir Ilyich, set out on a journey. Lenin ordered him to create a detachment of loyal soldiers, seize the headquarters and begin negotiations with an external enemy. And with the inner ... deal with it in accordance with the requirements of the revolutionary time. Krylenko himself later said: “The first enemy is the external one. He is not dangerous, an armistice will be concluded with him. The second enemy is hunger, the prevention of which is taken care of by the government of the people's commissars. The third enemy is a counter-revolutionary command structure, headed by Dukhonin, a Kornilov. With him will be the most brutal struggle! "

Dukhonin, meanwhile, informed the commander of the fonts about Lenin’s decision. True, he said that he still remains in office and will not negotiate with foreign opponents. According to contemporaries, Dukhonin, the words of the appointment of an ensign in his place, Nikolai Nikolayevich perceived as a great folly. Moreover, he sincerely believed that the Bolsheviks would come to their senses and return Krylenko back. It didn’t fit into the head of Dukhonin that Lenin decided to put an ensign in his place. Nikolai Nikolayevich was convinced that Krylenko had just managed to get into the jet at the right time and nothing more. Therefore, he believed that he would not be able to pull the heavy load of the “gifted” post.

And while the ensign was driving, Dukhonin tried to somehow influence the demoralized army: “Give time for true Russian democracy to form power and government, and it will give us immediate peace together with the allies.”

But did the Supreme Commander himself believe in this? The question, of course, is rhetorical. He saw in what state (in the literal and figurative sense) his army was in. In fact, she did not even submit to him. The fact is that special commissioners settled in all departments of the military ministry, who personally approved or wrapped up one or another order. The words of the commander-in-chief without the signature of the commissioner were invalid.

Meanwhile, Krylenko also considered it his sacred duty to turn to the army: “Soldiers, continue your struggle for an immediate truce. Choose your delegates to negotiate. Your Supreme Commander Warrant Officer Krylenko is going to the front today to take up the cause of fighting for an armistice. ”

There was another appeal addressed to the Stavka: “I demand that since the signing of the truce not a single bullet has whistled towards the enemy. I demand that the conditions of the concluded contract be fulfilled sacredly. Anyone, no matter who is, from a general to a soldier, who dares to violate my order, will immediately be put on the spot to a revolutionary court. ”


Nikolay Vasilyevich Krylenko


A few days before, Vladimir Ilyich had made a similar appeal. On behalf of SNK, he told the soldiers that they themselves began to conclude a truce with the enemy along the entire front line: “Let the regiments on their positions immediately choose authorized representatives. We give you rights to it. ” When Dukhonin learned about such an act of Lenin, he regarded it as a betrayal: "These actions exclude any concept of statehood and may not be useful to the Russian people - the Bolsheviks call themselves commissars, but, of course, only Wilhelm."

But no matter how hard Dukhonin tried, he failed. And the heads of the military missions of the allied states at the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander handed him a collective note of protest. All of them were outraged by the violation of the treaty of 1914 of the year, which forbade the allies to conclude a truce or a separate peace. This note was forwarded by Nikolai Nikolayevich to all the commanders. He once again personally appealed to the soldiers not to succumb to Bolshevik provocations and to fulfill military duty to the end. But ... his words were drowned in the buzz of Bolshevik statements.

Here is what General Anton Ivanovich Denikin recalled: “Dukhonin was and remained an honest man. He was clearly aware of the duty of a warrior in the face of the enemy behind the trench line, and was true to his duty. But in the abyss of all the contradictions thrown into life by the revolution, he was hopelessly confused. Loving his people, loving the army and despairing of other ways to save them, he continued to walk, reluctantly, on the way to a revolutionary democracy, drowning in word streams and fearful business, lost between the Motherland and the revolution, gradually passing from the struggle "on a national scale" to an agreement with the Bolsheviks, from the armed defense of the Stavka as a “technical apparatus” to the surrender of Mogilev without a fight. ”

Here is another statement by Denikin: “A brave soldier and a talented officer of the General Staff brought Kerensky voluntarily and disinterestedly to their work, refusing any struggle in the field of military policy and reconciling with the role of a“ technical adviser ”. Dukhonin went to such a role, obviously risking his good name, and later life, solely because of the desire to save the situation. He saw in this the only and last resort. ”

While waiting for Krylenko, Dukhonin committed the deed with which he hammered the last nail into the lid of his coffin. He ordered the release of generals from Bykhov prison who were implicated in the Kornilov speech in August 1917. Kornilov himself, Denikin, and Lukomsky, and several other prominent figures of the military theater found themselves at liberty. Thanks to the order of Dukhonin, they were able to organize the “White Resistance” in a short time ...
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  1. +2
    4 July 2018 06: 14
    So ... The indecision of some and the impudence of others ... And it turned out that we have ...
    1. +10
      4 July 2018 08: 42
      Quote: Vard
      The indecision of some and the impudence of others.

      Not indecision, but an unwillingness to unleash a bloody civil conflict (unlike the other side), and even during the war — such is the driving force of both Dukhonin and Kornilov. Judging by their orders, there was enough decisiveness and skill.
      He hoped, like the rest of the people, that in a couple of days the power would pass to the Vel people NEXTLY, the Constituent Assembly was about to begin its work, to which the Bolsheviks promised to rule. If he had known that this was another lie in an endless series of others, he would have acted more decisively: he had shock units at his disposal. All that was needed was an order to destroy the so-called "High Commander" Krylenko. It is a pity, it is a pity that he did not give it away.

      By the way, the entire military leadership pool of the Bolsheviks (Antonov-ovseenko, Dybenko, krylenko) was, as a match, created from notorious cowards, deserters, traitors, and draft deviators.
      1. Antonov-Ovseenko, being an officer, saving his own skin-RUNNING from his soldiers from the train going to the front back to Russian-Japanese, has since been hiding
      2. Krylenko- RUN abroad from the war. Then he illegally returned to fight the state, was arrested, ..... pardoned and almost sent to the front, But-, out of fear, he began to be treated for ... "pubic eczema". No words .... I never got to the front.
      3. Dybenko-staged uprisings in military units instead of defending the Fatherland. it is well known about his "brave" defense of Narva, which consisted of fleeing from it.
      The "comrades in the struggle" also felt disgust for them: all three "commanders were shot in 1937-38.
      .partition ...
      1. +2
        4 July 2018 14: 00
        Olgovich, you are a little mistaken: "unwillingness to unleash a bloody civil conflict" can be attributed to Dukhonin, and L. G. completely agreed with the civil conflict, at least he resolutely stood up for one of the warring parties
        1. +1
          5 July 2018 10: 01
          Quote: Royalist
          Olgovich, you are a little mistaken: "unwillingness to unleash a bloody civil conflict" can be attributed to Dukhonin, and L. G. completely agreed with the civil conflict, at least he resolutely stood up for one of the warring parties

          Lavr Georgievich SAM surrendered after the so-called Kornilovsky’s “rebellion”, although very, very many were ready to follow him. And he could (and MUST have!) Entered Petrograd and take the situation under the control of the military. But he did not want blood and civil strife during the war.
          And only then, when the edge came, after the defeat and the HRM. SOB-I-got up to fight.
  2. +2
    4 July 2018 08: 00
    Nikolai Nikolaevich turned out to be too young in the article) He was born in 1876.
  3. +4
    4 July 2018 08: 11
    Dukhonin was what is called a "technocrat" - a typical military specialist far from politics - and an excellent specialist, a man of high staff culture.
    But on the issue of separate negotiations with the enemy, the position of the last Russian Headquarters and N. N. Dukhonin was personally principled: “When N. N. Dukhonin was given an ultimatum order to immediately begin negotiations on a ceasefire, he finally answered with a decisive refusal, as he denied the Council of People’s Commissars has the right to represent the central government. ”
    This led to the death of Headquarters and personally Duhonin.
  4. +2
    4 July 2018 08: 36
    And before, everything was perceived differently. Propaganda is a powerful thing. The steeper the booze, the harder the hangover.
    1. +1
      5 July 2018 10: 03
      Quote: Cheldon
      And before, everything was perceived differently. Propaganda is a powerful thing. The steeper the booze, the harder the hangover.

      Yes, there was propaganda, not history .....
  5. +2
    4 July 2018 10: 09
    To be honest ... Dukhonin is a typical military freemason (the same as, say, Denikin). In the fall of 1917, he tried to "maneuver" (that is, to trick). The result (for everyone) is obvious.
    1. +4
      4 July 2018 10: 30
      He was not a freemason, but those whom he released from Bykhovskaya prison were for the most part. The general did not know how to cheat, and did not want to, by which he signed his own death sentence.
      It is possible to supplement Denikin’s description of Duhonin, ......... he is hopelessly confused
      Anton Ivanovich himself, in my opinion, was very confused.
      1. 0
        4 July 2018 17: 24
        Apparently, you also have a list of who was a freemason and who was not? Do not share?

        So, according to 1917, judging by actions and other things, Dukhonin is also a freemason.

        PS: I agree about Denikin: he was a bad man and dishonest
        1. +1
          4 July 2018 18: 28
          Quote: AK64
          Do not share?

          The future top of the white movement.
          Quote: AK64
          and Duhonin is also a freemason.

          You reproach me, but they themselves mean so confidently affirm.
          1. +1
            15 July 2018 10: 38
            The future top of the white movement.

            Absolutely.
            But Dukhonin did not enter there only because of death.
            If there wasn’t a freemason - who would have put him in that position?
  6. +10
    4 July 2018 11: 29
    Oh, what a noble military nobility it was! The author hope the French bun was tasty?
    “These actions exclude any notion of statehood and may not be in the hands of the Russian people, whose commissars the Bolsheviks call themselves, and, of course, only Wilhelm”

    The imperialist was worried about the Russian people when the start to burn.
    Once again, he personally appealed to the soldiers with a call not to succumb to Bolshevik provocations and to fulfill military duty to the end. But ... his words drowned in the rumble of Bolshevik statements.

    Of course, when the people realized that they waged three years of a bloody war for the interests of the imperialists, no statements were needed here.
    He ordered the release of the generals from Bykhov prison, who were implicated in the Kornilov speech in August 1917. Kornilov himself, Denikin, and Lukomsky, and several other prominent figures of the military theater were free. Thanks to the order of Dukhonin, they were able to organize a “White Resistance” in a short time

    But in fact, to unleash a civil war while destroying so many of the Russian people who are warmly guarded by him ...
    1. +5
      4 July 2018 11: 41
      There is no desire to swear, but how military nobility can be associated with imperialistabout delicious french roll it’s better to keep silent, it’s already a bad taste, it’s sore mouth. You, though at Lenin’s look, what does the concept mean - imperialism
      1. +10
        4 July 2018 12: 10
        A curse is not necessary. Despite the dense anti-Soviet propaganda, many failed to shame their heads. Who needs it knows who and what it cost.
      2. +7
        4 July 2018 12: 13
        So for what three years they fought and killed 1.7 million people? The country was brought to such a handle that the soldiers were ready to go even for ensigns.
        1. +3
          4 July 2018 13: 02
          For the same reason for which 30 years later they killed 27 million - they defended their homeland from the attacking enemy.
          1. +7
            4 July 2018 13: 16
            Maybe relatives shared colonies and profits? Therefore, in the end, everything collapsed, unlike 41?
            1. 0
              4 July 2018 13: 34
              Quote: Moskovit
              Maybe relatives shared colonies and profits?


              no
          2. +7
            4 July 2018 13: 23
            Quote: Gopnik
            ditched 27 million

            Not "killed", but perished. Do you feel the difference? Basically, they were peaceful Soviet citizens who died as a result of German bombing of peaceful cities, the actions of various Einsatzgruppes, as well as those who died in German concentration camps.
            1. +1
              4 July 2018 13: 43
              Quote: solzh
              Not "killed", but perished.


              and this is not at the address of the claim, this is to contact Moskovit, please
              1. +3
                4 July 2018 13: 54
                You answer for your words yourself, do not weave me. I wrote that the tsarist regime climbed into this divide and killed 1.7 million soldiers' lives.
                1. +1
                  4 July 2018 14: 25
                  And the Bolshevik regime climbed into the next division and killed 10 million soldiers' lives, plus even more civilian lives.
                  This is based on your logic.
                  1. +5
                    4 July 2018 18: 49
                    According to the WWII results, the "Bolshevik regime" was hit by quite a few (half of Europe and Asia). But the Bulkochrst RI for WWI did not break off nothing but death.
                    1. 0
                      6 July 2018 15: 53
                      Yeah, then even these “half of the world” fed these 10 million soldiers at the expense of the widows remaining in the rear of the women.
                      So, Soviet Russia itself has refused "annexations and reparations", say thanks to the Bolsheviks.
                      1. 0
                        7 July 2018 01: 10
                        That is, when it conquers someone RI is cool, and when the Soviet Union it sucks? Soviet Russia tried to change this world for the better without destroying it, as practice has shown the wrong path.
              2. The comment was deleted.
        2. 0
          4 July 2018 17: 22
          Quote: Moskovit
          So for what three years they fought and killed 1.7 million people?

          And where do these numbers come from?
          In fact, just in case, according to the General Staff (which were for themselves and not for the press), the casualties for January 1916 (that is, before the "known events") amounted to less than 600 thousand people.

          But in the civilian "killed" .... "from 3 to 8 million" (until now they can’t even calculate exactly!)
          1. 0
            4 July 2018 17: 35
            Sorry, January 17th of course, I mean
          2. +2
            4 July 2018 23: 22
            Estimates are different. Soviet sources are inclined to 1.7 million. So why did the Civil then begin? Is not the deplorable state of Russia led to a revolution? Who led her to this, having all the fullness of power?
            1. 0
              15 July 2018 10: 42
              Estimates are different. Soviet sources are inclined to 1.7 million.

              Urlanis is generally so modest 2 million. But this can not be seriously considered. The official General Staff, those that "for themselves, not for the press" - less than 600 thousand in January 1917
              So why did Civil then start? Is not the deplorable state of Russia led to a revolution? Who led her to this, having all the fullness of power?

              You are confusing several very different things, but nevertheless I will try to explain: The Civil War was actually launched by the Bolsheviks, and was a direct consequence of the revolution. But the revolution began as a coup d'etat, and had nothing to do with the "deplorable state" at all. (As there was not even this "deplorable state")
    2. +2
      4 July 2018 11: 59
      Quote: Gepirion
      Oh, what a noble military nobility it was! The author hope the French bun was tasty?
      “These actions exclude any notion of statehood and may not be in the hands of the Russian people, whose commissars the Bolsheviks call themselves, and, of course, only Wilhelm”

      The imperialist was worried about the Russian people when the start to burn.
      Once again, he personally appealed to the soldiers with a call not to succumb to Bolshevik provocations and to fulfill military duty to the end. But ... his words drowned in the rumble of Bolshevik statements.

      Of course, when the people realized that they waged three years of a bloody war for the interests of the imperialists, no statements were needed here.
      He ordered the release of the generals from Bykhov prison, who were implicated in the Kornilov speech in August 1917. Kornilov himself, Denikin, and Lukomsky, and several other prominent figures of the military theater were free. Thanks to the order of Dukhonin, they were able to organize a “White Resistance” in a short time

      But in fact, to unleash a civil war while destroying so many of the Russian people who are warmly guarded by him ...

      The French were among the nobles and officers were not so common in the menu as it is believed, some kind of ridiculous stamp.
      But where is the French baguette almost in the daily diet so it is in Vietnam, surprised? This is the legacy of the French colonialists.
  7. +1
    4 July 2018 14: 02
    Quote: Cheldon
    And before, everything was perceived differently. Propaganda is a powerful thing. The steeper the booze, the harder the hangover.

    You definitely noticed it
  8. +2
    4 July 2018 14: 21
    Quote: Moskovit
    So for what three years they fought and killed 1.7 million people? The country was brought to such a handle that the soldiers were ready to go even for ensigns.

    And Samsonov already had so many publications that the Bolsheviks won thanks to the fact that in most cities the garrison service was carried out by the reservists, and they were lazy in the rear and were ready to go even for Satan, not to go to the front.
    By the way, in World War II, older reservists were not left for long in the rear. The fact that the recruiting service was mainly carried out by recruits and recovering a lot of literature and the elders talked about a lot. Apparently, NPO Stalin was better versed in human psychology than the environment of the last emperor?
    1. 0
      4 July 2018 14: 27
      Quote: Royalist
      Apparently, NPO Stalin was better versed in human psychology than the environment of the last emperor?


      Duc, this is logical. Dzhugashvili had the experience of WWI, especially since he and his accomplices actively then processed the soldiers' mass for
      Quote: Royalist
      were ready to go even for Satan, not to get to the front
      and the Glavkoverkh and his entourage from the time of WWI did not have such an experience
      1. +7
        4 July 2018 17: 34
        Quote: Gopnik
        Dzhugashvili had the experience of WWI, especially since he and his accomplices actively then processed the soldiers' mass for

        Where and when "Dzhugashvili processed on the subject"?
        AND WHY Dzhugashvili needed to do this --- if the provisional rulers themselves did an excellent job of this?

        You would be interested in the activities of, let’s say, Denikin as commander-in-chief and earlier --- it was he who corrupted (by checking the officers' loyalty to “revolutionary ideals” and relentlessly pushing out “insufficiently conscious” from the army).

        And “Dzhugashvili and accomplices” in the 17th for such a task had neither the forces nor the people nor the means, so do not invent.
    2. +6
      4 July 2018 17: 29
      Quote: Royalist

      And Samsonov already had so many publications that the Bolsheviks won thanks to the fact that in most cities the garrison service was carried out by the reservists, and they were lazy in the rear and were ready to go even for Satan, not to go to the front.

      The Bolsheviks won primarily because in February, gentlemen with golden shoulder straps began to organize coups, instead of honestly serving the Fatherland. Here, as a result of these games, the gold miners got Washed Russia with blood.

      The key figure in the coup is Alekseev
      1. 0
        4 July 2018 18: 30
        General M.V. Alekseev is a black figure of Russia, he is one of the main ones that forced the Emperor to recant. Further, the events went along the lines outlined by the Wrangians of Russia, which M.V. Alekseev did not expect, but power and opportunities were meekly given to the opposing side. Further, only fleeing from Petrograd and petty attempts to correct what was allowed, but he died a weak and quiet old man, fleeing persecution by the Bolsheviks ... There remains the memory of a man who wanted the best, but inaction caused so much pain and loss to Russia, and so little that avoid them ...
  9. 0
    4 July 2018 14: 37
    Perhaps Denikin most accurately characterized Dukhonin: "in the abyss of all the contradictions thrown into the life of the revolution, he was hopelessly entangled." Nikolai Nikolayevich Dukhonin himself was without a doubt a high-ranking and brave man, but fate wished that he lived not before the events of 1917 and the civil war and not after, but at the very beginning
  10. +2
    4 July 2018 15: 05
    Sorry for the general
    Time is Time
    1. +3
      4 July 2018 20: 33
      Quote: Black Joe
      Sorry for the general
      Time is Time

      Not at all. To each his own.
  11. +2
    4 July 2018 20: 44
    Krylenko is a pity, of course. Although no one will now say what happened in the 30s. But the place of Dukhonin is in the trash of history. As Chubais said: If someone does not fit ... He did not fit. Everything is in the spirit of our time.
  12. +3
    5 July 2018 00: 05
    According to eyewitnesses, the corpse of Dukhonin for several days lay on the platform with a cigarette, which was inserted into her mouth by unbelted killers. Dukhonin was a brilliant general and an intelligent military man with REPUTATION. As an NGS he fulfilled his duty to the STATE to the end. He was not "confused" - just a new era began in which such people were not allowed.

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